Shibi, Śibi, Śibī: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Shibi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śibi and Śibī can be transliterated into English as Sibi or Shibi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Hands of Famous Emperors.—Śibi: Kapittha hand waved forewards.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Śibi (शिबि).—Grandson of Hiraṇyakaśipu, who had four sons called Anuhrāda, Hrāda, Prahlāda and Saṃhlāda, and of the four, Saṃhlāda had three sons called Āyuṣmān, Śibi and Bāṣkala. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 19).

This Śibi was the son of Hiraṇyakaśipu. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Verse 18).

This Asura took birth again and lived as a King by the name Druma. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 8). (See full article at Story of Śibi from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Śibi (शिबि).—Inhabitants of the country called Śibi; they are called Śaibyas also. The following information about the country is gathered from Mahābhārata.

2) (i) Sunandā, mother of King Śantanu was a princess of this country. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 95, Verse 44).

2) (ii) Govāsana, father-in-law of Yudhiṣṭhira, was a King of Śibi. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 95, Verse 76).

2) (iii) Nakula, during his triumphal tour of the western regions, conquered the kingdom of Śibi. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 7).

2) (iv) People of Śibi attended the Rājasūya yajña conducted by Yudhiṣṭhira with presents. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 52, Verse 14).

2) (v) A King called Uśīnara, once ruled the country. (Vana Parva, Chapter 131, Verse 21).

2) (vi) The kingdom of Śibi was once under the jurisdiction of Jayadratha. (Vana Parva, Chapter 267, Verse 11).

2) (vii) Arjuna annihilated the armies of the kingdom of Śibi which followed Jayadratha to the battlefield. (Vana Parva, Chapter 271, Verse 28).

2) (viii) The mahārathas of Śibi, with their armies, arrayed under the banner of Duryodhana to fight the Pāṇḍavas. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 195, Verse 7).

2) (ix) Karṇa once subjugated the kingdom of Śibi. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 91, Verse 38).

2) (x) The people of the country in earlier days were illiterate and ignorant. (Karṇa Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 34).

3) Śibi (शिबि).—A King born in the dynasty of Uśīnara. He was present at the wedding of Draupadī. He fought on the side of the Pāṇḍavas in the great war and was killed by Droṇa. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 155, Verse 19). King Śibi had four sons Bhadra, Suvīra, Kekaya and Vṛṣadarbha. (Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha).

4) Śibi (शिबि).—An Indra. There were four sects of Devas called Supāras, Haris, Satyas and Sudhīs in Tāmasa Manvantara, and there were twentyseven Devas in each Sect. Śibi, who performed hundred yajñas then was Indra. (For details see under Manvantaram).

5) Śibi (शिबि).—An ancient Rājarṣi. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu thus:—Brahmā-Atri-Candra-Budha-Purūravas-Āyus-Nahuṣa-Yayāti-Anudruhyu-Sabhānara-Kālanara-Sṛñjaya-Uśīnara-Śibi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śibi (शिबि).—A son of Dṛṣadvatī and Uśīnara known for his munificence; Parīkṣit compared to him. Knew the yoga power of Hari;1 father of Vṛṣādarbha and three other sons (ten sons, Matsya-purāṇa); gave up life in service, and attained permanent fame.2 Śivapuram was his capital;3 engaged in a sacrifice with Vasumat, Aṣṭaka and Pratardana when his grandfather Yayāti fell from heaven;4 discoursed with Yayāti about other worlds;5 went to heaven in a golden chariot;6 gifts of, to attain heaven.7

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 12. 20; II. 7. 45; Va. 99. 21-23.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 3-4; VIII. 20. 7; X. 72. 21; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 9-10; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 19-20.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 20-23.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 35. 5; 38. 22; 42. 28; 48. 18.
  • 5) Ib. 42. 6-8.
  • 6) Ib. 42. 14, 26.
  • 7) Ib. 42. 19.

1b) A son of Cākṣuṣa Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 16.

1c) The Indra of the epoch of Tāmasa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 46; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 40; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 17.

1d) A son of Prahlāda.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 6. 9; 35. 5; 245. 31; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 1.

1e) A son of Mādrī and Vṛṣṇi.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 2.

1f) A son of Garga.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 37.

1g) A son of Kuru and Āgneyī.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 6.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śibi (शिबि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.15) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śibi) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Śibī is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.18, I.65, I.61.7) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Śibi (शिबि) is the name of Indra in the Tāmasamanvantara: one of the fourteen Manvantaras, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, “ In the tāmasamanvantara the Martyas and the Sudhiyas are the Gods, Jyoti, Dharma Pṛthu, Kalpa, Caitrāgni-savana and Pīvara are the seven sages. Śibi was the Indra”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Sibi [ಸೀಬಿ] in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Psidium guajava L. from the Myrtaceae (Bottlebrush) family having the following synonyms: Psidium fragrans, Psidium pomiferum, Psidium cujavus. For the possible medicinal usage of sibi, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Śibi (शिबि) [=Śibī?] or Śibika refers to a country belonging to “Dakṣiṇa or Dakṣiṇadeśa (southern division)” classified under the constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā represent the southern division consisting of [i.e., Śibi] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Śibi (शिबि) is the name of an ancient king having performed the pacificatory ritual described chapter 47 of the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “[This rite] should be employed by utterly glorious Sovereigns when they are in distress—[...] Ambarīśa, Śuka, Alarka, Māndhātṛ, Purūravas, Rājoparicara, Dhundhu, Śibi and Śrutakīrtana—those Kings of old attained Universal Sovereignty after performing this. They became free of diseases and free of enemies. Their fame was widely spread and blameless”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Shibi was an ancestor of Rama, born in the Ikshvaku dynasty. He is best known for his devotion to truth and justice. To test his devotion to truth, Indra and Agni took the forms of a hawk and a pigeon respectively and went to his kingdom. The pigeon (Agni) sought refuge with the King, with the hawk in hot pursuit. The King promised the pigeon asylum, and when the hawk demanded that the pigeon be given to him as his natural food, the Shibi tried to satisfy it with the meat of other animals.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (Abhidharma)

Śibi (शिबि) is the name of a king who gave his body to the pigeon (kapota) according to the according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VII).—“In one of his previous lives, the Buddha Śākyamuni was a king named Śibi; this king was reverent (namas), had received refuge (śaraṇa) and was very energetic (vīryavat) and full of loving-kindness (maitrī) and compassion (karuṇā); he considered all beings with the love of a mother for her child”.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Śibi (शिबि) or Sībi is the name of an ancient King, according to the Śibijātaka, as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter L.—Accordingly, “thus king Che-p’i (Sībi), in order to save a pigeon, removed a piece of flesh from his own body to exchange it for the pigeon”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Sibi in India is the name of a plant defined with Psidium guajava in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Syzygium ellipticum Wall. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora Analítica e Fitogeográfica do Estado de São Paulo (1970)
· Listados Florísticos de México (1983)
· Species Plantarum (1762)
· Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series (1958)
· Biologia Centrali-Americana; … Botany (1880)
· Lilloa (1966)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sibi, for example chemical composition, side effects, health benefits, extract dosage, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śibi (शिबि).—

1) A beast of prey.

2) The birch tree.

3) Name of a country (pl.); Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5.195.7.

4) Name of a king (who is said to have saved Agni in the form of a dove from Indra in the form of a hawk by offering an equal quantity of his own flesh weighed in a balance); शिबेरिव समुद्भूतं शरणागतरक्षया (śiberiva samudbhūtaṃ śaraṇāgatarakṣayā) Mu.6.18.

Derivable forms: śibiḥ (शिबिः).

See also (synonyms): śivi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śibi (शिबि).—[masculine] [Name] of a king, [plural] his people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śibi (शिबि):—m. (also written śivi) Name of a Ṛṣi (having the [patronymic] Auśīnara and supposed author of [Ṛg-veda x, 179]), [Anukramaṇikā]

2) of a king (renowned for his liberality and unselfishness, and said to have saved Agni transformed into a dove from Indra transformed into a hawk by offering an equal quantity of his own flesh weighed in a balance), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

3) ([plural]) a people descended from Śibi, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) Name of a son of Indra, [Mahābhārata]

5) of Indra in the fourth Manv-antara ([varia lectio] śikhin), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) of a son of Manu Cākṣuṣa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) of a Daitya (son of Saṃhrāda), [Mahābhārata]

8) a king of the Śibis, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

9) a beast of prey, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) the birch tree (= bhūrja), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Typha Angustifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śibi (ಶಿಬಿ):—

1) [noun] a beast of prey.

2) [noun] the tree Butea bojapatra of Papilionaceae family, the smooth bark of which can easily be peeled off in thin sheets; a birch tree.

3) [noun] the grass Typha angustifolia of Typhaceae family.

4) [noun] name of a myth. king renowned for his liberality and unselfishness.

--- OR ---

Sībi (ಸೀಬಿ):—

1) [noun] = ಸೀಪಿ [sipi].

2) [noun] the tree Psidium guajava ( = P. pyriferum) of Myrtaceae family.

3) [noun] its edible fruit; guava.

--- OR ---

Sībi (ಸೀಬಿ):—[noun] in coconut palm, a net-like fibrous material found at the point where the thick, hard, central part of a leaf is joined to the main stem.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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