Unmatta; 13 Definition(s)
Unmatta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Unmattā (उन्मत्ता) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Unmattā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”
The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa
Unmatta (उन्मत्त).—A warrior of a class of Rākṣasas (giants). In Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 10, it is mentioned that this warrior died in the battle between Rāma and Rāvaṇa. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order:—Brahmā—Heti—Vidyutkeśa—Sukeśa—Mālyavān—Unmatta.
Vidyutkeśa was born to Heti, the son of Brahmā by his wife Bhayā; Sukeśa was born to Vidyutkeśa by his wife Sālakaṭaṅkā and Mālī, Sumālī and Mālyavān were born to Sukeśa of his wife Devavatī, and to Mālyavān by his wife Śundarī, seven sons named Vajramuṣṭi, Virūpākṣa, Durmukha, Suptaghna, Yajñakośa, Matta and Unmatta and a daughter named Nalā were born. Prahasta, Akampana, Vikaṭa, Kālakāmukha, Dhūmrākṣa and some more Rākṣasas were the sons of Sumālī, brother of Mālyavān. Kaikasī, the mother of Rāvaṇa, was the sister of Prahasta. (See full article at Story of Unmatta from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Unmatta (उन्मत्त).—A Bhairava god.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 19. 78.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Unmatta (उन्मत्त) is the Sanskrit name of a form of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there are eight main forms of Bhairava who control the eight directions of this universe. The term is used throughout Śilpaśāstra literature.
Unmatta has the following eight manifestations:
All these have a white color and should be of good looks; they should carry in their hands the kuṇḍa, the kheṭaka, the parigha (a kind of club) and bhiṇḍipāla.Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Unmatta (उन्मत्त) or Unmattamūrti refers to one of the ten forms (mūrti) of Śiva mentioned in the Ajitāgama (under the Maheśvararūpa heading): the fifth among the Siddhāntaśaivāgamas. The forms of Śiva (eg., Unmatta) are established through a process known as Sādākhya, described as a five-fold process of creation.Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shilpa)
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
1) Unmatta (उन्मत्त).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 4. The instructions for this unmatta-karaṇa is as follows, “feet to be Añcita and hands to be Recita.”.
2) Unmatta (उन्मत्त) refers to “lunatics”, whose mask should be represented with long hair (lambakeśaka), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing masks is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Katha (narrative stories)
Unmatta (उन्मत्त) refers to (1) the “Dhattūra flower”, and (2) “mad”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 3.98Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Unmatta (उन्मत्त, “insane”).—According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV), “then, amongst the beings of the trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadāthu, the insane (unmatta) became rational”. Why is one insane? Answer. – For having committed the following sins in the course of previous lifetimes: molesting someone deep in dhyāna, destroying the monastery of meditators (dhyāyin), deceiving people by means of spells (mantra) in order to inspire them to hatred, anger or sensual desires.
In the present lifetime insanity is caused by the heaviness of the fetters. Extremely irritable people, unable to contain themselves, become completely insane (unmatta). Mad people (mūḍha), by a sad mistake, cover their bodies with ashes (bhasman), tear out their hair (keśa), go about naked and eat dung (purīśa) in their madness. After a serious illness, a sickness of wind (vāyuvyādhi) or a sickness of fire (tejovyādhi), people become insane. Others are insane because they are possessed by evil demons or because they have stupidly drunk rain water. This is how one loses one’s reason, and all these individuals are called insane. But when they succeed in seeing the Buddha, these madmen recover their reason.Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
Unmatta (उन्मत्त).—An intoxicated or mad person is called unmatta. according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.32, “Owing to lack of discrimination between the real and the unreal, wrong knowledge is whimsical as that of a lunatic”.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
unmatta (उन्मत्त).—a (S) Haughty, arrogant, supercilious. 2 Intoxicated, lit. fig.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
unmatta (उन्मत्त).—a Haughty, arrogant. Intoxicated.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Unmatta (उन्मत्त).—p. p.
1) drunk, intoxicated.
2) Insane, frantic, mad; द्वावत्रोन्मत्तौ (dvāvatronmattau) V.2; अहो उन्मत्तास्मि संवृत्ता (aho unmattāsmi saṃvṛttā) U. 3,5.3; Ś.6; Ms.9.79.
3) (a) Puffed, elevated. (b) Furious, wild; मदोन्मत्तस्य भूपस्य कुञ्जरस्य च गच्छतः (madonmattasya bhūpasya kuñjarasya ca gacchataḥ) Pt.1. 161; U.2; Śi.6.31.
4) Possessed by a ghost or an evil-spirit; Y.2.32; Ms.3.161 (vātapittaśleṣmasaṃnipātagraha- saṃbhavenopasṛṣṭaḥ Mitā.).
5) Very great, abnormal. उन्मत्तवेगाः प्लवगा मधुमत्ताश्च हृष्टवत् (unmattavegāḥ plavagā madhumattāśca hṛṣṭavat) Rām.5.62.12.
-ttaḥ 1 the thorn apple (dhattūra); Name of another tree (mucakunda).
2) Name of one of the eight forms of Bhairava.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-ttaḥ-ttā-ttaṃ) 1. Insane, frantic, mad. 2. Drunk, intoxicated. m.
(-ttaḥ) 1. The thorn apple, (Datura metel and fastuosa) 2. A plant, (Pterospermum acerifolium.) E. ut much, matta drunk or mad: applied to the plants, it alludes to their deleterious properties.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Starts with: Unmattabhairava, Unmattabhairavi, Unmattadarshana, Unmattaganga, Unmattaka, Unmattakirti, Unmattalingin, Unmattamurti, Unmattapralapita, Unmattarupa, Unmattata, Unmattavayu, Unmattavesha, Unmatteshvara.
Full-text (+30): Yuddhonmatta, Madonmatta, Uramata, Udamasta, Unmattamurti, Devahata, Unmattalingin, Madironmatta, Unmattavesha, Unmattadarshana, Unmattarupa, Unmattakirti, Unmattaganga, Sundari, Varada, Trinetra, Udyata, Unmattapralapita, Shankara, Unmattabhairava.
Search found 9 books and stories containing Unmatta, Unmattā; (plurals include: Unmattas, Unmattās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.4.8 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha: The Spiritual Kingdom]
Verse 2.7.18 < [Chapter 7 - Jagad-ānanda: The Bliss of the Worlds]
Verse 2.1.173 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya: Renunciation]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
V. Distracted mind (vikṣepacitta) < [Part 4 - Avoiding evil minds]
Part 2 - Disadvantages of liquor < [Section I.5 - Abstention from liquor]
Third aṅga (member): Vyākaraṇa (prediction) < [Part 2 - Hearing the twelve-membered speech of the Buddha]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 8 - Energy of Free-will (Pauruṣa) < [Chapter XII - The Philosophy of the Yogavāsiṣṭha]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Lalitopakhyana (Lalita Mahatmya) (by G.V. Tagare)