Unmatta: 19 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Unmatta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Unmattā (उन्मत्ता) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Unmattā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Unmatta (उन्मत्त).—A warrior of a class of Rākṣasas (giants). In Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 10, it is mentioned that this warrior died in the battle between Rāma and Rāvaṇa. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order:—Brahmā—Heti—Vidyutkeśa—Sukeśa—Mālyavān—Unmatta.

Vidyutkeśa was born to Heti, the son of Brahmā by his wife Bhayā; Sukeśa was born to Vidyutkeśa by his wife Sālakaṭaṅkā and Mālī, Sumālī and Mālyavān were born to Sukeśa of his wife Devavatī, and to Mālyavān by his wife Śundarī, seven sons named Vajramuṣṭi, Virūpākṣa, Durmukha, Suptaghna, Yajñakośa, Matta and Unmatta and a daughter named Nalā were born. Prahasta, Akampana, Vikaṭa, Kālakāmukha, Dhūmrākṣa and some more Rākṣasas were the sons of Sumālī, brother of Mālyavān. Kaikasī, the mother of Rāvaṇa, was the sister of Prahasta. (See full article at Story of Unmatta from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Unmatta (उन्मत्त).—A Bhairava god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 19. 78.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Unmatta (उन्मत्त) is the Sanskrit name of a form of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there are eight main forms of Bhairava who control the eight directions of this universe. The term is used throughout Śilpaśāstra literature.

Unmatta has the following eight manifestations:

  1. Unmatta,
  2. Vaṭukanāyaka,
  3. Śaṅkara,
  4. Bhūtavetāla,
  5. Triṇetra,
  6. Tripurāntaka,
  7. Varada,
  8. Parvatāvāsa.

All these have a white color and should be of good looks; they should carry in their hands the kuṇḍa, the kheṭaka, the parigha (a kind of club) and bhiṇḍipāla.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shilpa)

Unmatta (उन्मत्त) or Unmattamūrti refers to one of the ten forms (mūrti) of Śiva mentioned in the Ajitāgama (under the Maheśvararūpa heading): the fifth among the Siddhāntaśaivāgamas. The forms of Śiva (e.g., Unmatta) are established through a process known as Sādākhya, described as a five-fold process of creation.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Unmatta (उन्मत्त).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 4. The instructions for this unmatta-karaṇa is as follows, “feet to be Añcita and hands to be Recita.”.

A karaṇa represents a minor dance movements and combines sthāna (standing position), cārī (foot and leg movement) and nṛttahasta (hands in dancing position).

2) Unmatta (उन्मत्त) refers to “lunatics”, whose mask should be represented with long hair (lambakeśaka), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing masks is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (U) next»] — Unmatta in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

1) Unmatta (उन्मत्त) refers to “mad”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 3.98

2) Unmatta (उन्मत्त) or Unmattaka refers to the “mad flower”.—Cf. Heman (the Dhattūra plant).—In verse 3.98 Śrīharṣa mentions the unmatta or “mad”, flower, i.e. the flower of the Dhattūra plant, as the favourite of Śiva. It was usual to wroship Śiva with Dhattūra and other flowers, e.g. in connection with the Kālāṣṭamī and other vratas. See Vāmanapurāṇa quoted in Kṛtyakalpataru (Vratakāṇḍa), p. 262 (G.O.S.); and citations from Bhaviṣyatpurāṇa in the same work (pp. 251. 253, 255) which mention the Unmatta (Unmattaka) flower.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha

Unmattā (उन्मत्ता) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Unmattā] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Unmattā (उन्मत्ता) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Unmattā]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Unmatta (उन्मत्त, “insane”).—According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV), “then, amongst the beings of the trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadāthu, the insane (unmatta) became rational”. Why is one insane? Answer. – For having committed the following sins in the course of previous lifetimes: molesting someone deep in dhyāna, destroying the monastery of meditators (dhyāyin), deceiving people by means of spells (mantra) in order to inspire them to hatred, anger or sensual desires.

In the present lifetime insanity is caused by the heaviness of the fetters. Extremely irritable people, unable to contain themselves, become completely insane (unmatta). Mad people (mūḍha), by a sad mistake, cover their bodies with ashes (bhasman), tear out their hair (keśa), go about naked and eat dung (purīśa) in their madness. After a serious illness, a sickness of wind (vāyuvyādhi) or a sickness of fire (tejovyādhi), people become insane. Others are insane because they are possessed by evil demons or because they have stupidly drunk rain water. This is how one loses one’s reason, and all these individuals are called insane. But when they succeed in seeing the Buddha, these madmen recover their reason.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Unmatta (उन्मत्त).—An intoxicated or mad person is called unmatta. according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.32, “Owing to lack of discrimination between the real and the unreal, wrong knowledge is whimsical as that of a lunatic”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

unmatta (उन्मत्त).—a (S) Haughty, arrogant, supercilious. 2 Intoxicated, lit. fig.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

unmatta (उन्मत्त).—a Haughty, arrogant. Intoxicated.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Unmatta (उन्मत्त).—p. p.

1) drunk, intoxicated.

2) Insane, frantic, mad; द्वावत्रोन्मत्तौ (dvāvatronmattau) V.2; अहो उन्मत्तास्मि संवृत्ता (aho unmattāsmi saṃvṛttā) U. 3,5.3; Ś.6; Ms.9.79.

3) (a) Puffed, elevated. (b) Furious, wild; मदोन्मत्तस्य भूपस्य कुञ्जरस्य च गच्छतः (madonmattasya bhūpasya kuñjarasya ca gacchataḥ) Pt.1. 161; U.2; Śi.6.31.

4) Possessed by a ghost or an evil-spirit; Y.2.32; Ms.3.161 (vātapittaśleṣmasaṃnipātagraha- saṃbhavenopasṛṣṭaḥ Mitā.).

5) Very great, abnormal. उन्मत्तवेगाः प्लवगा मधुमत्ताश्च हृष्टवत् (unmattavegāḥ plavagā madhumattāśca hṛṣṭavat) Rām.5.62.12.

-ttaḥ 1 the thorn apple (dhattūra); Name of another tree (mucakunda).

2) Name of one of the eight forms of Bhairava.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Unmatta (उन्मत्त).—mfn.

(-ttaḥ-ttā-ttaṃ) 1. Insane, frantic, mad. 2. Drunk, intoxicated. m.

(-ttaḥ) 1. The thorn apple, (Datura metel and fastuosa) 2. A plant, (Pterospermum acerifolium.) E. ut much, matta drunk or mad: applied to the plants, it alludes to their deleterious properties.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Unmatta (उन्मत्त).—[adjective] excited, intoxicated, drunk, mad, furious; [masculine] the thorn-apple.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Unmatta (उन्मत्त):—[=un-matta] a etc. See un-mad.

2) [=un-matta] [from un-mad] b mfn. disordered in intellect, distracted, insane, frantic, mad, [Atharva-veda vi, 111, 3; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] drunk, intoxicated, furious, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Śakuntalā] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] m. the thorn-apple, Datura Metel and Fastuosa, [Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] Pterospermum Acerifolium, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a Rakṣas, [Rāmāyaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of one of the eight forms of Bhairava.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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