Subhaga, Subhagā, Śubhaga, Shubhaga: 40 definitions


Subhaga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śubhaga can be transliterated into English as Subhaga or Shubhaga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Subhag.

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā

Subhagā (सुभगा):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Piṇḍa, the seventh seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (e.g. Subhagā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Subhaga (सुभग) or Subhagāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Cintyāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Subhaga Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Cintya-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Subhagā (सुभगा) refers to one of the four Dūtīs associated with Tumburu, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 11.1-24ab, while describing the appearance and worship of Tumburu]—“[...] [He worships] Deva as Tumburu in the middle of an eight petaled lotus, in the maṇḍala, [starting] in the East, O Devī. [...] Devīs and Dūtis stand in all directions, beginning in the East, etc. Thus, the female servants are in their proper places at the entries [of the maṇḍala]. The Dūtīs are called Jambhanī, Mohanī, Subhagā, and Durbhagā. The servants are called Krodhana, Vṛntaka, Gajakarṇa, and Mahābala. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Subhagā (सुभगा, “Possessing Good Fortune, Blessed”):—One of the female offspring from Mahāsarasvatī (sattva-form of Mahādevī). Mahāsarasvatī is one of the three primary forms of Devī, the other two being Mahālakṣmī and Mahākālī. Not to be confused with Sarasvatī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named sattva. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Subhagā (सुभगा) is the name of the Goddes in her first of seven births, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as the Lord said to Bhadrakālī: “[...] (Coming from) Himavat’s house you were married (to me) for seven rebirths. In the first (birth your) name (was) Subhagā and Kāladūtī in the second birth. You (were) Revatī in the third and Mokṣalakṣmī in the fourth. You (were) Durga in the fifth birth and Jayeśvarī in the sixth. In the previous birth—the seventh—you (were) Umā, my favourite. You became my wife on Himavat’s mountain. [...]”.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha

Subhagā (सुभगा) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Subhagā] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Subhagā (सुभगा) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Subhagā]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Subhagā (सुभगा) is another name for Tulasī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Ocimum tenuiflorum (holy basil), from the Lamiaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 10.148-149), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Subhagā (सुभगा) is another name for Śāliparṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Desmodium gangeticum (sal leaved desmodium), from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.17-20 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Subhagā and Śāliparṇī, there are a total of twenty-nine Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Subhagā (सुभगा) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Subhagā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Subhaga (सुभग).—A brother of Śakuni. He was killed in the great war by Bhīma. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 157, Verse 26).

2) Subhagā (सुभगा).—Daughter of Kaśyapaprajāpati by his wife Pradhā. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Verse 46).

3) Subhagā (सुभगा).—A term of address.

According to Manusmṛti (Chapter 2, 129) one should use this word when one addresses the wives of others and women who are not one’s relatives.

Parapatnī tu yā strī syādasambandhā ca yonitaḥ /

Tām brūyād bhavatītyevaṃ subhage bhaginīti ca //

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Subhaga (सुभग) refers to “handsome”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.28 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, after Pārvatī said to her maid: “Saying this, O sage, even as Pārvatī was about to step ahead, the Brahmin manifesting as Śiva clasped his beloved. After assuming the handsome (subhaga) form in the manner Pārvatī had meditated upon and manifesting it to Pārvatī, Śiva addressed her while she stood with her lowered head”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Subhagā (सुभगा).—A daughter of Risṭa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 13.

1b) A Śakti;1 a mind-born mother.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 75;
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 179. 14.

1c) An Apsaras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 48.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Subhagā (सुभगा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.44, I.65, IX.45.17). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Subhagā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Subhāga (सुभाग) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Subhāga (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a horse. A fruit is in his right hand and a viṇā is in his left hand.

The illustrations (of, for example Subhāga) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Subhagā (सुभगा) is the name of an Apabhraṃśa metre classified as Dvipadi (metres with two lines in a stanza) discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Subhagā has 34 mātrās in each of their two lines, formed of 7 caturmātras followed by 1 ṣaṇmātra, the yati being the same as in the last case. Subhagā is not mentioned by Svayambhū.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Subhaga (सुभग) refers to “beautiful (young women)” [?], according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Pūrvaphālguni will delight in dance, in young women (yuvati-subhaga), in music, in painting, in sculpture and in trade; will be dealers in cotton, salt, honey and oil and will be forever in the enjoyment of the vigour of youth. Those who are born on the lunar day of Uttaraphālguni will be mild, cleanly, modest, heretical, generous and learned; will be dealers in grains; will be wealthy, virtuous and in the company of princes. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A son of the Naga king, Dhatarattha. See the Bhuridatta Jataka. He is identified with Moggallana.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Subhagā (सुभगा) is one of the twenty-four Goddesses surrounding Buddhakapāla in the buddhakapālamaṇḍala, according to the 5th-century Sādhanamālā (a collection of sādhana texts that contain detailed instructions for rituals).—Buddhakapāla refers to one of the various emanations of Akṣobhya and the sādhana says that when Heruka is embraced by Citrasenā he gets the name of Buddhakapāla.—Subhagā in the northern gate-guardian. She has a blue colour two arms, one face, ornaments of bones, brown hair rising upwards but no garlands of heads. She  carries the kapāla in the left and the kartri in the right, and dances in the ardhaparyaṅka attitude.

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Subhaga (सुभग) refers to “(most) fortunate”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “In praise (of) Śrī Vajrasattva, highest universal guru, origin of all Buddhas, By various forms, removing darkness and fear, fixed resting on Meru. Dharma sustainer, chief sage, most fortunate victor (vara-subhagajina-vara-subhagaṃ), Vajradhātu mandala, In one form with all bliss, innate bliss, embodied, the cause for liberation”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Subhaga (सुभग, “fortunate”) refers to one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by the fortunate (subhaga) body-making karma? The rise of which causes a living being to be loved by others is called fortunate body-making karmas. 

The opposite-pair of subhaga (fortunate) is durbhaga (misfortunate).

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Subhaga (सुभग) or Subhagatva refers to “prosperity”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Here in the world a whole multitude of objects, and the supremacy that is desired by the chiefs of snakes, men and gods, and other than [that], family, power, prosperity, and wanton women, etc. (subhagatvakulabalasubhagatvoddāmarāmādi) is easily obtained. On the contrary, that very same jewel of enlightenment alone is difficult to obtain. [Thus ends the reflection on] enlightenment”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Subhaga [सुभग] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Barleria cristata L. from the Acanthaceae (Acanthus) family having the following synonyms: Barleria alba, Barleria indica, Barleria napalensis. For the possible medicinal usage of subhaga, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Subhaga [सुभग] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Barleria cristata var. albida Haines from the Acanthaceae (Acanthus) family.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Subhaga in India is the name of a plant defined with Michelia champaca in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Magnolia membranacea P. Parm. (among others).

2) Subhaga is also identified with Saraca indica It has the synonym Jonesia asoca sensu auct. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Ill. Ind. Bot. (1831)
· Synopseos Plantarum (Persoon) (1806)
· Mant. Pl. (1767)
· Bulletin Scientifique de la France et de la Belgique (1895)
· Species Plantarum.
· Plantae Asiaticae Rariores, or ‘Descriptions and figures of a select number of unpublished East Indian plants’ (Wallich) (1831)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Subhaga, for example chemical composition, extract dosage, health benefits, side effects, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Subhaga in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

subhaga : (adj.) lucky; fortunate.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Subhaga, (adj.) (su+bhaga) lucky; °karaṇa making happy or beloved (by charms) D. I, 11; DA. I, 96.—Der. Sobhagga (Page 719)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

subhaga (सुभग).—a S Of favorable or auspicious fortune or destiny.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

subhaga (सुभग).—a Of favourable fortune.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śubhaga (शुभग).—a.

1) elegant, graceful.

2) propitious, fortunate.

Śubhaga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śubha and ga (ग).

--- OR ---

Subhaga (सुभग).—a.

1) very fortunate or prosperous, happy, blessed, highly favoured.

2) lovely, charming, beautiful, pretty; न तु ग्रीष्मस्यैवं सुभगमपराद्धं युवतिषु (na tu grīṣmasyaivaṃ subhagamaparāddhaṃ yuvatiṣu) Ś.3.9; Kumārasambhava 4.34; R.11.8; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.

3) pleasant, grateful, agreeable, sweet; दिवसाः सुभगा- दित्याश्छायासलिलदुर्भगाः (divasāḥ subhagā- dityāśchāyāsaliladurbhagāḥ) Rām.3.16.1; श्रवणसुभग (śravaṇasubhaga) M.3.4; Ś.1.3.

4) beloved, liked, amiable, dear; सुमुखि सुभगः पश्यन् स त्वामुपैतु कृतार्थताम् (sumukhi subhagaḥ paśyan sa tvāmupaitu kṛtārthatām) Gītagovinda 5.

5) illustrious. (-gaḥ) 1 borax.

2) the Aśoka tree.

3) the Champaka tree.

4) red amarnath.

-gam good fortune. °मानिन्, सुभगं- मन्य (mānin, subhagaṃ- manya) a.

Subhaga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and bhaga (भग).

--- OR ---

Subhagā (सुभगा).—

1) a woman beloved by her husband, a favourite wife.

2) an honoured mother.

3) a kind of wild jasmine.

4) turmeric.

5) the Priyaṅgu creeper.

6) the holy basil.

7) a woman having her husband alive (saubhāgyavatī); जयशब्दैर्द्विजाग्र्याणां सुभगानर्तितै- स्तथा (jayaśabdairdvijāgryāṇāṃ subhagānartitai- stathā) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 7.7.9.

8) a five-year old girl representing Durgā at festivals.

9) musk. °सुत (suta) the son of a favourite wife.

Subhagā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and bhagā (भगा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Subhaga (सुभग).—m., name of a kalpa: Gaṇḍavyūha 446.24.

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Subhagā (सुभगा).—name of a female doorkeeper (dvārapālinī): Sādhanamālā 502.14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śubhaga (शुभग).—mfn.

(-gaḥ-gā-gaṃ) 1. Elegant, graceful. 2. Fortunate, propitious. E. śubha, and gam to go or obtain, ḍa aff.

--- OR ---

Subhaga (सुभग).—mfn.

(-gaḥ-gā-gaṃ) 1. Pleasing to the eye, grateful to the site. 2. Beloved, liked. 3. Fortunate, auspicious. m.

(-gaḥ) 1. Borax. 2. The Asoka tree. 3. The champaka, (Michelia champaca.) 4. Red amaranth. f.

(-gā) 1. A woman beloved by her husband, a favourite wife. 2. A respectable and auspicious mother. 3. A wild variety of Arabian jasmine. 4. Turmeric. 5. Holy basil. 6. A shrub, (Hedysarum Gangeticum.) n.

(-gaṃ) Good fortune. E. su good, excellent, and bhaga fortune, beauty, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Subhaga (सुभग).—I. adj., f. . 1. fortunate, Chr. 287, 7 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 7. 2. beautiful, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 123; lovely, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 3; charming, [distich] 57. 3. beloved, amiable, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 129. Ii. m. 1. the Aśoka tree. 2. the Champaca, Micelia campaka. Iii. f. . 1. a favourite woman. 2. a respectable mother. 3. the name of several plants. Iv. n. fortune, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 184, 19.

— Cf. [Gothic.] ga-bigs.

Subhaga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and bhaga (भग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Subhaga (सुभग).—[adjective] lucky, well, comfortable; lovely, charming, beautiful; [feminine] ā a beloved wife. Abstr. subhagatā [feminine], tva [neuter]

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Subhāga (सुभाग).—[adjective] wealthy, rich.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śubhaga (शुभग):—[=śubha-ga] [from śubha > śubh] mfn. ([probably] [wrong reading] for su-bhaga) going well or beautifully, gracious, elegant, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] auspicious, fortunate, [ib.]

3) Śubhagā (शुभगा):—[=śubha-gā] [from śubha-ga > śubha > śubh] f. Name of a Śakti, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

4) Subhaga (सुभग):—[=su-bhaga] [from su > su-pakva] a mf(ā)n. possessing good fortune, very fortunate or prosperous, lucky, happy, blessed, highly favoured, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

5) [v.s. ...] beautiful, lovely, charming, pleasing, pretty ([vocative case] subhaga and subhage, often in friendly address), [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] nice (ironical), [Vāsavadattā] (= śobhana-paśu [Scholiast or Commentator])

7) [v.s. ...] liked, beloved, dear (as a wife), [Atharva-veda; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] delicate, slender, thin, [Caraka]

9) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) suitable for, [Śakuntalā] ([varia lectio])

10) [=su-bhaga] [from su > su-pakva] m. Name of Śiva, [Śivagītā, ascribed to the padma-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] borax, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] Michelia Champaka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] Jonesia Asoka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] red Amaranth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Subala, [Mahābhārata]

16) Subhagā (सुभगा):—[=su-bhagā] [from su-bhaga > su > su-pakva] f. good fortune (in this sense the [locative case] āsu seems to be used), [Pañcaviṃśa-brāhmaṇa]

17) [v.s. ...] a beloved or favourite wife, [Rāmāyaṇa] (cf. [compound])

18) [v.s. ...] a five-year-old girl representing Durgā at festivals, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] musk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) [v.s. ...] Name of various plants (a species of Musa; Glycine Debilis; Cyperus Rotundus etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) [v.s. ...] (in music) a [particular] Rāgiṇī, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

22) [v.s. ...] Name of a daughter of Prādhā, [Mahābhārata]

23) [v.s. ...] of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda, [ib.]

24) [v.s. ...] of a kind of fairy, [Buddhist literature]

25) Subhaga (सुभग):—[=su-bhaga] [from su > su-pakva] n. good fortune

26) [v.s. ...] bitumen, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.; Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

27) Subhāga (सुभाग):—[=su-bhāga] [from su > su-pakva] mf(ā)n. fortunate, wealthy, rich, [Ṛg-veda]

28) Subhāgā (सुभागा):—[=su-bhāgā] [from su-bhāga > su > su-pakva] f. Name of a daughter of Raudrāśva, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

29) Subhaga (सुभग):—[=su-bhaga] b -bhaṅga etc. See p.1229, [columns] 2, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śubhaga (शुभग):—[śubha-ga] (gaḥ-gā-gaṃ) a. Happy; elegant.

2) Subhaga (सुभग):—[su-bhaga] (gaḥ-gā-gaṃ) a. Pleasing to the eye, beloved; fortunate. m. Borax; Ashoka; Champac. 1. f. Jasmine; holy basil; turmeric; a favourite wife.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Subhaga (सुभग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Subhaga, Subhagā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Subhaga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Subhaga in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Subhaga (सुभग) [Also spelled subhag]:—(a) beautiful; lucky; ~[] feminine form of ~[ga; ~ge !] vocative word for a beautiful woman; hence ~[] (nf).

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Subhaga (सुभग) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Subhaga.

2) Subhagā (सुभगा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Subhagā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Subhaga (ಸುಭಗ):—

1) [adjective] beautiful; handsome; lovely.

2) [adjective] worthy of respect or esteem; estimable; respectable.

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Subhaga (ಸುಭಗ):—

1) [noun] that which is beautiful, lovely.

2) [noun] the quality of being melodious, musical.

3) [noun] a man having an attractive, well-proportioned, and imposing appearance; a handsome man.

4) [noun] a fortunate man.

5) [noun] a master, lord or employer.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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