Krita, Kṛta, Krīta, Kṛtā: 18 definitions
Krita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Kṛta and Kṛtā can be transliterated into English as Krta or Krita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Kṛta (जय):—Son of Jaya (son of Sañjaya, who was the son of Prati). He had a son named Haryabala. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.16)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Kṛta (कृत).—A King of Janaka’s dynasty. He was the son of Vijaya and father of Śunaka. (Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha). Kṛta had seven beautiful daughters who, because of a sense of non-attachment and renunciation, forsook their father’s home for the cremation ground even while they were mere children. They lay down there declaring that they had left their bodies as food for the birds; and birds and wild beasts ate up their beautiful bodies. Because of this life of renunciation, they attained salvation. (Kathāsaritsāgara, Madanamañjukālambaka, Taraṅga 2).
2) Kṛta (कृत).—A Viśvadeva (Universal Deva). (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 91, Verse 31).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Kṛta (कृत).—The son of Jaya and father of Haryavana.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 17.
1b) A son of Vasudeva and Rohiṇī.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 46.
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 6. 80; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 49 and 55; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 189-90; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 16. 7.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 49. 75-6.
- 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 50-3.
1d) An Yakṣa and a son of Devayāni.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 130.
1e) Married Śrutadevī; father of Sugrīva.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 46. 5.
1f) A son of Viśvāmitra.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 96.
1g) A son of Kanaka.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 8.
1h) A son of Hṛdika.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 139.
1i) A son of Cyavana.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 219.
1j) A son of Vijaya; father of Haryadhana.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 9. 26-7.
1k) Sets in when the sun, moon, Tiṣya and Bṛhaspati (Planet Jupiter) are in the same mansion.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 102.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Kṛta (कृत) is another name (synonym) of bhāva, referring to “psychological states” (eg. permanent, involuntary, transitory), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Shodhganga: The Vyavaharadhyaya of the Yajnavalkyasmriti
Krīta (क्रीत) refers to one of the twelve types of sons (putra) defined in the Vyavahārādhyāya of the Yājñavalkyasmṛti verse 2.128-132.—If a son is sold by both mother and father, or by either of them, then the son is called Krīta or a son bought. The Mitākṣarā states that he should be sold not being the eldest or only son, in the time of distress and to him, belonging to the same class.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Kṛta (कृत).—(१) a term used by ancient grammarians in the sense of 'past tense';(2) effected, done. The word is mostly used in this sense in grammar.works;e.g. किं तेन कृतं स्यात् (kiṃ tena kṛtaṃ syāt) ; नानुबन्धकृतमनेकात्त्वम् (nānubandhakṛtamanekāttvam) Par. Śek.Pari. 6.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Kṛta (कृत) is the name of an ancient king, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 28. Accordingly, “long ago, there were born in succession to a certain king named Kṛta seven very beautiful princesses, and even while they were still youthful they abandoned, in disgust with life, the house of their father, and went to the cemetery...”.
The story of Kṛta was narrated to king Kaliṅgadatta by a religious preacher in order to demonstrate that “a wise man should do what is beneficial to other beings, by abstaining from selfish aspirations even so far as to sacrifice his own body, in order that he may obtain perfect insight”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kṛta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Kṛta (कृत) or Kṛtayuga refers to the “accomplished age ” and represents the first of the “four ages” (yuga) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 88). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., kṛta). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Kṛta (कृत) refers to “done by self” and it is one of the factors making up the 108 kinds of adhikaraṇa (‘substratum’) of the living beings (jīva). This substratum (instruments of inflow) represents the foundation or the basis of an entity.
Kṛta is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas
Kṛta (कृत).—What is meant by ‘doing’ (kṛta)? To perform the activity is called “doing’.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Kṛta.—(EI 12, 14, 23; BL; CII 3), literally ‘accomplished’. i. e. ‘completed’; used in earlier records in connection with the era later associated with Vikramāditya. Often spelt krita, possibly standing for krīta meaning ‘purschased’, which was a name sometimes applied to certain foreign rulers of North-Western Bhāratavarṣa (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXIII, p. 152). (IE 7-1-2), ‘four’. (CII 1), ‘arranged for’, ‘made arrangements for’. (EI 23), fruit, booty, reward. (Sel. Ins., p. 202), ‘engraved’. (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXIV, p. 41, verse 13), written, drafted or composed. Note: kṛta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kṛta (कृत).—n S The first of the four ages of the world, satyayuga.
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kṛta (कृत).—p (S) Done, made, performed. Elegantly prefixed in comp. implying That has done or made. Ex. kṛtabhōjana That has dined or made his meal; kṛtavivāha That has married; kṛtāparādha Guilty or faulty; kṛtasnāna, kṛtābhyaṅga, kṛtapraṇāma, kṛtanigraha, kṛtātithya, kṛtānugraha, kṛtaprasāda, kṛtaprasthāna, kṛtayajña. Others more valuable or less obvious are inserted and explained in order.
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krīta (क्रीत).—p S Bought. 2 Sold. 3 Used as s m, being abridged from krītaputra, A purchased son. This is one of the twelve heirs.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
kṛta (कृत).—n The 1st of the 4 ages of the world. p Done.
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krīta (क्रीत).—p Sold. Bought.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Kṛta (कृत).—p. p. [kṛ-kta]
1) Done, performed, made, effected accomplished, manufactured &c.; (p. p. of kṛ 8. U. q. v.) ते करान् संप्रयच्छन्तु सुवर्णं च कृताकृतम् (te karān saṃprayacchantu suvarṇaṃ ca kṛtākṛtam) Mb.3.255.17; दिव्याः प्रसन्ना विविधाः सुराः कृतसुरा अपि (divyāḥ prasannā vividhāḥ surāḥ kṛtasurā api) Rām.5.11.22; natural and manufactured wines.
2) Wounded, hurt; सिद्ध्येत ते कृतमनोभवधर्षितायाः (siddhyeta te kṛtamanobhavadharṣitāyāḥ) Bhāg.3.23.11.
3) Acquired, bought (a kind of son); Mb.13.49.4.
4) Cultivated; अकृतं च कृतात्क्षेत्राद् गौरजाविकमेव च (akṛtaṃ ca kṛtātkṣetrād gaurajāvikameva ca) Ms.1.114.
5) Appointed (as a duty); सोऽपि यत्नेन संरक्ष्यो धर्मो राजकृतश्च यः (so'pi yatnena saṃrakṣyo dharmo rājakṛtaśca yaḥ) Y.2.186.
6) Relating to, referring to; पतनीयकृते क्षेपे (patanīyakṛte kṣepe) Y.2.21.
-tam 1 Work, deed, action; कृतं न वेत्ति (kṛtaṃ na vetti) Pt.1.424; ungrateful; Ms.7.197.
2) Service, benefit.
3) Consequence, result.
4) Aim, object.
5) Name of that side of a die which is marked with four points; this is lucky; cf. Vāj.3.18.
6) Name of the first of the four Yugas of the world extending over 1728 years of men (see Ms.1.69 and Kull. thereon).
7) The number '4'.
8) A stake at a game.
9) Prize or booty gained in a battle.
1) An offering.
11) Magic sorcery.
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Krīta (क्रीत).—p. p. Bought; see क्री (krī).
-taḥ One of the twelve kinds of sons recognised in Hindu Law; a son purchased from his natural parents; Ms.9.16; क्रीतश्च ताभ्यां वि- क्रीतः (krītaśca tābhyāṃ vi- krītaḥ) Y.2.131; तव क्रीतसुतोऽस्मीति वाचिकेन व्यजिज्ञपत् (tava krītasuto'smīti vācikena vyajijñapat) Śiva. B.31.32.
-tam A bargain.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Kṛta (कृत).—(-kṛta) (1) in dṛṣṭi-kṛta, q.v., lit. perh. (what has) become…, or (subst.) matter of…; seems = (dṛṣṭi-)gata; (2) acc. to Senart = kṛtya (q.v. 2) as equivalent of adj. formation or gen. case-form, in Mv ii.274.4 udyānakṛtā āsanā, allegedly les sièges du jardin. But does it not mean quite literally and simply seats made in the park? In Mv ii.245.5 read with mss. karaṇḍe mālakṛto, in the garland- maker's basket (stem māla-kṛt).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Done, made, performed. 2. Injured, hurt. 3. Fit, proper. n.
(-taṃ) 1. The first of the four ages of the world, the Satyayug. 2. Fruit, consequence. adv. 1. Enough, sufficient. 2. Enough, completely finished. 3. Enough, have done, no more. E. kṛ to do, to injure, &c. affix kta.
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(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Bought, purchased. m.
(-taḥ) A son, one of the twelve kinds acknowledged by the ancient Hindu law; he who is purchased from his natural parents. E. kṛ to buy, affix kta.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+200): Krita-pranta, Krita-upasanna, Kritabahu, Kritabandhu, Kritabashakthika, Kritabharana, Kritabhaya, Kritabhisheka, Kritabhyasa, Kritabrahman, Kritabuddhi, Kritacchidra, Kritacetas, Kritachchhidra, Kritachetas, Kritachuda, Kritacuda, Kritadara, Kritadasa, Kritadeva.
Ends with (+367): Abandhavakrita, Abandhukrita, Abhikirnikrita, Abhisamdhikrita, Abhisamskrita, Abhyalamkrita, Abhyupakrita, Abrukrita, Adhahkrita, Adharikrita, Adhikarmakrita, Adhikrita, Agnikrita, Ahankrita, Ajnakrita, Akrita, Akshapataladhikrita, Akulikrita, Alamkrita, Alankrita.
Full-text (+515): Yuga, Krayakrita, Dushkrita, Kritanushaya, Kritayuga, Kritashrama, Kritaparadha, Kritajanman, Kritopabhoga, Kritabhaya, Kritanusara, Svakrita, Paraprishthikrita, Kritodaka, Lekhyakrita, Agnikrita, Kritodvaha, Mantrakrita, Kritavedin, Kritaghna.
Search found 71 books and stories containing Krita, Kṛta, Krīta, Kṛtā, Krta; (plurals include: Kritas, Kṛtas, Krītas, Kṛtās, Krtas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 1.70 < [Section XL - The ‘day’ of Brahmā and the ‘Yugas’]
Verse 9.174 < [Section XXIII - The Twelve Kinds of Sons defined]
Verse 9.159-160 < [Section XXII - The Relative Status of the Twelve Kinds of Sons]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.1.51 < [Part 1 - Neutral Love of God (śānta-rasa)]
Verse 2.3.52 < [Part 3 - Involuntary Ecstatic Expressions (sattvika-bhāva)]
Verse 2.5.44 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
The Mahabharata (English) (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section CXLVIII < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
Section CLXL < [Markandeya-Samasya Parva]
Section XXV < [Kichaka-badha Parva]
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 17 - The Dynasties of the Sons of Pururava < [Canto IX - Liberation]
Chapter 24 - The Philosophy of Sankhya < [Canto XI - General History]
Chapter 2 - The Symptoms of Kali-yuga < [Canto XII - The Age of Deterioration]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.3.70 < [Chapter 3 - Bhajana: Worship]
Verse 2.5.117 < [Chapter 5 - Prema: Love of God]
Verse 1.2.17 < [Chapter 2 - Divya: In Heaven]
The Great Chariot (by Longchenpa)
Part 3 - Why they are the four tantras taught to those to be tamed < [A. Resolving the view]