Krita, aka: Krīta, Kṛta; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Krita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṛta can be transliterated into English as Krta or Krita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

[Krita in Purana glossaries]

Kṛta (जय):—Son of Jaya (son of Sañjaya, who was the son of Prati). He had a son named Haryabala. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.16)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Kṛta (कृत).—A King of Janaka’s dynasty. He was the son of Vijaya and father of Śunaka. (Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha). Kṛta had seven beautiful daughters who, because of a sense of non-attachment and renunciation, forsook their father’s home for the cremation ground even while they were mere children. They lay down there declaring that they had left their bodies as food for the birds; and birds and wild beasts ate up their beautiful bodies. Because of this life of renunciation, they attained salvation. (Kathāsaritsāgara, Madanamañjukālambaka, Taraṅga 2).

2) Kṛta (कृत).—A Viśvadeva (Universal Deva). (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 91, Verse 31).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Kṛta (कृत).—The son of Jaya and father of Haryavana.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 17.

1b) A son of Vasudeva and Rohiṇī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 46.

1c) A son of Sannati (m.p.); a pupil of Hiraṇyanābha; in yoga imparted twenty-four saṃhitas to his disciples;1 chief among the Sāmayas by arranging sāma veda in 24 parts.2 Father of Ugrāyudha.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 6. 80; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 49 and 55; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 189-90; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 16. 7.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 49. 75-6.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 50-3.

1d) An Yakṣa and a son of Devayāni.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 130.

1e) Married Śrutadevī; father of Sugrīva.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 46. 5.

1f) A son of Viśvāmitra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 96.

1g) A son of Kanaka.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 8.

1h) A son of Hṛdika.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 139.

1i) A son of Cyavana.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 219.

1j) A son of Vijaya; father of Haryadhana.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 9. 26-7.

1k) Sets in when the sun, moon, Tiṣya and Bṛhaspati (Planet Jupiter) are in the same mansion.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 102.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Krita in Natyashastra glossaries]

Kṛta (कृत) is another name (synonym) of bhāva, referring to “psychological states” (eg. permanent, involuntary, transitory), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

[Krita in Dharmashastra glossaries]

Krīta (क्रीत) refers to one of the twelve types of sons (putra) defined in the Vyavahārādhyāya of the Yājñavalkyasmṛti verse 2.128-132.—If a son is sold by both mother and father, or by either of them, then the son is called Krīta or a son bought. The Mitākṣarā states that he should be sold not being the eldest or only son, in the time of distress and to him, belonging to the same class.

(Source): Shodhganga: The Vyavaharadhyaya of the Yajnavalkyasmriti
Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Katha (narrative stories)

[Krita in Katha glossaries]

Kṛta (कृत) is the name of an ancient king, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 28. Accordingly, “long ago, there were born in succession to a certain king named Kṛta seven very beautiful princesses, and even while they were still youthful they abandoned, in disgust with life, the house of their father, and went to the cemetery...”.

The story of Kṛta was narrated to king Kaliṅgadatta by a religious preacher in order to demonstrate that “a wise man should do what is beneficial to other beings, by abstaining from selfish aspirations even so far as to sacrifice his own body, in order that he may obtain perfect insight”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kṛta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
context information

Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[Krita in Buddhism glossaries]

Kṛta (कृत) or Kṛtayuga refers to the “accomplished age ” and represents the first of the “four ages” (yuga) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 88). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., kṛta). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Krita in Jainism glossaries]

Kṛta (कृत) refers to “done by self” and it is one of the factors making up the 108 kinds of adhikaraṇa (‘substratum’) of the living beings (jīva). This substratum (instruments of inflow) represents the foundation or the basis of an entity.

Kṛta is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism

Kṛta (कृत).—What is meant by ‘doing’ (kṛta)? To perform the activity is called “doing’.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Krita in Marathi glossaries]

kṛta (कृत).—n S The first of the four ages of the world, satyayuga.

--- OR ---

kṛta (कृत).—p (S) Done, made, performed. Elegantly prefixed in comp. implying That has done or made. Ex. kṛtabhōjana That has dined or made his meal; kṛtavivāha That has married; kṛtāparādha Guilty or faulty; kṛtasnāna, kṛtābhyaṅga, kṛtapraṇāma, kṛtanigraha, kṛtātithya, kṛtānugraha, kṛtaprasāda, kṛtaprasthāna, kṛtayajña. Others more valuable or less obvious are inserted and explained in order.

--- OR ---

krīta (क्रीत).—p S Bought. 2 Sold. 3 Used as s m, being abridged from krītaputra, A purchased son. This is one of the twelve heirs.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṛta (कृत).—n The 1st of the 4 ages of the world. p Done.

--- OR ---

krīta (क्रीत).—p Sold. Bought.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Krita in Sanskrit glossaries]

Kṛta (कृत).—p. p. [kṛ-kta]

1) Done, performed, made, effected accomplished, manufactured &c.; (p. p. of kṛ 8. U. q. v.) ते करान् संप्रयच्छन्तु सुवर्णं च कृताकृतम् (te karān saṃprayacchantu suvarṇaṃ ca kṛtākṛtam) Mb.3.255.17; दिव्याः प्रसन्ना विविधाः सुराः कृतसुरा अपि (divyāḥ prasannā vividhāḥ surāḥ kṛtasurā api) Rām.5.11.22; natural and manufactured wines.

2) Wounded, hurt; सिद्ध्येत ते कृतमनोभवधर्षितायाः (siddhyeta te kṛtamanobhavadharṣitāyāḥ) Bhāg.3.23.11.

3) Acquired, bought (a kind of son); Mb.13.49.4.

4) Cultivated; अकृतं च कृतात्क्षेत्राद् गौरजाविकमेव च (akṛtaṃ ca kṛtātkṣetrād gaurajāvikameva ca) Ms.1.114.

5) Appointed (as a duty); सोऽपि यत्नेन संरक्ष्यो धर्मो राजकृतश्च यः (so'pi yatnena saṃrakṣyo dharmo rājakṛtaśca yaḥ) Y.2.186.

6) Relating to, referring to; पतनीयकृते क्षेपे (patanīyakṛte kṣepe) Y.2.21.

-tam 1 Work, deed, action; कृतं न वेत्ति (kṛtaṃ na vetti) Pt.1.424; ungrateful; Ms.7.197.

2) Service, benefit.

3) Consequence, result.

4) Aim, object.

5) Name of that side of a die which is marked with four points; this is lucky; cf. Vāj.3.18.

6) Name of the first of the four Yugas of the world extending over 1728 years of men (see Ms.1.69 and Kull. thereon).

7) The number '4'.

8) A stake at a game.

9) Prize or booty gained in a battle.

1) An offering.

11) Magic sorcery.

--- OR ---

Krīta (क्रीत).—p. p. Bought; see क्री (krī).

-taḥ One of the twelve kinds of sons recognised in Hindu Law; a son purchased from his natural parents; Ms.9.16; क्रीतश्च ताभ्यां वि- क्रीतः (krītaśca tābhyāṃ vi- krītaḥ) Y.2.131; तव क्रीतसुतोऽस्मीति वाचिकेन व्यजिज्ञपत् (tava krītasuto'smīti vācikena vyajijñapat) Śiva. B.31.32.

-tam A bargain.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 288 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kritanta
Kṛtānta (कृतान्त).—a. bringing to an end, terminating. (-taḥ) 1 Yama, the god of death; कृतान्त...
Kritamala
Kṛtamālā (कृतमाला).—The river in which Mahāviṣṇu first appeared as fish. (See under Matsyāvatār...
Kritayuga
Kṛtayuga (कृतयुग).—There are four Yugas (Eras) called Kṛta, Tretā, Dvāpara and Kali yugas. (For...
Kritakritya
Kṛtakṛtya (कृतकृत्य).—a. 1) who has accomplished his object; Bg.15.2. 2) satisfied, contented; ...
Kritaghna
Kṛtaghna (कृतघ्न).—See under Dhanaśarman.
Kritanjali
Kṛtāñjali (कृताञ्जलि).—a. folding the hands in supplication; प्रणम्य शिरसा देवं कृताञ्जलिरभाषत ...
Kritartha
Kṛtārtha (कृतार्थ).—a. 1) having gained one's object, successful; एकः कृतार्थो भवते वीतशोकः (ek...
Kritavarman
Kṛtavarman (कृतवर्मन्).—m. Name of a warrior on the side of the Kauravas who with Kṛpa and Aśva...
Kritakrita
Kṛtākṛta (कृताकृत).—a. done and not done; i. e. done in part but not completed; कृताकृतस्यैव च ...
Kritopakara
Kṛtopakāra (कृतोपकार).—a. 1) favoured, befriended, assisted; अज्ञातभर्तृव्यसना मुहूर्तं कृतोपका...
Kritasamskara
Kṛtasaṃskāra (कृतसंस्कार).—a. 1) one who has performed all purificatory rites, initiated; वैश्य...
Satkrita
Satkṛta (सत्कृत).—a. 1) done well or properly. 2) hospitably received or treated. 3) revered, r...
Kritaparishrama
Kṛtapariśrama (कृतपरिश्रम).—one who has studied; कृतपरिश्रमोऽस्मि ज्योतिःशास्त्रे (kṛtapariśram...
Kritanushaya
Krītānuśaya (क्रीतानुशय).—'repenting a purchase', rescission, returning a thing purchased, to t...
Kalakrita
Kālakṛta (कालकृत).—1) produced by time. 2) fixed, appointed. 3) lent or deposited, 4) done for ...

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