Jaya, Jāyā, Jayā: 52 definitions
Jaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Jay.
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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
1) Jaya (जय):—Son of Śruta (son of Subhāṣaṇa). He had a son named Vijaya. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.13.25)
2) Jaya (जय):—One of the six sons of Purūravā (son of Budha) by the womb of Urvaśī. He had a son named Amita. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.15.1-2)
3) Jaya (जय):—Son of Viśvāmitra (son of Gādhi). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.16.36)
4) Jaya (जय):—Son of Sañjaya (son of Prati). He had a son named Kṛta. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.16)
5) Jaya (जय):—Son of Saṅkṛti (son of Jayasena). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.17)
6) Jaya (जय):—One of the five sons of Manyu (son of Vitatha, another name for Bharadvāja). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.1)Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa
Jayā (जया) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Jayā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”
The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
Jayā (जया) is the name of a beautiful damsel (kanyā), with black curly hair and red lips, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 92. Jayā (and other innumerable ladies) arose out of the agitation of Vaiṣṇavī while she was doing penance at Viśālā. For these young women, Vaiṣṇavī created the city Devīpura, containing numerous mansions with golden balconies, crystal stairs and water fountains, with jewelled windows and gardens.
Vaiṣṇavī is the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).
The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Jaya (जय).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 63, Stanza 119). He fought with Arjuna at the time of the stealing of cows. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 54). This Jaya fought with Nīla and Bhīma in the battle of Bhārata. Bhīma killed him. (Droṇa Parva, Chapters 25 and 135).
2) Jaya (जय).—A deva (god). At the time of the burning of the forest Khāṇḍava, this deva came with an iron pestle to fight with Kṛṣṇa and Arjuna. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 226 Stanza 34).
3) Jaya (जय).—A King in ancient India. He sits in the Durbar of Yama (God of death) and worships him. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 3, Stanza 15).
4) Jaya (जय).—A synonym of the Sun. (Mahābhārata Parva, Chapter 3, Stanza 24).
5) Jaya (जय).—The pseudo name taken by Yudhiṣṭhira at the time of the pseudonymity of the Pāṇḍavas in the country of Virāṭa. Bhīma was known as Jayanta, Arjuna by the name Vijaya, Nakula by the name Jayatsena and Sahadeva by the name Jayadbala at that time. (Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 5, Stanza 35). At that time Pāñcālī addressed all her five husbands by the name Jaya. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 23, Stanza 12).
6) Jaya (जय).—A nāga (serpent) born in the family of Kaśyapa. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 103, Stanza 16).
7) Jaya (जय).—A warrior who fought on the side of the Kauravas. It is mentioned in the Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 156, that both Śakuni and this warrior fought with Arjuna.
8) Jaya (जय).—A warrior of the country of Pāñcāla. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Karṇa Parva, Chapter 56, Stanza 44 that this warrior fought on the side of the Pāṇḍavas and that Karṇa wounded him in the battle.
9) Jaya (जय).—One of the attendants given to Subrahmaṇya by Vāsuki, the King of the Nāgas (serpents). Vāsuki gave Subrahmaṇya two attendants named Jaya and Mahājaya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Stanza 52).
10) Jaya (जय).—A synonym of Mahāviṣṇu. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 149, Stanza 67).
11) Jaya (जय).—(jayavijayas) They were gate-keepers of Vaikuṇṭha. As these two sons of devas were engaged in the service of Mahāviṣṇu guarding the gate, the hermits Sanaka and others came to see Mahāviṣṇu to pay him homage. Jaya and Vijaya stopped them at the gate. Sanaka got angry and cursed them to take three births on the earth as Asuras (demons). The sorrowful Jaya and Vijaya requested for absolution from the curse. The hermit said that they had to take three births as Asuras and that they would be redeemed by the weapon of Mahāviṣṇu. Accordingly Jaya and Vijaya were born in the earth as Hiraṇyākṣa and Hiraṇyakaśipu. They were killed by Mahāviṣṇu. In the second birth they were Rāvaṇa and Kuṃbhakarṇa. Mahāviṣṇu incarnated as Śrī Rāma killed them. In the third birth they were Śiśupāla and Dantavaktra. They were killed by Śrī Kṛṣṇa, an incarnation of Bhagavān Viṣṇu. For further details see under Hiraṇyākṣa. Hiraṇyakaśipu, Rāvaṇa; Kuṃbhakarṇa, Śiśupāla and Dantavaktra. After three births Jaya and Vijaya returned to Vaikuṇṭha. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 7).
12) Jaya (जय).—Father of the Rākṣasa (giant) Virādha, who was killed by Śrī Rāma at the forest Daṇḍaka. Virādha was born to the giant Jaya by his wife Śatahradā. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Araṇya Kāṇḍa, Sarga 3).
13) Jaya (जय).—The original name of the Mahābhārata written by Vyāsa, Many of the scholars are of opinion that Vyāsa was not the author of the whole of the Mahābhārata that we see in its present form now. They say that the Bhārata written by Vyāsa consisted only of eight thousand and eight hundred stanzas. That work was named Jaya. To those eight thousand and eight hundred stanzas Vaiśampāyana added fifteen thousand, two hundred stanzas and this great book was given the name Bhārata or Bhārata saṃhitā (Bhārata collection). When Sūta recited this book to other hermits in Naimiśāraṇya the book had a lakh of stanzas. Henceforward the book was called Mahābhārata, (History of classical Sanskrit Literature; Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 62, Stanza 20).
14) Jayā (जया).—A daughter of the hermit Gautama. Gautama had two daughters by his wife Ahalyā named Jayantī and Aparājitā besides Jayā. While Dakṣa was performing a yāga, (sacrifice) this Jayā informed Pārvatī of it. Pārvatī fell down when she heard that Dakṣa had not invited Śiva to the sacrifice. Śiva got angry at Dakṣa’s negligence and from his wrath the Bhūtagaṇas such as Vīrabhadra and others (attendants of Śiva) arose. (Vāmana Purāṇa, Chapter 4).
15) Jayā (जया).—Wife of Puṣpadanta, a gaṇa (attendant of Śiva). See under Puṣpadanta.
16) Jayā (जया).—Another name of Pārvatī. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 6, Stanza 16).
17) Jayā (जया).—A daughter of Dakṣa. Two daughters named Jayā and Suprabhā were born to Dakṣa. To Suprabhā and Jayā fifty sons each were born. These hundred sons wore various kinds of arrows and such other weapons. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Bālakāṇḍa, Sarga 21).
18) Jayā (जया).—A maid of Pārvatī. It is seen in Skanda Purāṇa that this Jayā was the daughter of Prajāpati Kṛśāśva.
19) Jāyā (जाया).—Wife. The husband enters the wife in the form of semen and takes birth as the foetus and then is born from her as son and so the wife is called Jāyā.
"patirbhāryāṃ sampraviśya garbho bhūtveha jāyate / jāyāyāstaddhi jāyātvaṃ yadasyāṃ jāyate punaḥ" // (manusmṛti, chapter 9, stanza 8).
20) Jaya (जय).—The name of an auspicious moment. This has the name Vijayam also. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 6, Stanza 17).
21) Jaya (जय).—The name given to the story of Vidulā. See under Vidulā.Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Jayā (जया) is another name for Śivā: the Goddess-counterpart of Śiva who incarnated first as Satī and then Pārvatī, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“[...] the great goddess Śivā is of the three natures. Śivā became Satī and Śiva married her. At the sacrifice of her father she cast off her body which she did not take again and went back to her own region. Śivā incarnated as Pārvatī at the request of the Devas. It was after performing a severe penance that she could attain Śiva again. Śivā came to be called by various names [such as Jayā,...]. These various names confer worldly pleasures and salvation according to qualities and action. The name Pārvatī is very common.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Jaya (जय).—An attendant in Vaikuṇṭha cursed by Sanaka and others to be born as an Asura. The curse was confirmed by Hari, who, however, consoled him and Vijaya (s.v.). His fall.1 In the Devāsura war with Bali, he attacked Bali's followers.2
1b) A son of Vatsara and Svarvīthi.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 12.
1c) A sage of the epoch of the tenth Manu.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 22; 21. 16.
1d) A son of Purūravas and Ūrvaśī, and father of Amita.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 15. 1-2.
1e) A son of Viśvāmitra.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 16. 36.
1f) A son of Sañjaya and father of Krta.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 16-17; Vāyu-purāṇa 93. 8. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 9. 26.
1g) A son of Samkṛti and a great warrior. With him came to an end the Kṣatravṛddha line. (Burnouf makes Kṣatradharman his son. The term is only an epithet of Jaya).*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 18.
1h) A son of Manyu.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 1.
1i) A son of Yuyudhāna and father of Kuṇi.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 14.
1j) A son of Kanka and Karṇikā.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 44.
1k) A son of Bhadrā.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 17.
1l) A name of Arjuna (Pāṇḍava).*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 72. 47.
1m) A nāga of the fifth or Mahātalam.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 37; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 36.
1n) A Vīkuṇṭha God.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 57.
1o) A son of Jāmbavān.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 302.
1p) A son of Kali and grandson of Varuṇa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 59. 7; Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 7.
1q) A son of Vijaya; father of Haryaśvaka.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 93. 9.
1r) A son of Sṛñjaya, and father of Vijaya.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 8.
1s) A son of Śiṣṭa.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 4. 39.
1t) A son of Bhadrāśva.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 3.
1u) The Vedavyāsa of the 18th dvāpara.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 15.
2a) Jayā (जया).—A mind-born mother.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 13.
2b) A moat equal to 12 oceans.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 70.
2c) A companion of Pārvatī.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 40. 33.
2d) A Varṇa śakti.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 60.
Jaya (जय) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.101.16/V.103, IX.44.48) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Jaya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Jayā (जया):—Sanskrit name of one of the thirty-two female deities of the Somamaṇḍala (second maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. These goddesses are situated on a ring of sixteen petals and represent the thirty-two syllables of the Aghoramantra. Each deity (including Jayā) is small, plump and large-bellied. They can assume any form at will, have sixteen arms each, and are all mounted on a different animal.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Jayā (जया, “victory”):—Name of one of the goddesses to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva (“The truth concerning Durgā’s ritual”). They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.
Her mantra is as follows:
Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
ह्रीं ओं जयायै नमः
hrīṃ oṃ jayāyai namaḥ
Jayā (जया, “victory”):—One of the names attributed to Devī, as chanted by the Vedas in their hymns, who were at the time incarnated in their personified forms. See the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa chapter 5.51-68, called “the narrative of Hayagrīva”.Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)
Jayā (जया) or Jayātantra refers to one of the twenty-three Vāmatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Jayā-tantra belonging to the Vāma class.Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha
Jayā (जया) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Jayā] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala
Jayā (जया) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Jayā]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Jaya (जय):—One of the eight gatekeepers who are said to embody the eight siddhis (‘yogic powers’).
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
1) Jayā (जया) is the wife of Puṣpadanta, a subordinate of Śiva, who overheard him narrating the adventures of the seven Vidyādharas to Pārvatī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara. Initially, he was denied entrance by Nandin, but through his magic power, became invisible, sneaked inside and overheard the story. Puṣpadanta narrated the story to his wife Jayā, who in turn, recited it in the presence of Pārvatī. She caused Puṣpadanta to be summoned and cursed him, together with Mālyavān (a gaṇa, who intervened and recommended for mercy) to become mortals.
2) Jayā (जया) is one of the epithets of Durgā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 53. Accordingly, as Vīravara praised Durgā: “... thou art the principle of life in creatures; by thee this world moves. In the beginning of creation Śiva beheld thee self-produced, blazing and illuminating the world with brightness hard to behold, like ten million orbs of fiery suddenly produced infant suns rising at once, filling the whole horizon with the circle of thy arms, bearing a sword, a club, a bow, arrows and a spear. And thou wast praised by that god Śiva in the following words ... [Jayā, etc...]”.
Also, “... when Skanda, and Vasiṣṭha, and Brahmā, and the others heard thee praised, under these [eg., Jayā] and other titles, by Śiva well skilled in praising, they also praised thee. And by praising thee, O adorable one, immortals, Ṛṣis and men obtained, and do now obtain, boons above their desire. ”
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Jayā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study
Jāyā (जाया) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) [defined as उ.उ.उ.इ] of the Upajāti type as employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—We find ten examples of Jāyā variety of Upajāti metre in the Bhīṣmacarita. The example of it is verse IV.13. [...] The other examples are as follows: IV.21, IV.40, X.10, X.11, X.44, XI.5, XI.34, XIV.10 and XIV.36.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi
Jayā (जया) refers to “the victorious one” and is the presiding deity of suśobhī (‘very brilliant’), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Suśobhī represents one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha). Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.
Jayā is one of the sixteen deities presiding over the corresponding sixteen words of the elā-prabandha, all of which are defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”): a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Jayā (जया) is the name of a meter belonging to the Pratiṣṭhā or Supratiṣṭhā class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of four syllables two pairs of short and long syllables (i.e. short followed by a long one) is jayā”.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas
Jaya (जय) refers to the twenty-eighth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native who is born in the ‘samvastsara’ of ‘jaya’ is the doer of ‘shastrartha’ (doctrinal debate and discussion) on the subject of ‘Shastras’ with the learned persons (learned in religion), is honoured in the world, is bountiful and generous, destroyer of the enemies, has a longing or desire of getting victory, is engrossed in worldly or sensual enjoyment and is very resplendent or shining.
According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year jaya (2014-2015 AD) will be either a king or like a king.Source: academia.edu: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa
Jayā (जया) or Jayatithi is the name of the thirteenth of fifteen tithis (cycle of time) according to both the Gārgīyajyotiṣa and the Śārdūlakarṇāvadāna. The associated deity for Jayā according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā is Kāma. A tithi was defined as one thirtieth of a synodic month (c. 29.5 days), resulting in an average tithi being slightly less than a day.
Accordingly, “(35) The thirteenth tithi is called Jayā. One should make houses, buildings, clothes, garlands, decoration and colorful ornaments. (36) One should please women and even choose a bride. One should make a maṇḍala and perform fasting (upavasana). One should know Kāma as the deity on this tithi”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style
Jaya (जय) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Jaya (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a peacock. A viṇā is in his tight hand and a fruit in his raised left band.
The illustrations (of, for example Jaya) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā
Jayā (जया) refers to the sixth of twenty-six ekādaśīs according to the Garga-saṃhitā 4.8.9. Accordingly, “to attain Lord Kṛṣṇa’s mercy you should follow the vow of fasting on ekādaśī. In that way You will make Lord Kṛṣṇa into your submissive servant. Of this there is no doubt”. A person who chants the names of these twenty-six ekādaśīs (e.g., Jayā) attains the result of following ekādaśī for one year.Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition
Jaya (जय) is the twenty-eighth of sixty years (saṃvatsara) in the Vedic lunar calendar according to the Arcana-dīpikā by Vāmana Mahārāja (cf. Appendix).—Accordingl, There are sixty different names for each year in the Vedic lunar calendar, which begins on the new moon day (Amāvasyā) after the appearance day of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu (Gaura-pūrṇimā), in February or March. The Vedic year [viz., Jaya], therefore, does not correspond exactly with the Christian solar calendar year.Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam
Jaya (जय) refers to:—(And Vijaya) Two gatekeepers of Vaikuṇṭha, who were cursed due to offending the four Kumāras, and who then took three births in the material world as great demons: Hiraṇyakaśipu and Hiraṇyākṣa in Satya-yuga, Rāvaṇa and Kumbhakarṇa in Tretāyuga, and Śiśupāla and Dantavakra at the end of Dvāpara-yuga. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Jayā (जया) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Vilāsinī in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
1) Jayā (जया) is another name for Kapikacchu, a medicinal plant identified with Mucuna pruriens (velvet bean or cowhage or cowitch) from the Fabaceae or “bean family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.50-53 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Jayā and Kapikacchu, there are a total of twenty-six Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
2) Jayā (जया) is another name for Jayantī, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Sesbania sesban (Linn.) Merr. (or ‘Egyptian riverhemp’), according to verse 4.131-132. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Note: Bāpālāl accepting the Sesbania species, suggests differently as Sesbania aegyptiaca Pers. of Papilionaceae sub order. Together with the names Jayā and Jayantī, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Jāyā (जाया) regularly denotes ‘wife’, and, as opposed to Patni, wife as an object of marital affection, the source of the continuance of the race. So it is used of the wife of the gambler, and of the wife of the Brāhmaṇa in the Rigveda; it is also frequently combined with Pati, ‘husband’, both there and in the later literature. Patnī, on the other hand, is used to denote the wife as partner in the sacrifice; when no share in it is assigned to her, she is called Jāyā. The distinction is, of course, merely relative; hence one text calls Manu’s wife Jāyā, another Patnī. Later on Jāyā is superseded by Dāra.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Jaya (जय): A son of King Dhritarashtra, who was killed by Bhima in the war
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
1) Jayā (जया) is the name of Dūtī (i.e., messengers of Lord Vajrapāṇi) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Jayā).
2) Jayā (जया) is also the name of a Yakṣiṇī mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography
Jayā (जया) is one of the twenty-four Goddesses surrounding Buddhakapāla in the buddhakapālamaṇḍala, according to the 5th-century Sādhanamālā (a collection of sādhana texts that contain detailed instructions for rituals).—Buddhakapāla refers to one of the various emanations of Akṣobhya and the sādhana says that when Heruka is embraced by Citrasenā he gets the name of Buddhakapāla.—Jayā stands in the west of the middle circle. She has a blue colour two arms, one face, ornaments of bones, brown hair rising upwards but no garlands of heads. She carries the kapāla in the left and the kartri in the right, and dances in the ardhaparyaṅka attitude.Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)
Jayā (जया) refers to one the twenty-four Horā (astronomical) Goddess to be invoked during pūjā (ritual offering) in Tantric Buddhism, according to the 9th-century Vajraḍākatantra chapter 18.61-74. [...] A Yogin, putting a vessel in the left side of him, offers various things together with raw flesh, fish, immortal nectar (pañcāmṛta). Then the Yogin invites Goddesses to please them with nectar—five Ḍākinīs and twenty-four Goddesses [viz., Jayā] come to the Yogin’s place, forming a maṇḍala.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Jayā (जया) is the mother of Vāsupūjya according to Śvetāmbara (but she is named Vijayā according to Digambara), according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). Vāsupūjya is the twelfth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism. A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.
The husband of Jayā is Vasupūjya. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Jaya (जय) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Jaya] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
1) Jaya (जय), the son of Vaprā and Vijaya, is one of the Cakrins (Cakravartins), according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly: “[...] In Bharata there will be twenty-three other Arhats and eleven other Cakrins. [...] The Cakrins will belong to the gotra of Kaśyapa, gold-color, and eight of them will go to mokṣa. [...] In Rājagṛha, Jaya will be the son of Vaprā and Vijaya, twelve bows tall, living for three thousand years, between Nami and Nemi”.
2) Jayā (जया) is the wife of king Vasupūjya, according to chapter 4.2 [vāsupūjya-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly:—“[...] The king there was named Vasupūjya, a member of the Ikṣvāku-family, like Vāsava in strength, like the sun (vasu) in brilliance. [...] His chief-queen, an object of delight, was named Jayā, victorious over love and beauty, the haṃsī to the pool of her family. She, who was deep and had a slow, winding gait like the Jāhnavī, entered Vasupūjya’s mind which was deep as the Eastern Ocean. [...]”.Source: HereNow4U: Lord Śrī Pārśvanātha
Jaya (जय).—Jaya and Vijaya:—Both of them were residents of Śrāvastī and were brothers. Both loved each other. Once they dreamt that they have a very short life. Feeling disenchanted with life, they came to the Lord to accept mendicancy and taking initiation, became Gaṇadharas.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Jayā.—(IA 23), hemp. (EI 12), name of a tithi. Note: jayā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Piotr Balcerowicz: Royal Patronage of Jainism
Jaya (जय) or Jayanāma is the name of one of the sixteen Jain Ācāryas (teachers) mentioned in the inscription of Pārśvanātha Bastī (which was engraved in 522 Śaka era, i.e. Vikram 657 years and 1127 V.N.).—Accordingly, “[...] when a calamity in Ujjayinī lasting for a twelve-year period was foretold by Bhadrabāhu-svāmin, who comes from an impeccable old race which is a lineage of great men coming in succession within the lineage of teachers [viz., Jaya], and who possesses the knowledge of the truth of the Great Omens (mahānimitta) in eight parts (canonical books, aṅga), who sees the three times (past, present and future), after he had seen it with the help of the omens, the whole congregation [of Jaina monks] set out from the northern region towards the southern region. Gradually, they [viz., Jaya] reached a locality of several hundred villages, full of happy people, riches, gold, grain, herds of cows, buffaloes, goats and sheep. [...]”.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
jaya : (m.) victory; conquest. || jāyā (f.) wife.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Jāyā, (f.) (from jan) wife Vin. II, 259=264; J. IV, 285.
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Jayā, f. (Vedic jāyā) wife only in cpd. jayampatikā, the lady of the house and her husband, the two heads of the household. That the wife should be put first might seem suggestive of the matriarchate, but the expression means just simply “the pair of them, ” and the context has never anything to do with the matriarchate. ‹-› husband & wife, a married couple S. II, 98; J. I, 347; IV, 70, of birds. See also jāyampatikā. (Page 279)
— or —
Jaya, (see jayati) vanquishing, overcoming, victory D. I, 10; Sn. 681; J. II, 406; opp. parājaya Vism. 401.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
jaya (जय).—m (S) Conquest, victory, triumph. 2 It is prefixed, with or without reduplication, to the names of the gods in invocations. Ex. jayaviṭhōbā, jayarāmacandra, jayadēvā. jaya karaṇēṃ g. of o. To defeat or conquer. jayāṃ or jayāsa jāṇēṃ To prosper or be successful--efforts, measures, conduct.
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jayā (जया).—f S A common term for the third, eighth, and thirteenth lunar days of either half month.
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jāyā (जाया).—f (S) A wife, the wife of.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
jaya (जय).—m Conquest, victory, triumph; success.
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jāyā (जाया).—f A wife, the wife of.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Jayā (जया).—f. The name of a magical lore (often mentioned with vijayā) taught by Viśvāmitra to Rāma, विद्यामथैनं विजयां जयां च (vidyāmathainaṃ vijayāṃ jayāṃ ca) Bk.2.21.
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Jāyā (जाया).—A wife. (The word is thus derived-patirbhāryāṃ saṃpraviśya garbho bhūtveha jāyate | jāyāyāstaddhi jāyātvaṃ yadasyāṃ jāyate punaḥ || Ms.9.8; see also Malli. on R.2.1.) As last member of Bah. comp. जाया (jāyā) is changed to जानि (jāni); सीताजानिः (sītājāniḥ) 'one who has Sītā for his wife'; so युवजानिः, मामार्धजानिः (yuvajāniḥ, māmārdhajāniḥ)
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Jaya (जय).—[ji bhāve ac]
1) Conquest, triumph, victory, success, winning (in battle, game or a law-suit); सप्त वित्तागमा धर्म्या दायो लाभः क्रयो जयः (sapta vittāgamā dharmyā dāyo lābhaḥ krayo jayaḥ) Mb.1.115.
2) Restraint, curbing, conquest as in इन्द्रियजय (indriyajaya).
3) Name of the sun.
4) Name of Jayanta, son of Indra; जगृहे च धनुधीता मुसलं तु जयस्तथा (jagṛhe ca dhanudhītā musalaṃ tu jayastathā) Mb.1.227.34.
5) Name of Yudhiṣṭhira, the first Pāndava prince.
6) Name of an attendant of Visnu.
7) An epithet of Arjuna; संस्मरन् भ्रातरं जयम् (saṃsmaran bhrātaraṃ jayam) Mb.3.158.2.
8) Name of the Mahābhārata; देवीं सरस्वतीं चैव ततो जयमुदीरयेत् (devīṃ sarasvatīṃ caiva tato jayamudīrayet) Mb.1.1.1; Bhāg.1.2.4;
9) The heroic sentiment; सहजेतरौ जयशमौ दधती (sahajetarau jayaśamau dadhatī) Ki.6.22.
1) Words of victory; जयेन वर्धयित्वा च मारीचप्रमुखास्ततः (jayena vardhayitvā ca mārīcapramukhāstataḥ) Rām.7.23.3.
-yā 1 Name of Durgā.
2) Name of an attendant of the goddess Durgā.
3) A kind of banner.
4) The third, eighth or thirteenth lunar days of any of the two lunar fortnights.
Derivable forms: jayaḥ (जयः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Jaya (जय).—(1) nt. (otherwise recorded only as m.), victory: yadi no jayaṃ syāt Lalitavistara 304.14 (verse); no v.l.; (2) m., name of a youth, previous incarnation of Aśoka: Divyāvadāna 366.7, 9.
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Jayā (जया).—name of one of the four Kumārī, q.v., or Bhaginī: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 537.7; 539.7, et alibi; probably the same a yakṣiṇī, (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 573.14; 574.4.
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Jāyā (जाया).—name of a lokadhātu: Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 37.5.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-yaḥ) 1. Conquest, victory, triumph. 2. A name of YuDhish- T'Hira. 3. A proper name, the son of Indra. 4. One of Vishnu'S door keepers. 5. The name of a king; also vijayanandana. 6. A kind of Mung or bean, (Phaseolus mungo.) f.
(-yā) 1. A name of the goddess Parvati. 2. One of her female companions. 3. The 3rd, 8th, or 13th lunar day of either half month. 4. Yellow myrobalan, (Terminalia chebula.) 5. A plant: see jayantī. 6. A tree, commonly Ganiyari, (Premna spinosa.) 7. Hemp, (Cannabis sativa.) 8. A banner, a flag. E. ji to conquer or exel, affixes bhāve ac and ṭāp.
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Jaya (जय) or Jayya.—mfn.
(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Able to conquer, victorious. E. ji to subdue, affix yat, deriv. irr. jetuṃ śakyaḥ .
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(-yā) A wife, one wedded according to the perfect ritual. E. jan to be born, affix yak; in whom a man is again born, that is to say, he is re-born in his children. jāyate asyām .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jaya (जय).—i. e. ji + a, I. latter part of comp. adj. Conquering. Ii. m. 1. Victory, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 183. 2. Conquest, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 19, 22. 3. Resigning, resignation, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 28, 5. 4. A name of the sun, Mahābhārata 3, 154. 5. A proper name, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 13, 22. Iii. f. yā, A name of Durgā, Mahābhārata 4, 194.
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Jāyā (जाया).—i. e. jan + yā, f. A spouse, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 8.
— Cf. [Latin] gaja.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jaya (जय).—1. [adjective] conquering, winning (—°); [plural] cert. verses or formulas causing victory.
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Jaya (जय).—2. [masculine] conquest, victory, gain.
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Jāyā (जाया).—[feminine] wife, consort; [abstract] jāyātva [neuter]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Jaya (जय) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—pupil of Haradatta: Suparṇādhyāyabhāṣya.
2) Jayā (जया):—from the Nāradapañcarātra. Peters. 6, 492. Quoted by Utpala in Spandapradīpikā.
Jayā has the following synonyms: Jayākhyasaṃhitā.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Jaya (जय):—mfn. (√ji) ifc. conquering, winning See ṛtaṃ-, kṛtaṃ-, dhanaṃ-jaya, puraṃ-, śalruṃ-
2) m. ([Pāṇini 3-3, 56; Kāśikā-vṛtti]) conquest, victory, triumph, winning, being victorious (in battle or in playing with dice or in a lawsuit), [Atharva-veda vii, 50, 8; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa vi; Manu-smṛti vii] (indriyāṇāṃj victory over or restraint of the senses) and, [x; Mahābhārata]; etc.
3) cf. ātma-, prāṇa-, rug-
4) m. [plural] ([paroxytone]) Name of particular verses causing victory (personified as deities, [Vāyu-purāṇa ii, 6, 4 ff.]), [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā i, 4, 14; Taittirīya-saṃhitā iii; Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra i, 5; Nyāyamālā-vistara iii, 4, 24]
5) m. sg. Premna spinosa or longifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) a yellow variety of Phaseolus Mungo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) Name of the 3rd year of the 6th lustrum of the Bṛhaspati cycle, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā viii, 38]
8) a kind of flute
9) (in music) a kind of measure
10) the sun, [Mahābhārata iii, 154]
11) Arjuna (son of Pāṇḍu), [266, 7 and iv, 5, 35]
12) Indra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) Name of a Ṛṣi (author of [Ṛg-veda x, 180]; son of Aṅgiras [Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā] or of Indra; living under the 10th Manu, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa viii, 13, 22])
14) of a spirit, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā.liii, 48; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi i, 9, 149 and 172]
15) of an attendant of Viṣṇu, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 16, 2]
16) of a Nāga, [Mahābhārata v, 3632; ix, 2554]
17) of a Dānava, [Harivaṃśa 13093]
18) of a son (of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata i, vii]; of Sṛñjaya, [Harivaṃśa 1514]; of Suśruta, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa iv, 5, 12]; of Sruta, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 13, 25]; of Saṃjaya, [17, 16]; of Saṃkṛti, ; of Mañju, [21, 1]; of Yuyudhāna, [24, 13]; of Kaṅka, ; of Kṛṣṇa, [x, 61, 17]; of Vatsara by Svar-vīthi, [iv, 13, 12]; of Viśvāmitra, [Harivaṃśa 1462; Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 16, 36]; of Purūravas by Urvaśī, [15, 1 f.])
19) of an ancient king (11th Cakravartin in Bhārata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]), [Mahābhārata ii, 326]
20) of a Pāṇḍava hero, [vii, 6911]
21) of Yudhiṣṭhira at Virāṭa’s court, iv, 176
22) of Aśoka in a former birth, [Divyāvadāna xxvi, 336 f.]
23) of a carpenter, [Rājataraṅgiṇī iii, 351]
24) Jayā (जया):—[from jaya] a f. Sesbania aegyptiaca, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
25) [v.s. ...] Premna spinosa or longifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
26) [v.s. ...] Terminalia Chebula, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
27) [v.s. ...] nīla-dūrvā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
28) [v.s. ...] for japā, [Kathāsaritsāgara lxvii, 32]
29) [v.s. ...] Name of a narcotic substance, [Horace H. Wilson]
30) [v.s. ...] the 3rd or 8th or 13th day of either half-month, [Sūryaprajñapti]; cf. [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi i, 3, 360 and; Nirṇayasindhu i, 391/392]
31) [v.s. ...] one of the 7 flag-sticks of Indra’s banner, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xliii, 40]
32) [v.s. ...] Name of the saurā dharmāḥ, [Bhaviṣya-purāṇa, khaṇḍa 1 & 2: bhaviṣya-purāṇa & bhaviṣyottara-purāṇa i]
33) [v.s. ...] of Durgā, [Mahābhārata iv, vi; Harivaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara liii, 170]
34) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Dakṣa (wife of Śiva, [Matsya-purāṇa xiii, 32] ; tutelary deity of the Ārtabhāgas, [Brahma-purāṇa ii, 18, 19]), [Rāmāyaṇa i, 23, 14]
35) [v.s. ...] of a Yoginī, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi ii, 1, 694] ([varia lectio] layā)
36) [v.s. ...] of a Śakti, [i, 5, 200]
37) [v.s. ...] of a handmaid of Durgā (wife of Puṣpa-danta, [Kathāsaritsāgara i, 52; vii, 107]; of Hariś-candra, [Śiva-purāṇa])
38) [v.s. ...] (= tārā) Name of a, [Buddhist literature] deity, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
39) [v.s. ...] of the mother of the 12th Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
40) [from jaya] b f. of ya q.v.
41) Jāyā (जाया):—[from jāyamāna] a f. ‘bringing forth (cf. [Manu-smṛti ix, 8])’, a wife, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.
42) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) the 7th lunar mansion, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka; Laghujātaka, by Varāha-mihira i, 15.]
43) b See above.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Jaya (जय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. Conquest, victory; a proper name; a bean. f. Durgā; a tree; hemp; a flag.
2) [(yyaḥ-yyā-yyaṃ) a.] Able to conquer.
3) Jāyā (जाया):—(yā) 1. f. A wife.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Jaya (जय):—(von ji)
1) adj. f. ā am Ende eines comp. gewinnend, besiegend; s. kṛtaṃjaya, dhanaṃ, puraṃ, śataṃjayā, śatruṃ . —
2) m. a) oxyt. Sieg, Besiegung, Gewinn, das Gewinnen (im Kampf, Spiel, Streit, Process) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 56,] [Scholiast] [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 78. 3, 3, 12.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 803.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 360.] [Medinīkoṣa y. 24.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 7, 50, 8.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 6, 7, 3, 5.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 183. 197. 10, 115.] [Nalopākhyāna 14, 19.] [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 57.] [Pañcatantra I, 236.] jayakṛt Sieg verleihend [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 43 (34), 20. 62, 2. 87, 25. 93, 13.] jayagata siegend, siegreich [17, 12.] jayada Sieg verleihend [17, 18. 42 (43), 27.] pratyarthino dattajayaiḥ [Rājataraṅgiṇī 6, 25.] jayaparājayam [Dhūrtasamāgama 92, 2.] [Pañcatantra 167, 4] (wo so zu lesen ist). ādityasya das Gewinnen, Erlangung der Sonne [Chāndogyopaniṣad 2, 10, 6.] dyu [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 19, 22.] kalpāyuṣāṃ sthānajayātpunarbhavātkṣaṇāyuṣāṃ bhāratabhūjayo varam [23.] indriyāṇāṃ Sieg über die Sinne, Bezähmung der Sinne [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 44.] kāmakrodha [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 64, 12.] ātma Selbstbesiegung [Brahmapurāṇa 58, 9.] ein Sieg den man selbst davonträgt [Nalopākhyāna 26, 11.] jayakāle tu sattvasya als das wahre Wesen die Oberhand hatte [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 7, 1, 8.] sadāsana das Ueberwinden eines bequemen Sitzes so v. a. schmerzloses Entsagen [3, 28, 5.] prāṇa ebend. rugjaya Heilung einer Krankheit [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 8, 103.] — b) ein zum Sieg helfender Spruch [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 1, 5.] Dieses ist viell. das jayaḥ karaṇam [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 1, 202.] — c) Name zweier Pflanzen: α) Premna spinosa oder longifolia [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 47] (v. l. jayā). — β) eine gelbe Varietät von Phaseolus Mungo Lin. [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1172.] — d) N. des dritten Jahres im 6ten Lustrum des Jupitercyclus [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 8, 38.] — e) Beiname der Sonne [Mahābhārata 3, 154.] Indra's [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 30.] — pl. eine Klasse von Göttern [Vāyupurāṇa] in [Oxforder Handschriften 56,b.] — Nomen proprium des Sohnes von Indra (vgl. jayanta) [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 175.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] āṅgirasa (aindra) [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 217.] — āpo nāmaiśāne koṇe hautāśane ca sāvitraḥ . jaya (eine Gottheit, aber nicht = jayanta, da dieser schon früher aufgeführt wird) iti ca nairṛte rudraścānile bhyantarapadeṣu (vāstupuruṣasya) [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 52, 48.] — Nomen proprium eines Dieners von Viṣṇu [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 16, 2.] eines Nāga [Mahābhārata 5, 3632. 9, 2554.] eines Dānava [Harivaṃśa 13093.] eines Ṛṣi unter dem 10ten Manu [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 13, 22.] eines Sohnes Vatsara's von der Svarvīthi [4, 13, 12.] Viśvāmitra’s [9, 16, 36.] [Harivaṃśa 1462.] Purūravas' und der Urvaśi [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 15, 1. 2.] Nomen proprium eines alten Königs [Mahābhārata 2, 326.] des 11 ten Cakravartin in Bhārata [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 694.] eines Helden auf Seiten der Pāṇḍu [Mahābhārata 7, 6911.] ein angenommener Name des Yudhiṣṭhira [?4, 176 (?). Medinīkoṣa] = dhanaṃjaya = arjuna [Duaupadīpramātha 3, 7.] [Mahābhārata 14, 2376. 2424.] Nomen proprium eines Sohnes Dhṛtarāṣṭra’s [1, 2448. 7, 5564. 6851.] Sṛñjaya’s [Harivaṃśa 1514.] Suśruta’s [Viṣṇupurāṇa 390.] Śruta’s [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 13, 25.] Saṃjaya’s [17, 16.] Saṃkṛti’s [18.] Manyu's [21, 1.] Yuyudhāna’s [24, 13.] Kaṅka’s [43.] = aśoka in einer früheren Geburt [Burnouf 377. 399.] Nomen proprium eines Zimmermanns [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 351.] —
3) f. ā a) Name verschiedener Pflanzen: α) = jayantī Sesbania aegyptiaca Pers. [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 46.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — β) Premna spinosa oder longifolia [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 47, v. l.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — γ) Terminalia Chebula Roxb. [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — δ) = nīladūrvā [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — ε) = śāntā ebend. — ζ) = vijayā ebend. Unter vijayā (= mādakadravyaviśeṣa, vulg. bhāḍ, siddhi; letzteres nach [HAUGHT.] a sort of leaves of a narcotic quality) wird jayā nach [Śabdacandrikā] als Synonym aufgeführt. — [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 27, 14.] — b) der 3te, 8te und 13te Tag in einer Monatshälfte [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — c) Beiname der Durgā [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 47.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Mahābhārata 4, 194. 6, 798.] [Harivaṃśa 3271. 9426.] Nomen proprium einer Tochter Dakṣa’s [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 23, 14.] und Gemahlin Śiva’s [Matsyapurāṇa] in [Oxforder Handschriften 39,b,3.] die Schutzgottheit der Ārtabhāga [Brahmapurāṇa] ebend. [19,a,31.] Nomen proprium einer vertrauten Dienerin der Durgā (Pārvatī) und Gemahlin Puṣpadanta’s [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 205.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Kathāsaritsāgara 1, 52. 7, 107.] = tārā (vgl. jayādevī) Nomen proprium einer buddh. Göttin [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 18.] Nomen proprium der Mutter des 12 ten Arhant's der gegenwärtigen Avasarpiṇi [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 40.] — d) Name einer der 7 Kumārī an der Fahne des Indra [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 42 (43), 40.] Daher wohl jayā = patākāviśeṣa [Yuktikalpataru im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. ajaya .
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1) vgl. ṛtaṃjaya . —
2) b) [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 3, 4, 4, 1.] Bez. der saurā dharmāḥ [Oxforder Handschriften 30,b,18.] — e) angeblicher Verfasser von [Ṛgveda 10, 180.] ein Sohn Kṛṣṇa’s [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 61, 17.] —
3) a) puṣpa [Kathāsaritsāgara 67, 32] fehlerhaft für japāpuṣpa . — b) [Weber’s Indische Studien 10, 297.] — c) Beiname der Durgā [Kathāsaritsāgara 53, 170.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) Adj. am Ende eines Comp. ersiegend , erbeutend , gewinnend , besiegend. —
2) m. — a) oxyt. Gewinn , Gewinnung , Sieg , Besiegung (im Kampf , Spiel , Streit , Process). — b) Parox. Pl. best. zum Sieg verhelfende Sprüche (als Gottheiten personificirt [Aufrecht 56,] — b) [Jaiminiyanyāyamālāvistara 3,4,24.] [Maitrāyaṇi 1,4,14.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 3,4,4,1.6,1,2.] Nom.abstr. jayatva n. [ebend.] — c) *Premna spinosa oder longifolia. — d) *eine gelbe Varietät von Phaseolus Mungo. — e) das dritte Jahr im 6ten Lustrum des Jupitercyclus. — f) eine Art Flöte S.s.S. 196. — g) ein best. Tact [Saṃgitasārasaṃgraha 208.] — h) Beiname — α) der Sonne. — β) *Indra's. — γ) Arjuna’s (des Pāṇḍu-Sohnes) [Mahābhārata 3,266,7.4,5,35.] — i) Nomen proprium — α) eines Genius [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhatsaṃhitā 53,48.] [Hemādri’s Caturvargacintāmaṇi 1,652,5.654,23.] — β) eines Sohnes des Indra. — γ) eines Dieners des Viṣnu. — δ) eines Schlangendämons. — ε) eines Dānava. — ζ) verschiedener Männer. —
3) f. ā — a) Bez. verschiedener Pflanzen. Nach den Lexicographen: Sesbania aegyptiaca , Premna spinosa oder longifolia , Terminalia Chebula und = nīladūrvā. Auch mit japā verwechselt. — b) *ein best. berauschender Stoff. — c) Bez. bestimmter Tage [Hemādri’s Caturvargacintāmaṇi 1,63,4.] — d) Bez. eines der sieben kleinen Flaggenstöcke neben Indra’s Banner. — e) Bez. der saurā dharmāḥ [Aufrecht 30,b,18.] — f) Beiname der Durgā. — g) Nomen proprium — α) verschiedener göttlicher Wesen. — β) einer Yoginī [Hemādri’s Caturvargacintāmaṇi 2,a.94,11.] layā v.l. — γ) einer Śakti [Hemādri’s Caturvargacintāmaṇi 1,198,5.] — δ) eines vertrauten Dienerin der Durgā und Gattin Puṣpadanta's. — ε) *der Mutter des 12ten Arhant’s der gegenwärtigen Avasarpiṇī.
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Jāyā (जाया):—f. —
1) Eheweib. jāyāpatī Nom. Du. m. Mann und Weib [Kapiṣṭhalakaṭhasaṃhita 4,3.] Nom.abstr. jāyātva n. —
2) das 7te astrol. Haus.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
1) Jaya (जय) [Also spelled jay]:—(nf) conquest, victory; triumph; (a) used as a suffix in compound words meaning, one who has achieved a victory or has triumphed over (e.g. [mṛtyuṃjaya, dhanaṃjaya,] etc). (int) bravo ! hurrah ! ; ~[ghoṣa] applause, applausive shouts, cheering approbation; ~[dhvaja] banner of victory; ~[dhvani] see ~[ghoṣa; -parājaya] victory and defeat; ~[māla/mālā] a bay, garland symbolic of triumph; garland put by the bride round the neck of the bridegroom; ~[lakṣmī/śrī] victory.
2) Jāyā (जाया):—(nf) spouse, wife; (a) born (of).
3) (a) waste, ruined; —[karanā] to waste, to ruin; —[jānā] to be wasted/ruined.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+283): Jaya maghashukla, Jaya-skandhavara, Jayabahu, Jayabanda, Jayabhata, Jayabhattarika, Jayabhattisvamin, Jayabheri, Jayabhishekaprayoga, Jayaca Dagina, Jayaca-dagina, Jayacandra, Jayacarya, Jayad, Jayada, Jayadatta, Jayadbala, Jayaddisa, Jayaddisa Jataka, Jayadeva.
Ends with (+326): Abhijaya, Acaryajaya, Acaryavijaya, Advaitavidyavijaya, Ajaya, Ajitamjaya, Ajitanjaya, Akshaparajaya, Amaramjaya, Ananangamejaya, Anangamejaya, Anantavijaya, Ananvavajaya, Angamejaya, Anjaya, Anujayatirthavijaya, Anumadhvavijaya, Anuttarasangamavijaya, Apajaya, Aparajaya.
Full-text (+626): Jayavaha, Jayapati, Jayatva, Mahajaya, Jayamangala, Jayashabda, Jayasimha, Jayasvamin, Ajaya, Jayanujivin, Jayadhakka, Jayajiva, Parajayika, Jampati, Jayabhattarika, Jayapala, Jayashri, Jayadevi, Jayavati, Jayapatra.
Search found 76 books and stories containing Jaya, Jāyā, Jayā; (plurals include: Jayas, Jāyās, Jayās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 4 - Pronunciation of a curse on Jayas < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 64 - The description of Nimi dynasty (vaṃśa) < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 3 - The race of Dharma: three attributes of the self-born God < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 1.3.68-69 < [Chapter 3 - Prapañcātīta (beyond the Material Plane)]
Verse 2.4.262 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha (the spiritual world)]
Verse 1.4.58 < [Chapter 4 - Bhakta (the devotee)]
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 4: Birth of Vāsupūjya < [Chapter II - Vāsupūjyacaritra]
Part 3: Vāsupūjya’s parents (king Vasupūjya and queen Jayā) < [Chapter II - Vāsupūjyacaritra]
Part 6: Vāsupūjya’s childhood < [Chapter II - Vāsupūjyacaritra]
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)