Tantra, aka: Tantrā; 10 Definition(s)


Tantra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[Tantra in Vyakarana glossaries]

Tantra (तन्त्र).—A word frequently used in the Mahabhasya in the sense of 'intended ' or विवक्षित (vivakṣita). The word is used always in the neuter gender like प्रमाणम् (pramāṇam); cf. तन्त्रं तरनिर्देशः (tantraṃ taranirdeśaḥ) M. Bh. on P. I. 2.33, II. 2.34, नात्र निर्दे-शस्तन्त्रम् (nātra nirde-śastantram) On P. I. 2.39, III.3.38, III. 4.21,IV.1.92 etc. The word is also explained in the sense of 'impor. tant'.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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[Tantra in Purana glossaries]

Tantra (तन्त्र).—Āgama śāstra in which yogins were learned;1 prescribes rules for the worship of Hari;2 known in Dvāpara yuga,3 deals with the vibhūtis of Hari.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 3. 8; IV. 24. 62; Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 86.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 3. 47.
  • 3) Ib. XI. 5. 28 and 31; 27. 26.
  • 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 4 and 20.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[Tantra in Jyotisha glossaries]

Tantra (तन्त्र).—A type of astronomical treatise. Note: Tantra is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

(Source): Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Tantra in Hinduism glossaries]

Tantra (तन्त्र) is a process of Sādhanā which relieves one from the fetters of crudeness (ta). Thus, Tantra is an intuitional science which stands for the progressive realization of the Divine. It liberates one from the cimmerian darkness and leads unto the divine effulgence. It is a path of Salvation. It is a science of the soul. The authoritative definition of Tantra is, that which brings emancipation from the bondage of Māyā (tatraya ayat tārayet yastu sa tantra parikirtitaḥ).

(Source): Google Books: Tantra, Its Mystic and Scientific Basis

Tantra (तन्त्र):—The method of pleasing the Gods in an easy manner and thereby attaining advantages in this and the next world of svarga and finally mokṣa by following the Yoga is described in the Tantras. Tantras are practical treatises of religion. By means of worship of arca or yantras by means of repetition of mantras or mystic utterances, by means of upāsanas, they provide courses for developing the hidden power in man leading to the realization of God. These are also used for the attainment of worldly desires.

(Source): Institute of Sri Ramchandra Consciousness: A Handbook of Hindu Religion: Literature

Tantra (तन्त्र) refers to otne of the three parts of the agamas. Tantra is the entire philosophy and procedure of worship. The Tantra expounding Śrī-Vidyā is called Śrī-Vidyā Tantra, and is found in many Śāktā texts like Prapañcasāra and Rudrayāmala.

(Source): Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia

Tantra (तन्त्र).—That which elaborately explains the meanings that are dealt in holy texts and protects the people in the world so, they are called Tantra. The word Tantra has two roots they are tan and tra, the former gives the meaning tan vistāre which means to expand and tra pālane to defend from. The holy texts i.e. Āgamas are capable of explaining the (hidden) meanings explicitly and protect (from all aspects) the peoples to understand and follow it.

(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (h)

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Tantra in Marathi glossaries]

tantra (तंत्र).—n (S) A thread; any string or rope or wire; a chord of a musical instrument; and hence, a royal retinue; a cortége or court; a suite or train: also subservience, service, subjection, dependence. But the significations following are more popular. A course or way; a line of conduct; a path of procedure. Ex. āmacēṃ tantra nirāḷēṃ tumacēṃ tantra nirāḷēṃ. 2 A cause common to two or more effects; an instrument or a means producing a plurality of results;--as a speech involving answers to several questions; efforts or labor accomplishing different objects; one stone killing two birds. Ex. pānēṃ kāṃ saḍalīṃ ghōḍā kāṃ aḍalā vidyā kāṃ visara- lāṃ? Answer. phēra nāhīṃ; prapañca āṇi īśvarabhajana tantrā- nēṃ hōta nāhīṃ; mī kāśīsa gēlōṃ āṇi udīma āṇi yātrā tantrānēṃ dōnhī jhālīṃ. 3 The line of obedience or dependence. Ex. rājācē tantrānēṃ pradhānānēṃ cālāvēṃ. 4 The mere manual acts in a religious ceremony; i. e. the acts without a mantra. 5 A religious treatise teaching peculiar formulæ, rites for worship &c. 6 A branch of the Vedas,--that which teaches mantras. 7 A section of the Jyotishshastra, --that in which are calculated the positions and movements of the planets.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tantra (तंत्र).—n A thread. A course. The line of obedience. A branch of the Vedas. The acts without a mantra.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Tantra in Sanskrit glossaries]

Tantra (तन्त्र).—1 A loom; तदाऽपश्यत् स्त्रियौ तन्त्रे अधिरोप्य सुवेमे पटं वयन्त्यौ (tadā'paśyat striyau tantre adhiropya suveme paṭaṃ vayantyau) Mb.1.3.144.

2) A thread.

3) The warp or threads extended lengthwise in a loom; सिरीस्तन्त्रं तन्वते अप्रजज्ञयः (sirīstantraṃ tanvate aprajajñayaḥ) Rv.1.71.9.

4) Posterity.

5) An uninterrupted series.

6) The regular order of ceremonies and rites, system, framework, ritual; कर्मणां युगपद्भावस्तन्त्र (karmaṇāṃ yugapadbhāvastantra) Kāty.; अशक्यं हि उत्तरं तन्त्रं कर्तुम् (aśakyaṃ hi uttaraṃ tantraṃ kartum) | ŚB. on MS.1.2.57.

7) Main point; प्रकर्षतन्त्रा हि रणे जयश्रीः (prakarṣatantrā hi raṇe jayaśrīḥ) Ki.3.17.

8) Principal doctrine, rule, theory, science; विधिनोपचरेद्देवं तन्त्रोक्तेन च केशवम् (vidhinopacareddevaṃ tantroktena ca keśavam) Bhāg. 11.3.47; जितमनसिजतन्त्रविचारम् (jitamanasijatantravicāram) Gīt.2.

9) Subservience, dependence; as in स्वतन्त्र, परतन्त्र (svatantra, paratantra); दैवतन्त्रं दुःखम् (daivatantraṃ duḥkham) Dk.5.

1) A scientific work.

11) a chapter, section, as of a work; तन्त्रैः पञ्चभिरेतच्चकार सुमनोहरं शास्त्रम् (tantraiḥ pañcabhiretaccakāra sumanoharaṃ śāstram) Pt.1.

12) A religious treatise teaching magical and mystical formularies for the worship of the deities or the attainment of superhuman power; Ks.23.63; Bṛ. S.16.19.

13) The cause of more than one effect.

14) A spell.

15) A chief remedy of charm; जानन्ति तन्त्रयुक्तिम् (jānanti tantrayuktim) Ms.2.1.

16) A drug, medicament.

17) An oath, ordeal.

18) Raiment.

19) The right way of doing anything.

2) Royal retinue, train, court.

21) A realm, country, authority.

22) (a) Government, ruling, administration; लोकतन्त्रविधानम् (lokatantravidhānam) Mb.3.162.1;13.63.5; लोकतन्त्राधिकारः (lokatantrādhikāraḥ) Ś.5. (b) Arrangement or machinery of government; सर्वमेव तन्त्रमाकुली- भूतम् (sarvameva tantramākulī- bhūtam) Mu.1;2.1.

23) An army; पराजिताः फल्गुतन्त्रैः (parājitāḥ phalgutantraiḥ) Bhāg.1.54.15.

24) A heap, multitude.

25) A house.

26) Decoration.

27) Wealth.

28) Happiness.

29) Model.

3) Supporting a family; Mv.2.17.

31) Providing for the security and prosperity of a kingdom; Mb.1.13. 26.

32) A group of acts or subsidiaries common to several प्रधानकर्म (pradhānakarma)s or things; यत् सकृत्कृतं बहूनामुपकरोति तत् तन्त्रमित्युच्यते । तथा बहूनां ब्राह्मणानां मध्ये कृतः प्रदीपः (yat sakṛtkṛtaṃ bahūnāmupakaroti tat tantramityucyate | tathā bahūnāṃ brāhmaṇānāṃ madhye kṛtaḥ pradīpaḥ) ŚB. on MS.11.1.1; तन्त्रं साधारणो धर्मग्रामः (tantraṃ sādhāraṇo dharmagrāmaḥ) | ŚB. on MS.12.1.1. (Opp. āvāpaḥ)

33) The order of the world; यतः प्रवर्तते तन्त्रं यत्र च प्रतितिष्ठति (yataḥ pravartate tantraṃ yatra ca pratitiṣṭhati) Mb.14.2.14.

34) A detail (matter or thing) which is subservient to (i. e. serves the purpose of) several things simultaneously; साधारणं भवेत् तन्त्रम् (sādhāraṇaṃ bhavet tantram) ŚB. on MS.12.1.1.

Derivable forms: tantram (तन्त्रम्).

--- OR ---

Tantrā (तन्त्रा).—Sleepiness; cf. तन्द्रा (tandrā).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 1182 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Svatantra (स्वतन्त्र).—a. 1) self-dependent, uncontrolled, independent, self-willed. 2) of age,...
Paratantra (परतन्त्र).—a. dependent on another, dependent, subservient. Paratantra is a Sanskri...
Uttaratantra (उत्तरतन्त्र).—Name of a supplementary section in the medical work of Suśruta. Der...
Bhūtatantra (भूततन्त्र) refers to one of the four classifications of Tantras belonging to the Ś...
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Śalyatantra (शल्यतन्त्र) is the name of an Āgama or Tantra mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantr...
The Svacchanda-tantra (Śrīsvacchandatantram) is the official book title of the Svacchanda Ta...
Vātulatantra (वातुलतन्त्र) is the name of an Āgama or Tantra mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatan...
Śābaratantra (शाबरतन्त्र) or simply Śābara refers to one of the twenty-eight Gāruḍatantras, bel...
Viṣatantra (विषतन्त्र).—toxicology. Derivable forms: viṣatantram (विषतन्त्रम्).Viṣatantra is a ...
Ānandatantra (आनन्दतन्त्र) or simply Ānanda refers to one of the twenty-three Vāmatantras, belo...
Pañcatantra (पञ्चतन्त्र).—A. General information. An ancient book of distinction written by th...
Ṛktantra (ऋक्तन्त्र).—Name of the Pariśiṣtas of the Sāma Veda. Derivable forms: ṛktantram (ऋक्त...
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