Sudyumna; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sudyumna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Sudyumna (सुद्युम्न):—King Sudyumna had three sons, viz., Utkala, Gaya and Vinatāśva. Of these Utkala had Utkalarāṣṭra and Gaya the city of Gayā.

(Source): Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

1a) Sudyumna (सुद्युम्न).—One of the ten sons of Cākṣuṣa Manu; Ilā converted into a male: (Kimpuruṣa); once when he rode into a forest on a saindhava horse, he came upon Umā's pleasure garden where he with his followers were transformed into females. This was due to a boon granted to Pārvatī by Śiva. In this womanly form Budha saw and embraced her. Aila Purūravas was born of this union. Sudyumna wanted to regain his male form and prayed to Vasiṣṭha. The latter waited on Śiva who allowed Sudyumna to have male form and female form in alternate months. Returning to his kingdom he was not liked by his subjects. His three sons were in charge of Dakṣiṇāpatha. In the fulness of time Purūravas was placed in charge of Pratiṣṭhāna, Sudyumna leaving for forest to perform penance; father of three sons, Utkala, Gaya and Haritāśva (Kiratāśva, Vāyu-purāṇa); (Vinata, Viṣṇu-purāṇa); being once a female had no share of the kingdom; however got Pratiṣṭhāna, through Vasiṣṭha's help; that was given to Purūravas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 5. 7; IX. 1 (whole); Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 79-106; III. 60. 14-27; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 42; 12. 16-17; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 91; 85. 15-19; 25. 28. Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 5. IV. 1. 10-16.

1b) A Mantra Brāhmaṇa Kāraka.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 131; 62. 67.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Sudyumna (सुद्युम्न):—Son of Śrāddhadeva (current Manu) and Śraddhā. He was previously a woman called Ilā. Sudyumna had three sons (Utkala, Gaya and Vimala) who became the kings of the Dakṣiṇā-patha. His son Purūravā received his entire kingdom when Sudyumna was sufficiently old. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Sudyumna was a king of the solar dynasty. Once, he went hunting in the forest, and was separated from his retinue. Tired, and exhausted, he waded into a pool in the forest along with his stallion and quenched his thirst. Unfortunately, that pool had been enchanted by Lord Shiva, so that any male who enters it would become a female. Sudyumna was turned into a woman called Ila and his stallion became a mare.

(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Relevant definitions

Search found 16 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Ila
iḷā (इळा).—m A curved instrument for cutting grass. iḷā mōḍūna khiḷā karaṇēṃ Destroy some large...
Vimala
vimala (विमल).—a S Clean, pure, free from dirt or foulness. 2 Auspicious--a season. Ex. prahara...
Gaya
gāya (गाय).—f A cow. Fig. A soft or mild man. The name of a black sort of beetle. gāya hōṇēṃ Be...
Pratishthana
Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान) or Pratiṭhāna, with its variants such as Patiṭhāna and Pātiṭhāna is fo...
Vasishtha
Vasiṣṭha (वसिष्ठ) refers to one of the two Indras (lords) of the Dvīpakumāra (island youths) cl...
Pururava
1a) Purūrava (पुरूरव).—(Aila) son of Budha and (Sudyumna in female form) Ilā; anointed ki...
Vinata
Vinatā (विनता).—One of the two wives of Kaśyapa, according to a story called “the dispute about...
Saindhava
Saindhava refers to “rock-salt”. (see Bhudeb Mookerji and his Rasajalanidhi)
Utkala
utkaḷa (उत्कळ).—f (utkalikā S) Eagerness: also impatience. v yē.
Vaivasvata Manu
Vaivasvata Manu had no children and he arranged for a sacrifice so that he might have a son....
Divakara
Divākara (fl. 1053 A.D.) is mentioned in the “Dive Agar plate of Mummuṇirāja”. Accordingly, “Th...
Puroorava
Puroorava is the first king of the Chandra (moon) dynasty. He was born to the planet Budha a...
Umavana
Umāvana (उमावन).—In Kailāsa where Śaṅkara assumed ardhanārīśvara for.1 Once Umā requeste...
Dakshinapatha
Dakṣiṇāpatha (दक्षिणापथ).—(c)—a kingdom over which the three sons of Sudyumna ruled...
Vinatashva
Vinatāśva (विनताश्व).—A son of Sudyumna, became the lord of western territories.** Vāyu-p...

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