Ketu; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ketu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1a) Ketu (केतु).—A son of Ṛṣabha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 4. 10.

1b) One of the 100 sons of Vipracitta and Simhikā besides Rāhu (s.v.).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 23. 7; VI. 6. 37.

1c) A son of Tāmasa Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 1. 27.

1d) A planet with a chariot of 8 horses, all green;1 in size one-fourth less than Bṛhaspati.2 Dhūmaketu, the first among the Ketus.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 90; 24. 136 and 39; Matsya-purāṇa 93. 10; 127. 11; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 82; 111. 5; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 12. 23.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 128. 64.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 111.

1e) A son of Danu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 6. 18.

1f) The second son of Druhyu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 48. 6.

1g) One of the prāṇahinas of the king.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 57. 69.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

One of the Nava-graha (Hands that indicate the Nine Planets).—Ketu: left hand–Sūci, right hand–Ardha-patāka.

(Source): archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Ketu is the body of an Asura, who partook Amrit while disguised as one of the Devas, during the churning of the sea of milk. He was beheaded by Vishnu's discus, with the head becoming Rahu. He is responsible for the eclipses of the moon, which he causes by swallowing Chandra, in revenge for Chandra and Surya's betrayal during the incident mentioned above.

(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Ketu (केतु): Ketu is generally referred to as a "shadow" planet. It has a tremendous impact on human lives and also the whole creation. Astronomically, Ketu and Rahu denote the points of intersection of the paths of the Sun and the Moon as they move on the celestial sphere.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Pali

ketu : (m.) flag; banner.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Ketu, (Vedic ketu, *(s)qait, clear; cp. Lat. caelum (=*caidlom), Ohg heitar, heit; Goth. haidus; E.—hood, orig. appearance, form, like) — 1. ray, beam of light, splendour, effulgence Th. 1, 64; which is a riddle on the various meanings of ketu.—2. flag, banner, sign, perhaps as token of splendour Th. 1, 64. dhamma-k° having the Doctrine as his banner A. I, 109=III, 149; dhūma-k° having smoke as its splendour, of fire, J. IV, 26; VvA. 161 in expln of dhūmasikha.

—kamyatā desire for prominence, self-advertisement (perhaps vainglory, arrogance) Vism. 469; Dhs. 1116 (Dhs. A. trs. 479), 1233=Nd2 505; Nd1 on Sn. 829 (=uṇṇama);— mālā “garland of rays” VvA. 323. (Page 225)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

kētu (केतु).—m (S) The dragon's tail or descending node;--in astronomy, the ninth of the planets;--in mythology, a demon. See rāhu. 2 A banner or flag.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kētu (केतु).—m Name of a demon. The 9th of the planets. A banner or flag. Descending node.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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