Sara, aka: Śāra, Shara, Sāra; 20 Definition(s)


Sara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śāra can be transliterated into English as Sara or Shara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Sāra (सार) is the Sanskrit word translating to “iron”, a naturally occurring and commonly found metal (symbol Fe). It is used throughout Rasaśāstra literature, such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Sara (सरस्), which means fluid, refers to anything that flows and as such applies to speech and thought as well as water. See Sarasvatī.

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Devi
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Sara (सर, “mobile”).—One of the twenty Gurvādiguṇa, or, ‘ten opposing pairs of qualities of drugs’.—Sara is the characteristic of a drug referring to the ‘mobility’, while its opposing quality, Sthira, refers to its ‘firmness’. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

The quality of Sara, present in drugs and herbs, increases the Vāta (bodily humour in control of motion and the nervous system). It exhibits a predominant presence of the elements Water (ap) and Air (vāyu).

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Śāra (शार).—Name of a minor mountain (kṣudraparvata) situated in Bhārata, a region south of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. In the settlements (janapada) along these mountains dwell Āryas and Mlecchas who drink water from the rivers flowing there. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Sara (सर).—A Vānara chief.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 232.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Śara (शर) refers to the “arrow”, a weapon which should measure should measure four tālas (unit of measurement), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. In dramatic plays, weapons such as śara should be made by experts using proper measurements and given to persons engaged in a fight, angry conflict or siege. It forms a component of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Sāra (सार) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).The figure of speech sāra has been admitted by Mammaṭa (X/190), Viśvanātha (X/102) and Jagannātha (R.G. P. 626). Jayadeva and Appayyadīkṣita have also admitted sāra-alaṃkāra.

Sāra has also been admitted by Cirañjīva in his Kāvyavilāsa. He has defined sāra as follows—“uttarottaramutkarṣe varṇite sāra ucyate”.—“Where the excellence is described successively, the figure of speech sāra occurs”.

Example of the sāra-alaṃkāra:—

sārā lokeṣu vidvāṃsasteṣu sāra vivekinaḥ |
teṣvanuṣṭhānakartārasteṣu kṛṣṇapadānugāḥ ||

“In this world learned persons are the essence, among them conscientious are excellent. Again among them those who perform actually are excellent, among those who follow the feet of Kṛṣṇa are the essence”.

Notes: Here learned persons are the essence and are superior to common man. Among the learned persons those having conscience are superior among the performers who take resort to the lotus feet of Kṛṣṇa are the essence of this world. Thus this is an example of sārālaṃkāra as the excellence has been described successively.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Śara (शर) refers to an “arrow”. It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda
Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Sara (सर).—Unadi affix सर (sara) mentioned in the rule तितुत्रतथसिसुसरकसेषु च (titutratathasisusarakaseṣu ca) P. VII. 2.7. e.g. अक्षरम् (akṣaram); cf. अशेः क्सरन् (aśeḥ ksaran) Unadi.III.70.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Śara (शर).—1. Arrow. 2. R versed sine. 3. Celestial latitude. 4. Height of an arc or segment of a circle. Note: Śara is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Sāra (सार) is a Sanskrit word referring to a whitish reed.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

India history and geogprahy

Sara (“string”) is one of the gotras (clans) among the Kurnis (a tribe of South India). Kurni is, according to the Census Report 1901, “a corruption of kuri (sheep) and vanni (wool), the caste having been originally weavers of wool”. The gotras (viz., Sara) are described as being of the Brāhman, Kshatriya, and Vaisya sub-divisions of the caste, and of Shanmukha’s Sudra caste.

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Śara.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘five’. Note: śara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Sārā.—(EI 9; LP), care; cf. etair = aṣṭabhir = goṣṭhikaiḥ…sārā karaṇīyā, ‘[this place of worship] has to be taken care of by the following eight trustees’. Cf. also Gujarātī sāravār. (EI 8, 11), supervision. Note: sārā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

sara : (m.) 1. an arrow; 2. a sound; 3. a vowel; 4. a lake; 5. a kind of reed. || sāra (m.), essence; the pith of a tree; the choicest part. (adj.) essential; excellent; strong.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sāra, (Vedic sāra nt. ) 1. essential, most excellent, strong A. II, 110; Vin. IV, 214; J. III, 368; Pug. 53.—2. (m.) the innermost, hardest part of anything, the heart or pith of a tree (see also pheggu) M. I, 111; J. I, 331; Miln. 413; most excellent kind of wood Vin. II, 110; D. II, 182, 187; sattasārā the elect, the salt of the earth M. III, 69. ‹-› 3. substance, essence, choicest part (generally at the end of comp.) Vin. I, 184; A. II, 141; S. III, 83, 140; Sn. 5, 330, 364; Dh. 11 sq.; PvA. 132, 211 (candana°). sāre patiṭṭhito established, based, on what is essential M. I, 31; A. II, 183.—4. value Miln. 10; appasāra of small value D. II, 346.—asāra worthless Sn. 937; nissāra the same J. II, 163 (pithless); mahāsāra of high value J. I, 384, 463.

—ādāyin acquiring what is essential S. IV, 250. —gandha the odour of the heart of a tree Dhs. 625. —gabbha a treasury J. III, 408; V, 331. —gavesin searching for hard wood M. I, 111, 233; sārapariyesana the same ibid. —dāru strong, durable wood J. II, 68. —bhaṇḍa(ka) a bundle of one’s best things J. II, 225. —bhūmi good soil J. II, 188. —mañjūsā a box made of choice wood J. IV, 335. —maya being of hard or solid wood J. III, 318 (C. sārarukkhamaya, “of sāra wood” trsln). —suvaṇṇa sterling gold SnA 448 (in expln of name Bimbisāra). —sūci a needle made of hard wood J. I, 9. (Page 705)

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1) Sara, 5 (Vedic svara, svar, cp. Lat. su-surrus, Ger. surren) sound, voice, intonation, accent Vin. II, 108; D. II, 24 sq.; A. I, 227; Pv. II, 124 (of birds’singing=abhiruda C.); J. II, 109; Sn. 610 (+vaṇṇa, which is doubtful here, whether “complexion” or “speech, ” preferably the former); DhsA. 17; eight qualities D. II, 211, 227; gītāssara song Vin. II, 108; bindussara a sweet voice Sn. 350; adj. J. II, 439; sīhassara with a voice like a lion’s J. V, 296, 311 (said of a prince). Cp. vissara.—In combn with vaṇṇa (vowel) at A. IV, 307; Miln. 340.

—kutti (=kḷpti; can we compare BSk. svaragupti “depth of voice” Divy 222?) intonation, resonance, timbre, melodiousness of voice Vin. II, 108=A. III, 251; J. VI, 293 (Kern, “enamoured behaviour” (?)); DhsA. 16. Cp. Vin. Texts III, 72. —bhañña intoning, a particular mode of reciting Vin. I, 196; II, 108, 316; J. II, 109; DhA. I, 154. —bhāṇa=°bhañña DhA. II, 95 (v. l. °bhañña). —bhāṇaka an intoner, one who intones or recites the sacred texts in the Sarabhañña manner Vin. II, 300. —sara an imitative word; sarasaraṃ karoti to make the noise sarasara M. I, 128. (Page 697)

2) Sara, 4 (adj.) (fr. sarati2) remembering M. I, 453; A. II, 21; DA. I, 106. °saṅkappa mindfulness and aspiration M. I, 453; III, 132; S. IV, 76, 137, 190; Nett 16. (Page 697)

3) Sara, 3 (m. -nt.) (Vedic saras) a lake J. I, 221; II, 10; VI, 518 (Mucalinda); there are seven great lakes (mahā-sarā, viz. Anotatta, Sīhapapāta, Rathakāra, Kaṇṇamuṇḍa, Kuṇāla, Chaddanta, Mandākini) A. IV, 101; D. I, 54; J. II, 92; DA. I, 164, 283; aṇṇava° the ocean D. II, 89; cp. A. II, 55; Loc. sare J. II, 80; sarasmiṃ Sn. 1092; & sarasi Mhvs 10, 7; jātassara a natural lake J. I, 472 sq. (Page 697)

4) Sara, 2 (adj. -n.) (fr. sarati1 1. going, moving, following Sn. 3, 901 — 2. fluid, flow J. I, 359 (pūti°). (Page 697)

5) Sara, 1 (cp. Vedic śara) 1. the reed Saccharum sara Miln. 342.—2. an arrow (orig. made of that reed) D. I, 9; Dh. 304; Miln. 396; DhA 216 (visa-pīta).

—tuṇḍa a beak as sharp as an arrow DhA. III, 32. —daṇḍaka shaft of an arrow DhA. II, 141. —bhaṅga arrow-breaking Vism. 411 (in comp.). (Page 697)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

śara (शर).—m (S) An arrow. 2 The arrow of Shiva, i. e. the three stars composing the belt of Orion. See under lubdhaka. 3 Distance from the Ecliptic, celestial latitude. 4 The versed sine.

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śara (शर).—a S In jyōtiṣa śāstra. Five.

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śarā (शरा).—m ( A) Law. Used in courts as signifying Muhammadan law.

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sara (सर).—m A string (as of gems, beads, flowers); a wreath, garland &c. 2 A long and squared piece of timber; or a long bamboo or other pole (as suitable for a joist, cross-beam, rafter &c.) Applied by many to a thick chop of wood or a stout stick (prepared for or viewed as fit for a pestle). 3 The horn-rope of bullocks. It is fixed on or renewed on the great bullock-festival called bēndūra or pōḷā.

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sara (सर).—m ( P Head.) Head figuratively, i. e. the chief, principal, president, superintendent &c.; as hyā sarvāṃvara harīpanta sara āhē. This use is rare; the general use is as a prefix to words designating the public officers of a state; as saradēśamukha, saradēśapāṇḍyā, sarasubhēdāra, saranāyaka, sarakamāvīsadāra; and their offices; as saradēśamukhī, sarasubhēdārī &c. Head-deshmukh &c. 2 The chief, leading, or preeminent person (of any corporation or company). 3 Following the words gāya, mhaisa, baila, ṭōṇagā, vāsarūṃ &c. it denotes unity, and thus corresponds with Head; as gāya sara ēka, mhaisa sara dōna One head of cows, two head of buffaloes. sara karaṇēṃ To overcome and take (a fort, a territory): also to accomplish or achieve (a great work generally).

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sara (सर).—f Equaling, rivaling, competing or coming up with. Usually neg. con. v . Ex. mātēcī sara na yēī upamātēlā agādha baḷa vāhō || kāya ghṛtācī pāvē upamā tēlālā agādha baḷa vāhō ||. 2 A term at cards,--a synonyme of talapha. 3 (For sarī) A line dug (as a trench or channel); or a line or row (as of plants).

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sara (सर).—f (sara or sarā S A cascade or waterfall.) A sudden and forceful gush, rush, outpouring, or proceeding; e. g. (with or without pāvasācī) a shower of rain; (with or without rāgācī) an outburst of passion; (raḍaṇyācī) a fit of crying; (tāpācī or hiṃvācī) a paroxysm or an accession of fever or of ague; piśācācī a sudden visitation of a pishach; (mamatēcī) a gush or forthflowing of affection or tenderness; (ānandācī or hāsaṇyācī) a rushing emotion or a sally of joy or laughter; paṭakīcī or jarīmarīcī -khōkalyācī &c. -sara. 2 m f A fit of delirium or of minor mental disturbance.

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sara (सर).—ind A particle from saraṇēṃ (To run into, tend towards &c.) expressing slightness, feeble existence, or incipient state of any quality. With this qualifying import it is added to adjectives, correspondingly with the English particle ish; as kāḷasara, kaḍasara, gōḍasara Blackish, bitterish, sweetish. 2 ad (saraṇēṃ) So as to run or flow over; in an overflowing manner;--as a river or a vessel. Ex. nadī varasara or kāṇṭhasara bharūna cālalī; bhāṇḍēṃ varasara or tōṇḍasara bharalēṃ.

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sarā (सरा).—m (Or sara) A long and straight bamboo or other pole (to be used as a rafter, cross-beam &c.) 2 A side-piece of a cart-box answering to the ghōḍēṃ running underneath. 3 A line of loose texture on a web from the turning aside of the threads.

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sarā (सरा).—m C (surā S) Liquor distilled from the juice of trees of the Palm-tribe: also spirituous liquor more generally.

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sāra (सार).—m n (S) Essence, substance, the essential or vital part (of a thing generally); sap, pith, marrow, cream, spirit, lit. fig.

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sāra (सार).—n A dilute mixture of tamarinds, mango-steins, and similar fruits squeezed in any pulse-decoction or in water, with salt, assafœtida &c. 2 The ring or band or rope by which the yard (of boats and small sailing vessels) is secured to the mast. 3 A term for sōṅkaṭyā in enumerating the objects upon which money is lavished; viz. ṭāra, gāra, nāra, sāra. See ṭāra &c.

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sāra (सार).—f Commonly sāīra.

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sārā (सारा).—a (sarva S) All or the whole; the whole number, mass, or quantity.

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sārā (सारा).—m A white film over the eyes; a thin layer or pellicle as over corrupted curds &c. 2 Assessment or tax.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śara (शर).—m An arrow.

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sara (सर).—m A string A wreath. The chief. f A row A shower of rain. Equal- ling. ind A particle expressing slight- ness. sara karaṇēṃ Overcome and take (a fort, &c.). Accomplish.

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sarā (सरा).—m Spirituous liquor.

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sāra (सार).—m n Essence; sap. n A dilute mix- ture of tamarinds, &c.

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sārā (सारा).—a All, the whole. m A white film over the eyes. Tax, assessment.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śara (शर).—[śṝ-ac]

1) An arrow, a shaft; क्व च निशितनिपाता वज्रसाराः शरास्ते (kva ca niśitanipātā vajrasārāḥ śarāste) Ś.1.1; शरश्च त्रिविधो ज्ञेयः स्त्री पुमाँश्च नपुंसकः । अग्रस्थूलो भवेन्नारी पश्चात्स्थूलो भवेत् पुमान् । समो नपुंसको ज्ञेयः (śaraśca trividho jñeyaḥ strī pumāṃśca napuṃsakaḥ | agrasthūlo bhavennārī paścātsthūlo bhavet pumān | samo napuṃsako jñeyaḥ) Dhanur. 62-63.

2) A kind of white reed or grass (Mar. devanaḷa, borū); कुशकाशशरैः पर्णैः सुपरिच्छादितां तथा (kuśakāśaśaraiḥ parṇaiḥ suparicchāditāṃ tathā) Rām.3.15.22; शरकाण्डपाण्डुगण्डस्थला (śarakāṇḍapāṇḍugaṇḍasthalā) M.3.8; मुखेन सीता शरपाण्डुरेण (mukhena sītā śarapāṇḍureṇa) R.14.26; Śi.11.3.

3) The cream of slightly curdled milk, cream; आपो वा अर्कस्तद्यदपां शर आसीत् सम- हन्यत सा पृथिवी (āpo vā arkastadyadapāṃ śara āsīt sama- hanyata sā pṛthivī) Bṛ. Up.1.2.2.

4) Hurt, injury, wound.

5) The number 'five'; cf. शराग्नि (śarāgni) q. v.

6) (In astr.) The versed sine of an arc.

7) Kuśa grass; तथा शरेष्वपि (tathā śareṣvapi) MS.8.3.33 (śaraśabdasyāpi kuśeṣu prayogo dṛśyate ŚB. on ibid.); भृशरसं शरसंहितकान्तिके (bhṛśarasaṃ śarasaṃhitakāntike) Rām. ch.4.7.

-ram Water.

Derivable forms: śaraḥ (शरः).

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Śāra (शार).—a. [śār-ac śṝ-ghañ vā]

1) Variegated, speckled, mottled, spotted; पक्ष्मोत्क्षेपादुपरिविलसत् कृष्णशारप्रभाणाम् (pakṣmotkṣepāduparivilasat kṛṣṇaśāraprabhāṇām) Me. 49.

2) Yellow.

-raḥ 1 A variegated colour.

2) Green colour.

3) Air, wind.

4) A piece used at chess, a chessman; कालः काल्या भुवनफलके क्रीडति प्राणिशारैः (kālaḥ kālyā bhuvanaphalake krīḍati prāṇiśāraiḥ) Bh.3.39.

5) Injuring, hurting.

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Sara (सर).—a. [sarati-sṛ-ac]

1) Going or moving.

2) Cathartic, purgative.

-raḥ 1 Going, motion.

2) An arrow.

3) The coagulum of curds or milk, cream.

4) Salt.

5) A string, necklace; अयं कण्ठे बाहुः शिशिरमसृणो मौक्तिकसरः (ayaṃ kaṇṭhe bāhuḥ śiśiramasṛṇo mauktikasaraḥ) U. 1.39.29.

6) A water-fall.

7) A short vowel (in prosody).

-ram 1 water.

2) A lake, pool.

-rā 1 Motion, movement.

2) A cascade.

-rī A water-fall.

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Sāra (सार).—a. [sṛ-gham, sār-ac vā]

1) Essential.

2) Best, highest, most excellent; एतद्वः सारफल्गुत्वं बीजयोन्योः प्रकीर्तितम् (etadvaḥ sāraphalgutvaṃ bījayonyoḥ prakīrtitam) Ms.9.56; द्वयोः सारं तुल्यं द्वितयमभियुक्तेन मनसा (dvayoḥ sāraṃ tulyaṃ dvitayamabhiyuktena manasā) Mu.1.13.

3) Real, true, genuine.

4) Strong, vigorous; सारबलम् (sārabalam) Kau. A.1; सुयुद्धकामुकं सारमसारं विपरीतकम् (suyuddhakāmukaṃ sāramasāraṃ viparītakam) Śukra.4.872.

5) Sound, thoroughly proved.

6) Highest or best (at the end of comp.); त्रिवर्गसारः (trivargasāraḥ) Ku.5.38.

7) Just, right; पृथोस्तत् सूक्तमाकर्ण्य सारं सुष्ठु मितं मधु (pṛthostat sūktamākarṇya sāraṃ suṣṭhu mitaṃ madhu) Bhāg.4.22.17.

8) Speckled, motley.

9) Driving away; योऽयं दिधक्षोर्दावपावकस्य गरिम- सारः सीकरासारः (yo'yaṃ didhakṣordāvapāvakasya garima- sāraḥ sīkarāsāraḥ) B. R.2.6/61.

-raḥ, -ram (but usually m. only except in the first 4 senses)

1) Essence, essential part, quintessence; स्नेहस्य तत् फलमसौ प्रणयस्य सारः (snehasya tat phalamasau praṇayasya sāraḥ) Māl.1. 9; U.6.22; असारे खलु संसारे सारमेच्चतुष्टयम् । काश्यां वासः सतां संगो गङ्गांम्भः शंभुसेवनम् (asāre khalu saṃsāre sārameccatuṣṭayam | kāśyāṃ vāsaḥ satāṃ saṃgo gaṅgāṃmbhaḥ śaṃbhusevanam) || Dharm.14.

2) Substance, pith.

3) Marrow; निःशेषं शकलितवल्कलाङ्गसारैः (niḥśeṣaṃ śakalitavalkalāṅgasāraiḥ) Ki.17.62.

4) Real truth, main point.

5) The sap or essence of trees; as in खदिरसार, सर्जसार (khadirasāra, sarjasāra).

6) Summary, epitome, compendium.

7) Strength, vigour, power, energy; सारं धरित्रीधरणक्षमं च (sāraṃ dharitrīdharaṇakṣamaṃ ca) Ku.1.17; R.2.74.

8) Prowess, heroism, courage; राज्ञा हिमवतः सारो राज्ञः सारो हिमाद्रिणा (rājñā himavataḥ sāro rājñaḥ sāro himādriṇā) R.4.79.

9) Firmness, hardness.

1) Wealth, riches; गामात्तसाराम् (gāmāttasārām) R.5.26.

11) Nectar.

12) Fresh butter.

13) Air, wind.

14) Cream, coagulum of curds.

15) Disease.

16) Matter, pus.

17) Worth, excellence, highest perception.

18) A man at chess.

19) Impure carbonate of soda.

2) A figure of speech corresponding to English 'climax'; उत्तरोत्तरमुत्कर्षो भवेत् सारः परावधिः (uttarottaramutkarṣo bhavet sāraḥ parāvadhiḥ) K. P.1.

21) The heart.

22) Course, motion.

23) Extension.

24) Any or chief ingredient.

25) (In Rhet.) A kind of climax.

26) Dung.

27) Pus.

-rā 1 Dūrvā grass.

2) Kuśa grass.

-ram 1 Water

2) Fitness, propriety.

3) Wood, thicket.

4) Steel.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śara (शर).—n. of a yakṣa: MSV i.17.7.

--- OR ---

Śāra (शार).—m. or nt. (= AMg. sāla; perh. read śāla ?), either ‘the 77th planet, named śāla’, or (more probably) ‘a celestial abode named śāla of the 8th Devaloka’ (Ratna- chandra, s.v. sāla, 7 and 8). In Mv i.231.4 (verse) read: ādityo (? next word uncertain; mss. vatavallo, which is metr. correct, or vadbalo) śāraṃ (or śālaṃ; mss. śāram) abhyud- gato (mss. atyudgataṃ; em. Senart) yathākāśe, like the sun when it has arisen in the sky up to the śāra (śāla). (On *śāra, a kind of bird, see sāra.)

--- OR ---

Sara (सर).—nt. (Sanskrit Lex., m.; Pali id. in cpd. sīghasara, uddhaṃsara, Sn 3, 901), going, course: (te satpuruṣā ye…) tathāgatacaṅkramaṇāni dharma-sarāṇi ca paśyanti Kv 13.15 (prose). In LV 329.5 (verse) kāmasarāhatāḥ, struck with the arrows of love (so Tibetan, ḥdod paḥi mdaḥ yis phog pa), sara (no v.l.) = Sanskrit śara.

--- OR ---

Sāra (सार).—m. (= Sanskrit śārī, śārikā, also written sā°), a [Page593-a+ 71] kind of bird, maina: sāra (all mss.; n. pl.), ivā ravanto LV 296.11 (verse).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śara (शर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A sort of reed or grass, (Saccharum sara.) 2. An arrow. 3. The upper part or cream of slightly curdled milk. 4. Mischief, injury, hurt. 5. The number “five.” n.

(-raṃ) 1. Water. 2. Versed sine of an arc. E. śṝ to hurt, aff. ap or ac; also sara .

--- OR ---

Śāra (शार).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) 1. Variegated, (in colour.) 2. Yellow. m.

(-raḥ) 1. Air, wind. 2. A piece or man at chess, backgammon, &c. 3. Hurting, injuring. 4. A mixture of blue and yellow, a green. 5. Spotting, variegating. f. (-rī) Kuśa grass. E. śṝ to injure, ghañ aff.

--- OR ---

Sara (सर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Who or what goes, occurring chiefly in composition, as anusara, avasara, &c. 2. Cathartic, purgative. m.

(-raḥ) 1. The thick part or coagulum of curds or milk, cream, &c. 2. Going, motion. 3. An arrow. 4. Saltness, salt. 5. A string. n.

(-raṃ) 1. A lake, a pool. 2. Water. mf. (-raḥ-rā or -rī) A cascade, a water-fall; also śara. E. sṛ to go, aff. ac .

--- OR ---

Sāra (सार).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Best, excellent. 2. Irrefragable, (as an argument.) mn.

(-raḥ-raṃ) 1. The pith or sap of trees, &c. 2. Strength, vigour. 3. The essence of anything, the essential or vital part of it. 4. The substance or material part, (of a speech, book, message, &c.) 5. Marrow. 6. Air, wind. 7. Sickness, disease. 8. Firmness, hardness. 9. The coagulum of curds, &c., cream. 10. Fresh butter. 11. Prowess, valour, heroism. 12. Nectar. 13. Wealth, riches. m.

(-raḥ) 1. A man at chess, backgammon, &c. 2. Worth, excellence. 3. Compedium, summary. 4. Impure carbonate of soda. 5. Climax, (in rhetoric.) n.

(-raṃ) 1. Water. 2. Wealth. 3. Propriety, fitness. 4. Steel. 5. Wood, thicket. f.

(-rā) 1. Essential. 2. Best. 3. Strong, vigorous. 4. Genuine, true. 5. Thoroughly proved 6. Durbagrass. f. (-rī) The Shalika or Sarika, (Turdus salica, Buch.) E. sṛ to go, aff. ghañ; or sār-ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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