Adya, Ādyā, Ādya: 11 definitions


Adya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ādya (आद्य) refers to the “primordial”, and is used to describe Śiva, according the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.15. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On arrival there, after paying respects to the lord [Śiva] with great excitement we lauded Him with various hymns with palms joined in reverence. The Devas said: [...] O lord of everything, we bow to Thee who art beyond the perception of the sense-organs; who hast no support; who art the support of all; who hast no cause; who art endless; the primordial (ādya) and the subtle”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ādya (आद्य).—A Trayārṣeya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 198. 11.

1b) A group of gods of Cākṣuṣa epoch, eight in number.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 66 and 69.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Ādya (आद्य).—Premier; cf. इदमाद्यं पदस्थानं (idamādyaṃ padasthānaṃ) (व्याकरणनामकं (vyākaraṇanāmakaṃ)) सिद्धिसोपानपर्वणाम् (siddhisopānaparvaṇām) Vāk. Pad. I.16;

2) Ādya.—Preceding as opposed to succeeding (उत्तर (uttara)); cf. सहाद्यै-र्व्यञ्जनैः (sahādyai-rvyañjanaiḥ) V.Pr.I.100

3) Ādya.—Original; cf. आद्यप्रकृतिः परमप्रकृतिः (ādyaprakṛtiḥ paramaprakṛtiḥ) (original base) Bhāṣā Vṛtti. IV.1.93;

4) Ādya.—First, preceding, आद्ये योगे न व्यवाये तिङः स्यु (ādye yoge na vyavāye tiṅaḥ syu); M.Bh. on III.1-91.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Ādyā (आद्या) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).  The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Ādyā], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adya (अद्य).—a S To-day.

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adyā (अद्या).—m (Vulgar for adā) Profit, emolument, gain; revenue from trade, service, or tillage.

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ādya (आद्य).—a (S) First or initial; that begins a course, whether, in time or space. 2 Chief, principal, preëminent.

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ādyā (आद्या).—m (Properly adā) Gain, profit, emolument.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adya (अद्य).—a To-day. adyatana a Relating to today. adyaprabhṛti ad From to-day.

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ādya (आद्य).—a First, initial, proceeding from the beginning.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adya (अद्य).—a. Eatable.

-dyam Food, anything eatable.

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Adya (अद्य).—ind. [asminnahani idaṃśadvasya nipātaḥ saptamyarthe; asmin dyavi ahani vā Nir.]

1) Today, this day; अद्य त्वां त्वरयति दारुणः कृतान्तः (adya tvāṃ tvarayati dāruṇaḥ kṛtāntaḥ) Māl.5.25; °रात्रौ (rātrau) to-night, this night; °प्रातरेव (prātareva) this very morning; oft. in comp. with दिन, दिवस (dina, divasa) &c., °दिवसनक्षत्रं (divasanakṣatraṃ) of this day, to-day's; अद्यैव (adyaiva) this very day; अद्यैव वा मरणमस्तु युगान्तरे वा (adyaiva vā maraṇamastu yugāntare vā) Bh.2.74.

2) Now; अद्य गच्छ गता रात्रिः (adya gaccha gatā rātriḥ) Ks.4.68.

3) At present, now-adays [cf. L. ho-die.].

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Ādya (आद्य).—a. [ādau bhavaḥ yat]

1) First, primitive, being at the beginning.

2) Being at the head, excellent, unparalleled, pre-eminent, foremost; योगी परं स्थानमुपैति चाद्यम् (yogī paraṃ sthānamupaiti cādyam) Bg.8.28;11.31;11.47;15.4. आसीन्महीक्षितामाद्यः प्रणवश्छन्दसामिव (āsīnmahīkṣitāmādyaḥ praṇavaśchandasāmiva) R.1.11.

3) (At the end of comp.) Beginning with, and so on; see आदि (ādi).

4) Immediately preceding; एकादशाद्यम् (ekādaśādyam) Śrut.27 immediately before the 11th, i. e. 1th; so संयुक्ताद्यम् (saṃyuktādyam) 2.

5) Eatable (adṇyat); वयमाद्यस्य दातारः (vayamādyasya dātāraḥ) Praṣna Up.2.11; हितं च परिणामे यत्तदाद्यं भूतिमिच्छता (hitaṃ ca pariṇāme yattadādyaṃ bhūtimicchatā) Pt.4.22.

-dyāḥ m. (pl.) A class of deities.

-dyā 1 An epithet of Durgā.

2) The first day (tithi) of a month.

-dyam 1 The beginning.

2) Grain, food.

3) A kind of funeral obsequial ceremony (pitṛśrāddhabheda).

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Ādya (आद्य).—see under आदि (ādi).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adya (अद्य).—ind. To-day. E. idam this; an irregular formation.

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Ādya (आद्य).—mfn.

(-dyaḥ-dyā-dyaṃ) 1. First, initial. 2. Edible, what is to be or may be eaten. n.

(-dyaṃ) 1. Grain. 2. Food. f.

(-dyā) A name of Durga. E. ādi and ṇyat affix, fem. ṭāp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adya (अद्य).—[adverb] to-day, now.

adya pūrvam & adyayāvat till now. adya prabhṛti & adyārabhya from now, from to-day.

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Adyā (अद्या).—[adverb] to-day, now.

adya pūrvam & adyayāvat till now. adya prabhṛti & adyārabhya from now, from to-day.

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Ādya (आद्य).—1. [adjective] eatable, [neuter] food.

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Ādya (आद्य).—2. [adjective] first, preceding, primitive, extraordinary, excellent; [neuter] beginning. °— = ādi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adya (अद्य):—[from ad] a See sub voce

2) [from adman] 1. adya mfn. fit or proper to be eaten

3) [v.s. ...] n. (am) ifc. (cf. annadya, havir adya) food.

4) [=a-dya] 2. a-dya ind. ([Vedic or Veda] adyā) ([from] [pronominal] base a, this, with dya for dyu q.v., [Latin] ho-die), to-day

5) [v.s. ...] now-a-days

6) [v.s. ...] now.

7) Ādya (आद्य):—[from ādi] 1. ādya mf(ā)n. ([Pāṇini 4-3, 54]) being at the beginning, first, primitive, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Hitopadeśa; Śakuntalā] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] ifc. (= ādi q.v.), [Manu-smṛti i, 50, 63, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] immediately preceding (e.g. ekādaśādya, immediately before the eleventh id est. the tenth), earlier, older

10) [v.s. ...] being at the head, unparalleled, unprecedented, excellent, [Atharva-veda xix, 22, 1; Mahābhārata]

11) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] a class of deities, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa iii, 1, 27; Harivaṃśa]

12) Ādyā (आद्या):—[from ādya > ādi] f. Name of Durgā

13) [v.s. ...] the earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) Ādya (आद्य):—[from ādi] (for 2. ādya./span> See sub voce)

15) 2. ādya mf(ā)n. (√ad), to be eaten, edible, [Atharva-veda viii, 2, 19]

16) n. food

17) grain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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