Subhaga, Subhagā, Shubhaga, Śubhaga, Shubha-ga, Su-bhaga: 23 definitions


Subhaga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śubhaga can be transliterated into English as Subhaga or Shubhaga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā

Subhagā (सुभगा):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Piṇḍa, the seventh seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (eg. Subhagā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Subhaga (सुभग) or Subhagāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Cintyāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Subhaga Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Cintya-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Subhagā (सुभगा, “Possessing Good Fortune, Blessed”):—One of the female offspring from Mahāsarasvatī (sattva-form of Mahādevī). Mahāsarasvatī is one of the three primary forms of Devī, the other two being Mahālakṣmī and Mahākālī. Not to be confused with Sarasvatī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named sattva. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Subhagā (सुभगा) is another name for Tulasī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Ocimum tenuiflorum (holy basil), from the Lamiaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 10.148-149), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Subhagā (सुभगा) is another name for Śāliparṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Desmodium gangeticum (sal leaved desmodium), from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.17-20 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Subhagā and Śāliparṇī, there are a total of twenty-nine Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Subhagā (सुभगा) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Subhagā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Subhaga (सुभग).—A brother of Śakuni. He was killed in the great war by Bhīma. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 157, Verse 26).

2) Subhagā (सुभगा).—Daughter of Kaśyapaprajāpati by his wife Pradhā. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Verse 46).

3) Subhagā (सुभगा).—A term of address.

According to Manusmṛti (Chapter 2, 129) one should use this word when one addresses the wives of others and women who are not one’s relatives.

Parapatnī tu yā strī syādasambandhā ca yonitaḥ /

Tām brūyād bhavatītyevaṃ subhage bhaginīti ca //

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Subhagā (सुभगा).—A daughter of Risṭa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 13.

1b) A Śakti;1 a mind-born mother.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 75;
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 179. 14.

1c) An Apsaras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 48.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Subhagā (सुभगा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.44, I.65, IX.45.17). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Subhagā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Subhāga (सुभाग) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Subhāga (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a horse. A fruit is in his right hand and a viṇā is in his left hand.

The illustrations (of, for example Subhāga) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A son of the Naga king, Dhatarattha. See the Bhuridatta Jataka. He is identified with Moggallana.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Subhagā (सुभगा) is one of the twenty-four Goddesses surrounding Buddhakapāla in the buddhakapālamaṇḍala, according to the 5th-century Sādhanamālā (a collection of sādhana texts that contain detailed instructions for rituals).—Buddhakapāla refers to one of the various emanations of Akṣobhya and the sādhana says that when Heruka is embraced by Citrasenā he gets the name of Buddhakapāla.—Subhagā in the northern gate-guardian. She has a blue colour two arms, one face, ornaments of bones, brown hair rising upwards but no garlands of heads. She  carries the kapāla in the left and the kartri in the right, and dances in the ardhaparyaṅka attitude.

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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Subhaga (सुभग, “fortunate”) refers to one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by the fortunate (subhaga) body-making karma? The rise of which causes a living being to be loved by others is called fortunate body-making karmas. 

The opposite-pair of subhaga (fortunate) is durbhaga (misfortunate).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Subhaga in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

subhaga : (adj.) lucky; fortunate.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Subhaga, (adj.) (su+bhaga) lucky; °karaṇa making happy or beloved (by charms) D. I, 11; DA. I, 96.—Der. Sobhagga (Page 719)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

subhaga (सुभग).—a S Of favorable or auspicious fortune or destiny.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

subhaga (सुभग).—a Of favourable fortune.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śubhaga (शुभग).—a.

1) elegant, graceful.

2) propitious, fortunate.

Śubhaga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śubha and ga (ग).

--- OR ---

Subhaga (सुभग).—a.

1) very fortunate or prosperous, happy, blessed, highly favoured.

2) lovely, charming, beautiful, pretty; न तु ग्रीष्मस्यैवं सुभगमपराद्धं युवतिषु (na tu grīṣmasyaivaṃ subhagamaparāddhaṃ yuvatiṣu) Ś.3.9; Ku.4.34; R.11.8; Māl.9.

3) pleasant, grateful, agreeable, sweet; दिवसाः सुभगा- दित्याश्छायासलिलदुर्भगाः (divasāḥ subhagā- dityāśchāyāsaliladurbhagāḥ) Rām.3.16.1; श्रवणसुभग (śravaṇasubhaga) M.3.4; Ś.1.3.

4) beloved, liked, amiable, dear; सुमुखि सुभगः पश्यन् स त्वामुपैतु कृतार्थताम् (sumukhi subhagaḥ paśyan sa tvāmupaitu kṛtārthatām) Gīt.5.

5) illustrious. (-gaḥ) 1 borax.

2) the Aśoka tree.

3) the Champaka tree.

4) red amarnath.

-gam good fortune. °मानिन्, सुभगं- मन्य (mānin, subhagaṃ- manya) a.

Subhaga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and bhaga (भग).

--- OR ---

Subhagā (सुभगा).—

1) a woman beloved by her husband, a favourite wife.

2) an honoured mother.

3) a kind of wild jasmine.

4) turmeric.

5) the Priyaṅgu creeper.

6) the holy basil.

7) a woman having her husband alive (saubhāgyavatī); जयशब्दैर्द्विजाग्र्याणां सुभगानर्तितै- स्तथा (jayaśabdairdvijāgryāṇāṃ subhagānartitai- stathā) Mb.7.7.9.

8) a five-year old girl representing Durgā at festivals.

9) musk. °सुत (suta) the son of a favourite wife.

Subhagā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and bhagā (भगा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Subhaga (सुभग).—m., name of a kalpa: Gaṇḍavyūha 446.24.

--- OR ---

Subhagā (सुभगा).—name of a female doorkeeper (dvārapālinī): Sādhanamālā 502.14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śubhaga (शुभग).—mfn.

(-gaḥ-gā-gaṃ) 1. Elegant, graceful. 2. Fortunate, propitious. E. śubha, and gam to go or obtain, ḍa aff.

--- OR ---

Subhaga (सुभग).—mfn.

(-gaḥ-gā-gaṃ) 1. Pleasing to the eye, grateful to the site. 2. Beloved, liked. 3. Fortunate, auspicious. m.

(-gaḥ) 1. Borax. 2. The Asoka tree. 3. The champaka, (Michelia champaca.) 4. Red amaranth. f.

(-gā) 1. A woman beloved by her husband, a favourite wife. 2. A respectable and auspicious mother. 3. A wild variety of Arabian jasmine. 4. Turmeric. 5. Holy basil. 6. A shrub, (Hedysarum Gangeticum.) n.

(-gaṃ) Good fortune. E. su good, excellent, and bhaga fortune, beauty, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Subhaga (सुभग).—I. adj., f. . 1. fortunate, Chr. 287, 7 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 7. 2. beautiful, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 123; lovely, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 3; charming, [distich] 57. 3. beloved, amiable, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 129. Ii. m. 1. the Aśoka tree. 2. the Champaca, Micelia campaka. Iii. f. . 1. a favourite woman. 2. a respectable mother. 3. the name of several plants. Iv. n. fortune, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 184, 19.

— Cf. [Gothic.] ga-bigs.

Subhaga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and bhaga (भग).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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