Marka: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Marka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Marka (मर्क).—See under the word Śaṇḍāmarka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Marka (मर्क).—(Śaṇḍa) an Asura; one of the four sons of Śukra and a tutor of Prahlāda;1 seen by the Gods at the sacrifice;2 one of the two disciples the other being Śaṇḍa of Śukra sent to help the Asuras; but he joined the camp of the Devas, the latter offering him a place in sacrifices.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 5. 1-2, 48-50; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 78; 72. 72, 87; 73. 63-4; Matsya-purāṇa 47. 41; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 77.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 47. 54.
  • 3) Ib. 47. 224-31; Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 72 and 86; 98. 63; 108. 60.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Marka (मर्क).—a. Ved.

1) Cleaning, purifying.

2) Perishing, dying away.

-rkaḥ 1 The vital breath, life-wind.

2) An ape, a monkey; मर्कान् भोक्ष्यन् विभजति स चेन्नात्ति भाण्डं भिनत्ति (markān bhokṣyan vibhajati sa cennātti bhāṇḍaṃ bhinatti) Bhāgavata 1.8.29.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Marka (मर्क).—m.

(-rkaḥ) 1. The air, the wind. 2. The body. 3. A monkey. E. marca to sound, or a Santra root, to move, Unadi aff. kan .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Marka (मर्क).— (vb. mṛ), m. 1. A body, 2. The vital breath which pervades the body. 3. A monkey. 4. An imp Stenzler, in Journ. of the German Oriental Society, vii. 531, 16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Marka (मर्क).—1. [masculine] eclipse (of the sun).

--- OR ---

Marka (मर्क).—2. [masculine] [Name] of the Purohita of the Asuras etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Marka (मर्क):—[from mark] 1. marka m. an ape, monkey, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of Vāyu, the wind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] the mind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) 2. marka m. (√mṛc cf. marc below) seizure id est. eclipse (of sun), [Ṛg-veda x, 27, 20] (marka), Name of the Purohita of the Asuras (held to be a son of Śukra), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa]

5) a demon presiding over various sicknesses of childhood, [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra]

6) Name of a Yakṣa, [Catalogue(s)]

7) 3. marka m. ([according to] to [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 43 fr.] √marc) the vital breath which pervades the body, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (others ‘wind’ and ‘body’).

8) Mārka (मार्क):—m. = mārkava, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Marka (मर्क):—(rkaḥ) 1. m. The air, the wind; the body; a monkey.

[Sanskrit to German]

Marka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Marka in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) mark, trademark; sign; ~[ke ka] remarkable (as [marake ki bata])..—marka (मारका) is alternatively transliterated as Mārakā.

2) Mārkā (मार्का):—(nm) see [mārakā].

context information

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