Tapasvin: 16 definitions


Tapasvin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Tapasvin (तपस्विन्) refers to “ascetics”, whose mask should be represented with long hair (lambakeśaka), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing masks is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Tapasvin (तपस्विन्) means “one who is austere”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(The Śāmbhava yogi) has the authority (to perform the rites), knows the scripture and has a consort. He practices secretly and is always a renouncer. (Being) a householder, he observes the Rule. Solitary, he has a wife and, well hidden, he eats the sacrificial pap. One who has abandoned strife, (being) tranquil and austere [i.e., tapasvin], he attains (the liberated state of) the Skyfarer. He has obtained initiation and, consecrated, he desires success in mantra. [...]”.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Tapasvin (तपस्विन्) refers to “ascetics”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If the eclipses should fall in the lunar month of Phālguna, the people of Vaṅga, of Āśmaka, of Avantikā and the Mekalās will be afflicted with disease; dancers, food crops, chaste women, bow-makers, the Kṣatriyas and ascetics [i.e., tapasvin] will also suffer”.

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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Tapasvin in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Tapasvin (तपस्विन्) refers to “ascetics”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.12.—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Himācala (i.e., Himālaya): “This auspicious slender-bodied maiden of comely hips and moon-like face should not be brought near me. I forbid you again and again. A woman is a phase of illusion. As the scholars [i.e., vidvas] who have mastered the Vedas say particularly, a young damsel is a hindrance to ascetics. O mountain, I am an ascetic, a yogin, never affected by illusion. Of what avail is a woman thrust on me? [...]”.

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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Tapasvin (तपस्विन्) refers to an “ascetic” and represents one of the ten persons suitable for rendering services, according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] Vajranābha acquired strong Tirthakṛt-body-making and family-karma by the twenty sthānakas as follows:—[...] The sixteenth sthāna is the rendering of service by food, drink, etc., to the ten persons, Ācārya, etc. [viz., Tapasvin] [...]”.

Note: The 10 persons entitled to service are; [viz., Tapasvin (ascetic);].—(cf. Aupapātikasūtra 20, p. 43. Sthānāṅgasūtra 397, p. 299. Āvaśyakasūtra 176-78, p. 161b). [...] These 10 persons are entitled to 13 kinds of service: giving of food; of drink; giving a seat; supplying anything that may be lacking in his equipment; cleansing the feet; giving of clothes; giving of medicine; escort on the road; protection from rogues, thieves, etc.; taking the staff when he enters the house; and 3 kinds of sanitary service.—(cf. Āvaśyakasūtra p. 161b).

2) Tapasvin (तपस्विन्) also refers to “one who practices severe penance”, representing one of the eight divisions of Prabhāvanā (“propogation”), according to the same chapter.—Accordingly, “[...] the twentieth is the propagation of the doctrine by Vidyās, prognostication, literary composition, discussion, discourses on dharma, etc. [viz., Tapasvin] Of these (i.e., of the twenty) one is cause for gaining tīrthakṛtnāma-karma”.—(Cf. note 120 and Yogaśāstra 2.16, p. 65)

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Tapasvin.—(SITI), an ascetic; a recluse; a religious mendicant. Note: tapasvin is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tapasvin (तपस्विन्).—a.

1) Practising penance, devout.

2) Poor, miserable, helpless, pitiable; सा तपस्विनी निर्वृता भवतु (sā tapasvinī nirvṛtā bhavatu) Ś.4; Māl 3; N.1.l35. -m.

1) An ascetic; तपस्विसामान्यमवेक्ष- णीया (tapasvisāmānyamavekṣa- ṇīyā) R.14.67.

2) A mendicant, pauper.

3) An epithet of Nārada.

4) A sparrow.

5) A mango-fish; (see tapaskara).

-nī 1 female ascetic.

2) A poor or wretched woman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tapasvin (तपस्विन्).—mfn. (-svī-svinī-svi) 1. Devout practicing austerities. 2. Poor wretched, pitiable. m. (-svī) 1. An ascetic, a religious man engaged in the practice of rigorous and devout penance. 2. A name of Narada. 3. A mendicant, a pauper. 4. The mangoe fish, (Polynemus risua.) f. (-svinī) 3. A female devotee, a woman leading a religious life. 2. Spikenard, (Valeriana jatamansi.) 3. Another plant: see kaṭurohiṇī. E. tapas religious austerity, the hot season, &c. astyarthevini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tapasvin (तपस्विन्).—[tapas + vin], I. adj. 1. Distressed, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 9, 48. 2. Devout, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 162. Ii. m. An ascetic, one engaged in the practice of rigorous and devout penance, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 6, 46.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tapasvin (तपस्विन्).—[adjective] distressed, miserable; devout, pious, doing penance; [masculine] & [feminine] tapasvinī an ascetic, a religious man or woman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Tapasvin (तपस्विन्) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tapasvin (तपस्विन्):—[=tapas-vin] [from tapas > tap] mfn. ([Pāṇini 5-2, 102]) distressed, wretched, poor, miserable, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā v, 3, 3, 4] ([Comparative degree] -vi-tara), [Rāmāyaṇa ii f.; Śakuntalā; Mālavikāgnimitra; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] practising austerities, (m.) an ascetic, [Atharva-veda xiii, 2, 25; Kāṭhaka xx]([Comparative degree]), [xxiii] ([superlative degree] -vi-tama), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] ([Comparative degree] [ii]) etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. a pauper, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] = paḥkara, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a kind of Karañja tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Nārada, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Manu Cākṣuṣa, [Harivaṃśa 71]

8) [v.s. ...] of a Ṛṣi of the 12th Manv-antara, 482 [Bhāgavata-purāṇa viii, 13, 29; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tapasvin (तपस्विन्):—(svī) 5. m. An ascetic; Nārada; a mango-fish. f. Spikenard. a. Devout; poor.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Tapasvin (तपस्विन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Tavassi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tapasvin in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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