Shakha, Sakha, Sākhā, Śākhā, Śākha, Sākha: 43 definitions


Shakha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śākhā and Śākha can be transliterated into English as Sakha or Shakha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

1) Śākhā (शाखा) refers to the “branches sprouting out of a tree trunk”, as mentioned in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Śākhā] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

2) Śākhā (शाखा) also refers to the “fibrous roots” (of trees or plants), as mentioned in a list of five synonyms in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) verse 29b.

Agriculture (Krishi) and Vrikshayurveda (study of Plant life)

Source: Shodhganga: Drumavichitrikarnam—Plant mutagenesis in ancient India

Śākha (शाख) refers to the “branch of a fruit-tree”, which can be manipulated using certain bio-organical recipes for plant mutagenesis, such as to delay of ripening in fruits, according to the Vṛkṣāyurveda by Sūrapāla (1000 CE): an encyclopedic work dealing with the study of trees and the principles of ancient Indian agriculture.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śākhā (शाखा):—A Sanskrit technical term referring to the branches or limbs of the human body, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. Śākhā is said to be one of the three “pathways of diseases” (rogamārga). The branches or limbs (śākhā) refers to the bodily elements (dhātus), for example: blood (rakta), skin (tvac) and so on. This pathway is also called “the peripheral (bāhya) pathway of disease”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Śākha (शाख) is the name of a gaṇa (attendant of Śiva), mentioned in the Skandapurāṇa 4.2.53. In this chapter, Śiva (Giriśa) summons his attendants (gaṇas) and ask them to venture towards the city Vārāṇasī (Kāśī) in order to find out what the yoginīs, the sun-god, Vidhi (Brahmā) were doing there.

While the gaṇas such as Śākha were staying at Kāśī, they were desirous but unable of finding a weakness in king Divodaśa who was ruling there. Kāśī is described as a fascinating place beyond the range of Giriśa’s vision, and as a place where yoginīs become ayoginīs, after having come in contact with it. Kāśī is described as having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.

The Skandapurāṇa narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is the largest Mahāpurāṇa composed of over 81,000 metrical verses, with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śākha (शाख).—According to one view Śākha was the younger brother of Subrahmaṇya while there are others who maintain that he was Subrahmaṇya’s son. In verse 37, Chapter 44 of Śalya Parva it is stated that Śākha was the son of the Vasu Anala and the younger brother of Subrahmaṇya and that he had two brothers called Vaiśākha and Naigameya. It is stated in Chapter 15, part 1 of Viṣṇu Purāṇa as follows:— "Āpa, Dhruva, Soma, Dharma, Anila, Agni, Pratyūṣa and Prabhāsa are the aṣṭavasus. Vaitaṇḍa, Śrama, Śānta, and Dhvani were sons of Āpa. Kāla, who annihilates the entire world is the son of Dhruva and Varccas is Soma’s son. Varccas gives people the vital glow. Draviṇa, Hutahavyavaha, Śiśvara, Prāṇa and Varuṇa were the sons of Dharma by Manoharā. Anila’s wife was Śivā, and two sons, Manojava and Avijñatagati were born to the couple. Kumāra, son of Agni was born in Śarastamba and he had three brothers called Śākha, Viśākha and Naigameya."

The following story about the birth of Śākha is from Taraṅga 6, Lāvāṇakalambaka of Kathāsaritsāgara: Defeated in battle by Tārakāsura, Indra decided to have no more fight with him and retired to Mount Mahāmeru. Devas and maharṣis sought asylum with Subrahmaṇya, who gave them protection. Indra came to know of it and fought with Subrahmaṇya feeling that the latter had captured his kingdom. Two sons, Śākha and Viśākha were born from the face of Subrahmaṇya wounded by the Vajrāyudha of Indra.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Śākhā (शाखा) refers to the “branch (of a tree)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “Then the demon Tāraka, of great strength and exploit, endowed with a lofty mind, requested permission of his mother for performing penance. [...] A hundred years he performed the penance amidst fires, a hundred years in a topsy-turvy position and a hundred years supported on the ground by the palms of his hands. O sage, a hundred years he remained with his head down and feet up clinging fast to the branch of a tree [i.e., vṛkṣa-śākhāvṛkṣasya śākhāmālabya] and inhaling the pure smoke of the sacrificial fire. [...]”.

2) Śākhā (शाखा) refers to a “branch of the Vedas”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.48 (“Description of Marriage of Śiva and Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Then the Brahmins were requested by Himavat ‘May the rite be formally started after narrating the Tithi etc. The auspicious hour has come’. After saying ‘So be it’, the excellent Brahmins who knew the proper time proclaimed the Tithi etc. very delightedly. Then Himācala mentally urged with pleasure by lord Śiva, the cause of great enjoyment, smilingly spoke to Śiva. ‘O Śiva, please do not delay. Please mention your genealogy, saintly lineage, family, name and your Veda along with your branch of the Vedas (śākhā)’”.

3) Śākha (शाख) refers to a part of Guha / Kārttikeya (i.e., Śiva’s son), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.3 (“The boyhood sports of Kārttikeya”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “Guha [i.e., Śiva’s son] took the spear and ascended the peak. He hit the peak with his spear and the peak fell down. [...] There was great hue and cry. The Earth, the mountains and the three worlds quaked. Indra the lord of gods came there. With his thunderbolt he hit on his right side. A person named ‘Śākha’ (śākhanāman) of great strength came out of that side. Śakra struck him again with his thunderbolt on his left side. Another strong person named Viśākha came out of that side. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śākha (शाख).—A son of Agni and brother of Kumāra,1 an aṃśa of Skanda.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 25; Matsya-purāṇa 5. 26; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 24; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 115.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 280.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śākha (शाख) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.23) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śākha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Śākhā (शाखा, “branch”) refers to ‘various movements of the hand’. It is one of the three aspects of abhinaya (“histrionic representation”), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

2) Śākhā (शाखा) refers to one of the representations through which the body (śārīra) expresse itself, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. It is also known by the name Śākhābhinaya. These bodily expressions, or representations (abhinaya), are to be executed in accordance with the psychological states (bhāva) and sentiments (rasa) available in the dramatic play (nāṭya). It forms a part of sāmānyābhinaya, or “harmonious representation”.

The śākhā representation is meant to accompany recitatives (pāṭhya). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “the representation that is made in due order by the head, the face, shanks, thighs, hands and feet in the manner of branches, is known as the śākhā representation”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Śākha (शाख) is one of the two mighty sons of Kārttikeya that sprung from his body after being struck by Indra’s thunderbolt, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 20. Kārttikeya is the name of Śiva’s son born for the purpose of slaying the asura Tāraka and to protect the realm of Indra.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śākha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Sākhā (साखा) refers to a “recension” (of any Veda) according to the commentary of the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras 3.—“in order to know the whole of the sacrifice [yajña], one Veda is not sufficient, still less one sākhā (recension) only. The sacrifice is conceived as a whole, and its members (aṅgas) are described in different parts of the three Vedas”.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Sakhā (सखा) refers to “male friend, companion or atten-dant. In the Gītā, this refers to Arjuna”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Sakhā (सखा) refers to:—A male friend, companion or attendant. There are four types of sakhās in Vraja: (1) suhṛda–those whose friendship is mixed with a scent of parental mood, who are slightly older than Kṛṣṇa, who bear a staff and other weapons and who always protect Kṛṣṇa from demons; e.g. Subhadra, Maṇḍalībhadra and Balabhadra; (2) sakhā–those whose friendship is mixed with a scent of servitorship, who are slightly younger than Kṛṣṇa and who are exclusively attached to the happiness of rendering service to Him; e.g. Viśāla, Vṛṣabha and Devaprastha; (3) priyasakhā–those who are of the same age as Kṛṣṇa and take the exclusive shelter of the attitude of friendship; e.g. Śrīdāma, Sudāma and Stoka-kṛṣṇa; and (4) priya-narma-sakhā–superior in every way to the three other types of sakhās; they are engaged in extremely confidential services and possess a very special mood, such as Subala, Ujjvala and Madhumaṅgala. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Sakhā (सखा) refers to:—Friend; companion. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (vaishnavism)

Śākha (शाख) refers to “branches”, according to the Vedānta Deśika’s Yatirājasaptati.—There are allusions to Rāmānuja’s “protection” of the Vedas, his defeat of those who hold other Vedāntic views as well as the significance of his establishment of the right interpretation of the Vedas in innumerable verses of the Yatirājasaptati. [...] Verse 31 captures in a lovely set of images the nature of Rāmānuja’s works.They are wish-fulfilling trees for the imagination of debaters, oozing with the nectar of Hari’s feet, possessing many branches (bahu-śākha) so that they can remove suffering/heat, and subduing (with their perfume) the stench of sins.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Śākha (शाख) refers to “amount of a door § 3.38.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Śākhā (शाखा) refers to the “(fifty) branches” (of the Sūtra of twelve verses), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, [while describing the Niṣkala Form of Śrīnātha]—“[...] The (Sūtra of) Twelve (verses concerning the Lord) of the Tree is located there and it is divided into fifty branches (śākhā). Vṛkṣanātha, who is the lord of the Kula in the teaching, is its fruit. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Śākhā (शाखा) refers to “diseases related to the irregularity of breath” (occuring in Hawks), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the treatment of hawks]: “[...] Four diseases relate to the irregularity of breath. The common name of these diseases is Śākhā, one of which is caused by some sort of hurt or shock to the lungs, another by the morbid condition of the phlegm, the third by that of the bile, the fourth by a general waste of the system. The last named is called Śoṣitā and is very difficult to cure. Birds suffering from Śākhā should be kept in a dark, lonely place, and given small quantities of meat and water. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Śākhā (शाखा) in the Rigveda and later denotes the ‘branch’ of a tree. Vayā is more often used in this sense in the Rigveda.

Source: Cyclopaedia: Hinduism

A shakha (Sanskrit śākhā, "branch" or "limb"), is a Hindu theological school that specializes in learning certain Vedic texts, or else the traditional texts followed by such a school. An individual follower of a particular school or recension is called a śākhin. The term is also used in Hindu philosophy to refer to an adherent of a particular orthodox system.

A related term caraṇa, ("conduct of life" or "behavior") is also used to refer to such a Vedic school: "although the words caraṇa and śākhā are sometimes used synonymously, yet caraṇa properly applies to the sect or collection of persons united in one school, and śākhā to the traditional text followed, as in the phrase śākhām adhite, ("he recites a particular version of the Veda")".

Source: Some Pearls from the Fourth Chapter of Abhinavabhāratī Table of Contents

Śākhā (शाखा) literally means branch. It is the term used for the various movements of the hands (kara-varhana). All the gestures and movements of the hands are śākhā.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. A deer, a previous birth of Devadatta. See the Nigrodhamiga Jataka. J.i.149 ff.; cf. DhA.i.148; Mtu.i.359.

2. A setthiputta of Rajagaha, a former birth of Devadatta. For his story see the Nigrodha Jataka. J.iv.37ff.; cf. Mil.203.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Śākha (शाख) refers to the “branches (of a tree)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [As the Bhagavān teaches an offering manual]: “The great sealing of the boundary is present until the stake is drawn out. All crops, all flowers and fruits will be well protected. Furthermore, not even a single leaf will wither. How much less the ends of branches (śākha-anta) will become dry. All kinds of pests, wild animals and birds will be bound in the beak. They cannot cause destruction. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Śākhā (शाखा, “branch”).—One of the ten kinds of “plant-bodies” (vanaspati) a soul (jīva) can be reborn as due to karma. Śākhā and other plant-bodies are within the animal world (tiryag-gati) which is one of the four divisions of saṃsāra where souls are reborn.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Śākhā (शाखा) is the wife of Vindoda, one of the two sons of the Brāhman Kapila from Rājagṛha, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.8 [The abandonment of Sītā].

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Sakhā (सखा) refers to a “companion”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he speaks about the very same [thing]: when pleasure or pain (sukhadukhayoḥ) is to be experienced (bhoktavye) there is not any companion (sakhā) for living beings (prāṇiṇām)]—For this embodied soul there is not another companion (sakhāna sakhānyo'sti dehinaḥ) in union and in separation, in birth or in death and at the time of pleasure and pain. This [one] performs action for wealth, a son, a wife, etc. [and] he experiences alone that which is the result of that [action] in the levels of the Śvabhra [hell], etc.”.

Synonyms: Sahāya, Parijana, Sahacara.

2) Śākha (शाख) refers to the “(full) branches” (of tranquillity), according to the Jñānārṇava.—Accordingly, “Glory to the great tree that is stopping the influx of karma whose opponent is conquered, which is rooted in all the rules of conduct for a mendicant, whose great trunk is restraint, whose full branches are tranquillity (praśama-vipula-śākha), which is covered with the blossom of virtue [and] is beautiful because of producing whole fruit through the reflections. [Thus ends the reflection on] stopping the influx of karma”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Śākhā.—(CII 3, 4; IA 18, 19), literally, ‘a branch’; a Vedic school following any particular recension of the Vedas. (LL), a section of the Jain community. Note: śākhā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Sakha [ଶାଖ] in the Odia language is the name of a plant identified with Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre from the Fabaceae (pea) family having the following synonyms: Millettia pinnata, Pongamia glabra, Derris indica, Cytisus pinnatus. For the possible medicinal usage of sakha, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Shakha [शाख] in the Sanskrit language, ibid. previous identification.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sakha : (m.) a friend. || sākhā (f.), a branch.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sākhā, (Vedic śākhā, cp. also śaṅku stick, & Goth. hōha plough) a branch Vin. I, 28; M. I, 135; A. I, 152; II, 165, 200 sq.; III, 19, 43 sq. , 200; IV, 99, 336; V, 314 sq.; Sn. 791; J. V, 393; J. II, 44; a spur of a hill A. I, 243; II, 140; Miln. 36; also sākha (nt.) Mhvs 1, 55; J. I, 52; IV, 350; J. I, 164 (? yāva aggasākhā).—the rib of a parasol Sn. 688. ‹-› adj. sīla-sākha-pasākha whose branches and boughs are like the virtues J. VI, 324. In cpds. sākha° & sākhā°.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śākha (शाख).—f (śāka S) A pot-herb in general; any esculent leaf, flower, fruit, bean, seed, root &c.

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śākha (शाख).—f ē A mango plump and well-filled (upon the tree) and bordering upon ripeness. In this stage the flavor is considered as exquisite.

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śākhā (शाखा).—f (S) A branch or bough. 2 fig. A section or subdivision (of a subject, a book &c.), a branch. 3 A sect or party.

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sakha (सख).—m n (ṣaṭka S) An aggregate of six. See saka.

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sakha (सख).—m S The friend of. In comp. as indrasakha The friend of Indra, marutsakha, ētatsakha, tatsakha &c.

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sakhā (सखा).—m (S) A friend, a companion, an associate.

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sakhā (सखा).—& sakhāsōyarā Commonly sagā & sagāsōyarā.

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sākha (साख).—f (sākṣya S) Mercantile credit: also good repute or honorable character generally.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śākhā (शाखा).—f A branch, bough. Fig. A section; a sect.

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sakhā (सखा).—m A friend, a companion, an associate. a Own, closely related

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sākha (साख).—f Mercantile credit; good repute.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śākha (शाख).—Name of Kārtikeya.

Derivable forms: śākhaḥ (शाखः).

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Śākhā (शाखा).—

1) A branch (as of a tree); आवर्ज्य शाखाः (āvarjya śākhāḥ) R. 16.19.

2) An arm.

3) A party, section, faction.

4) A part of subdivision of a work.

5) A school, branch, sect.

6) A part or division of an animal.

7) A school or traditional recension of the Veda, the traditional text followed by a school; as in शाखलशाखा, आश्वलायनशाखा, बाष्कलशाखा (śākhalaśākhā, āśvalāyanaśākhā, bāṣkalaśākhā) &c.

8) A branch of any science.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śākha (शाख).—m.

(-khaḥ) A plant, (Galedupa arborea.) f.

(-khā) 1. A branch, the branch of a tree. 2. A branch or sub-division of the Vedas, consisting of the several Sanhitas or collections of prayers in each Veda, as received in different schools, modified more or less either in the arrangement of the whole text, or in particular portions of it. 3. An arm. 4. A sect, a faction, a party. 5. Any sub-division. 6. Any part of an animal not endowed with sensibility, as a horn, &c. E. śākh to pervade, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śākhā (शाखा).—f. 1. The branch of a tree, [Pañcatantra] 148, 5. 2. An arm. 3. Any part of an animal devoid of sensibility, as a horn. 4. A division, a sect. 5. A subdivision of the Vedas, according to the different schools and redactions of the holy writings, Windischmann, Sankara, 112. 6. A part, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] [distich] 29.

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Sakha (सख).—[-sakha], a substitute for sakhi at the end of comp. words; e. g. nara-, m. Friend of Nārāyana, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 3. priya-, I. m. 1. A dear friend, Chr. 13, 12. 2. A tree, Mimosa catechu. Ii. f. khī, A female friend, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 61, 13. balabhid-, m. Friend of Indra, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 27, 23. madirā-, m. The mango, Mangifera Indica. madhu-, m. Kāma. marut-, m. 1. Indra. 2. Fire, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 10. vasanta-, m. 1. Friend of spring, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 31, 18. 2. Kāma. vāyu-, m. Fire. smara-, m. The moon.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śākhā (शाखा).—[feminine] (adj. —° [feminine] ā & ī) branch (lit. & [figuratively]); limb, arm, leg, finger; ramification, subdivision, species, sort, branch of a Veda, i.e. Vedic school.

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Sakha (सख).—([adjective] —°) = sakhi; also united with accompanied by ([feminine] ā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Śākhā (शाखा) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Yajurvedabrāhmaṇa. Oppert. Ii, 3471. 5273. 5356. 7207. Very obscure.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śākha (शाख):—[from śākh] m. Name of a manifestation of Skanda or of his son, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] Pongamia Glabra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] mn. Name of a place, [Catalogue(s)]

4) Śākhā (शाखा):—[from śākha > śākh] a f. See next.

5) [v.s. ...] b f. (ifc. f(ā or ī). ) a branch ([literally] and [figuratively]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

6) [v.s. ...] a limb of the body, arm or leg, [Suśruta]

7) [v.s. ...] a finger, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska ii, 5]

8) [v.s. ...] the surface of the body, [Caraka]

9) [v.s. ...] a door-post, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] (cf. dvāra-ś)

10) [v.s. ...] the wing of a building, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] a division, subdivision, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

12) [v.s. ...] the third part of an astrological Saṃhitā (also khā-skandha, m.), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

13) [v.s. ...] a branch or school of the Veda (each school adhering to its own traditional text and interpretation; in the Caraṇa-vyūha, a work by Śaunaka treating of these various schools, five Śākhās are enumerated of the Ṛg-veda, viz. those of the Śākalas, Bāṣkalas, Āśvalāyanas, Śāṅkhāyanas, and Māṇḍukāyanas; forty-two or forty-four out of eighty-six of the Yajur-veda, fifteen of which belong to the Vājasaneyins, including those of the Kāṇvas and Mādhyaṃdinas; twelve out of a thousand said to have once existed of the Sāma-veda and nine of the Atharva-veda; of all these, however, the Ṛg-veda is said to be now extant in one only, viz. the Śākala-śākhā, the Yajur-veda in five and partially in six, the Sāma-veda in one or perhaps two, and the Atharva-veda in one: although the words caraṇa and śākhā are sometimes used synonymously, yet caraṇa properly applies to the sect or collection of persons united in one school, and śākhā to the traditional text followed, as in the phrase śākhām adhīte, he recites a particular version of the Veda), [Prātiśākhya; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

14) [v.s. ...] a branch of any science, [Caraka]

15) [v.s. ...] a year, [Śrīkaṇṭha-carita]

16) [v.s. ...] = pakṣāntara, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] = antika, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) Sakha (सख):—[from sac] m. (ifc. for sakhi cf. [Pāṇini 5-4, 91]) a friend, companion, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kālidāsa] etc.

19) [v.s. ...] attended or accompanied by ([compound]), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

20) [v.s. ...] the tree Mimosa Catechu, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śākha (शाख):—(khaḥ) 1. m. A plant, Galedupa. 1. f. A branch; arm; sect; subdivision; part of the animal not having sensibility, as the horn.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śākhā (शाखा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sāhā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shakha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Śākha (शाख):—(nf) a branch, twig, bough; an offshoot; lineage; —[nikalanā] emergence of an offshoot/something novel; faults to appear; —[nikalanā] to find faults; growing of an offshoot; to produce something novel; —[lagānā] growing of a branch; developing of a fault.

2) Śākhā (शाखा):—(nf) a branch; offshoot; sect; —[kāryālaya] branch office; —[nagara] a satellite town, suburban town; —[nadī] a distributory.

3) (nf) a twig, branch.

4) Sakhā (सखा):—(nm) a friend, companion; -[bhāva] friendship; friendly feeling; -[samāja] circle/company of friends.

5) Sākha (साख) [Also spelled sakh]:—(nf) credit; goodwill; reputation; trust; —[patra] letter of credit, credit note; —[uṭha jānā/ḍūbanā/meṃ baṭṭā laganā] one’s credit/goodwill to be gone/liquidated, goodwill to be lost; —[ūṃcī uṭhanā] one’s credit/goodwill to be enhanced/to go up; —[jamanā] one’s credit/goodwill to be firmly established.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śākha (ಶಾಖ):—

1) [noun] the quality of being hot; hotness; heat.

2) [noun] much hotness; great warmth; heat.

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Śākha (ಶಾಖ):—[noun] = ಶಾಖೆ - [shakhe -] 1.

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Sakha (ಸಖ):—[noun] (masc.) an intimate companion; a friend; a confidant.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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