Sudyumna: 9 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sudyumna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sudyumna in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Sudyumna (सुद्युम्न):—Son of Śrāddhadeva (current Manu) and Śraddhā. He was previously a woman called Ilā. Sudyumna had three sons (Utkala, Gaya and Vimala) who became the kings of the Dakṣiṇā-patha. His son Purūravā received his entire kingdom when Sudyumna was sufficiently old. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa )

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Sudyumna (सुद्युम्न):—King Sudyumna had three sons, viz., Utkala, Gaya and Vinatāśva. Of these Utkala had Utkalarāṣṭra and Gaya the city of Gayā.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Sudyumna (सुद्युम्न).—A son of Manu Cākṣuṣa. Ten sons full of radiance, including Sudyumna were born to Cākṣuṣa (who was the Manu of the sixth Manvantara) by his wife Naḍvalā, the daughter of Prajāpati Vairāja. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Aṃśa 1, Chapter 13). (See full article at Story of Sudyumna from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Sudyumna (सुद्युम्न).—General information. A King who was born as a woman and then became a man and then became a woman, all in the same birth. (For detailed story see under Ilā I). Other details.

2) (i) This royal hermit stays in the court of Yama glorifying him. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 8, Verse 16).

2) (ii) While Sudyumna was the King, to do justice properly, both hands of the hermit Likhita were cut off. (For detailed story see under Likhita).

2) (iii) Because he had executed the duties of the King properly and righteously, Sudyumna attained heaven. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 28, Verse 45).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sudyumna (सुद्युम्न).—One of the ten sons of Cākṣuṣa Manu; Ilā converted into a male: (Kimpuruṣa); once when he rode into a forest on a saindhava horse, he came upon Umā's pleasure garden where he with his followers were transformed into females. This was due to a boon granted to Pārvatī by Śiva. In this womanly form Budha saw and embraced her. Aila Purūravas was born of this union. Sudyumna wanted to regain his male form and prayed to Vasiṣṭha. The latter waited on Śiva who allowed Sudyumna to have male form and female form in alternate months. Returning to his kingdom he was not liked by his subjects. His three sons were in charge of Dakṣiṇāpatha. In the fulness of time Purūravas was placed in charge of Pratiṣṭhāna, Sudyumna leaving for forest to perform penance; father of three sons, Utkala, Gaya and Haritāśva (Kiratāśva, Vāyu-purāṇa); (Vinata, Viṣṇu-purāṇa); being once a female had no share of the kingdom; however got Pratiṣṭhāna, through Vasiṣṭha's help; that was given to Purūravas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 5. 7; IX. 1 (whole); Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 79-106; III. 60. 14-27; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 42; 12. 16-17; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 91; 85. 15-19; 25. 28. Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 5. IV. 1. 10-16.

1b) A Mantra Brāhmaṇa Kāraka.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 131; 62. 67.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Sudyumna (सुद्युम्न) is the name of an ancient king mentioned in chapter 3 of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Sudyumna is a king who in his previous birth had been a robber and hunter named Suvyādi. He was a man without the slightest tincture of virtue or culter. On his death he comes before Dharma, who takes the place of Yama as Judge of the dead, the ancient lord of the departed being relegated to the duty of punishment. Dharma’s spy Citragupta can’t relate a single virtuous act consciously done by the robber but he reveals the fact that day by day while paying his nefarious craft, he has been unwittingly invoking Śiva as Hara in the words āhara (bring the booty, collect, take) and prahāra (strike) and this is enough to wipe out every other one of his sins and to secure his ultimate birth in the royal palace of Indradyumna with his capital at Pratisthānapura on the bank of the Ganges.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Sudyumna was a king of the solar dynasty. Once, he went hunting in the forest, and was separated from his retinue. Tired, and exhausted, he waded into a pool in the forest along with his stallion and quenched his thirst. Unfortunately, that pool had been enchanted by Lord Shiva, so that any male who enters it would become a female. Sudyumna was turned into a woman called Ila and his stallion became a mare.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sudyumna (सुद्युम्न).—[adjective] = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sudyumna (सुद्युम्न):—[=su-dyumna] [from su > su-tanaya] mf(ā)n. idem, [ib.]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a king, [Maitrī-upaniṣad]

3) [v.s. ...] of a son of Manu Vaivasvata (supposed to have been born a female under the name of Iḍā [q.v.], and afterwards changed into a male through the favour of Mitra and Varuṇa), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] of a son of Abhaya-da, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Sudyumna (सुद्युम्न):—

1) adj. (f. ā) glänzend: ghṛtācī [Ṛgveda 3, 19, 2.] —

2) m. Nomen proprium eines Fürsten [MAITRYUP. 1, 4.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 199.] [Mahābhārata 2, 327. 12, 667. fgg.] [HALL] in der Einl. zu [VĀSAVAD. 41.] Sohn eines Manu [Mahābhārata 13,6263. 6831.] [Harivaṃśa 72. 636. fgg.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 98. 350.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 111,12. 15.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa.8,5,7.9,1,22.] [Oxforder Handschriften 39,a,26. 80,a,37.] ein Sohn Abhayada's [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 19, 1.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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