Vega, Vegā: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Vega means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Veg.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

1) Vegā (वेगा):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Dhvaja, the fourth seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (e.g. Vegā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

2) Vegā (वेगा):—One of the sixteen yoginīs representing the sixteen petals of the Dūtīcakra. The sixteen petals comprise the outer furnishment, whereupon the abode of the Dūtīs is situated. The Dūtīs refer to the eighty-one “female messengers/deties” of the Dūtīcakra.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Vega (वेग).—Velocity. Note: Vega is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vega (वेग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.5, I.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vega) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Vega (वेग, “velocity”) refers to one of three types of Saṃskāra (impression) according to Praśastapāda (Vaiśeṣikadarśanam with Praśastapādabhāṣya), Viśvanātha (Bhāṣāpariccheda) and Annaṃbhaṭṭa (Dīpikā on Tarkasaṃgraha).—According to Praśastapāda, vega is created from motion. It abides in pṛthivī (earth) ap (water), teja (light), vāyu (air) and manas (mind). Viśvanātha also says that velocity (vega) abides only in limited (mūrta) substance. It is caused sometimes by action and sometimes by another vega. According to Annaṃbhaṭṭa, when an arrow is discharged from the bow, the motion of the arrow is vega. Vega resides in earth, water, fire, air and mind. It is defined as that which contains the generality of vegatva.

context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Vega [वेग] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Trichosanthes tricuspidata Lour. from the Cucurbitaceae (Pumpkin) family having the following synonyms: Trichosanthes palmata, Trichosanthes bracteata, Modecca bracteata. For the possible medicinal usage of vega, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Vega (वेग) refers to “natural urge”, and is mentioned in verse 2.18 and 4.24 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] all possible diseases are caused by provocation and suppression of the natural urges [viz., vega-udīraṇa-dhāraṇa]. A cure (has been) given (only) for those which (occur) most frequently among them”.

Note (verse 2.18): Vega (“natural urge”) has been rendered more specifically by gśaṅ sogs (“evacuation etc.”) The spellings gśaṅ and bśaṅ are more or less interchangeable.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Vega (वेग):—Derived from Vij to agitate, to make quickly. The Vega word means in the medical context, natural urges (for elimination), reflex, and excitement. Usually, however it is taken in the sense of natural urges of the body, which call for urgent satisfaction. in Ayurvedic parlance denotes natural reflexes or urges. They are of two types Dharaniya (Suppressible urges) such as Greed, Anger etc and Adharaniya (non suppressible urges) such as Sneezing, Slelep etc.

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context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vega (वेग) refers to the “force (of a river)”, according to the Kulakaulinīmata verse 4.136-140.—Accordingly, “The goddess Nityā is always white and, completely full, resides in the circle of the moon. She is adorned with a rosary of crystal and a book. She is in the middle of a forest of Kadamba trees and enters into one’s own body. The principle (over which she presides) is between the vital breath and is located above (Śiva) the Tranquil One. One should repeat it along with emission at the beginning and end of the Vidyā. One should make it enter with the force of a river (nadī-vega) carrying along with it all the scriptures. Once placed within the heart, one becomes the Lord of Speech himself. He knows all that is made of speech and contemplates the principle which is the meaning of all written prose. O great goddess! By reciting it a 100,000 times a man becomes a (great) poet”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vega (वेग) refers to “(great) speed”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The cosmos is the shape of a palm tree, filled with the three worlds, surrounded by the three winds having great speed (mahā-vega) [and] great power in between [the cosmos and non-cosmos]. That [cosmos] is not at all produced by anyone, not at all sustained by anyone, so also not destroyed by anyone. Nevertheless, that exists by itself without support in the atmosphere”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vega : (m.) force; speed; velocity; impulse.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vega, (cp. Vedic vega, fr. vij to tremble) quick motion, impulse, force; speed, velocity S. IV, 157; A. III, 158 (sara°); Sn. 1074; Miln. 202, 258, 391; PvA. 11, 47 (vāta°), 62 (visa°), 67, 284 (kamma°); Sdhp. 295.—Instr. vegena (adv.) quickly DhA. I, 49; another form in same meaning is vegasā, after analogy of thāmasā, balasā etc. e.g. J. III, 6; V, 117.—Cp. saṃ°. (Page 646)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vēga (वेग).—m (S) Momentum, forceful velocity, impetuosity or impetus, force of a body in motion. 2 Velocity. 3 Pain in passage, or the violence of a pain; a sharp pang. 4 Sudden impulse; sudden turning and vehement effort or intentness of mind; sudden arising and acting of the mental or vital energy. 5 A dejection or impulse or sharp movement (towards or during the discharge of the bowels).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vēga (वेग).—m Momentum; velocity. Pain in passage. Sudden impulse.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vega (वेग).—[vij-ghañ]

1) Impulse, impetus.

2) Speed, velocity, rapidity.

3) Agitation.

4) Impetuosity, violence, force.

5) A stream, current; as in अम्बुवेगः (ambuvegaḥ); रुरोध नर्मदा- वेगं बाहुभिर्बहुभिर्वृतः (rurodha narmadā- vegaṃ bāhubhirbahubhirvṛtaḥ) Rām.7.32.4,6.

6) Energy, activity, determination.

7) Power, strength; ऊरू भग्नौ प्रसह्याजौ गदया भीमवेगया (ūrū bhagnau prasahyājau gadayā bhīmavegayā) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.2.288; मदनज्वरस्य वेगात् (madanajvarasya vegāt) K.

8) Circulation, working, effect (as of poison); चिराद्वेगारम्भी प्रसृत इव तीव्रो विषरसः (cirādvegārambhī prasṛta iva tīvro viṣarasaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 2.26; V.5.18.

9) Haste, rashness, sudden impulse; कृत्यं न कुरुते वेगान्न स संतापमाप्नुयात् (kṛtyaṃ na kurute vegānna sa saṃtāpamāpnuyāt) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.19.

1) The fight of an arrow; घननीहार इवाविषक्तवेगः (ghananīhāra ivāviṣaktavegaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 13.24.

11) Love, passion.

12) The external manifestation of an internal emotion.

13) Delight, pleasure.

14) Evacuation of the feces; स्वभावतः प्रवृत्तानां मलादीनां जिजीविषुः । न वेगं धारयेद्धीरः कामादीनां च धारयेत् (svabhāvataḥ pravṛttānāṃ malādīnāṃ jijīviṣuḥ | na vegaṃ dhārayeddhīraḥ kāmādīnāṃ ca dhārayet) || Rājanighaṇṭu.

15) Semen virile.

16) Pleasure, delight.

17) Attack, paroxysm (of a disease); Suśi.

Derivable forms: vegaḥ (वेगः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vega (वेग).—nt. (Sanskrit m.), see saṃvega.

--- OR ---

Vegā (वेगा).—[, seemingly f. for vega, m., strong impulse, but read only vegāḥ, m. pl., or vegaḥ, m. sg.: suvipulā mahā- karuṇāvegā (read °gāḥ and delete daṇḍa) saṃbabhūvur Gaṇḍavyūha 331.2; -yācanakatarpaṇānivartya-(so read, see anivar- tya; or with 2d ed. °vivartya-)-vīryavegā (read °gaḥ) prādurabhavat 3; compare 20, below, mahāprītivegāḥ saṃjātāḥ, 21 cittodagratāvegaḥ prādurbhūto, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vega (वेग).—m.

(-gaḥ) 1. Speed, dispatch, velocity. 2. Impetus, momentum. 3. Stream, current. 4. Sudden impulse, transition of mind, as from passion to apathy, &c. 5. Determination, promptitude, energy, that effect of mind which is considered as the source of action. 6. Pleasure, delight. 7. Love, the sentiment or passion. 8. External indication of any internal effect, proceeding from passion, medicine, poison, &c, as convulsion, horripilation, sweat, &c. 9. Expulsion or evacuation of the naturai excretions. 10. Semen virile. 11. The flight of an arrow. 12. The fruit of a kind of mango. E. vij to tremble, &c., aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vega (वेग).—i. e. vij + a, m. 1. Speed, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 6, 6; [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 174; 258, 21 (vegād vegaṃ gam, To increase one’s speed more and more). 2. The flight of an arrow, [Kirātārjunīya] 13, 24. 3. Impetus, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 7, 11; breeze, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 127, 12. 4. Stream, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 59. 5. Sudden impulse, inconsiderate haste, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 122. 6. Energy. 7. Strength, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 3, 42. 8. Pleasure. 9. Love. 10. External indication of any internal effect, proceeding from passion, medicine, poison, etc., as convulsion, sweat, etc., [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 187, 16. 11. Evacuation of natural excretions. 12. Semen virile.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vega (वेग).—[masculine] jerk, wrench, shock; gush, flood; violence, haste, speed, quick motion; onset, eruption, burst, paroxysm, effect (of a poison); impulse, agitation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vega (वेग):—m. ([from] √vij) violent agitation, shock, jerk, [Atharva-veda; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) a stream, flood, current (of water, tears etc.), [Atharva-veda; Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) rush, dash, impetus, momentum, onset, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) impetuosity, vehemence, haste, speed, rapidity, quickness, velocity (vegād vegaṃ-√gam, to go from speed to speed, increase one’s speed), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) the flight (of an arrow), [Kirātārjunīya]

6) outbreak, outburst (of passion), excitement, agitation, emotion, [ib.]

7) attack, paroxysm (of a disease), [Suśruta]

8) circulation, working, effect (of poison; in [Suśruta] seven stages or symptoms are mentioned), [Yājñavalkya; Kāvya literature] etc.

9) expulsion of the feces, [Suśruta]

10) semen virile, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) impetus, [Kaṇāda’s Vaiśeṣika-sūtra; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

12) the fruit of Trichosanthes Palmata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) Name of a class of evil demons, [Harivaṃśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vega (वेग):—(gaḥ) 1. m. Impetus; impulse; speed; current; energy; decision; marked effect or symptom; straining; flight of an arrow; round of pleasure; love.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vega (वेग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vea.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vega in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vega (वेग) [Also spelled veg]:—(nm) speed, velocity; momentum; ~[māpī] velocimeter; ~[vatī] feminine form of ~[vāna; ~vāna] speedy, swift; —[dhāraṇa karanā] to acquire speed.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vēga (ವೇಗ):—

1) [noun] the act or state of moving or acting rapidly; swiftness; quick motion or action; speed.

2) [noun] the rate or rapidity of motion or any action; swiftness; quickness.

3) [noun] the act or manner of flowing; flow.

4) [noun] the impetus of a moving object.

5) [noun] the tendency to move fast and with force.

6) [noun] a forceful discharge (as of urine, faeces, etc.).

7) [noun] ability to do, act or produce; power.

8) [noun] an adversary; an enemy.

9) [noun] the limit or boundary (of something).

10) [noun] a kind of poison made from the seeds of nux vomica.

11) [noun] a particular gait of horses.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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