Arishta, Ariṣṭa, Ariṣṭa, Ariṣṭā: 37 definitions


Arishta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ariṣṭa and Ariṣṭa and Ariṣṭā can be transliterated into English as Arista or Arishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Arisht.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ayurveda: Cikitsa

1) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) refers to a medicated spirituous liquid, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The substance is prepared from honey and treacle, with the addition of various medicinal substances. Next, the substance is being steeped in water and will be laid aside in earthen jars for various fermentations. Ariṣṭa is prepared using a decoction of drugs for fermentation, as opposed to Āsava, which uses raw vegetables .

2) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट):—Another name for Nimba, a medicinal plant (Azadirachta indica) used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Ariṣṭā (अरिष्टा) is another name for Bhadrodanī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.103-105 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Note: Narhari’s Bhadrodanī may be Rājabalā of Dh. [Dhanvantari?]. Together with the names Ariṣṭā and Bhadrodanī, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

1) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) and Āsava refers to “herbal wines” (a type of medicinal fermented drugs) and is a Sanskrit technical term appearing in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva..—Āsava and ariṣṭa (fermented drugs) are the varieties of herbal wines subjected to natural fermentation. For preparing them 12.288ltrs of liquid, 4.8kg jaggary, honey—half of jaggary and powdered dugs—one tenth of jaggary are used. Being properly cooked they are poured in an earthen pot smeared with ghee and a little turmeric powder for avoiding the whole turning sour. Then it is kept in underground cellar or heap of grain for about a month for fermentation. Preparation of both is same except that for āsava decoction of the drug is used while for ariṣṭa, svarasa is used or the drugs are simply added. In fact, they operate as wines and at the same time they possess the qualities of drug. They are stimulants having stomachic properties.

2) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) is another name for “Nimba” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning ariṣṭa] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) refers to a type of liqueur, which is mentioned in verse 3.21-22 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] having bathed (and) besmeared oneself with camphor, sandal, aloe, and saffron; (and) eating old barley and wheat, honey, and the roasted meat of game; one shall together with friends drink unvitiated āsava and ariṣṭa liqueur, rum, wine, and mead mixed with mango juice, offered by one’s love after (her) having tasted (them),  [...]”.

Note: āsava and ariṣṭa are two brands of liqueur differing in their share of liquid and solid ingredients (Ḍalhaṇa on Suśrutasaṃhitā I.45.197). The former is prepared from 100 palas of wood-apple extract, 500 palas of inspissated sugar-cane juice, and 1 prastha of honey (Kauṭilya’s Arthaśāstra II.25.19). The latter is made either, according to the Mitākṣarā, of soap-berries and molasses or, according to the Matsyaśuktatantra, of bael roots, plums, and sugar (Mitra, Indo-Aryans I p. 412).

Source: Ayurveda and Pharmaceutics

Ariṣṭa and Āsava (Medicated wines): These forms of medicines are produced by fermentation process. Ariṣṭas are prepared by decoction mixed with solution of sugar or jaggery. Āsavas are made with juices of medicinal herbs soaked in solution of sugar or jaggery. Both āsava and ariṣṭa are in liquid form, have sweet taste and acquire strength with passing of time. Example: Drakshāsava and Dasamūlāriṣṭa.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Preparation of Arjunāriṣṭa

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) and Āsava are fermented preparations of medicinal plants. The fermentation procedure adopted to prepare these preparations is termed as ‘sandhāna-kalpanā‘ and the ferment used to stimulate fermentation is termed as ‘sandhāna-dravya‘. Āsavas are usually prepared by fermenting expressed juice (svarasa), whereas Ariṣṭas are prepared from fermentation of decoctions. Sugar or jaggery and powders (cūrṇas) of medicinal plants as required along with a natural ferment are added to these two liquids and they are left in a closed container till the fermentation is completed. Āsava and Ariṣṭas can be prepared from svarasa or kvātha (as the case may be) of single plant or from a mixture of ‘svarasa‘ or ‘kvātha‘ from multiple plants.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Ariṣṭā (अरिष्टा):—Tourniquet

2) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट):—[ariṣṭaḥ] Grave prognostic sign

Source: National Mission for Manuscripts: Traditional Medicine System in India

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) refers to a type of fermented preparation and represents one of the various Ayurvedic medicinal preparations and formulations.—Ayurvedic medicine are of different types. They can be used as single drugs, i.e. plants, metals and mineral drugs and animal drugs used in a single.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Ariṣṭā (अरिष्टा).—Wife of Kaśyapa. The Gandharvas were born of her. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 19, Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 83).

2) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—(ARIṢṬAKA). An asura, a servant of Kaṃsa. Once, at the instance of Kaṃsa he went to Gokula disguised as an ox to kill Śrī Kṛṣṇa. The ox instilled terror in people by tearing to pieces hills and mountaisn with its horns and bellowing like hell. But Śrī Kṛṣṇa faced the beast, and rained blows on him and it was thrown hundred yojanas away and it died. At the time of death it regained its fromer from as Asura. (Bhāgavata, Daśama, Skandha, Chapter 37).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) or Ariṣṭaśayyā refers to the “lying-in-couch”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.7.—Accordingly, after the Goddess (Umā/Śivā) incarnated as Pārvatī by becoming the daughter of Menā:—“The goddess of great brilliance assumed the form of her baby child in front of Menā and began to cry in accordance with the ways of the world. On account of her splendour that diffused all round the lying-in-couch [i.e., ariṣṭa-śayyā], the midnight lamps that burnt in the lying-in-chamber were rendered dim in a trice, O sage. The women in the house were extremely glad on hearing the gentle cry of the child. In their excited flutter and great pleasure they rushed in. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—A son of Danu.1 Took part with Bali in the Devāsura war.2 A dānava with manuṣya dharma.3 Known for music.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 30.
  • 2) Ib. VIII. 10. 22.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 15.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 73.

1b) The son of Mitra and Revatī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 6.

1c) An asura friend of Kaṃsa.1 Came once to the vraja of Nanda in the form of a terrific bull. Gopas and gopis got afraid as also the cattle there; attacked Kṛṣṇa who vanquished him.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 2. 1; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 24; 4. 2; 12. 21.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 36. 1-16; 46. 26; II. 7. 34; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 73. 100; IV. 29. 124; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 14 (whole); 15. 1; 29. 4.

1d) A son of Vaivasvata Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 11. 41; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 33.

1e) A son of Bali; took part in the Tārakāmaya war.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 173. 20; 177. 7.

1f) One of the nine sons of Manu; killed by Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 85. 4; 98. 100.

2a) Ariṣṭā (अरिष्टा).—The mother of eight apsaras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 48.

2b) A daughter of Dakṣa, one of Kaśyapa's wives and mother of Kinnaras and Gandharvas;1 expert in music.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 25, 29; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 1 and 45; 146. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 55; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 25.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 56; 7. 467.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.77) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ariṣṭa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Ariṣṭā also refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.12, I.65).

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

1) Ariṣṭā (अरिष्टा) refers to one of thirteen of Dakṣa’s sixty daughters given to Kaśyapa in marriage, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Dakṣa gets married to Asikni, the daughter of Prajāpati Viraṇa and begot sixty daughters. [He gave thirteen daughters to Kaśyapa]. Kaśyapa’s thirteen wives are Aditi, Diti, Danu, Ariṣṭā, Surasā, Svadhā, Surabhi, Vinatā, Tamrā, Krodhavasā, Irā and Muni. Gandharvas were born to Ariṣṭā.

2) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) refers to one of the nine sons of Manu Vaivasvata: the son of Saṃjñā and Bhāskara (sun-god), according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the Saurapurāṇa.—Accordingly, [...] It is stated that Aditi got from Kaśyapa, Bhāskara, the Sun-god. The Sun-god had four wives [viz., Saṃjñā]. Saṃjñā gave birth to Manu from the sun-god in whose race were born the kings (viz., Ariṣṭa).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) or Ariṣṭikā refers to the “soap berry tree” (Sapindus detergens; Azadirachta indica) according to N. Chidambaram Iyer in his translation of chapter 48 of the Bṛhatsaṃhitā. Ariṣṭikā is mentioned in a list of seeds and roots that are to be thrown into the pots during the Puṣyasnāna ceremony.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) refers to one of the thirty-six sacred trees, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “According to the Kula teaching (these) [i.e., Ariṣṭa] are the most excellent Kula trees that give accomplishments and liberation. (They are full of) Yoginīs, Siddhas, Lords of the Heroes and hosts of gods and demons. One should not touch them with one’s feet or urinate and defecate on them or have sex etc. below them. One should not cut etc. or burn them. Having worshipped and praised them regularly with their own flowers and shoots, one should always worship the Śrīkrama with devotion with their best fruits and roots. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) refers to “bad omens”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “This Mantra and Yantra are prescribed for Kings alone. Oh Nārada, the collections of mantras serve all general purposes. If the Earth-Master’s ministers are engaged in this worship, they protect the King even in the presence of bad omens (ariṣṭaariṣṭamukhato’pi te) [indicating that his life is in danger]”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) refers to the “signs of death”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.106cd-109]—“The [Mantrin] is to perform the lustration in order to secure prosperity of the king and in the kingdom when the king is touched by the power of death, when [the king], his sons, or his country are marked by signs of death (ariṣṭa-cihnita), etc., when Brahmins [and others] are [in danger] in all directions [i.e., in the capital and elsewhere], with the danger of loss of rice crops, grain, fruit, roots and water, and in times of famine, disease and great calamities. After sacrificing as before, the [Mantrin] should perform the water pot consecration”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

She is a daughter of Daksha and the wife of Kashyapa. The Gandharvas are her sons.

Source: Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia

Ariṣṭa literally means ‘unhurt’. Though the word ‘ariṣṭa’ is used in several senses (as for instance - proof against injury, crow, soap-berry tree, garlic and so on), in a more technical sense it indicates the ill-omens foreboding misfortune or even death, especially in the case of a patient.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) refers to “safety” (from the Navagraha) [i.e., navagrahāriṣṭa-śānti-kāmanārthaṃ], according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Ariṣṭā (अरिष्टा) is the name of an ancient city, according to chapter 4.4 [anantanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Now there is a very important city Ariṣṭā in the province Airāvata in East Videha in Dhātakīkhaṇḍadvīpa. In it there was a king, Padmaratha, who had great chariots, the sole mountain for the stumbling of the array of chariots of enemy-charioteers. After conquering all his enemies and subduing the whole earth, he did not care a straw for it, eager for subduing the Śrī of emancipation. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Arishta in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth. from the Plantaginaceae (Isabgol) family having the following synonyms: Picrorhiza kurrooa. For the possible medicinal usage of arishta, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Arishta [अरिष्ट] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Xanthium strumarium L. from the Asteraceae (Sunflower) family having the following synonyms: Xanthium indicum.

Arishta in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Sapindus emarginatus Vahl from the Sapindaceae (Soapberry) family.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Arista in India is the name of a plant defined with Azadirachta indica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Melia indica Brandis (among others).

2) Arista is also identified with Sapindus emarginatus It has the synonym Sapindus emarginatus Hort. Alger. (etc.).

3) Arista is also identified with Sapindus trifoliatus It has the synonym Sapindus trifoliatus Turcz. (etc.).

4) Arista is also identified with Xanthium strumarium It has the synonym Xanthium canadense Mill. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Taxon (1982)
· Publications of the Field Columbian Museum, Botanical Series (1918)
· Commentarii Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Gottingensis (1784)
· FBI (1881)
· Beiträge zur Botanik (1844)
· Blumea (1948)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Arista, for example chemical composition, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, side effects, health benefits, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—n (S) Calamity, evil, distress, wretchedness. 2 Marauders, invaders, locusts, or such natural phenomena as comets, meteors, earthquakes, a cause or occasion in general considered as calamitous or portentous. 3 Mischievous tricks (as of children). 4 Ill fortune. 5 Injurious excess or vehemence (as of raining, blowing, crying, or of action gen.) v māṇḍa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—n Calamity, evil, distress, wretch- edness. Injurious excess or vehe- mence (as of raining, crying &c.).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—a.

1) Unhurt; perfect, complete; imperishable, undecaying, secure, safe; अरिष्टं गज्छ पन्थानम् (ariṣṭaṃ gajcha panthānam) Rām.1.24. 3; अरिष्टं मार्गमातिष्ठत् पुण्यं वा तु निषेवितम् (ariṣṭaṃ mārgamātiṣṭhat puṇyaṃ vā tu niṣevitam) Rām.

2) Auspicious, अक्षताभ्यामरिष्टाभ्यां हतः कर्णो महारथः (akṣatābhyāmariṣṭābhyāṃ hataḥ karṇo mahārathaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 8.66.2.

3) unauspicious; अरिष्टमैन्द्रं निशितम् (ariṣṭamaindraṃ niśitam) Rām.6.67.164.

-ṣṭaḥ 1 A heron (kaṅka).

2) A raven, crow.

3) An enemy; अरिष्टस्त्वाष्ट्रस्य (ariṣṭastvāṣṭrasya) Mv.4.18.

4) Name of various plants :-- (a) the soap-berry tree (Mar. riṭhā); कुतपानामरिष्टकैः (kutapānāmariṣṭakaiḥ) (śuddhiḥ) Ms. 5.12. (b) another plant (Mar. niṃba) Rām.2.94.9. Bhāgavata 8.2.12.

5) Garlic.

6) A distilled mixture.

7) Name of a demon killed by Kṛṣṇa; a son of Bali.

-ṣṭā 1 A bandage.

2) Name of a medical plant (kaṭukā).

3) Name of a daughter of Dakṣa and one of the wives of Kaśyapa, and mother of महाश्वेता (mahāśvetā).

-ṣṭam 1 Bad or ill luck, evil, misfortune, calamity.

2) A portentous phenomenon foreboding misfortune, unlucky omen (such as earth-quake).

3) Unfavourable symptom, especially of approaching death; रोगिणो मरणं यस्मादवश्यं भावि लभ्यते । तल्लक्षणमरिष्टं स्याद्रिष्टमप्यमिधीयते (rogiṇo maraṇaṃ yasmādavaśyaṃ bhāvi labhyate | tallakṣaṇamariṣṭaṃ syādriṣṭamapyamidhīyate) || cf. also Pātañjala Yogadarśana 3.22.

4) Good fortune or luck, happiness.

5) The lying-in-chamber, delivery-room, women's apartments; कर्मारारिष्टशालासु ज्वलेदग्निः सुरक्षितः (karmārāriṣṭaśālāsu jvaledagniḥ surakṣitaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.69.49; (antaḥpuram); अपस्नात इवारिष्ठं प्रविवेश गृहोत्तमम् (apasnāta ivāriṣṭhaṃ praviveśa gṛhottamam) Rām.

6) Butter-milk.

7) Spirituous liquor; ग्लानिच्छेदी क्षुत्प्रबोधाय पीत्वा रक्तारिष्टम् (glānicchedī kṣutprabodhāya pītvā raktāriṣṭam) Śi. 18.77. cf.... अरिष्टं सूतिकागृहे । अशुभे निम्बवृक्षे च शुभे तक्राङ्कयोः पुमान् । काके च फेनिले नीचे व्यसनेऽनर्थलम्बयोः । भग्यहीने (ariṣṭaṃ sūtikāgṛhe | aśubhe nimbavṛkṣe ca śubhe takrāṅkayoḥ pumān | kāke ca phenile nīce vyasane'narthalambayoḥ | bhagyahīne)... Nm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—(1) name of a former Buddha: Mahāvastu iii.231.1; (2) perhaps to be read for Ṛṣṭa, q.v.; (3) name of a monk (= Pali Ariṭṭha, see Vin. ii.25.12 ff.), punished for heresy by the utkṣepaṇīya: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iii.30.4 ff.

--- OR ---

Ariṣṭā (अरिष्टा).—name of a devakumārī in the western quarter: Mahāvastu iii.308.8; compare next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—m.

(-ṣṭaḥ) 1. The soap-berry plant, (Sapindus saponaria, &c.) 2. Garlick. 3. The Nimb tree, (Melia azadaracta.) 4. A crow. 5. A heron. 6. The name of an Asur or infernal spirit. n.

(-ṣṭaṃ) 1. A woman’s apartment, the lying-in chamber. 2. Good fortune, happiness. 3. Bad or ill luck, misfortune. 4. Buttermilk. 5. Vinous spirit. 6. Sing or symptom of approaching death. 7. A portent, some natural phenomenon considered as indicating calamity. E. a neg. and riṣṭa bad or good fortune.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—[a-riṣṭa] (vb. riṣ). I. adj., f. ṭā, Unhurt, Chr. 298, 25 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 25; [Draupadīpramātha] 7, 20. Ii. m. 1. The soap berry plant, Sapindus saponaria, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 186. 2. The nimb tree, Melia azadaracta, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 94, 9. 3. A woman’s apartment, the lying in chamber, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 3, 15; the female apartments, the gyneceum, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 42, 22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—[adjective] unharmed, safe, secure. [masculine] [Name] of a tree; [neuter] good or bad luck.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट):—[=a-riṣṭa] [from a-riṣaṇya] mf(ā)n. unhurt, [Ṛg-veda] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] proof against injury or damage, [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] secure, safe, [Ṛg-veda]

4) [v.s. ...] boding misfortune (as birds of ill omen, etc.), [Adbhuta-brāhmaṇa; Harivaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] fatal, disastrous (as a house), [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 42, 22]

6) [v.s. ...] m. a heron, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a crow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] the soapberry tree, Sapindus Detergens Roxb. (the fruits of which are used in washing, [Yājñavalkya i,186])

9) [v.s. ...] cf. arī ṣṭaka

10) [v.s. ...] Azadirachta Indica, [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 94, 9]

11) [v.s. ...] garlic, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] a distilled mixture, a kind of liquor, [Suśruta]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of an Asura (with the shape of an ox, son of Bali, slain by Kṛṣṇa or Viṣṇu), [Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

14) [v.s. ...] of a son of Manu Vaivasvata, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] ([varia lectio] for deṣṭa)

15) [v.s. ...] m. ill-luck, misfortune (See ariṣṭa n.), [Mahābhārata xii, 6573]

16) Ariṣṭā (अरिष्टा):—[=a-riṣṭā] [from a-riṣṭa > a-riṣaṇya] f. a bandage, [Suśruta]

17) [v.s. ...] a medical plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [Skanda-purāṇa]

19) [v.s. ...] Name of a daughter of Dakṣa and one of the wives of Kaśyapa, [Harivaṃśa]

20) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट):—[=a-riṣṭa] [from a-riṣaṇya] n. bad or ill-luck. misfortune

21) [v.s. ...] a natural phenomenon boding approaching death

22) [v.s. ...] good fortune, happiness, [Mahābhārata iv, 2126], buttermilk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

23) [v.s. ...] vinous spirit, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

24) [v.s. ...] a woman’s apartment, the lying-in chamber (cf. ariṣṭagṛha and -śayyā below), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट):—[a-riṣṭa] (ṣṭaḥ) 1. m. The soap-berry plant; garlick; the Nimb tree; a crow. n. A woman’s apartments; good or bad luck.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ariṭṭha, Ariṭṭhā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Arishta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Arishta in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) [Also spelled arisht]:—(a and nm) embodying misfortune, disastrous; misfortune, disaster.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ariṣṭa (ಅರಿಷ್ಟ):—

1) [noun] absence of difficulty, impediment.

2) [noun] good fortune; favourable situation.

3) [noun] bad or ill luck; an extreme misfortune bringing loss, sorrow; a calamity.

4) [noun] a portentous phenomenon foreboding misfortune; an unlucky omen.

5) [noun] a symptom of approaching death.

6) [noun] the largest crow (Corvus corax), with a sharp beak, found in Asia; a raven.

7) [noun] the liquid left after churning butter from milk; buttermilk.

8) [noun] the tree Azardirachta indica of Meliaceae family, whose trunk exudes a tenacious gum and has a bitter bark used for medicinal purpose; neem.

9) [noun] the tree Sapindus emarginates of Sapindaceae family; the soapnut tree.

10) [noun] its nuts.

11) [noun] a bulbous herb (Allium sativum) of the lily family and its stong smelling bulb used as a seasoning in meats, salads, etc.; garlic.

12) [noun] a hostile person; an enemy.

13) [noun] a lying-in-chamber; a delivery-room; a room for confinement in childbirth.

14) [noun] (masc.) a person having tendency to commit crimes; an evil or wicked person; scoundrel.

15) [noun] (Jan.) a class of demi-gods.

16) [noun] (Jain.) a kind of precious gem.

17) [noun] an extract produced by decocting; a decoction, sometimes added with sugar, honey, jaggery etc. for medicinal purposes.

18) [noun] a spirituous liquor.

19) [noun] name of a hell.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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