Gopala, aka: Gopāla, Go-pala; 16 Definition(s)
Gopala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)
Gopāla (गोपाल, “cow protector”) is the infant/child form of Lord Krishna, the Cowherd Boy who enchanted the Cowherd Maidens (Gopinis) with the divine sound of his flute, attracting even Kāmadeva (the Hindu god of love and passion). Historically one of the earliest forms of worship in Krishnaism or Vaishnava dharma, it is believed to be a key element of the early history of the worship of Krishna.Source: Wikipedia: Vaishnava dharma
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1a) Gopāla (गोपाल).—A name of Kṛṣṇa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 33. 8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 20. 49.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Gopāla (गोपाल).—(देव (deva)) known more by the nickname of मन्नुदेव (mannudeva) or मन्तुदेव (mantudeva) who lived in the eighteenth century and wrote several commentary works on well-known grammatical treatises such as the Vaiyakaranabhusanasara, Laghusabdendusekhara, Paribhasendusekhara etc. He is believed to have written a treatise on Ganasutras also; (2) a grammarian different from the above मन्नुदेव (mannudeva) who has written an explanatory work on the Pratisakhyas;.(3) a scholar of grammar, different from the above who is believed to have written a gloss named Visamarthadipika on the Sarasvata Vyakarana at the end of the sixteenth century.Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Gopāla (गोपाल): Name of Krishna indicating his origin as a god of flocks and herds.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Gopāla (गोपाल).—A name of Kṛṣṇa as a young boy; the Supreme Lord Kṛṣṇa, who protects the cows.Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
General definition (in Buddhism)
King Gopala (70-110 CE) and Odantapuri.—Vihara Gaudavaho of Vakpatiraja records that Kanyakubja king Yashovarman killed the king of Bengal. Taranatha says that there was no king in Bengal for many years. Later, people elected Gopala as the king of Bengal at the end of 1st century. Thus, Gopala founded the rule of Pala dynasty. King Gopala built Odantapuri Vihara.
King Gopala also conquered Magadha and ruled for 45 years. According to Indradutta, Gopala became king immediately after the death of Acharya Charin (Krishnacharya?) whereas Kshemendrabhadra says that Gopala became king seven years later.Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism
India history and geogprahy
Gopāla (गोपाल) is an example of a Vaiṣṇavite name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Classification of personal names according to deities (eg., from Vaiṣṇavism) were sometimes used by more than one person and somehow seem to have been popular. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Gopāla) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
Gopāla is the name of a king from Nalapura hailing from the Yajvapāla dynasty, as mentioned in inscriptions from Baṅglā (1281 A.D.). The Dāhi grant mentions Nalapura-pati Gopāla as one of the rulers vanquished by Mallāya who was probably a general of Vīravarman.Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)
Gopāla.—(IE 8-8), a milkman or cowherd. Note: gopāla is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
gopāla : (m.) a cowherd.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
gōpāla (गोपाल).—m (S) pop. gōpāḷa m A cowherd. 2 A king. 3 A name of kṛṣṇa. 4 A caste or an individual of it. They are leapers and tumblers. They break stones with the bare arm, lift great weights, and perform feats of strength.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
gōpāla (गोपाल) [-ḷa, -ळ].—m A cowherd. A name of kṛṣṇa. A king.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) a cowherd; Ms.4.253.
2) a king.
3) an epithet of Śiva.
4) an epithet of Kṛṣṇa. °धानी (dhānī) a cow-pen, cow-shed.
Derivable forms: gopālaḥ (गोपालः).
Gopāla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and pāla (पाल).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Gopāla (गोपाल).—(= Pali id.), n. of a yakṣa: Māy 103; 237.1.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
(-laḥ) 1. A King, a sovereign. 2. A cowherd. 3. A name of Krishna. E. go the earth, &c. and pāla who preserves or protects. gāṃ bhūmiṃ paśubhedaṃ vā pālayati pāli aṇ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 39 books and stories containing Gopala, Gopāla or Go-pala. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter XXVIII - The mode of worshipping the Gopala Manifestation of Vishnu < [Agastya Samhita]
The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.3.69 < [Chapter 3 - Bhajana: Worship]
Verse 2.4.114 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha: The Spiritual Kingdom]
Verse 2.1.36-37 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya: Renunciation]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)