Sudyumna; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sudyumna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Sudyumna (सुद्युम्न):—King Sudyumna had three sons, viz., Utkala, Gaya and Vinatāśva. Of these Utkala had Utkalarāṣṭra and Gaya the city of Gayā.

(Source): Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

1a) Sudyumna (सुद्युम्न).—One of the ten sons of Cākṣuṣa Manu; Ilā converted into a male: (Kimpuruṣa); once when he rode into a forest on a saindhava horse, he came upon Umā's pleasure garden where he with his followers were transformed into females. This was due to a boon granted to Pārvatī by Śiva. In this womanly form Budha saw and embraced her. Aila Purūravas was born of this union. Sudyumna wanted to regain his male form and prayed to Vasiṣṭha. The latter waited on Śiva who allowed Sudyumna to have male form and female form in alternate months. Returning to his kingdom he was not liked by his subjects. His three sons were in charge of Dakṣiṇāpatha. In the fulness of time Purūravas was placed in charge of Pratiṣṭhāna, Sudyumna leaving for forest to perform penance; father of three sons, Utkala, Gaya and Haritāśva (Kiratāśva, Vāyu-purāṇa); (Vinata, Viṣṇu-purāṇa); being once a female had no share of the kingdom; however got Pratiṣṭhāna, through Vasiṣṭha's help; that was given to Purūravas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 5. 7; IX. 1 (whole); Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 79-106; III. 60. 14-27; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 42; 12. 16-17; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 91; 85. 15-19; 25. 28. Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 5. IV. 1. 10-16.

1b) A Mantra Brāhmaṇa Kāraka.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 131; 62. 67.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Sudyumna (सुद्युम्न):—Son of Śrāddhadeva (current Manu) and Śraddhā. He was previously a woman called Ilā. Sudyumna had three sons (Utkala, Gaya and Vimala) who became the kings of the Dakṣiṇā-patha. His son Purūravā received his entire kingdom when Sudyumna was sufficiently old. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Sudyumna was a king of the solar dynasty. Once, he went hunting in the forest, and was separated from his retinue. Tired, and exhausted, he waded into a pool in the forest along with his stallion and quenched his thirst. Unfortunately, that pool had been enchanted by Lord Shiva, so that any male who enters it would become a female. Sudyumna was turned into a woman called Ila and his stallion became a mare.

(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Relevant definitions

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