Stotra: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Stotra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Stotra (स्तोत्र) [Ārya or Drāviḍa] refers to “chanting veda/ devāram” and represents one of the various upacāras (offerings), in pūjā (ritual worship), as defined in the Śaivāgamas.—Pūjā consists of offering hospitality, in the form of water to wash the feet, to drink, water for ablutions, offering a bath, new clothes, fragrant unguents, fragrant flowers and ornaments, food and so on. Each step in the pūjā process is called “saṃskāra” and each offering is called “upacāra” [viz., Stotra].

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Stotra (स्तोत्र).—Of Gadādhara, by Brahmā;1 by Śiva.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 109. 27-31.
  • 2) Ib. 109. 43. 50.

1b) Four-fold, dravya, guṇa, karma, and ābhijanikam.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 58.

1c) 1 —of Brahmā by Gods oppressed by Tāraka;2 of Pārvatī by Vīraka;3 of Ṣanmukha before Tārakāvadha;4 same by Siddhas and Bandies;5 of Narasimha by Gods after the death of Hiraṇyakaśipu;6 of Narasimha by Śankara;7 of Hari by Aditi;8 of Hari by Prahlāda;9 of Vāmana by Brahmā;10 of Mādhava by earth (Mādhavīya);11 of Viṣṇu by Gods for Amṛthamathana.12

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 61. 50-3.
  • 2) Ib. 154. 7-15.
  • 3) Ib. 158. 11-20.
  • 4) Ib. 159. 13-17.
  • 5) Ib. 169. 40-3.
  • 6) Ib. 163. 98-103.
  • 7) Ib. 179. 55-60.
  • 8) Ib. 244. 12-34.
  • 9) Ib. 245. 17-29.
  • 10) Ib. 245. 67-80.
  • 11) Ib. 248. 12. 56.
  • 12) Ib. 249. 37-44.

1d) Of Viṣṇu by Prithivī;1 by Brahmā;2 by other Gods;3 by Dhruva;4 by Pracetasas;5 by Prahlāda;6 by Devas;7 by Brahmā;8 by Kāliya's wives (Kṛṣṇa);9 by Kāliya;10 by Nārada;11 by Akrūra;12 by Vāsudeva after Kaṃsa's fall;13 by Mucukunda;14 by Aditi after getting her kuṇḍala back.15

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 4. 12-24.
  • 2) Ib. I. 9. 40. 57.
  • 3) Ib. I. 9. 69-74.
  • 4) Ib. I. 12. 51-74.
  • 5) Ib. I. 15. 2{??}-43.
  • 6) Ib. I. 19. 64-86; 20. 9-13.
  • 7) Ib. III. 17. 11-34.
  • 8) Ib. V. 1. 35-51, 55-9.
  • 9) Ib. V. 7. 48-59.
  • 10) Ib. V. 7. 61-76.
  • 11) Ib. V. 16. 19-27.
  • 12) Ib. V. 17. 3-17; 18. 48-58.
  • 13) Ib. V. 20. 94-105.
  • 14) Ib. V. 23. 29-47.
  • 15) Ib. V. 30. 6-23.

1e) Of Lakṣmī, by Indra.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 9. 116-33.

1f) Of Sūrya, by Yājñavalkya.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 5. 16-25.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Stotra (स्तोत्र) denotes the ‘song’ of the Udgātṛ and his assistant priests (see ṛtvij), just as Śastra denotes the ‘recitation’ of the Hotṛ and his assistants. The word has this technical sense quite frequently in the later Saṃhitās and the Brāhmaṇas.

Source: UTokyo Repository: The Invention of Arranging Symbolical Numbers in to stotras in Soma Sacrifices

A stotra is a complex of melodic mantras of Samaveda sung only in the Soma-type of śrauta ritual by three priests of Samavedin, who inherit Sāmavedic texts and its ritualistic tradition. The Soma sacrifices belonging to this type have as many stotras as its own samsthā-style requires. For example, in agniṣṭoma-samsthā-styled Soma rituals there are 12 stotras on the main day (sutyam ahan), when cups of juice extracted from Soma stalks (it has been recognized as Ephedra today) are poured into the āhavanīyafire as an oblation, and in ukthya-styled Soma rituals 15 stotras.

There are several elements that constitute a stotra such as melodies (sāman), verses (ṛc), etc. Among them, stoma is a technical term attached to the number of melodic verses in one stotra.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

stōtra (स्तोत्र).—n (S) Praise, panegyric, eulogium. 2 A book or writing in celebration of the praises of: also a hymn.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

stōtra (स्तोत्र).—n Praise. A hymn.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Stotra (स्तोत्र).—[stu-ṣṭran]

1) Praise, eulogium.

2) A hymn of praise, panegyric; सकलगणवरिष्ठः पुष्पदन्ताभिधानो रुचिर- मलघुवृत्तैः स्तोत्रमेतच्चकार (sakalagaṇavariṣṭhaḥ puṣpadantābhidhāno rucira- malaghuvṛttaiḥ stotrametaccakāra) Śiva-mahimna.33.

Derivable forms: stotram (स्तोत्रम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stotra (स्तोत्र).—n.

(-traṃ) Praise, eulogium. E. ṣṭu to praise, aff. ṣṭran .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stotra (स्तोत्र).—i. e. stu + tra, n. Praise, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 53, 17; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 351.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stotra (स्तोत्र).—[neuter] praise, hymn; a cert. kind of recitations ([ritual or religion]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Stotra (स्तोत्र):—[from stu] n. praise, eulogium, a hymn of praise, ode, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (in ritual) Name of the texts or verses which are sung (in contradistinction to the Śastras [q.v.] which are recited), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; ???]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stotra (स्तोत्र):—(traṃ) 1. n. Praise.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Stotra (स्तोत्र):—(wie eben) n. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 182] (parox.).

1) Lobgesang, Preis, Lob [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 5, 12.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 269.] [Halāyudha 1, 145.] [Ṛgveda 1, 30, 5.] sto.ramasya.na tandate [138, 1. 3, 33, 14. 5, 55, 9.] indrasya sto.raṃ ma.ibhiravāci [?6, 34, 5. 9, 72, 9. 105, 1.Atharvavedasaṃhitā 5, 11, 8. 9. Mahābhārata 1, 812. 8426. 3, 165. 4, 1255.] durgā [?6,794. Harivaṃśa 329. 10231. Rājataraṅgiṇī.3,62. Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 85,39. 97,2. WEBER, KṚṢṆAJ. 301. fgg. Brahmapurāṇa in Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 52,19. Bhāgavatapurāṇa.3,9,38. 40.4,7,19. 15,23. 25,2.6,8,27. 19,9.8,3,31. PAÑCAR.1,3,88.4,22.9,9.4,1,16. Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 496. 1274. Oxforder Handschriften 94,a,36. fgg.] kuryāccaturvidhaṃ stotraṃ pakṣayorubhayorapi [KĀM. NĪTIS. 12, 11.] satyaṃ priyaṃ ca [17, 16.] [BURNOUF, Intr. 542. 557.] svavikramakathā [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 351.] anyathā [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 204.] mithyā [Spr. (II) 7596.] imaṃ stotram [Harivaṃśa 15022] wohl nur fehlerhaft für idaṃ sto . —

2) im Ritual die in singender Recitation vorgetragenen, den Śastra parallelen Abschnitte. Auf die Schöpfung des Soma folgt dieser Gesang des Udgātar und seiner Genossen, dann das Śastra durch den Hotar und Opferung des Tranks. Der Agniṣṭoma z. B. zählt an den drei Savana zwölf Stotra mit 190 Versen (stotriyā). Nach [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 3, 23] und [Sāyaṇa] zu d. St. besteht ein Stotra aus fünf Gliedern: hiṃkāra (des Udgātar), prastāva (des Prastotar), udgītha (des Udgātar), pratihāra (des Pratihartar) und nidhana (sämmtlicher). Ueber Einzelnes vgl. [Sāyaṇa] zu [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 3, 41.] [Scholiast] zu [Śāṅkhāyana’s Brāhmaṇa 16, 9.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā Comm. 3, 16.] [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa Comm. 1, 99.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 10, 353. fg. -] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 4, 1, 1, 7.] yadvāva stotraṃ tacchastraṃ yāsu hyeva stuvate tā evānuśaṃsati [8, 1, 3, 4.] ṛcā vai stotrāya gṛhyate yajuṣā śastrāya [Kāṭhaka-Recension 29, 2.] grahaṃ vā gṛhī.vā cama.aṃ vo.nīya sto.ramu.ākuryāt [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 3, 1, 2, 4.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Brāhmaṇa 17, 7.] [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 2, 37. 3, 46. 4, 12.] nividā stotramatiśastaṃ bhavati [3, 11.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 9, 14, 4. 12, 4, 16.] prasava [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 8, 15, 4.] stotramagre śastrāt [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 5, 10, 1.] [LĀṬY. 1, 11, 23. 2, 7, 4. 11, 1.] stotravatprastāvāḥ [4, 10, 7.] yaddevatyāsu stuvate sā stotradevatā [?6, 9, 4. Scholiast zu 1. Mahābhārata 14, 742.] — Vgl. ālamandāra, dhanada, nitya, parā, priya, bhaktāmara, marut, rāma, lakṣmī, vākyasiddhānta, śivapañcākṣara, śrīgurusahasranāma, śrīhari, saptabuddha, sarasvatī, sūrya .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Stotra (स्तोत्र):—(nm) a hymn (of praise); eulogism, doxology; ~[triya] pertaining to a ~[tra].

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