Shibi, aka: Śibi, Śibī; 8 Definition(s)


Shibi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śibi and Śibī can be transliterated into English as Sibi or Shibi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1) Śibi (शिबि).—Grandson of Hiraṇyakaśipu, who had four sons called Anuhrāda, Hrāda, Prahlāda and Saṃhlāda, and of the four, Saṃhlāda had three sons called Āyuṣmān, Śibi and Bāṣkala. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 19).

This Śibi was the son of Hiraṇyakaśipu. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Verse 18).

This Asura took birth again and lived as a King by the name Druma. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 8). (See full article at Story of Śibi from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Śibi (शिबि).—Inhabitants of the country called Śibi; they are called Śaibyas also. The following information about the country is gathered from Mahābhārata.

2) (i) Sunandā, mother of King Śantanu was a princess of this country. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 95, Verse 44).

2) (ii) Govāsana, father-in-law of Yudhiṣṭhira, was a King of Śibi. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 95, Verse 76).

2) (iii) Nakula, during his triumphal tour of the western regions, conquered the kingdom of Śibi. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 7).

2) (iv) People of Śibi attended the Rājasūya yajña conducted by Yudhiṣṭhira with presents. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 52, Verse 14).

2) (v) A King called Uśīnara, once ruled the country. (Vana Parva, Chapter 131, Verse 21).

2) (vi) The kingdom of Śibi was once under the jurisdiction of Jayadratha. (Vana Parva, Chapter 267, Verse 11).

2) (vii) Arjuna annihilated the armies of the kingdom of Śibi which followed Jayadratha to the battlefield. (Vana Parva, Chapter 271, Verse 28).

2) (viii) The mahārathas of Śibi, with their armies, arrayed under the banner of Duryodhana to fight the Pāṇḍavas. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 195, Verse 7).

2) (ix) Karṇa once subjugated the kingdom of Śibi. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 91, Verse 38).

2) (x) The people of the country in earlier days were illiterate and ignorant. (Karṇa Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 34).

3) Śibi (शिबि).—A King born in the dynasty of Uśīnara. He was present at the wedding of Draupadī. He fought on the side of the Pāṇḍavas in the great war and was killed by Droṇa. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 155, Verse 19). King Śibi had four sons Bhadra, Suvīra, Kekaya and Vṛṣadarbha. (Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha).

4) Śibi (शिबि).—An Indra. There were four sects of Devas called Supāras, Haris, Satyas and Sudhīs in Tāmasa Manvantara, and there were twentyseven Devas in each Sect. Śibi, who performed hundred yajñas then was Indra. (For details see under Manvantaram).

5) Śibi (शिबि).—An ancient Rājarṣi. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu thus:—Brahmā-Atri-Candra-Budha-Purūravas-Āyus-Nahuṣa-Yayāti-Anudruhyu-Sabhānara-Kālanara-Sṛñjaya-Uśīnara-Śibi.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Śibi (शिबि).—A son of Dṛṣadvatī and Uśīnara known for his munificence; Parīkṣit compared to him. Knew the yoga power of Hari;1 father of Vṛṣādarbha and three other sons (ten sons, Matsya-purāṇa); gave up life in service, and attained permanent fame.2 Śivapuram was his capital;3 engaged in a sacrifice with Vasumat, Aṣṭaka and Pratardana when his grandfather Yayāti fell from heaven;4 discoursed with Yayāti about other worlds;5 went to heaven in a golden chariot;6 gifts of, to attain heaven.7

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 12. 20; II. 7. 45; Va. 99. 21-23.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 3-4; VIII. 20. 7; X. 72. 21; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 9-10; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 19-20.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 20-23.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 35. 5; 38. 22; 42. 28; 48. 18.
  • 5) Ib. 42. 6-8.
  • 6) Ib. 42. 14, 26.
  • 7) Ib. 42. 19.

1b) A son of Cākṣuṣa Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 16.

1c) The Indra of the epoch of Tāmasa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 46; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 40; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 17.

1d) A son of Prahlāda.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 6. 9; 35. 5; 245. 31; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 1.

1e) A son of Mādrī and Vṛṣṇi.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 2.

1f) A son of Garga.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 37.

1g) A son of Kuru and Āgneyī.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 6.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śibi (शिबि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.15) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śibi) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Śibī is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.18, I.65, I.61.7) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

One of the Hands of Famous Emperors.—Śibi: Kapittha hand waved forewards.

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Shibi was an ancestor of Rama, born in the Ikshvaku dynasty. He is best known for his devotion to truth and justice. To test his devotion to truth, Indra and Agni took the forms of a hawk and a pigeon respectively and went to his kingdom. The pigeon (Agni) sought refuge with the King, with the hawk in hot pursuit. The King promised the pigeon asylum, and when the hawk demanded that the pigeon be given to him as his natural food, the Shibi tried to satisfy it with the meat of other animals.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Śibi (शिबि) is the name of a king who gave his body to the pigeon (kapota) according to the according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VII).—“In one of his previous lives, the Buddha Śākyamuni was a king named Śibi; this king was reverent (namas), had received refuge (śaraṇa) and was very energetic (vīryavat) and full of loving-kindness (maitrī) and compassion (karuṇā); he considered all beings with the love of a mother for her child”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (Abhidharma)
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Śibi (शिबि) or Sībi is the name of an ancient King, according to the Śibijātaka, as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter L.—Accordingly, “thus king Che-p’i (Sībi), in order to save a pigeon, removed a piece of flesh from his own body to exchange it for the pigeon”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Relevant definitions

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