Neck: 2 definitions

Introduction:

Neck means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (shilpa)

The Neck is denoted by the Sanskrit term Grīvā, and represents one of the various body parts whose Measurements should follow the principles of ancient Indian Painting (citra), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—In the third part of the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, chapters 35th to 43rd are dedicated to the Painting of different portraits of different kinds of men and women. The measurement of almost all the body parts that should be maintained in a picture have been presented here. For example, the Neck (grīvā) should be 12 aṅgulas.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

The Neck is denoted by the Sanskrit term Grīva, according to the Mataṅgapārameśvaratantra (Mataṅgapārameśvara’s Yogapāda) verse 2.23-27.—In later Tantras, various details [such as fixing the eyes on some object] often preceded the verses on the seated postures, thereby indicating that the position of the hands, torso and gaze was ancillary to all of the prescribed postures. In the Mataṅgapārameśvara, these postural ancillaries [making use of the neck] constitute what they call a karaṇa, and when it is combined with a seated pose, the Yogin’s posture becomes just as complicated as any seated pose described in later medieval yoga texts.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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