Saru, Sarū, Śaru, Sāru, Sharu: 11 definitions
Saru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Śaru can be transliterated into English as Saru or Sharu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Sāru (सारु) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., sāru) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Śaru (शरु).—A Devagandharva. He participated in the birthday celebrations of Arjuna. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 122, Verse 58).
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
sarū (सरू).—m C (tsaru S) A haft or handle (as of a bill or other tool).
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sarū (सरू).—m (Or surū from A) A cypress tree.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
sarū (सरू).—m A cypress tree.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) An arrow.
2) A weapon.
3) The thunderbolt of Indra.
4) Anger, passion.
5) Practice of archery.
Derivable forms: śaruḥ (शरुः).
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Saru (सरु).—a. Thin, fine, small.
-ruḥ 1 the handle of a sword.
2) An arrow.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ruḥ) 1. Passion, anger. 2. The thunderbolt of Indra. 3. An arrow. 4. Any weapon. E. śṝ to injure, Unadi aff. un .
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Saru (सरु).—mfn. (-ruḥ-ruḥ-ru) Thin, small, fine, minute. m.
(-ruḥ) The hilt or handle of a sword, &c. E. sṛ to go, un aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śaru (शरु).—i. e. śṛ10 + u (or rather śar + van, cf. + ), m. 1. An arrow. 2. The thunderblot of Indra. 3. Any weapon. 4. Passion, anger.
— Cf. [Gothic.] hairus.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śaru (शरु).—[feminine] ([masculine]) spear or arrow.
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Saru (सरु).—[masculine] = śaru.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Śaru (शरु):—[from śara] m. or (more frequently) f. a missile, dart, arrow, [Atharva-veda]
2) [v.s. ...] m. any missile weapon ([especially] the thunderbolt of Indra and weapon of the Maruts; f. also that weapon personified), [Ṛg-veda]
3) [v.s. ...] m. a partridge, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] anger, passion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] of a Deva-gandharva, [Mahābhārata]; of a son of Vasu-deva, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
7) [v.s. ...] cf. [Gothic] hairus.
8) Śāru (शारु):—[from śāra] a See kiṃ-śāru.
9) b śāruka See [column]1.
10) Saru (सरु):—mfn. (for śaru [from] √śrī, p.1056) minute, thin, fine
11) m. = śaru m. an arrow = tsaru, the hilt or handle of a sword, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
12) Sāru (सारु):—(doubtful), a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+20): Saruc, Saruca, Sarudbhava, Sarudh, Sarudha, Sarudhira, Sarudhiram, Sarudhiramutra, Sarudhiramutrata, Saruh, Saruha, Saruj, Saruja, Sarujasiddhacarya, Sarujatva, Sarundhatika, Sarupa, Sarupakrit, Sarupamkarana, Sarupata.
Ends with (+2): Asaru, Bhedasaru, Bhidasaru, Harishmasharu, Hesaru, Himsaru, Kanishakimsaru, Kanksharu, Kimsharu, Kusharu, Manitsaru, Masharu, Misaru, Nihsaru, Pitsaru, Shmasharu, Somapitsaru, Somasatsaru, Sumatitsaru, Sutsaru.
Search found 2 books and stories containing Saru, Sarū, Śaru, Sāru, Śāru, Sharu; (plurals include: Sarus, Sarūs, Śarus, Sārus, Śārus, Sharus). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
The Chaldean account of Genesis (by George Smith)