Vasava, aka: Vāsava; 14 Definition(s)


Vasava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Vāsava (वासव, “supreme”) refers to one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.

Vāsava is one of the sixteen words of elā and has a presiding deity named caṇḍikā (the passionate one) defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”), which is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vasava in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

1a) Vāsava (वासव).—Is Indra (s.v.) protects gems in the Kakudmān hill in Śālmalidvīpa: draws water for rain from Jaladhāra mountain in Śākadvīpa;1 overlord of the Maruts: killed the pupils of Sukarman for learning the saṃhitā on forbidden days: set up Vāyu to lead off Sagara's horse to Rasātala;2 son of Aditi, protects Prayāgā;3 gave by a vara two good disciples to Sukarma (s.v.) to pacify his anger at the loss of his pupils.4

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 44; 19. 42 and 86; Matsya-purāṇa 37. 2. and 7; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 22. 6; V. 30. 46.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 36; III. 8. 5; 28. 72; 53. 1; IV. 9. 5 and 19; 13. 30; 20. 49; Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 5.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 104. 9; 134. 6; 244. 38.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 32.

1b) A muhūrta of the after-noon;1 a deva of the Auttama Manu.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 39.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 32; 66. 40.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vāsava (वासव) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.63.30, I.63, I.60.16) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vāsava) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Vāsava (वासव).—The nakṣatra, Dhaniṣṭhā which is presided over by Vasu. Note: Vāsava is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Vāsava (वासव) or Vāsavāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Aṃśumāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Vāsava Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Aṃśumān-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Vāsava (वासव): Name of arrow of death, given by Indra to Karna.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A name of Sakka. S.i.221, 223, 229 30, 234 7; D.ii.260, 274; SN.vs.384; DhA.iii.270; J.i.65, etc.; Cv.xxxvii.151, etc.

Several explanations are given of the title. In the Samyutta Nikaya (S.i.229; cp. DhA.i.264) it is said that when he was a human being, in his previous birth, he gave dwelling places (avasatham adasi) - hence the name.

According to the Digha Nikaya (D.ii.260), however, he is Vasava because he is chief of the Vasu (Vasunam settho), whom Buddhaghosa (DA.ii.690) calls Vasudevata.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Vāsava (वासव) is the name of a king according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIX).—“The A p’o t’o na king (Avadānasūtra) tells the following: Once in Jambudvīpa, there was a king named P’o sa p’o (Vāsava); at the same time, there was a Brahmin-bodhisattva named Wei lo ma (Velāma): he was the king’s teacher (śāstṛ) and he taught him to follow the rule of the noble cakravartin kings”.

Note: The Manoratha does not mention the name of the king of whom Velāma was the chaplain; according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra, he was called Vāsava, a name well known in early legends (cf. Divyāvadāna)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Vāsava (वासव) is the name of a gandharva god according to the Digambara tradition, while the Śvetāmbara does not recognize this. The gandharvas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The gandharvas have a golden appearance according to the Digambaras and the Tumbaru tree is their caitya-vṛkṣa (sacred-tree). They have a blackish complexion and are beautiful in appearance, have excellent physiognomy, sweet voices and are adorned with crowns and neckalces according to the Śvetāmbaras.

The deities such as Vāsava are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Vasava is one of the gōtras (clans) among the Saluppans (the Tamil form of Janappan: a distinct caste developed from the Balijas). These Saluppans seem to have been called Janappan, because they manufactured gunny-bags of hemp (janapa) fibre. In Tamil they are called Saluppa Chettis, Saluppan being the Tamil form of Janappan.

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Vasava in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vāsava : (m.) the king of the gods.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vasavā (वसवा).—m Shadedness, shadiness, screened state from the sun. Ex. divyācyā vasavyānta basūṃ nayē; jhāḍā- cyā vasavyānta kāṃhīṃ hōta nāhīṃ. 2 Applied to the intercepting thing which causes the shade.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vāsava (वासव).—a. (- f.) [वसुरेव स्वार्थे अण् वसूनि सन्त्यस्य अण् वा (vasureva svārthe aṇ vasūni santyasya aṇ vā)]

1) Relating to the Vasus.

2) Belonging to Indra; पाण्डुतां वासवी दिगयासीत् (pāṇḍutāṃ vāsavī digayāsīt) K.; वासवीनां चमूनाम् (vāsavīnāṃ camūnām) Me.45.

-vaḥ Name of Indra; स वासवेनासनसंनिकृष्टमितो निषीदेति विसृष्टभूमिः (sa vāsavenāsanasaṃnikṛṣṭamito niṣīdeti visṛṣṭabhūmiḥ) Ku.3.2; R.5.5.

-vam The constellation Dhaniṣṭhā.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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