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Candra, aka: Cāndra, Candrā; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Candra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

One of the Nava-graha (Hands that indicate the Nine Planets).—Candra: left hand–Solapadma, right hand–Patāka.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Āyurveda (science of life)

Candra (चन्द्र) is another name for Kampillaka (Mallotus philippensis) according to the Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. It can also be spelled as Kampilla (कम्पिल्ल).

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Jyotiṣa (astronomy and astrology)

Candra (चन्द्र, “shining”) refers to the moon, which is also known as soma or śiśira, amonst others. The corresponding day of the week is sunday (somavāra). The term is used throughout Jyotiṣa literature.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or ‘astrology’. It is one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Purāṇa

1) Candra (चन्द्र).—Another name for Jaladhāra, which is one of the seven major mountains in Śākadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 86. Śākadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Medhātithi, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata.

2) Candrā (चन्द्रा) is another name for Hrādinī, one of the seven major rivers in Kuśadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 87. Kuśadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Vapuṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata.

Priyavrata is the son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1a) Candra (चन्द्र).—(personified) pointed out, in the Amṛtamathana, to Hari, Rāhu drinking nectar in the guise of a deva. Hence Rāhu is said to chase the moon in parvas. Fought with Rāhu in a Devāsura war.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 9. 24-26; 10. 31.

1b) The son of Viśvasandhi and father of Yuvanāśva.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 6. 20.

1c) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Satyā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 13.

1d) A son of Bali.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 6. 11.

1e) One of Danu's sons.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 8.

1f) The son of Nara and father of Kevala.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 41-2.

1g) The son of Hemacandra, and father of Dhūmrākṣa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 51-2.

1h) The moon who completes in two fortnights the circuit which the sun makes in a year. He is the life of all living beings and occupies each of the twenty-eight constellations for thirty muhūrtas (a day).1 Lord of plants, yajñas, vratas and tapas; not going near Rohini, a bad omen;2 the whitish dark spot in it appears like a śara;3 its maṇḍalam made of clouds and waters as of Sūrya; here is the sthāna of all deities, planets, etc., the size of the moon is twice that of the sun; is reckoned as Vasu in the Vaivasvata epoch;4 grows through the effulgence of the sun and is known as Idvatsara; has 15 kalas and not 16.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 10. 30; V. 22. 8-10.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 8. 2; 163. 41; 246. 57.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 77.
  • 4) Ib. 53. 55-62, 80.
  • 5) Ib. 56. 30-31.

1i) A mountain one of the seven mountains of Plakṣadvīpa touching the sea and medicinal plants gathered by the Aśvins for nectar.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 76; 19. 8; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 7; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 7.

1j) A group of nāḍis of sun (fire) with enough light.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 29.

2a) Candrā (चन्द्रा).—A river in Śālmalidvīpa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 46; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 42; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 28.

2b) A daughter of Vṛṣaparvan.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 6. 22.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Pāñcarātra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Candra (चन्द्र) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Candranṛsiṃha or Candranarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

Source: Wisdom Library: PāñcarātraPāñcarātra book cover
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Pāñcarātra (पाञ्चरात्र, pancaratra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Nārāyaṇa is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaiṣnavism, the Pāñcarātra literature includes various Āgamas and tantras incorporating many Vaiṣnava philosophies.

General definition (in Hinduism)

1) candra or is a Sanskrit term meaning “the moon” or “shining”.

2) cāndra can mean “monday”, “lunar”, “light half of a month” or “lunar month”.

3) Candra (चन्द्र):—Son of Viśvagandhi (son of Pṛthu). He had a son named Yuvanāśva. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.6.20)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Candra is said to be the son of Prabhākra (the Sun). He is also identified with the Vedic Soma. Soma = Amṛta the nectar of immortality which alludes to the nourishing, nurturing and invigorating influence of the Moon on all life forms. He is described as young, beautiful, fair; two- armed and having in his hands a club and a displaying the Varadā mudra, or holding 2 white lotuses.

Source: Red Zambala: The Navagrahas — Planetary Deities

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