Revata, aka: Revatā, Revaṭa; 6 Definition(s)


Revata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

[Revata in Shilpashastra glossaries]

Revata (रेवत):—Fifth of the eleven emanations of Rudra (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Viśvakarma-śilpa. He keeps in his right hands the Dhanus, khaḍga, śūla, gadā, sarpa, chakra, aṅkuśa and akṣamālā; and in the left hands the dhanus (?), kheṭaka, khaṭvāṅga, ghaṇṭa, tarjanī, paraśu, paṭiśa and pātra. This aspect of Rudra grants, like Sūrya, all the goods of the world to his worshippers.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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[Revata in Purana glossaries]

Revata (रेवत).—The father of Revatī, the wife of Balabhadrarāma. Revata was the son of Ānartta and the grandson of king Śaryāti. It is mentioned in Devī Bhāgavata, Skandha 7, that Revata was the first king who erected his capital in the Island Kuśasthalī and began to rule over it.

(Source): Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Revata (रेवत).—A son of Ānartta; built the city of Dvārakā (Kuśasthalī) in the sea and was the lord of Ānarttas and others. Father of a hundred sons of whom Kakudmi was the eldest.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 3. 27-29; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 63-5.

1b) A son of Kapotaroma.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 116.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Revata in Theravada glossaries]

1. Revata. The fifth of the twenty four Buddhas.

He was born in Sudhannaka (Sudhannavati), his father being the khattiya Vipula and his mother Vipula. For six thousand years he lived in the household and then renounced the world, travelling in a chariot, leaving his wife Sudassana and their son Varuna. The three palaces occupied by him in his lay life were Sudassana, Ratanagghi and Avela. He practiced austerities for seven months and attained Enlightenment under a Naga tree, having been given milk rice by Sadhudevi and grass for his seat by the Ajivaka Varunindhara. His first sermon was preached at Varunarama.

The Bodhisatta was a brahmin of Rammavati, named Atideva, who, seeing the Buddha, spoke his praises in one thousand verses. Among the Buddhas converts was King Arindama of Uttaranagara. The Buddhas chief disciples were Varuna and Brahmadeva among monks and Bhadda and Subhadda among nuns. His constant attendant was Sambhava. His chief lay patrons were Paduma and Kunjara, and Sirima and Yasavati. His body was eighty hands in height, and his aura spread uninterruptedly to a distance of one yojana. He died in the Mahasara pleasance at the age of sixty thousand, and his relics were scattered.; BuA.131ff.; J.i.30, 35, 44.

2. Revata. A monk, the personal attendant of Siddhattha Buddha. Bu.xvii.18; J.i.40.

3. Revata (called Khadiravaniya). An arahant Thera. An eminent disciple of the Buddha, declared by him foremost among forest dwellers (arannakanam) (A.i.24). He was the youngest brother of Sariputta, and a marriage was arranged for him by his mother who was miserable at seeing her children desert her one after another to join the Order, and wished to keep the youngest at home. He was only seven years old, and, on the wedding day, the relations of both bride and bridegroom showered blessings on the couple and said to the bride: May you live as long as your grandmother. Revata asked to see the grandmother, and was shown a woman of one hundred and twenty, decrepit, and showing all the signs of advanced old age. Realizing that his wife would probably share the same fate, he left the bridal procession on some pretext on the way home, and ran away to a place where some monks lived. Sariputta, foreseeing this, had instructed the monks to ordain his brother without reference to his parents, and, when Revata revealed his identity, the monks at once admitted him into the Order.

When Sariputta heard this, he wished to visit his brother, but was persuaded by the Buddha to wait. Revata, after waiting a long time for the visit from Sariputta, obtained from his teachers a formula of meditation and himself set out to see the Buddha. On the way he stopped at a khadiravana (acacia forest) during the rainy season and there won arahantship.

At the end of the rains the Buddha,

-- or --

. A nun of Ceylon,(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Revata in Mahayana glossaries]

Revata (रेवत).—According to the Mūlasarvāstivādin Vinaya, after having crossed the Indus towards the west, the Buddha took eight stages to cross Uḍḍiyāna, the Lampāka, and arrived in the neighborhood of Peshawar.

4th stage.—City of Revata (Chin., Ki yi to, Tib., Dbaṅ ldan) where the Buddha converted the master potter (kumbakāra) as is told at length in the Mūlasarvāstivādin Vinaya (l.c.). The Mppś tells us that here the ṛṣi Revata built a stūpa on a mountain, containing the hair and finger-nails of the Buddha and that, at the foot of this mountain, there was still at his time the vihāra called Revata. The monastery of Revata was well-known. In the legend of Aśoka, the great emperor, in a mystical trance, invited the faithful wise men dwelling in the pleasant city of Kaśmīra or the vihāras of Tāmasavana, Mahāvana and Revataka.

Fa hien found a stūpa 400 paces from the Cave of the Buddha’s Shadow built over the hair and finger-nails of the Buddha, located a half-yojana from Nagarahāra, Hiuan tsang found this same stūpa at the north-west side of the cave; it contained, he said, the Buddha’s hair and nails. Song yun also notes at Nagarahāra some famous relics containing the tooth and the hair of the Buddha. This can only be the stūpa built by Revata and the relics gathered by him after his conversion. Therefore Revata’s stūpa and vihāra are near Nagarahāra and the mountain of K’i pin in question here is to be found in Kapiśa-Lampāka and not in Kaśmir.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Relevant definitions

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