Himalaya, aka: Himālaya, Hima-alaya; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Himalaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Himālaya (हिमालय) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The presiding deity residing over the liṅga in this place (Himālaya) is named Rudrarudra. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas is found in the commentary of the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Himālaya is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (eg., Himālaya) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Yoga
Yoga book cover
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Originally, Yoga is considered a branch of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Kāvya (poetry)

Himālaya (हिमालय) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Himālaya is same as Himavān.

(Source): Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
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Kāvya (काव्य) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahākāvya, or ‘epic poetry’ and nāṭya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

In Buddhism

Vajrayāna (Tibetan Buddhism)

Himālaya (हिमालय) is the name of a sacred site (pīṭha) presided over by Khagānanā, according to the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala. Khagānanā is a deity situated in one of the six petals of the western lotus, of which the presiding deity is kuleśvarī (presiding lady) named Tārā. The central deity of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala is the twelve-armed Vajravarāhī.

Himālaya is one of the twenty-four pīṭhas, or ‘sacred-site’ (six lotuses each having six petals), each corresponding with a part of the human body. Himālaya is to be contemplated as situated in the reproductive organs (just as with Pretapurī). Besides being associated with a bodily spot, each pīṭha represents an actual place of ancient India frequented particularly by advanced tantric practitioners

The Vārāhyabhyudayatantra is an explanatory tantra on the Laghuśaṃvara, but its verses are largerly extracted from the 10th century Abhidhānottaratantra, a scriputre describing various sādhanas (path towards spiritual realization).

(Source): Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

himālaya (हिमालय).—m The Himalayas.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Himālaya (हिमालय).—

1) the Himālaya mountain; अस्त्युत्तरस्यां दिशि देवतात्मा हिमालयो नाम नगाधिराजः (astyuttarasyāṃ diśi devatātmā himālayo nāma nagādhirājaḥ) Ku.1.1.

2) the white Khadira tree. °सुता (sutā) an epithet of Pārvatī.

Derivable forms: himālayaḥ (हिमालयः).

Himālaya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms hima and ālaya (आलय).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 334 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Hima
Hima (हिम, “snow”) refers to an article of food classified as abhakṣya (forbidden to eat) accor...
Alaya
ālaya (आलय).—n A house.
Devalaya
dēvālaya (देवालय).—n A pagoda, a temple.
Himodbhava
Himodbhavā (हिमोद्भवा).—the plant called Zedoary. Himodbhavā is a Sanskrit compound consisting ...
Parivaralaya
Parivārālaya (परिवारालय) refers to “shrines of attendant deities”. It may be built (for exam...
Dhanyakahima
Dhānyakahima (धान्यकहिम) is a medicinal formulation (of the hima type, ‘cold infusion’), acc...
Himadri
Himādri (हिमाद्रि).—the Himālaya mountain; प्रस्थं हिमाद्रे- र्मृगनाभिगन्धि किंचित् क्वणत् किंन...
Himashaila
Himaśaila (हिमशैल).—Himālaya mountain. Derivable forms: himaśailaḥ (हिमशैलः).Himaśaila is a San...
Amaralaya
Amarālaya (अमरालय).—the abode of the gods, heaven, तत्रामरालयमरालमरालकेशि (tatrāmarālayamarālam...
Indiralaya
Indirālaya (इन्दिरालय).—'abode of Indirā', the blue lotus. Derivable forms: indirālayam (इन्दिर...
Himashitala
Himaśītala (हिमशीतल).—a. ice-cold. Himaśītala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms hi...
Himapaha
Himāpaha (हिमापह).—fire. Derivable forms: himāpahaḥ (हिमापहः).Himāpaha is a Sanskrit compound c...
Himabhanu
Himabhānu (हिमभानु).—the moon. Derivable forms: himabhānuḥ (हिमभानुः).Himabhānu is a Sanskrit c...
Himataila
Himataila (हिमतैल).—a kind of camphor ointment. Derivable forms: himatailam (हिमतैलम्).Himatail...
Mangalalaya
Maṅgalālaya (मङ्गलालय).—a temple. Derivable forms: maṅgalālayaḥ (मङ्गलालयः).Maṅgalālaya is a Sa...

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