Sarvanga, Sarva-anga, Sarvāṅga: 13 definitions


Sarvanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sarvanga in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sarvāṅga (सर्वाङ्ग) refers to “all one’s limbs”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.8.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Sage Nārada:—“O excellent sage, being thus requested by Himavat the lord of mountains, you looked at Kālī’s palm and the limbs as well [i.e., sarvāṅga]. O dear, you are wise. You know many facts. You are eloquent in speech. You then spoke”.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sarvāṅga (सर्वाङ्ग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.21, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sarvāṅga) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

1) Sarvāṅga (सर्वाङ्ग) refers to the “(whole) body”, according to the Siddhayogeśvarīmata chapter 10.—Accordingly, “[Bhairava spoke]:—[...] The male or female practitioner, with his/her mind focused on the mantra, should perform worship according to prescriptions and then undertake the vow. [In the first of these] all his limbs covered with ashes (bhasman-lepita-sarvāṅga), the practitioner is to observe silence and should wear a white garment; he should be of good understanding. He must have a white sacred thread, he should be free from desire and established in self-restraint.”.

2) Sarvāṅga (सर्वाङ्ग) [=sarvvāṅga?] refers to the “entire body”, according to verse 4.595-596b of the Brahmayāmala-tantra (or Picumata), an early 7th century Śaiva text consisting of twelve-thousand verses.—Accordingly, “The best of Sādhakas should install the supreme Śakti [hāṃ] on the entire body (sarvāṅga), without face, eye, or limb mantras, devoid of a lotus seat; one should [also] envision her in each lotus, conjoining/possessing the lotus garlands”.

3) Sarvāṅga (सर्वाङ्ग) refers to “all the limbs”, according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “[Visualisation of Parameśvara]:—[...] His heart is agitated with sexual desire. His lotus face displays a faint smile. This is how the Yogin should visualise his body for a long time, as transformed into Śiva. All his limbs are perfumed (adhivāsita-sarvāṅga) with sandal, aloe, camphor, musk and saffron. He has a beautiful face. He is surrounded by millions of gem islands, in a chamber on a fine bed”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sarvanga in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Sarvāṅga (सर्वाङ्ग) refers to the “(entire) body”, according to verse 6.21.14 of the Mokṣopāya.—Accordingly, as Bhuśuṇḍa said to Vasiṣṭha: “When mundane activity in the usual state of the world has fallen [into disarray] at the end of [the world's] duration, then I leave my nest like an ungrateful person  [leaves] a good friend. I remain in the ether, all my conceptual thinking has disappeared, and my constitution and body (sarvāṅga) are immobilized so that my mind is without habitual tendencies. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Sarvanga in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Sarvāṅga (सर्वाङ्ग) refers to the “whole body (of a bird)”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the yellow-eyed division of hawks]: “The Vājas are of five kinds. Their descriptions are given separately. [...] That which is snow-white all over the body (sarvāṅga) is Haṃsavāja. Blessed is the’ house where it is treated with respect. It should be carefully tended. It should not be ordinarily used in hunting. Its very touch cures many fevers, specially the quartan”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sarvāṅga (सर्वांग).—n (S) The whole body; the body and its limbs and members. 2 The Vedas and all the Angas or portions; the whole body of sacred knowledge.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sarvāṅga (सर्वाङ्ग).—

1) the whole body.

2) all the Vedāṅgas.

-ṅgaḥ or °rūpaḥ) Name of Śiva.

Derivable forms: sarvāṅgam (सर्वाङ्गम्).

Sarvāṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sarva and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarvāṅga (सर्वाङ्ग) or Sarvvāṅga.—n.

(-ṅgaṃ) 1. The whole body. 2. The Angas or portions of divine knowledge collectively. E. sarva all, aṅga a limb, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarvāṅga (सर्वाङ्ग).—1. [neuter] (adj. —° [feminine] ī) the whole body; [plural] all limbs or members.

--- OR ---

Sarvāṅga (सर्वाङ्ग).—2. [feminine] ī having all limbs or members; perfect, complete; [neuter] [adverb]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sarvāṅga (सर्वाङ्ग):—[from sarva] n. (ifc. f(ī). ) the whole body, [Vāsavadattā; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] [plural] all the limbs, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Maitrī-upaniṣad, [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) [v.s. ...] all the Vedāṅgas, [Kena-upaniṣad]

4) [v.s. ...] mf(ī)n. entire or perfect in limb, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

5) [v.s. ...] complete, (-bhaṅga m. ‘entire collapse’), [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

6) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarvāṅga (सर्वाङ्ग):—[sarvā-ṅga] (ṅgaṃ) 1. n. The whole body; the whole of the Vedāṃgas.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sarvāṅga (सर्वाङ्ग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Savvaṃga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sarvanga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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