Adya, Ādyā, Ādya: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Adya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Ady.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ādya (आद्य) refers to the “primordial”, and is used to describe Śiva, according the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.15. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On arrival there, after paying respects to the lord [Śiva] with great excitement we lauded Him with various hymns with palms joined in reverence. The Devas said: [...] O lord of everything, we bow to Thee who art beyond the perception of the sense-organs; who hast no support; who art the support of all; who hast no cause; who art endless; the primordial (ādya) and the subtle”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ādya (आद्य).—A Trayārṣeya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 198. 11.

1b) A group of gods of Cākṣuṣa epoch, eight in number.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 66 and 69.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Ādya (आद्य).—Premier; cf. इदमाद्यं पदस्थानं (idamādyaṃ padasthānaṃ) (व्याकरणनामकं (vyākaraṇanāmakaṃ)) सिद्धिसोपानपर्वणाम् (siddhisopānaparvaṇām) Vāk. Pad. I.16;

2) Ādya.—Preceding as opposed to succeeding (उत्तर (uttara)); cf. सहाद्यै-र्व्यञ्जनैः (sahādyai-rvyañjanaiḥ) V.Pr.I.100

3) Ādya.—Original; cf. आद्यप्रकृतिः परमप्रकृतिः (ādyaprakṛtiḥ paramaprakṛtiḥ) (original base) Bhāṣā Vṛtti. IV.1.93;

4) Ādya.—First, preceding, आद्ये योगे न व्यवाये तिङः स्यु (ādye yoge na vyavāye tiṅaḥ syu); M.Bh. on III.1-91.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Ādyā (आद्या) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).  The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Ādyā], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ādyā (आद्या) refers to “primordial”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “She who is (both) supreme (transcendental—parā) and inferior (immanent—aparā) bliss, unmanifest, transcendent, supremely existent, subtle, whose abode is the Bliss of Stillness, omniscient, eternal, primordial [i.e., ādyā], beyond action and (yet) ever active, is the Transmental, Kālī, the energy of consciousness (citkalā). This is the Lineage of the Divine Current (divyaughasantati). [...]”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Ādya (आद्य) refers to “primordial (greatness)”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] O goddess, I praise you with mind and speech. Your greatness is primordial (ādya-mahasa). Your limbs are slightly ruddy like the morning sun, and you have made the triple world happy. You are the bride of the god [i.e., Śiva], and possess a body inseparable [from his]. You bestow worldly enjoyment and also liberation from [the world]. You are the stream [of consciousness or immortality], O ruler of worlds. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Ādya (आद्य) or Ādyamūla refers to the “first (root)”, according to the principles of Bījagaṇita (“algebra” or ‘science of calculation’), according to Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—According to Pṛthūdakasvāmī (860) in his commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta (628): “Here are stated for ordinary use the terms which are well known to people. The number whose square, multiplied by an optional multiplier and then increased or decreased by another optional number, becomes capable of yielding a square-root, is designated by the term the lesser root (kaniṣṭhapada) or the first root (ādya-mūla). [...]”.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

1) Adya (अद्य) refers to “today” [i.e., adya amuka nāma saṃvatsare], according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.

2) Adya (अद्य) refers to “eating” (e.g., that which is suitable for eating), according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual.—Accordingly, “[...] Six joyful seals, the foremost of them (being) her holiness, Colored red, with one face, two arms, and three eyes, Naked with loose hair, (and) partly adorned with a girdle, The left arm embracing, holding in a skull bowl, sin and death for eating (duṣṭamāra-adya), On the right a threatening finger pointing in the direction of all defilement, Sounding the thunder of an impending kalpa-fire of great majesty, With the bloody opening (between) both hips penetrated by (her) hero, One who loves great pleasure, belonging to the nature of compassion”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Adya in Nigeria is the name of a plant defined with Afzelia africana in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Pahudia africana Prain (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· The Mende Language. (1908)
· Flora van Nederlandsch Indië (1855)
· Synopseos Plantarum (1805)
· Genera Nova Madagascariensia (1806)
· Journal of Tree Sciences (1985)
· The Languages of West Africa. (1911)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Adya, for example extract dosage, side effects, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, health benefits, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adya (अद्य).—a S To-day.

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adyā (अद्या).—m (Vulgar for adā) Profit, emolument, gain; revenue from trade, service, or tillage.

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ādya (आद्य).—a (S) First or initial; that begins a course, whether, in time or space. 2 Chief, principal, preëminent.

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ādyā (आद्या).—m (Properly adā) Gain, profit, emolument.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adya (अद्य).—a To-day. adyatana a Relating to today. adyaprabhṛti ad From to-day.

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ādya (आद्य).—a First, initial, proceeding from the beginning.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adya (अद्य).—a. Eatable.

-dyam Food, anything eatable.

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Adya (अद्य).—ind. [asminnahani idaṃśadvasya nipātaḥ saptamyarthe; asmin dyavi ahani vā Nir.]

1) Today, this day; अद्य त्वां त्वरयति दारुणः कृतान्तः (adya tvāṃ tvarayati dāruṇaḥ kṛtāntaḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.25; °रात्रौ (rātrau) to-night, this night; °प्रातरेव (prātareva) this very morning; oft. in comp. with दिन, दिवस (dina, divasa) &c., °दिवसनक्षत्रं (divasanakṣatraṃ) of this day, to-day's; अद्यैव (adyaiva) this very day; अद्यैव वा मरणमस्तु युगान्तरे वा (adyaiva vā maraṇamastu yugāntare vā) Bhartṛhari 2.74.

2) Now; अद्य गच्छ गता रात्रिः (adya gaccha gatā rātriḥ) Kathāsaritsāgara 4.68.

3) At present, now-adays [cf. L. ho-die.].

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Ādya (आद्य).—a. [ādau bhavaḥ yat]

1) First, primitive, being at the beginning.

2) Being at the head, excellent, unparalleled, pre-eminent, foremost; योगी परं स्थानमुपैति चाद्यम् (yogī paraṃ sthānamupaiti cādyam) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 8.28;11.31;11.47;15.4. आसीन्महीक्षितामाद्यः प्रणवश्छन्दसामिव (āsīnmahīkṣitāmādyaḥ praṇavaśchandasāmiva) R.1.11.

3) (At the end of comp.) Beginning with, and so on; see आदि (ādi).

4) Immediately preceding; एकादशाद्यम् (ekādaśādyam) Śrut.27 immediately before the 11th, i. e. 1th; so संयुक्ताद्यम् (saṃyuktādyam) 2.

5) Eatable (adṇyat); वयमाद्यस्य दातारः (vayamādyasya dātāraḥ) Praṣna Up.2.11; हितं च परिणामे यत्तदाद्यं भूतिमिच्छता (hitaṃ ca pariṇāme yattadādyaṃ bhūtimicchatā) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 4.22.

-dyāḥ m. (pl.) A class of deities.

-dyā 1 An epithet of Durgā.

2) The first day (tithi) of a month.

-dyam 1 The beginning.

2) Grain, food.

3) A kind of funeral obsequial ceremony (pitṛśrāddhabheda).

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Ādya (आद्य).—see under आदि (ādi).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adya (अद्य).—ind. To-day. E. idam this; an irregular formation.

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Ādya (आद्य).—mfn.

(-dyaḥ-dyā-dyaṃ) 1. First, initial. 2. Edible, what is to be or may be eaten. n.

(-dyaṃ) 1. Grain. 2. Food. f.

(-dyā) A name of Durga. E. ādi and ṇyat affix, fem. ṭāp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adya (अद्य).—Ved. also adyā, i. e. a -div + ā (cf. idam), adv. 1. To-day. 2. Now.

— Cf. [Latin] ho-die,

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Ādya (आद्य).—i. e. āt + ya for īya (cf. tarya = turīya, vasyaṃs = vasiyaṃs, etc.), adj., f. . 1. First, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 92. 2. Preeminent, Mahābhārata 1, 8130.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adya (अद्य).—[adverb] to-day, now.

adya pūrvam & adyayāvat till now. adya prabhṛti & adyārabhya from now, from to-day.

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Adyā (अद्या).—[adverb] to-day, now.

adya pūrvam & adyayāvat till now. adya prabhṛti & adyārabhya from now, from to-day.

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Ādya (आद्य).—1. [adjective] eatable, [neuter] food.

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Ādya (आद्य).—2. [adjective] first, preceding, primitive, extraordinary, excellent; [neuter] beginning. °— = ādi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adya (अद्य):—[from ad] a See sub voce

2) [from adman] 1. adya mfn. fit or proper to be eaten

3) [v.s. ...] n. (am) ifc. (cf. annadya, havir adya) food.

4) [=a-dya] 2. a-dya ind. ([Vedic or Veda] adyā) ([from] [pronominal] base a, this, with dya for dyu q.v., [Latin] ho-die), to-day

5) [v.s. ...] now-a-days

6) [v.s. ...] now.

7) Ādya (आद्य):—[from ādi] 1. ādya mf(ā)n. ([Pāṇini 4-3, 54]) being at the beginning, first, primitive, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Hitopadeśa; Śakuntalā] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] ifc. (= ādi q.v.), [Manu-smṛti i, 50, 63, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] immediately preceding (e.g. ekādaśādya, immediately before the eleventh id est. the tenth), earlier, older

10) [v.s. ...] being at the head, unparalleled, unprecedented, excellent, [Atharva-veda xix, 22, 1; Mahābhārata]

11) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] a class of deities, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa iii, 1, 27; Harivaṃśa]

12) Ādyā (आद्या):—[from ādya > ādi] f. Name of Durgā

13) [v.s. ...] the earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) Ādya (आद्य):—[from ādi] (for 2. ādya./span> See sub voce)

15) 2. ādya mf(ā)n. (√ad), to be eaten, edible, [Atharva-veda viii, 2, 19]

16) n. food

17) grain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adya (अद्य):—I. ind.

1) To-day.

2) Now, at present. In the Vedas also written adyā which seems to be the more original form of this word. adyāpi Even now, still. adyapūrvam before today, before now. E. aś, considered as a substitute of idam, taddh. aff. dya; but more probably a [karmadharaya compound] compound of a (the pronom. theme in idam) and dya or dyā (from dyu or div) = asmindyavi. Ii. 1. m. f. n.

(-dyaḥ-dyā-dyam) Fit to be eaten, eatable. 2. n.

(-dyam) Food in general. E. ad, kṛtya aff. yat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adya (अद्य):—adv. To-day.

2) Ādya (आद्य):—[ā-dya] (dyaḥ-dyā-dyaṃ) a. First.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Adya (अद्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ajja, Ajjaṃ.

[Sanskrit to German]

Adya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ādya (आद्य) [Also spelled ady]:—(a) first, initial; primitive; archaic;—[svarūpa] archetype.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ādya (ಆದ್ಯ):—[adjective] most ancient; primary; initial; primitive.

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Ādya (ಆದ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] he who belongs to, was in, the ancient times; the most ancient.

2) [noun] he who is first in the order or lineage or in the new fields; a pioneer.

3) [noun] (in pl. only) (in composition, referring to men of a class) 'and others'.

4) [noun] the syllable occurring in the beginning.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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