Stotra; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Stotra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

1a) Stotra (स्तोत्र).—Of Gadādhara, by Brahmā;1 by Śiva.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 109. 27-31.
  • 2) Ib. 109. 43. 50.

1b) Four-fold, dravya, guṇa, karma, and ābhijanikam.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 58.

1c) 1 —of Brahmā by Gods oppressed by Tāraka;2 of Pārvatī by Vīraka;3 of Ṣanmukha before Tārakāvadha;4 same by Siddhas and Bandies;5 of Narasimha by Gods after the death of Hiraṇyakaśipu;6 of Narasimha by Śankara;7 of Hari by Aditi;8 of Hari by Prahlāda;9 of Vāmana by Brahmā;10 of Mādhava by earth (Mādhavīya);11 of Viṣṇu by Gods for Amṛthamathana.12

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 61. 50-3.
  • 2) Ib. 154. 7-15.
  • 3) Ib. 158. 11-20.
  • 4) Ib. 159. 13-17.
  • 5) Ib. 169. 40-3.
  • 6) Ib. 163. 98-103.
  • 7) Ib. 179. 55-60.
  • 8) Ib. 244. 12-34.
  • 9) Ib. 245. 17-29.
  • 10) Ib. 245. 67-80.
  • 11) Ib. 248. 12. 56.
  • 12) Ib. 249. 37-44.

1d) Of Viṣṇu by Prithivī;1 by Brahmā;2 by other Gods;3 by Dhruva;4 by Pracetasas;5 by Prahlāda;6 by Devas;7 by Brahmā;8 by Kāliya's wives (Kṛṣṇa);9 by Kāliya;10 by Nārada;11 by Akrūra;12 by Vāsudeva after Kaṃsa's fall;13 by Mucukunda;14 by Aditi after getting her kuṇḍala back.15

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 4. 12-24.
  • 2) Ib. I. 9. 40. 57.
  • 3) Ib. I. 9. 69-74.
  • 4) Ib. I. 12. 51-74.
  • 5) Ib. I. 15. 2{??}-43.
  • 6) Ib. I. 19. 64-86; 20. 9-13.
  • 7) Ib. III. 17. 11-34.
  • 8) Ib. V. 1. 35-51, 55-9.
  • 9) Ib. V. 7. 48-59.
  • 10) Ib. V. 7. 61-76.
  • 11) Ib. V. 16. 19-27.
  • 12) Ib. V. 17. 3-17; 18. 48-58.
  • 13) Ib. V. 20. 94-105.
  • 14) Ib. V. 23. 29-47.
  • 15) Ib. V. 30. 6-23.

1e) Of Lakṣmī, by Indra.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 9. 116-33.

1f) Of Sūrya, by Yājñavalkya.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 5. 16-25.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Stotra (स्तोत्र) denotes the ‘song’ of the Udgātṛ and his assistant priests (see ṛtvij), just as Śastra denotes the ‘recitation’ of the Hotṛ and his assistants. The word has this technical sense quite frequently in the later Saṃhitās and the Brāhmaṇas.

(Source): archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

A stotra is a complex of melodic mantras of Samaveda sung only in the Soma-type of śrauta ritual by three priests of Samavedin, who inherit Sāmavedic texts and its ritualistic tradition. The Soma sacrifices belonging to this type have as many stotras as its own samsthā-style requires. For example, in agniṣṭoma-samsthā-styled Soma rituals there are 12 stotras on the main day (sutyam ahan), when cups of juice extracted from Soma stalks (it has been recognized as Ephedra today) are poured into the āhavanīyafire as an oblation, and in ukthya-styled Soma rituals 15 stotras.

There are several elements that constitute a stotra such as melodies (sāman), verses (ṛc), etc. Among them, stoma is a technical term attached to the number of melodic verses in one stotra.

(Source): UTokyo Repository: The Invention of Arranging Symbolical Numbers in to stotras in Soma Sacrifices

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

stōtra (स्तोत्र).—n (S) Praise, panegyric, eulogium. 2 A book or writing in celebration of the praises of: also a hymn.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

stōtra (स्तोत्र).—n Praise. A hymn.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Stotra (स्तोत्र).—[stu-ṣṭran]

1) Praise, eulogium.

2) A hymn of praise, panegyric; सकलगणवरिष्ठः पुष्पदन्ताभिधानो रुचिर- मलघुवृत्तैः स्तोत्रमेतच्चकार (sakalagaṇavariṣṭhaḥ puṣpadantābhidhāno rucira- malaghuvṛttaiḥ stotrametaccakāra) Śiva-mahimna.33.

Derivable forms: stotram (स्तोत्रम्).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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