Anga, aka: Aṅga; 20 Definition(s)
Anga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
1a) Aṅga (अङ्ग) refers to “the six major limbs” with which are perfromed the various āṅgika, or, “gestures” (physical representations), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8.
The following are regarded as the six major limbs (aṅga):
- śiras (head),
- hasta (hands),
- uras (breast),
- sides (pārśva),
- waist (kaṭi),
- pāda (feet).
1b) Aṅga (अङ्ग) is the name of a country pertaining to the Oḍramāgadhī local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the verbal style (bhāratī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).
1c) Aṅga (अङ्ग) refers to “elements of diction”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19. There are six kinds of elements of diction (aṅga) defined:
- viccheda (division during a pause),
- arpaṇa (recital proper),
- visarga (conclusion),
- anubandha (coherence),
- dīpana (colourfulness),
- praśamana (abatement)
2) Aṅga (अङ्ग) is the name of a tribe, usually to be represented by a dark or deep blue (śyāma) color when painting the limbs (aṅgaracanā), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. The painting is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).
3) Aṅga (अङ्ग) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
The six elements (aṅga) of diction were:
- the so-called division (viccheda) during a pause (virāma);
- recital proper (arpaṇa), which was of a representative nature and filled the auditorium with a beautifully modulated voice;
- the conclusion (visarga) marking the end of a sentence;
- coherence (anubandha), which prevented pauses between words linked by meaning, up to the prohibition to inhale during the utterance;
- colourfulness (dīpana), responsible for the gradual increase of vocal power as the sounds of the three basic pitches were pronounced;
- and abatement (praśamana), which allowed lowering of the pitch without accompanying dissonant sounds
Aṅga (अङ्ग).—Aṅga are the six limbs of a song (gāna) such as svara (the notes or melody), viruda (a passage extolling the song and usually including the author’s signature), pada (a passage of meaningful text), tenaka (the meaningless words), pāṭha (a passage of onomatopoetic sounds such as dang-dang-di-dang, etc.), and tāla (section governed by rhythm or beat). Songs that are comprised of these parts are called nibaddha-saṅgīta.(Source): Vrindavan Today: Govinda-lilamrita: Rasa-lila musicology
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
1) Aṅga (अङ्ग).—A King belonging to the Candra vaṃśa. (Lunar dynasty). Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order: Brahmā-Atri-Candra-Budha-Purūravas-Āyus-Nahuṣa-Yayāti-Anudruhyu-Sabhānara-Kālanara-Sṛñjaya-Titikṣa-Kuśadhṛta-Homa-Sutapas-Bali-Aṅga. (See full article at Story of Aṅga from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Aṅga (अङ्ग).—The kingdom ruled by King Aṅga. Other details: The Dynasty. The first King of the Aṅga dynasty was Aṅga the son of Bali. Anagābhu, Draviratha, Dharmaratha, Romapāda (Lomapāda), Caturaṅga, Pṛthulākṣa, Bṛhadratha, Bṛhanmanas, Jayadratha, Vijaya, Dṛḍhavrata, Satyakarmā, Atiratha, Karṇa, Vṛṣasena and others were kings of this dynasty. Karṇa was the adopted son of Atiratha. During the period of the Mahābhārata, Kings of the Atiratha family were under the sway of the Candra vaṃśa (Lunar dynasty) kings such as Dhṛtarāṣṭra and Pāṇḍu. (For further informations see the word Atiratha).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Aṅga (अङ्ग).—The father of Vena; knew the power of Kṛṣṇa's yoga.1 A son of Ulmuka (Kuru and Āgneyī— Viṣṇu-purāṇa). His wife was Sunīthā, the cruel-faced daughter of Mṛtyu. Finding the son's conduct cruel and unbecoming, he departed from the city.2 Once he performed the aśvamedha but the gods did not partake of the offerings. When he consulted the learned assembly, was advised by it that he could get a son by worshipping Hari. But the son born, Vena, was so mischievous that the king abandoned the kingdom in distress. Though messengers were deputed in search of him, his whereabouts remained untraced.3 Devoted to Hari, sought refuge with Him.4 According to the brahmāṇḍa, matsya and vāyu purāṇas he was the son of Ūru and Āgneyī.5 A Prajāpati of the family of Svāyambhuva Manu (of the Atri line.)6
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 43; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 6.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13, 17-18.
- 3) Ib. IV. 13. 24-49.
- 4) Ib. IV. 21. 28; X. 60. 41.
- 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 108 & 126; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 92-3; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 44.
- 6) Matsya-purāṇa 10. 3-4; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 107.
1b) A kṣetraja son of Bali: born of Dīrghatamas. Father of Khanapāna (Anapāna).1 After him was the Aṅgadeśa.2 Father of Dadhivāhana, born without apāna (anus).3 The last king of his line was Vṛṣasena.4
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 5 & 6; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 25 & 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 28, 85; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 27, 87.
- 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 13-14.
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 102; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 100.
- 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 29.
1c) —(c)—An eastern kingdom. Its king got war elephants from Devas.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 51; 18. 51; III. 7. 349; 74. 213; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 44; 121. 50; Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 48; 99. 402.
1d) A son of Havirdhāna.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 4. 45.
1e) The son of Viśvajit Janamejaya and father of Karṇa.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 48. 102; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 112.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Aṅga (अङ्ग) is the name of a Śāktapīṭha mentioned in the Kulārṇavatantra. The Kulārṇava-tantra is an important 11th century work for the Kaula school of Śāktism. It refers to eighteen such Śākta-pīṭhas (eg. Aṅga) which is defined as a sacred sanctuary of Devī located here on earth. According to legend, there are in total fifty-one such sanctuaries (pīṭha) on earth, created from the corresponding parts of Devī’s body,(Source): Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Aṅga (अङ्ग) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—This country lying between Bhāgalpur and Monghyr. Its capital name was Campāpuri, which is now located within two miles west side of Bhāgalpur.(Source): Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Āṅga (आङ्ग).—An operation prescribed in the section, called aṅgādhikāra, in the Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini, made up of five Pādas consisting of the fourth quarter of the 6th adhyāya and all the four quarters of the seventh adhyāya. आङ्गात् पूर्वं विकरणा एषितव्याः (āṅgāt pūrvaṃ vikaraṇā eṣitavyāḥ) M. Bh on I.3.60 Vārt. 5; cf. also वार्णादाङ्गं बलीयो भवति (vārṇādāṅgaṃ balīyo bhavati) Par. Śek. Pari 55: also M. Bh. on III.2.3.(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Anga (अंग): Mlechchha kings, a Kaurava supporter.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
Aṅga (अङ्ग):—Aṅgas are the major limbs of the body which include the head, chest, sides, waist, hands and feet.(Source): Academia.edu: Some Pearls from the Fourth Chapter of Abhinavabhāratī Table of Contents
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
1. Anga. (See also Anga) - One of the stock list of the sixteen Powers or Great Countries (Mahajanapada), mentioned in the Pitakas. E.g., A.i.213; iv.252, 256, 260.
The countries mentioned are Anga, Magadha, Kasi, Kosala, Vajji, Malla, Ceti, Vamsa, Kuru, Pancala, Maccha, Surasena, Assaka, Avanti, Gandhara, and Kamboja. Other similar lists occur elsewhere, e.g. D.ii.200 (where ten countries are mentioned); see also Mtu.i.34 and i.198; and Lal.24(22).
It was to the east of Magadha, from which it was separated by the River Campa, and had as its capital city Campa, near the modern Bhagalpur (Cunningham, pp. 546-7). Other cities mentioned are Bhaddiya (DA.i.279; DhA.i.384) and Assapura (M.i.271).
The country is generally referred to by the name of its people, the Anga, though occasionally (E.g., DhA.i.384) the name Angarattha is used. In the Buddhas time it was subject to Magadha, (ThagA.i.548) whose king Bimbisara was, we are told, held in esteem also by the people of Anga (MA.i.394), and the people of the two countries evidently used to pay frequent visits to each other (J.ii.211). We never hear of its having regained its former independence, and traditions of war between the two countries are mentioned (E.g., J.iv.454; J.v.316; J.vi.271).
In the Buddhas time the Angaraja was just a wealthy nobleman, and he is mentioned merely as having granted a pension to a Brahmin (M.ii.163). The people of Anga and Magadha are generally mentioned together, so we may gather that by the Buddhas time they had become one people. They provide Uruvela Kassapa with offerings for his great sacrifice (Vin.i.27). It was their custom to offer an annual sacrifice to Maha Brahma in the hope of gaining reward a hundred thousand fold. On one occasion Sakka appears in person and goes with them to the Buddha so that they may not waste their energies in futile sacrifices (SA.i.269-70).
Several discourses were preached in the Anga country, among them being the Sonadanda Sutta and the two Assapura Suttas (Maha- and Cula-). The Mahagovinda Sutta seems to indicate that once, in the past, Dhatarattha was king of Anga. But this, perhaps, refers to another country (Dial.ii.270 n.; see also The Ramayana i.8, 9, 17, 25).
Sona Kolivisa, before he entered the Order, was a squire (paddhagu) of Anga. Thag.v.632.
2. Anga. King - Chief lay supporter of Sumana Buddha (BuA.130); the Buddhavamsa mentions Varuna and Sarana as Sumanas aggupatthaka and Udena as upatthaka. Bu.v.28.
3. Anga - A king of Benares on whose feet hair grew. He inquired of the brahmins the way to heaven, and was told to retire to the forest and tend the sacred fire. He went to Himava with many cows and women and did as he was counselled. The milk and ghee left over from his sacrifices were thrown away,(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Aṅga (अङ्ग, “member”).—The earliest texts mention a classification of the scriptures into members or aṅgas. These aṅgas are not literary genres but simply composition types in respect to form (e.g., prose or verse) or content (e.g., sermons, predictions, stories, conversations, commentaries, etc).
The major drawback of this classification is that, far from being mutually exclusive, the aṅgas overlap one another. Thus a sūtra is also a geya if it contains verse, a gāthā if it is expressed in stanzas, an udāna if it includes exclamations, an ityuktaka if it begins or ends with certain stereotyped formulas, a jātaka if it tells about previous lifetimes, a vyākaraṇa if it contains explanations or predictions, etc.(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
The 12 Āgamas compiled in the Dvādasāṅgi are known as Aṅga literature. The word Aṅga is common to both Sanskrit as well as Prakrit. In the Vedic literature the supplementary literature for study of Vedas is termed as Vedāṅga. They are 6 as follows:
- Sikṣā (the science of proper articulation and pronunciation).
- Kalpa (the systematic work that lays down the rituals and prescribes rules for ceremonial and sacrificial acts)
- Vyākarṇa (grammar)
- Nirukta (etymological meaning of verses)
- Chaṅda (the science of prosody)
- Jyotiṣa (the work of astronomy for determining auspicious time for yajñas)
Veda-Puruṣa is the personification of Vaidika literature.The six Aṅga, as above, have been termed as the limbs of the veda-puruṣa. The word Aṅga has also been used in Pālῑ literature — The preachings by Buddha have been called Navāṅga and Dvādasāṅga at different places.
As said earlier, the word Aṅga has been used in all the three main streams of Indian Philosophy. In the Vaidika and Bauddha literature, the main treatises are 'Veda' and 'Pitaka'. The word Aṅga is not associated with them. In the Jaina literature, the main works are catagorized as 'Gaṇipiṭaka' which has been associated with the Aṅga e.g. Gaṇipiṭaka has 12 Aṅgas (Dvādasāṅgi Gaṇipiṭaka).(Source): HereNow4U: Acharanga Bhasyam
Aṅga (अङ्ग) refers to a set of “requirements” for attaining the right faith.—Of the three jewels, right belief comes first and forms the basis upon which the other two rest. One must, by all possible means, first attain right belief or the basic conviction on the fundamentals because only on its acquisition, knowledge and conduct becomes right. Such right faith should have eight requirements or aṅga and should be free from the three types of superstitious ignorance and the eight kinds of pride.
The eight aṅgas or pillars which support the right belief are:
- niḥśaṅkitā: Freedom from doubt.
- niṣkāṅkṣitā: Freedom from desire for worldly comforts.
- nirvicikitsā: Freedom from aversion towards or regard for the body.
- amūḍhadṣṭṣṭi: Freedom from inclination for the wrong path.
- upagūhaṇa: Redeeming the defects of ineffective beliefs.
- stithikaraṇa: Sustaining souls in right convictions.
- vātsalya: Affection towards spiritual breathren.
- prabhāvanā: Spreading/advertising the greatness of Jain doctrines.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
aṅga : (nt.) 1. a constituent part; 2. a limb; 3. quality.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Aṅga, (nt.) (Vedic aṅga, anc cp. Lat. angulus = angle, corner etc., ungulus finger-ring = Sk. aṅgulīya. See also aṅka, aṅguṭṭha & aṅgula) (1) (lit.) a constituent part of the body, a limb, member; also of objects: part, member (see cpd. °sambhāra); uttam°aṅga the reproductive organ J.V, 197; also as “head” at ThA.209. Usually in cpds. (see below, esp. °paccaṅga), as sabbaṅga-kalyāṇī perfect in all limbs Pv.III, 35 (= sobhaṇa-sabbaṅga-paccaṅgī PvA.189) and in redupln. aṅga-m-aṅgāni limb by limb, with all limbs (see also below aṅga + paccaṅga) Vin.III, 119; Vv 382 (°ehi naccamāna); Pv.II, 1210, 13, 18 (sunakho te khādati). — (2) (fig.) a constituent part of a whole or system or collection, e. g. uposath° the vows of the fast J.I, 50; bhavaṅga the constituents or the condition of becoming (see bhava & cp. Cpd. 265 sq.); bojjhaṅga (q. v.). Esp. with numerals: cattāri aṅgāni 4 constituents A.II, 79 (viz. sīla, samādhi, paññā. vimutti and rūpa, vedanā, saññā, bhava), aṭṭhaṅgika (q. v.) magga the Path with its eight constituents or the eightfold Path (KhA 85: aṭṭh’aṅgāni assā ti) navaṅga Buddha-sāsana see nava. — (3) a constituent part as characteristic, prominent or distinguishing, a mark, attribute, sign, quality D.I, 113 sq., 117 (iminā p° aṅgena by this quality, or: in this respect, cp. below 4; DA.I, 281 expls tena kāra‹-› ṇena). In a special sense striking (abnormal) sign or mark on the body D.I, 9, from which a prophesy is made (: hattha-pādādisu yena kenaci evarūpena aṅgena samannāgato dīghāyu . . hotī ti . . aṅgasatthan = chiromantics DA.I, 92). Thus in combn. with samannāgata & sampanna always meaning endowed with “good”, superior, remarkable “qualities”, e. g. J.I, 3 (sabbaṅga-sampanna nagaraṃ a city possessing all marks of perfection); II, 207. ‹-› In enumn. with var. numerals: tīhi aṅgehi s. A.I, 115; cattāri sotapannassa a- D.III, 227 = A.IV, 405 sq.; pañcaṅga-vippahīno (i. e. giving up the 5 hindrances, see nīvaraṇa) and pañcaṅga-samannāgato (i. e. endowed with the 5 good qualities, viz. the sīla-kkhandha, see kkhandha II.A d) S.I, 99 = A.I, 161; V, 15, 29. Similarly the 5 attributes of a brahmin (viz. sujāta of pure birth, ajjhāyaka a student of the Vedas, abhirūpa handsome, sīlava of good conduct, paṇḍita clever) D.I, 119, 120. Eight qualities of a king D.I, 137. Ten qualities of an Arahant (cp. dasa1 B 2) S.III, 83; Kh IV.10 = KhA 88; cp. M.I, 446 (dasah’aṅgehi samannāgato rañño assājāniyo). — (4) (modally) part, share, interest, concern; ajjhattikaṃ aṅgaṃ my own part or interest (opp. bāhiraṃ the interest in the outside world). A.I, 16 sq. = S.V, 101 sq.; It.9. rañño aṅgaṃ an asset or profit for the king M.I, 446. Thus adv. tadaṅga (see also ta° I.a) as a matter of fact, in this respect, for sure, certainly and tadaṅgena by these means, through this, therefore M.I, 492; A.IV, 411; Sdhp.455, 456; iminā p° aṅgena for that reason M.II, 168. — In compn. with verbs aṅgi° (aṅgī°): angigata having limbs or ports, divided DA.I, 313; cp. samaṅgi (-bhūta).
—jāta “the distinguishing member”, i. e. sign of male or female (see above 3); membrum virile and muliebre Vin.I, 191 (of cows); III, 20, 37, 205; J.II, 359; Miln.124. —paccaṅga one limb or the other, limbs great and small M.I, 81; J VI—20, used (a) collectively: the condition of perfect limbs, or adj. with perfect limbs, having all limbs Pv.II, 1212 (= paripuṇṇa-sabbaṅga-paccaṅgavatī PvA.158); SnA 383; DhA.I, 390; ThA.288; Sdhp.83 fig. rathassa aṅgapaccaṅgan M.I, 395; sabbaṅga-paccaṅgāni all limbs Miln.148. — (b) distributively (cp. similar redupl. formations like chiddâvachidda, seṭṭhânu-seṭṭhi, khaṇḍākhaṇḍa, cuṇṇavicuṇṇa) limb after limb, one limb after the other (like aṅgamaṅgāni above 1), piecemeal M.I, 133 (°e daseyya), 366; J.I, 20; IV, 324 (chinditvā). —paccaṅgatā the condition or state of perfect limbs, i. e. a perfect body VvA.134 (suvisuddh°). —paccaṅgin having all limbs (perfect) D.I, 34 (sabbaṅga-peccaṅgī); PvA.189. —rāga painting or rouging the body Vin.II, 107 (+ mukha°). —laṭṭhi sprout, offshoot ThA.226. —vāta gout Vin.I, 205. —vijjā the art of prognosticating from marks on the body, chiromantics, palmistry etc. (cp. above 3) D.I, 9 (see expl. at DA.I, 93); J.I, 290 (°āya cheka clever in fortune-telling); °ânubhāva the power of knowing the art of signs on the body J.II, 200; V, 284; °pāṭhaka one who in versed in palmistry etc. J.II, 21, 250; V, 458. —vekalla bodily deformity DhA.II, 26. —sattha the science of prognosticating from certain bodily marks DA.I, 92. —sambhāra the combination of parts Miln.28 = S.I, 135; Miln.41. —hetuka a species of wild birds, living in forests J.VI, 538. (Page 6)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
aṅga (अंग).—n (S) The body. 2 A limb; a member; an organ. 3 Side, quarter, direction. 4 A division or branch of learning, comprehending such science as is considered dependent upon the Vedas; hence, also called Vedanga. 5 Concern in; part in action; a hand in. Ex. tyā masalatīnta rāmājīpantācēṃ aṅga āhēsēṃ disatēṃ. 6 Collusion; clandestine support. Ex. hā gharōghara cōrī karīta phiratō hyālā kōtavālācēṃ aṅga āhē. 7 Person or body; considered as the seat of agency or subject of demerit on occasion of any evil deed. Ex. hī cōrī jyācē aṅgīṃ lāvalī tyāsa mī śāsana lāvīna; hā dōṣa mājhyā aṅgīṃ nāhīṃ. 8 A minor or subordinate part or portion (as of an article or a business). Ex. vivāhāmadhyēṃ hōma pradhāna avaśiṣṭa karmēṃ aṅgēṃ. 9 A face or a side. Ex. pāgōṭēṃ puḍhalyā aṅgēṃ mātra cāṅgalēṃ disatēṃ. 10 The portion of intestine which descends in procidentia ani: also the placenta descending after parturition. 11 Ability, capacity, competency, or talent (for any particular work). 12 One on one's side (in high places); an espouser of one's cause; an advocate. Ex. darabārānta aṅga asalyāvāñcūna kārya siddhīsa jāta nāhīṃ. 13 Any point of the ecliptic on or incidental upon the eastern horizon. Opp. to astalagna. aṅga ōḍhaviṇēṃ To bring one's self forward (into, upon, at, unto). Ex. āpulēñci aṅga tumhī vōḍāvilēṃ (i.e. ōḍhāvilēṃ) || tyācēṃ nivārilēṃ mahā duḥkha || aṅga kāḍhaṇēṃ or kāḍhūna ghēṇēṃ To withdraw one's self (as from a fight or troublesome business). aṅga ghālaṇē To throw one's self into (to succour, take part &c.) aṅga cōraṇēṃ or jōgāviṇēṃ To spare or reserve one's strength; to dawdle or idle at work. aṅga jhāṅkaṇēṃ or lapaviṇēṃ To conceal one's own part (in a business). aṅga jhāḍaṇēṃ To decline or disallow vehemently, emphatically, outright, smack, flat. aṅga ṭākaṇēṃ To lose flesh; to get out of condition. 2 To fling one's self violently down: also to lie down rudely and carelessly. aṅga darśaviṇēṃ To show or intimate one's part or interest (in a matter). aṅga dākhaviṇēṃ To display one's self to advantage in a business; to show off or cut a dash. aṅga dēṇēṃ To help or aid; to lend a hand to. aṅga dharaṇēṃ g. of s. To be seized with rheumatic affection. aṅga dharaṇēṃ or ghēṇēṃ To get flesh; to become fat or plump. aṅga maraṇēṃ g. of s. To have paralysis (of the body or a limb). aṅga māraṇēṃ or cōraṇēṃ To contract one's self; to gather up into narrow compass; to draw up or in. aṅga muraḍaṇēṃ To turn and throw one's self about haughtily or foppishly; to swell and swagger. aṅga mōḍūna-kāma karaṇēṃ-khapaṇēṃ- śrama karaṇēṃ &c. To exert one's self strenuously; to perform, labor, work, do with might and main, without sparing the body; to spend one's self in, at, about. aṅga mōḍūna yēṇēṃ g. of s. To have the aching monitory of fever. aṅga rākhaṇēṃ or vāñcaviṇēṃ To spare one's self; to work with reservation of strength. aṅga sāvaraṇēṃ To regain one's balance; to recover one's self. aṅgākhālīṃ ghālaṇēṃ To maintain for one's own use or enjoyment. aṅgākhālīṃ- paḍaṇēṃ To come under the practice or performance of. aṅgācā aṅkaḍā hōṇēṃ g. of s. To be affected with spasms or with cramp. aṅgācā āḷāpiḷā karaṇēṃ To writhe and wriggle. 2 To make strenuous effort or exertion. aṅgācā khurdā hōṇēṃ (śramānēṃ &c.) To suffer prostration of strength; to feel broken in pieces. aṅgācā hurapaḷā Burning or fierce glow of body (as under fever or passion). aṅgācī caughaḍī karaṇēṃ To bend one's body fourfold. A practice or feat of tumblers. aṅgācī lāhī karaṇēṃ To rouse into a passion; to infuriate or enrage. 2 To affect with great heat; to scorch, broil, parch--the sun or weather. Also aṅgācī lāhī hōṇēṃ g. of s. To be roused; to be affected &c. aṅgācī lāhakī or aṅgācī hōḷī hōṇēṃ g. of s. To be under intense burning or glowing (as of fever or rage). aṅgācēṃ āntharūṇa karaṇēṃ To give up all care and regard for self, and to expose one's self to all roughness and hardness in the service of; to lay one's self out to serve. Ex. tyācēṃ lagna vhāvēṃ mhaṇūna myāṃ aṅgācēṃ āntharūṇa kēlēṃ tarī tyānēṃ kāṃhīṃ upakāra mānilā nāhīṃ. aṅgācēṃ āntharūṇa hōṇēṃ (jvarāmuḷēṃ &c.) To be reduced to prostration of strength; to lie spread out in utter helplessness. aṅgācēṃ kātaḍēṃ kāḍhūna jōḍā śivaṇēṃ To show the deepest feeling of gratitude, affection, or regard for. aṅgācē cakadē kāḍhaṇēṃ (To draw off the flesh in pieces.) To beat soundly. aṅgācē tīḷapāpaḍa hōṇēṃ g. of s. To be furious with passion. aṅgācē dhuḍakē uḍaviṇēṃ g. of o. To beat to a mummy (lit. to reduce to shreds and tatters). aṅgācēṃ pāṇī karaṇēṃ or hōṇēṃ To turn one's flesh into water; i.e. to undergo great labor or suffering. aṅgānirāḷā or aṅgābāhēra ṭākaṇēṃ-jhōkaṇēṃ-sōḍaṇēṃ-jhiḍakāviṇēṃ To put off from one's self (a business, concern, interest, responsibility &c.); to cast aside (the regard or consideration of). aṅgānēṃ; aṅgīṃ, aṅgēṃ In person; in propriâ personâ. Pr. aṅgēṃ kēlēṃ tēṃ kāma padarīṃ asēla tō dāma. 2 From the person of or on the part of; noting mission or representation. aṅgāpēkṣāṃ bōṅgā mōṭhā (The waist protuberance of the dhōtara, lugaḍēṃ &c. is bigger than the body.) Used where demonstrations or pretensions exceed the virtue, worth, or solid excellence. aṅgābarōbara hōṇēṃ or aṅgānta basaṇēṃ To sit well on the body, to fit--a garment. aṅgāvara kōsaḷaṇēṃ or kōsaḷūna paḍaṇēṃ To fall bodily upon with angry violence. Ex. tōṃ māruti aṅgāvari kōsaḷalā|| Also aṅgāvara ōghaḷaṇēṃ. aṅgāvara ghēūna Espousingly, adoptingly, favoringly; as manifesting that we regard as our own. v. kara, bōla, sāṅga, pusa, vicāra. aṅgāvara ghēṇēṃ To put to the breast; to give the breast to (a child). 2 To take upon one's self the performance, charge, or responsibility of. 3 To espouse or avow as one's own; to exhibit warm affection or regard for. aṅgāvara tuṭaṇēṃ or tuṭūna paḍaṇēṃ or aṅgāvara yēṇēṃ To rush upon or address with vehemence and fury. aṅgāvara (dēṇēṃ-bāndhaṇēṃ-bharaṇēṃ-pōsaṇēṃ-karaṇēṃ &c.) To (give, build, furnish, support, act in general) upon one's own means or stock or responsibility. aṅgāvara paḍaṇēṃ, aṅgāvara yēṇēṃ To be left on one's hands; to lie as an encumbrance or cause of expense--articles purchased under hope of profitable sale: also to fall upon as demanding to be fulfilled, supplied, or made good--some failure, damage, loss. 2 To devolve upon; to become incumbent upon one to perform--a business or work. 3 To attack with violence or angry demonstrations. aṅgā- vara śēkaṇēṃ To sustain a loss; to burn one's fingers. The subject of the verb is ordinarily rupayē-vyāpāra -vyavahāra-uddīma-āḷa-kubhāṇḍa &c. aṅgāvaracā (mulagā &c.) tōḍaṇēṃ To wean (a sucking child). aṅgāvaracā (mulagā-mulagī &c.) A child on the breast; a child yet unweaned. aṅgāvarūna vārā jāṇēṃ (The wind to pass over the body.) To suffer a paralytic stroke. aṅgāsa kuṃyalā or kuyalē lāgaṇēṃ g. of s. To be highly exasperated: also to be wrought up with envy aṅgāsa yēṇēṃ or aṅgīṃ yēṇēṃ To prove a losing concern; to affect one's capital or original stock--a mercantile adventure &c. 2 To enter into possession of--a devil. aṅgāsa yēṇēṃ or hōṇēṃ To fit--a garment. aṅgāsa lāgaṇēṃ or aṅgīṃ lāgaṇēṃ To prove nourishing unto; to bring flesh upon one's bones. 2 To be brought home to; to be proved upon--a crime. 3 To fall upon to be sustained by--a loss or damage. aṅgāsa lāvaṇēṃ To bring home unto; to prove upon (a crime). aṅgīṃ asaṇēṃ g. of s. To belong to; to be in one as the subject of. Ex. hā dōṣa mājhyā aṅgīṃ nāhīṃ. aṅgīṃ āṇaṇēṃ To take upon one's self; to assume the doing or charge of. aṅgīñcī sāvalī karaṇēṃ To afford or present the shelter of one's own body or person. Ex. āpuliyē aṅgīñcī sāvalī|| ahōrātra karōni tayā rakṣī|| aṅgīṃ jiraṇēṃ To become habitual unto--some vice or ill trick. aṅgīṃ tāṭhā bharaṇēṃ To be filled with haughtiness or highmindedness. Ex. aṅgīṃ bharalāsē tāṭhā|| vaḷaṇīṃ na yē jaisā khuṇṭā|| aṅgīṃ tuṭaṇēṃ To fall off in flesh; to get out of condition. aṅgīṃ nasaṇēṃ To be without experience or personal knowledge of. aṅgīṃ phuṭaṇēṃ To increase in bulk; to get plump; to fill out. aṅgīṃ basaṇēṃ To get familiar and facile unto. aṅgīṃ bhinaṇēṃ To become habitual, familiar, or natural unto. aṅgīṃ (mājhyā &c.) kā māśā mēlyā āhēta? What (am I &c.) idle or indolent? i.e. Am I employed only in killing flies aṅgīṃ or aṅgīṃ- māśīṃ bharaṇēṃ To fill out in body and flesh; to grow plump or become fat and sleek. aṅgīṃ miracyā lāgaṇēṃ or jhōmbaṇēṃ To be roused into sudden fury. aṅgīṃ muraṇēṃ To be absorbed; to hold deeply in and not form fully--the small pox, measles &c. 2 To take fast hold; to become deepseated or internal--fever &c. āpalyā aṅgānēṃ-aṅgīṃ-aṅgēṃ In, by, or through one's own person. āpalyā aṅgīṃ biṛhāḍa dēṇēṃ or karaṇēṃ To lodge or entertain in one's heart or soul; to harbour or cherish (esp. some sin or vice). ālī aṅgāvara tara ghētalī śiṅgā- vara Used where a thing is taken or an act performed, not of fixed desire or purpose, but because it is come in the way. ēkā aṅgāvara asaṇēṃ or hōṇēṃ To lie on one side.
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āṅga (आंग).—n The body. See aṅga. Also for the numerous compounds and derivatives of this word see in order under aṅga. A few, of which the composition or derivation is less obvious, or which are purely or particularly Konkan̤i, follow in order here. Although all the compounds with aṅga may be found, both orally and in writing, as āṅga, yet only Prakrit compounds or derivatives in the form āṅga (e. g. āṅgaṭhā, āṅgaṭhī, āṅgaḍī, āṅgadhāra, āṅgarakhā, āṅgavaṇa, āṅgī) are correct:--Sanskrit compounds thus sounded or spelled being earnestly to be condemned and rejected.
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āṅga (आंग).—a S Relating to the body, corporeal.
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aṅga (अंग).—. Add:--14 In certain applications, as ughaḍyā aṅgānēṃ (phiraṇēṃ -basaṇēṃ -asaṇēṃ), jhāṅkalyā aṅgānē, aṅga ughaḍēṃ paḍalēṃ or ṭākalēṃ, aṅga jhāṅkalēṃ &c., aṅga bears the implied sense of Pudenda (vel muliebria vel virilia) or Bodily parts required by pudor to be covered. In this special implication aṅga is followed by one, but by one only of its synonymes, viz. kāyā (not by dēha, śarīra, tanū &c.) See under kāyā the phrases kāyā dākhaviṇēṃ & kāyā jhāṅkaṇēṃ.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
aṅga (अंग).—n Body. Limb. Side. Concern in. Ability. Support. aṅga asaṇēṃ To have a hand in. aṅga kāḍhaṇēṃ Withdraw one's self from. aṅga jhāḍaṇēṃ Decline or disal- low vehemently. aṅga ṭākaṇēṃ Lose flesh; lie down carelessly. aṅga dharaṇēṃ Be seiz- ed with rheumatic affection; gain flesh. aṅga māraṇēṃ-cōraṇēṃ Contract one's self, evade. aṅga mōḍūna kāma karaṇēṃ To be unstint- ed in effort or work strenuously. aṅga mōḍūna yēṇēṃ Have the aching premonitory symptoms of fever. aṅgavaḷaṇīṃ paḍaṇēṃ Get accustomed to. aṅgākhālīṃ ghālaṇēṃ Maintain for one's own use. aṅgācā tiḷapāpaḍa hōṇēṃ Be furious with passion. aṅgābāhēra ṭākaṇēṃ Put off from one's self. aṅgāvara tuṭaṇēṃ-yēṇēṃ Rush upon with fury. aṅgāvara paḍaṇēṃ-yēṇēṃ Be left on one's hand. aṅgīmmāśīṃ bharaṇēṃ Become fat and sleek.
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āṅga (आंग).—n The body; see aṅga. a Corporeal.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Aṅga (अङ्ग).—ind. A vocative particle meaning 'well', 'well, sir', 'indeed', 'true'; 'assent' (as in aṅgīkṛ); अङ्ग कच्चित्कु- शली तातः (aṅga kaccitku- śalī tātaḥ) K.221; प्रभुरपि जनकानामङ्ग भो याचकस्ते (prabhurapi janakānāmaṅga bho yācakaste) Mv.3.5; अङ्ग अस्ति कश्चिद्विमर्दको नामात्रभवतः (aṅga asti kaścidvimardako nāmātrabhavataḥ) Dk.59; अङ्ग कुरु, अङ्ग पच (aṅga kuru, aṅga paca) P. VIII.1.33.Sk; अङ्गाधीष्व भक्तं तव दास्यामि (aṅgādhīṣva bhaktaṃ tava dāsyāmi) P.VIII.2.96 Sk; समनद्ध किमङ्ग भूपतिः (samanaddha kimaṅga bhūpatiḥ) Śi.16.34,2.12; यदि मनसि शमः किमङ्गचापम् (yadi manasi śamaḥ kimaṅgacāpam) Ki 1.55,13.65; used with किम् (kim) in the sense of 'how much less', or 'how much more;' शक्तिरस्ति कस्यचिद्विदेहराजस्य छायामप्यवस्कन्दितुं किमङ्ग जामातरम् (śaktirasti kasyacidvideharājasya chāyāmapyavaskandituṃ kimaṅga jāmātaram) Mv.3; तृणेन कार्यं भवतश्विराणां किमङ्ग वाग्हस्तवता नरेण (tṛṇena kāryaṃ bhavataśvirāṇāṃ kimaṅga vāghastavatā nareṇa) Pt.1.71. Lexicographers give the following senses of अङ्गः -क्षिप्रे च पुनरर्थे च सङ्गमासूययोस्तथा । हर्षे संबोधने चैव ह्यङ्गशब्दः प्रयुज्यते (aṅgaḥ -kṣipre ca punararthe ca saṅgamāsūyayostathā | harṣe saṃbodhane caiva hyaṅgaśabdaḥ prayujyate) ||
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Aṅga (अङ्ग).—[am gatyādau bā° -gan; according to Nir. aṅga, aṅganāt añcanāt vā]
1) The body.
2) A limb or member of the body; शेषाङ्गनिर्माणविधौ विधातुः (śeṣāṅganirmāṇavidhau vidhātuḥ) Ku.1.33; क्लेशस्याङ्गमदत्वा (kleśasyāṅgamadatvā) Pt.5. 32 without undergoing troubles; इति स्वप्नोपमान्मत्वा कामान्मा गास्तदङ्गताम् (iti svapnopamānmatvā kāmānmā gāstadaṅgatām) | Ki.11.34 do not be influenced or swayed by them (do not be subject to them)
3) (a.) A division or department (of anything), a part or portion, as of a whole; as सप्ताङ्गम् राज्यम्, चतुरङ्गम् बलम्, चतुःषष्ट्ष्ट्यङ्गम् ज्योतिः- शास्त्रम् (saptāṅgam rājyam, caturaṅgam balam, catuḥṣaṣṭṣṭyaṅgam jyotiḥ- śāstram) see the words; गीताङ्गानाम् (gītāṅgānām) Pt.5.56; यज्ञश्चेत्प्रतिरुद्धःस्या- देकेनाङ्गेन यज्वनः (yajñaścetpratiruddhaḥsyā- dekenāṅgena yajvanaḥ) Ms.11.11. (Hence) (b.) A supplementary or auxiliary portion, supplement; षडङ्ग (ṣaḍaṅga) or साङ्ग वेदः (sāṅga vedaḥ) A peculiar use of the word अङ्ग (aṅga) in masculine gender may here be noted वेदांश्चैव तु वेदाङ्गान् वेदान्तानि तथा स्मृतीः । अधीत्य ब्राह्मणः पूर्वं शक्तितोऽन्यांश्च संपठेत् (vedāṃścaiva tu vedāṅgān vedāntāni tathā smṛtīḥ | adhītya brāhmaṇaḥ pūrvaṃ śaktito'nyāṃśca saṃpaṭhet) Bṛhadyogiyājñavalkya Smṛti 12.34. (c.) A constituent part, essential requisite or component; सर्वैर्बलाङ्गैः (sarvairbalāṅgaiḥ) R.7.59; तदङ्गमग्र्यं मघवन् महाक्रतो (tadaṅgamagryaṃ maghavan mahākrato) R.3.46. (d.) An attributive or secondary part; secondary, auxiliary or dependent member (serving to help the principal one) (opp. pradhāna or aṅgin); अङ्गी रौद्र- रसस्तत्र सर्वेऽङ्गानि रसाः पुनः (aṅgī raudra- rasastatra sarve'ṅgāni rasāḥ punaḥ) S. D.517; अत्र स्वभावोक्तिरुत्प्रेक्षाङ्गम् (atra svabhāvoktirutprekṣāṅgam) Malli. on Ki 8.26. (e.) An auxiliary means or expedient (pradhānopayogī upāyaḥ or upakaraṇam); सर्वकार्यशरीरेषु मुक्त्वा- ङ्गस्कन्धपञ्चकम् । मन्त्रो योध इवाधीर सर्वाङ्गैः संवृतैरपि (sarvakāryaśarīreṣu muktvā- ṅgaskandhapañcakam | mantro yodha ivādhīra sarvāṅgaiḥ saṃvṛtairapi) || Śi.2.28-29; See अङ्गाङ्गि, पञ्चाङ्ग (aṅgāṅgi, pañcāṅga) also (the angas of the several sciences or departments of knowledge will be given under those words).
4) (Gram.) A name for the base of a word; यस्मात्प्रत्ययविधिस्तदादिप्रत्यये अङ्गम् (yasmātpratyayavidhistadādipratyaye aṅgam) P.I.4.13; यः प्रत्ययो यस्मात्क्रियते तदादिशब्दस्वरूपं तस्मिन्प्रत्यये परे अङ्गसंज्ञं स्यात् (yaḥ pratyayo yasmātkriyate tadādiśabdasvarūpaṃ tasminpratyaye pare aṅgasaṃjñaṃ syāt) Sk. The अङ्ग (aṅga) terminations are those of the nominative, and accusative singular and dual.
5) (Drama) (a.) One of the sub-divisions of the five joints or sandhis in dramas; the मुख (mukha) has 12, प्रतिमुख (pratimukha) 13, गर्भ (garbha) 12, विमर्ष (vimarṣa) 13 and उपसंहार (upasaṃhāra) 14, the total number of the angas being thus 64; for details see the words. (b.) The whole body of subordinate characters.
6) (astr.) A name for the position of stars (lagna), See अङ्गाधीश (aṅgādhīśa).
7) A symbolical expression for the number six (derived from the six Vedāngas).
8) The mind; हिरण्यगर्भाङ्गभुवं मुनिं हरिः (hiraṇyagarbhāṅgabhuvaṃ muniṃ hariḥ) Śi.1.1, See अङ्गज (aṅgaja) also.
9) Name of the chief sacred texts of the jainas.
-ṅgaḥ (pl.) Name of a country and the people inhabiting it, the country about the modern Bhāgalpur in Bengal. [It lay on the south of Kauśikī Kachchha and on the right bank of the Ganges. Its capital was Champā, sometimes called Aṅgapurī Lomapādapurī, Karṇapurī or Mālinī. According to Daṇḍin (aṅgeṣu gaṅgātaṭe bahiścampāyāḥ) and Hiouen Thsang it stood on the Ganges about 24 miles west of a rocky island. General Cunningham has shown that this description applies to the hill opposite Pātharghāṭā, that it is 24 miles east of Bhāgalpur, and that there are villages called Champanagar and Champapura adjoininng the last. According to Sanskrit poets the country of the Aṅgas lay to the east of Girivraja, the capital of Magadha and to the northeast or south-east of Mithilā. The country was in ancient times ruled by Karṇa] cf. अङ्गं गात्रा- न्तिकोपाय प्रतीकेष्वप्रधानके । देशभेदे तु पुंसि स्यात् (aṅgaṃ gātrā- ntikopāya pratīkeṣvapradhānake | deśabhede tu puṃsi syāt)... ()|| Nm. -a.
2) Having members or divisions.
Derivable forms: aṅgam (अङ्गम्).
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Āṅga (आङ्ग).—a. (-gī f.) [अङ्ग-स्वार्थे-अण् (aṅga-svārthe-aṇ)]
1) Bodily, corporeal.
2) (In gram.) Relating to the base (aṅga).
3) Having limbs or parts.
4) Relating to the minor personages in a drama.
5) Belonging to a portion of the Vedas.
6) Produced or born in the country of the Aṅgas.
-gaḥ A prince of the Aṅga country.
-gam A delicate body.(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 764 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग).—General Information. A King of the Ikṣvāku dynasty, known by the name Dil...
Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग) refers to a category of Apaurūṣeya texts, or “disciplines dealing with knowle...
Upāṅga (उपाङ्ग).—A mark of sandal on the forehead.-gam 1 A subdivision, a sub-head. Mb.1.1.382)...
Pañcāṅga (पञ्चाङ्ग) refers to the “five dharma practices” for obtaining the first dhyāna accord...
Lohitāṅga (लोहिताङ्ग).—1) the काम्पिल्ल (kāmpilla) tree. 2) the planet Mars; ब्रह्मराशिं समावृत...
Vāraṅga (वारङ्ग).—[vṝ-aṅgac ṇit Uṇ.1.114]1) The handle of a sword, knife &c.2) The narrow end t...
Bahiraṅga (बहिरङ्ग).—a. outer, external. (-gam) 1 an external part. 2) an outer limb. 3) proper...
Caturaṅga (चतुरङ्ग).—a. having 4 members, quadripartite. (-ṅm) 1 a complete army consisting of ...
Aṅgaja (अङ्गज).—a. [aṅgāt jāyate jan-ḍa] 1) produced from or on the body, being in or on the bo...
Aṣṭāṅga (अष्टाङ्ग).—The name of a book on medical science.** Matsya-purāṇa 215. 34.
Nāraṅga (नारङ्ग).—1) The orange tree.2) A lecher, libertine.3) A living being.4) A twin.-ṅgam, ...
Kālāṅga (कालाङ्ग) or Kālāṅgatantra refers to one of the twenty-eight Gāruḍatantras, belonging t...
Aṅgagraha (अङ्गग्रह).—spasm; seizure of the body with some illness. Derivable forms: aṅgagrahaḥ...
Raktāṅga (रक्ताङ्ग).—A nāga born in Dhṛtarāṣṭra’s dynasty. It was burnt to death at the yajña o...
Nyūnāṅga (न्यूनाङ्ग).—a. maimed, mutilated. Nyūnāṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the t...
Search found 65 books and stories containing Anga or Aṅga. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Chapter XIII - Posterity of Dhruva < [Book I]
The Mahabharata - First Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section CXXXIX < [Sambhava Parva]
Section CIV < [Sambhava Parva]
Section CXXXVIII < [Sambhava Parva]
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 13 - Description of the Descendants of Dhruva Maharaja < [Canto IV - The Creation of the Fourth Order]
Chapter 23 - The Dynasties of the Sons of Yayati < [Canto IX - Liberation]
Chapter 14 - The Story of King Vena < [Canto IV - The Creation of the Fourth Order]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)