Unmatta: 31 definitions


Unmatta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Unmat.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Unmattā (उन्मत्ता) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Unmattā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Unmatta (उन्मत्त).—A warrior of a class of Rākṣasas (giants). In Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 10, it is mentioned that this warrior died in the battle between Rāma and Rāvaṇa. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order:—Brahmā—Heti—Vidyutkeśa—Sukeśa—Mālyavān—Unmatta.

Vidyutkeśa was born to Heti, the son of Brahmā by his wife Bhayā; Sukeśa was born to Vidyutkeśa by his wife Sālakaṭaṅkā and Mālī, Sumālī and Mālyavān were born to Sukeśa of his wife Devavatī, and to Mālyavān by his wife Śundarī, seven sons named Vajramuṣṭi, Virūpākṣa, Durmukha, Suptaghna, Yajñakośa, Matta and Unmatta and a daughter named Nalā were born. Prahasta, Akampana, Vikaṭa, Kālakāmukha, Dhūmrākṣa and some more Rākṣasas were the sons of Sumālī, brother of Mālyavān. Kaikasī, the mother of Rāvaṇa, was the sister of Prahasta. (See full article at Story of Unmatta from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Unmattā (उन्मत्ता) refers to “mad women”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.5 (“Kārttikeya is crowned”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “In the meantime he saw an excellent, lustrous and wonderful chariot, made by Viśvakarman. It was a commodious with a hundred wheels. It was beautiful and had the quickness of the mind. It had been sent by Pārvatī and was surrounded by the excellent attendants of Śiva. With an aching heart, Kārttikeya, born of the semen of lord Śiva, the perfectly wise and endless Being, got into it. At the same time, the distressed grief-stricken Kṛttikās approached him with dishevelled hair and began to speak like mad women (unmattā)”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Unmatta (उन्मत्त).—A Bhairava god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 19. 78.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of unmatta in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Unmatta (उन्मत्त) is the Sanskrit name of a form of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there are eight main forms of Bhairava who control the eight directions of this universe. The term is used throughout Śilpaśāstra literature.

Unmatta has the following eight manifestations:

  1. Unmatta,
  2. Vaṭukanāyaka,
  3. Śaṅkara,
  4. Bhūtavetāla,
  5. Triṇetra,
  6. Tripurāntaka,
  7. Varada,
  8. Parvatāvāsa.

All these have a white color and should be of good looks; they should carry in their hands the kuṇḍa, the kheṭaka, the parigha (a kind of club) and bhiṇḍipāla.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shilpa)

Unmatta (उन्मत्त) or Unmattamūrti refers to one of the ten forms (mūrti) of Śiva mentioned in the Ajitāgama (under the Maheśvararūpa heading): the fifth among the Siddhāntaśaivāgamas. The forms of Śiva (e.g., Unmatta) are established through a process known as Sādākhya, described as a five-fold process of creation.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of unmatta in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Unmatta (उन्मत्त).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 4. The instructions for this unmatta-karaṇa is as follows, “feet to be Añcita and hands to be Recita.”.

A karaṇa represents a minor dance movements and combines sthāna (standing position), cārī (foot and leg movement) and nṛttahasta (hands in dancing position).

2) Unmatta (उन्मत्त) refers to “lunatics”, whose mask should be represented with long hair (lambakeśaka), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing masks is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Unmatta (उन्मत्त) refers to one of the 108 kinds of Karaṇa (“coordination of precise movements of legs and hands”), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, karaṇas are the coordination of precise movements of legs and hands performed in a particular posture. The Nāṭyaśāstra also gives its view point in the same spirit. In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, one hundred and eight kinds of karaṇas are accepted, e.g., Unmatta.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of unmatta in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Unmatta in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

1) Unmatta (उन्मत्त) refers to “mad”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 3.98

2) Unmatta (उन्मत्त) or Unmattaka refers to the “mad flower”.—Cf. Heman (the Dhattūra plant).—In verse 3.98 Śrīharṣa mentions the unmatta or “mad”, flower, i.e. the flower of the Dhattūra plant, as the favourite of Śiva. It was usual to wroship Śiva with Dhattūra and other flowers, e.g. in connection with the Kālāṣṭamī and other vratas. See Vāmanapurāṇa quoted in Kṛtyakalpataru (Vratakāṇḍa), p. 262 (G.O.S.); and citations from Bhaviṣyatpurāṇa in the same work (pp. 251. 253, 255) which mention the Unmatta (Unmattaka) flower.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

Discover the meaning of unmatta in the context of Kavya from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Unmatta (उन्मत्त) refers to one of the eight Servants (ceṭa-aṣṭaka) associated with Pūrṇagiri or Pūrṇapīṭha (which is located in the northern quarter), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight servants: Pulinda, Śavara, Unmatta, Palāśana, Ulūka, Mārīca, Sumatta, Bhayaṃkara.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha

Unmattā (उन्मत्ता) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Unmattā] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Unmattā (उन्मत्ता) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Unmattā]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of unmatta in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Unmattā (उन्मत्ता) refers to “intoxicated”, according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “If he sees anybody who is abusing the Guru, he should beat him or [at least] curse him. Or, if he is unable [to do so], he should leave the place. He should not ridicule the worship of the [Yoginī] clans, or despise Yogins or Yoginīs, women when they are intoxicated (unmattā), or nourished, or the wine-pot, or Śiva, or the Guru”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of unmatta in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Unmatta in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Unmatta (उन्मत्त) refers to “madness”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] Adopting external sectarian emblems such as [carrying] one staff, three staffs and so on; [wearing] matted hair, ashes and the like; plucking out the hair and nakedness; wearing ochre robes; pretending to be mad (unmatta-tva), adopting the way of a non-vedic religion and [consuming] food and drink that should not be consumed, [are all] seen in various religions. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Discover the meaning of unmatta in the context of Yoga from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Unmatta (उन्मत्त, “intoxication”) or Unmattatā refers to one of the eight causes of snake-bites (daṣṭa-kāraṇa), as taught in the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Agadatantra or Sarpavidyā).—The Kāśyapasaṃhitā cites eight reasons that cause snake-bites which are—fear, intoxication (unmattatā), hunger, attack, pride, lack of dwelling, previous enmity and fate.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of unmatta in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Unmatta (उन्मत्त, “insane”).—According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV), “then, amongst the beings of the trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadāthu, the insane (unmatta) became rational”. Why is one insane? Answer. – For having committed the following sins in the course of previous lifetimes: molesting someone deep in dhyāna, destroying the monastery of meditators (dhyāyin), deceiving people by means of spells (mantra) in order to inspire them to hatred, anger or sensual desires.

In the present lifetime insanity is caused by the heaviness of the fetters. Extremely irritable people, unable to contain themselves, become completely insane (unmatta). Mad people (mūḍha), by a sad mistake, cover their bodies with ashes (bhasman), tear out their hair (keśa), go about naked and eat dung (purīśa) in their madness. After a serious illness, a sickness of wind (vāyuvyādhi) or a sickness of fire (tejovyādhi), people become insane. Others are insane because they are possessed by evil demons or because they have stupidly drunk rain water. This is how one loses one’s reason, and all these individuals are called insane. But when they succeed in seeing the Buddha, these madmen recover their reason.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of unmatta in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Unmatta (उन्मत्त) is the name of a Bhairava deity [i.e., oṃ unmattabhairavāya svāhā], according to the Vāruṇī Pūjā [i.e., Varuni Worship] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of unmatta in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra

Unmatta (उन्मत्त).—An intoxicated or mad person is called unmatta. according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.32, “Owing to lack of discrimination between the real and the unreal, wrong knowledge is whimsical as that of a lunatic”.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Unmatta (उन्मत्त) refers to “(being) intoxicated (with passion)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Here in the world a whole multitude of objects, and the supremacy that is desired by the chiefs of snakes, men and gods, and other than [that], family, power, prosperity, and wanton women [com.—wanton women (uddāmarāmāḥ) are women (striyaḥ) intoxicated with passion (madonmattāḥ)] , etc. is easily obtained. On the contrary, that very same jewel of enlightenment alone is difficult to obtain. [Thus ends the reflection on] enlightenment”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of unmatta in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

unmatta (उन्मत्त).—a (S) Haughty, arrogant, supercilious. 2 Intoxicated, lit. fig.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

unmatta (उन्मत्त).—a Haughty, arrogant. Intoxicated.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of unmatta in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Unmatta (उन्मत्त).—p. p.

1) drunk, intoxicated.

2) Insane, frantic, mad; द्वावत्रोन्मत्तौ (dvāvatronmattau) V.2; अहो उन्मत्तास्मि संवृत्ता (aho unmattāsmi saṃvṛttā) U. 3,5.3; Ś.6; Manusmṛti 9.79.

3) (a) Puffed, elevated. (b) Furious, wild; मदोन्मत्तस्य भूपस्य कुञ्जरस्य च गच्छतः (madonmattasya bhūpasya kuñjarasya ca gacchataḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1. 161; Uttararāmacarita 2; Śiśupālavadha 6.31.

4) Possessed by a ghost or an evil-spirit; Y.2.32; Manusmṛti 3.161 (vātapittaśleṣmasaṃnipātagraha- saṃbhavenopasṛṣṭaḥ Mitā.).

5) Very great, abnormal. उन्मत्तवेगाः प्लवगा मधुमत्ताश्च हृष्टवत् (unmattavegāḥ plavagā madhumattāśca hṛṣṭavat) Rām.5.62.12.

-ttaḥ 1 the thorn apple (dhattūra); Name of another tree (mucakunda).

2) Name of one of the eight forms of Bhairava.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Unmatta (उन्मत्त).—mfn.

(-ttaḥ-ttā-ttaṃ) 1. Insane, frantic, mad. 2. Drunk, intoxicated. m.

(-ttaḥ) 1. The thorn apple, (Datura metel and fastuosa) 2. A plant, (Pterospermum acerifolium.) E. ut much, matta drunk or mad: applied to the plants, it alludes to their deleterious properties.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Unmatta (उन्मत्त).—[adjective] excited, intoxicated, drunk, mad, furious; [masculine] the thorn-apple.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Unmatta (उन्मत्त):—[=un-matta] a etc. See un-mad.

2) [=un-matta] [from un-mad] b mfn. disordered in intellect, distracted, insane, frantic, mad, [Atharva-veda vi, 111, 3; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] drunk, intoxicated, furious, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Śakuntalā] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] m. the thorn-apple, Datura Metel and Fastuosa, [Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] Pterospermum Acerifolium, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a Rakṣas, [Rāmāyaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of one of the eight forms of Bhairava.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Unmatta (उन्मत्त):—[unma+tta] (ttaḥ-ttā-ttaṃ) a. Insane, drunk. m. The thorn-apple.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Unmatta (उन्मत्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ummatta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Unmatta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of unmatta in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Unmatta in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Unmatta (उन्मत्त) [Also spelled unmat]:—(a) intoxicated; wild; crazy; hence ~[] (nf); —[pralāpa] mad/delirious utterances, disjointed and irrelevant talk, raving; —[honā] to be in a frenzy; to be hysterical; to run amuck.

context information


Discover the meaning of unmatta in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Unmatta (ಉನ್ಮತ್ತ):—

1) [adjective] having the nervous system affected by intoxicating drinks (liquors); intoxicated; drunk.

2) [adjective] wild with anger, pain, worry, frantic.

3) [adjective] lost mental balance from haughtiness.

--- OR ---

Unmatta (ಉನ್ಮತ್ತ):—

1) [noun] an insane man; a mad man.

2) [noun] a haughty, arrogant man.

3) [noun] the plant Datura fastuosa of Solanaceae family, with small bright yellow flowers.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of unmatta in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: