Mandukyopanishad, Mandukya Upanishad, Māṇḍukyopaniṣad: 3 definitions


Mandukyopanishad means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Māṇḍukyopaniṣad can be transliterated into English as Mandukyopanisad or Mandukyopanishad, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Mandukyopanishad in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

The Mandukya Upanishad; consisting of just twelve verses expounding the mystic syllable Aum, the three psychological states of waking, dreaming and deep sleep, and the transcendent fourth state of illumination.

The Mandukya Upanishad describes four states of consciousness, namely waking (jagrat), dreaming (svapna), and deep sleep (sushupti), which correspond to the three bodies:

  1. (gross body) The first state is the waking state, in which we are aware of our daily world. "It is described as outward-knowing (bahish-prajnya), gross (sthula) and universal (vaishvanara)".
  2. (subtle body) The second state is the dreaming mind. "It is described as inward-knowing (antah-prajnya), subtle (pravivikta) and burning (taijasa)".
  3. (causal body) The third state is the state of deep sleep. In this state the underlying ground of concsiousness is undistracted, "the Lord of all (sarv'-eshvara), the knower of all (sarva-jnya), the inner controller (antar-yami), the source of all (yonih sarvasya), the origin and dissolution of created things (prabhav'-apyayau hi bhutanam)".
  4. (Turiya) The fourth factor is Turiya, pure consciousness. It is the background that underlies and transcends the three common states of consciousness.

In this consciousness both absolute and relative, Saguna Brahman and Nirguna Brahman, are transcended. It is the true state of experience of the infinite (ananta) and non-different (advaita/abheda), free from the dualistic experience which results from the attempts to conceptualise ( vipalka) reality. It is the state in which ajativada, non-origination, is apprehended.

Gaudapadacharya was the author of Māṇḍukya Kārikā, a commentary on Mandukya Upanishad. It was written in 8th century, and is one of the earliest works on Advaita Vedanta.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mandukyopanishad in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Māṇḍūkyopaniṣad (माण्डूक्योपनिषद्) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Io. 269. 1095 A. 1686. 1726. 2783 (and Gauḍapādakārikāḥ). 3182. Oxf. 365^b (and G.). 385^a. 394^b. Khn. 20. B. 1, 116. 118 (and—[commentary]). Report. Iii. Ben. 70. 73. 75. Tu7b. 8. Haug. 18. Rādh. 4 (and—[commentary]). Oudh. Iv, 7. Ix, 2. Xv, 4. Burnell. 34^b. Bhr. 10 (and G.). 487. 490. Poona. 59. Taylor. 1, 67. 311. Oppert. 2197. 4626. 7210. Ii, 402 1647. 3230. 7425. 7968. 8510. 8675. Rice. 10. Peters. 3, 383.
—[commentary] NW. 278.
—[commentary] by Brahmānanda Sarasvatī. B. 1, 118.
—[commentary] by Rāghavendra. Oxf. 385^a.
—[commentary] Bhāṣya by Śaṅkarācārya. Io. 1454. W. p. 86. Oxf. 365^b. 395^b. Khn. 20. K. 18. B. 1, 118. Tu7b. 8. NW. 272. 292. Oudh. Ix, 2. Xv, 4. Burnell. 34^b. Bhk. 7. Oppert. 1538. 4543. 4709. 4949. 8165. Ii, 641. 2510. 3749. 6089. 9971 Rice. 56. 58. Sb. 374.
—[sub-commentary] by Ānandatīrtha. Io. 992. 1084. Oxf. 365^b. K. 18. B. 1, 118. Ben. 69. Tu7b. 8. Oudh. Ix, 2. Xiv, 10.
—[sub-commentary] by Mathurānātha Śukla. Np. Iii, 120.
—[sub-commentary] by Raṅgarāmānuja. Oudh. Xv, 4. Xvi, 32.
—[commentary] Bhāṣya by Ānandatīrtha. L. 1217. 1374. Burnell. 100^a. Oppert. Ii, 1268. Rice. 56.
—[sub-commentary] Māṇḍūkyopaniṣadbhāṣyasaṃgraha by Rāghavendra. Burnell. 100^a.
—[sub-commentary] by Vyāsatīrtha. Burnell. 100^a. Oppert. 3671. Rice. 56.
—[sub-commentary] by Śrīnivāsatīrtha. Oppert. 3670. Ii, 6088. Rice. 60.
—[commentary] Dīpikā. B. 1, 118. Oppert. 8164.
—by Nārāyaṇa. Bhr. 233.
—by Śaṅkarānanda. L. 2559. K. 18. B. 1, 118. Burnell. 34^b. Rice. 56. Māṇḍūkyopaniṣadāloka by Vijñānabhikṣu. L. 1808. Māṇḍūkyopaniṣatkārikāḥ by Gauḍapāda q. v.

2) Māṇḍūkyopaniṣad (माण्डूक्योपनिषद्):—Cs. 181 (and the Āgamaprakaraṇa of Gauḍapāda). 184. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 68. Hz. 201. Stein 34 (and Gauḍapādakārikāḥ).
—[commentary] by Śaṅkarācārya. Bl. 252. Cs. 181. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 68. Hz. 105. 181. 215. 281.
—[sub-commentary] by Ānandatīrtha. Bl. 253. Cs. 181. Cu. add. 2097. Hz. 181. Stein 35.
—[sub-commentary] by Raṅgarāmānuja. Stein 35.
—[commentary] Bhāṣya by Ānandatīrtha. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 68.
—[sub-commentary] Māṇḍūkyopaniṣadbhāṣyasaṃgraha by Rāghavendra. Stein 35 (inc.).
—[sub-commentary] by Vyāsatīrtha. Gb. 12.
—[sub-commentary] by Śrīnivāsatīrtha. Gb. 12.
—[commentary] Dīpikā by Śaṅkarānanda. Cs. 183.

3) Māṇḍūkyopaniṣad (माण्डूक्योपनिषद्):—Ulwar 432-34.
—[commentary] by Ānandatīrtha. Ulwar 434. Dīpikā by Śaṅkarānanda. Ulwar 433 (inc.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māṇḍūkyopaniṣad (माण्डूक्योपनिषद्):—[from māṇḍūkya > māṇḍūka] f. Name of an Upaniṣad

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of mandukyopanishad or mandukyopanisad in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

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