Shataghni, Sataghni, Śataghnī, Shata-ghni: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Shataghni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śataghnī can be transliterated into English as Sataghni or Shataghni, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shataghni in Ayurveda glossary
Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume II

1) Shataghni is the disease in which, through the concerted action of the deranged Vayu, Pitta and Kapha, a hard throat obstructing Varti (jagged membrane) edged like a Shataghni (the weapon) and densely beset with fleshy excrescences is formed along the inner lining of that pipe.

2) Sataghni is a kind of weapon used in ancient warfare.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shataghni in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: The Garuda puranam

Shataghni is a thick, stick-like growth in the throat, studded over with fleshy papillae and attended with diverse kinds of pain. This disease is attributed to the concerted action of the deranged Vayu, Pitta and Kapha, and invariably proves fatal.

Source: valmikiramayan.net: Srimad Valmiki Ramayana

Śataghnī literally is that which can kill a thousand people, and it is said to be a canon and also said to be thorny weapon.—Elaborate accounts of this śataghni, kśipaṇi are there in Yajur-āraṇyaka.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śataghnī (शतघ्नी) refers to the name of a Weapon mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.104). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śataghnī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: The Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa

Śataghnī (शतघ्नी) refers to “bombarding instruments” and represents one of the various weapons equipped by the Daityas in their war against Lalitā, according to the Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa 4.22. Accordingly, “[...] thereupon, crores of Daityas producing reverberating chattering noise furiously prepared themselves (to fight) against Parameśvarī (Lalitā). [...] Crores of Daityas were fully equipped with coats of mail and had the following weapons and missiles in their hands [viz.:  Śataghnīs (bombarding instruments)], and thousands of similar weapons and missiles very dreadful and capable of destroying living beings”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Śataghnī (शतघ्नी) refers to a weapon which should measure should measure eight tālas (unit of measurement), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. In dramatic plays, weapons such as śataghnī should be made by experts using proper measurements and given to persons engaged in a fight, angry conflict or siege. It forms a component of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Śataghnī (शतघ्नी) refers to a “catapult”. It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

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Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Śataghnī (शतघ्नी); name of a weapon mentioned in the Mahabharata (IX.44.104)

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Śataghnī.—(IA 7, 12), a gun or canon according to late works; a mechanical weapon placed at the gate of forts according to the Vasudevahiṇḍī (Journ. Or. Inst., Vol. X, No. 1, p. 15). Seekālacakra. Note: śataghnī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shataghni in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śataghnī (शतघ्नी).—f (S Killer of a hundred.) A cylindrical stone or piece of wood studded with iron spikes; a sort of Chevaux de frise. It is also described as a piece of fire-arms or the ancient Indian rocket.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shataghni in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śataghnī (शतघ्नी).—

1) a kind of weapon used as a missile (supposed by some to be a sort of rocket, but described by others as a huge stone studded with iron spikes and four tālas in length; śataghnī ca catustālā lohakaṇṭakasaṃcitā; or athakaṇṭakasaṃcchaka śataghnī mahatī śilā); अयःशङ्कुचितां रक्षः शतघ्नीमथ शत्रवे (ayaḥśaṅkucitāṃ rakṣaḥ śataghnīmatha śatrave) (akṣipat) R.12.95; Bhāg.9.15.3.

2) a female scorpion.

3) a disease of the throat.

4) Name of a plant (karañja).

Śataghnī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śata and ghnī (घ्नी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śataghnī (शतघ्नी).—assumed by Senart to mean scorpion (so Wilson and Apte, no reference(s) in the latter): (yehi…) prāṇa- kānāṃ śīṣāṇi piccitāni bhavanti, ahīnāṃ vṛścikānāṃ śataghnīnāṃ (Senart em.; mss. śatadānāṃ) Mahāvastu i.24.4 (prose); (na teṣu, v.l. teṣa, śatrū, v.l. śatrur, janayati, Senart em. °yanti, krodhaṃ) maṇiviṣāṇāṃ yathā śataghnīyo (Senart em.; mss. śatrusaṃghāḥ) i.276.19 (verse, metrical(ly) con- fused). Uncertain but not implausible.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śataghnī (शतघ्नी).—f. (-ghnī) 1. A weapon; it is generally supposed to be a sort of fire-arms, or the ancient Indian rocket, but it is also described as a stone set round with iron spikes. 2. A female scorpion. 3. A plant, (Galedupa arborea.) 4. A disease of the throat, apparently enlargement of the tonsils. E. śata a hundred, han to kill, affs. aṇ and ṅīṣ and the radical letters changed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śataghnī (शतघ्नी).—i. e. śata-han + ī, f. 1. A kind of weapon, [Arjunasamāgama] 6, 16. 2. A female scorpion. 3. A disease of the throat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śataghnī (शतघ्नी).—v. śatahan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śataghni (शतघ्नि):—[=śata-ghni] [from śata] f. [metri causa] for -ghnī, [Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) Śataghnī (शतघ्नी):—[=śata-ghnī] [from śata] a f. (cf. -han, p.1050) a [particular] deadly weapon (used as a missile, supposed by some to be a sort of fire-arms or rocket, but described by the [commentator or commentary] on the Mahābhārata as a stone or cylindrical piece of wood studded with iron spikes), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a deadly disease of the throat, [Suśruta; Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] Tragia Involucrata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Pongamia Glabra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a female scorpion, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva (m.), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

8) [=śata-ghnī] [from śata-han > śata] b f. See p.1049.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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