Vasava, Vāsava, Vashava, Vāsavā: 23 definitions
Vasava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi
Vāsava (वासव, “supreme”) refers to one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.
Vāsava is one of the sixteen words of elā and has a presiding deity named caṇḍikā (the passionate one) defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”), which is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Vāsava (वासव) is another name for Indra and refers to one of the eight guardians of the quarters, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Śiva said to Sitā:—“[...] the different parts of the mountain Meru seem to be echoing the pleasing sweet sounds of bees etc. which cause the incitement of love of the guardians of the quarters viz. Indra, Kubera, Yama, Varuṇa, Agni, Nirṛti, Marut (Wind) and the Supreme lord (Īśa). Heaven, the abode of the Devas is stationed on the summits of the Meru wherein the cities of the guardians of the quarters are also situated. They are brilliant. Beautiful celestial damsels, Rambhā, Śacī, Menakā and others heighten their glory”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Vāsava (वासव).—Is Indra (s.v.) protects gems in the Kakudmān hill in Śālmalidvīpa: draws water for rain from Jaladhāra mountain in Śākadvīpa;1 overlord of the Maruts: killed the pupils of Sukarman for learning the saṃhitā on forbidden days: set up Vāyu to lead off Sagara's horse to Rasātala;2 son of Aditi, protects Prayāgā;3 gave by a vara two good disciples to Sukarma (s.v.) to pacify his anger at the loss of his pupils.4
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 44; 19. 42 and 86; Matsya-purāṇa 37. 2. and 7; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 22. 6; V. 30. 46.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 36; III. 8. 5; 28. 72; 53. 1; IV. 9. 5 and 19; 13. 30; 20. 49; Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 5.
- 3) Matsya-purāṇa 104. 9; 134. 6; 244. 38.
- 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 32.
Vāsava (वासव) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.63.30, I.63, I.60.16) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vāsava) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Vāsava (वासव).—The nakṣatra, Dhaniṣṭhā which is presided over by Vasu. Note: Vāsava is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Vāsava (वासव) or Vāsavāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Aṃśumāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Vāsava Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Aṃśumān-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Vāsava (वासव): Name of arrow of death, given by Indra to Karna.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
A name of Sakka. S.i.221, 223, 229 30, 234 7; D.ii.260, 274; SN.vs.384; DhA.iii.270; J.i.65, etc.; Cv.xxxvii.151, etc.
Several explanations are given of the title. In the Samyutta Nikaya (S.i.229; cp. DhA.i.264) it is said that when he was a human being, in his previous birth, he gave dwelling places (avasatham adasi) - hence the name.
According to the Digha Nikaya (D.ii.260), however, he is Vasava because he is chief of the Vasu (Vasunam settho), whom Buddhaghosa (DA.ii.690) calls Vasudevata.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Vāsava (वासव) is the name of a king according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIX).—“The A p’o t’o na king (Avadānasūtra) tells the following: Once in Jambudvīpa, there was a king named P’o sa p’o (Vāsava); at the same time, there was a Brahmin-bodhisattva named Wei lo ma (Velāma): he was the king’s teacher (śāstṛ) and he taught him to follow the rule of the noble cakravartin kings”.
Note: The Manoratha does not mention the name of the king of whom Velāma was the chaplain; according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra, he was called Vāsava, a name well known in early legends (cf. Divyāvadāna)
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
1a) Vasava (वसव) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Vasava).
1b) Vāsava (वासव) also refers to a group of deities summoned by the Yamāntaka-mantra and mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.
2) Vāsavā (वासवा) refers to one of the female Śrāvakas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Vāsava (वासव) is the name of a gandharva god according to the Digambara tradition, while the Śvetāmbara does not recognize this. The gandharvas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The gandharvas have a golden appearance according to the Digambaras and the Tumbaru tree is their caitya-vṛkṣa (sacred-tree). They have a blackish complexion and are beautiful in appearance, have excellent physiognomy, sweet voices and are adorned with crowns and neckalces according to the Śvetāmbaras.
The deities such as Vāsava are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1
Vasava is one of the gōtras (clans) among the Saluppans (the Tamil form of Janappan: a distinct caste developed from the Balijas). These Saluppans seem to have been called Janappan, because they manufactured gunny-bags of hemp (janapa) fibre. In Tamil they are called Saluppa Chettis, Saluppan being the Tamil form of Janappan.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
vāsava : (m.) the king of the gods.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vasavā (वसवा).—m Shadedness, shadiness, screened state from the sun. Ex. divyācyā vasavyānta basūṃ nayē; jhāḍā- cyā vasavyānta kāṃhīṃ hōta nāhīṃ. 2 Applied to the intercepting thing which causes the shade.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Vāsava (वासव).—a. (-vī f.) [वसुरेव स्वार्थे अण् वसूनि सन्त्यस्य अण् वा (vasureva svārthe aṇ vasūni santyasya aṇ vā)]
1) Relating to the Vasus.
2) Belonging to Indra; पाण्डुतां वासवी दिगयासीत् (pāṇḍutāṃ vāsavī digayāsīt) K.; वासवीनां चमूनाम् (vāsavīnāṃ camūnām) Me.45.
-vaḥ Name of Indra; स वासवेनासनसंनिकृष्टमितो निषीदेति विसृष्टभूमिः (sa vāsavenāsanasaṃnikṛṣṭamito niṣīdeti visṛṣṭabhūmiḥ) Ku.3.2; R.5.5.
-vam The constellation Dhaniṣṭhā.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Vāsava (वासव).—(1) name of a former Buddha: Mahāvastu iii.233.3; (2) name of an ancient king, previous incarnation of Śaṅkha: Divyāvadāna 62.7 ff.; (3) name of another ancient king, vassal or neighbor of Dīpa: Divyāvadāna 246.13 ff.; (4) name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 20.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-vaḥ) Indra. f. (-vī) The mohter of Vyasa. E. vasu a Vasu, aṇ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vāsava (वासव).—i. e. vasu + a, I. m. Indra,
Vāsava (वासव).—1. [feminine] ī relating to or descended from the Vasus; [masculine] [Epithet] of Indra.
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Vāsava (वासव).—2. [feminine] ī belonging to Indra; [feminine] ī (±diś) his region, the east.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Vāsava (वासव) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. Padyāvalī.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vāśava (वाशव):—m. = vāsava, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) Vāsava (वासव):—mf(ī)n. ([from] 1. vasu) relating or belonging to the Vasus, derived or descended from them etc., [Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Kāṭhaka; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]
3) relating or belonging to (king) Vasu, [Mahābhārata]
4) containing the word vasu [gana] vimuktādi
5) m. Name of Indra (as chief of the Vasus), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
6) a son of (king) Vasu, [Mahābhārata]
7) (with indrasya) Name of a Sāman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] of a poet, [Catalogue(s)]
8) mn. Name of the Nakṣatra Dhaniṣṭhā (presided over by the Vasus), [Sūryasiddhānta]
9) n. Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]
10) mf(ī)n. relating or belonging to Indra, [Kādambarī]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vāsava (वासव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. Indra. f. Mother of Vyāsa.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Vāśava (वाशव):—m. = vāsava [Dvirūpakoṣa] in [Oxforder Handschriften 194,b, No. 449.]
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1) adj. (f. ī) a) von den Vasu stammend, zu den Vasu gehörig u. s. w.: Indra [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 6, 82, 1.] agnirvasubhirvāsavaḥ [Yāska’s Nirukta 12, 41.] die sieben Sonnenrosse (Comm.) [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 1, 6, 12, 2.] [Kāṭhaka-Recension 8, 16.] [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 4, 7, 4] [?(vgl. Ṛgveda 2, 5, 2).] paṅkti [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 17, 6.] — b) das Wort vasu enthaltend gaṇa vimuktādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 2, 61.] — c) vom König Vasu kommend, ihm gehörig: vīrya [Mahābhārata 1, 2389.] — d) Indra (vāsava) gehörig [Pariśiṣṭa des Atharvaveda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 10, 320.] śakti [Mahābhārata 3, 17211. 7, 6331. 7812. 8302.fg.] aśanī [9, 581.] astra [Harivaṃśa 10617.] camū [Meghadūta 44.] —
2) m. a) Bez. Indra's (das Haupt der Vasu gaṇa parśvādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 3, 117]) [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 38.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 171.] [Halāyudha 1, 52. 5, 70.] devānāmasmi vāsavaḥ sagt Kṛṣṇa [Bhagavadgītā 10, 22.] [Mahābhārata 3, 1777. 12047. 4, 1296. 5, 7072. 13, 328.] viṣaye vāsavastasya samyageva pravarṣati [13, 97. 14, 2863.] [Harivaṃśa 261.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 3, 17.] vasavo vāsavaṃ yathā (paryupāsate) [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 7, 5. 40. 7. 46, 20. 62, 26. 2, 25, 8. 40, 10. 63, 2. 4, 25, 34.] [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 58. 5, 5.] [Śākuntala 109. 16.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 9, 39. 17, 21.] [Śākuntala 109, 16.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 11, 76.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 153.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 24, 8.] [Burnouf 131.] [Rgva tch’er rol pa ed. Calc. 313, 10.] — b) ein Sohn des Fürsten Vasu [Mahābhārata 1, 2365.] — c) indrasya vāsavaḥ Name eines Sāman [Weber’s Indische Studien.3,208,a.] — d) Nomen proprium eines Dichters [Verz. d. Tüb. H. 13.] —
3) f. ī a) patron. der Mutter Vyāsa’s, die nach dem [Mahābhārata] von der Apsaras Adrikā, welche als Fisch den Samen des Fürsten Vasu verschluckt hatte, geboren ward, [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 847.] [Mahābhārata 1, 2401.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 4, 14. 6, 38.] sie heisst pitṝṇāṃ mānasī kanyā [Oxforder Handschriften 12,a,24. 47,b,19.] — b) Vāsava’s Energie [Oxforder Handschriften 81,a,42.] —
4) m. n. das unter den Vasu stehende Nakṣatra Dhaniṣṭhā [Sūryasiddhānta 9, 18.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 71, 11.] [WEBER, Nakṣ. 2, 354. fg.] [Jyotiṣa 34.fg.] —
5) vāsavaṃ sāma Name eines Sāman [Chāndogyopaniṣad 2, 24, 3.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+14): Vasavacapa, Vasavachapa, Vasavadatta, Vasavadattakhyayika, Vasavadatteya, Vasavadattika, Vasavadish, Vasavagrama, Vasavagramaka, Vasavagramiyaka, Vasavaja, Vasavaka, Vasavaki, Vasavana, Vasavanesi, Vasavanuga, Vasavanuja, Vasavara, Vasavasa, Vasavasanem.
Full-text (+54): Vasavadish, Vasavasa, Vasavacapa, Vasaveya, Vasavi, Vasavadattakhyayika, Vasavadatta, Vasavadatteya, Vasavagrama, Vasavadattika, Vasavaja, Vasavagramaka, Vasu, Vasaveshvaratirtha, Abharadvasava, Vasavopama, Shriman, Paunarvasava, Amnaya, Vasavavasa.
Search found 29 books and stories containing Vasava, Vāsava, Vasavā, Vashava, Vāśava, Vāsavā; (plurals include: Vasavas, Vāsavas, Vasavās, Vashavas, Vāśavas, Vāsavās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 5: Birth ceremonies of Vāsupūjya < [Chapter II - Vāsupūjyacaritra]
Part 35: Marriage with Priyaṅgusundarī < [Chapter II - Marriages of Vasudeva with maidens]
Part 8: Pārśva’s initiation < [Chapter III - Birth, youth, initiation, and omniscience of Śrī Pārśva]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 155 - A Kṣatriya Addresses His Wife < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Chapter 11 - The Greatness of Vidyādhara Tirtha < [Section 1 - Avantīkṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 44 - Uttareśvara (uttara-īśvara-liṅga) < [Section 2 - Caturaśīti-liṅga-māhātmya]
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section CIV < [Bhagavat-Yana Parva]
Section VI < [Dronabhisheka Parva]
Section CV < [Bhagavat-Yana Parva]
Harivamsha Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter 34 - The Mountains Set Asuras Fighting with the Gods < [Book 3 - Bhavishya Parva]
Chapter 5 - Indra Ravishes Vapusthama: Vishvavasu Pacifies Janamejaya’s Wrath < [Book 3 - Bhavishya Parva]
Chapter 44 - Vishnu Promises Help to the Gods < [Book 3 - Bhavishya Parva]
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Sakka’s Questions and the Buddha’s Answers (prologue) < [Chapter 39 - How the Āṭānāṭiya Paritta came to be Taught]
Chapter 4 - Renunciaton of Sumedha < [Volume 1.1]
The Ramayana of Valmiki (by Hari Prasad Shastri)