Parthiva, Pārthiva: 24 definitions


Parthiva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Parthiv.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Parthiva in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Pārthiva (पार्थिव) refers to “earthen”, representing the material of the liṅgas of the Aśvinidevas, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.12, where the Devas and Viṣṇu requested Viśvakarman for liṅgas for the achievement of the desires of all people:—“[...] at our bidding Viśvakarmā made liṅgas and gave them to the devas according to their status. [...] The Viśvedevas and the Vasus took silver liṅgas. O sage, the Aśvini devas took the brazen and earthen liṅgas (Pārthiva-liṅga). [...] Thus different kinds of liṅgas were given to them by Viśvakarmā which the devas and the celestial sages worship regularly. After giving the devas the various liṅgas from a desire for their benefit, Viṣṇu explained the mode of worship of Śiva to me, Brahmā”.

2) Pārthiva (पार्थिव) refers to “clay”, representing a material for a Liṅga in one’s house (geha), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13, while explaining the mode of worshipping Śiva:—“[...] after worshipping Śiva with sandal paste, saffron, incense, various lamps, and food-offerings of different sorts he shall bow down again. In the house the liṅga shall be made of clay (pārthiva), silver or any other metal or mercury. It shall be bowed to with devotion. If that is worshipped, all deities are worshipped. If the liṅga is made of clay it shall be installed duly”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pārthiva (पार्थिव).—An Ārṣeya Pravara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 196. 9.

1b) One of the three fires; it was so called when (1/4) of the night of Brahmā was remaining.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 5-7.

1c) Also Pavana; a kind of fire.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 6.

1d) Of Kauśika gotra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 98.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of parthiva in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Pārthiva (पार्थिव) refers to a “king” (or, “lord of the earth”), whose beard (śmaśru) should be represented as vicitra (smartly done), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing the beard is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of parthiva in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Pārthiva (पार्थिव) refers to the “ruler” (of a kingdom), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If Jupiter should be eclipsed by the lunar disc the men of Gāndhāra, of Sauvīraka, of Sindhu and of Kīra (Kāśmīra) the rulers of the Draviḍa countries and Brāhmins as well as food grains and mountains will suffer for ten months. If Mars should be so eclipsed the rulers of Traigarta (Lāhora) and of Mālavā, with their fighting men in their cars, the chiefs of Kulinda, the rulers [i.e., pārthiva] of Śibi, of Audha, of Kuru (Delhi), of Matsya and of Śukti will suffer for six months”.

2) Pārthiva (पार्थिव) refers to the nineteenth of the sixty-year cycle of Jupiter, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8).—Accordingly, “The first year of the fourth yuga is known as Citrabhānu; in it mankind will be happy. The second is known as Subhānu. In it mankind will be neither happy nor miserable; there will however be disease in the land but no deaths in consequence. The next year is known as Tāraṇa; in it there will be abundance of rain. The next is known as Pārthiva; in it crops with thrive well and mankind will be happy. The fifth year is known as Vyaya; in it amorous sensastions will prevail over the land”.

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas

Pārthiva (पार्थिव) refers to the nineteenth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native born in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘parthiva’ performs the rites of his religion (with reverence), is well versed (learned) in the excellent shastras, is a perfected hand (skilled) in the field of arts, sensual or pleasure-loving and is the chief of his family.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year parthiva (2005-2006 AD) will be a king unequalled for his prosperity and happiness.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of parthiva in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Pārthiva (पार्थिव) or Pārthivakṣetra refers to “earthen land” and represents one of the five classifications of “land” (kṣetra), as defined in the first chapter (ānūpādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “a pārthiva or earther land is usually four-cornered, symmetrical. t has yellowish story ground with bracelet like shining, rounded gravels and is full of yellow coloured dear heards and creepers with yellow flowers. It is a hard and raised land”.

Substances (dravya) pertaining to Pārthiva-kṣetra are known as Pārthivadravya—Such dravyas alleviate diseases and enhance vitality. These are tasty and have steady effect. Brāhma is the deity of Pārthiva soil and substances.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Pārthiva (पार्थिव):—One of the category of substances that are of mineral origin like silver, gold, etc.

2) [pārthivam] The substance predominently made of prithvi mahabhuta

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of parthiva in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Pārthiva (पार्थिव) refers to the “whole earth”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “If a conflagration without a fire (that starts it) begins suddenly in a village, the offering of beef into the Triangle with clarified butter a million times (brings about) great peace and that prevails over the whole earth [i.e., pārthiva]”.

2) Pārthivā (पार्थिवा) refers to one of the eight Yoginīs (yoginī-aṣṭaka) associated with Kāmākhya (corresponding to the eastern face of Bhairava), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—[...] The eight Yoginīs (yoginyaṣṭaka): Viśālā, Pārthivā, Yakṣī, Dhūrjaṭī, Viṣabhakṣaṇī, Sarvasiddhipradā, Tuṣṭi, Icchā, Siddhipradāyakī.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of parthiva in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Pārthiva (पार्थिव) is the name of the tree (vṛkṣa) associated with Kilakilārava: the north-western cremation ground (śmaśāna) according to the Saṃvarodayatantra 17.38. The tree associated with the north-west is sometimes given as Arjuna or Dhanañjaya. As a part of this sādhana, the practicioner is to visualize a suitable dwelling place for the goddess inside the circle of protection which takes the form of eight cremation grounds.

These trees (e.g., Pārthiva) that are associated with the cremation grounds are often equated with the eight bodhi-trees of the Buddhas (the current buddha plus the seven previous one). According to the Śmaśānavidhi each tree has a secondary tree (upavṛkṣa) that is depicted as lovely and covered in vaṅga flowers and fruit. In each tree lives a naked rākṣasa who is wrathful in form, who eats human flesh and who has the animal face or the mount of the dikpati in his cremation ground.

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Pārthiva (पार्थिव) refers to one of the eight trees (vṛkṣa) of the Guṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the guṇacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. Pārthiva is associated with the charnel grounds (śmaśāna) named Kilikilārava; with the direction-guardian (dikpāla) named Vāyu; with the serpent king (nāgendra) named Śaṅkhapāla and with the cloud king (meghendra) named Caṇḍa.

Source: WikiPedia: Tibetan Buddhism

Pārthiva (पार्थिव) (in Tibetan: Sakyong) (1427–1527 CE) refers to the sixteenth of the twenty-five Kalki kings (of Shambhala) who represents the holders of the Kalachakra (“wheel of time”) teachings of Buddha Shakyamuni.—The king Pārthiva is described as “holder of the cleaver that cuts the bonds of ignorance”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of parthiva in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pārthiva (पार्थिव).—n S An earthen lingam made to use in worship. 2 m A king.

--- OR ---

pārthiva (पार्थिव).—a S Relating to earth, earthy or earthen. 2 Relating to the globe, terrene or terrestrial.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pārthiva (पार्थिव).—n An earthen lingam made to use in worship. m A king. a Relating to earth. Terrestrial.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of parthiva in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pārthiva (पार्थिव).—a. (- f.) [पृथिव्याः ईश्वरः इदं वा अण् (pṛthivyāḥ īśvaraḥ idaṃ vā aṇ)]

1) Earthen, earthy, terrestrial, relating to the earth; यतो रजः पार्थिवमुज्जिहीते (yato rajaḥ pārthivamujjihīte) R.13.64.

2) Ruling the earth.

3) Princely, royal.

-vaḥ 1 An inhabitant of the earth.

2) A king, sovereign; अथ तस्य विवाहकौतुकं ललितं बिभ्रत एव पार्थिवः (atha tasya vivāhakautukaṃ lalitaṃ bibhrata eva pārthivaḥ) R.8.1.

3) An earthen vessel.

4) The body.

5) The विकार (vikāra) of the earth; अयं जनो नाम चलन् पृथिव्यां यः पार्थिवः पार्थिव कस्य हेतोः (ayaṃ jano nāma calan pṛthivyāṃ yaḥ pārthivaḥ pārthiva kasya hetoḥ) Bhāgavata 5.12.5.

6) A गृह्याग्नि (gṛhyāgni) of the naming ceremony (nāmakaraṇa).

-vam An earthy substance.

-vā 1 A royal concubine.

2) Arsenic (see nighaṇṭaratnākara).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārthiva (पार्थिव).—mfn.

(-vaḥ-vā or vī-vaṃ) 1. Earthen, made or derived from earth. 2. Ruling or possessing the earth. 3. Princely, royal. m.

(-vaḥ) 1. A king, a prince. 2. An earthen vessel. 3. An inhabitant of the earth. f. (-vī) 1. A name of Sita. 2. An epithet of Lakshmi. E. pṛthivī the earth, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārthiva (पार्थिव).—i. e. pṛthivī + a, I. adj., f. . 1. Terrestrial, Chr. 290, 3 = [Rigveda.] i. 64, 3 ( for vāni). 2. Ruling or possessing the earth, Chr. 14, 17. 3. Royal, fit for kings or princes, Mahābhārata 5, 2187. Ii. m. 1. An inhabitant of the earth, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 25, 20. 2. A king, a prince. Iii. f. , Sītā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārthiva (पार्थिव).—1. [feminine] ī earthly, terrestrial; [masculine] inhabitant of the earth, lord of the earth, prince, king, warrior. Abstr. † [feminine], tva† [neuter]

--- OR ---

Pārthiva (पार्थिव).—2. [feminine] ī royal, princely.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pārthiva (पार्थिव):—[from pārthava] mf(ī or ā; cf. [Pāṇini 4-1, 85], [vArttika] 2)n. ([from] pṛthivī f. of pṛthu) earthen, earthy, earthly, being in or relating to or coming from the earth, terrestrial, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] mf(ī)n. (from m. below) fit for kings or princes, royal, princely, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

3) [v.s. ...] m. an inhabitant of the earth, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

4) [v.s. ...] a lord of the earth, king, prince, warrior, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] an earthen vessel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Agni, [Gṛhyāsaṃgraha]

7) [v.s. ...] the 19th (or 53rd) year in Jupiter’s cycle of 60 years, [Varāha-mihira]

8) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) Name of a family belonging to the Kauśikas, [Harivaṃśa]

9) [from pārthava] n. ([plural]) the regions of the earth, [Ṛg-veda]

10) [v.s. ...] an earthy substance, [Harivaṃśa] ([varia lectio] thavi), [Suśruta]

11) [v.s. ...] Tabernaemontana Coronaria, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārthiva (पार्थिव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. A king; earthen vessel. f. () Sītā. a. Earthen.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pārthiva (पार्थिव) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Patthiva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Parthiva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of parthiva in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parthiva in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pārthiva (पार्थिव) [Also spelled parthiv]:—(a) terrestrial, earthly; material; worldly, mundane; hence ~[vatā] (nf); ~[vetara] ultramundane, other-worldly; ~[va śarīra] material frame, mundane being.

context information


Discover the meaning of parthiva in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pārthiva (ಪಾರ್ಥಿವ):—

1) [adjective] of or related, the earth.

2) [adjective] related to ruling or ruler of the earth.

3) [adjective] of or limited to this world; temporal or secular; wordly.

4) [adjective] of man as a being who must eventually die (used chiefly in relation with human body).

--- OR ---

Pārthiva (ಪಾರ್ಥಿವ):—

1) [noun] that which belongs to or made of or generated from the earth (as plants).

2) [noun] a ruler; a king.

3) [noun] Śiva.

4) [noun] the earth-born, as a tree.

5) [noun] the sky.

6) [noun] the nineteenth year in the Hindu cycle of sixty years.

7) [noun] an earthen pot.

8) [noun] the physical body of a human being, animal or the physical structure of a plant.

9) [noun] the caste of warriors; military caste.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of parthiva in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: