Jaya, Jāyā, Jayā: 41 definitions


Jaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Jaya (जय):—Son of Śruta (son of Subhāṣaṇa). He had a son named Vijaya. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.13.25)

2) Jaya (जय):—One of the six sons of Purūravā (son of Budha) by the womb of Urvaśī. He had a son named Amita. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.15.1-2)

3) Jaya (जय):—Son of Viśvāmitra (son of Gādhi). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.16.36)

4) Jaya (जय):—Son of Sañjaya (son of Prati). He had a son named Kṛta. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.16)

5) Jaya (जय):—Son of Saṅkṛti (son of Jayasena). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.17)

6) Jaya (जय):—One of the five sons of Manyu (son of Vitatha, another name for Bharadvāja). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.1)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Jayā (जया) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Jayā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Jayā (जया) is the name of a beautiful damsel (kanyā), with black curly hair and red lips, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 92. Jayā (and other innumerable ladies) arose out of the agitation of Vaiṣṇavī while she was doing penance at Viśālā. For these young women, Vaiṣṇavī created the city Devīpura, containing numerous mansions with golden balconies, crystal stairs and water fountains, with jewelled windows and gardens.

Vaiṣṇavī is the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Jaya (जय).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 63, Stanza 119). He fought with Arjuna at the time of the stealing of cows. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 54). This Jaya fought with Nīla and Bhīma in the battle of Bhārata. Bhīma killed him. (Droṇa Parva, Chapters 25 and 135).

2) Jaya (जय).—A deva (god). At the time of the burning of the forest Khāṇḍava, this deva came with an iron pestle to fight with Kṛṣṇa and Arjuna. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 226 Stanza 34).

3) Jaya (जय).—A King in ancient India. He sits in the Durbar of Yama (God of death) and worships him. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 3, Stanza 15).

4) Jaya (जय).—A synonym of the Sun. (Mahābhārata Parva, Chapter 3, Stanza 24).

5) Jaya (जय).—The pseudo name taken by Yudhiṣṭhira at the time of the pseudonymity of the Pāṇḍavas in the country of Virāṭa. Bhīma was known as Jayanta, Arjuna by the name Vijaya, Nakula by the name Jayatsena and Sahadeva by the name Jayadbala at that time. (Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 5, Stanza 35). At that time Pāñcālī addressed all her five husbands by the name Jaya. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 23, Stanza 12).

6) Jaya (जय).—A nāga (serpent) born in the family of Kaśyapa. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 103, Stanza 16).

7) Jaya (जय).—A warrior who fought on the side of the Kauravas. It is mentioned in the Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 156, that both Śakuni and this warrior fought with Arjuna.

8) Jaya (जय).—A warrior of the country of Pāñcāla. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Karṇa Parva, Chapter 56, Stanza 44 that this warrior fought on the side of the Pāṇḍavas and that Karṇa wounded him in the battle.

9) Jaya (जय).—One of the attendants given to Subrahmaṇya by Vāsuki, the King of the Nāgas (serpents). Vāsuki gave Subrahmaṇya two attendants named Jaya and Mahājaya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Stanza 52).

10) Jaya (जय).—A synonym of Mahāviṣṇu. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 149, Stanza 67).

11) Jaya (जय).—(jayavijayas) They were gate-keepers of Vaikuṇṭha. As these two sons of devas were engaged in the service of Mahāviṣṇu guarding the gate, the hermits Sanaka and others came to see Mahāviṣṇu to pay him homage. Jaya and Vijaya stopped them at the gate. Sanaka got angry and cursed them to take three births on the earth as Asuras (demons). The sorrowful Jaya and Vijaya requested for absolution from the curse. The hermit said that they had to take three births as Asuras and that they would be redeemed by the weapon of Mahāviṣṇu. Accordingly Jaya and Vijaya were born in the earth as Hiraṇyākṣa and Hiraṇyakaśipu. They were killed by Mahāviṣṇu. In the second birth they were Rāvaṇa and Kuṃbhakarṇa. Mahāviṣṇu incarnated as Śrī Rāma killed them. In the third birth they were Śiśupāla and Dantavaktra. They were killed by Śrī Kṛṣṇa, an incarnation of Bhagavān Viṣṇu. For further details see under Hiraṇyākṣa. Hiraṇyakaśipu, Rāvaṇa; Kuṃbhakarṇa, Śiśupāla and Dantavaktra. After three births Jaya and Vijaya returned to Vaikuṇṭha. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 7).

12) Jaya (जय).—Father of the Rākṣasa (giant) Virādha, who was killed by Śrī Rāma at the forest Daṇḍaka. Virādha was born to the giant Jaya by his wife Śatahradā. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Araṇya Kāṇḍa, Sarga 3).

13) Jaya (जय).—The original name of the Mahābhārata written by Vyāsa, Many of the scholars are of opinion that Vyāsa was not the author of the whole of the Mahābhārata that we see in its present form now. They say that the Bhārata written by Vyāsa consisted only of eight thousand and eight hundred stanzas. That work was named Jaya. To those eight thousand and eight hundred stanzas Vaiśampāyana added fifteen thousand, two hundred stanzas and this great book was given the name Bhārata or Bhārata saṃhitā (Bhārata collection). When Sūta recited this book to other hermits in Naimiśāraṇya the book had a lakh of stanzas. Henceforward the book was called Mahābhārata, (History of classical Sanskrit Literature; Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 62, Stanza 20).

14) Jayā (जया).—A daughter of the hermit Gautama. Gautama had two daughters by his wife Ahalyā named Jayantī and Aparājitā besides Jayā. While Dakṣa was performing a yāga, (sacrifice) this Jayā informed Pārvatī of it. Pārvatī fell down when she heard that Dakṣa had not invited Śiva to the sacrifice. Śiva got angry at Dakṣa’s negligence and from his wrath the Bhūtagaṇas such as Vīrabhadra and others (attendants of Śiva) arose. (Vāmana Purāṇa, Chapter 4).

15) Jayā (जया).—Wife of Puṣpadanta, a gaṇa (attendant of Śiva). See under Puṣpadanta.

16) Jayā (जया).—Another name of Pārvatī. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 6, Stanza 16).

17) Jayā (जया).—A daughter of Dakṣa. Two daughters named Jayā and Suprabhā were born to Dakṣa. To Suprabhā and Jayā fifty sons each were born. These hundred sons wore various kinds of arrows and such other weapons. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Bālakāṇḍa, Sarga 21).

18) Jayā (जया).—A maid of Pārvatī. It is seen in Skanda Purāṇa that this Jayā was the daughter of Prajāpati Kṛśāśva.

19) Jāyā (जाया).—Wife. The husband enters the wife in the form of semen and takes birth as the foetus and then is born from her as son and so the wife is called Jāyā.

"patirbhāryāṃ sampraviśya garbho bhūtveha jāyate / jāyāyāstaddhi jāyātvaṃ yadasyāṃ jāyate punaḥ" // (manusmṛti, chapter 9, stanza 8).

20) Jaya (जय).—The name of an auspicious moment. This has the name Vijayam also. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 6, Stanza 17).

21) Jaya (जय).—The name given to the story of Vidulā. See under Vidulā.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jayā (जया) is another name for Śivā: the Goddess-counterpart of Śiva who incarnated first as Satī and then Pārvatī, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“[...] the great goddess Śivā is of the three natures. Śivā became Satī and Śiva married her. At the sacrifice of her father she cast off her body which she did not take again and went back to her own region. Śivā incarnated as Pārvatī at the request of the Devas. It was after performing a severe penance that she could attain Śiva again. Śivā came to be called by various names [such as Jayā,...]. These various names confer worldly pleasures and salvation according to qualities and action. The name Pārvatī is very common.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Jaya (जय).—An attendant in Vaikuṇṭha cursed by Sanaka and others to be born as an Asura. The curse was confirmed by Hari, who, however, consoled him and Vijaya (s.v.). His fall.1 In the Devāsura war with Bali, he attacked Bali's followers.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 16. 2, 26-37.
  • 2) Ib. VIII. 21. 16.

1b) A son of Vatsara and Svarvīthi.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 12.

1c) A sage of the epoch of the tenth Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 22; 21. 16.

1d) A son of Purūravas and Ūrvaśī, and father of Amita.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 15. 1-2.

1e) A son of Viśvāmitra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 16. 36.

1f) A son of Sañjaya and father of Krta.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 16-17; Vāyu-purāṇa 93. 8. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 9. 26.

1g) A son of Samkṛti and a great warrior. With him came to an end the Kṣatravṛddha line. (Burnouf makes Kṣatradharman his son. The term is only an epithet of Jaya).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 18.

1h) A son of Manyu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 1.

1i) A son of Yuyudhāna and father of Kuṇi.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 14.

1j) A son of Kanka and Karṇikā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 44.

1k) A son of Bhadrā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 17.

1l) A name of Arjuna (Pāṇḍava).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 72. 47.

1m) A nāga of the fifth or Mahātalam.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 37; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 36.

1n) A Vīkuṇṭha God.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 57.

1o) A son of Jāmbavān.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 302.

1p) A son of Kali and grandson of Varuṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 59. 7; Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 7.

1q) A son of Vijaya; father of Haryaśvaka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 93. 9.

1r) A son of Sṛñjaya, and father of Vijaya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 8.

1s) A son of Śiṣṭa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 4. 39.

1t) A son of Bhadrāśva.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 3.

1u) The Vedavyāsa of the 18th dvāpara.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 15.

1v) Jayadevas in the guise of Hṛadas;1 lakes in the Kuru country;2 in the Svāyambhuva epoch.3 See Jayadevas.

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 32.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 72-73.
  • 3) Ib. III. 3. 65.

2a) Jayā (जया).—A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 13.

2b) A moat equal to 12 oceans.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 70.

2c) A companion of Pārvatī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 40. 33.

2d) A Varṇa śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 60.

2e) A goddess enshrined at Varāhaśaila; a mother-goddess;1 Icon of; to be propitiated before building palaces.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 32; 179. 13 and 71.
  • 2) Ib. 260. 19; 268. 10 and 21.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Jaya (जय) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.101.16/V.103, IX.44.48) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Jaya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Jayā (जया):—Sanskrit name of one of the thirty-two female deities of the Somamaṇḍala (second maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. These goddesses are situated on a ring of sixteen petals and represent the thirty-two syllables of the Aghoramantra. Each deity (including Jayā) is small, plump and large-bellied. They can assume any form at will, have sixteen arms each, and are all mounted on a different animal.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Jayā (जया, “victory”):—Name of one of the goddesses to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva (“The truth concerning Durgā’s ritual”). They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ह्रीं ओं जयायै नमः
hrīṃ oṃ jayāyai namaḥ

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

Jayā (जया, “victory”):—One of the names attributed to Devī, as chanted by the Vedas in their hymns, who were at the time incarnated in their personified forms. See the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa chapter 5.51-68, called “the narrative of Hayagrīva”.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)

Jayā (जया) or Jayātantra refers to one of the twenty-three Vāmatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Jayā-tantra belonging to the Vāma class.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Jaya (जय):—One of the eight gatekeepers who are said to embody the eight siddhis (‘yogic powers’).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Jayā (जया) is the wife of Puṣpadanta, a subordinate of Śiva, who overheard him narrating the adventures of the seven Vidyādharas to Pārvatī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara. Initially, he was denied entrance by Nandin, but through his magic power, became invisible, sneaked inside and overheard the story. Puṣpadanta narrated the story to his wife Jayā, who in turn, recited it in the presence of Pārvatī. She caused Puṣpadanta to be summoned and cursed him, together with Mālyavān (a gaṇa, who intervened and recommended for mercy) to become mortals.

2) Jayā (जया) is one of the epithets of Durgā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 53. Accordingly, as Vīravara praised Durgā: “... thou art the principle of life in creatures; by thee this world moves. In the beginning of creation Śiva beheld thee self-produced, blazing and illuminating the world with brightness hard to behold, like ten million orbs of fiery suddenly produced infant suns rising at once, filling the whole horizon with the circle of thy arms, bearing a sword, a club, a bow, arrows and a spear. And thou wast praised by that god Śiva in the following words ... [Jayā, etc...]”.

Also, “... when Skanda, and Vasiṣṭha, and Brahmā, and the others heard thee praised, under these [eg., Jayā] and other titles, by Śiva well skilled in praising, they also praised thee. And by praising thee, O adorable one, immortals, Ṛṣis and men obtained, and do now obtain, boons above their desire. ”

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Jayā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Jayā (जया) refers to “the victorious one” and is the presiding deity of suśobhī (‘very brilliant’), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Suśobhī represents one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha). Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.

Jayā is one of the sixteen deities presiding over the corresponding sixteen words of the elā-prabandha, all of which are defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”): a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Jayā (जया) is the name of a meter belonging to the Pratiṣṭhā or Supratiṣṭhā class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of four syllables two pairs of short and long syllables (i.e. short followed by a long one) is jayā”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas

Jaya (जय) refers to the twenty-eighth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native who is born in the ‘samvastsara’ of ‘jaya’ is the doer of ‘shastrartha’ (doctrinal debate and discussion) on the subject of ‘Shastras’ with the learned persons (learned in religion), is honoured in the world, is bountiful and generous, destroyer of the enemies, has a longing or desire of getting victory, is engrossed in worldly or sensual enjoyment and is very resplendent or shining.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year jaya (2014-2015 AD) will be either a king or like a king.

Source: academia.edu: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa

Jayā (जया) or Jayatithi is the name of the thirteenth of fifteen tithis (cycle of time) according to both the Gārgīyajyotiṣa and the Śārdūlakarṇāvadāna. The associated deity for Jayā according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā is Kāma. A tithi was defined as one thirtieth of a synodic month (c. 29.5 days), resulting in an average tithi being slightly less than a day.

Accordingly, “(35) The thirteenth tithi is called Jayā. One should make houses, buildings, clothes, garlands, decoration and colorful ornaments. (36) One should please women and even choose a bride. One should make a maṇḍala and perform fasting (upavasana). One should know Kāma as the deity on this tithi”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Jaya (जय) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Jaya (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a peacock. A viṇā is in his tight hand and a fruit in his raised left band.

The illustrations (of, for example Jaya) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā

Jayā (जया) refers to the sixth of twenty-six ekādaśīs according to the Garga-saṃhitā 4.8.9. Accordingly, “to attain Lord Kṛṣṇa’s mercy you should follow the vow of fasting on ekādaśī. In that way You will make Lord Kṛṣṇa into your submissive servant. Of this there is no doubt”. A person who chants the names of these twenty-six ekādaśīs (eg., Jayā) attains the result of following ekādaśī for one year.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Jaya (जय) is the twenty-eighth of sixty years (saṃvatsara) in the Vedic lunar calendar according to the Arcana-dīpikā by Vāmana Mahārāja (cf. Appendix).—Accordingl, There are sixty different names for each year in the Vedic lunar calendar, which begins on the new moon day (Amāvasyā) after the appearance day of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu (Gaura-pūrṇimā), in February or March. The Vedic year [viz., Jaya], therefore, does not correspond exactly with the Christian solar calendar year.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Jayā (जया) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Vilāsinī in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Jayā is also the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Nandinī.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Jayā (जया) is another name for Kapikacchu, a medicinal plant identified with Mucuna pruriens (velvet bean or cowhage or cowitch) from the Fabaceae or “bean family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.50-53 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Jayā and Kapikacchu, there are a total of twenty-six Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Jayā (जया) is another name for Jayantī, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Sesbania sesban (Linn.) Merr. (or ‘Egyptian riverhemp’), according to verse 4.131-132. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Note: Bāpālāl accepting the Sesbania species, suggests differently as Sesbania aegyptiaca Pers. of Papilionaceae sub order. Together with the names Jayā and Jayantī, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Jāyā (जाया) regularly denotes ‘wife’, and, as opposed to Patni, wife as an object of marital affection, the source of the continuance of the race. So it is used of the wife of the gambler, and of the wife of the Brāhmaṇa in the Rigveda; it is also frequently combined with Pati, ‘husband’, both there and in the later literature. Patnī, on the other hand, is used to denote the wife as partner in the sacrifice; when no share in it is assigned to her, she is called Jāyā. The distinction is, of course, merely relative; hence one text calls Manu’s wife Jāyā, another Patnī. Later on Jāyā is superseded by Dāra.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Jaya (जय): A son of King Dhritarashtra, who was killed by Bhima in the war

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Jayā (जया) is one of the twenty-four Goddesses surrounding Buddhakapāla in the buddhakapālamaṇḍala, according to the 5th-century Sādhanamālā (a collection of sādhana texts that contain detailed instructions for rituals).—Buddhakapāla refers to one of the various emanations of Akṣobhya and the sādhana says that when Heruka is embraced by Citrasenā he gets the name of Buddhakapāla.—Jayā stands in the west of the middle circle. She has a blue colour two arms, one face, ornaments of bones, brown hair rising upwards but no garlands of heads. She  carries the kapāla in the left and the kartri in the right, and dances in the ardhaparyaṅka attitude.

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Jayā (जया) refers to one the twenty-four Horā (astronomical) Goddess to be invoked during pūjā (ritual offering) in Tantric Buddhism, according to the 9th-century Vajraḍākatantra chapter 18.61-74. [...] A Yogin, putting a vessel in the left side of him, offers various things together with raw flesh, fish, immortal nectar (pañcāmṛta). Then the Yogin invites Goddesses to please them with nectar—five Ḍākinīs and twenty-four Goddesses [viz., Jayā] come to the Yogin’s place, forming a maṇḍala.

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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Jayā (जया) is the mother of Vāsupūjya according to Śvetāmbara (but she is named Vijayā according to Digambara), according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). Vāsupūjya is the twelfth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism. A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The husband of Jayā is Vasupūjya. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Jaya (जय) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Jaya] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: HereNow4U: Lord Śrī Pārśvanātha

Jaya (जय).—Jaya and Vijaya:—Both of them were residents of Śrāvastī and were brothers. Both loved each other. Once they dreamt that they have a very short life. Feeling disenchanted with life, they came to the Lord to accept mendicancy and taking initiation, became Gaṇadharas.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Jayā.—(IA 23), hemp. (EI 12), name of a tithi. Note: jayā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jaya : (m.) victory; conquest. || jāyā (f.) wife.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Jāyā, (f.) (from jan) wife Vin. II, 259=264; J. IV, 285.

— or —

Jayā, f. (Vedic jāyā) wife only in cpd. jayampatikā, the lady of the house and her husband, the two heads of the household. That the wife should be put first might seem suggestive of the matriarchate, but the expression means just simply “the pair of them, ” and the context has never anything to do with the matriarchate. ‹-› husband & wife, a married couple S. II, 98; J. I, 347; IV, 70, of birds. See also jāyampatikā. (Page 279)

— or —

Jaya, (see jayati) vanquishing, overcoming, victory D. I, 10; Sn. 681; J. II, 406; opp. parājaya Vism. 401.

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jaya (जय).—m (S) Conquest, victory, triumph. 2 It is prefixed, with or without reduplication, to the names of the gods in invocations. Ex. jayaviṭhōbā, jayarāmacandra, jayadēvā. jaya karaṇēṃ g. of o. To defeat or conquer. jayāṃ or jayāsa jāṇēṃ To prosper or be successful--efforts, measures, conduct.

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jayā (जया).—f S A common term for the third, eighth, and thirteenth lunar days of either half month.

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jāyā (जाया).—f (S) A wife, the wife of.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jaya (जय).—m Conquest, victory, triumph; success.

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jāyā (जाया).—f A wife, the wife of.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jayā (जया).—f. The name of a magical lore (often mentioned with vijayā) taught by Viśvāmitra to Rāma, विद्यामथैनं विजयां जयां च (vidyāmathainaṃ vijayāṃ jayāṃ ca) Bk.2.21.

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Jāyā (जाया).—A wife. (The word is thus derived-patirbhāryāṃ saṃpraviśya garbho bhūtveha jāyate | jāyāyāstaddhi jāyātvaṃ yadasyāṃ jāyate punaḥ || Ms.9.8; see also Malli. on R.2.1.) As last member of Bah. comp. जाया (jāyā) is changed to जानि (jāni); सीताजानिः (sītājāniḥ) 'one who has Sītā for his wife'; so युवजानिः, मामार्धजानिः (yuvajāniḥ, māmārdhajāniḥ)

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Jaya (जय).—[ji bhāve ac]

1) Conquest, triumph, victory, success, winning (in battle, game or a law-suit); सप्त वित्तागमा धर्म्या दायो लाभः क्रयो जयः (sapta vittāgamā dharmyā dāyo lābhaḥ krayo jayaḥ) Mb.1.115.

2) Restraint, curbing, conquest as in इन्द्रियजय (indriyajaya).

3) Name of the sun.

4) Name of Jayanta, son of Indra; जगृहे च धनुधीता मुसलं तु जयस्तथा (jagṛhe ca dhanudhītā musalaṃ tu jayastathā) Mb.1.227.34.

5) Name of Yudhiṣṭhira, the first Pāndava prince.

6) Name of an attendant of Visnu.

7) An epithet of Arjuna; संस्मरन् भ्रातरं जयम् (saṃsmaran bhrātaraṃ jayam) Mb.3.158.2.

8) Name of the Mahābhārata; देवीं सरस्वतीं चैव ततो जयमुदीरयेत् (devīṃ sarasvatīṃ caiva tato jayamudīrayet) Mb.1.1.1; Bhāg.1.2.4;

9) The heroic sentiment; सहजेतरौ जयशमौ दधती (sahajetarau jayaśamau dadhatī) Ki.6.22.

1) Words of victory; जयेन वर्धयित्वा च मारीचप्रमुखास्ततः (jayena vardhayitvā ca mārīcapramukhāstataḥ) Rām.7.23.3.

-yā 1 Name of Durgā.

2) Name of an attendant of the goddess Durgā.

3) A kind of banner.

4) The third, eighth or thirteenth lunar days of any of the two lunar fortnights.

Derivable forms: jayaḥ (जयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jaya (जय).—(1) nt. (otherwise recorded only as m.), victory: yadi no jayaṃ syāt Lalitavistara 304.14 (verse); no v.l.; (2) m., name of a youth, previous incarnation of Aśoka: Divyāvadāna 366.7, 9.

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Jayā (जया).—name of one of the four Kumārī, q.v., or Bhaginī: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 537.7; 539.7, et alibi; probably the same a yakṣiṇī, (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 573.14; 574.4.

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Jāyā (जाया).—name of a lokadhātu: Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 37.5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaya (जय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Conquest, victory, triumph. 2. A name of YuDhish- T'Hira. 3. A proper name, the son of Indra. 4. One of Vishnu'S door keepers. 5. The name of a king; also vijayanandana. 6. A kind of Mung or bean, (Phaseolus mungo.) f.

(-yā) 1. A name of the goddess Parvati. 2. One of her female companions. 3. The 3rd, 8th, or 13th lunar day of either half month. 4. Yellow myrobalan, (Terminalia chebula.) 5. A plant: see jayantī. 6. A tree, commonly Ganiyari, (Premna spinosa.) 7. Hemp, (Cannabis sativa.) 8. A banner, a flag. E. ji to conquer or exel, affixes bhāve ac and ṭāp.

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Jaya (जय) or Jayya.—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Able to conquer, victorious. E. ji to subdue, affix yat, deriv. irr. jetuṃ śakyaḥ .

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Jāyā (जाया).—f.

(-yā) A wife, one wedded according to the perfect ritual. E. jan to be born, affix yak; in whom a man is again born, that is to say, he is re-born in his children. jāyate asyām .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaya (जय).—i. e. ji + a, I. latter part of comp. adj. Conquering. Ii. m. 1. Victory, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 183. 2. Conquest, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 19, 22. 3. Resigning, resignation, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 28, 5. 4. A name of the sun, Mahābhārata 3, 154. 5. A proper name, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 13, 22. Iii. f. , A name of Durgā, Mahābhārata 4, 194.

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Jāyā (जाया).—i. e. jan + yā, f. A spouse, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 8.

— Cf. [Latin] gaja.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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