Nila, Nīlā, Nīḷa, Nīla: 43 definitions
Nila means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Nīḷa can be transliterated into English as Nila or Nilia, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Neel.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Nīla (नील):—Son of Ajamīḍha (one of the three sons of Hastī) and his wife Nalinī. He had a son named Śānti. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.30)Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
1) Nīla (नील).—One of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. Jambūdvīpa is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu.
2) Nīla (नील) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Mahābhadra and mount Supārśva, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Supārśva mountain lies on the western side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu.
3) Nīla (नील).—One of the five mountains situated near Bhadrāśva, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 82.
Svāyambhuva Manu was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna
Nīla (नील), an ancestor of Pṛṣata was a king of Pañcāla. He was killed by king Kṛta, who was a compiler of the twenty-four Sāma-Saṃhitās.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Nīla (नील).—A prominent nāga born to Kaśyapa Prajāpati of Kadrū. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 35, Verse 7). (See full article at Story of Nīla from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Nīla (नील).—General. A King born in the Hehaya dynasty. His was a rebirth of the asura called Krodhavaśa. Nīla was called Duryodhana also. Māhiṣmatī was the capital of his kingdom. He attended the Svayaṃvara of Draupadī. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 61). Other Information
2) (i) Once he fought a fierce battle with Sahadeva, but ultimately yielded to the latter at the instance of Agnideva. (See under Agni, Para 8).
2) (ii) He gave his daughter Sudarśanā in marriage to Agnideva. (See under Agni, Para 8).
2) (iii) During his triumphal tour, Karṇa defeated Nīla. (Vana Parva, Chapter 254, Verse 15).
2) (iv) In the battle of Kurukṣetra he fought on the side of the Kauravas. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 19, Verse 23).
2) (v) He was reckoned as one of the mahārathis on the side of Duryodhana. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 164, Verse 4).
2) (vi) Sudarśanā was a daughter born to him of his wife Narmadā. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 2).
3) Nīla (नील).—A monkey-chief, who was a dependant of Śrī Rāma. He was Agni’s son. 'Nīla, son of Pāvaka (fire) shone forth like agni (fire). He stood foremost among the monkeys in the matter of effulgence, reputation and prowess'. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Bālakāṇḍa, Canto 17).
This monkey-chief was also included in the set of monkeys deputed by Śrī Rāma to search for Sītā. In the Rāma-Rāvaṇa war Nīla killed Pramāthī, the younger brother of the Rākṣasa called Dūṣaṇa. (Vana Parva, Chapter 287, Verse 27).
4) Nīla (नील).—A warrior who fought on the Pāṇḍava side. He was king of Anūpadeśa. He fought against Durjaya and Aśvatthāmā and was killed by Aśvatthāmā. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 31, Verse 25).
5) Nīla (नील).—A famous king in nothern Pāñcāla. The Purāṇas refer to sixteen famous kings of this royal dynasty from Nīla to Pṛṣata.
6) Nīlā (नीला).—A daughter born to Kapiśa of Keśinī. (Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, Chapter 3).
7) Nīlā (नीला).—A Gopikā. Śrī Kṛṣṇa was one day picnicking in Vṛndāvana with the Gopī women, and they were proud that he was mad after them. To dispel their pride Kṛṣṇa disappeared abruptly from their midst and sported with the woman called Nīlā. Then she also became proud that Kṛṣṇa loved her more than the others, and she asked him to carry her on his shoulders. He stood there ready stretching his neck to carry her. But, when she stood with her legs parted to mount on Kṛṣṇa’s neck and looked for him he was missing; he had already disappeared. The Gopikās ultimately shed their pride and then Kṛṣṇa appeared before them. (Ceruśśeri’s Malayālam Epic Kṛṣṇa Gāthā).Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
Nīla (नील) is the name of a Nāga and narrator of the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—The very name “Nīlamata” i.e. Teachings of Nīla is associated with a Nāga named Nīla through whose mouth is related more than two-thirds of the whole Nīlamata-purāṇa.
The Nāga king Nīla was very considerate towards the Mānavas who had come from different parts of the country to inhabit the valley of Kaśmīra. He gave a nice welcome to the old Brāhmaṇa Candradeva and took action against the Nāga Ṣaḍaṅgula to please people of Kaśmīra.Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
1) Nīla (नील) is the name of a leader of Gaṇas (Gaṇapa or Gaṇeśvara or Gaṇādhipa) who came to Kailāsa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.20. Accordingly, after Śiva decided to become the friend of Kubera:—“[...] The leaders of Gaṇas revered by the whole world and of high fortune arrived there. [...] Nīla, Deveśa and Pūrṇabhadra each with ninety crores and the strong Caturvaktra with seven crores. [...]”.
These [viz., Nīla] and other leaders of Gaṇas [viz., Gaṇapas] were all powerful (mahābala) and innumerable (asaṃkhyāta). [...] The Gaṇa chiefs and other noble souls of spotless splendour eagerly reached there desirous of seeing Śiva. Reaching the spot they saw Śiva, bowed to and eulogised him.
2) Nīla (नील) is the name of a deity mentioned the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance, obeisance to one who is omni-formed and the plentiful; obeisance to Nīla, Nīlarudra, Kadrudra and Pracetas. Obeisance to the most bounteous lord who is pervaded by rays, who is the greatest, and the destroyer of the enemies of the gods”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Nīla (नील).—A mountain range in Bhāratavarṣa and to the north of Ilāvṛta; formed the boundary limit of Ramyaka;1 one of the six varṣaparvatas in Jambūdvīpa; diamond like;2 residence of the monkey tribes;3 the residence of Brahmaṛṣis.
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 8; 19. 16; Matsya-purāṇa 113. 22; Vāyu-purāṇa 34. 20, 25; 35. 8.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 69; II. 15. 22, 28; 17. 35; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 85; 42. 67; 46. 34.
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 194; IV. 31. 17.
1b) A monkey chief, a friend of Rāma; followed Rāma in the Lankā expedition.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 10. 16, 19.
1c) A Rākṣasa resident in Sutalam.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 22; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 22.
1d) One of the five sons of Yadu.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 2; Matsya-purāṇa 43. 7; Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 2.
- 1) Matsya-purāṇa 49. 78; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 192.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 30; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 1; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 194; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 56-7.
1f) A Bhārgava gotrakara.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 19.
1h) A son of Pāra; father of a hundred sons.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 38-39.
1i) Of Vānarajāti, born of Hari and Pulaha.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 176, 319.
1j) A Parāśara clan.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 95; Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 87.
1k) The kingdom of Ramya.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 50; 15. 33; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 44.
1l) To be uttered in installing an image.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 265. 28.
2a) Nīlā (नीला).—One of the eight nidhis of Kubera.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 41. 10.
2b) A daughter of Keśinī, and a low type of Rākṣasī; gave birth to Kṣudra Rākṣasas called after her the Naila clan.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 7. 147. Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 178, 181.
Nīla (नील) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.35.7, I.59.25, I.65, I.61.56) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Nīla) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā
Nīlā (नीला):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Randhra, the first seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (e.g. Nīlā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Nīla (नील) is the name of a mountain-range situated to the north of Ilāvṛta, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.76. Ilāvṛta is a region (navakhaṇḍa) situated within Jambūdvīpa: one of the seven continents situated within the world of the earth (pṛthivī). These continents are located above the seven pātālas and may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.
According to the Parākhyatantra, “to the north of Ilāvṛta is the mountain-range Nīla, extending from east to west, two thousand yojanas broad, frequented by Siddhas (celestial beings) and Gandharvas. Śani became dark-bodied (sunīlāṅga) there, and so it is known as Nīla”.
The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Nīla (नील) or Nīlāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Kiraṇāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Nīla Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Kiraṇa-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Nīla (नील):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘temple’, according to the Suprabhedāgama, which describes a list of 13 types. This list represents the earliest form of the classification of temples in the South Indian Vāstuśāstra literature. The name is also mentioned in the Īśānaśivagurudevapaddhati which features a list of 52 temple types. This list represents the classification of temples in South-India.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
Nīla (नील).—Nīla, Śveta and Śṛṅgavān are three varṣaparvatas to the north of Jambūdvīpa and they divide the three continents namely Ramyaka, Hiraṇmaya and Uttarakurudeśa respectively.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nīla (नील, “blue”) refers to one of the found original (natural) colors (varṇa), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. From these colors come numerous derivative and minor colors (upavarṇa).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Nīla (नील) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., nīla) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
1) Nīlā (नीला) is another name for Nīlī, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Indigofera tinctoria Linn. (“true indigo”), according to verse 4.80-83 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Nīlā and Nīlī, there are a total of thirty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
2) Nīlā (नीला) also represents a synonym for Nīlabhṛṅgarāja, which is the blue/black variety of Mārkava, a medicinal plant identified with Eclipta nigra, according to verse 4.138-141. Together with the names Nīla and Mārkava, there are a total of twenty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant. Note: R. P. T. claims he himself has seen its miraculous effect in normalising blood pressure and its rejuvenating effect.
3) Nīlā (नीला) is also mentioned as a synonym for Nīlapunarnavā, a medicinal plant identified with Trianthema portulacastrum Linn. or “desert horsepurslane” from the Aizoaceae or “fig-marigold” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.115-122. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Nīlā and Nīlapunarnavā, there are a total of seven Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Nīla (नील):—Blue colour
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Nīla (नील) (or Nīlahrada) is the name of a lake within the Mahocchuṣma forest, according to Tantric texts such as the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “She [i.e., the Goddess—Kubjikā] quickly went (to the place) where the auspicious river Ucchuṣmā (flows). It is in the Mahocchuṣma forest and transports the Divine and Mortal Currents (of the transmission). The goddess, endowed with the attributes of the divine Command, sports there where the lakes Mahocchuṣma and Nīla (are located). [...]”.—(cf. Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā verse 1.36-37, 4.5, 4.26-132)
According to the Śrīmatottara: “[... ] The Supreme Goddess (Parameśvarī) (resides) to the north of lake Nīla within the Mahocchuṣma forest and has authority over the sacred seat of Kāma”.
According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā: “[The Goddess] went all the way to Ucchuṣmā, the big river, which is situated in the forest called Mahocchuṣma, and which bears along its stream the host of gods and mortals. In the forest Mahocchuṣma where one finds the [pools] Nīla and Mahāhrada, there Devī rested in between the left and right eye”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Nīla (नील): Son of Agni; One of the monkey host placed at the gate guarded by Prahasta.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
A friend of Mahinda I. He died early, and Mahinda refused the kingship out of sorrow for his friend. Cv.xlviii. 27ff.2. Nila Thera
He belonged to a family of flower sweepers. He joined the Order and became an arahant in the tonsure hall. When he came to Savatthi in search of a rag robe a Mahabrahma saw him and stood worshipping him. Other brahmas heard of this, and all worshipped him. SA.ii.217.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Nīla (नील) is the name of a Nāga mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Nīla).
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Nīla (नील, “black”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., nīla). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Nīla (नील).—One of the seven mountain ranges (varṣadharaparvata) of Jambūdvīpa according to Jaina cosmology. On top of Nīla lies a lake named Kesari, having at its centre a large padmahrada (lotus-island), home to the Goddess Kīrti. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Nīla (नील) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Nīla] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Nīla (नील) refers to one of the seven mountain ranges of Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly:—“Now, there are 7 zones here in Jambūdvīpa: Bhārata, Haimavata, Harivarṣa, Videha, Ramyaka, Hairaṇyavata, and Airāvata from south to north. Making the division between these there are 7 mountain-ranges, bounding the zones: Himavat, Mahāhimavat, Niṣadha, Nīla, Rukmin, and Śikharin with equal diameter at the base and top. [...] The lake Keśarin on Nīla is equal to Tigiñchi. [...] To the north of Meru and to the south of the Nīla Mts. are the Gandhamādana and Mālyavat Mts., with the shape of an elephant’s tusk. [...] Mālyavat is between the Nīla and Rukmin Mountains”.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds
Nīla (नील) is the name of a mountain in Jambūdvīpa separating the regions Videha and Ramyaka. Jambūdvīpa refers to the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10. The hues of the six mountains (e.g., Niṣadha and Nīla) are hot gold/ rising sun and blue (like the neck of peacock) respectively. Why do the mountains Niṣadha and Nīla have their specific hues? They have the hues as the sand and stones which constitute these mountains have the colour of molten gold or the rising sun and blue (like the neck of peacock) respectively.
Which lakes are there on tops of the Nīla, Rukmi and Śikhari (Śikharin) mountains? The lakes on the summits of Nīla, Rukmī and Śikharī mountains are Kesari, Mahāpuṇḍarīka and Puṇḍarīka respectively.
Jambūdvīpa (where stands the Nīla mountain) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.
Nīla (नील, “blue”) refers to one of the five types of Varṇa (color) and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. The karmas rise of which gives the colour attributes to the body are called colour body-making karma (nīla).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1
Nila (“blue”) refers to one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Medaras: workers in bamboo in the Telugu, Canarese, Oriya and Tamil countries. The Medara people believe that they came from Mahendrachala mountain, the mountain of Indra. They are also known as the Meda, Medarlu or Medarakaran.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
nīla : (adj.) blue; m. the blue colour. || nīḷa (nt.), a nest.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Nīḷa, (Vedic nīḍa) a nest (J. V, 92): see niḍḍha: cp. °pacchi bird cage J. II, 361; roga° It. 37; vadharoga° Th. I, 1093. (Page 376)
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Nīla, (adj.) (Vedic nīla, perhaps conn. with Lat. nites to shine, see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. ) dark-blue, blue-black, blue-green. Nīla serves as a general term to designate the “coloured-black, ” as opposed to the “colouredwhite” (pīta yellow), which pairs (nīla-pīta) are both set off against the “pure” colour-sensations of red (lohitaka) & white (odāta), besides the distinct black or dark (see kaṇha). Therefore n. has a fluctuating connotation (cp. Mrs. Rh. D. Buddh. Psych. p. 49 & Dhs. trsl. p. 62), its only standard combination being that with pīta, e.g. in the enumeration of the ten kasiṇa practices (see kasiṇa): nīla pīta lohita odāta; in the description of the 5 colours of the Buddha’s eye: nīla pītaka lohitaka kaṇha odāta (Nd2 235, Ia under cakkhumā); which goes even so far as to be used simply in the sense of “black & white, ” e.g. VvA. 320. Applied to hair (lomāni) D. II, 144; M. II, 136. See further enumeration at VvA. 111 & under kaṇha.—A. III, 239; IV, 263 sq. , 305, 349; V, 61; Vism. 110, 156, 173; ThA. 42 (mahā° great blue lotus); Dhs. 617; Pv. II, 25; PvA. 32, 46, 158; Sdhp. 246, 270, 360.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
niḷā (निळा).—a (nīla) Dark blue; indigo blue. 2 Of a white color;--used of horses. 3 Green, young, tender;--used of standing crops, grass &c. Pr. iḷyācē ghāyīṃ niḷēṃ kāpaṇēṃ.
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niḷā (निळा).—m f (nīḷa) Freshness of look or appearance.
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nīla (नील).—a (S) Dark blue.
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nīla (नील).—m or nīlakānta m (S) A sapphire.
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nīḷa (नीळ).—f (nīla S) Indigo plant. 2 Indigo. 3 m A species of monkey. 4 A sapphire. 5 f The green matter of stagnant water. nīḷa nāsalī or rāmpalī or niḷīcā raṅganāsalā Phrases founded upon a popular story, and used in rejecting any report or statement as utterly fabulous and incredible.
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nīḷa (नीळ).—a (nīla S) Dark blue, indigo blue.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
niḷā (निळा).—a Dark blue; indigo blue. Young tender-used of standing crops, &c.
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nīla (नील).—a Dark blue.
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nīla (नील).—m nīlakānta m A sapphire.
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nīḷa (नीळ).—f Indigo plant. Indigo. m A spe- cies of monkey. A sapphire. f The green matter of stagnant water.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Nīla (नील).—a. (lā -lī f.; the former in relation to clothes &c., the latter in relation to animals, plants &c.)
1) Blue, dark-blue; नीलस्निग्धः श्रयति शिखरं नूतनस्तोयवाहः (nīlasnigdhaḥ śrayati śikharaṃ nūtanastoyavāhaḥ) U.1.33.
2) Dyed with indigo.
-laḥ 1 the dark-blue or black colour.
3) The Indian fig-tree.
4) Name of a monkey-chief in the army of Rāma.
5) 'The blue mountain', Name of one of the principal ranges of mountains.
6) A kind of bird, the blue Mainā.
7) An ox of a dark-blue colour.
8) One of the nine treasures of Kubera; see नवनिधि (navanidhi).
9) A mark.
1) An auspicious sound or proclamation.
-lā 1 The indigo plant.
2) A Rāgiṇī.
-le f. (du.)
1) The two arteries in front of the neck.
2) A black and blue mark on the skin; (for other senses see nīlī.)
-lam 1 Black-salt.
2) Blue vitriol.
5) Indigo, indigo dye.
6) Darkness.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Nīlā (नीला).—name of a rākṣasī: Mahā-Māyūrī 244.1.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Blue, dark blue or black. m.
(-laḥ) 1. Black or dark blue, (the colour.) 2. The blue mountain, one of the principal ranges of mountains, dividing the world into nine portions, and lying immediately north of Ilavrata or the central division. 3. One of the monkey chiefs. 4. One of the Nidhis or divine treasures of Kuvera. 5. A gem, (the sapphire.) 6. A name of the Buddha Manjughosha. 7. The blue or hill Maina, a bird so called. n.
(-laṃ) 1. Indigo, the dye. 2. A mark, a characteristic mark. 3. A medical plant, apparently distinct from the Indigofera. 4. Blue vitriol. 5. Black salt. 6. Poison. 7. Antimony. f.
(-lā) 1. A blue fly. 2. A Ragini or mode of music, personified as the wife of the Raga Mallar. f. (-lī) 1. The indigo plant, (Indigofera tinctoria.) 3. A complaint of the eyes, a darkening of the pupil. 3. A bruise, a black and blue mark on the skin. E. nīla to dye or tinge, Unadi aff. ac; or nīlī indigo, an aff., implying being coloured or stained by it.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nīla (नील).—i. e. niś + la, I. adj., f. lā and lī, Black or dark-blue, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 136. Ii. m. 1. A proper name, Mahābhārata 1, 2697. 2. The name of a mountain, 6, 198. Iii. f. lī, 1. The indigo plant, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 89. 2. A proper name, Mahābhārata 1, 3722. Iv. n. Indigo, the dye, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 3, 38.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nīla (नील).—[masculine] [neuter] resting-place, [especially] a bird’s nest; the interior or seat of a carriage.
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Nīla (नील).—[adjective] dark-coloured, [especially] dark-blue or black. —[masculine] sapphire; [Name] of a serpent-demon, [several] men, etc.; [feminine] nīlā a woman’s name, nīlī indigo (plant or dye); [neuter] dark colour or substance, indigo.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Nīla (नील) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa] Padyāvalī.
2) Nīla (नील):—Vedāntasāra. Kh. 72.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Nīla (नील):—[from nīl] mf(ā or ī; cf. [Pāṇini 4-1, 42], [vArttika], [Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti v, 2, 48])n. of a dark colour, ([especially]) d°-blue or d°-green or black, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
2) [v.s. ...] dyed with indigo, [Pāṇini 4-2, 2], [vArttika] 2, [Patañjali]
3) [v.s. ...] m. the sapphire, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (with maṇi, [Rāmāyaṇa iii, 58, 26])
4) [v.s. ...] the Indian fig-tree (= vaṭa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] = nīla-vṛkṣa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] a species of bird the blue or hill Maina, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] an ox or bull of a dark colour, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] one of the 9 Nidhis or divine treasures of Kubera, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] Name of a man [gana] tikādi
10) [v.s. ...] of the prince of Māhiṣmatī, [Mahābhārata]
11) [v.s. ...] of a son of Yadu, [Harivaṃśa]
12) [v.s. ...] of a son of Aja-mīḍha, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
13) [v.s. ...] of a son of Bhuvana-rāja, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]
14) [v.s. ...] of an historian of Kaśmīra, [ib.]
15) [v.s. ...] of sub voce authors (also -bhaṭṭa), [Catalogue(s)]
16) [v.s. ...] Name of Mañjuśrī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
17) [v.s. ...] of a Nāga, [Mahābhārata; Rājataraṅgiṇī]
18) [v.s. ...] of one of the monkey-chiefs attending on Rāma (said to be a son of Agni), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.
19) [v.s. ...] the mountain Nīla or the blue m° (immediately north of Ilāvṛta or the central division; cf. nīlādri), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]
20) Nīlā (नीला):—[from nīla > nīl] f. the indigo plant (Indigofera Tinctoria), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. nīlī)
21) [v.s. ...] a species of Boerhavia with blue blossoms, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
22) [v.s. ...] black cumin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
23) [v.s. ...] a species of blue fly, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
24) [v.s. ...] ([dual number]) the two arteries in front of the neck, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
25) [v.s. ...] a black and blue mark on the skin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
26) [v.s. ...] Name of a goddess, [Horace H. Wilson]
27) [v.s. ...] (in music) of a Rāgiṇī (personified as wife of Mallāra)
28) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Mahābhārata] ([varia lectio] nālā)
29) Nīla (नील):—[from nīl] n. dark (the colour), darkness, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Kauṣītaki-upaniṣad]
30) [v.s. ...] any dark substance, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Chāndogya-upaniṣad]
31) [v.s. ...] = tālī-pattra and tālīśa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
32) [v.s. ...] indigo, [Yājñavalkya iii. 38]
33) [v.s. ...] black salt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
34) [v.s. ...] blue vitriol, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
35) [v.s. ...] antimony, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
36) [v.s. ...] poison, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
37) [v.s. ...] a [particular] position in dancing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
38) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nīla (नील):—[(laḥ-lā-laṃ) a.] Dark blue. m. Blue colour; blue mountain; a monkey chief; Kuvera's treasure; a gem or a saphire; blue Maina. f. (lā) A blue fly; a Rāginī. (lī) Indgo plant; a bruise. n. Indigo; a mark; blue vitriol; black salt; poison.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
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Nila (निल):—m. Nomen proprium eines Rākṣasa, eines Ministers Vibhīṣaṇa’s, [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 5, 43.]
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2) b) nīlaṃ vanaspatim [Spr. 3605.] — h) [Oxforder Handschriften 348,b, No. 818.] —
3) a) η) Nomen proprium einer Göttin [WILSON, Sel. Works 1, 145.] — b) α) auch Indigo [Spr. 4955.] vastra ein mit Indigo gefärbtes Gewand [Oxforder Handschriften 282,b,2 v. u.] — Vgl. mahā .
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Nīla (नील):—, nāsya pāpaṃ cakruṣo (so lesen wir) mukhānnīlaṃ vyeti (wohl so zu lesen) [Kauṣītakyupaniṣad 3,] [?1; vgl. Taittirīyasaṃhitā 3, 1, 1, 2.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) Adj. (f. ā und ī) — a) dunkelfarbig , namentlich blau , dunkelblau , schwarzblau. — b) *mit Indigo gefärbt. —
2) m. — a) Sapphir [Rājan 13,183.] — b) der indische Feigenbaum [Rājan 11,119.] — c) * = nīlavṛkṣa [Rājan 9,78.] — d) *ein best. Vogel. — e) ein dunkelfarbiger Stier. — f) *Name eines der 9 Schätze Kubera's. — g) Beiname Mañjuśrī's. — h) Nomen proprium — α) eines Schlangendämons. — β) verschiedener Männer. — γ) eines Affen im Gefolge Rāma's. — δ) eines Gebirges. —
3) f. nīlā — a) *die Indigopflanze [Rājan 4,82.] — b) eine blau blühende Boerhavia [Rājan 5,121.] — c) *schwarzer Kümmel. [Rājan 6,61.] — d) *eine blaue Fliegenart [Rājan 19,128.] — e) *Du. die beiden hervortretenden Schlagadern vorn am Halse. — f) *Flecken. — g) Nomen proprium — α) einer Göttin. — β) der Gattin des Rāga Mallāra. — γ) eines Flusses [Mahābhārata 6,9,31.] nālā v.l. —
4) f. nīlī — a) die Indigopflanze und Indigo ([Indische sprüche 5843]). — b) *Blyxa octandra. — c) *eine blaue Fliegenart. — d) *eine best. Krankheit. — e) Nomen proprium der Gemahlin Agamiḍha's. —
5) n. — a) die dunkle Farbe [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 3,1,1,2.] [Kauṣitakibrāhmaṇopaniṣad 3,1.] ein dunkler Stoff [Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14,7,1.20,2,12.] [Chāndogyopaniṣad 8,6,1.] — b) Indigo. — c) = tāliśapattra
2) [Rājan 6,185.] — d) *schwarzes Salz [Rājan 6,95.] — e) *blauer Vitriol [Rājan 13,104.] — f) *eine Salbe von Spiessglanz [Rājan 13,89.] — g) *Gift. — h) eine best. Stellung beim Tanze. — i) ein best. Metrum.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
1) Nīla (नील) [Also spelled neel]:—(nm) indigo, the plant and the dye; ten billions; (a) blue; (in mediaeval usage) also black; ~[kaṃṭha] the blue-necked jay: Coracias Indica; an epithet of Lord Shiv; —[kamala] blue lotus; ~[gāya] a species of deer; —[nilaya] the sky; ~[maṇi] a sapphire; —[lohita] reddish blue, purple; [nīlāṃjana] blue vitriol; —[paḍanā] to be beaten blue, to be belaboured; to develop a blue scar (on the skin etc.).
2) Nīlā (नीला):—(a) blue, azure; —[thothā] copper sulphate; ~[pana] blueness; -[sā] bluish; —[karanā] lit. to beat blue, to belabour; -[pīlā honā] to be in a terrible temper, to be enraged/infuriated.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+310): Nila bhatta, Nila-dumphaka, Nila-kuti, Nilabbha, Nilabha, Nilabhijati, Nilabhra, Nilabhrasamvrita, Nilabhringaraja, Nilabhu, Nilabhuti, Nilabija, Nilabijaka, Nilabja, Nilabuhna, Nilacala, Nilacalacapetika, Nilacaliyatirthaprayoga, Nilacandra, Nilacarman.
Ends with (+62): Abhinila, Agnila, Aindranila, Anila, Aphenila, Atinila, Atyanila, Bannila, Bapyanila, Bhanganila, Caranila, Chanila, Dakshinanila, Davanila, Dhamanila, Galanila, Gudanila, Hanila, Harinila, Hemantanila.
Full-text (+605): Nilanjana, Nilaja, Nilabha, Kakanila, Nilaksha, Kamsyanila, Nilaloha, Nilapiccha, Nilanga, Nilashman, Nilamrittika, Nilamani, Niladri, Nilapatala, Nilanjasa, Nilavasana, Anila, Nilapushpa, Nilavarna, Nilalohita.
Search found 77 books and stories containing Nila, Nīlā, Nīḷa, Nīla, Niḷā, Nilā; (plurals include: Nilas, Nīlās, Nīḷas, Nīlas, Niḷās, Nilās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 1 - Characteristics of Sapphire (nila) < [Chapter XVII - Gems (5): Nila (sapphire)]
Part 2 - Uparatna (2): Rudhra (carnelian) < [Chapter XXVII - Uparatna (minor gems)]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 22 - The Greatness of Nila Mountain < [Section 5 - Pātāla-Khaṇḍa (Section on the Nether World)]
Chapter 227 - The Description of the Vibhūti of Tripād < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 3 - Various Mountains and Regions of the Earth < [Section 3 - Svarga-khaṇḍa (section on the heavens)]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 259 - Prayer to the Bull < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Chapter 2 - Yama’s Prayer < [Section 2 - Puruṣottama-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 9 - Vidyāpati Reports to Indradyumna < [Section 2 - Puruṣottama-kṣetra-māhātmya]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 15 - The length and extent of the Earth: Description of Jambūdvīpa < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Chapter 17 - Varṣas of Jambūdvīpa, Kimpuruṣā, Hari and Ilāvṛta < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Chapter 7 - Different dynasties enumerated < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter LXXII - Tests of Sapphires < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter LIII - Traits of conduct of men marked by the several kinds of Nidhis < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter LXXIV - Tests of topas (puspa-raga) < [Agastya Samhita]