Parthiva, Pārthiva: 14 definitions

Introduction

Parthiva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Parthiva in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Pārthiva (पार्थिव) refers to “earthen”, representing the material of the liṅgas of the Aśvinidevas, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.12, where the Devas and Viṣṇu requested Viśvakarman for liṅgas for the achievement of the desires of all people:—“[...] at our bidding Viśvakarmā made liṅgas and gave them to the devas according to their status. [...] The Viśvedevas and the Vasus took silver liṅgas. O sage, the Aśvini devas took the brazen and earthen liṅgas (Pārthiva-liṅga). [...] Thus different kinds of liṅgas were given to them by Viśvakarmā which the devas and the celestial sages worship regularly. After giving the devas the various liṅgas from a desire for their benefit, Viṣṇu explained the mode of worship of Śiva to me, Brahmā”.

2) Pārthiva (पार्थिव) refers to “clay”, representing a material for a Liṅga in one’s house (geha), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13, while explaining the mode of worshipping Śiva:—“[...] after worshipping Śiva with sandal paste, saffron, incense, various lamps, and food-offerings of different sorts he shall bow down again. In the house the liṅga shall be made of clay (pārthiva), silver or any other metal or mercury. It shall be bowed to with devotion. If that is worshipped, all deities are worshipped. If the liṅga is made of clay it shall be installed duly”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pārthiva (पार्थिव).—An Ārṣeya Pravara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 196. 9.

1b) One of the three fires; it was so called when (1/4) of the night of Brahmā was remaining.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 5-7.

1c) Also Pavana; a kind of fire.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 6.

1d) Of Kauśika gotra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 98.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Pārthiva (पार्थिव) refers to a “king” (or, “lord of the earth”), whose beard (śmaśru) should be represented as vicitra (smartly done), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing the beard is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas

Pārthiva (पार्थिव) refers to the nineteenth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native born in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘parthiva’ performs the rites of his religion (with reverence), is well versed (learned) in the excellent shastras, is a perfected hand (skilled) in the field of arts, sensual or pleasure-loving and is the chief of his family.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year parthiva (2005-2006 AD) will be a king unequalled for his prosperity and happiness.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Pārthiva (पार्थिव) or Pārthivakṣetra refers to “earthen land” and represents one of the five classifications of “land” (kṣetra), as defined in the first chapter (ānūpādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “a pārthiva or earther land is usually four-cornered, symmetrical. t has yellowish story ground with bracelet like shining, rounded gravels and is full of yellow coloured dear heards and creepers with yellow flowers. It is a hard and raised land”.

Substances (dravya) pertaining to Pārthiva-kṣetra are known as Pārthivadravya—Such dravyas alleviate diseases and enhance vitality. These are tasty and have steady effect. Brāhma is the deity of Pārthiva soil and substances.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Pārthiva (पार्थिव) is the name of the tree (vṛkṣa) associated with Kilakilārava: the north-western cremation ground (śmaśāna) according to the Saṃvarodayatantra 17.38. The tree associated with the north-west is sometimes given as Arjuna or Dhanañjaya. As a part of this sādhana, the practicioner is to visualize a suitable dwelling place for the goddess inside the circle of protection which takes the form of eight cremation grounds.

These trees (eg., Pārthiva) that are associated with the cremation grounds are often equated with the eight bodhi-trees of the Buddhas (the current buddha plus the seven previous one). According to the Śmaśānavidhi each tree has a secondary tree (upavṛkṣa) that is depicted as lovely and covered in vaṅga flowers and fruit. In each tree lives a naked rākṣasa who is wrathful in form, who eats human flesh and who has the animal face or the mount of the dikpati in his cremation ground.

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Pārthiva (पार्थिव) refers to one of the eight trees (vṛkṣa) of the Guṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the guṇacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. Pārthiva is associated with the charnel grounds (śmaśāna) named Kilikilārava; with the direction-guardian (dikpāla) named Vāyu; with the serpent king (nāgendra) named Śaṅkhapāla and with the cloud king (meghendra) named Caṇḍa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pārthiva (पार्थिव).—n S An earthen lingam made to use in worship. 2 m A king.

--- OR ---

pārthiva (पार्थिव).—a S Relating to earth, earthy or earthen. 2 Relating to the globe, terrene or terrestrial.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pārthiva (पार्थिव).—n An earthen lingam made to use in worship. m A king. a Relating to earth. Terrestrial.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pārthiva (पार्थिव).—a. (- f.) [पृथिव्याः ईश्वरः इदं वा अण् (pṛthivyāḥ īśvaraḥ idaṃ vā aṇ)]

1) Earthen, earthy, terrestrial, relating to the earth; यतो रजः पार्थिवमुज्जिहीते (yato rajaḥ pārthivamujjihīte) R.13.64.

2) Ruling the earth.

3) Princely, royal.

-vaḥ 1 An inhabitant of the earth.

2) A king, sovereign; अथ तस्य विवाहकौतुकं ललितं बिभ्रत एव पार्थिवः (atha tasya vivāhakautukaṃ lalitaṃ bibhrata eva pārthivaḥ) R.8.1.

3) An earthen vessel.

4) The body.

5) The विकार (vikāra) of the earth; अयं जनो नाम चलन् पृथिव्यां यः पार्थिवः पार्थिव कस्य हेतोः (ayaṃ jano nāma calan pṛthivyāṃ yaḥ pārthivaḥ pārthiva kasya hetoḥ) Bhāg.5.12.5.

6) A गृह्याग्नि (gṛhyāgni) of the naming ceremony (nāmakaraṇa).

-vam An earthy substance.

-vā 1 A royal concubine.

2) Arsenic (see nighaṇṭaratnākara).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārthiva (पार्थिव).—mfn.

(-vaḥ-vā or vī-vaṃ) 1. Earthen, made or derived from earth. 2. Ruling or possessing the earth. 3. Princely, royal. m.

(-vaḥ) 1. A king, a prince. 2. An earthen vessel. 3. An inhabitant of the earth. f. (-vī) 1. A name of Sita. 2. An epithet of Lakshmi. E. pṛthivī the earth, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārthiva (पार्थिव).—i. e. pṛthivī + a, I. adj., f. . 1. Terrestrial, Chr. 290, 3 = [Rigveda.] i. 64, 3 ( for vāni). 2. Ruling or possessing the earth, Chr. 14, 17. 3. Royal, fit for kings or princes, Mahābhārata 5, 2187. Ii. m. 1. An inhabitant of the earth, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 25, 20. 2. A king, a prince. Iii. f. , Sītā.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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