Prabhu, Prabhū: 29 definitions

Introduction:

Prabhu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Prabhu (प्रभु) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in warfare, referring to “power, control”. It forms part of the three characteristics of the srtength (śakti) of the King. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Nītiprakāśikā 8.86)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Prabhu (प्रभु).—A soldier of Subrahmaṇya. (Śloka 69, Chapter 45, Śalya Parva).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Prabhu (प्रभु) refers to “lord” and is used to describe Vajrāṅga, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.14 (“The Birth of Tāraka and Vajrāṅga”).—Accordingly, after Vajrāṅga spoke to Brahmā: “[...] Thereafter the demon eschewed his diabolical feelings and resorted to sublime thoughts. Since he was free from fiendish feelings he became happy. But no sublime feeling entered in the heart of Varāṅgī. With chastity and faith she served her husband lovingly in diverse ways. Her husband Vajrāṅga of great lordly status [i.e., mahā-prabhu] was glad very soon on account of her service. He then spoke thus:—[...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Prabhu (प्रभु).—A son of Bhaga and Siddhi.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 2.

1b) A son of Śuka and Pīvarī; a Sādhya.*

  • * Br, III. 3. 17; 8. 93; Matsya-purāṇa 15. 10; 203. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 85; 73. 30.

1c) See Maru.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 211.

1d) One of the Amitābha gaṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 16; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 16.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Prabhu (प्रभु) refers to one of the five sons of Śuka: the son of Kṛṣṇa-Dvaipāyana, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Nārada gave a daughter to Vasiṣṭha. She was Arundhati and Śakti was born to her. Śakti begot Parāśara and from Parāśara was born Kṛṣṇadvaipāyana. Śuka was born to Dvaipāyana and Śuka had five sons—Bhūriśravā, Prabhu, Śaṃbhu, Kṛṣṇa and Gaura and a daughter—Kīrtimati.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Prabhū (प्रभू) is the tradition (ovallī) founded by Varadeva, who was one of the twelve princes born to Kuṃkumā, consort to Mīnanātha, who is the incarnation of Siddhanātha in the fourth yuga, belonging to the Pūrvāmnāya (‘eastern doctrine’) tradition of Kula Śaivism, according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya. Siddhanātha incarnates as a Kaula master in each of the four yugas. Varadeva was one of the six princes having the authority to teach.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Prabhu (प्रभु) is the name of a deity who received the Yogajāgama from Bhasma who in turn, received it from Sudhākhya through the mahānsambandha relation, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The yogaja-āgama, being part of the ten Śivabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgamas: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Prabhu obtained the Yogajāgama from Bhasma who in turn obtained it from Sudhākhya who in turn obtained it from Sadāśiva through parasambandha. Prabhu then, through divya-sambandha transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Yogajāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Prabhu (प्रभु) refers to the “Lord”, according to the Vārāṇasīmāhātmya verse 1.116-125.—Accordingly, “Engaged in the path of the observance of the skull, the Lord (prabhu) wanders, free from attachment, displaying the Lokamārga and the supreme Lokātīta. And the lokas are designated ‘bound souls’, including gods, demons and men. No one realizes the supreme certainty with respect to knowledge of the self. And except for Śarva, the supreme god, there is no such behaviour of another [God]. No other god has certainty of knowledge. There is no such behaviour anywhere in the world with all its Gods. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Prabhu (प्रभु) refers to:—Master, lord or ruler. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Prabhu (प्रभु) refers to:—Master; lord; ruler. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Prabhu (प्रभु) refers to the “Lord”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “[...] Out of [his own] head indeed has God, the Lord (prabhu), created the King in ancient times. Therefore does he have his head anointed and stands above all beings. The King is praised in Revealed Knowledge and Systematized Bodies of Knowledge as a double Brāhmaṇa (i.e. as worth twice as much as a Brāhmaṇa). If one is hostile to him out of delusion, that fool is hostile to Hari [himself]”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Prabhu (प्रभु) or Prabhubheda refers to the “modality of Prabhu” and represents one of the six modalities (ṣaṭprakāra) of Kula, according to the Kularatnoddyota verse 1.30-35ab.—Accordingly, “[...] And that also, O fair lady, consisting of six authorities, is two-fold, divided into prior and subsequent. O most excellent daughter of the mountains, this Kula has six modalities, namely, Ānanda, Āvali, Prabhu [e.g., prabhu-bheda] and Yogin, in due order, (along with) Atīta, and the one called Pāda. Such is the Kula tradition characterized by supreme non-duality”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Prabhu refers to the “mayor of a committee” and was a title used in the administration during the rule of the Śilāhāra dynasty (r. 765-1215 A.D.).—In towns and villages local administration was carried on with the help of Committees on which merchants, artisans and trade-guilds were represented. Members of the Committees were called mahājanas. Their number sixteen is mentioned in one record. In some records they are called mahattaras (representatives of the towns or villages). In the Cānje inscription they are called mhātārās (Sanskrit, mahattaras), and are cited as witnesses.

The head of such a Committee was called mahattama. In Kananḍa inscriptions he is called prabhu (Mayor). Local religious institutions were also represented on such Committees. One record mentions pañca-maṭha-mahāsthāna, which was probably so called because the five maṭhas comprised in it were dedicated to five Hindu deities (viz. Brahmā, Viṣṇu, Śiva, Sūrya and Dēvī) or to five prominent religious sects such as those of Brahmā, Viṣṇu, Śiva, Buddha and Jina. These Town and Village Committees could make grants of land with the consent of the local gāvuṇḍas or officers and the administrative heads.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Prabhu.—(IA 30; BL), a village official; cf. Mahāprabhu. Note: prabhu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prabhu (प्रभु).—m (S) A lord, master, sovereign, proprietor. Applied to the Deity, kings &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prabhu (प्रभु).—m A lord, master, sovereign.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prabhū (प्रभू).—1 P.

1) To arise, proceed, spring up, to be born or produced, originate (with abl.); लोभात् क्रोध प्रभवति (lobhāt krodha prabhavati) H.1.25; स्वायंभुवान्मरीचेर्यः प्रबभूव प्रजापतिः (svāyaṃbhuvānmarīceryaḥ prababhūva prajāpatiḥ) Ś.7.9; पुरुषः प्रबभूवाग्नेर्विस्मयेन सहर्त्विजाम् (puruṣaḥ prababhūvāgnervismayena sahartvijām) R.1.5; अव्यक्ताद् व्यक्तयः सर्वाः प्रभवन्त्यहरागमे (avyaktād vyaktayaḥ sarvāḥ prabhavantyaharāgame) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 8.18.

2) To appear, become visible; वनेऽपि दोषाः प्रभवन्ति रागिणाम् (vane'pi doṣāḥ prabhavanti rāgiṇām) H.4.84.

3) To multiply, increase; see प्रभूत (prabhūta).

4) To be strong or powerful, prevail, predominate, show one's power; प्रभवति हि महिम्ना स्वेन योगीश्वरीयम् (prabhavati hi mahimnā svena yogīśvarīyam) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.52; प्रभवति भगवान् विधिः (prabhavati bhagavān vidhiḥ); K.; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.44.

5) To be able or equal, have power for (with inf.) कुसुमान्यपि गात्रसंगमात् प्रभवन्त्यायुरपोहितुं यदि (kusumānyapi gātrasaṃgamāt prabhavantyāyurapohituṃ yadi) R.8.44; कोऽन्यो हुतवहाद्दग्धुं प्रभविष्यति (ko'nyo hutavahāddagdhuṃ prabhaviṣyati) Ś.4; Ś.6.3; V.1.9; Uttararāmacarita 2.4; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.

6) To have control or power over, prevail over, be master of (usually with gen., sometimes with dat. or loc.); यदि प्रभविष्याम्यात्मनः (yadi prabhaviṣyāmyātmanaḥ) Ś.1; प्रभवति निजस्य कन्यकाजनस्य महाराजः (prabhavati nijasya kanyakājanasya mahārājaḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 4; तत् प्रभवति अनुशासने देवी (tat prabhavati anuśāsane devī) Ve.2. विधिरपि न येभ्यः प्रभवति (vidhirapi na yebhyaḥ prabhavati) Bhartṛhari 2.94. नृपतिकुलवतंसमात्मवंशं भुवमधिपल्लवितं प्रभूय मेने (nṛpatikulavataṃsamātmavaṃśaṃ bhuvamadhipallavitaṃ prabhūya mene) Śiva B.1.91.

7) To be a match for (with dat.); प्रभवति मल्लो मल्लाय (prabhavati mallo mallāya) Mahābhārata

8) To be sufficient for, be able to contain; अपि व्याप्तदिगन्तानि नाङ्गानि प्रभवन्ति मे (api vyāptadigantāni nāṅgāni prabhavanti me) Kumārasambhava 6.59.

9) To be contained in (wit loc.); गुरुः प्रहर्षः प्रबभूव नात्मनि (guruḥ praharṣaḥ prababhūva nātmani) R.3.17.

1) To be useful.

11) To implore, beseech.

12) To extend beyond, surpass (Ved.).

13) To profit, avail. -Caus.

1) To increase, augment.

2) To provide more fully.

3) To recognize.

4) To gain power or strength.

5) To make powerful.

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Prabhu (प्रभु).—a. (bhu-bhvī f.)

1) Mighty, strong, powerful.

2)

2) Able, competent, having power to (with inf. or in comp.); ऋषिप्रभावान्मयि नान्तकोऽपि प्रभुः प्रहर्तुं किमुतान्यहिंस्राः (ṛṣiprabhāvānmayi nāntako'pi prabhuḥ prahartuṃ kimutānyahiṃsrāḥ) R.2.62; समाधिभेदप्रभवो भवन्ति (samādhibhedaprabhavo bhavanti) Kumārasambhava 3.4.

3) A match for; प्रभुर्मल्लो मल्लाय (prabhurmallo mallāya) Mahābhārata

4) Abundant.

5) Everlasting, eternal.

-bhuḥ 1 A lord, master; प्रभुर्बुभूषुर्भुवन- त्रयस्य यः (prabhurbubhūṣurbhuvana- trayasya yaḥ) Śiśupālavadha 1.49.

2) A governor, ruler, supreme authority.

3) An owner, proprietor.

4) Quick-silver.

5) Name of Viṣṇu.

6) Of Śiva.

7) Of Brahmā; cf. समीक्ष्य प्रभवस्त्रयः (samīkṣya prabhavastrayaḥ) Bhāgavata 4.1.21; (also applied to various gods as Indra; Sūrya, Agni).

8) Word, sound.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Prabhu (प्रभु).—name of a yakṣa leader: Mahā-Māyūrī 235.26.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabhu (प्रभु).—mfn. (-bhuḥ-bhvī-bhu) 1. Strong, able, (generally with an inf.) 2. Always, eternal. 3. A superior, an owner, a proprietor, a master or mistresss, &c. 4. A match for, (with a dat.) m.

(-bhuḥ) 1. A master, a lord. 2. A name of Vishnu. 3. Quick silver. 4. Sound. E. pra pre-eminent, bhū to be, aff. kvip and the final vowel made short.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabhu (प्रभु).—[pra-bhu] (vb. bhū), I. adj., f. bhvī and bhu. 1. Strong. 2. Able; with gen., [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 30; with inf., [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] [distich] 9. 3. Eternal, [Sundopasundopākhyāna] 1, 19. Ii. m. 1. A master, a lord, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 12, 8; [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 12; a husband, [Śṛṅgāratilaks] 2. 2. A name of Viṣṇu, cf. [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 51, 111. 3. Sound.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabhu (प्रभु).—(or bhū, [feminine] prabhvī) excelling, surpassing, mighty, abundant; being a master of ([genetive]) or a match for (*[dative]); capable of or able to (infin., [locative], or —°)

— [masculine] lord, ruler, prince, [Epithet] of Brahman etc.

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Prabhū (प्रभू).—come forth, spring up, arise, appear, happen, occur, spread, expand, increase, grow; be numerous or strong, prevail, rule over, dispose of ([genetive], [locative], or [dative]); be equal to or a match for ([dative]), be able to or capable of (infin.); be of use, profit, avail ([dative]). [Causative] augment, increase, strengthen, nourish, further.

Prabhū is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pra and bhū (भू).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Prabhu (प्रभु) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. Padyāvalī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prabhu (प्रभु):—[=pra-bhu] a See under pra-√bhū below.

2) Prabhū (प्रभू):—[=pra-√bhū] a [Parasmaipada] -bhavati (rarely [Ātmanepada] te; [Vedic or Veda] [infinitive mood] -bhūṣaṇi),

2) —to come forth, spring up, arise or originate from ([ablative]), appear, become visible, happen, occur, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.;

2) —to be before, surpass (with pṛṣṭham, ‘to be greater or more than the back can carry’, applied to wealth, [Ṛg-veda ii, 13, 4])

2) —to become or be numerous, increase, prevail, be powerful, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (3. sg. prabhavati-tarām, ‘has more power’ [Vikramorvaśī v, 18]);

2) —to rule, control, have power over, be master of ([genitive case] [locative case] or [dative case]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.;

2) —to be equal to or capable of ([dative case] or [locative case]), [ib.];

2) —to be a match for ([dative case]), [Pāṇini 2-3, 16], [vArttika] 2 [Patañjali];

2) —to be able to ([infinitive mood]), [Kālidāsa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.;

2) —to profit, avail, be of use to ([dative case]), [Ṛg-veda; Brāhmaṇa];

2) —to implore, beseech (?), [Harivaṃśa] :

2) —[Causal] -bhāvayati, to increase, spread out, extend, augment, multiply ([especially] the Soma by placing it in a greater number of vessels), [Brāhmaṇa];

2) —to provide more amply, endow more richly, cause to thrive or prosper, cherish, nurture, [ib.; Mahābhārata] etc.;

2) — (as [Nominal verb] [from] -bhāva below) to gain or possess power or strength, rule over ([accusative]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa];

2) —to recognise, [Rāmāyaṇa] :

2) —[Desiderative] of [Causal] -bibhāvayiṣati, to wish to increase or extend, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

3) Prabhu (प्रभु):—[=pra-bhu] [from pra-bhū] b mfn. ([Vedic or Veda] also ū f(). ) excelling, mighty, powerful, rich, abundant, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] more powerful than ([ablative]), [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] having power over ([genitive case]), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] able, capable, having power to ([locative case] [infinitive mood] or [compound]), [Kāvya literature]

7) [v.s. ...] a match for ([dative case]), [Pāṇini 2-3, 16], [vArttika] 2, [Patañjali]

8) [v.s. ...] constant, eternal, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] m. a master, lord, king (also applied to gods e.g. to Sūrya and Agni, [Ṛg-veda]; to Prajā-pati, [Manu-smṛti]; to Brahmā, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad]; to Indra, [Rāmāyaṇa]; to Śiva, [Mahābhārata]; to Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

10) [v.s. ...] the chief or leader of a sect, [Religious Thought and Life in India 142]

11) [v.s. ...] a sound, word, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] quicksilver, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of a deity under the 8th Manu, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

14) [v.s. ...] of a son of Kardama, [Harivaṃśa]

15) [v.s. ...] of a son of Śuka and Pīvarī, [ib.]

16) [v.s. ...] of a son of Bhaga and Siddhi, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

17) [v.s. ...] of a poet, [Catalogue(s)]

18) [v.s. ...] of sub voce other men, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

19) [v.s. ...] m. (bhvī f. Name of a Śakti, [Pañcarātra])

20) Prabhū (प्रभू):—[=pra-bhū] [from pra-bhu] b = bhu (cf. above)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabhu (प्रभु):—[pra-bhu] (bhuḥ) 2. m. Lord, master; Vishnu; quicksilver. a. Strong, able.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prabhū (प्रभू) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pabhava, Pabhu, Pahava, Pahu, Pahucca, Pahuppa, Pahuva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prabhu in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prabhu (प्रभु):—(a) sovereign; hegemonic; all-powerful; (nm) a sovereign; the Master; -[bhakta] a loyal devotee; loyal to the Master; —[rājya] a sovereign state; —[śakti] a sovereign power; sovereignty; —[śāsana] sovereign rule; —[sattā] sovereignty; sovereign authority; ~[sattātmaka] sovereign; ~[sattā-saṃpanna] sovereign; —[ko pyārā honā] to kick the bucket, to leave for one’s heavenly abode.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prabhu (ಪ್ರಭು):—

1) [noun] a male ruler of a nation or state; a male sovereign; a king.

2) [noun] a man having control on another or an employer; a master.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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