Gocara, Go-cara: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Gocara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Gochara.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

Spot whose we are experienced about. Spot that has already been used for something, spot where we are used to and which is convenient for doing something.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Gocara.—(EI 15; Chamba), pasture land. (LP), a tax for allowing cattle to graze in the pasture land. Note: gocara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gocara : (m.) pasture; fodder; food (in common); sense object; suitable place.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gōcara (गोचर).—m (S) An object of sense;--as sound, shape, color.

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gōcara (गोचर).—a (S) In comp. Perceived or perceivable by the mind or by an organ of sense. Ex. dṛṣṭigō- cara. karṇagōcara, indriyagōcara, manōgōcara.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gōcara (गोचर).—m An object of sense. a In comp. Perceivable by the mind or by an organ of sense.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gocara (गोचर).—a.

1) grazed over by cattle.

2) frequenting, dwelling, resorting to, haunting पितृसद्मगोचरः (pitṛsadmagocaraḥ) Ku.5.77.

3) within the scope, power, or range of; अवाङ्मनसगोचरम् (avāṅmanasagocaram) R.1.15; so बुद्धि°, दृष्टि°, श्रवण° स्वगोचरे दीप्ततरा बभूव (buddhi°, dṛṣṭi°, śravaṇa° svagocare dīptatarā babhūva) Bu. Ch.1.13.

4) moving on earth.

5) accessible to, attainable; त्याग- सूक्ष्मानुगः क्षेम्यः शौचगो ध्यागोचरः (tyāga- sūkṣmānugaḥ kṣemyaḥ śaucago dhyāgocaraḥ) Mb.12.236.12.

6) circulating, having a particular meaning, prevalent. (-raḥ) 1 the range of cattle, pasturage; उपारताः पश्चिम- रात्रिगोचरात् (upāratāḥ paścima- rātrigocarāt) Ki.4.1.

2) (a) a district, department, province, sphere. (b) an abode, dwelling-place, a place of resort; Śi.1.21; Ms.1.39.

3) range of the organs of sense, an object of sense; श्रवणगोचरे तिष्ठ (śravaṇagocare tiṣṭha) be within ear-shot; नयनगोचरं या (nayanagocaraṃ yā) to become visible.

4) scope, range, in general; हर्तुर्याति न गोचरम् (harturyāti na gocaram) Bh.2.16.

5) (fig.) grip, hold, power, influence, control; कः कालस्य न गोचरा- न्तरगतः (kaḥ kālasya na gocarā- ntaragataḥ) Pt.1.146; गोचरीभूतमक्ष्णोः (gocarībhūtamakṣṇoḥ) U.6.26; Māl.5.24; अपि नाम मनागवतीर्णोऽसि रतिरमणबाणगोचरम् (api nāma manāgavatīrṇo'si ratiramaṇabāṇagocaram) Māl.1.

6) horizon.

7) field for action, scope; इन्द्रियाणि हयानाहुर्विषयांस्तेषु गोचरान् (indriyāṇi hayānāhurviṣayāṃsteṣu gocarān) Kaṭh.3.4.

8) the range of the planets from the Lagna or from each other. °pīḍā inauspicious position of stars within the ecliptic; गोचर- पीडायामपि राशिर्बलिभिः शुभग्रहैर्दृष्टः (gocara- pīḍāyāmapi rāśirbalibhiḥ śubhagrahairdṛṣṭaḥ) (pīḍāṃ na karoti) Bṛ.S.41.13. (gocarīkṛ to place within the range (of sight), make current).

Gocara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and cara (चर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gocara (गोचर).—m., (1) as in Sanskrit, scope, range: Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 1.11 svacitta-dṛśya-gocara-parijñāna-, knowledge of what has as its scope things perceptible to their own minds (Suzuki, …the objective world as the manifestation of their own Mind, which is not what the words say); pratyātma-gati- gocaram, what has as its scope the course of the individual self, Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 4.16; 5.5; 7.8, 11; atra gambhīre buddha- gocare Śikṣāsamuccaya 174.9, in regard to this profound sphere (range, scope) of the Buddha(s); similarly tathāgatagocarābhirataḥ Lalitavistara 180.13; dhyāna-gocarāṇāṃ…laukikasamādhīnāṃ Lalitavistara 244.4; etc., common, but hardly transcending Sanskrit limits; (2) (also quite close to Sanskrit usage, but closer to Pali locutions), association, the range of persons with whom one associates; in composition or parallel with ācāra, right con- duct; so also in Pali, ācāra-gocara-(dvandva! as all comms. agree; [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] wrongly)-saṃpanna, perfect in conduct and personal associations, fully explained Vism. 17 f., where proper gocara is defined as avoiding the company of immoral persons, kings and courtiers, heretics, and im- pious families; so in Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 275.6 a Bodhisattva must be ācāra- gocara-pratiṣṭhita, fixed in (right) conduct and associations, which, as the following makes clear, means (besides good conduct, ācāra) avoidance of kings and courtiers, heretics, worldlings, or even followers of the Hīnayāna (276.1—11, in response to 275.11 katamaś ca…bodhisattvasya… gocaraḥ); in this sense, saṃtoṣaṇīyā me sabrahmacāriṇo, yad uta tena tenācāra-gocara-samudācāreṇeti nihatamāno bhavati (does samudācāra, as third member of the [compound], mean address, manner of speaking to people?) Śikṣāsamuccaya 150.21; probably also saṃgaṇikayāpi vivekagocaraḥ Śikṣāsamuccaya 202.20, even with company, he is in association with solitude, i.e. he is not contaminated or distracted by crowds; (3) (= Pali id.) sustenance, provisions, food; particularly used (as in Pali) of food for monks: supriyā śrāvastīm abhisam- [Page215-b+ 71] prasthitā gocaravyavalokanārthaṃ Avadāna-śataka ii.9.1; (pātracī- varam ādāya) śrāvastīṃ gocarāya prasthitaḥ 114.9; gocara-grāma (= Pali °gāma), sustenance-village, a vil- lage where food is supplied to monks, Mahāvastu ii.123.19; 127.14; 129.1; 130.4; 131.4; Lalitavistara 248.9 (read °grāmaṃ with ms. A for ed. °grāmāṃ); 255.3; 267.12; Avadāna-śataka ii.145.3; 164.6. Cf. also gocarika (1).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gocara (गोचर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. An object of sense, as sound, shape, colour, &c. 2. A. country, a district. 3. The house or mansion of a planet, or its presence in any sign which is that of a person’s nativity. 4. Pasturage. E. go an organ of sense, &c. and cara what goes, from car to go, nipātane ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gocara (गोचर).—[go-cara], m. 1. Pasture ground; in adbhuta-, adj. Having excellent pasture ground, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 44, 80. 2. Stay, abode; used only as latter part of comp. adj., e. g. vana-, Inhabiting woods, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 259; ākāśa-, Moving in the air, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 3, 35. śarīrāntara-, Being in the body, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 101, 30; yauvana-, Being in one’s youth, Mahābhārata 1, 3168. 3. Reach, province; hartur yāti na gocaram, Comes not within the reach of a robber, i. e. cannot be robbed, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 49; vāṇa-, m. The reach of an arrow-shot, Mahābhārata 1, 2833; a-vāṅ-manasa-, adj. Within the reach neither of speech nor thought, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 202, 3. 4. The range of the eyes, Mahābhārata 7, 5616. 5. An object of sense, as sound, shape, etc., [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 13, 5. 6. An object of devotion, Mahābhārata 13, 4349.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gocara (गोचर).—[masculine] reach, scope, sphere, range (lit. field for cattle); adj. being within range or reach of, subject to, accessible, perceptible, attainable by (—° or [genetive]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gocara (गोचर):—[=go-cara] [from go] m. pasture ground for cattle, [Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra i, 2, 4]

2) [v.s. ...] ([Rāmāyaṇa iv, 44, 80])

3) [v.s. ...] range, field for action, abode, dwelling-place, district ([especially] ifc. ‘abiding in, relating to’; ‘offering range or field or scope for action, within the range of, accessible, attainable, within the power’), [Kaṭha-upaniṣad iii, 4; Manu-smṛti x, 39; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] the range of the organs of sense, object of sense, anything perceptible by the senses, [especially] the range of the eye (e.g. locana-gocaraṃ-√yā, to come within range of the eye, become visible, [Pañcatantra]), [Mahābhārata vii, 5616; Suśruta; Vikramorvaśī iv, 9 etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] the distance of the planets from the Lagna and from each other, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā civ, 2; Romakasiddhānta]

6) [v.s. ...] (also) a place where birds are fed, [Jātakamālā]

7) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. being within the range of, attainable for ([genitive case]), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 25, 28]

8) [v.s. ...] perceptible ([especially] to the eye), [Mahābhārata xiii, 71, 33 and 91, 24]

9) [v.s. ...] having (or used in) the meaning of ([locative case]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc. [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gocara (गोचर):—[go-cara] (raḥ) 1. m. Object of sense; district; house; pasture.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Gocara (गोचर):—(go + cara) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 119.]

1) adj. f. ā a) von Rindern oder Kühen betreten, besucht: deśaḥ [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher, Scholiast] — b) besucht, betreten, einen Tummelplatz —, einen Aufenthaltsort für Jmd darbietend, Zutritt gestattend, zugänglich, erreichbar für Jmd (gen. oder im comp. vorangehend); eig. und übertr.: (nadīm) adbhutagocarām [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 44, 80.] kakṣāntare pi śuddhānto nṛpasyāsarvagocare [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 14, 68.] kāma [Mahābhārata 3, 15464.] brahma nirguṇaṃ guṇagocaraṃ niṣkalaṃ sakalam [13, 1044.] kāryaṃ strīgocaro (sic) yatsyāt ein Geschäft, bei dem ein Frauenzimmer betheiligt ist, [Cāṇakya 94.] asmadgocara uns zugänglich, in unserer Gewalt stehend [Prabodhacandrodaja 8, 16.] locanagocarā [Bhartṛhari 1, 74.] strīśūdradvijabandhūnāṃ trayī na śrutigocarā [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 4, 25.] kācittvayyucitā bhaktiḥ kīdṛśī mama gocarā [3, 25, 28.] aṣaḍakṣīṇo yastṛtīyādyagocaraḥ [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 1, 22.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 741.] dṛṣṭyagocara den Augen entschwunden [Pañcatantra 106, 13.] avāṅmanasagocara weder durch Worte noch durch den Geist zu erreichen [Vedāntasāra 1, 3.] buddheragocaratayā wegen der Unzugänglichkeit für die Vernunft [Śihlana’s Śāntiśataka 3, 14.] — c) mit dem man in Berührung gekommen ist, bekannt: eṣa kiṃ bhagavadagocaraḥ [Dhūrtasamāgama 94, 7.] — d) Gegenstand der Verehrung seiend: viśve devāśca ye nityaṃ pitṛbhiḥ saha gocarāḥ [Mahābhārata 13, 4349.] śmaśānavāsī bhagavāṃkhacaro gocaro rdanaḥ (śivaḥ) [1147.] Im letzten Beispiel würde auf der Erde wandelnd viell. besser passen. — e) in einer best. Bedeutung (loc.) stehend, die Bedeutung von habend: aṣṭādaśabhya ekādyāḥ saṃkhyāḥ saṃkhyeye gocarāḥ (= vartante) [Vācaspati] beim Sch. zu [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 872.] —

2) m. a) Tummelplatz, Aufenthaltsort, Bereich: indriyāṇi hayānāhurviṣayāṃsteṣu gocarān [Kaṭhopaniṣad 3, 4.] Häufig am Ende eines adj. comp. nach einem Worte, welches den Ort näher bestimmt: śmaśānagocara dessen Aufenthaltsort der Gottesacker ist, auf Gottesäckern weilend [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 10, 39.] [Mahābhārata 13, 2590.] pitṛsadma [Kumārasaṃbhava 5, 77.] vana [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8. 259.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 150.] [Mahābhārata 3, 304. 416. 12, 3694. 13, 4597.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 7, 14. 17.] vanagocarā [2, 30, 14.] giri [Mahābhārata 3, 1600. 16043.] rājakulagocarāḥ (vihagāḥ) [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 65, 5.] gahana [85, 5.] abhra [Mahābhārata 1, 1255.] śarīrāntara [13, 2323.] [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 101. 30.] vāyurākāśagocaraḥ [5, 3, 35.] prāṇo nāsāgrahṛnnābhipādāṅguṣṭhāntagocaraḥ [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1108.] adūra sich in der Nähe aufhaltend, sich nicht weithin entfernend [Suśruta 1, 207, 5.] samīpodaka ein in der Nähe gelegenes Wasser besuchend [204, 7.] dūre pānīyagocarāḥ [5.] Uneig.: yauvana im Jünglingsalter stehend [Mahābhārata 1, 3168. 3, 17146.] siṃhaśārdūlanāgādyāḥ puṃsi śreṣṭhārthagocarāḥ in der Bedeutung von Bester stehend, die Bed. von B. habend (in ganz ähnlicher Verbindung steht gocara als adj. mit dem loc.; s. u.1,e.) [Amarakoṣa.3,2,9.] In Verb. mit einem gen. oder im comp. nach einem im gen. gedachten Worte: nīcasya gocaragataiḥ sukhamāsyate kaiḥ sich im Bereich eines Gemeinen befindend, mit einem Gemeinen in Berührung gekommen [Bhartṛhari 2, 49.] harturyāti na gocaraṃ kommt nicht in den Bereich des Räubers, kann nicht geraubt werden [13.] kaḥ kālasya na gocarāntaragataḥ im Bereich —, in der Hand der Zeit stehend [Pañcatantra I, 162.] sa gāmudastātsalilasya gocare vinyasya [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 18, 8.] vāṇa der Bereich eines Pfeils, Pfeilschussweite: vāṇagocarasaṃprāpta [Mahābhārata 1, 2833.] vāṇagocaramāgatān [Duaupadīpramātha 8, 28.] vyādhānāṃ śaragocarādatijavenotplutya dhāvanmṛgaḥ [Pañcatantra II, 86.] api nāma manāgavatīrṇo si ratiramaṇavāṇagocaram [MĀLATĪM. 13, 4.] kabandhāṅkagocaraḥ der nächste, unmittelbare Bereich des Kabandha, die nächste Berührung mit dem K. [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 74] in der Unterschr. Der Bereich der Sinnesorgane (vgl. oben die Stelle aus der [Kaṭhopaniṣad]), die Objecte der Sinnesorgane, insbes. der Bereich des Auges, der Gesichtskreis, = viṣaya, indriyārtha [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 4, 17.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1384.] pañca cendriyagocarāḥ [Bhagavadgītā 13, 5.] samīpasthāni dūre ca (manyate) dṛṣṭergocaravibhramāt [Suśruta 2, 316, 2.] yāti locanagocaram zu Gesicht kommen [Pañcatantra V, 82.] nāsya dṛṣṭigocare gacchāmi [21, 4. 127, 25.] yāvadeṣaḥ dṛṣṭigocarānna nīyate [146, 2.] ihānayata maddṛṣṭigocaram [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 18, 34.] sā cātyantamagocaraṃ nayanayoryātā [Vikramorvaśī 72.] Daher schlechtweg Gesichtskreis: so pakramya muhūrtaṃ tu bhīmasenasya gocarāt [Mahābhārata 7, 5616.] citraṃ yacchvāpado pyenāṃ patitāmapi gocare . nāvadhīt [Kathāsaritsāgara 9, 60.] kathaṃ śrīmaddevapādānāmagocareṇaivaṃ kriyate hinter dem Rücken von [Hitopadeśa 60, 11.] agocarahataṃ vyāḍamṛditaṃ māṃsamutsṛjet [Rājavallabha im Śabdakalpadruma] u. agocara. gocarīkṛta zum Object der Wahrnehmung gemacht [Sāhityadarpana 31, 12.] — b) die Entfernung der Planeten vom Lagna oder von einander [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 104, 2.] gocaraphala oder gocarādhyāya Name des 104ten Adhyāya ebend. [107, 12.] pīḍā (Gegens. iṣṭasthāna) die ungünstigen Entfernungen, Stellungen auf der Ekliptik (auf eine günstige folgt stets eine ungünstige) [40 (39), 13.]

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Gocara (गोचर):—, die ursprüngliche Bed. des Wortes ist Weideplatz (vgl. car weiden) für Kühe; es ist stets subst. und zwar ursprünglich masc., richtet sich aber bisweilen, wie pradhāna und pramāṇa, nach dem Geschlechte des Wortes, auf welches es als Attribut oder Prädicat bezogen wird.

1) b) kaḥ kālasya na gocaraḥ was steht nicht im Bereich der Zeit? was ist nicht erreichbar für die Zeit? [Kathāsaritsāgara 60, 140.] vācāmagocaracaritravicitrita für Worte nicht zugänglich, mit Worten nicht zu beschreiben [Spr. 2957.] pitṛ so v. a. dem Willen des Vaters folgend [KĀM. NĪTIS. 7, 8.] yadyapi brahma pramāṇāntaragocaratāṃ nāvatarati das Unterworfensein, Unterliegen [SARVADARŚANAS. 60, 20. 47, 5. Z. 4] adbhutagocarā [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 44, 80] kann bedeuten wunderbare Weideplätze habend (so [BENFEY]) oder voller Wunder. — c) tvameva cātakādhāra iti keṣāṃ na gocaraḥ so v. a. wem ist es nicht bekannt (eig. für wen ist es nicht im Bereich des Wissens), dass u.s.w. [Spr. 1081.] — d) in der ersten Stelle kann das Wort auftretend, erscheinend bedeuten; an der zweiten Stelle erklärt [Nīlakaṇṭha] : goṣu indriyeṣu viṣayatayā caratīti vā gobhiḥ karaṇairvā carati viṣayānbhuṅkta iti vā gocaraḥ sarvātmatvātsarvendriyagamyaḥ indriyadvārā viṣayabhugiti vārthaḥ . —

2) a) vāyu ein Tummelplatz —, ein Gebiet des Windes, = vāyumārga [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 23, 4, 7.] jagaduddhāra adj. comp. die Erlösung der Welt betreffend [Lassen’s Anthologie (II) 88, 7.] — b) [Oxforder Handschriften 332,a,36. 335, No. 787. fg.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Gocara (गोचर):——

1) m. — a) *Weideplatz für Rinder. — b) Tummelplatz , Aufenthaltsort , Bereich , Gebiet. am Ende eines adj. Comp. (f. ā) so v.a. weilend — , sich aufhaltend in oder auf , sich befindend in , sich beziehend auf. śreṣṭhārtha so v.a. die Bedeutung von śreṣṭha habend. — c) Gesichtskreis. — d) eine bekannte Sache für (Gen.) [Indische sprüche 2661.] — e) die Entfernung der Planeten vom Lagna oder von einander [Varāhamihira’s Yogayātrā 5,22.] pīḍā f. die ungünstigen Entfernungen — , Stellungen auf der Ekliptik.

2) Adj. (f. ā) — a) im Bereich stehend von , zugänglich — , erreichbar für , in der Gewalt stehend von (Gen. oder im Comp. vorangehend). — b) dem Auge zugänglich , sinnlich wahrnehmbar [Mahābhārata 13,17,33.91,24.] — c) Mit einem Loc. in der Bedeutung von — auftretend , — gebraucht.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Gocara (गोचर) [Also spelled gochar]:—(a) perceptible, experienced through the senses; hence ~[] (nf).

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