Ghora, Ghorā: 26 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ghora means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

1) Ghorā (घोरा):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Dhvaja, the fourth seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (e.g. Ghorā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

2) Ghorā (घोरा):—Sanskrit name of one of the thirty-two female deities of the Somamaṇḍala (second maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. These goddesses are situated on a ring of sixteen petals and represent the thirty-two syllables of the Aghoramantra. Each deity (including Ghorā) is small, plump and large-bellied. They can assume any form at will, have sixteen arms each, and are all mounted on a different animal.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Ghora (घोर) or Ghorāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Niśvāsāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Ghora Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Niśvāsa-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ghora (घोर).—A son of sage Aṅgiras. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 85, Verse 131).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ghora (घोर).—The 25th kalpa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 290. 9.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Ghora (घोर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.28, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ghora) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Ghora (घोर) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Ghoranṛsiṃha or Ghoranarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)

Ghora (घोर) or Ghoratantra refers to one of the thirty-three Dakṣiṇatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Ghora-tantra belonging to the Dakṣiṇa class.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Ghorā (घोरा) is another name for Jīmūtaka, a medicinal plant identified with Luffa echinata (bitter sponge gourd or bitter luffa) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.58-60 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Ghorā and Jīmūtaka, there are a total of nineteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Ghora (घोर) refers to one of the male Vidyā-beings mentioned [twice] as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Ghora).

2) Ghora (घोर) is also the name of a Rākṣasa mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

3) Ghora (घोर) is also the name of a Piśāca mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

4) Ghora (घोर) also refers to one of the various Grahas and Mahāgrahas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Ghora (घोर) is the name of a cloud (megha) associated with Karaṅkaka: the western cremation ground (śmaśāna) according to the Vajravārāhī-sādhana by Umāpatideva as found in te 12th century Guhyasamayasādhanamālā. As a part of this sādhana, the practicioner is to visualize a suitable dwelling place for the goddess inside the circle of protection which takes the form of eight cremation grounds.

These clouds (e.g., Ghora) are known as cloud-kings (megharāja) and have names that are associated with the loud noises of thunderclouds and the noise of rain, according to the Guhyasamayasādhanamālā 11.77. Their presence in the cremation grounds may be connected with the nāgas, for they are known to be responsible for the rain.

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Ghora (घोर) refers to one of the eight cloud king (meghendra) of the Guṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the guṇacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. Ghora is associated with the charnel grounds (śmaśāna) named Jvālākulakaraṅka; with the tree (vṛkṣa) named Kaṅkelli; with the direction-guardians (dikpāla) named Varuṇa and with the serpent king (nāgendra) named Karkoṭa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Ghora (घोर) refers to “conquering afflictions” and represents one of the seven types of extraordinary powers of austerity (tapas), which itself is a subclass of the eight ṛddhis (extraordinary powers). These powers can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people) in order to produce worldly miracles. The Āryas represent one of the two classes of human beings according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46, the other being Mleccha (barbarians).

What is meant by extraordinary power to conquer afflictions (ghora-riddhi)? It is the extraordinary power to conquer afflictions while meditating in solitary places like cremation grounds etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ghora : (adj.) terrible; awful.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ghora, (adj.) (Vedic ghora, orig. meaning, wailing, howling, lamenting, to *gher, *ger, see note on gala & cp. ghuru. A root ghur is given by Dhtp 487 in meaning of “bhīma, ” i.e. horrible.—Rel. to Goth. gaurs, sad; Ohg. gōrag, miserable; & perhaps Lat. funus, funeral. See Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v.) terrible, frightful, awful Vin.II, 147. frequent as attr. of niraya (syn. with dāruṇa; PvA.87, 159, 206) Pv.I, 1012; IV, 18. Of an oath (sapatha) Pv.I, 68; II, 1216.—ghorassara of a terrible cry (Ep. of an ass) Miln.363, 365. (Page 258)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ghōra (घोर).—m (S) The base (the chord or the sound) of a musical instrument. 2 Anxiety, apprehension, inquietude, solicitude. v kara, lāga. 3 The dying rattles. 4 Longing and pining after an absent person. v ghē g. of o. Ex. pōrānēṃ āīcā ghōra ghētalā. 5 C Loud howling. Ex. tō maratāñca pōrābāḷānnī ēkaca ghōra kēlā: also clamor, hubbub, racket, clatter. Ex. hā kāya majuradārāñcā ghōra paḍalā?

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ghōra (घोर).—a (S) Frightful, horrible, terrific--appearances, sounds, events, business: deep or heavy--sleep: gross, palpable--darkness: thick and gloomy--a forest: furious, fierce--a battle or fighting: huge, prodigious, monstrous--a building, a swollen river, any startling object.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ghōra (घोर).—m The base (the chord or the sound) of a musical instrument. Anxiety, apprehension, inquietude, solicitude. v kara, lāga. The dying rattles. Longing and pining after an absent person. v ghē. Clamour, hubbub, racket, clatter.

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ghōra (घोर).—a Frightful-appearances, sounds, events, business: deep or heavy- sleep: gross, palpable-darkness: thick and gloomy-a forest: furious, fierce-a battle or fighting; huge, prodigious, monstrous-a building, a swollen river, any startling object.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ghora (घोर).—a. [ghar-ac Uṇ.5.64]

1) Terrific, frightful, horrible, awful; शिवाघोरस्वनां पश्चाद्बुबुधे विकृतेति ताम् (śivāghorasvanāṃ paścādbubudhe vikṛteti tām) R.12.39; or तत्किं कर्मणि घोरे मां नियोजयसि केशव (tatkiṃ karmaṇi ghore māṃ niyojayasi keśava) Mb.; घोरं लोके वितत- मयशः (ghoraṃ loke vitata- mayaśaḥ) U.7.6; Ms.1.5;12.54.

2) Violent, vehement.

3) Ved. Venerable, awful, sublime.

4) Unsteady, displeasing; शान्ता घोराश्च मूढाश्च (śāntā ghorāśca mūḍhāśca) Sāṅ. K.38.

-raḥ Name of Śiva.

-rā Night.

-ram 1 Horror, awfulness; अथापि मेऽ- विनीतस्य क्षात्रं घोरमुपेयुषः (athāpi me'- vinītasya kṣātraṃ ghoramupeyuṣaḥ) Bhāg.4.8.36.

2) Poison.

3) Venerableness; Vāj.2.32.

4) Magic formulæ and charms; मा नो घोरेण चरताभि धृष्णु (mā no ghoreṇa caratābhi dhṛṣṇu) Rv.1.34.14.

5) Saffron.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ghora (घोर).—(1) name of a rākṣasa king: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 18.1; (2) name of a piśāca: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 18.6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghora (घोर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Frightful, horrible, terrific. m.

(-raḥ) A name of Shiva. f.

(-rā) Night. n.

(-raṃ) 1. Horror, horribleness. 2. Poison. E. ghur to be frightful, affix aca or gur substituted for han to injure or kill, and ac Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghora (घोर).—I. adj., f. . 1. Horrible, dreadful, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 8, 12. 2. Violent, [Suśruta] 1, 35, 7. Ii. m. 1. A name of Śiva, Mahābhārata 12, 10375. 2. A proper name, Mahābhārata 13, 4148. Iii. n. A horrible act, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 58, 8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghora (घोर).—[adjective] awful, terrific, horrible, violent; [neuter] awe, horror, magic, incantation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ghora (घोर):—mf(ā)n. (cf.ghur) venerable, awful, sublime (gods, the Aṅgiras, the Ṛṣis), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda ii, 34, 4]

2) terrific, frightful, terrible, dreadful, violent, vehement (as pains, diseases, etc.), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā ii; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xii etc.] (in [compound], [gana] kāṣṭhādi)

3) m. ‘the terrible’, Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. -ghoratara)

4) Name of a son of Aṅgiras, [Śāṅkhāyana-brāhmaṇa xxx, 6; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra xii, 13, 1; Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata xiii, 4148]

5) (also) a jackal, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Ghorā (घोरा):—[from ghora] f. the night, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a cucurbitaceous plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] ([scilicet] gati) Name of one of the 7 stations of the planet Mercury, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā vii, 8 and 11]

9) Ghora (घोर):—n. venerableness, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā ii, 32]

10) awfulness, horror, [Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa ix; Kauśika-sūtra; Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv, 8, 36; Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa ii, 3 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

11) ‘horrible action’, magic formulas or charms, [Ṛg-veda x, 34, 14; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Rāmāyaṇa i, 58, 8]

12) a kind of mythical weapon, [Mahābhārata v, 3491]

13) poison, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) saffron, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. dhīra and gaura).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghora (घोर):—[(raḥ-rā-raṃ) a.] Terrific, dreadful. 1. m. A name of Shiva. f. Night. n. Horror; poison.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Ghora (घोर):—

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Ghora (घोर):—

2) b) pl. als Ṛṣi [Kāṭhaka-Recension AŚV. 1, 1.] —

4) b) yāni kāni ca ghorāṇi sarvāṅgeṣu tavābhavan [Weber’s Indische Studien 5, 370.] — f) Bez. eines best. mythischen Geschosses [Mahābhārata 5, 3491.] —

5) f. ī (!) Nomen proprium eines Wesens im Gefolge der Durgā [WILSON, Sel. Works 2, 39.] — Vgl. mahā .

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Ghora (घोर):—

1) b) ghorātighoraṃ narakaṃ nayanti [Spr. (II) 2993.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Ghora (घोर):——

1) Adj. (f. ā) — a) scheueinflössend , ehrfurchtgebietend , hehr. — b) grausig , furchtbar , — c) schrecklich , furchtbar , überaus heftig (Schmerzen , Krankheiten u.s.w.). —

2) *Adv. ghoram ( pūjane). —

3) m. — a) *Beiname Śiva's. — b) Nomen proprium verschiedener Männer. —

4) f. ghorā — a) *Nacht. — b) *eine best. Cucurbitacee. — c) eine der sieben Stationen Mercurs.

5) f. ghorī(!) Nomen proprium eines Wesens im Gefolge der Durgā. —

6) n. — a) ehrfurchtgebietendes Wesen. — b) das Grausige , Schaurige , Schrecken. — c) Zauberwerk , Zauberspruch. — d) ein best. mythisches Geschoss. — e) *Gift. [Rājan 6,224] — f) *Safran.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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