Dhatri, aka: Dhātṛ, Dhātrī, Dhātri; 14 Definition(s)

Introduction

Dhatri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dhātṛ can be transliterated into English as Dhatr or Dhatri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Dhātrī (धात्री):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Randhra, the first seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (eg. Dhātrī) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

Source: Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

1) Dhātṛ (धातृ, “Supporter”):—One of the male offspring from Mahālakṣmī (rajas-form of Mahādevī). Mahālakṣmī is one of the three primary forms of Devī, the other two being Mahākālī and Mahāsarasvatī. Not to be confused with Lakṣmī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named rajas. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.

2) Dhātrī (धात्री):—Name of one of the goddesses to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva (“The truth concerning Durgā’s ritual”). They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ह्रीं ओं धात्र्यै नमः
hrīṃ oṃ dhātryai namaḥ

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Dhātṛ (धातृ, “supporter”):—One of the names attributed to Devī, as chanted by the Vedas in their hymns, who were at the time incarnated in their personified forms. See the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa chapter 5.51-68, called “the narrative of Hayagrīva”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Dhātṛ (धातृ):—One of the eight gatekeepers who are said to embody the eight siddhis (‘yogic powers’).

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Dhātrī (धात्री) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Emblic myrobalan”, a species of plant from the Phyllanthaceae family, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It also known by the name Āmalakī, and in the Hindi language it is known as Āmvala. The official botanical name of the plant is Emblica officinalis (or, Phyllanthus emblica) and in English it is commonly known as “Malacca tree”, “Indian gooseberry” or “Emblic myrobalan” among many others. The literal translation of Dhātrī is “midwife” or “mother”.

This plant (Dhātrī) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the name Āmalakī.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Dhātrī (धात्री) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).  The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Dhātrī], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

2) Dhātrī (धात्री) is the name of a tree (Āmalki) that is associated with the Nakṣatra (celestial star) named Bharṇī, according to the same chapter. Accordingly, “these [trees] are propounded in Śāstras, the secret scriptures (śāstrāgama). These pious trees [viz, Dhātrī], if grown and protected, promote long life”. These twenty-seven trees related to the twenty-seven Nakṣatras are supposed to be Deva-vṛkṣas or Nakṣatra-vṛkṣas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Dhātrī (धात्री) is a Sanskrit word for Woodfordia fruticosa, identified by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as bearing good fruits. The King should plant such domestic plants in and near villages. He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat. Note: Phyllanthus distichus is a synonym of Phyllanthus acidus.

The following is an ancient Indian recipe for such nourishment of trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.105-109: “The trees (such as dhātrī) are to be watered in the morning and evening in summer, every alternate day in winter, in the fifth part of the day (i.e., afternoon) in spring, never in the rainy season. If trees have their fruits destroyed, the pouring of cold water after being cooked together with Kulutha, Māṣa (seeds), Mudga (pulse), Yava (barley) and Tila (oil seed) would lead to the growth of flowers and fruits. Growth of trees can be helped by the application of water with which fishes are washed and cleansed.”

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana

Dhatri in Purana glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

1a) Dhātṛ (धातृ).—An Āditya—Icon of1 in the sun's chariot in the months of Caitra and Madhu.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 6. 4; 126. 3; 171. 56; 261. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 66. Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 130.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 4; V. 18. 56.

1b) Deserted by his wife Tuṣṭi for Soma: created order in the Universe.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 23. 24; 38. 9.

2a) Dhātri (धात्रि).—A constellation.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 23. 5.

2b) A son of Bhṛgu and Khyātī; married Āyatī, a daughter of Meru.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 43-4; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 37; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 34.

2c) A son of Aditi. Had four wives, each of whom brought forth a son;1 an Āditya of the Vaivasvata epoch.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 39; 18. 3.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 67-69.

2d) A name of Brahmā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 1. 50; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 88.

2e) The name of the sun in the month of Caitra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 33.

3a) Dhātrī (धात्री).—Wife of Bhava and mother of Uśanas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 77.

3b) Earth.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 226; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 193.

3c) A nurse of the Śūdra caste.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 162; 96. 41; 99. 70.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Dhātṛ (धातृ) refers to the tenth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—Due to having birth in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘dhata’/‘dhatri’ the native has pride of possessing all kinds of good qualities, is extremely beautiful, devoted to his ‘guru’ (teacher), skilled in craft or art and courteous and good-mannered.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year dhata (1996-1997 AD) will be addicted to other people's wives and a crafty lawyer.

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

dhātrī (धात्री).—f S Emblic myrobalan, Phyllanthus emblica. 2 A mother, fostermother, or nurse, any fostering female.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhātrī (धात्री).—f A mother, fostermother or nurse.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhātṛ (धातृ).—m. [dhā-tṛc]

1) A maker, creator, originator, author.

2) A bearer, preserver, supporter.

3) An epithet of Brahmā, the creator of the world; मन्ये दुर्जनचित्तवृत्तिहरणे धातापि भग्नोद्यमः (manye durjanacittavṛttiharaṇe dhātāpi bhagnodyamaḥ) H.2.124; R.13.6; Si.1.13; Ku.7.44; Ki.12.33; सूर्याचन्द्रमसौ धाता यथापूर्व- मकल्पयत् (sūryācandramasau dhātā yathāpūrva- makalpayat) | Mahānārāyṇa Up.

4) An epithet of Viṣṇu; Mb.12.15.18.

5) The soul.

6) N. for the seven sages (saptarṣi) being the first creation of Brahmā cf. पुरातनाः पुराविद्भिर्धातार इति कीर्तिताः (purātanāḥ purāvidbhirdhātāra iti kīrtitāḥ) Ku.6.9.

7) A married woman's paramour, adulterer.

8) One of the forty-nine winds.

9) An arranger.

1) One who nourishes.

11) A star among ध्रुवमत्स्य (dhruvamatsya); Bhāg.5.23.5.

12) Fate, destiny; धाता यथा मां विदधीत लोके ध्रुवं तथाऽहं भवितेति मत्वा (dhātā yathā māṃ vidadhīta loke dhruvaṃ tathā'haṃ bhaviteti matvā) Mb.1.89.1.

--- OR ---

Dhātrī (धात्री).—

1) A nurse, wet-nurse, fostermother; उवाच धात्र्या प्रथमोदितं वचः (uvāca dhātryā prathamoditaṃ vacaḥ) R.3.25; Ku.7.25.

2) A mother; Y.3.82; सुविचार्य गुणान् दोषान् कुर्याद् धात्रीं तदेदृशीम् (suvicārya guṇān doṣān kuryād dhātrīṃ tadedṛśīm) Bhāva. P.

3) The earth; सद्यस्तनं परिमलं परिपीय धात्र्याः (sadyastanaṃ parimalaṃ paripīya dhātryāḥ) Rām. Ch.5.5.

4) The tree called आमलक (āmalaka).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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