Gopala, Gopāla, Go-pala: 24 definitions
Gopala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Gopāla (गोपाल).—A name of Kṛṣṇa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 33. 8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 20. 49.
Gopāla (गोपाल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Gopāla) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Wikipedia: Vaishnava dharma
Gopāla (गोपाल, “cow protector”) is the infant/child form of Lord Krishna, the Cowherd Boy who enchanted the Cowherd Maidens (Gopinis) with the divine sound of his flute, attracting even Kāmadeva (the Hindu god of love and passion). Historically one of the earliest forms of worship in Krishnaism or Vaishnava dharma, it is believed to be a key element of the early history of the worship of Krishna.Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
Gopāla (गोपाल).—A name of Kṛṣṇa as a young boy; the Supreme Lord Kṛṣṇa, who protects the cows.Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam
Gopāla (गोपाल) refers to:—A name of Kṛṣṇa as a young cowherd; the protector of the cows. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Gopāla (गोपाल).—(देव (deva)) known more by the nickname of मन्नुदेव (mannudeva) or मन्तुदेव (mantudeva) who lived in the eighteenth century and wrote several commentary works on well-known grammatical treatises such as the Vaiyakaranabhusanasara, Laghusabdendusekhara, Paribhasendusekhara etc. He is believed to have written a treatise on Ganasutras also; (2) a grammarian different from the above मन्नुदेव (mannudeva) who has written an explanatory work on the Pratisakhyas;.(3) a scholar of grammar, different from the above who is believed to have written a gloss named Visamarthadipika on the Sarasvata Vyakarana at the end of the sixteenth century.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Gopāla (गोपाल): Name of Krishna indicating his origin as a god of flocks and herds.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism
King Gopala (70-110 CE) and Odantapuri.—Vihara Gaudavaho of Vakpatiraja records that Kanyakubja king Yashovarman killed the king of Bengal. Taranatha says that there was no king in Bengal for many years. Later, people elected Gopala as the king of Bengal at the end of 1st century. Thus, Gopala founded the rule of Pala dynasty. King Gopala built Odantapuri Vihara.
King Gopala also conquered Magadha and ruled for 45 years. According to Indradutta, Gopala became king immediately after the death of Acharya Charin (Krishnacharya?) whereas Kshemendrabhadra says that Gopala became king seven years later.
India history and geographySource: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
Gopāla (गोपाल) is an example of a Vaiṣṇavite name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Classification of personal names according to deities (e.g., from Vaiṣṇavism) were sometimes used by more than one person and somehow seem to have been popular. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (e.g., Gopāla) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)
Gopāla is the name of a king from Nalapura hailing from the Yajvapāla dynasty, as mentioned in inscriptions from Baṅglā (1281 A.D.). The Dāhi grant mentions Nalapura-pati Gopāla as one of the rulers vanquished by Mallāya who was probably a general of Vīravarman.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Gopāla.—(IE 8-8), a milkman or cowherd. Note: gopāla is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
gopāla : (m.) a cowherd.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
gōpāla (गोपाल).—m (S) pop. gōpāḷa m A cowherd. 2 A king. 3 A name of kṛṣṇa. 4 A caste or an individual of it. They are leapers and tumblers. They break stones with the bare arm, lift great weights, and perform feats of strength.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
gōpāla (गोपाल) [-ḷa, -ळ].—m A cowherd. A name of kṛṣṇa. A king.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) a cowherd; Ms.4.253.
2) a king.
3) an epithet of Śiva.
4) an epithet of Kṛṣṇa. °धानी (dhānī) a cow-pen, cow-shed.
Derivable forms: gopālaḥ (गोपालः).
Gopāla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and pāla (पाल).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Gopāla (गोपाल).—(= Pali id.), name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 103; 237.1.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-laḥ) 1. A King, a sovereign. 2. A cowherd. 3. A name of Krishna. E. go the earth, &c. and pāla who preserves or protects. gāṃ bhūmiṃ paśubhedaṃ vā pālayati pāli aṇ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gopāla (गोपाल).—I. m. 1. a cowherd, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 251. 2. a king, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 249. 3. a proper name. Ii. f. lī, a proper name.
Gopāla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and pāla (पाल).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gopāla (गोपाल).—[masculine] cowherd; prince, king; [Epithet] of Kṛṣṇa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Gopāla (गोपाल) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—See Gārgyagopāla.
2) Gopāla (गोपाल):—minister of Kīrtivarmadeva. See introduction to Prabodhacandrodaya.
3) Gopāla (गोपाल):—one of the gurus of Nīlakaṇṭha (Bhāratabhāvadīpa). Oxf. 1^b.
4) Gopāla (गोपाल):—guru of Rāmacandra (Kālanirṇayadīpikā). W. p. 331.
5) Gopāla (गोपाल):—son of Kāvajī, brother of Sūrya and Rāmakṛṣṇa, father of Gaṇeśa (Jātakālaṃkāra 1614). L. 2443.
6) Gopāla (गोपाल):—father of Raṅgabhaṭṭa, father of Viṣṇu Paṇḍita, father of Candraśekhara (Śiśupālavadhaṭīkā). L. 3040.
7) Gopāla (गोपाल):—son of Nārāyaṇa, father of Padmanābha Dīkṣita (Prayogadarpaṇa). L. 1775.
8) Gopāla (गोपाल):—father of Viśvanātha (Vrataprakāśa). Oxf. 283^b.
9) Gopāla (गोपाल):—a writer on dharma, is mentioned by Śrīdatta in Śrāddhakalpa. L. 1924.
10) Gopāla (गोपाल):—father of Rāmānanda, grandfather of Jānakīnandana (Vṛttadarpaṇa) wrote a
—[commentary] on the Kaṇādasūtra and a Kāvyakaumudī L. 2038.
11) Gopāla (गोपाल):—Caitanyacaritāmṛta. Proceed. Asb. 1865, 139.
12) Gopāla (गोपाल):—wrote in 1606: Dravyaguṇa med. He quotes the Dravyaguṇa by Cakra and Nārāyaṇa. L. 2927.
13) Gopāla (गोपाल):—Pañcopākhyāna. B. 2, 130.
14) Gopāla (गोपाल):—Bhāsvatīṭīkā jy. Oudh. 1877, 28.
15) Gopāla (गोपाल):—One of the compilers of the Vivādārṇavabhaṅga. Peters. 2, 53.
16) Gopāla (गोपाल):—Vivekāmṛta, vedānta. Oudh. Iv, 17.
17) Gopāla (गोपाल):—Śālavaṃśanṛpamuktāvalī. Lahore. 4.
18) Gopāla (गोपाल):—Śulbasūtraṭīkā. Np. Ii, 2. Iii, 96.
19) Gopāla (गोपाल):—Sārasvataṭīkā Viṣamārthadīpikā [grammatical] B. 3, 30.
20) Gopāla (गोपाल):—Śrautakārīkāḥ Baudh. read Bu7hler 539.
21) Gopāla (गोपाल):—Rāsāryaguchāḥ.
22) Gopāla (गोपाल):—son of Kāhnajī: Jātakālaṃkāra.
23) Gopāla (गोपाल):—called also vopadeva, son of Nṛsiṃha, grandson of Gopāla, pupil of Meṅganātha, composed in 1438: Rasamañjarīvikāsa.
24) Gopāla (गोपाल):—Āśvalāyanagṛhyakārikāvalī.
25) Gopāla (गोपाल):—Kuṇḍamṛdaṅga.
26) Gopāla (गोपाल):—son of Narasiṃha, pupil of Raṅgarāja: Āpastambaśulbarahasyaprakāśa.
—[commentary] on Āpastamba’s Darśapūrṇamāsaprāyaścittasūtra. Darśapūrṇamāseṣṭi Āpast. Darśapūrṇamāseṣṭipaddhati Baudh. Nakṣatreṣṭiprayoga Baudh.
27) Gopāla (गोपाल):—Nānārthasaṃgraha lex.
28) Gopāla (गोपाल):—Baudhāyanaśrautakārikā.
29) Gopāla (गोपाल):—son of Durgādāsa: Tattvaprakāśikā Devīmāhātmyaṭīkā.
30) Gopāla (गोपाल):—son of Sukhadhara: Ratirahasyaṭīkā.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Gopāla (गोपाल):—[=go-pāla] [from go] m. (proparox, [Pāṇini 6-2, 78]) a cowherd, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxx, 11; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa iv; Manu-smṛti iv, 253; Yājñavalkya] etc. (ifc. f(ā). , [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 67, 25])
2) [v.s. ...] ‘earth-protector’, a king (and ‘cowherd’), [Pañcatantra]
3) [v.s. ...] (= -pati) Kṛṣṇa, [Mahābhārata iii, 15530]
4) [v.s. ...] Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] Name of a demon causing fever, [Harivaṃśa 9556]
6) [v.s. ...] of a Nāga, [Buddhist literature]
7) [v.s. ...] of a minister of king Bimbi-sāra, [ib.]
8) [v.s. ...] of a king, [ib.]
9) [v.s. ...] of a general of king Kīrti-varman, [Prabodha-candrodaya i, 4]
10) [v.s. ...] of a scholar, [Pratāparudrīya [Scholiast or Commentator]]
11) [v.s. ...] = -pālaka q.v.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gopāla (गोपाल):—[go-pāla] (laḥ) 1. m. A king; a cowherd; Krishna.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Gopāla (गोपाल):—(go + pāla) [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa] gopāla [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 78.]
1) m. a) Kuhhirt [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 57.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 390.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 889.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 644.] [Medinīkoṣa l. 86.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 30, 11.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 4, 1, 5, 4.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 253.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 166.] [Mahābhārata 3, 14700. 4, 175.] [Harivaṃśa 4080.] [Suśruta 1, 136, 3.] grāmakāmaṃ ca gopālam [Pañcatantra III, 72.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 2, 3.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. f. āḥ agopālā yathā gāvaḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 67, 25.] — b) der Herr der Erde, König [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] Kuhhirt und König zugleich: gopālena prajādhenorvittadugdhaṃ śanaiḥ śanaiḥ . pālanātpoṣaṇādgrāhyam [Pañcatantra I, 249.] — c) der Kuhhirt κατ´ έξοχήν, Kṛṣṇa [Mahābhārata 3, 15530.] gopālapūjāpaddhati [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1321.] — d) ein Beiname Śiva’s [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 42.] [Medinīkoṣa] — e) Nomen proprium eines Wesens im Gefolge von Śiva [VYĀḌI] zu [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 210.] [Harivaṃśa] [LANGL. I, 512.] — f) Nomen proprium eines Nāga [Hiouen-Thsang I, 99.] — g) Nomen proprium eines Ministers des Königs Bimbisāra [Lebensbeschreibung Śākyamuni’s 252 (22). 268 (38).] eines Königs [WASSILJEW 54. 80.] eines Feldherrn (und Brahmanen nach dem [Scholiast]) des Königs Kīrtivarman [Prabodhacandrodaja 2, 8. 3, 9.] eines Fürstensohnes ( = gopālaka) [Kathāsaritsāgara 16, 103.] gopālacakravartin Nomen proprium eines Scholiasten [Colebrooke II, 46. 57.] gopālācārya [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 540.] gopālamiśra [1321.] āvasathika [266.] śrīmad [736. 1168.] —
2) f. ī a) Nomen proprium einer der Mütter im Gefolge von Skanda [Mahābhārata 9, 2622.] — b) Nomen proprium einer Tschāṇḍālī [Burnouf 377.] — c) Name zweier Pflanzen: α) = gopālakarkaṭī . — β) = gorakṣī [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]
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1) g) jī [HALL 93.] tīrtha [168.] bhaṭṭa [171. 193. fg.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) m. — a) Kuhhirt. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā. — b) Fürst , König. — c) Beiname — α) Kṛṣna's. — β) Śiva's. — d) Nomen proprium — α) Fischerdämons [Harivaṃśa 9556.] — β) eines Schlangendämons. — γ) verschiedener Fürsten , Staatsmänner und Gelehrten ([Kumārasvāmin] zu [Pratāparudriya 288,1]) Auch cakravartin , jī , tīrtha , bhaṭṭa , miśra , gopālā , cārya , āvasathika , śrīmadgopāla. —
2) f. gopālī — a) *eine Gurkenart und *eine anderer Pflanze. — b) Nomen proprium — α) einer der Mütter im Gefolge Skanda's. — β) einer Cāṇḍālī.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+97): Gopala acarya, Gopala avasathika, Gopala bhatta, Gopala bhatta guha, Gopala cakravartin, Gopala kavi, Gopala mishra, Gopala nyayapancanana, Gopala nyayapancanana bhattacarya, Gopala pandita, Gopala paramahamsaparivrajakacarya, Gopala sarasvati, Gopala sharman, Gopala siddhanta, Gopala siddhantavagisha, Gopala yogin, Gopalabhatta, Gopalacaitanya, Gopalacakravartin, Gopalacampu.
Ends with: Agopala, Balagopala, Bhatta gopala, Bhattagopala, Gandagopala, Jayagopala, Jegopala, Kandagopala, Lauhityabhattagopala, Madanagopala, Maunagopala, Nandgopala, Rajanaka gopala, Ramagopala, Samtanagopala, Santanagopala, Sategopala, Tirthagopala, Varttikagopala, Venugopala.
Full-text (+280): Gopalamatha, Gopalakeshava, Gaupalayana, Gaupalapashupalika, Gopaladhanipulasa, Gopalacampu, Gopalakalpa, Gopalarahasya, Gopalatapini, Gopalatapaniyopanishad, Gopalamishra, Gopalabhatta, Gopalacakravartin, Gopalatirtha, Gopalasahi, Gopalakelicandrika, Gopalaprasada, Gopalavarman, Gopalagiri, Gopalapura.
Search found 51 books and stories containing Gopala, Gopāla, Gōpāla, Go-pala, Go-pāla; (plurals include: Gopalas, Gopālas, Gōpālas, palas, pālas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 1.2.20 < [Chapter 2 - Divya (the celestial plane)]
Verse 2.1.104 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya (renunciation)]
Verse 2.3.69 < [Chapter 3 - Bhajana (loving service)]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter XXVIII - The mode of worshipping the Gopala Manifestation of Vishnu < [Agastya Samhita]
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Abhinaya-darpana (English) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)