Kapila, aka: Kapilā, Kāpila; 18 Definition(s)
Kapila means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Yoga (school of philosophy)
Kapila is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.
The names of these Siddhas (eg., Kapila) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.(Source): Wisdom Library: Yoga
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
1) Kapila (कपिल).—One of the seven sons of Jyotiṣmān, who was a son of Priyavrata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu.
2) Kapila (कपिल) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Asitoda and mount Vipula, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Vipula mountain lies on the western side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa.
3) Kapila (कपिल).—Name of a settlement (janapada) situated near the seven great mountains on the western side of mount Naiṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These settlements consume the water flowing from these seven great mountains (Viśākha, Kambala, Jayanta, Kṛṣṇa, Harita, Aśoka and Vardhamāna). Niṣadha (Naiṣadha) is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa.
Jambūdvīpa is one the seven islands (dvīpa) ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
1) Kapila (कपिल).—A fierce sage. Genealogy and birth. Kapila was the son of Kardamaprajāpati, son of Brahmā, born to him of his wife Devahūti, grand-daughter of Brahmā and daughter of Svāyambhuva Manu. (See full article at Story of Kapila from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Kapila (कपिल).—Another name of Sūrya. (Śloka 24, Chapter 3, Vana Parva, Mahābhārata).
3) Kapila (कपिल).—A serpent king. It is believed that Kapila is one of the seven serpent Kings who hold the earth in its position. The others are: Dharma, Kāma, Kāla, Vasu, Vāsuki and Ananta. (Śloka 41, Chapter 150, Anuśāsana Parva).
4) Kapila (कपिल).—Son of an Agni named Bhānu. He was his fourth son and was believed to be another incarnation of sage Kapila (Śloka 21, Chapter 221, Vana Parva).
5) Kapila (कपिल).—Another sage who was the father of Śālihotra. He officiated in a yajña conducted by Uparicaravasu. (Chapter 336, Śānti Parva).
6) Kapila (कपिल).—A son of Viśvāmitra who was a brahmavādī. (Chapter 4, Anuśāsana Parva).
7) Kapila (कपिल).—A synonym of Śiva. (Chapter 17, Anuśāsana Parva).
8) Kapila (कपिल).—A synonym of Viṣṇu. (Chapter 149, Anuśāsana Parva).
9) Kapilā (कपिला).—Daughter of Dakṣaprajāpati. Kaśyapa married Kapilā. (Śloka 12, Chapter 65, Ādi Parva Mahābhārata).
10) Kapilā (कपिला).—A holy place of Kurukṣetra. If one bathes in a sacred pond there one will get the benefit of making a thousand Godānas (giving away cows as gifts). (Chapter 83, Vana Parva).
11) Kapilā (कपिला).—A river. (Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva).
12) Kapilā (कपिला).—The mother of Pañcaśikha. (Chapter 218, Śānti Parva).
13) Kāpila (कापिल).—Seventh division of Kuśadvīpa. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 12, Verse 14).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Kapila (कपिल).—The fifth avatār of Hari. Born of Kardama and Devahūti. Had nine sisters. Taught the knowledge of Brahman to his mother.1 A siddha.2 Propounder of tattvas. Imparted to Āsuri the sāṅkhya obscured by time. After Kardama left the family, Kapila lived with his mother at Bindusaras and instructed her on sāṅkhya tattvas, tattvalakṣaṇa, the distinction of prakṛti and puruṣa, aṣṭāṅga yoga, bhakti yoga, kāla, attachment and consequent hell, garbha and attachment to women and evils attending thereon, kāmya karma and jñāna yoga; left his mother for north. Being worshipped by Samudra (sea) with arghya and residence, he devoted his mind to yoga.3 Knew Vāsudeva's glory but could not comprehend His māyā.4 Served as calf for Vidyadharas to milk siddhi and vidyā.5 Attended Pṛthu's sacrifice.6 Prācīnabarhis who retired from kingly duties came to his hermitage to perform tapas.7 One of the twelve who knew the dharma ordained by Hari.8 A sage who went about the world imparting knowledge;9 would find no fault with Hara's violation of dharma.10 King Rahūgaṇa went to visit him.11 Near by his āśrama was the consecrated horse of Sagara. The 60,000 Sāgaras who searched for it imputed the theft to the sage and attacked him, who in wrath burnt them down. Met by Aṃśumān, he gave back the horse and said that the Sāgaras would get redemption by the Ganges waters.12 The four who were not victims to the sage's curse were Barhiketu, Saketu, Dharmarata, and Pañcavana.13
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 3. 10; II. 7. 3; VIII. 1. 6; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 145 and 148.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 15. 13; III. 24. 16-17.
- 3) Ib. III. chapters 24-33; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 40. 66; Matsya-purāṇa 3. 29; 102. 18; 171. 4 and 19.
- 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 9. 19; IX. 4. 57.
- 5) Ib. IV. 18. 19.
- 6) Ib. IV. 19. 6.
- 7) Ib. IV. 29. 81.
- 8) Ib. VI. 3. 20; 8. 16.
- 9) Ib. VI. 15. 13.
- 10) Ib. VI. 17. 12.
- 11) Ib. V. 10. 1 and 16.
- 12) Ib. IX. 8. 10-29; XI. 16. 15; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 15. 15-43; 53. 17-52; chap. 54; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 12-28.
- 13) Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 147-53.
1b) A son of Danu. Followed Vṛtra in his battle with Indra. Took part in Devāsura war between Bali and Indra.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 30; 10; VIII. 10. 21; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 5; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 4.
1c) A son of Jyotiṣman, after whom came Kapilavarṣa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 28 and 30; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 24.
1d) A Kādraveya Nāga in the third talam.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 30; III. 7. 36; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 41; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 29; 69. 73, 219.
1e) An Yakṣa who married the Rākṣasi Keśinī.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 146; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 12.
1f) A chief of the Vānaras*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 233.
1g) A son of Vasudeva and Sugandhī; took to penance.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 186; Matsya-purāṇa 46. 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 182-183.
1h) A son of Bhadrāśva.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 3.
1i) A son of Mahī (Earth ?)*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 163. 90.
1j) A Gandharva.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 26.
1m) Mountain of Kuśadvīpa surrounding the base of Meru.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 26; 20. 15.
1n) A mountain west of the Sitoda (Meru, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 27; 42. 50; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 29.
1o) A mountain north of the Mahābhadra lake.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 31.
1p) An elephant born of the Rathantara.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 335; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 219.
1q) The Brāhmaṇa caste of Sālmalidvīpa.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 30.
2a) Kapilā (कपिला).—A daughter of Khaśā and a Rākṣasī; After her name came the Kāpileya gaṇa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 138; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 170.
2b) A goddess enshrined at Mahāliṅga.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 33.
2c) A R. on the south side of the Narmadā, joining it.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 186. 40.
2d) A river in front of the Vaṭa in Gayā.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 57.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Kapila (कपिल) refers to one of the “five faults” (doṣa) of a singer according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 32.519-525:—“When the voice is unnatural, and there is a gurgling sound, it is called kapila. The voice of one who has phlegm in the throat, is also called kapila”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)
Kapila (कपिल) refers to one of the various Vibhava manifestations according to the Īśvarasaṃhitā 24.216-217.—Accordingly, “one shall meditate upon that Kapila, the storehouse of lustre, whose complexion is like the colour of smokeless live charcoal, having the conch and a garland of lotus seeds, having the complexion of blossomed red lotus, the sūtras of the soul of gods and others and having the palm offering security”.
These Vibhavas (eg., Kapila) represent the third of the five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Consciousness the Pāñcarātrins believe in.(Source): archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 1
Kāpila (कापिल) or Kāpilasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a tāmasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa. c. Tāmasa (eg., Kāpila-saṃhitā).(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
General definition (in Hinduism)
The great sage Kapila had chosen the netherworld to perform a terrible penance. At this time, the king Sagara had been performing the Ashwamedha (horse) sacrifice, but the sacrifical horse had wandered away. As the horse had strayed near the hermitage of sage Kapila, the 60,000 sons of Sagara came there in search of it.
The din caused by the arrival disturbed the sage, but he still did not open his eyes. When the sons of Sagara saw that the horse was there, they mistakenly assumed that Kapila was responsible for its theft. They started insulting the sage. At last, the sage could not bear it any longer. He opened his in wrath. Such was the potency of his gaze, that all the sons of Sagara were burned to ashes on the spot. (Some accounts say that a few of them escaped.)(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Kapila (कपिल ऋषि): A Vedic sage credited as one of the founders of the Samkhya school of philosophy. He is prominent in the Bhagavata Purana, which features a theistic version of his Samkhya philosophy.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
Kapila (कपिल) is a legendary Sage, who “is supposed to be the founder of the Sāṃkhya system”, though unanimously considered a mythological being by modern scholars. He is traditionally attributed with the authorship of the Sāṃkhyasūtras, which on its part are without any doubt a later compilation. As far as Āyurvedic literature is concerned, the traces of Kapila become rather scarce. The Sāṃkhya-Kapila is referred to in Ādī 10 on Caraka-saṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 26.8 in the discussion on the classification of tastes.(Source): Academia.edu: The Nepalese version of the Suśrutasaṃhitā
Kapila (कपिल).—An incarnation of Kṛṣṇa who appeared in Satya-yuga as the son of Devahūti and Kardama Muni and expounded the devotional Sāṅkhya philosophy, the analysis of matter and spirit, as a means of cultivating devotional service to the Lord. (There is also an atheist named Kapila, but he is not an incarnation of the Lord.)(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
1. Kapila - Father of Pippali manava, who is better known as Maha Kassapa. ThagA.ii.142; but see ThagA., p.73, verses 56, 57.
2. Kapila - A brahmin, the Bodhisatta born as the chaplain of Upacara, king of Cetiya. The king had promised the post of chaplain to his friend Korakalamba, Kapilas younger brother, and when reminded of his promise, undertook to recover it from Kapilas son who had been given the appointment at Kapilas request. The king, in spite of Kapilas warning, attempted to fulfil his promise by lying, and, as a result, he was swallowed up in Avici. The kings five sons thereupon sought Kapilas protection, and at his advice they left Ceti and founded five cities: Hatthipura, Assapura, Sihapura, Uttarapancala, and Daddarapura (J.iii.454ff).
Kapila is sometimes called Kapilatapasa (J.v.273) and Kapila isi (J.v.267). His encounter with the Cetiya king is evidently a famous legend, and is often referred to. E.g., in the Sankicca Jataka (J.v.267).
3. Kapila - A brahmin, the Bodhisatta. When the sons of Okkaka went into voluntary exile and were looking for a spot on which to found a city, they came upon Kapila in his hermitage in Himava by the side of a lake. He was versed in the science of Bhumicala, and was, therefore, acquainted with the qualities associated with various sites. He knew that any city built on the site of his hermitage would become the capital of Jambudipa and that its inhabitants would be invincible. He therefore advised them to found a settlement there. They followed his advice and named the settlement Kapilavatthu after him (q.v.). A hermitage was built near it for the use of Kapila. DA.i.259f; MT.132f; SnA.ii.353; see also Mtu.i.348ff
4. Kapila - A monk. He was the younger brother of Sodhana, his mother being Sadhini and his sister Tapana. The whole family entered the Order of Kassapa Buddha; Sodhana learnt meditation and became an arahant. Kapila learnt the three Pitakas and, intoxicated with his learning, disagreed with everybody, right or wrong. He would heed no admonition, and followed a life of evil conduct in which he was followed by his mother and sister. One day, when Kapila was reciting the Patimokkha, none of the other monks gave the responses, and in anger he declared that there was neither Dhamma nor Vinaya. Thus he put obstacles in the way of religion, and was reborn in Avici.
Later he was born in Aciravati as a fish, Kapilamaccha. Some fishermen, having caught him, took him to the king of Kosala. At the fish was of golden hue, the king took him to the Buddha, desiring an explanation of his colour. When the fish opened his mouth the whole of Jetavana stank. The Buddha questioned the fish and made him confess his sins. Struck with remorse, the fish died and was reborn once more in hell. DhA.iv.37ff; SnA.ii.305f; SA.ii.152; see also UdA.179f;(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
India history and geogprahy
Kapila (कपिल) is an example of a name based on color heritge mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Kapila) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
kapila : (adj.) tawny. (m.), 1. tawny colour; 2. name of a sage.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Kapila, (adj.) (Sk. kapila, cp. kapi) brown, tawny, reddish, of hair & beard VvA. 222; °ā f. a brown cow DhA. IV, 153. (Page 187)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
kapila (कपिल).—a S pop. kapilā a Tawny.
--- OR ---
kapilā (कपिला).—f (S) A certain fabulous cow. 2 A cow wholly of one color. Used with the adjective before it, as kāḷī-tāmbaḍī-pāṇḍharī-ka0 3 A cow gen. Ex. mājhē gharīṃ pāñca ka0 āhēta. 4 The red powder of certain dried flowers. Used in dyeing. Disting. into kapilā & kapilī of which kapilī is the better. 5 Applied also to kāva or red ochre.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Kapila (कपिल).—a. [kapi-lac]
1) Tawny, reddish; वाताय कपिला विद्युत् (vātāya kapilā vidyut) Mbh. on P.II.3.13.
2) Having tawny hairs; नोद्वेहेत्कपिलां कन्याम् (nodvehetkapilāṃ kanyām) Ms.3.8. (Kull. = kapilakeśā).
-laḥ 1 Name of a great sage. [He reduced to ashes 6 sons of Sagara, who while searching for the sacrificial horse of their father taken away by Indra, fell in with him and accused him of having stolen it (see U.1.23.). He is also said to have been the founder of the Sāṅkhya system of philosophy.] ऋषि प्रसूतं कपिलं यस्तमग्रे ज्ञानैर्बिभर्ति (ṛṣi prasūtaṃ kapilaṃ yastamagre jñānairbibharti) Śāṅk Bhāṣ. on Bād. Sūtras 2.1; सिद्धानां कपिलो मुनिः (siddhānāṃ kapilo muniḥ) Bg.1.26.
2) A dog.
5) A form or fire.
6) The tawny colour.
7) Impure benzoin.
8) Name of the sun.
9) Name of a country.
1) One of the incarnation of Viṣṇu.
-lā 1 A brown cow; कपिला चेत्तारयति भूयश्चासप्तमं कुलम् (kapilā cettārayati bhūyaścāsaptamaṃ kulam) Y.1.25.
2) A kind of perfume.
3) A kind of timber.
4) The common leech.
5) Name of the female elephant of the south east.
--- OR ---
Kāpila (कापिल).—a. (-lī f.)
1) Peculiar or belonging to Kapila.
2) Taught by, or derived from, Kapila; योग- शास्त्रं च निखिलं कापिलं चैव भारत (yoga- śāstraṃ ca nikhilaṃ kāpilaṃ caiva bhārata) Mb.12.325.4.
-laḥ 1 A follower of the Sāṅkhya system of philosophy propounded by Kapila.
2) Tawny colour.(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 125 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Kapilāśva (कपिलाश्व).—Son of a King called Kuvalāśva. A sage named Dhandhu destroyed him. (Ślok...
Kapilātīrtha (कपिलातीर्थ) is the name of a sacred spot mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Kapilāt...
Kāpilasaṃhitā (कापिलसंहिता) or simply Kāpila is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classif...
Kapilākṣī (कपिलाक्षी).—a kind of deer. Kapilākṣī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms...
Kapilāsana (कपिलासन, “Kapila posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type of posture (ās...
Kapiladhārā (कपिलधारा).—Name of the Ganges. 2) A holy place. Kapiladhārā is a Sanskrit compound...
Kapiladruma (कपिलद्रुम).—A kind of perfume. Derivable forms: kapiladrumaḥ (कपिलद्रुमः).Kapiladr...
Kapilāñjana (कपिलाञ्जन).—Name of Śiva. Derivable forms: kapilāñjanaḥ (कपिलाञ्जनः).Kapilāñjana i...
Bhadrakapila (भद्रकपिल).—an epithet of Śiva. Derivable forms: bhadrakapilaḥ (भद्रकपिलः).Bhadrak...
Preached by the Buddha to the people assembled to hear his explanation of the golden colour of ...
See Kapila (4).
See Kapila (6).
See Kapila 12.
|Kapila Maccha Vatthu|
The story of Kapila maccha. DhA.iv.37ff
Saṃkhyā (संख्या).—In ancient India digits up to 19 were in vogue. Bhāskarācārya the great mathe...
Search found 69 books and stories containing Kapila, Kapilā or Kāpila. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 20: Marriage with Kapilā < [Chapter II - Marriages of Vasudeva with maidens]
Part 2: Story of Kapila < [Chapter I - Five previous incarnations]
Part 4: Śreṇika’s future < [Chapter IX - Stories of the ploughman]
The Gautami Mahatmya (by G. P. Bhatt)
Vedānta-sūtras Part I (by George Thibaut)
II, 1, 1 < [Second Adhyāya, First Pāda]
II, 1, 11 < [Second Adhyāya, First Pāda]
I, 4, 8 < [First Adhyāya, Fourth Pāda]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 3 - The Indian Systems of Philosophy < [Chapter IV - General Observations On The Systems Of Indian Philosophy]
Part 4 - An Early School of Sāṃkhya < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)