Saru, aka: Sarū, Śaru, Sāru, Sharu; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Saru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaru can be transliterated into English as Saru or Sharu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Sāru (सारु) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (eg., sāru) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Śaru (शरु).—A Devagandharva. He participated in the birthday celebrations of Arjuna. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 122, Verse 58).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

sarū (सरू).—m C (tsaru S) A haft or handle (as of a bill or other tool).

--- OR ---

sarū (सरू).—m (Or surū from A) A cypress tree.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sarū (सरू).—m A cypress tree.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaru (शरु).—

1) An arrow.

2) A weapon.

3) The thunderbolt of Indra.

4) Anger, passion.

5) Practice of archery.

Derivable forms: śaruḥ (शरुः).

--- OR ---

Saru (सरु).—a. Thin, fine, small.

-ruḥ 1 the handle of a sword.

2) An arrow.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaru (शरु).—m.

(-ruḥ) 1. Passion, anger. 2. The thunderbolt of Indra. 3. An arrow. 4. Any weapon. E. śṝ to injure, Unadi aff. un .

--- OR ---

Saru (सरु).—mfn. (-ruḥ-ruḥ-ru) Thin, small, fine, minute. m.

(-ruḥ) The hilt or handle of a sword, &c. E. sṛ to go, un aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 4 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vatasara
vāṭasara (वाटसर) [-saru-surū-sūra-sārū, -सरु-सुरू-सूर-सारू].—c A wayfarer.
Sharavya
Śaravya (शरव्य).—n. (-vyaṃ) A mark, a butt. E. śaru a weapon, and yat aff.--- OR --- Saravya (स...
Bhidakara
bhīḍakara (भीडकर) [or भीडकरी, bhīḍakarī].—a bhīḍasara or bhīḍasārū-sarū -sāḷū a bhīḍaśīla a Res...
Saruca
sarūcā (सरूचा) [or सरूदार, sarūdāra].—a (sarū) Tall, long, or straight as the cypress tree.

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