Nisa, Nisā, Niśā, Nisha, Niśa: 18 definitions



Nisa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Niśā and Niśa can be transliterated into English as Nisa or Nisha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Niśā (निशा):—Another name for Haridrā (Curcuma longa), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Niśā (निशा) is another name for “Haridrā” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning niśā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Niśā (निशा).—The third wife of the Agni called Bhānu. To the couple were born seven sons called Agni, Soma, Vaiśvānara, Viśvapati, Sannihita, Kapila and Agraṇī, and a daughter called Rohiṇī. (Vana Parva, Chapter 211).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Niśā (निशा).—Same as Sītā; a R. of the Kuśadvīpa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 71.

1b) A daughter of Krodhā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 205.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Niśā (निशा) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Niśā corresponds to Tārakā. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

2) Niśā (निशा) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Niśā) in 20 verses.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nisā : (f.) night.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nisā, (f.) (Sk. niś & niśā, prob. with niśītha (midnight) to ni+śi=lying down) night Vv 352 (Loc. nise); VvA. 161 (Loc. nisati, v. l. nisi=rattiyaṃ); Miln. 388 (Loc. nisāya); Dāvs II. 6; V, 2 (nisāyaṃ). See also nisītha. (Page 373)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

niśā (निशा).—f ( P) Assurance, confidence, conviction or satisfaction of mind. v kara, hō, purava. 2 Assurance, testimony of credit. v dē, ghē, paṭava, purava. Ex. mī pāñcaśēṃ rūpayāñcī niśā sāvakārī dētōṃ. 3 Satiety or gluttedness.

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niśā (निशा).—f ( A) Intoxication: also any intoxicating substance.

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niśā (निशा).—f S Night.

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nīsa (नीस).—m (nisaṇēṃ) Sum, substance, essence; the extract or excerptum; the good portion picked out. v kāḍha, nigha. 2 Scrutiny or close inquiry into. v kara, kāḍha, pāha, purava g. of o. 3 nīsa is sometimes used as ad or in comp. with the sense Essentially or purely, i. e. altogether, utterly; as nīsa naṅgā Wholly bare, void, or destitute (of money, decency &c.)

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nīsa (नीस).—m R Sense of soreness (in the breast or back) from a blow or from overexertion. v bhara, utara.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

niśā (निशा).—f Assurance, confidence, conviction or satisfaction of mind. v kara, hō, purava.

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niśā (निशा).—f Satiety. Intoxication. Night.

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nīsa (नीस).—m Sum, substance, essence; the extract or excerptum; the good por- tion picked out. v kāḍha nigha. Scrutiny or close inquiry into. v kara, kāḍha, pāha, purava, nīsa is sometimes used as ad or in comp., with the sense Essentially or purely, i. e. altogether, utterly; as nīsa naṅgā. Wholly bare, void, or desti- tute (of money, decency &c.)

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nīsa (नीस).—m Sense of soreness in the breast or back from a blow or from over- exertion. Substance. Scrutiny. ad Altogether.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Niśa (निश).—4 P., 1 U.

1) To hear, listen to, come to know; निशम्य चैनां तपसे कृतोद्यमाम् (niśamya caināṃ tapase kṛtodyamām) Ku.5.3; Ś.5.2; R.2.41,52,61;3.47;4.2;5.12; Bk.2.9; निशामय प्रियसखि (niśāmaya priyasakhi) Māl.7.

2) To see, observe; निशामयन् दीप्तमिवाग्निना जगत् (niśāmayan dīptamivāgninā jagat) Bu. Ch.4.98.

Derivable forms: niśam (निशम्).

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Niśā (निशा).—[nitarāṃ śyati tanūkaroti vyāpārān śo-ka Tv.]

1) Night या निशा सर्वभूतानां तस्यां जागर्ति संयमी (yā niśā sarvabhūtānāṃ tasyāṃ jāgarti saṃyamī) Bg.2.69.

2) Turmeric.

3) A dream.

4) A collective name for the zodiacal signs Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Sagittarius, and Capricorn.

5) A species of plant (Mar. kacarā or upaḷasarī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niśā (निशा).—f.

(-śā) 1. Night. 2. Turmeric, (Curcuma longa.) 3. Another sort, (C. zanthorrhiza.) E. ni always, śo to waste or reduce, (mortals,) aff. ka; or niś to meditate, aff. kvip, and ṭāpa added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niśa (निश).—[-niśa] (cf. niśā), in a-niśa + m, adv. (Without rest) continually, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 61. ahar-niśa, n. A whole day, comprising a day and a night, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 74. divā-niśa + m, adv. Day and night, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 44. niśā-niśa + m, adv. Constantly, Mahābhārata 3, 12343.

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Niśā (निशा).—probably from ni-śī, (cf. niśitha), f. 1. Night, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 223. 2. A dream, Mahābhārata 5, 7252. 3. Turmeric, Curcuma, [Suśruta] 2. 208, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niśa (निश).—(—°) [neuter] & niśā [feminine] the same.

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Niśā (निशा).—sharpen, whet; offer, present; lay down, spread.

Niśā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ni and śā (शा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Niśa (निश):—[from niś] n. (or am ind.) ifc. for niśā (cf. a-, ahar-, divā-, niśā-, śva-, and, [Pāṇini 2-4, 25]).

2) Niśā (निशा):—[from niś] f. night, [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a vision, dream, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] turmeric, Curcuma (of 2 species, [probably] C° and C°), [Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] = -bala, [Jyotiṣa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Niśā (निशा):—(śā) 1. f. Night; turmeric.

2) Niṣa (निष):—(u) neṣati 1. a. To sprinkle.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Niśa (निश):—n. am Ende eines comp. (angeblich eines Tatpuruṣa) = niśā Nacht [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 4, 25.] [Amarakoṣa 3, 6, 6, 40.] aharniśa (s. d.) Tag und Nacht, divāniśam adv. bei Tage und bei Nacht [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 44. 9, 2.] [Nalopākhyāna 13, 37. 20, 28.] [Raghuvaṃśa 19, 6.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 3, 19.] niśāniśam adv. jede Nacht, zu jeder Zeit, stets [Mahābhārata 3, 12343. 13, 6464.] — Vgl. aniśa und śvaniśa .

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Niśā (निशा):—f.

1) Nacht [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 3, 4. 3, 4, 23, 145.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 105. 3, 3, 428.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 141.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 550.] [Medinīkoṣa śeṣa (s. II.). 8.] [Halāyudha 1, 107.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 4, 7, 24.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 8. 22. 23.] [GOBH. 3, 6, 4.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 4, 7.] kāle [?1, 11. - Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 223. Bhagavadgītā 2, 69. Nalopākhyāna 13, 35. 15, 11. 17, 10.] niśā vyagāhat [Mahābhārata 5, 7246.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 46, 2.] [Suśruta 1, 17, 8. 172, 17.] [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 95.] [Ṛtusaṃhāra 1, 2. 9.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 3, 39. 11, 43. 12, 20. 34, 7.] [Sūryasiddhānta 8, 14] (dyuniśe). [12, 61.] [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 38.] gaṇa [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 143.] vṛnda [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] niśāgame bei Anbruch der Nacht [SOM. NAL. 79.] [Pañcatantra 148, 19.] kṣaye am Ende der Nacht [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 16, 41.] [Ṛtusaṃhāra 1, 9.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 4, 9. 68.] [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 154.] Vgl. nak, nakta, naktan, niś, niśitā, niśītha . —

2) Traumgesicht: yadi śakyo mayā jetuṃ jāmadagnyaḥ pratāpavān . daivatāni prasannāni darśayantu niśāṃ mama .. [Mahābhārata 5, 7252.] —

3) Gelbwurz, Curcuma; es werden zwei Arten (niśādvaya [Suśruta 2, 208, 14. 340, 16]) derselben gebraucht (vgl. haridrā und dāruharidrā); viell. C. Zedoaria Roxb. und C. longa Roxb. [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 41.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 428.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 418.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Ratnamālā 58.] [Suśruta 2, 120, 1. 294, 10.] Vgl. noch u. niśābhaṅgā . —

4) zusammenfassende Bez. der Zodiakalbilder Widder, Stier, Zwillinge, Krebs, Schütze und Steinbock [JYOTISTATTVA im Śabdakalpadruma]; vgl. niśābala .

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Niśa (निश):—, niśāniśam [Mahābhārata 12, 4284.]

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Niśā (निशा):—vgl. mahā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Niśa (निश):—n. Nacht niśā s. bes.

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Niśā (निशा):—f.

1) Nacht.

2) Traumgesicht.

3) Gelbwurz , Curcuma.

4) Bez. der Zodiakalbilder Widder , Stier , Zwillinge , Krebs , Schütze und Steinbock.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Niśā (निशा):—(nf) night; ~[kara] the moon; ~[cara] a demon; evil spirit; ~[carī] demonic; •[vṛtti] demonic spirit; ~[nātha] the moon.

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