Jaya, Jāyā, Jayā: 69 definitions


Jaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Jay.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Jaya (जय):—Son of Śruta (son of Subhāṣaṇa). He had a son named Vijaya. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.13.25)

2) Jaya (जय):—One of the six sons of Purūravā (son of Budha) by the womb of Urvaśī. He had a son named Amita. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.15.1-2)

3) Jaya (जय):—Son of Viśvāmitra (son of Gādhi). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.16.36)

4) Jaya (जय):—Son of Sañjaya (son of Prati). He had a son named Kṛta. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.16)

5) Jaya (जय):—Son of Saṅkṛti (son of Jayasena). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.17)

6) Jaya (जय):—One of the five sons of Manyu (son of Vitatha, another name for Bharadvāja). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.1)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Jayā (जया) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Jayā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Jayā (जया) is the name of a beautiful damsel (kanyā), with black curly hair and red lips, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 92. Jayā (and other innumerable ladies) arose out of the agitation of Vaiṣṇavī while she was doing penance at Viśālā. For these young women, Vaiṣṇavī created the city Devīpura, containing numerous mansions with golden balconies, crystal stairs and water fountains, with jewelled windows and gardens.

Vaiṣṇavī is the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Jaya (जय).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 63, Stanza 119). He fought with Arjuna at the time of the stealing of cows. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 54). This Jaya fought with Nīla and Bhīma in the battle of Bhārata. Bhīma killed him. (Droṇa Parva, Chapters 25 and 135).

2) Jaya (जय).—A deva (god). At the time of the burning of the forest Khāṇḍava, this deva came with an iron pestle to fight with Kṛṣṇa and Arjuna. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 226 Stanza 34).

3) Jaya (जय).—A King in ancient India. He sits in the Durbar of Yama (God of death) and worships him. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 3, Stanza 15).

4) Jaya (जय).—A synonym of the Sun. (Mahābhārata Parva, Chapter 3, Stanza 24).

5) Jaya (जय).—The pseudo name taken by Yudhiṣṭhira at the time of the pseudonymity of the Pāṇḍavas in the country of Virāṭa. Bhīma was known as Jayanta, Arjuna by the name Vijaya, Nakula by the name Jayatsena and Sahadeva by the name Jayadbala at that time. (Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 5, Stanza 35). At that time Pāñcālī addressed all her five husbands by the name Jaya. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 23, Stanza 12).

6) Jaya (जय).—A nāga (serpent) born in the family of Kaśyapa. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 103, Stanza 16).

7) Jaya (जय).—A warrior who fought on the side of the Kauravas. It is mentioned in the Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 156, that both Śakuni and this warrior fought with Arjuna.

8) Jaya (जय).—A warrior of the country of Pāñcāla. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Karṇa Parva, Chapter 56, Stanza 44 that this warrior fought on the side of the Pāṇḍavas and that Karṇa wounded him in the battle.

9) Jaya (जय).—One of the attendants given to Subrahmaṇya by Vāsuki, the King of the Nāgas (serpents). Vāsuki gave Subrahmaṇya two attendants named Jaya and Mahājaya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Stanza 52).

10) Jaya (जय).—A synonym of Mahāviṣṇu. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 149, Stanza 67).

11) Jaya (जय).—(jayavijayas) They were gate-keepers of Vaikuṇṭha. As these two sons of devas were engaged in the service of Mahāviṣṇu guarding the gate, the hermits Sanaka and others came to see Mahāviṣṇu to pay him homage. Jaya and Vijaya stopped them at the gate. Sanaka got angry and cursed them to take three births on the earth as Asuras (demons). The sorrowful Jaya and Vijaya requested for absolution from the curse. The hermit said that they had to take three births as Asuras and that they would be redeemed by the weapon of Mahāviṣṇu. Accordingly Jaya and Vijaya were born in the earth as Hiraṇyākṣa and Hiraṇyakaśipu. They were killed by Mahāviṣṇu. In the second birth they were Rāvaṇa and Kuṃbhakarṇa. Mahāviṣṇu incarnated as Śrī Rāma killed them. In the third birth they were Śiśupāla and Dantavaktra. They were killed by Śrī Kṛṣṇa, an incarnation of Bhagavān Viṣṇu. For further details see under Hiraṇyākṣa. Hiraṇyakaśipu, Rāvaṇa; Kuṃbhakarṇa, Śiśupāla and Dantavaktra. After three births Jaya and Vijaya returned to Vaikuṇṭha. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 7).

12) Jaya (जय).—Father of the Rākṣasa (giant) Virādha, who was killed by Śrī Rāma at the forest Daṇḍaka. Virādha was born to the giant Jaya by his wife Śatahradā. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Araṇya Kāṇḍa, Sarga 3).

13) Jaya (जय).—The original name of the Mahābhārata written by Vyāsa, Many of the scholars are of opinion that Vyāsa was not the author of the whole of the Mahābhārata that we see in its present form now. They say that the Bhārata written by Vyāsa consisted only of eight thousand and eight hundred stanzas. That work was named Jaya. To those eight thousand and eight hundred stanzas Vaiśampāyana added fifteen thousand, two hundred stanzas and this great book was given the name Bhārata or Bhārata saṃhitā (Bhārata collection). When Sūta recited this book to other hermits in Naimiśāraṇya the book had a lakh of stanzas. Henceforward the book was called Mahābhārata, (History of classical Sanskrit Literature; Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 62, Stanza 20).

14) Jayā (जया).—A daughter of the hermit Gautama. Gautama had two daughters by his wife Ahalyā named Jayantī and Aparājitā besides Jayā. While Dakṣa was performing a yāga, (sacrifice) this Jayā informed Pārvatī of it. Pārvatī fell down when she heard that Dakṣa had not invited Śiva to the sacrifice. Śiva got angry at Dakṣa’s negligence and from his wrath the Bhūtagaṇas such as Vīrabhadra and others (attendants of Śiva) arose. (Vāmana Purāṇa, Chapter 4).

15) Jayā (जया).—Wife of Puṣpadanta, a gaṇa (attendant of Śiva). See under Puṣpadanta.

16) Jayā (जया).—Another name of Pārvatī. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 6, Stanza 16).

17) Jayā (जया).—A daughter of Dakṣa. Two daughters named Jayā and Suprabhā were born to Dakṣa. To Suprabhā and Jayā fifty sons each were born. These hundred sons wore various kinds of arrows and such other weapons. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Bālakāṇḍa, Sarga 21).

18) Jayā (जया).—A maid of Pārvatī. It is seen in Skanda Purāṇa that this Jayā was the daughter of Prajāpati Kṛśāśva.

19) Jāyā (जाया).—Wife. The husband enters the wife in the form of semen and takes birth as the foetus and then is born from her as son and so the wife is called Jāyā.

"patirbhāryāṃ sampraviśya garbho bhūtveha jāyate / jāyāyāstaddhi jāyātvaṃ yadasyāṃ jāyate punaḥ" // (manusmṛti, chapter 9, stanza 8).

20) Jaya (जय).—The name of an auspicious moment. This has the name Vijayam also. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 6, Stanza 17).

21) Jaya (जय).—The name given to the story of Vidulā. See under Vidulā.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jayā (जया) is another name for Śivā: the Goddess-counterpart of Śiva who incarnated first as Satī and then Pārvatī, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“[...] the great goddess Śivā is of the three natures. Śivā became Satī and Śiva married her. At the sacrifice of her father she cast off her body which she did not take again and went back to her own region. Śivā incarnated as Pārvatī at the request of the Devas. It was after performing a severe penance that she could attain Śiva again. Śivā came to be called by various names [such as Jayā,...]. These various names confer worldly pleasures and salvation according to qualities and action. The name Pārvatī is very common.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Jaya (जय).—An attendant in Vaikuṇṭha cursed by Sanaka and others to be born as an Asura. The curse was confirmed by Hari, who, however, consoled him and Vijaya (s.v.). His fall.1 In the Devāsura war with Bali, he attacked Bali's followers.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 16. 2, 26-37.
  • 2) Ib. VIII. 21. 16.

1b) A son of Vatsara and Svarvīthi.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 12.

1c) A sage of the epoch of the tenth Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 22; 21. 16.

1d) A son of Purūravas and Ūrvaśī, and father of Amita.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 15. 1-2.

1e) A son of Viśvāmitra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 16. 36.

1f) A son of Sañjaya and father of Krta.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 16-17; Vāyu-purāṇa 93. 8. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 9. 26.

1g) A son of Samkṛti and a great warrior. With him came to an end the Kṣatravṛddha line. (Burnouf makes Kṣatradharman his son. The term is only an epithet of Jaya).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 18.

1h) A son of Manyu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 1.

1i) A son of Yuyudhāna and father of Kuṇi.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 14.

1j) A son of Kanka and Karṇikā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 44.

1k) A son of Bhadrā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 17.

1l) A name of Arjuna (Pāṇḍava).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 72. 47.

1m) A nāga of the fifth or Mahātalam.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 37; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 36.

1n) A Vīkuṇṭha God.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 57.

1o) A son of Jāmbavān.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 302.

1p) A son of Kali and grandson of Varuṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 59. 7; Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 7.

1q) A son of Vijaya; father of Haryaśvaka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 93. 9.

1r) A son of Sṛñjaya, and father of Vijaya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 8.

1s) A son of Śiṣṭa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 4. 39.

1t) A son of Bhadrāśva.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 3.

1u) The Vedavyāsa of the 18th dvāpara.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 15.

1v) Jayadevas in the guise of Hṛadas;1 lakes in the Kuru country;2 in the Svāyambhuva epoch.3 See Jayadevas.

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 32.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 72-73.
  • 3) Ib. III. 3. 65.

2a) Jayā (जया).—A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 13.

2b) A moat equal to 12 oceans.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 70.

2c) A companion of Pārvatī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 40. 33.

2d) A Varṇa śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 60.

2e) A goddess enshrined at Varāhaśaila; a mother-goddess;1 Icon of; to be propitiated before building palaces.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 32; 179. 13 and 71.
  • 2) Ib. 260. 19; 268. 10 and 21.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Jaya (जय) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.101.16/V.103, IX.44.48) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Jaya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Jayā (जया):—Sanskrit name of one of the thirty-two female deities of the Somamaṇḍala (second maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. These goddesses are situated on a ring of sixteen petals and represent the thirty-two syllables of the Aghoramantra. Each deity (including Jayā) is small, plump and large-bellied. They can assume any form at will, have sixteen arms each, and are all mounted on a different animal.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

1) Jayā (जया) or Jayādevī refers to one of the Devīs associated with Tumburu, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 11.1-24ab, while describing the appearance and worship of Tumburu]—“[...] The Devīs are white, red, yellow, and black, four-faced, four armed, three eyed, and in [their] hands bear golden hatchets, sticks and rosaries. [...] Mounted on a corpse, Jayā Devī shines forth [in white]; four-armed, four-faced, three-eyed, red Vijayā holds grass, a bow, a shield and a sword, [while] standing upon an owl, O Devī. [...] [When one] worships and meditates on [the Devīs, as they] stand in the cardinal directions, [the Devīs grant the practitioner] the fruits of siddhi. [...]”.

2) Jayā (जया) also refers to one of the Devīs associated with Nārāyaṇa.—Accordingly, [verse 13.1-9, while describing the appearance and worship of Viṣṇu, in the form of Nārāyaṇa]—“[...] [The Mantrin] places devīs at the four cardinal directions and members at the intermediate compass-points. Thus, he worships [the Devīs] Jayā, Lakṣmī, Kīrti, and Māyā at the cardinal directions, [where they] hold a noose and hook, hands [in the mudrās of] granting wishes and protection. He meditates [on them] before the eyes of the Deva, assuming the shape of [whichever] goddess is chosen. The members are similar to the Deva, [with] his color and hold [his same] weapons”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Jayā (जया, “victory”):—Name of one of the goddesses to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva (“The truth concerning Durgā’s ritual”). They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ह्रीं ओं जयायै नमः
hrīṃ oṃ jayāyai namaḥ

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

Jayā (जया, “victory”):—One of the names attributed to Devī, as chanted by the Vedas in their hymns, who were at the time incarnated in their personified forms. See the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa chapter 5.51-68, called “the narrative of Hayagrīva”.

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Jayā (जया, “victory”) is an epithet for the Goddess according to the Bhairavīstotra in the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “Victory! Victory (to you) O goddess (bhagavatī)! [...] (You are) the great power who attracts, deludes and paralyses; the mother of the Vedas; the ancient one; You are Jayā (Victory), Siddhayogeśvarī, Vajracaṇḍā, Bheruṇḍā, O you who have arisen out of the Udyāna Liṅga! [...]”.

2) Jayā (जया) refers to one of the “eight Goddesses that stand at the doors of the quarters”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “One should worship them [i.e., the Goddesses of the seats] at each door (of the quarters). [...] (These [i.e., Jayā] are the goddesses) who reside in the doors (of the quarters) and abide in the places of the primary and secondary doors along with the primary and secondary sacred seats, meeting grounds and fields”.

3) Jaya (जय) is the name of the field-guardian (kṣetrapāla) associated with the sacred seat of Jālandhara (jālapītha), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—Accordingly, “ The sacred seat Jāla is the Unmanifest. It is well placed in the southern quarter. [...] The sacred seat (i.e. maṭha?) Ūṣma, very fierce, is pure in heaven and on the earth. [...] Accomplished, divine, with six faces, giving supreme bliss, the guardian of the field is called ‘Jaya’. I praise the sacred seat Jāla, revered by the gods, which is divided into sixteen divisions”.

4) Jayā (जया) refers to one of the eight Yoginīs (yoginyaṣṭaka) associated with Oṃkārapīṭha (also called Oḍḍiyāna, Ādipīṭha or Uḍapīṭha), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—[...] The eight Yoginīs (yoginyaṣṭaka): Jayā, Vijayā, Jayantī, Aparājitā, Nandā, Bhadrā, Bhīmā and Śrīdevī

5) Jaya (जय) also refers to one of the Siddhas of the Tradition of the Eastern House (pūrvagṛha-āmnāya), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)

Jayā (जया) or Jayātantra refers to one of the twenty-three Vāmatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Jayā-tantra belonging to the Vāma class.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha

Jayā (जया) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Jayā] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Jayā (जया) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Jayā]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

1) Jaya (जय):—One of the eight gatekeepers who are said to embody the eight siddhis (‘yogic powers’).

2) Jaya (जय) is the name of an ancient Pāñcarātra Saṃhitā mentioned in the Kapiñjalasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra work consisting of 1550 verses dealing with a variety of topics such as worship in a temple, choosing an Ācārya, architecture, town-planning and iconography.—For the list of works, see chapter 1, verses 14b-27. The list [including Jaya-saṃhitā] was said to have comprised “108” titles, these, different saṃhitās named after different manifestations of the Lord or different teachers. They are all said to be authoritative as the ultimate promulgator of all these is the same Nārāyaṇa.

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

1) Jaya (जय) refers to “control (of the vital breath)”, as discussed in the thirty-second  chapter of the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, a Pāñcarātra work in 60 chapters dealing with topics such as Viṣṇu’s discus-power, the processes of creation and esoteric practices related to Sudarśana (such as mantras and yantras).—Description of the chapter [nāḍīśuddhi-vāyujaya-yogāṅga-prāṇāyāmādi-pañcakanirūpaṇa]: [...] The vital airs (vāyu) are ten. The first five of these are located in the body; and it is said that the nerves may be relaxed and toned up as these vital airs themselves are controlled. How to control the vital airs (vāyu-jaya) is then outlined in detail, advising that all exercises should be accompanied by reflection (dhyāna) upon Sudarśana, holding of this vision (pratyāhāra) and maintaining it (dhāraṇā). Such practice will lead to a final samādhi (48-76).

2) Jaya (जय) refers to one of the eight deities associated with the first prākāra (wall) of the temple, as discussed in the ninth chapter of the Īśvarasaṃhitā (printed edition), a Pāñcarātra work in 8200 verses and 24 chapters dealing with topics such as routines of temple worship, major and minor festivals, temple-building and initiation.—Description of the chapter [dvārāvaraṇa-devatālakṣaṇa-ādi-vidhi]: This chapter concerns the daily ritual obligations owed to the deities whose abodes are fixed in the temple doorways—[...] In the first prākāra-wall, proceeding clockwise, one will encounter the stations of Kumuda and Kumudākṣa, Puṇḍarīka and Vāmana, Śaṅkukarṇa and Sarvanetra, Sumukha and Supratiṣṭha in the eight directions (31-49a). Elsewhere will be found Jaya and Vijaya (50-513).

3) Jaya (जय, “success”) is associated with the worship of Skanda, as discussed in the twenty-eighth chapter of the Nāradīyasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra document comprising over 3000 verses in 30 chapters presenting in a narrative framework the teachings of Nārada to Gautama, dealing primarily with modes of worship and festivals.—Description of the chapter [sarvadevatā-sthāpanavidhi]: Nārada describes the worship appropriate to each god for specified ends: [e.g., Skanda for jaya-success (40b-45a)] [...]. In discussing next the shrine dedicated to each, he describes their shapes, proportions, the building materials used, the types and postures of the icons contained therein, [...].

Source: University of Vienna: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Jaya (जय) refers to “victory”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “The King shall obtain territory, victory (jaya), wealth, a long life and freedom from diseases. A King who regularly worships shall conquer this whole earth, with her seven divisions and her garment of seas”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Pancaratra from relevant books on Exotic India

Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Jayā (जया) is the wife of Puṣpadanta, a subordinate of Śiva, who overheard him narrating the adventures of the seven Vidyādharas to Pārvatī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara. Initially, he was denied entrance by Nandin, but through his magic power, became invisible, sneaked inside and overheard the story. Puṣpadanta narrated the story to his wife Jayā, who in turn, recited it in the presence of Pārvatī. She caused Puṣpadanta to be summoned and cursed him, together with Mālyavān (a gaṇa, who intervened and recommended for mercy) to become mortals.

2) Jayā (जया) is one of the epithets of Durgā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 53. Accordingly, as Vīravara praised Durgā: “... thou art the principle of life in creatures; by thee this world moves. In the beginning of creation Śiva beheld thee self-produced, blazing and illuminating the world with brightness hard to behold, like ten million orbs of fiery suddenly produced infant suns rising at once, filling the whole horizon with the circle of thy arms, bearing a sword, a club, a bow, arrows and a spear. And thou wast praised by that god Śiva in the following words ... [Jayā, etc...]”.

Also, “... when Skanda, and Vasiṣṭha, and Brahmā, and the others heard thee praised, under these [eg., Jayā] and other titles, by Śiva well skilled in praising, they also praised thee. And by praising thee, O adorable one, immortals, Ṛṣis and men obtained, and do now obtain, boons above their desire. ”

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Jayā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Kavya from relevant books on Exotic India

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Jayā (जया) refers to “the victorious one” and is the presiding deity of suśobhī (‘very brilliant’), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Suśobhī represents one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha). Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.

Jayā is one of the sixteen deities presiding over the corresponding sixteen words of the elā-prabandha, all of which are defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”): a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Jayā (जया) is the name of a meter belonging to the Pratiṣṭhā or Supratiṣṭhā class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of four syllables two pairs of short and long syllables (i.e. short followed by a long one) is jayā”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Jaya (जय) refers to the twenty-eighth of the sixty-year cycle of Jupiter, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The five years of the next yuga are—1. Nandana, 2. Vijaya, 3. Jaya, 4. Manmatha, 5. Durmukha: during the first three years there will be happiness in the land; in Manmatha mankind will feel neither happy, nor miserable and in the year Durmukha they will feel miserable”.

2) Jaya (जय) or Jayānvita refers to the “successful planet in conjunctions”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9).—Accordingly, “If Venus should be of the colour of coagulated milk, of the white water lily, or of the moon, or if her course be direct, or if she should be the successful planet in conjunctions [i.e., jaya-anvita], mankind will enjoy the happiness of Kṛtayuga”.

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas

Jaya (जय) refers to the twenty-eighth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native who is born in the ‘samvastsara’ of ‘jaya’ is the doer of ‘shastrartha’ (doctrinal debate and discussion) on the subject of ‘Shastras’ with the learned persons (learned in religion), is honoured in the world, is bountiful and generous, destroyer of the enemies, has a longing or desire of getting victory, is engrossed in worldly or sensual enjoyment and is very resplendent or shining.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year jaya (2014-2015 AD) will be either a king or like a king.

Source: academia.edu: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa

Jayā (जया) or Jayatithi is the name of the thirteenth of fifteen tithis (cycle of time) according to both the Gārgīyajyotiṣa and the Śārdūlakarṇāvadāna. The associated deity for Jayā according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā is Kāma. A tithi was defined as one thirtieth of a synodic month (c. 29.5 days), resulting in an average tithi being slightly less than a day.

Accordingly, “(35) The thirteenth tithi is called Jayā. One should make houses, buildings, clothes, garlands, decoration and colorful ornaments. (36) One should please women and even choose a bride. One should make a maṇḍala and perform fasting (upavasana). One should know Kāma as the deity on this tithi”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Jaya (जय) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Jaya (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a peacock. A viṇā is in his tight hand and a fruit in his raised left band.

The illustrations (of, for example Jaya) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā

Jayā (जया) refers to the sixth of twenty-six ekādaśīs according to the Garga-saṃhitā 4.8.9. Accordingly, “to attain Lord Kṛṣṇa’s mercy you should follow the vow of fasting on ekādaśī. In that way You will make Lord Kṛṣṇa into your submissive servant. Of this there is no doubt”. A person who chants the names of these twenty-six ekādaśīs (e.g., Jayā) attains the result of following ekādaśī for one year.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Jaya (जय) is the twenty-eighth of sixty years (saṃvatsara) in the Vedic lunar calendar according to the Arcana-dīpikā by Vāmana Mahārāja (cf. Appendix).—Accordingl, There are sixty different names for each year in the Vedic lunar calendar, which begins on the new moon day (Amāvasyā) after the appearance day of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu (Gaura-pūrṇimā), in February or March. The Vedic year [viz., Jaya], therefore, does not correspond exactly with the Christian solar calendar year.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Jaya (जय) refers to:—(And Vijaya) Two gatekeepers of Vaikuṇṭha, who were cursed due to offending the four Kumāras, and who then took three births in the material world as great demons: Hiraṇyakaśipu and Hiraṇyākṣa in Satya-yuga, Rāvaṇa and Kumbhakarṇa in Tretāyuga, and Śiśupāla and Dantavakra at the end of Dvāpara-yuga. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Vaishnavism from relevant books on Exotic India

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Jayā (जया) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Vilāsinī in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Jayā is also the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Nandinī.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Chandas from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Jayā (जया) is another name for Kapikacchu, a medicinal plant identified with Mucuna pruriens (velvet bean or cowhage or cowitch) from the Fabaceae or “bean family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.50-53 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Jayā and Kapikacchu, there are a total of twenty-six Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Jayā (जया) is another name for Jayantī, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Sesbania sesban (Linn.) Merr. (or ‘Egyptian riverhemp’), according to verse 4.131-132. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Note: Bāpālāl accepting the Sesbania species, suggests differently as Sesbania aegyptiaca Pers. of Papilionaceae sub order. Together with the names Jayā and Jayantī, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Asian Agri-History: Paśu Āyurvēda (Veterinary Medicine) in Garuḍapurāṇa

Jaya (जय) refers to Premna integrifolia, according to Āyurveda sections in the Garuḍapurāṇa.—[The management of kṛmijāla (micro and macro germs) in cows and buffaloes]—For healing of the vraṇa (wounds) in the wounded animals, external application of Jaya (Premna integrifolia) advised.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Jāyā (जाया) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) [defined as उ.उ.उ.इ] of the Upajāti type as employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—We find ten examples of Jāyā variety of Upajāti metre in the Bhīṣmacarita. The example of it is verse IV.13. [...] The other examples are as follows: IV.21, IV.40, X.10, X.11, X.44, XI.5, XI.34, XIV.10 and XIV.36.

Kavyashastra book cover
context information

Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Kavyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

1) Jaya (जय) (or Jayanta) refers to one of the deities to be installed in the ground plan for the construction of houses, according to the Bṛhatkālottara, chapter 112 (the vāstuyāga-paṭala).—The plan for the construction is always in the form of a square. That square is divided into a grid of cells (padas). [...] Once these padas have been laid out, deities [e.g., Jaya] are installed in them. In the most common pattern 45 deities are installed.

Jaya as a doorway deity is associated with the Nakṣatra called Jyeṣṭhā and the consequence is vijaya. [...] The Mayasaṃgraha (verse 5.156-187) describes a design for a 9-by-9-part pura, a residential complex for a community and its lead figure. [...] This record lists a place for ritual bathing and offering at Jaya.

2) Jaya (जय) refers to “triumph”, according to the Piṅgalāmata (verse 10.33-36).—Accordingly, [while describing the pura on a 9-by-9-plan and the 32 padas]—“My dear, at Yama and Gandharva one should make a maṭha with three storeys, two [storeys] or one storey (bhūmikaika—bhūmikaikāthavā). [These are] the best, middling and least [maṭhas] in turn. That is the place for the Ācārya to sleep, for [prognostication of] auspicious days, triumph (jaya), meditation, and the practice of Yoga. [There the teacher] may associate with vīras, sharing vīra food and drink, etc.”.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Vastushastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Jaya (जय) refers to “conquering (the mind)”, according to the Haṭhapradīpikā of Svātmārāma: an influential 15th-century Sanskrit manual on Hatha-Yoga dealing with techniques to channel one’s vital energy.—Accordingly, while discussing methods for conquering the mind: “Acquiring spiritual knowledge, associating with the wise, abandoning habitual tendencies and stopping the movement of the breath; according to tradition, [all] these methods are effective in conquering the mind (citta-jaya). The [mind] is quickly overcome by these [methods of restraint] like the dust of the earth by streams [of water]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Yoga from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Jāyā (जाया) regularly denotes ‘wife’, and, as opposed to Patni, wife as an object of marital affection, the source of the continuance of the race. So it is used of the wife of the gambler, and of the wife of the Brāhmaṇa in the Rigveda; it is also frequently combined with Pati, ‘husband’, both there and in the later literature. Patnī, on the other hand, is used to denote the wife as partner in the sacrifice; when no share in it is assigned to her, she is called Jāyā. The distinction is, of course, merely relative; hence one text calls Manu’s wife Jāyā, another Patnī. Later on Jāyā is superseded by Dāra.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Jaya (जय): A son of King Dhritarashtra, who was killed by Bhima in the war

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Jayā (जया) is the name of Dūtī (i.e., messengers of Lord Vajrapāṇi) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Jayā).

2) Jayā (जया) is also the name of a Yakṣiṇī mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Jayā (जया) is one of the twenty-four Goddesses surrounding Buddhakapāla in the buddhakapālamaṇḍala, according to the 5th-century Sādhanamālā (a collection of sādhana texts that contain detailed instructions for rituals).—Buddhakapāla refers to one of the various emanations of Akṣobhya and the sādhana says that when Heruka is embraced by Citrasenā he gets the name of Buddhakapāla.—Jayā stands in the west of the middle circle. She has a blue colour two arms, one face, ornaments of bones, brown hair rising upwards but no garlands of heads. She  carries the kapāla in the left and the kartri in the right, and dances in the ardhaparyaṅka attitude.

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Jayā (जया) refers to one the twenty-four Horā (astronomical) Goddess to be invoked during pūjā (ritual offering) in Tantric Buddhism, according to the 9th-century Vajraḍākatantra chapter 18.61-74. [...] A Yogin, putting a vessel in the left side of him, offers various things together with raw flesh, fish, immortal nectar (pañcāmṛta). Then the Yogin invites Goddesses to please them with nectar—five Ḍākinīs and twenty-four Goddesses [viz., Jayā] come to the Yogin’s place, forming a maṇḍala.

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Jaya (जय) or Jayatīrtha refers to one of the “eleven holy bathing places” (Puṇyatīrtha), according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Jayā (जया) is the mother of Vāsupūjya according to Śvetāmbara (but she is named Vijayā according to Digambara), according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). Vāsupūjya is the twelfth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism. A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The husband of Jayā is Vasupūjya. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Jaya (जय) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Jaya] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Jaya (जय), the son of Vaprā and Vijaya, is one of the Cakrins (Cakravartins), according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly: “[...] In Bharata there will be twenty-three other Arhats and eleven other Cakrins. [...] The Cakrins will belong to the gotra of Kaśyapa, gold-color, and eight of them will go to mokṣa. [...] In Rājagṛha, Jaya will be the son of Vaprā and Vijaya, twelve bows tall, living for three thousand years, between Nami and Nemi”.

2) Jayā (जया) is the wife of king Vasupūjya, according to chapter 4.2 [vāsupūjya-caritra].

3) Jaya (जय) is the name of an ancient king from Dhānyakaṭa, according to chapter 4.3 [vimalanātha-caritra].

4) Jayā (जया) is the name of a vidyā subdued by Rāvaṇa, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.1 [origin of the rākṣasavaṃśa and vānaravaṃśa].

5) Jayā (जया) is the wife of merchant Priyanandin from Mandara, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.2 [Rāvaṇa’s expedition of conquest].

6) Jaya (जय) refers to one of the warriors fighting in Rāma’s army, according to chapter 7.7 [The killing of Rāvaṇa].

Source: HereNow4U: Lord Śrī Pārśvanātha

Jaya (जय).—Jaya and Vijaya:—Both of them were residents of Śrāvastī and were brothers. Both loved each other. Once they dreamt that they have a very short life. Feeling disenchanted with life, they came to the Lord to accept mendicancy and taking initiation, became Gaṇadharas.

Source: HereNow4u: Jain Dharma ka Maulika Itihasa (2)

Jaya (जय) and Vijaya were brothers from Śrāvastī.—[...] The ‘Śrī Pāsanāha Cariyaṃ’ gives the following description of Lord Pārśvanātha’s Gaṇadharas (principal disciples).—“[...] Both [Jaya and Vijaya] were residents of Śrāvastī and were brothers. Both loved each other. Once they dreamt that they have a very short life. Feeling disenchanted with life, they came to the Lord to accept mendicancy and taking initiation, became Gaṇadharas”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Jayā.—(IA 23), hemp. (EI 12), name of a tithi. Note: jayā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Piotr Balcerowicz: Royal Patronage of Jainism

Jaya (जय) or Jayanāma is the name of one of the sixteen Jain Ācāryas (teachers) mentioned in the inscription of Pārśvanātha Bastī (which was engraved in 522 Śaka era, i.e. Vikram 657 years and 1127 V.N.).—Accordingly, “[...] when a calamity in Ujjayinī lasting for a twelve-year period was foretold by Bhadrabāhu-svāmin, who comes from an impeccable old race which is a lineage of great men coming in succession within the lineage of teachers [viz., Jaya], and who possesses the knowledge of the truth of the Great Omens (mahānimitta) in eight parts (canonical books, aṅga), who sees the three times (past, present and future), after he had seen it with the help of the omens, the whole congregation [of Jaina monks] set out from the northern region towards the southern region. Gradually, they [viz., Jaya] reached a locality of several hundred villages, full of happy people, riches, gold, grain, herds of cows, buffaloes, goats and sheep. [...]”.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Jaya in the Bengali language is the name of a plant identified with Abutilon theophrasti Medik. from the Malvaceae (Mallow) family having the following synonyms: Sida planiflora, Abutilon avicennae, Malva abutilon. For the possible medicinal usage of jaya, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Jaya in the Sanskrit language, ibid. previous identification.

Jaya [जया] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Clerodendrum phlomidis L.f. from the Verbenaceae (Verbena) family having the following synonyms: Clerodendrum phlomidis var. rubrum.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Jaya in India is the name of a plant defined with Abutilon theophrasti in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Sida tiliifolia Fisch. (among others).

2) Jaya is also identified with Clerodendrum phlomidis It has the synonym Volkameria multiflora Burm.f. (etc.).

3) Jaya is also identified with Sesbania sesban It has the synonym Sesban aegyptiacus Poir. (etc.).

4) Jaya is also identified with Terminalia chebula It has the synonym Myrobalanus chebula Gaertn. (etc.).

5) Jaya in Peru is also identified with Erythroxylum coca It has the synonym Erythroxylum chilpei E. Machado (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique (Lamarck) (1786)
· Recent Res. Pl. Sci. (1979)
· Teysmannia (1890)
· Supplementum Plantarum (1782)
· Botanicheskii Zhurnal
· Taxon (1979)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Jaya, for example health benefits, chemical composition, diet and recipes, side effects, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Biology from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jaya : (m.) victory; conquest. || jāyā (f.) wife.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Jāyā, (f.) (from jan) wife Vin. II, 259=264; J. IV, 285.

— or —

Jayā, f. (Vedic jāyā) wife only in cpd. jayampatikā, the lady of the house and her husband, the two heads of the household. That the wife should be put first might seem suggestive of the matriarchate, but the expression means just simply “the pair of them, ” and the context has never anything to do with the matriarchate. ‹-› husband & wife, a married couple S. II, 98; J. I, 347; IV, 70, of birds. See also jāyampatikā. (Page 279)

— or —

Jaya, (see jayati) vanquishing, overcoming, victory D. I, 10; Sn. 681; J. II, 406; opp. parājaya Vism. 401.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jaya (जय).—m (S) Conquest, victory, triumph. 2 It is prefixed, with or without reduplication, to the names of the gods in invocations. Ex. jayaviṭhōbā, jayarāmacandra, jayadēvā. jaya karaṇēṃ g. of o. To defeat or conquer. jayāṃ or jayāsa jāṇēṃ To prosper or be successful--efforts, measures, conduct.

--- OR ---

jayā (जया).—f S A common term for the third, eighth, and thirteenth lunar days of either half month.

--- OR ---

jāyā (जाया).—f (S) A wife, the wife of.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jaya (जय).—m Conquest, victory, triumph; success.

--- OR ---

jāyā (जाया).—f A wife, the wife of.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jayā (जया).—f. The name of a magical lore (often mentioned with vijayā) taught by Viśvāmitra to Rāma, विद्यामथैनं विजयां जयां च (vidyāmathainaṃ vijayāṃ jayāṃ ca) Bhaṭṭikāvya 2.21.

--- OR ---

Jāyā (जाया).—A wife. (The word is thus derived-patirbhāryāṃ saṃpraviśya garbho bhūtveha jāyate | jāyāyāstaddhi jāyātvaṃ yadasyāṃ jāyate punaḥ || Manusmṛti 9.8; see also Malli. on R.2.1.) As last member of Bah. comp. जाया (jāyā) is changed to जानि (jāni); सीताजानिः (sītājāniḥ) 'one who has Sītā for his wife'; so युवजानिः, मामार्धजानिः (yuvajāniḥ, māmārdhajāniḥ)

--- OR ---

Jaya (जय).—[ji bhāve ac]

1) Conquest, triumph, victory, success, winning (in battle, game or a law-suit); सप्त वित्तागमा धर्म्या दायो लाभः क्रयो जयः (sapta vittāgamā dharmyā dāyo lābhaḥ krayo jayaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.115.

2) Restraint, curbing, conquest as in इन्द्रियजय (indriyajaya).

3) Name of the sun.

4) Name of Jayanta, son of Indra; जगृहे च धनुधीता मुसलं तु जयस्तथा (jagṛhe ca dhanudhītā musalaṃ tu jayastathā) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.227.34.

5) Name of Yudhiṣṭhira, the first Pāndava prince.

6) Name of an attendant of Visnu.

7) An epithet of Arjuna; संस्मरन् भ्रातरं जयम् (saṃsmaran bhrātaraṃ jayam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.158.2.

8) Name of the Mahābhārata; देवीं सरस्वतीं चैव ततो जयमुदीरयेत् (devīṃ sarasvatīṃ caiva tato jayamudīrayet) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.1.1; Bhāgavata 1.2.4;

9) The heroic sentiment; सहजेतरौ जयशमौ दधती (sahajetarau jayaśamau dadhatī) Kirātārjunīya 6.22.

1) Words of victory; जयेन वर्धयित्वा च मारीचप्रमुखास्ततः (jayena vardhayitvā ca mārīcapramukhāstataḥ) Rām.7.23.3.

-yā 1 Name of Durgā.

2) Name of an attendant of the goddess Durgā.

3) A kind of banner.

4) The third, eighth or thirteenth lunar days of any of the two lunar fortnights.

Derivable forms: jayaḥ (जयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jaya (जय).—(1) nt. (otherwise recorded only as m.), victory: yadi no jayaṃ syāt Lalitavistara 304.14 (verse); no v.l.; (2) m., name of a youth, previous incarnation of Aśoka: Divyāvadāna 366.7, 9.

--- OR ---

Jayā (जया).—name of one of the four Kumārī, q.v., or Bhaginī: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 537.7; 539.7, et alibi; probably the same a yakṣiṇī, (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 573.14; 574.4.

--- OR ---

Jāyā (जाया).—name of a lokadhātu: Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 37.5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaya (जय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Conquest, victory, triumph. 2. A name of YuDhish- T'Hira. 3. A proper name, the son of Indra. 4. One of Vishnu'S door keepers. 5. The name of a king; also vijayanandana. 6. A kind of Mung or bean, (Phaseolus mungo.) f.

(-yā) 1. A name of the goddess Parvati. 2. One of her female companions. 3. The 3rd, 8th, or 13th lunar day of either half month. 4. Yellow myrobalan, (Terminalia chebula.) 5. A plant: see jayantī. 6. A tree, commonly Ganiyari, (Premna spinosa.) 7. Hemp, (Cannabis sativa.) 8. A banner, a flag. E. ji to conquer or exel, affixes bhāve ac and ṭāp.

--- OR ---

Jaya (जय) or Jayya.—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Able to conquer, victorious. E. ji to subdue, affix yat, deriv. irr. jetuṃ śakyaḥ .

--- OR ---

Jāyā (जाया).—f.

(-yā) A wife, one wedded according to the perfect ritual. E. jan to be born, affix yak; in whom a man is again born, that is to say, he is re-born in his children. jāyate asyām .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaya (जय).—i. e. ji + a, I. latter part of comp. adj. Conquering. Ii. m. 1. Victory, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 183. 2. Conquest, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 19, 22. 3. Resigning, resignation, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 28, 5. 4. A name of the sun, Mahābhārata 3, 154. 5. A proper name, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 13, 22. Iii. f. , A name of Durgā, Mahābhārata 4, 194.

--- OR ---

Jāyā (जाया).—i. e. jan + yā, f. A spouse, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 8.

— Cf. [Latin] gaja.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaya (जय).—1. [adjective] conquering, winning (—°); [plural] cert. verses or formulas causing victory.

--- OR ---

Jaya (जय).—2. [masculine] conquest, victory, gain.

--- OR ---

Jāyā (जाया).—[feminine] wife, consort; [abstract] jāyātva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Jaya (जय) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—pupil of Haradatta: Suparṇādhyāyabhāṣya.

2) Jayā (जया):—from the Nāradapañcarātra. Peters. 6, 492. Quoted by Utpala in Spandapradīpikā.

Jayā has the following synonyms: Jayākhyasaṃhitā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jaya (जय):—mfn. (√ji) ifc. conquering, winning See ṛtaṃ-, kṛtaṃ-, dhanaṃ-jaya, puraṃ-, śalruṃ-

2) m. ([Pāṇini 3-3, 56; Kāśikā-vṛtti]) conquest, victory, triumph, winning, being victorious (in battle or in playing with dice or in a lawsuit), [Atharva-veda vii, 50, 8; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa vi; Manu-smṛti vii] (indriyāṇāṃj victory over or restraint of the senses) and, [x; Mahābhārata]; etc.

3) cf. ātma-, prāṇa-, rug-

4) m. [plural] ([paroxytone]) Name of particular verses causing victory (personified as deities, [Vāyu-purāṇa ii, 6, 4 ff.]), [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā i, 4, 14; Taittirīya-saṃhitā iii; Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra i, 5; Nyāyamālā-vistara iii, 4, 24]

5) m. sg. Premna spinosa or longifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) a yellow variety of Phaseolus Mungo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Name of the 3rd year of the 6th lustrum of the Bṛhaspati cycle, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā viii, 38]

8) a kind of flute

9) (in music) a kind of measure

10) the sun, [Mahābhārata iii, 154]

11) Arjuna (son of Pāṇḍu), [266, 7 and iv, 5, 35]

12) Indra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) Name of a Ṛṣi (author of [Ṛg-veda x, 180]; son of Aṅgiras [Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā] or of Indra; living under the 10th Manu, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa viii, 13, 22])

14) of a spirit, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā.liii, 48; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi i, 9, 149 and 172]

15) of an attendant of Viṣṇu, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 16, 2]

16) of a Nāga, [Mahābhārata v, 3632; ix, 2554]

17) of a Dānava, [Harivaṃśa 13093]

18) of a son (of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata i, vii]; of Sṛñjaya, [Harivaṃśa 1514]; of Suśruta, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa iv, 5, 12]; of Sruta, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 13, 25]; of Saṃjaya, [17, 16]; of Saṃkṛti, [18]; of Mañju, [21, 1]; of Yuyudhāna, [24, 13]; of Kaṅka, [43]; of Kṛṣṇa, [x, 61, 17]; of Vatsara by Svar-vīthi, [iv, 13, 12]; of Viśvāmitra, [Harivaṃśa 1462; Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 16, 36]; of Purūravas by Urvaśī, [15, 1 f.])

19) of an ancient king (11th Cakravartin in Bhārata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]), [Mahābhārata ii, 326]

20) of a Pāṇḍava hero, [vii, 6911]

21) of Yudhiṣṭhira at Virāṭa’s court, iv, 176

22) of Aśoka in a former birth, [Divyāvadāna xxvi, 336 f.]

23) of a carpenter, [Rājataraṅgiṇī iii, 351]

24) Jayā (जया):—[from jaya] a f. Sesbania aegyptiaca, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

25) [v.s. ...] Premna spinosa or longifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

26) [v.s. ...] Terminalia Chebula, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

27) [v.s. ...] nīla-dūrvā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

28) [v.s. ...] for japā, [Kathāsaritsāgara lxvii, 32]

29) [v.s. ...] Name of a narcotic substance, [Horace H. Wilson]

30) [v.s. ...] the 3rd or 8th or 13th day of either half-month, [Sūryaprajñapti]; cf. [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi i, 3, 360 and; Nirṇayasindhu i, 391/392]

31) [v.s. ...] one of the 7 flag-sticks of Indra’s banner, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xliii, 40]

32) [v.s. ...] Name of the saurā dharmāḥ, [Bhaviṣya-purāṇa, khaṇḍa 1 & 2: bhaviṣya-purāṇa & bhaviṣyottara-purāṇa i]

33) [v.s. ...] of Durgā, [Mahābhārata iv, vi; Harivaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara liii, 170]

34) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Dakṣa (wife of Śiva, [Matsya-purāṇa xiii, 32] ; tutelary deity of the Ārtabhāgas, [Brahma-purāṇa ii, 18, 19]), [Rāmāyaṇa i, 23, 14]

35) [v.s. ...] of a Yoginī, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi ii, 1, 694] ([varia lectio] layā)

36) [v.s. ...] of a Śakti, [i, 5, 200]

37) [v.s. ...] of a handmaid of Durgā (wife of Puṣpa-danta, [Kathāsaritsāgara i, 52; vii, 107]; of Hariś-candra, [Śiva-purāṇa])

38) [v.s. ...] (= tārā) Name of a, [Buddhist literature] deity, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

39) [v.s. ...] of the mother of the 12th Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

40) [from jaya] b f. of ya q.v.

41) Jāyā (जाया):—[from jāyamāna] a f. ‘bringing forth (cf. [Manu-smṛti ix, 8])’, a wife, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

42) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) the 7th lunar mansion, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka; Laghujātaka, by Varāha-mihira i, 15.]

43) b See above.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jaya (जय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. Conquest, victory; a proper name; a bean. f. Durgā; a tree; hemp; a flag.

2) [(yyaḥ-yyā-yyaṃ) a.] Able to conquer.

3) Jāyā (जाया):—(yā) 1. f. A wife.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jaya (जय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Jaya, Jayā, Jāyā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Jaya (जय) [Also spelled jay]:—(nf) conquest, victory; triumph; (a) used as a suffix in compound words meaning, one who has achieved a victory or has triumphed over (e.g. [mṛtyuṃjaya, dhanaṃjaya,] etc). (int) bravo ! hurrah ! ; ~[ghoṣa] applause, applausive shouts, cheering approbation; ~[dhvaja] banner of victory; ~[dhvani] see ~[ghoṣa; -parājaya] victory and defeat; ~[māla/mālā] a bay, garland symbolic of triumph; garland put by the bride round the neck of the bridegroom; ~[lakṣmī/śrī] victory.

2) Jāyā (जाया):—(nf) spouse, wife; (a) born (of).

3) (a) waste, ruined; —[karanā] to waste, to ruin; —[jānā] to be wasted/ruined.

context information


Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Jaya (जय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Yaj.

2) Jaya (जय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Yat.

3) Jaya (जय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Jagat.

4) Jaya (जय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Yata.

5) Jaya (जय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Java.

6) Jaya (जय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Jaya.

7) Jaya (जय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Yata.

8) Jaya (जय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Jayā.

9) Jayā (जया) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Yadā.

10) Jayā (जया) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Jayā.

11) Jāya (जाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Yāc.

12) Jāya (जाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Yāta.

13) Jāya (जाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Jāta.

14) Jāya (जाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Yāta.

15) Jāya (जाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Jāta.

16) Jāyā (जाया) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Yātrā.

17) Jāyā (जाया) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Jāyā.

18) Jāyā (जाया) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Jātā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Prakrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jaya (ಜಯ):—

1) [noun] the overcoming of an enemy or antagonist or achievement of mastery or success in a struggle or endeavour against odds or difficulties; victory.

2) [noun] a favourable or satisfactory outcome or result; success.

3) [noun] control of emotions, impulses, passion, etc.; self-control; restrain.

4) [noun] the quality of being pleasant to look at; comeliness.

5) [noun] a means to success.

6) [noun] the twentieth of the cycle of sixty years.

--- OR ---

Jaya (ಜಯ):—[noun] = ಜಯೆ [jaye].

--- OR ---

Jāyā (ಜಾಯಾ):—[adjective] spoiled; damaged; rendered useless.

--- OR ---

Jāyā (ಜಾಯಾ):—[noun] injury or harm to a person or thing, resulting in a loss in soundness or value or reducing usefulness.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Jaya (ஜய) noun < Jaya. The 28th year of the Jupiter cycle. See சய. [saya.]

--- OR ---

Jāyā (ஜாயா) noun < jāyā. Wife; மனைவி. [manaivi.]

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

Discover the meaning of jaya in the context of Tamil from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: