Arishta, aka: Ariṣṭa, Ariṣṭa, Ariṣṭā; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Arishta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ariṣṭa and Ariṣṭa and Ariṣṭā can be transliterated into English as Arista or Arishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Arishta in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

1) Ariṣṭā (अरिष्टा).—Wife of Kaśyapa. The Gandharvas were born of her. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 19, Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 83).

2) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—(ARIṢṬAKA). An asura, a servant of Kaṃsa. Once, at the instance of Kaṃsa he went to Gokula disguised as an ox to kill Śrī Kṛṣṇa. The ox instilled terror in people by tearing to pieces hills and mountaisn with its horns and bellowing like hell. But Śrī Kṛṣṇa faced the beast, and rained blows on him and it was thrown hundred yojanas away and it died. At the time of death it regained its fromer from as Asura. (Bhāgavata, Daśama, Skandha, Chapter 37).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—A son of Danu.1 Took part with Bali in the Devāsura war.2 A dānava with manuṣya dharma.3 Known for music.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 30.
  • 2) Ib. VIII. 10. 22.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 15.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 73.

1b) The son of Mitra and Revatī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 6.

1c) An asura friend of Kaṃsa.1 Came once to the vraja of Nanda in the form of a terrific bull. Gopas and gopis got afraid as also the cattle there; attacked Kṛṣṇa who vanquished him.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 2. 1; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 24; 4. 2; 12. 21.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 36. 1-16; 46. 26; II. 7. 34; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 73. 100; IV. 29. 124; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 14 (whole); 15. 1; 29. 4.

1d) A son of Vaivasvata Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 11. 41; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 33.

1e) A son of Bali; took part in the Tārakāmaya war.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 173. 20; 177. 7.

1f) One of the nine sons of Manu; killed by Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 85. 4; 98. 100.

2a) Ariṣṭā (अरिष्टा).—The mother of eight apsaras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 48.

2b) A daughter of Dakṣa, one of Kaśyapa's wives and mother of Kinnaras and Gandharvas;1 expert in music.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 25, 29; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 1 and 45; 146. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 55; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 25.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 56; 7. 467.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.77) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ariṣṭa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Ariṣṭā also refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.12, I.65).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

1) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) refers to a medicated spirituous liquid, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The substance is prepared from honey and treacle, with the addition of various medicinal substances. Next, the substance is being steeped in water and will be laid aside in earthen jars for various fermentations. Ariṣṭa is prepared using a decoction of drugs for fermentation, as opposed to Āsava, which uses raw vegetables .

2) Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट):—Another name for Nimba, a medicinal plant (Azadirachta indica) used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Ariṣṭa and Āsava (Medicated wines): These forms of medicines are produced by fermentation process. Ariṣṭas are prepared by decoction mixed with solution of sugar or jaggery. Āsavas are made with juices of medicinal herbs soaked in solution of sugar or jaggery. Both āsava and ariṣṭa are in liquid form, have sweet taste and acquire strength with passing of time. Example: Drakshāsava and Dasamūlāriṣṭa.

Source: Academia.edu: Ayurveda and Pharmaceutics
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट) or Ariṣṭikā refers to the “soap berry tree” (Sapindus detergens; Azadirachta indica) according to N. Chidambaram Iyer in his translation of chapter 48 of the Bṛhatsaṃhitā. Ariṣṭikā is mentioned in a list of seeds and roots that are to be thrown into the pots during the Puṣyasnāna ceremony.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa
Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

She is a daughter of Daksha and the wife of Kashyapa. The Gandharvas are her sons.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Ariṣṭa literally means ‘unhurt’. Though the word ‘ariṣṭa’ is used in several senses (as for instance - proof against injury, crow, soap-berry tree, garlic and so on), in a more technical sense it indicates the ill-omens foreboding misfortune or even death, especially in the case of a patient.

Source: Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Arishta in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—n (S) Calamity, evil, distress, wretchedness. 2 Marauders, invaders, locusts, or such natural phenomena as comets, meteors, earthquakes, a cause or occasion in general considered as calamitous or portentous. 3 Mischievous tricks (as of children). 4 Ill fortune. 5 Injurious excess or vehemence (as of raining, blowing, crying, or of action gen.) v māṇḍa.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—n Calamity, evil, distress, wretch- edness. Injurious excess or vehe- mence (as of raining, crying &c.).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—a.

1) Unhurt; perfect, complete; imperishable, undecaying, secure, safe; अरिष्टं गज्छ पन्थानम् (ariṣṭaṃ gajcha panthānam) Rām.1.24. 3; अरिष्टं मार्गमातिष्ठत् पुण्यं वा तु निषेवितम् (ariṣṭaṃ mārgamātiṣṭhat puṇyaṃ vā tu niṣevitam) Rām.

2) Auspicious, अक्षताभ्यामरिष्टाभ्यां हतः कर्णो महारथः (akṣatābhyāmariṣṭābhyāṃ hataḥ karṇo mahārathaḥ) Mb.8.66.2.

3) unauspicious; अरिष्टमैन्द्रं निशितम् (ariṣṭamaindraṃ niśitam) Rām.6.67.164.

-ṣṭaḥ 1 A heron (kaṅka).

2) A raven, crow.

3) An enemy; अरिष्टस्त्वाष्ट्रस्य (ariṣṭastvāṣṭrasya) Mv.4.18.

4) Name of various plants :-- (a) the soap-berry tree (Mar. riṭhā); कुतपानामरिष्टकैः (kutapānāmariṣṭakaiḥ) (śuddhiḥ) Ms. 5.12. (b) another plant (Mar. niṃba) Rām.2.94.9. Bhāg.8.2.12.

5) Garlic.

6) A distilled mixture.

7) Name of a demon killed by Kṛṣṇa; a son of Bali.

-ṣṭā 1 A bandage.

2) Name of a medical plant (kaṭukā).

3) Name of a daughter of Dakṣa and one of the wives of Kaśyapa, and mother of महाश्वेता (mahāśvetā).

-ṣṭam 1 Bad or ill luck, evil, misfortune, calamity.

2) A portentous phenomenon foreboding misfortune, unlucky omen (such as earth-quake).

3) Unfavourable symptom, especially of approaching death; रोगिणो मरणं यस्मादवश्यं भावि लभ्यते । तल्लक्षणमरिष्टं स्याद्रिष्टमप्यमिधीयते (rogiṇo maraṇaṃ yasmādavaśyaṃ bhāvi labhyate | tallakṣaṇamariṣṭaṃ syādriṣṭamapyamidhīyate) || cf. also Pātañjala Yogadarśana 3.22.

4) Good fortune or luck, happiness.

5) The lying-in-chamber, delivery-room, women's apartments; कर्मारारिष्टशालासु ज्वलेदग्निः सुरक्षितः (karmārāriṣṭaśālāsu jvaledagniḥ surakṣitaḥ) Mb.12.69.49; (antaḥpuram); अपस्नात इवारिष्ठं प्रविवेश गृहोत्तमम् (apasnāta ivāriṣṭhaṃ praviveśa gṛhottamam) Rām.

6) Butter-milk.

7) Spirituous liquor; ग्लानिच्छेदी क्षुत्प्रबोधाय पीत्वा रक्तारिष्टम् (glānicchedī kṣutprabodhāya pītvā raktāriṣṭam) Śi. 18.77. cf.... अरिष्टं सूतिकागृहे । अशुभे निम्बवृक्षे च शुभे तक्राङ्कयोः पुमान् । काके च फेनिले नीचे व्यसनेऽनर्थलम्बयोः । भग्यहीने (ariṣṭaṃ sūtikāgṛhe | aśubhe nimbavṛkṣe ca śubhe takrāṅkayoḥ pumān | kāke ca phenile nīce vyasane'narthalambayoḥ | bhagyahīne)... Nm.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ariṣṭa (अरिष्ट).—m.

(-ṣṭaḥ) 1. The soap-berry plant, (Sapindus saponaria, &c.) 2. Garlick. 3. The Nimb tree, (Melia azadaracta.) 4. A crow. 5. A heron. 6. The name of an Asur or infernal spirit. n.

(-ṣṭaṃ) 1. A woman’s apartment, the lying-in chamber. 2. Good fortune, happiness. 3. Bad or ill luck, misfortune. 4. Buttermilk. 5. Vinous spirit. 6. Sing or symptom of approaching death. 7. A portent, some natural phenomenon considered as indicating calamity. E. a neg. and riṣṭa bad or good fortune.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Arishtashayya
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Arishtagrama
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Arishtagatu
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Arishtagrihama
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