Subhaga, aka: Subhagā, Shubhaga, Śubhaga, Shubha-ga, Su-bhaga; 17 Definition(s)

Introduction

Subhaga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śubhaga can be transliterated into English as Subhaga or Shubhaga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Subhagā (सुभगा):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Piṇḍa, the seventh seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (eg. Subhagā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

Source: Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā

Subhaga (सुभग) or Subhagāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Cintyāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Subhaga Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Cintya-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Subhagā (सुभगा, “Possessing Good Fortune, Blessed”):—One of the female offspring from Mahāsarasvatī (sattva-form of Mahādevī). Mahāsarasvatī is one of the three primary forms of Devī, the other two being Mahālakṣmī and Mahākālī. Not to be confused with Sarasvatī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named sattva. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Subhagā (सुभगा) is another name for Tulasī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Ocimum tenuiflorum (holy basil), from the Lamiaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 10.148-149), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Subhagā (सुभगा) is another name for Śāliparṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Desmodium gangeticum (sal leaved desmodium), from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.17-20 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Subhagā and Śāliparṇī, there are a total of twenty-nine Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana

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Subhagā (सुभगा) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Subhagā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

1) Subhaga (सुभग).—A brother of Śakuni. He was killed in the great war by Bhīma. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 157, Verse 26).

2) Subhagā (सुभगा).—Daughter of Kaśyapaprajāpati by his wife Pradhā. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Verse 46).

3) Subhagā (सुभगा).—A term of address.

According to Manusmṛti (Chapter 2, 129) one should use this word when one addresses the wives of others and women who are not one’s relatives.

Parapatnī tu yā strī syādasambandhā ca yonitaḥ /

Tām brūyād bhavatītyevaṃ subhage bhaginīti ca //

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Subhagā (सुभगा).—A daughter of Risṭa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 13.

1b) A Śakti;1 a mind-born mother.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 75;
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 179. 14.

1c) An Apsaras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 48.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Subhāga (सुभाग) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Subhāga (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a horse. A fruit is in his right hand and a viṇā is in his left hand.

The illustrations (of, for example Subhāga) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

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Subhagā (सुभगा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.44, I.65, IX.45.17). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Subhagā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A son of the Naga king, Dhatarattha. See the Bhuridatta Jataka. He is identified with Moggallana. J.vi.219.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Subhaga (सुभग, “fortunate”) refers to one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by the fortunate (subhaga) body-making karma? The rise of which causes a living being to be loved by others is called fortunate body-making karmas. 

The opposite-pair of subhaga (fortunate) is durbhaga (misfortunate).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Subhaga in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

subhaga : (adj.) lucky; fortunate.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Subhaga, (adj.) (su+bhaga) lucky; °karaṇa making happy or beloved (by charms) D. I, 11; DA. I, 96.—Der. Sobhagga (Page 719)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

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subhaga (सुभग).—a S Of favorable or auspicious fortune or destiny.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

subhaga (सुभग).—a Of favourable fortune.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śubhaga (शुभग).—a.

1) elegant, graceful.

2) propitious, fortunate.

Śubhaga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śubha and ga (ग).

--- OR ---

Subhaga (सुभग).—a.

1) very fortunate or prosperous, happy, blessed, highly favoured.

2) lovely, charming, beautiful, pretty; न तु ग्रीष्मस्यैवं सुभगमपराद्धं युवतिषु (na tu grīṣmasyaivaṃ subhagamaparāddhaṃ yuvatiṣu) Ś.3.9; Ku.4.34; R.11.8; Māl.9.

3) pleasant, grateful, agreeable, sweet; दिवसाः सुभगा- दित्याश्छायासलिलदुर्भगाः (divasāḥ subhagā- dityāśchāyāsaliladurbhagāḥ) Rām.3.16.1; श्रवणसुभग (śravaṇasubhaga) M.3.4; Ś.1.3.

4) beloved, liked, amiable, dear; सुमुखि सुभगः पश्यन् स त्वामुपैतु कृतार्थताम् (sumukhi subhagaḥ paśyan sa tvāmupaitu kṛtārthatām) Gīt.5.

5) illustrious. (-gaḥ) 1 borax.

2) the Aśoka tree.

3) the Champaka tree.

4) red amarnath.

-gam good fortune. °मानिन्, सुभगं- मन्य (mānin, subhagaṃ- manya) a.

Subhaga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and bhaga (भग).

--- OR ---

Subhagā (सुभगा).—

1) a woman beloved by her husband, a favourite wife.

2) an honoured mother.

3) a kind of wild jasmine.

4) turmeric.

5) the Priyaṅgu creeper.

6) the holy basil.

7) a woman having her husband alive (saubhāgyavatī); जयशब्दैर्द्विजाग्र्याणां सुभगानर्तितै- स्तथा (jayaśabdairdvijāgryāṇāṃ subhagānartitai- stathā) Mb.7.7.9.

8) a five-year old girl representing Durgā at festivals.

9) musk. °सुत (suta) the son of a favourite wife.

Subhagā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and bhagā (भगा).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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