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Vasava, aka: Vāsava; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vasava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Vāsava (वासव, “supreme”) refers to one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.

Vāsava is one of the sixteen words of elā and has a presiding deity named caṇḍikā (the passionate one) defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”), which is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).

Source: Wisdom Library: SaṅgītaśiromaṇiNāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Purāṇa

1a) Vāsava (वासव).—Is Indra (s.v.) protects gems in the Kakudmān hill in Śālmalidvīpa: draws water for rain from Jaladhāra mountain in Śākadvīpa;1 overlord of the Maruts: killed the pupils of Sukarman for learning the saṃhitā on forbidden days: set up Vāyu to lead off Sagara's horse to Rasātala;2 son of Aditi, protects Prayāgā;3 gave by a vara two good disciples to Sukarma (s.v.) to pacify his anger at the loss of his pupils.4

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 44; 19. 42 and 86; Matsya-purāṇa 37. 2. and 7; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 22. 6; V. 30. 46.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 36; III. 8. 5; 28. 72; 53. 1; IV. 9. 5 and 19; 13. 30; 20. 49; Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 5.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 104. 9; 134. 6; 244. 38.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 32.

1b) A muhūrta of the after-noon;1 a deva of the Auttama Manu.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 39.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 32; 66. 40.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Vāsava (वासव): Name of arrow of death, given by Indra to Karna.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Pali

vāsava : (m.) the king of the gods.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A name of Sakka. S.i.221, 223, 229 30, 234 7; D.ii.260, 274; SN.vs.384; DhA.iii.270; J.i.65, etc.; Cv.xxxvii.151, etc.

Several explanations are given of the title. In the Samyutta Nikaya (S.i.229; cp. DhA.i.264) it is said that when he was a human being, in his previous birth, he gave dwelling places (avasatham adasi) - hence the name.

According to the Digha Nikaya (D.ii.260), however, he is Vasava because he is chief of the Vasu (Vasunam settho), whom Buddhaghosa (DA.ii.690) calls Vasudevata.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Vāsava (वासव) is the name of a gandharva god according to the Digambara tradition, while the Śvetāmbara does not recognize this. The gandharvas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The gandharvas have a golden appearance according to the Digambaras and the Tumbaru tree is their caitya-vṛkṣa (sacred-tree). They have a blackish complexion and are beautiful in appearance, have excellent physiognomy, sweet voices and are adorned with crowns and neckalces according to the Śvetāmbaras.

The deities such as Vāsava are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

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