Gocara, Go-cara: 22 definitions


Gocara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Gochara.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Gocara (गोचर) refers to the “objects of the senses”, according to the Guhyasūtra chapter 3.—Accordingly, “[...] If one torments the body with rain, cold and heat, …, devoted to recitation (japarata) and meditation, this is called the Great Observance. A woman skilled in the pleasures of love-making, endowed with beauty and youth; such a woman one should procure, holding one’s senses back from the objects of the senses (niruddhendriya-gocara), and one should kiss and embrace [her], placing the penis upon her sex while remaining focussed upon recitation and meditation—one performs [thus] the Sword-Blade Observance. If one should succumb to the control of desire, then one certainly falls into hell. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Gocara (गोचर) refers to the “extent (of the clan)”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “The following eight are called Kula: the family of the sacred seats, the Creeper, the monastery, the Great Tree of Gesture, the family in the extent of the clan (gotra-gocara-santāna), the extent of the clan itself (gotra-gocara), the type of Transmission and the secret language”.—[Note: These eight are similar to the constituents of a sacred seat (see intro. vol. 1, p. 697 ff.) from which the teachings are transmitted through the lineage of teachers. This is how each tradition (āmnāya) is also].

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Mantrashastra (the science of Mantras)

Source: OAPEN: Adaptive Reuse: Aspects of Creativity in South Asian Cultural History

Gocara (गोचर) refers to the “sphere of knowledge”, according to Utpala Vaiṣṇava’s commentary (called Spandapradīpikā) on the Spandakārikā by Vasugupta.—Accordingly, “And moreover, [it is said] in the Saṅkarṣaṇasūtras: ‘The form of consciousness, which is installed in itself alone, and is prepared through presence and absence, is perceivable through self-awareness, and its sphere of knowledge (gocara) lies beyond nature [prakṛtyātītagocaram]. This source of the mantras is recollected, o sage, to consist of cognition. These mantras, which appear externally and internally in the form of phonemes rest on the undivided level. Like the [sense] organs of the embodied beings, when they are employed, [the mantras] are successful at all times because of the connection with vigour”.

context information

Mantrashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, mantraśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mantras—chants, incantations, spells, magical hymns, etc. Mantra Sastra literature includes many ancient books dealing with the methods reciting mantras, identifying and purifying its defects and the science behind uttering or chanting syllables.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Gocara (गोचर) refers to “having experienced (love)”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “Is not love experienced (gocara) by those who are ignorant of, the science of Erotics? Still the sages have written on the science for its thorough realization. In the same manner, though the delights of hunting are well known even to men of no intelligence, still hunting affords peculiar delight to the mind of one who knows the science of hawking. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

Spot whose we are experienced about. Spot that has already been used for something, spot where we are used to and which is convenient for doing something.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

1) Gocara (गोचर) or Gocaramārga refers to “perceptual objects”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly as The Lord said: “Śāriputra, the Tathāgata Ekaratnavyūha, seating in the lion’s throne thus, explained the dharma-seal called Gaganapariśuddhi to these Bodhisattvas, which has thirty-two aspects of entrance. What is this Dharma-seal called Gaganapariśuddhi which has thirty-two aspects of entrance? [...] 13) all dharmas are not manifested anywhere since they completely transcend the perceptual objects (gocara-mārga); 14) all dharmas are without objects because of their purity of inner and outer; [...]”.

2) Gocara (गोचर) refers to a “realm”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā.—Accordingly, “[...] Then again, the Bodhisattva, the great being Gaganagañja uttered these verses to that Bodhisattva, the great being Guṇarājaprabhāsa: ‘(24) [...] The one who is pure in his religious vows (vrata) in the realm (gocara) of precepts (vidhi), whose thought is like open space because of his purified intensions, and who is not moving, stabilized like Meru, for the sake of them I ask the Lord for his imperturbable activity. [...]’”.

3) Gaṇanā (गणना) refers to the “space of objects”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā.—Accordingly, “[...] In what is beyond darkness, beyond manifestation, without basis and blindness, in what is the deep and highest truth, there is no sight or cessation of sight, up to and including no mind or cessation of mind, that is the space of objects (gocara) where there is no calculation (gaṇanā). That which makes the space of objects (gocara), being a space without objects, that is the highest truth, and that is why it is called ‘profound’. Because it cannot be grasped by thought and mind, it is difficult to understand, difficult to see, and difficult to comprehend. [...]”.

4) Gocara (गोचर) or Sugocara refers to “dwelling (in the wilderness or forest)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā.—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, sixty koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having stood up from the congregation, joined their palms, paid homage to the Lord, and then uttered these verses in one voice: ‘[...] (218) Giving up the society of householders, with small properties and few duties, dwelling in wilderness or forest (prāntāraṇya-sugocara), we will become like deers. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Gocara.—(EI 15; Chamba), pasture land. (LP), a tax for allowing cattle to graze in the pasture land. Note: gocara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gocara : (m.) pasture; fodder; food (in common); sense object; suitable place.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gōcara (गोचर).—m (S) An object of sense;--as sound, shape, color.

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gōcara (गोचर).—a (S) In comp. Perceived or perceivable by the mind or by an organ of sense. Ex. dṛṣṭigō- cara. karṇagōcara, indriyagōcara, manōgōcara.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gōcara (गोचर).—m An object of sense. a In comp. Perceivable by the mind or by an organ of sense.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gocara (गोचर).—a.

1) grazed over by cattle.

2) frequenting, dwelling, resorting to, haunting पितृसद्मगोचरः (pitṛsadmagocaraḥ) Kumārasambhava 5.77.

3) within the scope, power, or range of; अवाङ्मनसगोचरम् (avāṅmanasagocaram) R.1.15; so बुद्धि°, दृष्टि°, श्रवण° स्वगोचरे दीप्ततरा बभूव (buddhi°, dṛṣṭi°, śravaṇa° svagocare dīptatarā babhūva) Bu. Ch.1.13.

4) moving on earth.

5) accessible to, attainable; त्याग- सूक्ष्मानुगः क्षेम्यः शौचगो ध्यागोचरः (tyāga- sūkṣmānugaḥ kṣemyaḥ śaucago dhyāgocaraḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.236.12.

6) circulating, having a particular meaning, prevalent. (-raḥ) 1 the range of cattle, pasturage; उपारताः पश्चिम- रात्रिगोचरात् (upāratāḥ paścima- rātrigocarāt) Kirātārjunīya 4.1.

2) (a) a district, department, province, sphere. (b) an abode, dwelling-place, a place of resort; Śiśupālavadha 1.21; Manusmṛti 1.39.

3) range of the organs of sense, an object of sense; श्रवणगोचरे तिष्ठ (śravaṇagocare tiṣṭha) be within ear-shot; नयनगोचरं या (nayanagocaraṃ yā) to become visible.

4) scope, range, in general; हर्तुर्याति न गोचरम् (harturyāti na gocaram) Bhartṛhari 2.16.

5) (fig.) grip, hold, power, influence, control; कः कालस्य न गोचरा- न्तरगतः (kaḥ kālasya na gocarā- ntaragataḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.146; गोचरीभूतमक्ष्णोः (gocarībhūtamakṣṇoḥ) Uttararāmacarita 6.26; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.24; अपि नाम मनागवतीर्णोऽसि रतिरमणबाणगोचरम् (api nāma manāgavatīrṇo'si ratiramaṇabāṇagocaram) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.

6) horizon.

7) field for action, scope; इन्द्रियाणि हयानाहुर्विषयांस्तेषु गोचरान् (indriyāṇi hayānāhurviṣayāṃsteṣu gocarān) Kaṭh.3.4.

8) the range of the planets from the Lagna or from each other. °pīḍā inauspicious position of stars within the ecliptic; गोचर- पीडायामपि राशिर्बलिभिः शुभग्रहैर्दृष्टः (gocara- pīḍāyāmapi rāśirbalibhiḥ śubhagrahairdṛṣṭaḥ) (pīḍāṃ na karoti) Bṛ.S.41.13. (gocarīkṛ to place within the range (of sight), make current).

Gocara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and cara (चर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gocara (गोचर).—m., (1) as in Sanskrit, scope, range: Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 1.11 svacitta-dṛśya-gocara-parijñāna-, knowledge of what has as its scope things perceptible to their own minds (Suzuki, …the objective world as the manifestation of their own Mind, which is not what the words say); pratyātma-gati- gocaram, what has as its scope the course of the individual self, Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 4.16; 5.5; 7.8, 11; atra gambhīre buddha- gocare Śikṣāsamuccaya 174.9, in regard to this profound sphere (range, scope) of the Buddha(s); similarly tathāgatagocarābhirataḥ Lalitavistara 180.13; dhyāna-gocarāṇāṃ…laukikasamādhīnāṃ Lalitavistara 244.4; etc., common, but hardly transcending Sanskrit limits; (2) (also quite close to Sanskrit usage, but closer to Pali locutions), association, the range of persons with whom one associates; in composition or parallel with ācāra, right con- duct; so also in Pali, ācāra-gocara-(dvandva! as all comms. agree; [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] wrongly)-saṃpanna, perfect in conduct and personal associations, fully explained Vism. 17 f., where proper gocara is defined as avoiding the company of immoral persons, kings and courtiers, heretics, and im- pious families; so in Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 275.6 a Bodhisattva must be ācāra- gocara-pratiṣṭhita, fixed in (right) conduct and associations, which, as the following makes clear, means (besides good conduct, ācāra) avoidance of kings and courtiers, heretics, worldlings, or even followers of the Hīnayāna (276.1—11, in response to 275.11 katamaś ca…bodhisattvasya… gocaraḥ); in this sense, saṃtoṣaṇīyā me sabrahmacāriṇo, yad uta tena tenācāra-gocara-samudācāreṇeti nihatamāno bhavati (does samudācāra, as third member of the [compound], mean address, manner of speaking to people?) Śikṣāsamuccaya 150.21; probably also saṃgaṇikayāpi vivekagocaraḥ Śikṣāsamuccaya 202.20, even with company, he is in association with solitude, i.e. he is not contaminated or distracted by crowds; (3) (= Pali id.) sustenance, provisions, food; particularly used (as in Pali) of food for monks: supriyā śrāvastīm abhisam- [Page215-b+ 71] prasthitā gocaravyavalokanārthaṃ Avadāna-śataka ii.9.1; (pātracī- varam ādāya) śrāvastīṃ gocarāya prasthitaḥ 114.9; gocara-grāma (= Pali °gāma), sustenance-village, a vil- lage where food is supplied to monks, Mahāvastu ii.123.19; 127.14; 129.1; 130.4; 131.4; Lalitavistara 248.9 (read °grāmaṃ with ms. A for ed. °grāmāṃ); 255.3; 267.12; Avadāna-śataka ii.145.3; 164.6. Cf. also gocarika (1).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gocara (गोचर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. An object of sense, as sound, shape, colour, &c. 2. A. country, a district. 3. The house or mansion of a planet, or its presence in any sign which is that of a person’s nativity. 4. Pasturage. E. go an organ of sense, &c. and cara what goes, from car to go, nipātane ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gocara (गोचर).—[go-cara], m. 1. Pasture ground; in adbhuta-, adj. Having excellent pasture ground, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 44, 80. 2. Stay, abode; used only as latter part of comp. adj., e. g. vana-, Inhabiting woods, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 259; ākāśa-, Moving in the air, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 3, 35. śarīrāntara-, Being in the body, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 101, 30; yauvana-, Being in one’s youth, Mahābhārata 1, 3168. 3. Reach, province; hartur yāti na gocaram, Comes not within the reach of a robber, i. e. cannot be robbed, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 49; vāṇa-, m. The reach of an arrow-shot, Mahābhārata 1, 2833; a-vāṅ-manasa-, adj. Within the reach neither of speech nor thought, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 202, 3. 4. The range of the eyes, Mahābhārata 7, 5616. 5. An object of sense, as sound, shape, etc., [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 13, 5. 6. An object of devotion, Mahābhārata 13, 4349.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gocara (गोचर).—[masculine] reach, scope, sphere, range (lit. field for cattle); adj. being within range or reach of, subject to, accessible, perceptible, attainable by (—° or [genetive]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gocara (गोचर):—[=go-cara] [from go] m. pasture ground for cattle, [Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra i, 2, 4]

2) [v.s. ...] ([Rāmāyaṇa iv, 44, 80])

3) [v.s. ...] range, field for action, abode, dwelling-place, district ([especially] ifc. ‘abiding in, relating to’; ‘offering range or field or scope for action, within the range of, accessible, attainable, within the power’), [Kaṭha-upaniṣad iii, 4; Manu-smṛti x, 39; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] the range of the organs of sense, object of sense, anything perceptible by the senses, [especially] the range of the eye (e.g. locana-gocaraṃ-√yā, to come within range of the eye, become visible, [Pañcatantra]), [Mahābhārata vii, 5616; Suśruta; Vikramorvaśī iv, 9 etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] the distance of the planets from the Lagna and from each other, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā civ, 2; Romakasiddhānta]

6) [v.s. ...] (also) a place where birds are fed, [Jātakamālā]

7) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. being within the range of, attainable for ([genitive case]), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 25, 28]

8) [v.s. ...] perceptible ([especially] to the eye), [Mahābhārata xiii, 71, 33 and 91, 24]

9) [v.s. ...] having (or used in) the meaning of ([locative case]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc. [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gocara (गोचर):—[go-cara] (raḥ) 1. m. Object of sense; district; house; pasture.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gocara (गोचर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Goara, Goyara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gocara in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Gocara (गोचर) [Also spelled gochar]:—(a) perceptible, experienced through the senses; hence ~[] (nf).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gōcara (ಗೋಚರ):—

1) [adjective] ranged, travelled over or through, roamed about, by cattle.

2) [adjective] that can be or is seen, perceived, observed; seen; visible; apparent.

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Gōcara (ಗೋಚರ):—

1) [noun] a tract of grassland, whose grass is grown for use as hay; a meadow; a pasture-land.

2) [noun] a large and indefinite part of the surface of the earth; a district; a region.

3) [noun] a place of dwelling; a house.

4) [noun] ಗೋಚರವಾಗು [gocaravagu] gōcaravāgu to be seen; to appear; to become visible.

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Gōcāra (ಗೋಚಾರ):—

1) [noun] the movement of cattle.

2) [noun] (astrol.) a moving, actual or apparent, of celestial bodies esp. of those planets whose influence on human beings is believed to change according to such movements.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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