Dhatri, Dhātrī, Dhātṛ, Dhātri: 21 definitions
Dhatri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Dhātṛ can be transliterated into English as Dhatr or Dhatri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā
Dhātrī (धात्री):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Randhra, the first seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (eg. Dhātrī) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
1) Dhātṛ (धातृ, “Supporter”):—One of the male offspring from Mahālakṣmī (rajas-form of Mahādevī). Mahālakṣmī is one of the three primary forms of Devī, the other two being Mahākālī and Mahāsarasvatī. Not to be confused with Lakṣmī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named rajas. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.
2) Dhātrī (धात्री):—Name of one of the goddesses to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva (“The truth concerning Durgā’s ritual”). They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.
Her mantra is as follows:
Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
ह्रीं ओं धात्र्यै नमः
hrīṃ oṃ dhātryai namaḥ
Dhātṛ (धातृ, “supporter”):—One of the names attributed to Devī, as chanted by the Vedas in their hymns, who were at the time incarnated in their personified forms. See the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa chapter 5.51-68, called “the narrative of Hayagrīva”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Dhātṛ (धातृ):—One of the eight gatekeepers who are said to embody the eight siddhis (‘yogic powers’).
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Dhātrī (धात्री) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Emblic myrobalan”, a species of plant from the Phyllanthaceae family, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It also known by the name Āmalakī, and in the Hindi language it is known as Āmvala. The official botanical name of the plant is Emblica officinalis (or, Phyllanthus emblica) and in English it is commonly known as “Malacca tree”, “Indian gooseberry” or “Emblic myrobalan” among many others. The literal translation of Dhātrī is “midwife” or “mother”.
This plant (Dhātrī) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the name Āmalakī.Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
1) Dhātrī (धात्री) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Dhātrī], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.
2) Dhātrī (धात्री) is the name of a tree (Āmalki) that is associated with the Nakṣatra (celestial star) named Bharṇī, according to the same chapter. Accordingly, “these [trees] are propounded in Śāstras, the secret scriptures (śāstrāgama). These pious trees [viz, Dhātrī], if grown and protected, promote long life”. These twenty-seven trees related to the twenty-seven Nakṣatras are supposed to be Deva-vṛkṣas or Nakṣatra-vṛkṣas.Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Dhātrī (धात्री) refers to “gooseberry” which is used in the preparation of pickles (upadaṃśa) and represents a type of vegetable (śāka) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Upadaṃśa is a section which describes only the properties of pickles. Their preparation is not described here. The pickles prepared by different items [like dhātrī (gooseberry), etc.] are described in detail.Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Dhātrī (धात्री) is another name for “Āmalaka” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning dhātrī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dhātrī (धात्री) is a Sanskrit word for Woodfordia fruticosa, identified by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as bearing good fruits. The King should plant such domestic plants in and near villages. He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat. Note: Phyllanthus distichus is a synonym of Phyllanthus acidus.
The following is an ancient Indian recipe for such nourishment of trees:
According to Śukranīti 4.4.105-109: “The trees (such as dhātrī) are to be watered in the morning and evening in summer, every alternate day in winter, in the fifth part of the day (i.e., afternoon) in spring, never in the rainy season. If trees have their fruits destroyed, the pouring of cold water after being cooked together with Kulutha, Māṣa (seeds), Mudga (pulse), Yava (barley) and Tila (oil seed) would lead to the growth of flowers and fruits. Growth of trees can be helped by the application of water with which fishes are washed and cleansed.”
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
- 1) Matsya-purāṇa 6. 4; 126. 3; 171. 56; 261. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 66. Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 130.
- 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 4; V. 18. 56.
1b) Deserted by his wife Tuṣṭi for Soma: created order in the Universe.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 23. 24; 38. 9.
2a) Dhātri (धात्रि).—A constellation.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 23. 5.
2b) A son of Bhṛgu and Khyātī; married Āyatī, a daughter of Meru.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 43-4; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 37; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 34.
2d) A name of Brahmā.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 1. 50; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 88.
2e) The name of the sun in the month of Caitra.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 33.
3a) Dhātrī (धात्री).—Wife of Bhava and mother of Uśanas.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 77.
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 226; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 193.
3c) A nurse of the Śūdra caste.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 162; 96. 41; 99. 70.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas
Dhātṛ (धातृ) refers to the tenth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—Due to having birth in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘dhata’/‘dhatri’ the native has pride of possessing all kinds of good qualities, is extremely beautiful, devoted to his ‘guru’ (teacher), skilled in craft or art and courteous and good-mannered.
According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year dhata (1996-1997 AD) will be addicted to other people's wives and a crafty lawyer.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Dhātṛ (धातृ) and Vidhātṛ are the two Indras (i.e., lords or kings) of the Pañcaprajñaptis who came to the peak of Meru for partaking in the birth-ceremonies of Ṛṣabha, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Dhātrī.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘one’. Note: dhātrī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
dhātrī (धात्री).—f S Emblic myrobalan, Phyllanthus emblica. 2 A mother, fostermother, or nurse, any fostering female.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
dhātrī (धात्री).—f A mother, fostermother or nurse.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Dhātṛ (धातृ).—m. [dhā-tṛc]
1) A maker, creator, originator, author.
2) A bearer, preserver, supporter.
3) An epithet of Brahmā, the creator of the world; मन्ये दुर्जनचित्तवृत्तिहरणे धातापि भग्नोद्यमः (manye durjanacittavṛttiharaṇe dhātāpi bhagnodyamaḥ) H.2.124; R.13.6; Si.1.13; Ku.7.44; Ki.12.33; सूर्याचन्द्रमसौ धाता यथापूर्व- मकल्पयत् (sūryācandramasau dhātā yathāpūrva- makalpayat) | Mahānārāyṇa Up.
4) An epithet of Viṣṇu; Mb.12.15.18.
5) The soul.
6) N. for the seven sages (saptarṣi) being the first creation of Brahmā cf. पुरातनाः पुराविद्भिर्धातार इति कीर्तिताः (purātanāḥ purāvidbhirdhātāra iti kīrtitāḥ) Ku.6.9.
7) A married woman's paramour, adulterer.
8) One of the forty-nine winds.
9) An arranger.
1) One who nourishes.
11) A star among ध्रुवमत्स्य (dhruvamatsya); Bhāg.5.23.5.
12) Fate, destiny; धाता यथा मां विदधीत लोके ध्रुवं तथाऽहं भवितेति मत्वा (dhātā yathā māṃ vidadhīta loke dhruvaṃ tathā'haṃ bhaviteti matvā) Mb.1.89.1.
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1) A nurse, wet-nurse, fostermother; उवाच धात्र्या प्रथमोदितं वचः (uvāca dhātryā prathamoditaṃ vacaḥ) R.3.25; Ku.7.25.
2) A mother; Y.3.82; सुविचार्य गुणान् दोषान् कुर्याद् धात्रीं तदेदृशीम् (suvicārya guṇān doṣān kuryād dhātrīṃ tadedṛśīm) Bhāva. P.
3) The earth; सद्यस्तनं परिमलं परिपीय धात्र्याः (sadyastanaṃ parimalaṃ paripīya dhātryāḥ) Rām. Ch.5.5.
4) The tree called आमलक (āmalaka).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Dhātṛ (धातृ).—nurse: mātṛbhir dhātṛbhiś (both edd., no v.l.) ca rudantībhiḥ parivṛtāḥ Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 160.14 (prose), surrounded by their weeping mothers and nurses. The form has phonetic aspects (§ 3.95) but may and doubtless should be regarded as in part, and perhaps primarily, a riming adaptation to the preceding mātṛbhiḥ.
Dhātṛ can also be spelled as Dhātrī (धात्री).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-tā) 1. A name of Bramha. 2. A title of Vishnu. 3. A father, a parent. f. (-trī) 1. A mother. 2. A foster-mother, a nurse. 3. The earth. 4. Emblic myrobalan. mfn. (-trā-trī-tṛ) 1. A cherisher, a protector, fostering, nourishing, 2. Having, containing, possessing, a possessor, &c. E. dhā to have, to nourish, &c. affix tṛc .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Dhātṛ (धातृ).—[dhā + tṛ], m. 1. The creator, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 13, 6. 2. A bearer, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 11851. 3. A preserver, Mahābhārata 1, 1722. 4. One of the Ādityas, Mahābhārata 1, 2523. 5. A name of Brahman, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 30. 6. A son of Brahman, Mahābhārata 1, 2614. 7. An adulterer, [Daśakumāracarita] 191, 11.
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Dhātrī (धात्री).—i. e. dhe + tṛ + ī, f. 1. A mother, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 3, 82. 2. A nurse, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 40, 18 Gorr. 3. A waitingwoman,
Dhātṛ (धातृ).—[masculine] bearer, supporter, preserver, author, creator; in [later language] [Name] of [several] gods etc., [Epithet] of Brahman, also = Fate, Destiny (person.).
— [feminine] dhātrī nurse, mother, the earth.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Dhātṛ (धातृ):—[from dhā] a m. establisher, founder, creator, bearer, supporter (cf. vasu-), orderer, arranger, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
2) [v.s. ...] Name of a divine being who personifies these functions (in Vedic times presiding over generation, matrimony, health, wealth, time and season, and associated or identified with Savitṛ, Prajā-pati, Tvaṣṭṛ, Bṛhaspati, Mitra, Aryaman, Viṣṇu etc., [Ṛg-veda x; Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.; later chiefly the creator and maintainer of the world = Brahmā or Prajā-pati, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Purāṇa]; in [Epic] one of the 12 Ādityas and brother of Vi-dhātṛ and Lakṣmī, son of Brahmā, [Mahābhārata]; or of Bhṛgu and Khyāti, [Purāṇa]; Fate personified, [Kāvya literature])
3) [v.s. ...] one of the 49 winds, [Vahni-purāṇa]
4) [v.s. ...] paramour, adulterer, [Daśakumāra-carita]
5) [v.s. ...] the 10th or 44th year in the cycle of Jupiter, [Catalogue(s)]
6) [v.s. ...] Name of a Ṛṣi in the 4th Manv-antara, [Harivaṃśa] ([Calcutta edition] dhāman)
7) [v.s. ...] of an author, [Catalogue(s)]; (trī) f. See dhātrī.
8) [v.s. ...] cf. [Zend] dātar; [Greek] θετήρ; [Slavonic or Slavonian] dĕteli.
9) Dhātri (धात्रि):—[from dhā] f. (metric.) = trī, Emblica Officinalis, [Suśruta]
10) Dhātrī (धात्री):—[from dhā] f. ‘female supporter’, a nurse, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
11) [v.s. ...] midwife, [Hitopadeśa iv, 61]
12) [v.s. ...] mother, [Yājñavalkya iii, 82]
13) [v.s. ...] the earth, [Varāha-mihira; Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.
14) [v.s. ...] Emblica Officinalis, [Varāha-mihira; Suśruta] (some derive it [from] √dhe cf. dhāyas and, [Pāṇini 3-2, 181]).
15) Dhātṛ (धातृ):—b dhātrī, etc. See [column]1.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Dhatribhavana, Dhatridhara, Dhatrika, Dhatrilakshana, Dhatrimodaka, Dhatripattra, Dhatriphala, Dhatripujanamahatmya, Dhatripushpi, Dhatripushpika, Dhatriputra, Dhatriputtra, Dhatrishvari, Dhatrivandakadi.
Ends with (+22): Abhidhatri, Adhatri, Amsadhatri, Anagatavidhatri, Ankadhatri, Ashvastanavidhatri, Bhudhatri, Bhutadhatri, Brihaddhatri, Dehadhatri, Dharmadhatri, Hastadhatri, Hriddhatri, Jagaddhatri, Kshiradhatri, Kshudradhatri, Lokadhatri, Maladhatri, Mandhatri, Nidhatri.
Full-text (+84): Jagaddhatri, Dhatriputra, Dhatriphala, Bhutadhatri, Dhatripushpika, Dhatra, Saudhataki, Kshiradhatri, Vidhatri, Lokadhatri, Maladhatri, Dhatriputtra, Mandhatri, Dhatribhavana, Dhatridhara, Dhatrimodaka, Purnamasa, Vasudhadhatri, Dhatripushpi, Dhatripattra.
Search found 28 books and stories containing Dhatri, Dhātrī, Dhātṛ, Dhātri; (plurals include: Dhatris, Dhātrīs, Dhātṛs, Dhātris). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 24 - The Greatness of Tulasī and Dhātrī < [Section 7 - Kriyāyogasāra-Khaṇḍa (Section on Essence of Yoga by Works)]
Chapter 105 - The Greatness of Dhātrī and Tulasī < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 60 - In Praise of Tulasī < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CXCV - Medical treatment of female complaints < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Chapter CXCIV - Medical treatments of Sinus etc < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Chapter CXXXIV - Maha Kausika Vratas etc < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 12 - The Efficacy of Dhātrī < [Section 4 - Kārttikamāsa-māhātmya]
Chapter 23 - The Origin of Dhātrī and Tulasī < [Section 4 - Kārttikamāsa-māhātmya]
Chapter 4 - Worshipping the Conch < [Section 5 - Mārgaśīrṣa-māhātmya]
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 723-726 < [Chapter 13 - Examination of Sāmānya (the ‘universal’)]
Verse 1051 < [Chapter 16 - Examination of the Import of Words]
Hiranyakesi-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)