Acintya: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Acintya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Achintya.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Acintya (अचिन्त्य) refers to “inconceivable”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Sanskrit word for "inconceivable, incomprehensible, unthinkable; surpassing thought, beyond thought"

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Acintya is the supreme god of Indonesian Hinduism, especially on the island of Bali. He is equivalent to the concept of Brahman, and is the Supreme God in traditional wayang (shadow puppet) theatre. He is also known to most modern Balinese as Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa, also Sanghyang Widi Wasa (the "All-In-One God"), a concept introduced by Dang Hyang Dwijendra.

etymology: Acintya, also Atintya (Sanskrit: "the unthinkable", "the inconceivable", "he who cannot be imagined"), also Tunggal (Balinese: "Unity")

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Acintya (अचिन्त्य) refers to five “incomprehensible” things, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLVII.—Accordingly, “there are five incomprehensible (acintya) things, namely: i) the number of beings; ii) the retribution of action (karmavipāka); iii) the power of a person in meditation (dhyāyabala); iv) the power of the Nāgas; v) the power of the Buddha. Of these five incomprehensible things, the power of the Buddha is the most incomprehensible. The Bodhisattva in profound concentrations (gambhīra-samādhi) produces incomprehensible superknowledges (acintya-abhijñā) and by means of them, in a single moment, goes everywhere in the Buddha universes of the ten directions”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

acintya (अचिंत्य).—a S Inconceivable, unimaginable, unfancyable.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

acintya (अचिंत्य).—a Inconceivable.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Acintya (अचिन्त्य).—a. [na. ta.] Inconceivable, incomprehensible, unexpected; °यस्तु तव प्रभावः (yastu tava prabhāvaḥ) R.5.33; °न्त्यरूप, °कर्मन् (ntyarūpa, °karman) of inconceivable form or action.

-ntyaḥ 1 Śiva.

2) Quick-silver (Nighaṇṭuratnākara).

See also (synonyms): acintanīya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Acintya (अचिन्त्य).—nt., a very high number: Mahāvyutpatti 7814; 7946 (here cited from Gaṇḍavyūha); 8047; Sukhāvatīvyūha 31.3; Gaṇḍavyūha 106.24; 134.13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Acintya (अचिन्त्य).—mfn.

(-ntya-ntyā-ntyaṃ) Inconceivable, unimaginable, incomprehensible. E. a neg. cintya conceivable.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Acintya (अचिन्त्य).—[adjective] incomprehensible.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Acintya (अचिन्त्य):—[=a-cintya] [from a-cintā] mfn. inconceivable, surpassing thought, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Śiva.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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