Kashyapa, aka: Kashya-pa, Kāśyapa, Kaśyapa; 14 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kashyapa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kāśyapa and Kaśyapa can be transliterated into English as Kasyapa or Kashyapa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyākaraṇa (Sanskrit grammar)

Kaśyapa (कश्यप).—Name of a writer on the Cāndra Vyākaraṇa.

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Kāśyapa (काश्यप).—Name of an ancient grammarian quoted by Pāṇini, possibly an author of some Prātiśākhya work now lost.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyākaraṇa (व्याकरण, vyakarana) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedāṅga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyākaraṇa concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Purāṇa

1a) Kaśyapa (कश्यप).—(savituḥ vidvān, Mārīci) son of Marīci and Kalā, and husband of Diti.1 Married twelve (thirteen matsya p.) daughters of Dakṣa, who were brahmavādinīs and loka-mātas. Married also Pulomā and Kālakā on the advice of Brahmā. Their sons were Dānavas distinguished for warlike qualities. 60,000 of these were killed by Arjuna while in Heaven to please Indra.2 Aditi was another wife of Kaśyapa, and was the mother of Vāmana-Hari. On an appeal from her on behalf of gods exiled from Amarāvatī, Kaśyapa taught her the payovrata to please Hari.3 Pleased with the anointing of Vāmana.4 His tejas.5 Pleased with Diti's madanadvādaśivrata but did not relish her request for a son to slay Indra but granted it under certain conditions.6 A sage of the Vaivasvata epoch. His descendants.7 Father of Vivasvat.8 Awarded Madhyadeśā by Paraśurāma.9 Visited with pupils Bhīṣma on his death-bed;10 goes round Dhruva.11 See diti, indra. A Brahmavādin and a Prajāpati. A Devaṛṣi. His sons were Nārada and Parvata, as also Ādityas, Maruts and Rudras.12 An aṃśa of Brahmā.13 When Dakṣa grew angry on account of his daughter Kaśyapa drank kaśya, a kind of wine;14 hence his name; hid yoga in a cave;15 āśrama of;16 a sage by jñāna;17 place in the viśvacakra dāna.18 With the sun during the months saha and sahasya,19 a sage of Cākṣuṣa epoch.20

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 14. 7; IV. 1. 13; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 37. 44; III. 2. 31; 3. 55; IV. 1. 20; 2. 33. 47; Matsya-purāṇa 146. 16 & 25; 171. 30; 199. 1, 14, 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 63. 41.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 2, 25, 34-36; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 55; 5. 13; 6. 1-2, 44; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 115-116, 157-158.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 6; 16. 2-25; 17. 22-3: X. 3. 42; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 79.
  • 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 23. 21; Matsya-purāṇa 244. 41; 245. 82.
  • 5) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 16. 35-36; 17. 2.
  • 6) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 44-54: III. chap. 14 (whole); Matsya-purāṇa 7. 30-49.
  • 7) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 8. 31; 13. 5; Matsya-purāṇa 9. 27.
  • 8) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 1. 10; Matsya-purāṇa 11. 2.
  • 9) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 16. 22.
  • 10) Ib. I. 9. 8.
  • 11) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 9. 21; Matsya-purāṇa 127. 24;
  • 12) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 27. 104; 32. 98, 112; 35. 92-95: 38. 3; III. 1. 53; 4. 34; 8. 1 and 27; Matsya-purāṇa 145. 92; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 138; 3. 2: 65. 53; 84. 26 and 31.
  • 13) Matsya-purāṇa 47. 9; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 2. 105; 71. 238; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 138; 3. 2; 65. 114.
  • 14) Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 115-17.
  • 15) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 117; Vāyu-purāṇa 83. 83; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 19. 53.
  • 16) Vāyu-purāṇa 37. 22.
  • 17) Ib. 59. 90.
  • 18) Matsya-purāṇa 285. 6.
  • 19) Ib. 127. 17.
  • 20) Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 66.

1b) A sage and contemporary of Kṛṣṇa. Invited for Yudhiṣṭhira's rājasūya.1 Came to Syamantapañcaka to see Kṛṣṇa;2 one of the sages who left for Piṇḍāraka;3 met by Takṣaka on his way to Parīkṣit.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 74. 9.
  • 2) Ib. X. 84. 4.
  • 3) Ib. XI. 1. 12.
  • 4) Ib. XII. 6. 11.

1c) A Paurāṇika who learnt mūlasaṃhitā from the disciple of Vyāsa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 7. 5 and 7.

1d) The sage presiding over the month of saha;1 with the sun in hemantaka.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 41.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 16.

1e) (Ṛṣyaśṛṇga) a sage of the first epoch of Sāvarṇi Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 11.

1f) A sage of the Svārociṣa epoch.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 8.

1g) A sage resorting to Śuklatīrtha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 192. 10.

2a) Kāśyapa (काश्यप).—A saṃhitā-kartā officiated as adhvaryu at Paraśurāma's sacrifice and got the whole earth as fee;1 a mantrakṛt and a Brahmavādin.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 63 and 66; III. 8. 86; 47. 47 and 60; IV. 9. 3.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 145. 98 and 106; Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 102.

2b) A sage of Sāvarṇi epoch; a pravara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 32: 199. 16.

2c) A son of Vāli, the avatar of the lord.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 160.

2d) A son of Gokarṇa, the avatār of the 16th dvāpara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 173.

2e) (Kāśyapa Haviṣmān); a son of Bhautya Manu;1 of Vatsa gotra;2 a pupil of Sūta;3 had three Ādityas as wives, and out of kāma for Devakī took human birth as Kṛṣṇa;4 one of the seven sages; a tapasvī.5

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 107, 116; 106. 34.
  • 2) Ib. 62. 16; 64. 28.
  • 3) Ib. 61. 55.
  • 4) Ib. 96. 230.
  • 5) Ib. 100. 82. 100. 96.

2f) (see Kaśyapa) married thirteen daughters of Dakṣa;1 blessed Ditī with a son capable of vanquishing Indra;2 a householder to perform rites in honour of him;3 resides in the sun's chariot in the month of mārgaśīrṣa.4

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 77 and 103.
  • 2) Ib. I. 21. 30-2.
  • 3) Ib. III. 1. 32; 11. 43.
  • 4) Ib. II. 10. 13.

2g) A son of Suhotra.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 8. 5.

2h) A son of Parvasa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 13.

2i) (Kāśapas)—the lines of kings commencing with Sannuhotra Kāśa, ruled at Kāśī. Six of them were brahmavādins. Among them were Brāhmaṇas and Kṣatriyas whose sons were righteous, powerful and strong.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 112; III. 67. 79; Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 74.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Kāśyapa (काश्यप) is the name of a pre-Piṅgalan author on the science of Sanskrit metrics (chandaśāstra): Piṅgala also mentions him as the originator of the metre siṃhonnatā.

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Kāśyapa (काश्यप) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Discover the meaning of kashyapa or kasyapa in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

1) Kaśyapa (कश्यप) appeared from the semen of Marīci (mind-born from Brahmā) and from the womb of one of the daughters of Dakṣa. From Kaśyapa, by the womb of Aditi, Vivasvān took birth. (Bhāgavata-pūraṇa 9.1.10)

2) The Vāyu-purāṇa derives the origin of the name Kaśyapa from his habit of drinking Kaśya—a kind of spirituous liquor.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Kashyapa is a manasaputra (wish-born-son) of Lord Brahma. However, according to [Rama:1.70.20], he is the grand son of Lord Brahma, being the son of Marichi, a wish-born son of Lord Brahma. Kashyapa had many wives, most of them the daughters of Daksha prajapathi.

His wives (who are daughters of Daksha) are :

  1. Aditi mother of the Devas,
  2. Diti the mother of the Asuras,
  3. Arishta, the mother of the Gandharvas,
  4. Kadru, the mother of the Nagas (snakes),
  5. Vinata the mother of Varuna and Garuda,
  6. Danu the mother of the Danavas (who are generally considered part of the Asuras),
  7. Kalaka the mother of the monster Kalkanja,
  8. Khasa, the mother of the Yakshas,
  9. Krodhavasa the mother of the Pishachas (flesh eating monsters),
  10. Muni the mother of Maumeya,
  11. Puloma the mother of the monster Pauloma,
  12. Somathi the mother of Sumathi (who married Sagara, the sea).
(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Kashyapa (कश्यप kaśyapa) was an ancient sage (ṛṣi), who is one of the Saptarishis in the present Manvantara. According to the Vedic knowledge, he is the son of Marichi (one of the ten sons (Manasaputras) of the Creator Brahma).

He was also the author of the treatise Kashyapa Samhita, or Jivakiya Tantra, which is considered a classical reference book on Ayurveda especially in the fields of Ayurvedic pediatrics, gynecology and obstetrics.

Kashyapa was the father of the devas, asuras, nāgas and all of humanity. He married Aditi, with whom he fathered Agni, the Adityas, and most importantly Lord Vishnu took his fifth Avatar as Vamana, the son of Aditi, in the seventh Manvantara. With his second wife, Diti, he begot the Daityas. Diti and Aditi were daughters of King Daksha Prajapati and sisters to Sati, Shiva's consort. Kashapa received the earth, obtained by Parashurama's conquest of King Kartavirya Arjuna and henceforth, earth came to be known as "Kashapai".

It can be safely assumed that there were many Kashyapas and the name indicates a status and not just one individual.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Kashyapa is said to have authored three samhitās consisting of sixty-four thousand verses:

  1. satyakāṇḍa,
  2. tarkakāṇḍa,
  3. jnānakāṇḍa.

The Ānanda saṃhitā lists the following works attributed to kaśyapa:

  1. satyakāṇḍa,
  2. karmakāṇḍa,
  3. jnānakāṇḍa.

The Samūrtārcanādhikaraṇa (of Atri) lists the following works attributed to kaśyapa:

  1. santānakāṇḍa,
  2. kāśyapakāṇḍa,
  3. satyakāṇḍa,
  4. tarkakāṇḍa,
  5. jnānakāṇḍa.
(Source): Sri Kamakoti Mandali: Hinduism

Kaśyapa (कश्यप).—A great saint who was the father of many demigods and also of the Supreme Lord’s incarnation Vāmanadeva; one of the seven mental sons of Lord Brahmā.

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Kāśyapa (काश्यप) refers to the sixth of the “seven Buddhas” (saptatathāgata) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 6). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., saptatathāgata and Kāśyapa). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

(1) Kāśyapa (काश्यप), (Pali: Kassapa). Sanskrit proper name of one of the seven buddhas of antiquity (Saptatathāgata) who preceded the current buddha Śākyamuni and, by some accounts, the buddha who predicted Śākyamuni’s own eventual enlightenment. He is also sometimes mentioned in a list of three past buddhas, along with Krakucchanda and Kanakamuni.

(2) Kāśyapa is also the name of one of the Buddha’s ten main disciples, who is usually known to the tradition as “Kāśyapa the Great”; see Mahākāśyapa.

(3) Kashyapa is a manasaputra (wish-born-son) of Lord Brahma. However, according to [Rama:1.70.20], he is the grand son of Lord Brahma, being the son of Marichi, a wish-born son of Lord Brahma. Kashyapa had many wives, most of them the daughters of Daksha prajapathi.

(4) A bodhisattva who appears in the Mahaparinirvana Sutra to whom Shakyamuni Buddha addresses the "Bodhisattva Kashyapa" chapter of that sutra and who, in the sutra, asks Shakyamuni thirty-six questions.

(5) Kaśyapa (कश्‍यप): An ancient sage, father of the Devas, Asuras, Nagas and all of humanity. He is married to Aditi, with whom he is the father of Agni and the Savitrs. His second wife, Diti, begot the Daityas. Diti and Aditi were daughters of King Daksha and sisters to Sati, Shiva's consort. One of Dashratha's counsellors also.

(Source): China Buddhism Encyclopedia: Buddhism

Kashyapa II (1350-1270 BCE) (Mahakashyapa, the disciple of Buddha was Kashyapa I) lived 500 years after Buddha nirvana. He was born in Gandhara. It appears that he was the founder of Kashyapiya school of Buddhism. He went to Mathura and lived there. Arya Mahaloma and Arya Nandin were his disciples.

(Source): academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

kāśyapa (काश्यप).—m A tribe of Brahmans or an individual of it.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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