Sharva, Śarva, Śarvā, Sarva, Sārva, Śārva, Sarvā: 21 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sharva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śarva and Śarvā and Śārva can be transliterated into English as Sarva or Sharva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

1) Śarva (शर्व), one of the fifty Rudras according to the Caryāpāda section of the Makuṭāgama (one of the 28 Saiva Siddhanta Agamas).

2) Śarva (शर्व) refers to one of the “eight lords of divisions” (vigraheśvara) associated with the so-called eight divisions (vigraha) according to the Mataṅgapārameśvara (1.8.83–5). These “eight lords of divisions” are also mentioned in a copper-plate inscription found in Malhar, Chhattisgarh, written around 650 CE. The eight divisions (vigraha) represent the uppermost part of the Lākulas’ impure universe.

All these manifestations of Śiva (e.g., Śarva) appear at the borders of various divisions of the universe according to the Lākula system.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

1) Śarva (शर्व) is the name of a deity who received the Kāraṇāgama from Kāraṇa through the mahānsambandha relation, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The kāraṇa-āgama, being part of the ten Śivabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgamas: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Śarva obtained the Kāraṇāgama from Kāraṇa who in turn obtained it from Sadāśiva through parasambandha. Śarva in turn, transmitted it to Prajāpati who then, through divya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Kāraṇāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

2) Sarva (सर्व) or Sarvāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Vātulāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Sarva Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Vātula-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy

Śarva (शर्व):—One of the eight names of Rudra, given to him by Brahmā, according to the Pādma-purāṇa. This aspect became the presiding deity over the water. The corresponding name of the consort is Uṣā. His son is called Śukra.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Śarva (शर्व).—One of the eleven Rudras. (Bhāgavata, 6th Skandha).

2) Sarva (सर्व).—Another name of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 70, Verse 12).

3) Sarvā (सर्वा).—A Purāṇic river. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 89, Verse 36).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śarva (शर्व, “everything”) refers to an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to you, O lord, having the splendour of innumerable suns. Obeisance to you, the Bhava, the lord in the form of flavour and fluid. Obeisance to you who are every thing (Śarva), who are in the form of fragrant earth. Obeisance to Him of great splendour, Him in the form of fire”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Śarva (शर्व).—A name of Śiva Rudra;1 the presiding deity of the earth;2 represents the earth and hence the earth should not be made impure or unclean;3 the lord created by Brahmā in the 30th Kalpa who made aṭṭahāsa;4 the third son of Kṛṣṇalohita;5 his wife, Vikeśi and son Angāraka.6

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 15. 28; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 25. 23; Matsya-purāṇa 180. 19; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 8. 6; 15. 122; III. 2. 11; V. 34. 1.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 265. 40.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 10.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 22. 28.
  • 5) Ib. 27. 28.
  • 6) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 78; 13. 54.

2) Śarvā (शर्वा).—A name of Umā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 10. 35.

3a) Sarva (सर्व).—A son of Dhanuṣa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 30.

3b) A son of Atri, the avatār of the 12th dvāpara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 157.

3c) A grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu; (but in 31. 18 putra is substituted for this name).*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 9.

3d) Sarvavit, Sarvātma, epithets of Viṣṇu ety.1 of.2

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 17. 9.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 5. 37.

4) Sārva (सार्व).—A particular period of the day.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 40.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śarva (शर्व) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.2) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śarva) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Śarva (शर्व) is the deity to be worshipped in the month Śravaṇa for the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-Vrata, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-vrata is observed in honour of Śiva for acquiring virtue, great fortune, wealth and for destruction of sins [...] This vrata is to be performed for a year from Mārgaśīra.—In Śravaṇa the tooth-brush is pālāsa-wood, deity is Śarva, food is arkapatra and the result is the region of Śiva.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Śarva (शर्व) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (e.g., Śarva).

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)

Sārva (सार्व) or Sārvasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a tāmasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa. c. Tāmasa (e.g., Sārva-saṃhitā).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sarva (सर्व).—a (S) All, every part, the whole mass or quantity: also all, every one, the whole multitude or number: also all, the whole duration or extent. 2 Complete, entire, whole, perfect.

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sārva (सार्व).—a S Relating to the whole or all.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sarva (सर्व).—a All; every one; complete.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śarva (शर्व).—

1) Name of Śiva; कतिचिदवनिपालः शर्वरीः शर्वकल्पः पुरमविशदयोध्याम् (katicidavanipālaḥ śarvarīḥ śarvakalpaḥ puramaviśadayodhyām) R.11.93; Ku.6.14.

2) Name of Viṣṇu.

Derivable forms: śarvaḥ (शर्वः).

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Śārva (शार्व).—a. Belonging or relating to Śiva.

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Sarva (सर्व).—Pron. a. [sṛtamanena viśvamiti sarvam Uṇ.1.151] (nom. pl. sarve m.)

1) All, every; उपर्युपरि पश्यन्तः सर्व एव दरिद्रति (uparyupari paśyantaḥ sarva eva daridrati) H.2.2; रिक्तः सर्वो भवति हि लघुः पूर्णता गौरवाय (riktaḥ sarvo bhavati hi laghuḥ pūrṇatā gauravāya) Me. 2.

2) Whole, entire, complete.

-rvaḥ 1 Name of Viṣṇu.

2) of Śiva.

-rvam Water.

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Sārva (सार्व).—a. (-rvī f.)

1) General, universal.

2) Fit or suitable for all; संभवन्ति यददोषदूषिते सार्व सर्वगुणसंपदस्त्वयि (saṃbhavanti yadadoṣadūṣite sārva sarvaguṇasaṃpadastvayi) Śi.14.4.

-rvaḥ A Buddhist or Jaina saint.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sarva (सर्व).—(Sanskrit), all; adv. forms, especially sarveṇa (noted by itself as adv. only in Mahāvastu i.90.6, all mss., Senart em. sarve te, wrongly), altogether; this is commonly emphasized by addition of a variety of other adv. forms in meaning ab- solutely altogether, in the most complete way: especially sarveṇa sarvam (= Pali sabbena sabbaṃ) Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 321.8; Lalitavistara 255.18; Mahāvyutpatti 6405; Mahāvastu ii.260.6, 7; 261.8; iii.223.6, 8; Divyāvadāna 39.1; 105.7; 270.11; 502.22; Śikṣāsamuccaya 349.11; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 400.5; 561.17; Daśabhūmikasūtra 39.26; Bodhisattvabhūmi 324.1; in Mahāvastu i.126.8 probably read sarveṇa sarvaṃ (ed. with mss. sarva-)śūnyaṃ; sarveṇa sarvaṃ [Page583-b+ 71] sarvathā Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 77.7; Bodhisattvabhūmi 11.19; sarvathā sarvaṃ (= Pali sabbathā sabbaṃ) Mahāvyutpatti 6406 (follows 6405, above); sar- veṇa sarvaṃ sarvathā sarvaṃ Śikṣāsamuccaya 349.20; 350.7, 13; Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 255.4; Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 169.1, 6; Aṣṭasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 25.13 et al.; sarveṇa sarvaḥ (read sarvaṃ) sarvathā sarvaṃ sarvadā Śikṣāsamuccaya 9.13, see note p. 395, which cites Bcp. as reading in the same passage sarveṇa sarvaṃ sarvathā, only. See also sarvehi and sarvatratāye.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarva (शर्व) or Śarvva.—m.

(-rvaḥ) Siva. E. śarv to injure, Unadi aff. ac; also sarva .

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Sarva (सर्व) or Sarvva.—mfn.

(-rvaḥ-rvā-rvaṃ) All, whole, complete, universal, entire. m.

(-rvaḥ) 1. Siva. 2. Vishnu. E. sṛ to go, to pervade, (the world,) van Unadi aff.; also according to some authorities preferable, sarbba as above.

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Sārva (सार्व) or Sārvva.—mfn.

(-rvaḥ-rvī-rvaṃ) Suitable to or fit for all, relating to all, &c. m.

(-rvaḥ) A Jaina deified sage. E. sarva all, (knowledge, &c.), aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarva (शर्व).—i. e. śṛ10 + va (cf. śaru), I. m. A name of Śiva, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 169; [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 15408. Ii. f. śarvāṇī, Śiva’s wife.

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Śārva (शार्व).—i. e. śarva + a, adj. Belonging to Śiva, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 10.

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Sarva (सर्व).—probably sa + tra + va, I. adj., f. . 1. All, [Nala] 17, 50. 2. Every, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 20; 91. 3. Whole, entire, [Pañcatantra] 53, 24. Ii. m. Viṣṇu, Śiva.

— Cf. [Latin] soll-ennis, soll-ers, salvus, salus (= ved. sarva + tāti, ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarva (शर्व).—[masculine] [Name] of a god killing with arrows, in [later language] = Rudra-Śiva.

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Śārva (शार्व).—[feminine] ī relating to Śarva (Śiva); [with] diś [feminine] the north-east.

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Sarva (सर्व).—[adjective] whole, entire, all; [masculine] sgl. everyone, [plural] all ([with] api all together); [neuter] sgl. everything. — With a neg. not every, not every one or everything, no, nothing.

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Sārva (सार्व).—[adjective] useful to all.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Śarva (शर्व) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śarva (शर्व):—[from śara] a m. ([from] śaru) Name of a god who kills people with arrows (mentioned together with Bhava and other names of Rudra-Śiva)

2) [v.s. ...] Name of the god Śiva (often in the later language; [especially] in the form Kṣitimūrti; [dual number] Śarva and Śarvāṇī cf. [Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti v, 2, 21]), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] of one of the 11 Rudras, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] of Viṣṇu, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dhanuṣa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] of a poet, [Sadukti-karṇāmṛta]

7) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a people, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa] ([wrong reading] sarva)

8) Śarvā (शर्वा):—[from śarva > śara] f. Name of Umā, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

9) Śarva (शर्व):—b śarvaka etc. See p. 1057, col. 1

10) Śārva (शार्व):—mf(ī)n. ([from] śarva) relating or belonging or sacred to or derived from Śiva, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] (with diś f. the east, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā])

11) Sarva (सर्व):—mf(ā)n. (perhaps connected with sāra q.v.; inflected as a pronoun except [nominative case] [accusative] sg. n. sarvam, and serving as a model for a series of pronominals cf. sarva-nāman) whole, entire, all, every (m. sg. ‘every one’; [plural] ‘all’; n. sg. ‘everything’; sometimes strengthened by viśva [which if alone in [Ṛg-veda] appears in the meaning ‘all’, ‘every’, ‘every one’] and nikhila; sarvepi, ‘all together’; sarvaḥ kopi, ‘every one so ever’; gavāṃ sarvam, ‘all that comes from cows’; sarva with a negation = ‘not any’, ‘no’, ‘none’ or ‘not every one’, ‘not everything’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

12) of all sorts, manifold, various, different, [Mahābhārata] etc.

13) (with another adjective or in [compound]; cf. below) altogether, wholly, completely, in all parts, everywhere, [Ṛg-veda; Chāndogya-upaniṣad] etc.

14) m. (declined like a [substantive]) Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

15) of Kṛṣṇa, [Bhagavad-gītā]

16) of a Muni, [Catalogue(s)]

17) [plural] Name of a people, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

18) n. water, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 12.]

19) cf. [Greek] ὅλος for ὁλϝος [Latin] salvus.

20) Sārva (सार्व):—mfn. ([from] sarva, of which it is also the Vṛddhi form in [compound]) relating to all, fit or good for all, [Śiśupāla-vadha xiv, 4] (cf. [Pāṇini 5-1, 10])

21) general, universal (See [compound])

22) m. a Buddha or a Jina, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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