Gopati, Go-pati: 12 definitions

Introduction

Gopati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Gopati (गोपति).—A demon. He was a co-worker of another demon named Kālaketu. Śrī Kṛṣṇa killed Gopati on the banks of the river Irāvatī on the mountain Mahendra. (Chapter 38, Sabhā Parva).

2) Gopati (गोपति).—A deva gandharva. He was born to Kaśyapa of his wife Muni. (Śloka 42, Chapter 65, Vana Parva). This gandharva participated in the birthday celebrations of Arjuna. (Śloka 55, Chapter 122, Ādi Parva).

3) Gopati (गोपति).—A son of the celebrated emperor, Śibi. When Paraśurāma killed and made extinct all Kṣatriya kings it was a herd of cows that brought up this child. (Śloka 78, Chapter 49, Śānti Parva).

4) Gopati (गोपति).—A synonym of Śiva used in Śloka 151, Chapter 17 of Anuśāsana Parva

5) Gopati (गोपति).—A synonym of Viṣṇu used in Śloka 66, Chapter 149, of Anuśāsana Parva.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Gopati (गोपति) refers to the “lord of the cows”, and is used to describe Viṣṇu, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.25. Accordingly as Rāma narrated to Satī:—“[...] after conferring thus unlimited prosperity on Viṣṇu, Śiva, the consort of Śivā, freely sported about at Kailāsa along with His attendants. Thenceforth lord of Lakṣmī assumed the guise of a cowherd. The lord of cowherds (gopa), cowherdesses (gopā) and the cows (go) wandered there with pleasure. [...]’”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Gopati (गोपति).—A name of the sun.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 59. 68.

1b) The name of Viṣṇu in Gayā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 52.

1c) Māyā, the Vaiṣṇavī in Gayā worshipped by Rudra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 52.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Gopati (गोपति) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.41, I.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Gopati) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Kathā

Gopati (गोपति) is the name of a householder from the village Dhānyasāra, according to the Udayasundarīkathā. His son is named Saṃvaraka, a ploughman living in the fields near the river Tāpī. Their story is told in Ucchvāsa II when a gardener named Vasantaśīla runs into Saṃvaraka after chasing the parrot Citraśikha from Nandāvaṭa.

The Udayasundarīkathā is a Sanskrit epic tale written by Soḍḍhala in the early 11th century, revolving around the Nāga princess Udayasundarī and Malayavāhana (king of Pratiṣṭhāna).

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Gopati (गोपति) is the name of a deity who received the Cintyāgama from Sudīpta through the mahānsambandha relation, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The cintya-āgama, being part of the ten Śivabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgamas: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Gopati obtained the Cintyāgama from Sudīpta who in turn obtained it from Sadāśiva through parasambandha. Gopati in turn, transmitted it to Ambikā who then, through divya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Cintyāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Gopati Paṇḍita (fl. 1049 AD), the son of Rāmba Paṇḍita, is mentioned in the “Ṭhāṇā plates of Mummuṇirāja”. Accordingly, Gopati Paṇḍita is mentioned amongst fourteen Brāhmaṇas living together, hailing from Karahāṭaka (Karahāṭa), as receiving a gift of several villages. He is associated with the Jāmadagnya-Vatsa gotra (clan)

These copper plates (mentioning Gopati) were discovered in 1956 while digging the ground between the Church and the District Office at Ṭhāṇā, the chief town of the Ṭhāṇā District in Mahārāṣṭra. Its object is to record the grant, by the Śilāhāra Mummuṇirāja, of some villages and lands to learned Brāhmaṇas on the occasion of the lunar eclipse on the fifteenth tithi of the bright fortnight of Phālguna in the Śaka year 970, the cyclic year being Sarvadhārin.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gopati (गोपति).—

1) an owner of cows.

2) a bull.

3) a leader, chief.

4) the sun; नीहारमिव गोपतिः (nīhāramiva gopatiḥ) Bhāg.1.12.1; Mb.1.173.32.

5) Indra; सुराङ्गना गोपतिचापगोपुरं पुरम् (surāṅganā gopaticāpagopuraṃ puram) (jahuḥ) Ki.8.1.

6) Name of Kṛṣṇa.

7) Name of Śiva.

8) Name of Varuṇa; एष पुत्रो महाप्रज्ञो वरुणस्येह गोपतेः (eṣa putro mahāprajño varuṇasyeha gopateḥ) Mb.5.98.11.

9) a king; नासतो विद्यते राजन् स ह्यरण्येषु गोपतिः (nāsato vidyate rājan sa hyaraṇyeṣu gopatiḥ) Mb.12.135.26.

Derivable forms: gopatiḥ (गोपतिः).

Gopati is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and pati (पति).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gopati (गोपति).—m.

(-tiḥ) 1. A name of Siva. 2. Of Indra. 3. The sun. 4. A king. 5. A bull. E. go the earth, &c. pati lord or master.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gopati (गोपति).—m. 1. a bull, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 51, 4. 2. the sun, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 12, 10. 3. a name of Kṛṣṇa (properly the cow-herd ), Mahābhārata 13, 7002. 4. a name of Varuṇa, Śiva, and others.

Gopati is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and pati (पति).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gopati (गोपति):—[=go-pati] [from go] m. (go-) the lord of cowherds, leader, chief (a Name often applied to Indra), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā i, 1]

2) [v.s. ...] a bull, [Mahābhārata xii, 4877; Rāmāyaṇa iii, iv; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] (hence) the medicinal plant Ṛṣabha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] ‘lord of rays’, the sun, [Mahābhārata i, ii, iii; Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] ‘lord of stars’, the moon, [Subhāṣitāvali]

6) [v.s. ...] ‘earth-lord’, a king, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] ‘the chief of herdsmen’, Kṛṣṇa or Viṣṇu, [Mahābhārata xiii, 7002 and 7012; Harivaṃśa 4067]

8) [v.s. ...] ‘lord of waters’, Varuṇa, [Mahābhārata v, 3532 and 3801]

9) [v.s. ...] Śiva, xiii, 1228 [Rāmāyaṇa vii, 16, 23]

10) [v.s. ...] Indra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of a Deva-gandharva (cf. go-pa), [Mahābhārata i, 2550 and 4811]

12) [v.s. ...] of a demon slain by Kṛṣṇa, [Mahābhārata iii, 492; Harivaṃśa 9141]

13) [v.s. ...] of a son of Śibi, [Mahābhārata xii, 1794]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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