Arishta, Ariṣṭa, Ariṣṭa, Ariṣṭā: 19 definitions

Introduction

Arishta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ariṣṭa and Ariṣṭa and Ariṣṭā can be transliterated into English as Arista or Arishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Ariṣṭā (अरिष्टा).—Wife of Kaśyapa. The Gandharvas were born of her. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 19, Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 83).

2) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—(ARIṢṬAKA). An asura, a servant of Kaṃsa. Once, at the instance of Kaṃsa he went to Gokula disguised as an ox to kill Śrī Kṛṣṇa. The ox instilled terror in people by tearing to pieces hills and mountaisn with its horns and bellowing like hell. But Śrī Kṛṣṇa faced the beast, and rained blows on him and it was thrown hundred yojanas away and it died. At the time of death it regained its fromer from as Asura. (Bhāgavata, Daśama, Skandha, Chapter 37).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—A son of Danu.1 Took part with Bali in the Devāsura war.2 A dānava with manuṣya dharma.3 Known for music.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 30.
  • 2) Ib. VIII. 10. 22.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 15.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 73.

1b) The son of Mitra and Revatī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 6.

1c) An asura friend of Kaṃsa.1 Came once to the vraja of Nanda in the form of a terrific bull. Gopas and gopis got afraid as also the cattle there; attacked Kṛṣṇa who vanquished him.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 2. 1; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 24; 4. 2; 12. 21.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 36. 1-16; 46. 26; II. 7. 34; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 73. 100; IV. 29. 124; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 14 (whole); 15. 1; 29. 4.

1d) A son of Vaivasvata Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 11. 41; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 33.

1e) A son of Bali; took part in the Tārakāmaya war.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 173. 20; 177. 7.

1f) One of the nine sons of Manu; killed by Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 85. 4; 98. 100.

2a) Ariṣṭā (अरिष्टा).—The mother of eight apsaras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 48.

2b) A daughter of Dakṣa, one of Kaśyapa's wives and mother of Kinnaras and Gandharvas;1 expert in music.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 25, 29; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 1 and 45; 146. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 55; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 25.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 56; 7. 467.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.77) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ariṣṭa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Ariṣṭā also refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.12, I.65).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) refers to a medicated spirituous liquid, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The substance is prepared from honey and treacle, with the addition of various medicinal substances. Next, the substance is being steeped in water and will be laid aside in earthen jars for various fermentations. Ariṣṭa is prepared using a decoction of drugs for fermentation, as opposed to Āsava, which uses raw vegetables .

2) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट):—Another name for Nimba, a medicinal plant (Azadirachta indica) used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

Source: Academia.edu: Ayurveda and Pharmaceutics

Ariṣṭa and Āsava (Medicated wines): These forms of medicines are produced by fermentation process. Ariṣṭas are prepared by decoction mixed with solution of sugar or jaggery. Āsavas are made with juices of medicinal herbs soaked in solution of sugar or jaggery. Both āsava and ariṣṭa are in liquid form, have sweet taste and acquire strength with passing of time. Example: Drakshāsava and Dasamūlāriṣṭa.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Ariṣṭā (अरिष्टा) is another name for Bhadrodanī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.103-105 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Note: Narhari’s Bhadrodanī may be Rājabalā of Dh. [Dhanvantari?]. Together with the names Ariṣṭā and Bhadrodanī, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Preparation of Arjunāriṣṭa

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) and Āsava are fermented preparations of medicinal plants. The fermentation procedure adopted to prepare these preparations is termed as ‘sandhāna-kalpanā‘ and the ferment used to stimulate fermentation is termed as ‘sandhāna-dravya‘. Āsavas are usually prepared by fermenting expressed juice (svarasa), whereas Ariṣṭas are prepared from fermentation of decoctions. Sugar or jaggery and powders (cūrṇas) of medicinal plants as required along with a natural ferment are added to these two liquids and they are left in a closed container till the fermentation is completed. Āsava and Ariṣṭas can be prepared from svarasa or kvātha (as the case may be) of single plant or from a mixture of ‘svarasa‘ or ‘kvātha‘ from multiple plants.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

1) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) and Āsava refers to “herbal wines” (a type of medicinal fermented drugs) and is a Sanskrit technical term appearing in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva..—Āsava and ariṣṭa (fermented drugs) are the varieties of herbal wines subjected to natural fermentation. For preparing them 12.288ltrs of liquid, 4.8kg jaggary, honey—half of jaggary and powdered dugs—one tenth of jaggary are used. Being properly cooked they are poured in an earthen pot smeared with ghee and a little turmeric powder for avoiding the whole turning sour. Then it is kept in underground cellar or heap of grain for about a month for fermentation. Preparation of both is same except that for āsava decoction of the drug is used while for ariṣṭa, svarasa is used or the drugs are simply added. In fact, they operate as wines and at the same time they possess the qualities of drug. They are stimulants having stomachic properties.

2) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) is another name for “Nimba” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning ariṣṭa] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) or Ariṣṭikā refers to the “soap berry tree” (Sapindus detergens; Azadirachta indica) according to N. Chidambaram Iyer in his translation of chapter 48 of the Bṛhatsaṃhitā. Ariṣṭikā is mentioned in a list of seeds and roots that are to be thrown into the pots during the Puṣyasnāna ceremony.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

She is a daughter of Daksha and the wife of Kashyapa. The Gandharvas are her sons.

Source: Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia

Ariṣṭa literally means ‘unhurt’. Though the word ‘ariṣṭa’ is used in several senses (as for instance - proof against injury, crow, soap-berry tree, garlic and so on), in a more technical sense it indicates the ill-omens foreboding misfortune or even death, especially in the case of a patient.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—n (S) Calamity, evil, distress, wretchedness. 2 Marauders, invaders, locusts, or such natural phenomena as comets, meteors, earthquakes, a cause or occasion in general considered as calamitous or portentous. 3 Mischievous tricks (as of children). 4 Ill fortune. 5 Injurious excess or vehemence (as of raining, blowing, crying, or of action gen.) v māṇḍa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—n Calamity, evil, distress, wretch- edness. Injurious excess or vehe- mence (as of raining, crying &c.).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—a.

1) Unhurt; perfect, complete; imperishable, undecaying, secure, safe; अरिष्टं गज्छ पन्थानम् (ariṣṭaṃ gajcha panthānam) Rām.1.24. 3; अरिष्टं मार्गमातिष्ठत् पुण्यं वा तु निषेवितम् (ariṣṭaṃ mārgamātiṣṭhat puṇyaṃ vā tu niṣevitam) Rām.

2) Auspicious, अक्षताभ्यामरिष्टाभ्यां हतः कर्णो महारथः (akṣatābhyāmariṣṭābhyāṃ hataḥ karṇo mahārathaḥ) Mb.8.66.2.

3) unauspicious; अरिष्टमैन्द्रं निशितम् (ariṣṭamaindraṃ niśitam) Rām.6.67.164.

-ṣṭaḥ 1 A heron (kaṅka).

2) A raven, crow.

3) An enemy; अरिष्टस्त्वाष्ट्रस्य (ariṣṭastvāṣṭrasya) Mv.4.18.

4) Name of various plants :-- (a) the soap-berry tree (Mar. riṭhā); कुतपानामरिष्टकैः (kutapānāmariṣṭakaiḥ) (śuddhiḥ) Ms. 5.12. (b) another plant (Mar. niṃba) Rām.2.94.9. Bhāg.8.2.12.

5) Garlic.

6) A distilled mixture.

7) Name of a demon killed by Kṛṣṇa; a son of Bali.

-ṣṭā 1 A bandage.

2) Name of a medical plant (kaṭukā).

3) Name of a daughter of Dakṣa and one of the wives of Kaśyapa, and mother of महाश्वेता (mahāśvetā).

-ṣṭam 1 Bad or ill luck, evil, misfortune, calamity.

2) A portentous phenomenon foreboding misfortune, unlucky omen (such as earth-quake).

3) Unfavourable symptom, especially of approaching death; रोगिणो मरणं यस्मादवश्यं भावि लभ्यते । तल्लक्षणमरिष्टं स्याद्रिष्टमप्यमिधीयते (rogiṇo maraṇaṃ yasmādavaśyaṃ bhāvi labhyate | tallakṣaṇamariṣṭaṃ syādriṣṭamapyamidhīyate) || cf. also Pātañjala Yogadarśana 3.22.

4) Good fortune or luck, happiness.

5) The lying-in-chamber, delivery-room, women's apartments; कर्मारारिष्टशालासु ज्वलेदग्निः सुरक्षितः (karmārāriṣṭaśālāsu jvaledagniḥ surakṣitaḥ) Mb.12.69.49; (antaḥpuram); अपस्नात इवारिष्ठं प्रविवेश गृहोत्तमम् (apasnāta ivāriṣṭhaṃ praviveśa gṛhottamam) Rām.

6) Butter-milk.

7) Spirituous liquor; ग्लानिच्छेदी क्षुत्प्रबोधाय पीत्वा रक्तारिष्टम् (glānicchedī kṣutprabodhāya pītvā raktāriṣṭam) Śi. 18.77. cf.... अरिष्टं सूतिकागृहे । अशुभे निम्बवृक्षे च शुभे तक्राङ्कयोः पुमान् । काके च फेनिले नीचे व्यसनेऽनर्थलम्बयोः । भग्यहीने (ariṣṭaṃ sūtikāgṛhe | aśubhe nimbavṛkṣe ca śubhe takrāṅkayoḥ pumān | kāke ca phenile nīce vyasane'narthalambayoḥ | bhagyahīne)... Nm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—(1) name of a former Buddha: Mahāvastu iii.231.1; (2) perhaps to be read for Ṛṣṭa, q.v.; (3) name of a monk (= Pali Ariṭṭha, see Vin. ii.25.12 ff.), punished for heresy by the utkṣepaṇīya: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iii.30.4 ff.

--- OR ---

Ariṣṭā (अरिष्टा).—name of a devakumārī in the western quarter: Mahāvastu iii.308.8; compare next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—m.

(-ṣṭaḥ) 1. The soap-berry plant, (Sapindus saponaria, &c.) 2. Garlick. 3. The Nimb tree, (Melia azadaracta.) 4. A crow. 5. A heron. 6. The name of an Asur or infernal spirit. n.

(-ṣṭaṃ) 1. A woman’s apartment, the lying-in chamber. 2. Good fortune, happiness. 3. Bad or ill luck, misfortune. 4. Buttermilk. 5. Vinous spirit. 6. Sing or symptom of approaching death. 7. A portent, some natural phenomenon considered as indicating calamity. E. a neg. and riṣṭa bad or good fortune.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—[adjective] unharmed, safe, secure. [masculine] [Name] of a tree; [neuter] good or bad luck.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट):—[=a-riṣṭa] [from a-riṣaṇya] mf(ā)n. unhurt, [Ṛg-veda] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] proof against injury or damage, [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] secure, safe, [Ṛg-veda]

4) [v.s. ...] boding misfortune (as birds of ill omen, etc.), [Adbhuta-brāhmaṇa; Harivaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] fatal, disastrous (as a house), [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 42, 22]

6) [v.s. ...] m. a heron, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a crow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] the soapberry tree, Sapindus Detergens Roxb. (the fruits of which are used in washing, [Yājñavalkya i,186])

9) [v.s. ...] cf. arī ṣṭaka

10) [v.s. ...] Azadirachta Indica, [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 94, 9]

11) [v.s. ...] garlic, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] a distilled mixture, a kind of liquor, [Suśruta]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of an Asura (with the shape of an ox, son of Bali, slain by Kṛṣṇa or Viṣṇu), [Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

14) [v.s. ...] of a son of Manu Vaivasvata, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] ([varia lectio] for deṣṭa)

15) [v.s. ...] m. ill-luck, misfortune (See ariṣṭa n.), [Mahābhārata xii, 6573]

16) Ariṣṭā (अरिष्टा):—[=a-riṣṭā] [from a-riṣṭa > a-riṣaṇya] f. a bandage, [Suśruta]

17) [v.s. ...] a medical plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [Skanda-purāṇa]

19) [v.s. ...] Name of a daughter of Dakṣa and one of the wives of Kaśyapa, [Harivaṃśa]

20) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट):—[=a-riṣṭa] [from a-riṣaṇya] n. bad or ill-luck. misfortune

21) [v.s. ...] a natural phenomenon boding approaching death

22) [v.s. ...] good fortune, happiness, [Mahābhārata iv, 2126], buttermilk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

23) [v.s. ...] vinous spirit, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

24) [v.s. ...] a woman’s apartment, the lying-in chamber (cf. ariṣṭagṛha and -śayyā below), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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