Dandi, Daṇḍi, Daṇḍin, Dandin, Daṇḍī: 22 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dandi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Daṇḍī (दण्डी):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Mudreśa (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Daṇḍi (दण्डि) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Devadāruvana, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (e.g., Daṇḍi) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Daṇḍi (दण्डि).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. Mention is made about him in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Stanza 103.

2) Daṇḍī (दण्डी).—A god. This god is worshipped as a waiter of the Sun. The sun is consecrated in a chariot of one wheel, yoked with seven horses, and wearing two lotus flowers. On the rightside of the Sun his waiter Daṇḍī will be standing as door-keeper with ink and pen in his hand, and on the left his waiter Piṅgala will be standing with a stick in his hand. These two gate-keepers are the two gaṇas of the Sun. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 51).

3) Daṇḍī (दण्डी).—A famous critic and writer of Sanskrit literature. He lived in the 6th century B.C. His critical work Kāvyādarśa made him famous. There are three chapters in this book. The first chapter is about criticism of poetry and the use of idioms. The second chapter deals with figurative language. The third chapter deals with alliteration and rhyme and the flaws in poetry.

'Daśakumāracarita', is supposed to be another work of Daṇḍī. (History of Classical Sanskrit Literature).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Daṇḍi (दण्डि).—A Brahmana mendicant; the guise in which Budha approached Ilā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 11. 55.

1b) A door-keeper to the Sun god.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 261. 5.

1c) A Bhārgava gotrakara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 17.

1d) Performed tapas at Sitādri in Gayā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 56.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Daṇḍī (दण्डी) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.24, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Daṇḍī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Dandī (दन्दी) refers to one of the various Gaṇas (Śiva’s associates), according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the text refers the leaders of the Gaṇas who attended the marriage of Śiva and Pārvatī. They are [viz., Dandī] [...]. The text further describes that after the marriage of the divine pair, the Lord went to Kailāsa for sport. There he played with various Gaṇas of different forms.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)

Daṇḍin (दण्डिन्) is part of a sculpture of Sūrya (sun god) found at the temple of Lokeśvara, eastern porch ceiling.—In the upper portion of the tableau, by the side of the Sun are two makara, aquatic animals from the mouth of which are jutting out two human beings. Below these personages are seated two devotees, one on each side. They are Daṇḍin and Piṅgala. The former with a palm leaf book and a style is writing. On the snouts of aquatic reptiles are seated Śaṅkhanidhi and Padmanidhi. On the right hand side of the tableau, Mandeha, a group of demons who tried to attack the sun god, are taking to their heels. It is believed that they were taken aback when seven ascetics began to offer morning arghya, offering water respectfully to Sūrya. So these ascetics are shown on the right side of the god and on the left side are seen celestial beings offering flowers to him.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Daṇḍin (दण्डिन्) was a soldier in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army whose strength is considered as equaling a full-power warrior (pūrṇaratha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Daṇḍin, and others], are all full-power warriors”.

The story of Daṇḍin was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Daṇḍin, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Google Books: Croaking Frogs: A Guide to Sanskrit Metrics and Figures of Speech

Daṇḍin was another one of the earliest writes on poetics. His dates are uncertain, ranging from as early as 660 to as late as the first half of the eighth century CE. His treatise, the Kāvyādarśa, was divided into three chapters:

  1. Definition of kāvya in relation to his theory of poetry,
  2. Definition of alaṅkāra, with descriptions of various arthālaṅkāras,
  3. An elaborate treatment of śabdālaṅkarā.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Google Books: An Esoteric Exposition of the Bardo Thodol Part A

Daṇḍī (दण्डी):—One of the six ‘Queens of Yoga’ projecting the rites of enrichment—The greenish white fox-headed Daṇḍī, holding a cudgel stands at the northern petal of the right Gonad centre that channels prānas to and from Splenic centre II.

These prāṇas are the most refined (Earthy-Aether) that this chakra can express, though they also represent what Splenic centre II rejects along the piṇgalā line, needed reprocessing. Consequently they are forceful potencies of desire-sexuality which the wily fox obtains to gain what is desired otto obtain that which is most pleasurable by stealth and cunning rather than through brute force. Saṃskāras concerning the generation of the object of desire thus come into play. Later the cudgel is utilised to pummel out unwanted, unwholesome desires and wrongly directed deceitful sexual impulses.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

daṇḍī (दंडी).—m (daṇḍa S) An order or an individual of it of the sannyāsī, carrying a staff.

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daṇḍī (दंडी).—a (S) Armed with or carrying a staff. 2 Having the stripe or raised seam called daṇḍa--a garment.

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daṇḍī (दंडी).—f A kind of metre. 2 A particular stringed musical instrument.

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dandī (दंदी).—a (dvandva S) Grudge-bearing or malicious: also hating or hostile gen.

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dāṇḍī (दांडी).—f (Dim. of dāṇḍā q. v.) The pole of a palanquin: the pole or beam of a plough, harrow, and other implements: the shaft of a cart: the stock of the tail of a horse: the penis of a horse: a line, rod, or stick stretched along in the air to hang clothes &c.: the bar on some pieces of copper money: the beam of a balance: a strip of land running out into the sea: the shaft of an oar: the stick of an umbrella, pankha, fan, flybrush: the stem of a vīṇā, satāra &c.: a squared piece of timber, a beam: a billow or large and long wave.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

daṇḍī (दंडी).—m An order or an individual of it of the sannyāsī carrying a staff.

--- OR ---

dāṇḍī (दांडी).—f The pole of a palanquin, &c.; a beam. A strip of land running out into the sea.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Daṇḍin (दण्डिन्).—a. [daṇḍa-astyarthe ini] Bearing or having a staff; न शक्या धर्मतो हन्तुं कालेनापीह दण्डिना (na śakyā dharmato hantuṃ kālenāpīha daṇḍinā) Mb.9.61.66. -m.

1) A Brāhmaṇa of the fourth order, a Samnyāsin,

2) A door-keeper, porter.

3) An oarsman.

4) A Jaina ascetic.

5) An epithet of Yama.

6) A king.

7) A religious mendicant (Bhikṣu).

8) An epithet of Śiva.

9) Name of a poet, author of the Kāvyādarśa and Daśakumāracharita; जाते जगति वाल्मीके कविरित्यभिधाऽभवत् । कवि इति ततो व्यासे कवयस्त्वयि दण्डिनि (jāte jagati vālmīke kavirityabhidhā'bhavat | kavi iti tato vyāse kavayastvayi daṇḍini) || Udb.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Daṇḍin (दण्डिन्).—name of a brahman: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.116.4 ff. (corresp. to Pali Gāmaṇi Caṇḍa, see Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names)).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daṇḍin (दण्डिन्).—mfn. (-ṇḍī-ṇḍinī-ṇḍi) Having a staff or stick. m. (-ṇḍī) 1. A doorkeeper, a warder, a porter, a staff or mace-bearer. 2. A name of Yama. 3. A man of the fourth order or beggar. 4. A mendicant carrying a staff. 5. A mendicant of a particular order, derived from Sankaracharya. 6. A Jina or Jaina saint. E. daṇḍa a staff, &c. and ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daṇḍin (दण्डिन्).—i. e. daṇḍa + in, I. adj. Bearing a staff, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 52. Ii. m. 1. Epithet of Yama, Kām. Nītis. 2, 36. 2. A proper name, Mahābhārata 1, 2738.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daṇḍin (दण्डिन्).—[adjective] carrying a stick or staff; [masculine] = [preceding] [masculine], also a Brahman in the fourth stage of his life; [Epithet] of Yama, [Name] of an author etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Daṇḍin (दण्डिन्) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Kāvyādarśa. Used in the compilation of the Sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇa. Verses from it in Śp. p. 34. Chandoviciti. Kāvyādarśa 1, 12. Daśakumāracarita.

2) Daṇḍin (दण्डिन्):—Anāmayastotra.

3) Daṇḍin (दण्डिन्):—Kāvyaprakāśaṭīkā. Rādh. 45.

4) Daṇḍin (दण्डिन्):—Nāmamālā lex. Rādh. 46.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Daṇḍi (दण्डि):—[from daṇḍāra > daṇḍa] m. [plural] Name of a family, [Pravara texts vii, 2.]

—— OR ——

1) Daṇḍin (दण्डिन्):—[from daṇḍa] mfn. ([Pāṇini 5-2, 115; Kāśikā-vṛtti]) carrying a stick, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiii; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. a Brāhman in the 4th stage of his life (= ṭri-), [Kālidāsa]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of an order of ascetics founded by Śaṃkarācārya, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] a door-keeper, policeman, [Nalopākhyāna iv, 25; Kādambarī i, 225]

5) [v.s. ...] an oarsman, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] Yama, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra ii, 36]

7) [v.s. ...] Mañju-śrī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] ([gana] naḍādi) Name of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata i, 2738]

9) [v.s. ...] of a door-keeper of the Sun, [Rāmāyaṇa vii, 23, 2, 9 and 11]

10) [v.s. ...] of the author of [Daśakumāra-carita; Kāvyādarśa] and some 3rd work

11) [v.s. ...] Artemisia Abrotanum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a family, [Pravara texts ii, 2, 2.]

13) Dāṇḍin (दाण्डिन्):—[from dāṇḍa] m. [plural] the school of Daṇḍa ([gana] śaunakādi).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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