Kshapa, Kṣapa, Kṣapā: 11 definitions


Kshapa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kṣapa and Kṣapā can be transliterated into English as Ksapa or Kshapa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kṣapā (क्षपा) refers to the “(close of the) nights”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Sitā said to Śiva:—“[...] the most unbearable season of the advent of clouds (ghanāgama or jaladāgama) has arrived with clusters of clouds of diverse hues, and their music reverberating in the sky and the various quarters. [...] During the close of the nights (kṣapā) the circle of lightning appears like the blazing submarine fire in the ocean”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Kṣapā (क्षपा) is another name for “Haridrā” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning kṣapā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣapa (क्षप).—Water.

Derivable forms: kṣapaḥ (क्षपः).

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Kṣapā (क्षपा).—[kṣapayati ceṣṭām; kṣi-ṇic ac]

1) A night; बिगमयत्युन्निद्र एव क्षपाः (bigamayatyunnidra eva kṣapāḥ) Ś.6.5; R.2.2; Meghadūta 112.

2) Turmeric.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣapā (क्षपा).—f.

(-pā) Night. E. kṣap to send or reject, a affix, and ṭāp fem. do.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣapā (क्षपा).—i. e. 3. kṣi, [Causal.], + a, f. Night, Rām, 2, 25, 9.

— Cf. probably [Latin] crepusculum.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣapā (क्षपा).—[feminine] night.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣapa (क्षप):—[from kṣap] mfn. [varia lectio] for kṣama q.v.

2) Kṣapā (क्षपा):—[from kṣap] a ind. [instrumental case] at night, [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] 2. kṣapā f. ([Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 7]; for 1. kṣ See 4. kṣap) night, [Ṛg-veda iv, 53, 7] ([instrumental case] [plural] pābhis), [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa i, 13; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] a measure of time equivalent to a whole day of twenty-four hours, [Jyotiṣa]

5) [v.s. ...] turmeric, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) b See 4. kṣap.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣapā (क्षपा):—(pā) 1. f. Night.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kṣapa (क्षप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Khava, Khavā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kshapa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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