Vasu, aka: Vasū, Vāsu, Vāsū; 16 Definition(s)


Vasu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Vasu (वसु).—The krt. affix क्वसु (kvasu) which see above. The word वसु (vasu) is used for क्वसु (kvasu) by the Varttikakara; cf. वसुसंप्रसारणमाज्विधौ सिद्धं वक्तव्यम् (vasusaṃprasāraṇamājvidhau siddhaṃ vaktavyam) P.VI.4.22 Vart. 9.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1) Vasu (वसु):—Son of Bhūtajyoti (son of Sumati). He had a son named Pratīka. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.2)

2) Vasu (वसु):—One of the four sons of Kuśa (son of Ajaka). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.15.4)

3) (Uparicara) Vasu (उपरिचर वसु):—Son of Kṛtī (son of Cyavana, who was the son of Suhotra, who was the son of Sudhanu). He had many sons, amongst which were Kuśāmba, Matsya, Pratyagra and Cedipa. They were all headed by another son named Bṛhadratha, and all of them became ruler of the Cedi state. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.4-6)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Vasu (वसु).—A King named Uparicaravasu. For further details see under Uparicaravasu).

2) Vasu (वसु).—Aṣṭavasus. (The eight Vasus). (For further details see under Aṣṭavasus).

3) Vasu (वसु).—A son born to Kuśa, King of Kanyākubja by his wife Vaidarbhī. Kuśa had four sons, Kuśāmba, Kuśanābha, Asūrtarajas and Vasu. Of them Kuśāmba built the city of Kauśāmbī, Kuśanābha the city of Mahodayapura, Asūrtarajas the city of Dharmāraṇya and Vasu the city of Girivraja which is erected in the middle of five hills. The river Māgadhī flows around this city. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Bālakāṇḍa Sarga 32).

4) Vasu (वसु).—A Vasu is mentioned in Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa Chapter 58, as the brother of Paraśurāma. Vasu, Rumaṇvān, Suṣeṇa, Viśvāvasu and Paraśurāma were the five sons born to Jamadagni by his wife Reṇukā.

5) Vasu (वसु).—A son of Murāsura. The sons of Murāsura were, Tāmra, Antarīkṣa, Śravaṇa, Vasu, Vibhāvasu, Nabhasvān and Aruṇa. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 10).

6) Vasu (वसु).—A mighty King of the Kṛmi dynasty. (Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 74, Stanza 13).

7) Vasu (वसु).—It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 94, Stanza 17, that the King Īlina had five sons, Duṣyanta, Śūra, Bhīma, Pravasu and Vasu by his wife Rathantarī.

8) Vasu (वसु).—A scholarly Brahmin-hermit. The hermit Paila was the son of this Vasu. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva Chapter 33, Stanza 35).

9) Vasu (वसु).—Vasu is used as a synonym of Śiva in Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 17, Stanza 140.

10) Vasu (वसु).—A name of Mahāviṣṇu. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 149, Stanza 25).

11) Vasu (वसु).—A King. He was born to Uttānapāda by Sūnṛtā. A controversy arose among hermits once, about cow-sacrifice and for a solution of the problem the hermits approached this king Vasu, who told them his perception that the sacrifice of cow was, strictly speaking, a matter of slaughter and as such it was to be forbidden. As the hermits could not agree with the King, they cursed him "Let the King go to Pātāla (underworld). Vasu then did very severe penance and attained heaven. (Matsya Purāṇa, 143, 18-25).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Vasu (वसु) refers to a group of deities that was once worshipped in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) according to the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Various groups of the deities like Ādityas, Vasus, Sādhyas, Viśvedevas and Maruts have their place in the pantheon of the Nīlamata but nothing significant is said about them.

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

1a) Vasu (वसु).—A son of Vastara and Svarvīthi.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 12.

1b) A son of Hiraṇyaretas; also the name of a territorial division of Kuśadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 14.

1c) (vāstu-br. p.)—a Vasu, wife Angirasī, and son Viśvakarman.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 11 and 15.

1d) The son of Bhūtajyotis, and father of Pratīka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 17-18.

1e) A daughter of Dakṣa and one of the ten wives of Dharma; gave birth to eight Vasus.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 4, 10-11; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 50, 61; III. 3. 2 and 20. Matsya-purāṇa 5. 15: Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 105; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 2.

1f) One of the four sons of Kuśa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 15. 4; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 32; Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 62; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 7. 8.

1g) A son of Mura (s.v.).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 59. 12.

1h) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Sāmbā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 13.

1i) (also vasudhāma)—another name for Brahmajyoti Agni.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 43; Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 21.

1j) One of the ten sons of Kardama; attained heaven by tapas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 9; 30. 39.

1k) Is Soma.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 88.

1l) A son of Uttānapāda: Asked to arbitrate in the dispute involving animal sacrifice; said that yajña involved hiṃsa and justified Vasu's action: cursed therefor by sages to live in Rasātala (Pātāla-m.p.): attained heaven by tapas;1 his daughter Acchodāmatsyagandhi married Parāśara and gave birth to Vyāsa;2 a Rājaṛṣi.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 30. 23-32, 39 and 47; 36. 89; Matsya-purāṇa 143. 18-25. Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 111; 57. 101-11; 62. 76.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 14. 14.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 57. 122.

1m) A Pratardana god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 30.

1n) A god of Ādya group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 69.

1o) A Yakṣa: a son of Puṇyajanī and Maṇibhadra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 123. Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 154.

1p) The great grand-son of Pṛthu and son of Kṛmi and equal to Indra: Cedipati;1 father of Upamanyu from whom the Upamanyava clan sprang.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 98; 68. 27; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 25-6; Vāyu-purāṇa 93. 26.
  • 2) Ib. 70. 89.

1q) A devī attending on Soma.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 65. 26.

1r) A son of Devarakṣitā and Vasudeva, killed by Kaṃsa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 181; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 178.

1s) (Kāśyapa), a sage of the Rohita epoch.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 62; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 23.

1t) A son of Purūravas and Ūrvaśī.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 24. 33.

1u) One of the ten sons of Svāyambhuva Manu;1 attained heaven by tapas.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 9. 5; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 104; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 17.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 143. 38.

1v) A son of Sāvarṇi Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 33.

1w) Left her consort, Mārīcakaśyapa for Soma.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 23. 25.

1x) A son of Bhṛgu; one of the ten Viśvedevas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 13; 203. 13.

1y) Eight in number, and sons of Dharma and Vasu;1 worshipped for wealth;2 fought with Kāleyas in a Devāsura war; gods of the Vaivasvata epoch, who wait on Hari;3 came with other gods to Dvārakā to ask Kṛṣṇa to go to Vaikuṇṭha.4 Brothers of Sādhyas and cursed to experience birth by sexual union; vanquished by Rāvaṇa; their overlord was Agni;5 also Jyotiṣmantas and Vyāpakas;6 one of the seven classes of deities of the Vaivasvata epoch;7 eight in number considered as aṃśā of Vāsudeva;8 Pitṛs said to be Vasus;9 Somapas.10

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 10; 7. 2; 10. 17; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 38. 2; IV. 15. 24.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 3. 3; IX. 24. 53; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 31.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 10. 34; 13. 4; IX. 24. 52; X. 39. 54.
  • 4) Ib. XI. 6. 2; 16. 13.
  • 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 27. 24; III. 3. 20 and 80; 7. 254; 8. 5; Matsya-purāṇa 8. 4; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 22. 3; V. 1. 17; 4. 5.
  • 6) Matsya-purāṇa 5. 17; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 9. 64 and 70; 15. 105.
  • 7) Matsya-purāṇa 9. 29.
  • 8) Ib. 5. 20-21; 25. 43; 36. 1; 52. 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 71; 39, 49; 30. 83, 99; 64. 2; 66. 19; 69. 44; 106. 59; 109. 22; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 109-10.
  • 9) Matsya-purāṇa 19. 3.
  • 10) Ib. 69. 62; 132. 3; 203. 3; 246. 60; 247. 11.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vasu (वसु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.63.2, I.60.37) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vasu) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Vasu (वसु) refer to good or bright Gods, they are:

  1. Apa: containing water,
  2. Dhruva: polestar,
  3. Soma: moon,
  4. Dharā: earth,
  5. Anila: wind,
  6. Anala: fire,
  7. Pratyūṣa: dawn,
  8. Prabhāsa: light.
Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 1
Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

The eight Vasus are divine beings, who reside in the heaven along with the Devas. The eldest of them was named Dhyou. Once they incurred the displeasure of the sage Vasishta who cursed them to be born on the earth. They were born as the sons of King Shantanu of the Chandra dynasty and his wife, the goddess Ganga. All but the eldest Dhyou were drowned on birth by Ganga, enabling them to return to their heavenly abode. The eldest of the Vasus, however, had been cursed with a life of sorrow and therefore survived for a long time. He was a renowned warrior and the grand old man of the Kuru dynasty, Bhishma.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A class of devas of whom Sakka is the chief. See Vasava. D.ii.260; DA.ii.690.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Vasu (वसु) is the father of Acalabhrātā: the ninth of the eleven gaṇadharas (group-leader) of Mahāvīra.—Śramaṇa Lord Mahāvīra’s congregation had 11 gaṇadharas. All these were Brahmin householders from different places. All these gaṇadharas (for example, Acalabhrātā) were Brahmins by caste and Vedic scholars. After taking initiation, they all studied the 11 Aṅgas. Hence, all of them had the knowledge of the 14 pūrvas and possessed special attainments (labdhis).

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

vasu : (nt.) wealth.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vasu, (nt.) (Vedic vasu good, cp. Gr. e)uζ good, Oir. fīu worthy, Goth. iusiza better) wealth; only in cpds. °deva the god of wealth, i.e. Kṛṣṇa (Kaṇha) Miln. 191 (as °devā followers of K.); J. V, 326 (here in T. as ādicco vāsudevo pabhaṅkaro, expld in C. as vasudevo vasujotano, i.e. an Ep. of the sun); Vism. 233 (Vāsudevo baladevo).—°dharā (f.) (as vasun-dharā) the bearer of wealth, i.e. the earth S. I, 100; A. III, 34; J. V, 425; Vism. 205, 366; DA. I, 61.—°dhā id. J. I, 25; Ap 53; Vism. 125. (Page 605)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vasu (वसु).—m (S) A kind of demigod of whom eight are enumerated. 2 n S Wealth.

--- OR ---

vasū (वसू).—m (vṛṣa S) A bull-calf or a bull branded and set at liberty. Pr. mājalā vasū khāyāsa kāḷa. 2 m f also vasūṃ n A ring or band of iron around the head (of a mallet, rammer, pounder &c.) to prevent it from splitting, a beetle-ring. 2 The iron lining within the nave of a wheel, jānavaḷēṃ, or any roller: also the band which passes around the phāḷa or share of a plough and connects it with the nāgarakhuṇṭa or spindle.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vasu (वसु).—m A kind of demi-god. n Wealth.

--- OR ---

vasū (वसू).—m A bull branded and set at liberty.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vasu (वसु).—a. Sweet.

2) Dry.

3) Ved. Wealthy, rich.

4) Ved. Good. -n. [वस्-उन् (vas-un) Uṇ.1.1]

1) Wealth, riches; स्वयं प्रदुग्धेऽस्य गुणैरुपस्नुता वसूपमानस्य वसूनि मेदिनी (svayaṃ pradugdhe'sya guṇairupasnutā vasūpamānasya vasūni medinī) Ki.1.18; R.8.31; 9.6 वस्वीशाद् वसुनिकरं (vasvīśād vasunikaraṃ) (labdhvā) धृतानुरागा (dhṛtānurāgā) Rām. ch.7.58.

2) A jewel, gem.

3) Gold.

4) Water; वसु काल उपादत्ते काले चायं विमुञ्चति (vasu kāla upādatte kāle cāyaṃ vimuñcati) Bhāg.4.16.6.

5) A thing, substance; त्रात्वार्थितो जगति पुत्रपदं च लेभे दुग्धा वसूनि वसुधा सकलानि येन (trātvārthito jagati putrapadaṃ ca lebhe dugdhā vasūni vasudhā sakalāni yena) Bhāg.2.7.9; Mb.12.98.2.

6) A kind of salt.

7) A medicinal root (vṛddhi).

8) A yellow kind of kidney-bean.

9) The ghee (ghṛta); विधिना वेददृष्टेन वसोर्धारा- मिवाध्वरे (vidhinā vedadṛṣṭena vasordhārā- mivādhvare) Mb.13.2.35. -m.

1) Name of a class of deities (usually pl. in this sense); सेयं भूरिवसोर्वसोरिव सुता मृत्यो- र्मुखे वर्तते (seyaṃ bhūrivasorvasoriva sutā mṛtyo- rmukhe vartate) Māl 5.24; Ki.1.18; (the Vasus are eight in number :-1 āpa, 2 dhruva, 3 soma, 4 dhara or dhava, 5 anila, 6 anala, 7 pratyūṣa, and 8 prabhāsa; sometimes aha is substituted for āpa; dharo dhruvaśca somaśca ahaścaivānilo'nalaḥ | pratyūṣaśca prabhāsaśca vasavo'ṣṭāviti smṛtāḥ).

2) The number 'eight'.

3) Name of Kubera.

4) Of Śiva.

5) Of Agni.

6) A tree.

7) A lake, pond.

8) A rein.

9) The tie of a yoke.

1) A halter.

11) A ray of light; निरकाशयद्रविमपेतवसुं वियदालयादपरदिग्गणिका (nirakāśayadravimapetavasuṃ viyadālayādaparadiggaṇikā) Śi.9.1; शिथिलवसुमगाधे मग्नमापत् पयोधौ (śithilavasumagādhe magnamāpat payodhau) Ki.1.46 (in both cases vasu means 'wealth' also).

12) The sun.

13) The distance from the elbow to the closed fist. -f.

1) A ray of light.

2) Light, radiance.

3) A medicinal root (vṛddhi).

--- OR ---

Vāsu (वासु).—

1) The soul.

2) The soul of the universe, Supreme Being.

3) Name of Viṣṇu.

4) The constellation पुनर्वसु (punarvasu).

Derivable forms: vāsuḥ (वासुः).

--- OR ---

Vāsū (वासू).—f. A young girl, maiden (used chiefly in dramas); एषासि वासु शिरसि गृहीता (eṣāsi vāsu śirasi gṛhītā) Mk.1.41; वासु प्रसीद (vāsu prasīda) Mk.1.

Derivable forms: vāsūḥ (वासूः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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