Adya, Ādyā, Ādya: 16 definitions



Adya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Ady.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ādya (आद्य) refers to the “primordial”, and is used to describe Śiva, according the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.15. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On arrival there, after paying respects to the lord [Śiva] with great excitement we lauded Him with various hymns with palms joined in reverence. The Devas said: [...] O lord of everything, we bow to Thee who art beyond the perception of the sense-organs; who hast no support; who art the support of all; who hast no cause; who art endless; the primordial (ādya) and the subtle”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ādya (आद्य).—A Trayārṣeya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 198. 11.

1b) A group of gods of Cākṣuṣa epoch, eight in number.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 66 and 69.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Ādya (आद्य).—Premier; cf. इदमाद्यं पदस्थानं (idamādyaṃ padasthānaṃ) (व्याकरणनामकं (vyākaraṇanāmakaṃ)) सिद्धिसोपानपर्वणाम् (siddhisopānaparvaṇām) Vāk. Pad. I.16;

2) Ādya.—Preceding as opposed to succeeding (उत्तर (uttara)); cf. सहाद्यै-र्व्यञ्जनैः (sahādyai-rvyañjanaiḥ) V.Pr.I.100

3) Ādya.—Original; cf. आद्यप्रकृतिः परमप्रकृतिः (ādyaprakṛtiḥ paramaprakṛtiḥ) (original base) Bhāṣā Vṛtti. IV.1.93;

4) Ādya.—First, preceding, आद्ये योगे न व्यवाये तिङः स्यु (ādye yoge na vyavāye tiṅaḥ syu); M.Bh. on III.1-91.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Ādyā (आद्या) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).  The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Ādyā], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adya (अद्य).—a S To-day.

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adyā (अद्या).—m (Vulgar for adā) Profit, emolument, gain; revenue from trade, service, or tillage.

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ādya (आद्य).—a (S) First or initial; that begins a course, whether, in time or space. 2 Chief, principal, preëminent.

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ādyā (आद्या).—m (Properly adā) Gain, profit, emolument.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adya (अद्य).—a To-day. adyatana a Relating to today. adyaprabhṛti ad From to-day.

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ādya (आद्य).—a First, initial, proceeding from the beginning.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adya (अद्य).—a. Eatable.

-dyam Food, anything eatable.

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Adya (अद्य).—ind. [asminnahani idaṃśadvasya nipātaḥ saptamyarthe; asmin dyavi ahani vā Nir.]

1) Today, this day; अद्य त्वां त्वरयति दारुणः कृतान्तः (adya tvāṃ tvarayati dāruṇaḥ kṛtāntaḥ) Māl.5.25; °रात्रौ (rātrau) to-night, this night; °प्रातरेव (prātareva) this very morning; oft. in comp. with दिन, दिवस (dina, divasa) &c., °दिवसनक्षत्रं (divasanakṣatraṃ) of this day, to-day's; अद्यैव (adyaiva) this very day; अद्यैव वा मरणमस्तु युगान्तरे वा (adyaiva vā maraṇamastu yugāntare vā) Bh.2.74.

2) Now; अद्य गच्छ गता रात्रिः (adya gaccha gatā rātriḥ) Ks.4.68.

3) At present, now-adays [cf. L. ho-die.].

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Ādya (आद्य).—a. [ādau bhavaḥ yat]

1) First, primitive, being at the beginning.

2) Being at the head, excellent, unparalleled, pre-eminent, foremost; योगी परं स्थानमुपैति चाद्यम् (yogī paraṃ sthānamupaiti cādyam) Bg.8.28;11.31;11.47;15.4. आसीन्महीक्षितामाद्यः प्रणवश्छन्दसामिव (āsīnmahīkṣitāmādyaḥ praṇavaśchandasāmiva) R.1.11.

3) (At the end of comp.) Beginning with, and so on; see आदि (ādi).

4) Immediately preceding; एकादशाद्यम् (ekādaśādyam) Śrut.27 immediately before the 11th, i. e. 1th; so संयुक्ताद्यम् (saṃyuktādyam) 2.

5) Eatable (adṇyat); वयमाद्यस्य दातारः (vayamādyasya dātāraḥ) Praṣna Up.2.11; हितं च परिणामे यत्तदाद्यं भूतिमिच्छता (hitaṃ ca pariṇāme yattadādyaṃ bhūtimicchatā) Pt.4.22.

-dyāḥ m. (pl.) A class of deities.

-dyā 1 An epithet of Durgā.

2) The first day (tithi) of a month.

-dyam 1 The beginning.

2) Grain, food.

3) A kind of funeral obsequial ceremony (pitṛśrāddhabheda).

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Ādya (आद्य).—see under आदि (ādi).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adya (अद्य).—ind. To-day. E. idam this; an irregular formation.

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Ādya (आद्य).—mfn.

(-dyaḥ-dyā-dyaṃ) 1. First, initial. 2. Edible, what is to be or may be eaten. n.

(-dyaṃ) 1. Grain. 2. Food. f.

(-dyā) A name of Durga. E. ādi and ṇyat affix, fem. ṭāp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adya (अद्य).—Ved. also adyā, i. e. a -div + ā (cf. idam), adv. 1. To-day. 2. Now.

— Cf. [Latin] ho-die,

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Ādya (आद्य).—i. e. āt + ya for īya (cf. tarya = turīya, vasyaṃs = vasiyaṃs, etc.), adj., f. . 1. First, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 92. 2. Preeminent, Mahābhārata 1, 8130.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adya (अद्य).—[adverb] to-day, now.

adya pūrvam & adyayāvat till now. adya prabhṛti & adyārabhya from now, from to-day.

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Adyā (अद्या).—[adverb] to-day, now.

adya pūrvam & adyayāvat till now. adya prabhṛti & adyārabhya from now, from to-day.

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Ādya (आद्य).—1. [adjective] eatable, [neuter] food.

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Ādya (आद्य).—2. [adjective] first, preceding, primitive, extraordinary, excellent; [neuter] beginning. °— = ādi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adya (अद्य):—[from ad] a See sub voce

2) [from adman] 1. adya mfn. fit or proper to be eaten

3) [v.s. ...] n. (am) ifc. (cf. annadya, havir adya) food.

4) [=a-dya] 2. a-dya ind. ([Vedic or Veda] adyā) ([from] [pronominal] base a, this, with dya for dyu q.v., [Latin] ho-die), to-day

5) [v.s. ...] now-a-days

6) [v.s. ...] now.

7) Ādya (आद्य):—[from ādi] 1. ādya mf(ā)n. ([Pāṇini 4-3, 54]) being at the beginning, first, primitive, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Hitopadeśa; Śakuntalā] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] ifc. (= ādi q.v.), [Manu-smṛti i, 50, 63, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] immediately preceding (e.g. ekādaśādya, immediately before the eleventh id est. the tenth), earlier, older

10) [v.s. ...] being at the head, unparalleled, unprecedented, excellent, [Atharva-veda xix, 22, 1; Mahābhārata]

11) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] a class of deities, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa iii, 1, 27; Harivaṃśa]

12) Ādyā (आद्या):—[from ādya > ādi] f. Name of Durgā

13) [v.s. ...] the earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) Ādya (आद्य):—[from ādi] (for 2. ādya./span> See sub voce)

15) 2. ādya mf(ā)n. (√ad), to be eaten, edible, [Atharva-veda viii, 2, 19]

16) n. food

17) grain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adya (अद्य):—I. ind.

1) To-day.

2) Now, at present. In the Vedas also written adyā which seems to be the more original form of this word. adyāpi Even now, still. adyapūrvam before today, before now. E. aś, considered as a substitute of idam, taddh. aff. dya; but more probably a [karmadharaya compound] compound of a (the pronom. theme in idam) and dya or dyā (from dyu or div) = asmindyavi. Ii. 1. m. f. n.

(-dyaḥ-dyā-dyam) Fit to be eaten, eatable. 2. n.

(-dyam) Food in general. E. ad, kṛtya aff. yat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adya (अद्य):—adv. To-day.

2) Ādya (आद्य):—[ā-dya] (dyaḥ-dyā-dyaṃ) a. First.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Adya (अद्य):—1. (von 1. ad)

1) adj. zu essen: tadadyaṃ bhūtimicchatā [Pañcatantra IV, 79]; vgl. ādya . —

2) n. Speise, Nahrung; s. annādya, haviradya .

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Adya (अद्य):—2. (über die Pluti des Schlussvocals s. [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 7, 6. 8. 9. 34.] [Prātiśākhya zur Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 3, 114. 115.]) adv.

1) heute [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 3, 22.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 7, 110.] [Amarakoṣa 3, 5, 20.] a.yā ci.nū ci.tadapo na.īnām [Ṛgveda 6, 30, 3.] a.yādya.śvaḥ śva.indra.trāsva pa.e ca naḥ [8, 50, 11. 7, 104, 15. 1, 44, 3. 115, 6. 5, 82, 4.] u. s. w. sa evādya sa u śvaḥ [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14, 4, 3, 24.] [?(= Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad 1, 5, 23.) Kaṭhopaniṣad 4, 13. Manu’s Gesetzbuch 1, 119.] adya prātareva [Hitopadeśa 9, 7.] adya rātrau pradoṣa eva (vergangen) [Pañcatantra 197, 23.] adya rātrau (bevorstehend) [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 254.] imāmekāṃ niśāmadya (wie eben) [111.] adyāpi noch heute [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 38, 9.] [Pañcatantra 213, 5. 216, 2.] —

2) jetzt [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 1, 3, 7.] adya gaccha gatā rātriḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 4, 68.] — adyāpi noch jetzt, noch in diesem Augenblick [Śākuntala 29.] schon jetzt [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 70, 18.] adyāpi na noch immer nicht [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 26, 31.] = nādyāpi [Prabodhacandrodaja 59, 11.] [ŚUKAS. 44, 10.] jetzt noch nicht: pañcabhūtāni nādyāpi vimuñcantīha lakṣmaṇam [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 82, 35.] jetzt nicht mehr: nādyāpi śrūyate śabdo mattānāṃ mṛgapakṣiṇām [2, 71, 24.] adya pūrvam bis jetzt: adya pūrvaṃ mahādhorā rākṣasā na samāgatāḥ [1, 32, 8.] mit dem gleichbedeutenden idānīm verbunden: adyedānīṃ sakāmāstu mātā me [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 7, 30.] — adya ist aller Wahrscheinlichkeit nach aus adyavi (2. a b. + dyavi loc. von dyu) entstanden; vgl. paredyavi .

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Ādya (आद्य):—1. (von 1. ad)

1) adj. f. ā was zu essen ist, geniessbar; n. Nahrung: yadā.yaṃ1.yadanā.yam [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 8, 2, 19.] ā.yama.yānnaṃ bhavati [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 2, 2, 5, 6.] attra ādyaṃ baliṃ hārayati [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 8, 2, 17.] dvayaṃ vā idamattā caivādyaṃ ca [10, 6, 2, 1.] viśameva rāṣṭrāyādyāṃ karoti [13, 2, 9, 8. 1, 3, 2, 11. 3, 18. 5, 22. 4, 2, 1, 17. 13, 4, 4, 8.] vayamādyasya dātāraḥ [Praśnopaniṣad 2, 11.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 16. 24. 25. 30.] yathālpālpamadantyādyaṃ vāryokovatsaṣaṭpadāḥ [7, 129.] Vgl. anādya und annādya . —

2) n. Korn [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Ādya (आद्य):—2. (von ādi)

1) adj. f. ā gaṇa digādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 54.] am Ende eines comp. in Bezug auf den Accent gaṇa vargyādi zu [6, 2, 131.] a) am Anfange befindlich, der erste (im Raum, in der Zeit oder in der Ordnung), primitiv [Amarakoṣa 3, 2, 30. 3, 4, 202.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1458.] ādye han antye vā [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 13, 4, 18.] ādyebhyaḥ, dvitīyebhyaḥ, tṛtīyebhyaḥ [10, 2, 25. 16, 6, 28. 20, 1, 5. 4, 15. 24, 3, 38.] [Prātiśākha zum Atharvaveda 3, 23.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 24. 47. 4, 1. 7, 72] (trīṇyādyāni trīṇyuttarāṇi). [8, 4. 333. 11, 265] (ādyaṃ yattryakṣaraṃ brahma) . [Mahābhārata 1, 22.] [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 58, 29.] [Śākuntala 1. 84.] [Prooemium im Hitopadeśa 6. 12. 8, 20.] [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 11.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 7, 12. 3, 4, 212.] ādyādya immer der erste [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 1, 20.] n. Anfang: ādye [Śrutabodha] [?(BR.) 36.] — Häufig wie das gleichbedeutende ādi am Ende eines adj. comp.: gatayo brahmādyāḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 1, 50.] svāyaṃbhuvādyāḥ saptaite manavaḥ [63. 3, 226. 5, 131. 9, 230.] [Nalopākhyāna 3, 5.] [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 31. 2, 5, 8. 9, 24. 2, 6, 3, 21. 3, 4, 171.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 3. 18. 34.] — b) unmittelbar vorangehend, am Ende eines comp.: ekādaśādya der zehnte [Śrutabodha 27.] saṃyuktādya einem Doppelconsonanten unmittelbar vorangehend 2. — c) voranstehend, einzig in seiner Art, ausgezeichnet: toṣito haṃ nṛpaśreṣṭha tvayehādyena karmaṇā [Mahābhārata 1, 8130.] —

2) m. pl. eine Klasse von Göttern (v. l. ārya und āpya) [Viṣṇupurāṇa 263.] [Harivaṃśa] [LANGL. I, 39] (ed. Calc. [437] : āpya). —

3) f. ādyā ein Beiname der Durgā [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Adya (अद्य):—1.

1) fehlerhaft für ādya (vgl. jedoch anadya); vgl. [Spr. 2271.]

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Ādya (आद्य):—2.

1) c) [Spr. 3684.] —

3) = pradhānā śaktiḥ, mahāvidyā [Muṇḍamālātantra 10 im Śabdakalpadruma]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Adya (अद्य):—und selten adia , auch adyā (ved.) Adv. heute ; jetzt. adyaiva schon heute , alsbald [48,16.163,7.] adyāpi noch heute , noch jetzt [128,28.] [Indische sprüche 7705.7726.] schon heute , — jetzt. adyāpi mit einer Negation im Satze noch immer nicht [43,12.163,5.250,5.] jetzt noch nicht ; jetzt nicht mehr. adya pūrvam und adya yāvat ([142,2]) bis jetzt. adya prabhṛti und

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Ādya (आद्य):—1. ādia

1) Adj. (f. ā) essbar , geniessbar ; n. Nahrung.

2) n. *Korn.

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Ādya (आद्य):—2. —

1) Adj. (f. ā) — a) am Anfange befindlich , der erste. An Ende eines adj. Comp. (f. ā) den und den zum Ersten habend , so v.a. der und die übrigen , — b) am Ende eines Comp. unmittelbar vorangehend. — c) früher , älter [Bījagaṇita 162,166.] — d) voranstehend , einzig in seiner Art , unvergleichlich.

2) m. Pl. eine Klasse von Göttern unter Manucākṣuṣa [Harivaṃśa 1,7,31] (v.l. āpya) , [Viṣṇupurāṇa 3,1,27.] —

3) f. ā — a) eine best. Form der Durgā. — b) *die Erde [Rājan 2,2.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ādya (आद्य) [Also spelled ady]:—(a) first, initial; primitive; archaic;—[svarūpa] archetype.

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