Nirriti, aka: Nirṛti, Nirrti; 6 Definition(s)
Nirriti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Nirṛti can be transliterated into English as Nirrti or Nirriti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Nirṛti (निरृति) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped in the western quarter and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (eg., Nirṛti).(Source): Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
1) Nirṛti (निरृति).—A Deva. The Purāṇas contain the following information about him.
(i) He is one of the Aṣṭadikpālas (guards of the eight quarters). He is in charge of the south-western corner. (See under Aṣṭadikpālas).
(ii) He is one of the Ekādaśarudras. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 66, Verse 2).
(iii) Brahmā was his grand-father and Sthāṇu his father. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 66, Verse 2).
(iv) He attended the birth-day celebrations of Arjuna. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 129, Verse 63).
(v) In temples his idols are installed with sword in hand and seated on an ass. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 51).
2) Nirṛti (निरृति).—Wife of the Deva called Adharma. She had three sons called Bhaya, Mahābhaya and Antaka. These Rākṣasas are known as Nairṛtas. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 66, Verse 54).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Nirṛti (निरृति).—Childless, adopted the twins of Adharma;1 with his vehicle drawn by men went against Kṛṣṇa taking Pārijāta; but soon felt he could not fight Kṛṣṇa and went away quietly;2 his town was visited by Arjuna in search of the dead child of the Dvārakā Brahmana.3
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 8. 2; Viṣṇu-purāṇa 3. 14.
- 2) Ib. X. [65 (v) 42]; [66 (v) 36].
- 3) Ib. X. 89. 44.
1b) One of the western entrances to the city of Purañjana, leading to the country of Vaiśasa; allegorically guda.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 25. 53; 29. 14.
1c) A muhūrta of the day.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 40, 70; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 41; 111. 40.
1e) Found Kubera overwhelmed by Kujambha and took his sword for war; when he was about to be vanquished, Varuṇa tied down with noose the two hands of Kujambha; Mahiṣa defeated both Nirṛti and Varuṇa, released Kujambha; reported to Indra;1 beaten by Tāraka.2
1f) A Vasu; a son of Dharma and Sudevī.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 47.
1g) As a lokapāla.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 266. 22.
1h) The God of the South-west.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 31.
1i) Worshipped for the destruction of the foe; issued from the arms of Brahmā.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 3. 9; III. 12. 26.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Nirṛti (निरृति) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.2) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Nirṛti) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Nirṛti (निरृति):—In Vedic hinduism, she is the regent of the south-western direction (sometimes as nirṛta). She represents the Goddess of misery and represents suffering, poverty, disease, and death. As a deity, she resides in the sacred fig tree (pipal) where Lakṣmī visits her every satury.
She is the wife of Adharma (‘sin’) and they have three sons:
- and Mahābhaya
Languages of India and abroad
1) Decay, destruction, dissolution; विद्याद लक्ष्मीकतमं जनानां मुखे निबद्धां निर्ऋतिं वहन्तम् (vidyāda lakṣmīkatamaṃ janānāṃ mukhe nibaddhāṃ nirṛtiṃ vahantam) Mb.1.87.9;5.36.8.
2) A calamity, evil, bane, adversity; हिंसाया निर्ऋतेर्मृत्यो- र्निरयस्य गुदः स्मृतः (hiṃsāyā nirṛtermṛtyo- rnirayasya gudaḥ smṛtaḥ) Bhāg.2.6.9; सा हि लोकस्य निर्ऋतिः (sā hi lokasya nirṛtiḥ) U. 5.3.
3) An imprecation, a curse.
4) Death or destruction personified, the goddess of death or destruction, the regent of the south-western quarter; Bhāg. 1.19.4; पाकयज्ञविधानेन यजेत निर्ऋतिं निशि (pākayajñavidhānena yajeta nirṛtiṃ niśi) Ms.11.119.
5) The bottom of the earth.
6) The asterism Mūla. -m.
1) Death or genius of death; राज्यकामो मनून् देवान्निर्ऋतिं त्वभि- चरन् यजेत् (rājyakāmo manūn devānnirṛtiṃ tvabhi- caran yajet) Bhāg.2.3.9.
2) Name of one of the 8 Vasus.
3) Name of a Rudra.
Derivable forms: nirṛtiḥ (निरृतिः).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 25 books and stories containing Nirriti, Nirṛti or Nirrti. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa VII, adhyāya 2, brāhmaṇa 1 < [Seventh Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa V, adhyāya 2, brāhmaṇa 3 < [Fifth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa V, adhyāya 3, brāhmaṇa 1 < [Fifth Kāṇḍa]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 11.118 < [Section XII - Expiation for the Immoral Religious Student (avakīrṇa)]
Verse 2.31 < [Section X - The ‘Naming Ceremony’ (nāmadheya)]
Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra (by Pāraskara)
The Gautami Mahatmya (by G. P. Bhatt)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 22 - The dalliance of Śivā and Śiva on the Himālayas < [Section 2.2 - Rudra-saṃhitā (2): Satī-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 36 - The dialogue between Viṣṇu and Vīrabhadra < [Section 2.2 - Rudra-saṃhitā (2): Satī-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 43 - Description of Śiva’s wonderful sport < [Section 2.3 - Rudra-saṃhitā (3): Pārvatī-khaṇḍa]
Vedānta-sūtras Part II (by George Thibaut)