The Linga Purana

by J. L. Shastri | 1951 | 265,005 words | ISBN-10: 812080340X | ISBN-13: 9788120803404

This page describes Thousand names of Shiva (Sahasranama) which is chapter 98 of the English translation of the Linga Purana, traditionally authored by Vyasa in roughly 11,000 Sanskrit verses. It deals with Shaiva pilosophy, the Linga (symbol of Shiva), Cosmology, Yugas, Manvantaras, Creation theories, mythology, Astronomy, Yoga, Geography, Sacred pilgrimage guides (i.e., Tirthas) and Ethics. The Lingapurana is an important text in Shaivism but also contains stories on Vishnu and Brahma.

Chapter 98 - Thousand names of Śiva (Sahasranāma)

The sages said:

1. O Sūta, how was the discus Sudarśana acquired from Maheśvara, the lord of Devas, by lord Viṣṇu? It behoves you to recount it.

Sūta said:

2-3. A terrible fight ensued between Devas and the leading Asuras causing destruction to all living beings. On being pierced and hit by lances, iron clubs, javelins and arrows of bent knots Devas became extremely terrified and fled.

4. The vanquished Devas with minds agitated due to grief bowed down to the lord of Devas, to Viṣṇu the lord of the chiefs of Devas.

5. On seeing them standing aside after bowing down to him, lord Viṣṇu, the lord of the chiefs of Devas, spoke to them these words:—

6. “O Devas, O dear ones of good holy rites, wherefore have ye come here with so much of distress and forgetful of your former exploits? It behoves you to speak out”.

7. On hearing his words, the excellent Devas who were in a miserable plight bowed down to Viṣṇu, the lord of Devas, and recounted everything in the manner it had happened.

8. O lord Viṣṇu, O lord of the chiefs of Devas, O victorious Viṣṇu, all of us are afflicted by Dānavas. We have sought refuge in you.

9. O Puruṣottama, the lord of the chiefs of Devas, you are our goal. Indeed, you alone are the greatest Ātman; you are the father of the worlds.

10. O Janārdana, you alone are the sustainer, annihilator, enjoyer and donor. Hence, O suppressor of Dānavas, it behoves you to kill them.

11-15. Since they have acquired boons, they cannot be killed with any of these arrows and miraculous weapons:—such as those belonging to Viṣṇu, Brahmā, Rudra, Yama, Kubera, Soma, Nirṛti, Varuṇa, Vāyu, Agni, Varṣa, Sun, Īśāna, and other terrible missiles which make others tremble and powerless. O lotus-eyed one, all of them defy death due to their boons. O preceptor of the universe, the blazing Cakra (discus) that belongs to you, and that has originated from the solar disc has been rendered blunt by Dadhīca, son of Cyavana. Your staff and bow, your miraculous weapons have been acquired by Daityas through your grace. Formerly, a terrible and sharp-pointed discus was evolved by lord Śiva, the enemy of the Tripuras in order to kill Jalandhara. It behoves you to kill them with that weapon.

16-19. They can be killed with that weapon and not by any of the hundreds of other weapons.

On hearing their words the discus-bearing lotus-eyed Viṣṇu spoke to those Devas—Brahmā and others.

Lord Viṣṇu said:

O Devas, I shall approach lord Śiva now along with all the eternal Devas and shall carry out your task in full. O Devas, after acquiring the discus, formerly made by the slayer of the Tripuras in order to kill Jalandhara, I shall kill all the six thousand eight hundred great Asuras and Daityas beginning with Dhundhu. Thus, instantaneously I will redeem all of you, along with your kinsmen.

Sūta said:

20-26. After saying this to the excellent Devas, Viṣṇu, the excellent one among Devas, remembered lord Śiva and worshipped him. On the splendid summit of the Himavān he duly installed the Liṅga that resembled the mountain Meru. It had been made by Viśvakarman. Repeating the hymn called Tvarita-Rudra and the Rudrasūkta he bathed the Liṅga and worshipped it with scents. It was charming in its flame-like form. He eulogised Rudra; worshipped him in the fire and bowed down to him. Repeating the thousand names in order he worshipped lord Śiva. Each name was begun with Praṇava and ended with Namaḥ (obeisance). The first name among the thousand was Bhava. With every name he worshipped Śaṅkara, Maheśvara, with a lotus once. With sacrificial twigs he performed ten thousand Homas for every name beginning with Bhava. He duly performed the Homa, repeating the word Svāhā after every name [i.e. Om Bhavāya Svāhā, etc]. He then, again eulogised Śambhu, Bhava, Īśvara with the names beginning with Bhava.

Lord Viṣṇu said:—

27-40. (1) Bhava (2) Śiva[1] (3) Hara, (4) Rudra (5) Puruṣa[2] (6) Padmalocana (lotus-eyed) (7) Arthitavya (one who should be requested) (8) Sadācāra (one having good conduct) (9) Sarvaśambhu (benefactor of all) (10) Maheśvara (11) Īśvara (12) Sthāṇu[3] (13) Īśāna (14) Sahasrākṣa (thousand-eyed) (15) Sahasrapād (thousand-footed) (16) Varīyān (the excellent one) (17) Varada (the bestower of boons) (18) Vandya (worthy of being saluted) (19) Śaṅkara (20) Parameśvara (21) Gaṅgādhara (one who holds Gaṅgā) (22) Śūladhara (Trident-bearing one) (23) Parārthika-prayojana (one whose sole purpose is to work for other’s benefit), (24) Sarvajña (omniscient) (25) Sarvadevādi (the cause of all Devas) (26) Giridhanva[4] (one who used the mountain as his bow) (27) Jaṭādhara (wearing matted hairs) (28) Candrāpīḍa (29) Candramauli (having the moon on the head as an ornament) (30) Vidvān (scholar) (31) Viśveśvara (lord of the universe) (32) Amareśvara (lord of the immortal) (33) Vedāntasārasandoha (one who is the cumulative essence of the Vedāntas) (34) Kapālin (having the skull in the hand) (35) Nīlalohita (blue-blooded) (36) Dhyānādhāra (basis for meditation) (37) Aparicchedya (one who cannot be accurately defined) (38) Gaurībhartṛ (husband of Gaurī) (39) Gaṇeśvara (lord of the Gaṇas) (40) Aṣṭamūrti (one having eight cosmic bodies) (41) Viśvamūrti (one of universal form) (42) Trivarga (one who fulfils the three aims of life) (43) Svargasādhana (one who is the means of achieving heavenly abode) (44) Jñānagamya (one who can be realized only through perfect knowledge) (45) Dṛḍhaprajña (one of steady intellect) (46) Devadeva (lord of Devas) (47) Trilocana (threeeyed) (48) Vāmadeva (4.9) Mahādeva (50) Pāṇḍu (greyish in colour) (51) Parivṛḍha (master, chief) (52) Dṛḍha (firm) (53) Viśvarūpa (multiformed) (54) Virūpākṣa (one with hideous eyes) (55) Vāgīśa (lord of speech) (56) Śuci antar (pure within) (57) Sarvapraṇayasaṃvādin (one who converses lovingly with everyone) (58) Vṛṣāṅka (one marked with a bull) (59) Vṛṣavāhana (bull-vehicled) (60) Īśa (61) Pinākin (62) Khaṭvāṅgin (one armed with the iron club called Khaṭvāṅga) (63) Citraveṣa (one of variegated guise) (64) Cirantana (the ancient one) (65) Tamohara (remover of darkness) (66) Mahāyogin (67) Goptṛ (protector) (68) Brahmāṅgahṛd (one who took away a limb of Brahmā) (69) Jāṭin (having matted hairs) (70) Kālakāla (death unto death) (71) Kṛttivāsas (one having the hide of an elephant as garment) (72) Subhaga (elegant) (73) Praṇavātmaka (of the nature of Praṇava) (74) Unmattaveṣa (one having the guise of a mad man) (75) Cakṣuṣya (beneficent to the eyes) (76) Durvāsas (Ill-clad) (77) Smaraśāsana (chastiser of Smara) (78) Dṛḍhāyudha (one having strong weapons) (79) Skandaguru (venerable father of Skanda) (80) Parāmeṣṭhin (81) Parāyaṇa (the greatest goal) (82) Anādimadhyanidhana (one who has neither beginning nor middle nor end) (83) Girīśa (84) Giribāndhava (kinsman of the mountain i.e. Himavān) (85) Kuberabandhu (Kubera’s kinsman) (86) Śrīkaṇṭha (glorious-necked) (87) Lokavarṇottamottama (the most excellent one among the castes in the world) (88) Sāmānyadeva (common lord, i.e. to Devas and to Asuras) (89) Kodaṇḍin (One armed with a bow) (90) Nīlakaṇṭha (blue-necked) (91) Paraśvadhī (one having the axe) (92) Viśālākṣa (large-eyed) (93) Mṛgavyādha (deer-hunter) (94) Sureśa (lord of Devas) (95) Sūryatāpana (scorcher of the sun) (96) Dharmakarmakṣama (one competent to perform righteous rites) (97) Kṣetra [kṣetram] (holy-centre) (98) Bhagavān (lord) (99) Bhaganetrabhit (one who pierced the eyes of Bhaga) (100) Ugra (fierce) (101) Paśupati (102) Tārkṣya (identical with Garuḍa) (103) Priyabhakta (one fond of his devotees) (104) Priyaṃvada (one who speaks pleasing words) (105) Dānta (one with self-control) (106) Dayākara (merciful) (107) Dakṣa (skilful) (108) Kapardin (one having matted hairs) (109) Kāmaśāsana (chastiser of Kāma) (110) Śmaśānanilaya (one who has the cremation ground as his abode) (111) Sūkṣma (subtle) (112) Śmaśānastha (stationed in the cremation ground) (113) Maheśvara.

41-50. (114) Lokakartā (the maker of the worlds) (115) Bhūtapati (lord of the goblins) (116) Mahākartā (the great maker) (117) Mahauṣadhi (the great medicine) (118) Uttara (later one) (119) Gopati (lord of Go i.e. cow or speech) (120) Goptā (protector) (121) Jñānagamya (comprehensible through perfect knowledge) (122) Purātana (ancient one) (123) Nīti (justice) (124) Sunīti (one who dispenses good justice) (125) Śuddhātmā (pure-souled) (126) Soma (accompanied by Umā) (127) Somarata (interested in the moon) (128) Sukhī (happy) (129) Somapa (imbiber of the Soma juice) (130) Amṛtapa (imbiber of nectar) (131) Soma (moon) (132) Mahānīti (employing great policy) (133) Mahāmati (of great intellect) (134) Ajātaśatru (one whose enemy is not yet born) (135) Āloka (light) (136) Sambhāvya (one worthy of being honoured) (137) Havyavāhana (conveyer of Havya i.e. sacrificial offering) (138) Lokakāra (creator of the worlds) (139) Vedakāra (maker of the Vedas) (140) Sūtrakāra (compiler of aphorisms) (141) Sanātana (eternal) (142) Maharṣi (great sage) (143) Kapilācārya (one identifying with the great sage Kapila) (144) Viśvadīpti (illuminator of the universe) (145) Trilocana (three-eyed) (146) Pinākapāṇi (one having the Pināka in his hand) (147) Bhūdeva (lord of the earth) (148) Svastida (bestower of welfare) (149) Sadāsvastikṛt (continuous creator of welfare and prosperity) (150) Tridhāmā (having the three syllables or worlds as abode) (151) Saubhaga (fortunate) (152) Sarva (identical with all) (153) Sarvajña (omniscient) (154) Sarvagocara (perceptible to everyone) (155) Brahmadhṛk (holder of the brahman i.e. the Vedas) (156) Viśvasṛk (creator of the universe) (157) Svarga (heaven) (158) Karṇikārapriya (one fond of Karṇikāra flowers) (159) Kavi (poet) (160) Śākha (branching) (161) Viśākha (162) Gośākha (?) (163) Śiva (164) Naika (not one) (165) Kratu (sacrifice) (166) Sama (equal) (167) Gaṅgāplavodaka (identical with water flowing in the Gaṅgā) (168) Bhāva (pure emotion) (169) Sakala (entire one) (170) Sthapati (architect) (171) Sthira (steady) (172) Vijitātmā (one who has conquered the Ātman) (173) Vidheyātmā (one with a controlled mind) (174) Bhūtavāhana (one having the goblin as vehicle) (175) Bhūtasārathi (having a goblin as his charioteer) (176) Sagaṇa (one accompanied by his Gaṇa) (177) Gaṇakārya (the work of Gaṇas) (178) Sukīrti (one of good renown) (179) Chinnasaṃśaya (one whose doubts are cleared) (180) Kāmadeva (181) Kāmapāla (protector of Kama) (182) Bhasmoddhūlitavigraha (one who has smeared his body with Bhasman) (183) Bhasmapriya (one fond of Bhasman) (184) Bhasmaśāyin (one lying on Bhasman) (185) Kāmin (lover) (186) Kānta (lovely) (187) Kṛtāgama (proficient in Vedas) (188) Samāyukta (endowed with good qualities) (189) Nivṛttātmā (one whose Ātman has receded from the world) (190) Dharmayukta (endowed with piety) (191) Sadāśiva (192) Caturmukha[5] (fourfaced) (193) Caturbāhu (four-armed) (194) Durāvāsa (one whose abode is not easily accessible) (195) Durāsada (inaccessible) (196) Durgama (very difficult of access) (197) Durlabha (difficult to get) (198) Durga (impassable) (199) Sarvāyudhaviśārada (expert in the use of all weapons) (200) Adhyātmayoganilaya (having his abode in spiritual yoga) (201) Sutantu (good supreme being) (202) Tantuvardhana (one who increases offspring).

51-60. (203) Śubhāṅga (one having splendid limbs) (204) Lokasāraṅga (one who has attained the essence of the worlds) (205) Jagadīśa (lord of the universe) (206) Amṛtāśana (one whose diet is nectar) (207) Bhasmaśuddhikara (one who purifies through Bhasman) (208) Meru (209) Ojasvin (powerful) (210) Śuddhavigraha (one of pure physical form) (211) Hiraṇyaretas (one with golden semen virile) (212) Taraṇi (sun) (213) Marīci (ray) (214) Mahimālaya (abode of greatness) (215) Mahāhrada (one like a great deep pool of water) (216) Mahāgarbha (of huge womb) (217) Siddhavṛndāravandita (one who is saluted by Siddhas and Devas) (218) Vyāghracarmadhara (one who wears the tiger skin) (219) Vyālin (one who possesses snakes) (220) Mahābhūta (the great element) (221) Mahānidhi (the great treasure) (222) Amṛtāṅga (one of nectarine limbs) (223) Amṛtavapu (one of nectarine body) (224) Pañcayajña (one of five yajñas) (225) Prabhañjana (violent destroyer) (226) Pañcaviṃśatitattvajña[6] (one conversant with the twenty-five principles) (227) Pārijāta (the wish-yielding divine tree) (228) Parāvara (the great one second to none) (229) Sulabha (easily accessible) (230) Suvrata (one of good rites) (231) Śūra (hero) (232) Vāṅmayaikanidhi[7] (the sole treasury of literature) (233) Nidhi (treasure-trove) (234) Varṇāśramaguru (preceptor of all castes and stages of life) (235) Varṇin (religious student) (236) Śatrujit (conqueror of enemies) (237) Śatrutāpana (scorcher of enemies) (238) Āśrama (hermitage (?)) (239) Kṣapaṇa (one who dispels) (240) Kṣāma (small and lean) (241) Jñānavān (one possessing perfect knowledge) (242) Acalācala (unmoving like a mountain) (243) Pramāṇabhūta (one who has become an authority) (244) Durjñeya (very difficult to be known) (245) Suparṇa (Garuḍa) (246) Vāyuvāhana (wind-vehicled) (247) Dhanurdhara (one who holds the bow) (248) Dhanurveda (the science of archery) (249) Guṇarāśi (abode of Guṇas) (250) Guṇākara (mine of good, qualities) (251) Anantadṛṣṭi (one of infinite vision) (252) Ānanda[8] (bliss) (253) Daṇḍa[9] (punishment (254) Damayitā (one who oppresses) (255) Dama (self-control) (256) Abhivādya (one worthy of being saluted and honoured) (257) Mahācārya (great preceptor) (258) Viśvakarman (of universal action) (259) Viśārada (adept) (260) Vītarāga (one devoid of passion (261) Vinītātman (humble soul) (262) Tapasvin (performing penance) (263) Bhūtabhāvana (creator of living beings) (264) Unmattaveṣa (one in the guise of a mad man) (265) Pracch-anna (hidden) (266) Jitakāma (one who has conquered lust) (267) Jitapriya (one who has conquered pleasure) (268) Kalyāṇaprakṛti (one of auspicious nature) (269) Kalpa (wishyielding tree) (270) Sarvalokaprajāpati (the lord of the subject of all the worlds) (271) Tapasvin (ascetic) (272) Tāraka (redeemer) (273) Dhīmān (intelligent) (274) Pradhānaprabhu (the lord of Pradhāna or Prakṛti) (275) Avyaya (the unchanging) (276) Lokapāla (the protector of the worlds) (277) Antarhitātman (one whose Ātman is hidden) (278) Kalpādi[10] (the beginning of kalpa) (279) Kamalekṣaṇa (lotus-eyed) (280) Vedaśāstrārthatattvajña (one who is conversant with the principles and meanings of the Vedas and the scriptures) (281) Niyama (regulation) (282) Niyamāśraya (basis of regulations).

61-70. (283) Candra (moon) (284) Surya (Sun) (285) Śani (saturn) (286) Ketu (the planet of that name) (287) Virāma (final rest) (288) Vidrumacchavi (one having the lustre of coral) (289) Bhaktigamya (comprehensible through devotion) (290) Paramabrahman (the greatest Brahman) (291) Mṛgabāṇārpaṇa (one who discharges arrows into the deer) (292) Anagha (the sinless) (293) Adrirājālaya (one who has his residence on the king of mountains) (294) Kānta (brilliant) (295) Paramātman (the great soul) (296) Jagadguru (the preceptor of the universe) (297) Sarvakarman (one engaged in all rites) (298) Acala (the unmoving)(299) Tvaṣṭṛ (the architect of the gods) (300) Maṅgalya (Auspicious) (301) Maṅgalāvṛta (covered with auspicious things) (302) Mahātapas (of great austerities) (303) Dīrghatapas (performing austerities of long duration) (304) Sthaviṣṭha (largest, very strong) (305) Sthavira (Ancient, aged) (306) Dhruva (Firm, fixed) (307) Ahaḥ (day) (308) Saṃvatsara (year) (309) Vyāpti (pervasion) (310) Pramāṇam (means of valid knowledge) (311) Paramaṃtapas [Paramaṃtapaḥ] (greatest penance) (312) Saṃvatsarakara (cause of the year) (313) Mantra (incantation) (314) Pratyaya (confidence) (315) Sarvadarśana (viewing everyone) (316) Aja (unborn) (317) Sarveśvara (lord of all) (318) Snigdha (affectionate) (319) Mahāretas (of great virile power) (320) Mahābala (of great strength) (321) Yogin (322) Yogya (worthy) (323) Mahāretas (of great virile power) (324) Siddha (one who has achieved (great results)) (325) Sarvādi (Cause of all) (326) Agnida (Bestower of fire) (327) Vasu (wealth) (328) Vasumanas (having mind dwelling on wealth) (329) Satya (truthful) (330) Sarvapāpahara (Dispeller of all sins) (331) Hara (332) Amṛta (Nectar) (333) Śāśvata (permanent) (334) Śānta (calm) (335) Bāṇahasta (having the hand on the arrow) (336) Pratāpavān (valorous) (337) Kamaṇḍaludhara (holding the water-pot) (338) Dhanvin (holding the bow) (339) Vedāṅga (part of the Vedas) (340) Vedavit[11] (knower of the Vedas) (341) Muni (sage) (342) Bhrājiṣṇu (shining) (343) Bhojana [Bhojanam] (diet) (344) Bhoktṛ (the enjoyer) (345) Lokanetṛ (the leader of the worlds) (346) Dhurādhara (Bearer of burden) (347) Atīndriya (one who is beyond the pale of the sense-organs) (348) Mahāmāya (wielding great Māyā) (349) Sarvāvāsa (abode of all) (350) Catuṣpatha (a brahmin) (351) Kālayogī (one united with Kāla i.e. time) (352) Mahānāda (of great noise) (353) Mahotsāha (of great enthusiasm) (354) Mahābala (of great strength) (355) Mahābuddhi (of great intellect) (356) Mahāvīrya (of great virility) (357) Bhūtacārin (moving among the living beings) (358) Purandara (one who pierces the cities) (359) Niśācara (walking about at night) (360) Pretacārin (one who moves among ghosts) (361) Mahāśakti (of great power) (362) Mahādyuti (of great lustre) (363) Anirdeśyavapus [Anirdeśyavapuḥ] (one whose body cannot be specifically pointed out) (364) Śrīmān (glorious) (365) Sarvahārī (the destroyer of all) (366) Amita (the unmeasured) (367) Gati (the goal) (368) Bahuśruta (one with much of learning) (369) Bahumaya (full of many things) (370) Niyatātman (of controlled Ātman) (371) Bhavodbhava (source of origin of the world) (372) Ojaskara (cause of prowess) (373) Tejaskara (cause of splendour) (374) Dyutikara (one who diffuses light) (375) Nartaka (the dancer) (376) Sarvakāmada (the bestower of all cherished desires).

71-80. (377) Nṛtyapriya) (one who is fond of dancing) (378) Nṛtyānṛtya (dance of dances (?) ) (379) Prakāśātman (of the nature of lustre) (380) Pratāpana (one who scorches) (381) Buddhākṣara (one who has understood the syllable) (382) Spaṣṭākṣara (of clear syllables) (383) Mantra (mystic syllable) (384) Sammāna (one of great honour) (385) Sārasamplava (of flooded essence) (386) Yugādikṛt (one who makes the beginning of the yugas) (387) Yugāvarta (cause of the repetition of the yugas) (388) Gambhīra (majestic) (389) Vṛṣavāhana (bull-vehicled) (390) Iṣṭa (one who is liked, worshipped) (391) Viśiṣṭa (the distinguished) (392) Śiṣṭeṣṭa (one who is fond of the disciplined) (393) Śarabha (the fabulous animal whose form Śiva assumed) (394) Śarabha (? one who has caused Sarabha) (395) Dhanuḥ (bow) (396) Apāṃnidhi (storehouse of waters) (397) Adhiṣṭhāna [Adhiṣṭhānam] (the basic support) (398) Vijaya (victory) (399) Jayakālavid (one who knows the time of victory (400) Pratiṣṭhita (well-established) (401) Pramāṇajña (one who is conversant with the means of valid knowledge) (402) Hiraṇyakavaca (one having golden coat of mail) (403) Hari (identical with Viṣṇu) (404) Virocana (one who increases appeal) (405) Suragaṇa (one having Devas as his attendants) (406) Vidyeśa (lord of vidyā) (407) Vibudhāśraya (support of the learned) (408) Bālarūpa[12] (one having the form of a boy) (409) Balonmāthin (one who subdues others by means of his strength) (410) Vivarta (one who transforms himself) (411) Gahana (Abstruse) (412) Guru (weighty) (413) Karaṇam (Instrument) (414) Kāraṇa [kāraṇam] (cause) (415) Kartṛ (maker) (416) Sarvabandhavimocana (one who releases others from all bondages) (417) Vidvattama (highly learned) (418) Vītabhaya (devoid of fear) (419) Viśvabhartṛ (the overlord of the universe) (420) Niśākara (moon) (421) Vyavasāya (energy) (422) Vyavasthāna (one with perseverance) (423) Sthānada (the bestower of (good) abodes) (424) Jagadādija (one born at the outset of the universe (425) Dundubhi (one who has the wardrurn) (426) Lalita (delicate) (427) Viśva (universe) (428) Bhavātman (the soul of the world) (429) Ātmani saṃsthita (one stationed in the ātman) (430) Vīreśvara (lord of the heroes) (431) Vīrabhadra (432) Vīrahā (slayer of heretic persons) (433) Vīrabhṛd (one who sustains heroes) (434) Virāṭ (supreme being) (435) Vīracūḍāmaṇi (the crest-jewel of heroes) (436) Vettā (the knower) (437) Tīvranāda (one whose sound is poignant) (438) Nadīdhara (supporter of the river) (439) Ājñādhāra (support of behests) (440) Triśūlin (trident-bearing) (441) Śipiviṣṭa[13] (one who has penetrated the rays) (442) Śivālaya (abode of auspiciousness) (443) Vālakhilya (identical with the sages of that name) (444) Mahācāpa (wielding a great bow) (445) Tigmāṃśu (having hot rays) (446) Avyayanidhi (everlasting treasure) (447) Abhirāma (charming) (448) Suśaraṇa (perfect refuge) (449) Subrahmaṇya (perfectly conducive to the attainment of Brahman) (450) Sudhāpati (lord of the nectar) (451) Maghavān (Indra) (452) Kauśika (of the family of Kuśika) (453) Gomān (possessing cows) (454) Viśrāma (rest) (455) Sarvaśāsana (chestiser of everyone) (456) Lalāṭākṣa (having an eye in the forehead) (457) Viśvadeha (one having cosmic bodies) (458) Sāra (essence) (459) Saṃsāracakrabhṛt (one who holds the wheel of mundane existence) (460) Amoghadaṇḍin (one whose punishment is never futile) (461) Madhyastha (stationed in the middle) (462) Hiraṇya (golden) (463) Brahmavarcasī (one who has the brahminical splendour).

81-90. (464) Paramārtha (the greatest object) (465) Paramaya (identical with the greatest) (466) Śambara (hunter) (467) Vyādhaka (hunter) (468) Anala (fire) (469) Ruci (taste) (470) Vararuci (having excellent taste) (471) Vandya (worthy of being saluted) (472) Vācaspati (lord of speech) (473) Aharpati (lord of the day) (474) Ravi (sun) (475) Virocana (sun) (476) Skanda (477) Śāstā (ruler) (478) Vaivasvata (pertaining to the sun) (479) Jana (people) Ajanma (unborn) (480) Yukti (cogent reason) (481) Unnatakīrti (of lofty renown) (482) Śāntarāga (one whose passion has subsided) (483) Parājaya (Defeat?) (484) Kailāsapati (lord of Kailāsa) (485) Kāmari (enemy of Kāma) (486) Savitā (sun) (487) Ravilocana (having sun as the eye) (488) Vidvattama (highly scholarly) (489) Vītabhaya (devoid of fear) (490) Viśvahartā (destroyer of the universe) (491) Anivārita (unrestricted) (492) Nitya (permanent) (4.93) Niyatakalyāṇa (one who is invariably auspicious) (494) Puṇyaśravaṇa (hearing about whom is meritorious) (495) Puṇyakīrtana (glorifying whom is meritorious) (496) Dūraśravas (one who hears from far off) (497) Viśvasaha (one who endures everything) (498) Dhyeya (worthy of being meditated upon) (499) Duḥsvapnanāśana (one who destroys evil dreams) (500) Uttāraka (redeemer) (501) Duṣkṛtihā (destroyer of evil actions) (502) Durdharṣa (one who cannot be attacked) (503) Duḥsaha (unable to bear) (504) Abhaya (one who grants, fearlessness) (505) Anāndi (beginningless) (506) Bhūḥ (the earth) (507) Bhuvaḥ Lakṣmīḥ (fortune of the earth) (508) Kirīṭin (having a crown) (509) Tridaśādhipa (overlord of Devas) (510) Viśvagoptā (protector of the universe) (511) Viśvabhartā (ruler of the universe) (512) Sudhīra (perfectly bold) (513) Rucirāṅgada (having a beautiful shoulderlet) (514) Janana (one who causes birth) (515) Janajanmādi (one who is the cause of the birth, etc. of people) (516) Prītimān (one who has pleasure) (517) Nītimān (endowed with justice) (518) Naya (of good policy) (519) Viśiṣṭa (most distinguished) (520) Kāśyapa (sage of that name) (521) Bhānu (sun) (522) Bhīma (terrible) (523) Bhīmaparākrama (one whose exploit is terrible) (524) Praṇava (525) Saptadhacāra (one whose rites are of seven types (?) (526) Mahākāya (of huge body) (527) Mahādhanu (having a great bow) (528) Janmādhipa (overlord of birth (?) ) (529) Mahādeva (530) Sakalāgamapāraga (Master of all Āgamas) (531) Tattvātattvavivekātman (one who naturally discriminates between the real and the unreal) (532) Vibhūṣṇu (one who is desirous of shining well (533) Bhūtibhūṣaṇa (having sacred ashes as ornament) (534) Ṛṣi (sage) (535) Brāhmaṇavid (conversant with the Brāhmaṇa texts) (536) Jiṣṇu (victorious) (537) Janmamṛtyujarātiga (one who is beyond birth, death and old age) (538) Yajña (539) Yajñapati (lord of the yajñas) (540) Yajvā (one who sacrifices) (541) Yajñānta (one who is the end of yajña) (542) Amoghavikrama (one whose exploit is never futile) (543) Mahendra (544) Durbhara (one who is difficult to control and boss over) (545) Senī (one who has armies) (546) Yajñāṅga (a part of the yajña) (547) Yajñavāhana (Yajña-vehicled) (548) Pañcabrahmasamutpatti[14] (the source of origin of the five brahmans) (549) Viśveśa (lord of the universe) (550) Vimalodaya (one whose rise is devoid of impurities).

91-100. (551) Ātmayoni (source of origin of the Ātman) (552) Anādyanta (having neither a beginning nor an end) (553) Ṣaḍviṃśat (the twentysixth principle) (554) Saptalokadhṛk (one who holds the seven worlds) (555) Gāyatrīvallabha) one who is the lover of Gāyatrī) (556) Prāṃśu (tall) (557) Viśvāvāsa (Abode of the universe) (558) Prabhākara (cause of bright light) (559) Śiśu (infant) (560) Girirata (one who loves the mountain) (561) Samrāṭ (emperor) (562) Suṣeṇa (having good army) (563) Suraśatruhā (destroyer of the enemies of Devas) (564) Amogha (one who is never futile) (565) Ariṣṭamathana (one who suppresses evil maladies) (566) Mukunda (567) Vigatajvara (one who is free from ailments) (568) Svayaṃjyotis [Svayaṃjyotiḥ] (one who is self luminous) (569) Anujyotis [Anujyotiḥ] (subsequent luminary) (570) Ātmajyoti (light of the Ātman) (571) Acañcala (one who is not fickle) (572) Piṅgala (tawny-coloured) (573) Kapilaśmaśru (one whose moustache is tawny (574) Śāstranetra (having the scripture as his eye) (575) Netratraya (having three eyes) (576) Atanu (unembodied) (577) Jñānaskandha (wise with perfect knowledge) (578.) Mahājñānī (highly learned one) (579) Nirutpatti (having no birth) (580) Upaplava[15] (identical with calamity) (581) Bhava (source of origin of the world) (582) Vivasvān (sun) (583) Āditya (sun) (584) Yogācārya (preceptor of the yoga system) (585) Bṛhaspati (preceptor of the gods) (586) Udārakīrti (one of elegant fame) (587) Udyogī (one who endeavours) (588) Sadyogī (good yogin) (589) Sadasambhava (the unborn and existing being) (590) Nakṣatramālī (having a garland of the stars) (591) Rākeśa (lord of the moonlight, i.e. moon) (592) Sādhiṣṭhāna (having a foundation) (593) Ṣaḍāśraya (having the support of the six) (594) Pavitrapāṇi (having the Pavitra in the hand) (595) Pāpāri (enemy of sins) (596) Maṇipūra (navel?) (597) Manogati (having the movement of the mind) (598) Hṛtpuṇḍarīkāsīna (one occupying the lotus-like heart) (599) Śukla (white) (600) Śānta (calm) (601) Vṛṣākapi (602) Viṣṇu (all-pervasive) (603) Grahapati (lord of the planets) (604) Kṛṣṇa (605) Samartha (competent) (606) Anarthanāśana (one who destroys miseries) (607) Adharmaśatru (enemy of sin) (608) Akṣayya (inexhaustible) (609) Puruhūta (one who is frequently invoked) (610) Puruṣṭuta (one who is frequently eulogised) (611) Brahmagarbha (born of the womb of Brahman) (612) Bṛhadgarbha (having a huge womb) (613) Dharmadhenu (cow of piety) (614) Dhanāgama[16] (the augment of wealth) (615) Jagaddhitaiṣin (well-wisher of the universe) (616) Sugata (having good movement) (617) Kumāra (young man) (618) Kuśalāgama (one who brings about happiness) (619) Hiraṇyavarṇa (golden coloured) (620) Jyotiṣmān (luminous) (621) Nanābhūtādhāra (supporter of the different kinds of living beings) (622) Dhvani (sound) (623) Aroga (devoid of ailment) (624) Niyamābhyakṣa presiding deity of observances) (625) Viśvāmitra (626) Dvijottama (the most excellent among brahmins) (627) Bṛhatjyoti (having a large light) (628) Sudhāmā (having good abode) (629) Mahājyoti (having a great light) (630) Anuttama (excellent one) (631) Mātāmaha (maternal grandfather) (632) Mātariśvā (wind) (633) Nabhasvān (vaporous air) (634) Nāgahāradhṛk (one wearing serpent-necklaces).

101-110. (635) Pulastya (636) Pulaha (637) Agastya (638) Jātūkarṇya (639) Parāśara (identical with these sages) (640) Nirāvaraṇadharmajña (one conversant with Dharma devoid of Āvaraṇa (covering) (641) Viriñca (Brahmā) (642) Viṣṭaraśravas (having his own ears as abode i.e., quick in hearing) (643) Ātmabhū (self-born) (644) Aniruddha (unchecked) (645) Atri (sage of that name) (646) Jñānamūrti (having perfect knowledge of body). (647) Mahāyaśas (having great renown) (648) Lokacūḍāmaṇi (the crest-jewel of the worlds) (649) Vīra (hero) (650) Caṇḍaparākrama (of fierce exploit) (651) Satyaparākrama (of truthful exploit) (652) Vyālākalpa (one having serpents for ornaments) (653) Mahākalpa (having costly ornaments) (654) Mahāvṛkṣa (great tree) (655) Kalādhara (one having the digits) (656) Alaṃkariṣṇu (one who is desirous of adorning) (657)Acala (unmoving) (658) Rociṣṇu (shining) (659) Vikramottama (excellent in exploit) (660) Āśuśabdapati (the lord of the word “quick” [?]) (661) Vegin (having velocity) (662) Plavana (floating) (663) Śikhisārathi (having fire as the charioteer) (664) Asaṃsṛṣṭa (unjoined) (665) Atithi (guest) (666) Śakrapramāthin (subjugator of Śakra) (667) Pāpanāśana (destroyer of sins) (668) Vasuśravas (having riches as ears?)(669) Kavyavāha (carrying Kavya offerings) (670) Pratapta (one who is heated much) (671)Viśvabhojana (having the universe as food) (672) Jarya (that which becomes old) (673) Jarādhiśamana (one who dispels the agony due to old age) (674) Lohita (mars) (675) Tanūnapāt (fire)(676) Pṛṣadaśva (wind, air) (677) Nabhoyoni (source or origin of the sky) (678) Supratīka (having good symbol) (679) Tamisrahā (dispeller of darkness) (680) Nidāgha (summer) (681) Tapana (sun) (682) Megha (cloud) (683) Pakṣa (a fortnight) (684) Parapurañjaya (conqueror of other people’s city) (685) Mukhānila (having wind in the mouth) (686) Suniṣpanna (one that has been evolved well) (687) Surabhi (sweet-smelling)(688) Śiśirātmaka (one of cool nature) (689) Vasanta (spring) (690) Mādhava (691) Grīṣma (summer) (692) Nabhasya (month of Bhādrapada) (693) Bījavāhana (one who carries seeds) (694) Aṅgiras (695) Muni Ātreya (sage Ātreya) (696) Vimala (pure) (697) Viśvavāhana (having universe as vehicle) (698) Pāvana (one who purifies) (699) Purujit (conqueror of many) (700) Śakra (701) Trividya (having three Vidyās) (702) Naravāhana (having human beings for vehicles) (703) Manas (mind) (704) Buddhi (intellect) (705) Ahaṃkāra (ego) (706) Kṣetrajña (individual soul) (707) Kṣetrapālaka (protector of fields) (708) Tejonidhi (store of splendour) (709) Jñānanidhi (store of knowledge) (710) Vipāka (fruitful) (711) Vighnakāraka (cause of obstacles) (712) Adhara (lower) (713) Anuttara (having no successor) (714) Jñeya (one who should be known) (715) Jyeṣṭha (eldest) (716) Niḥśreyasālaya (abode of salvation) (717) Śaila (mountain) (718) Naga[17] (tree) (719)Tanu (body) (720) Doha (milking) (721) Dānavāri (enemy of the Dānavas) (722) Aridama (suppressor of enemies).

111-120. (723) Cārudhī (of charming intellect) (724) Cārujanaka (charming father) (725) Viśalya (having no torment) (726) Lokaśalyakṛt (the tormentor of the worlds) (727) Caturveda[18] (the four Vedas) (728) Caturbhava (the four types of emotions) (729) Catura (clever) (730) Caturapriya (one fond of clever people) (731) Amnāya (scripture) (732) Samāmnāya (traditional repetition) (733) Tīrtha (holy centre) (734) Deva (lord) (735) Śivālaya (abode of auspiciousness) (736) Bahurūpa (having many forms) (737) Mahārūpa, (having great forms) (738) Sarvarūpa (having all forms) (739) Carācara (the mobile and immobile being) (740) Nyāyanirvāhaka (one who fulfils justice) (741) Nyāya (justice) (742) Nyāyagamya (comprehensible through logic) (743) Nirañjana (unsullied) (474) Sahasramūrdhā) (thousand-headed) (745) Devendra (lord of Devas) (746) Sarvaśastraprabhañjana (one who breaks all weapons) (747) Muṇḍa (skull) (748) Virūpa (hideous) (749) Vikṛta (deformed) (750) Daṇḍin (having a staff) (751) Dānta (having self-control) (752) Guṇottama (excellent in good qualities) (753) Piṅgalākṣa (tawny-eyed) (754) Haryakṣa (lion) (755) Nīlagrīva (blue necked) (756) Nirāmaya (devoid of ailments) (757) Sahasrabāhu (thousand-armed) (758) Sarveśa (lord of all) (759) Śaraṇya (one worthy of being sought refuge under) (760) Sarvalokabhṛt (one who supports all the worlds) (761) Padmāsana (lotus-seated) (762) Paramajyoti (Great light) (763) Parāvaraparam phalam (one yielding the great fruit of Para and Avara (great and small benefits of life) (764) Padmagarbha (lotus-wombed) (765) Mahāgarbha (great-wombed) (766) Viśvagarbha (having the universe in the womb) (767) Vicakṣaṇa (clever) (768) Parāvarajña (one conversant with Para and Avara) (769) Bījeśa (the lord of the seeds) (770) Sumukha (having pleasing face) (771) Sumahāsvana (having a loud voice) (772) Devāsuraguru (Preceptor of Devas and Asuras) (773) Devāsuranamaskṛta (one who is bowed to by Devas and Asuras) (774) Devāsuramahāmātra (high official of Devas and Asuras) (775) (Devāsuramahāśraya (the great support of Devas and Asuras) (776) Devādideva (the first Deva of all Devas) (777) Devarṣi (the sage of Devas) (778) Devāsuravaraprada (one who bestows boons on Devas and Asuras) (779) Devāsureśvara (lord of Devas and Asuras) (780) Divya (divine) (781) Devāsuramaheśvara (great lord of Devas and Asuras) (782) Sarvadevamaya (identical with all Devas) (783) Acintya (one who cannot be thought of) (784) Devatātmā (having the deities within) (785) Ātmasambhava (born of himself) (786) Īḍva (one worthy of worship) (787) Anīśa (having no Īśa above) (788) Suravyāghra (a tiger among Devas) (789) Devasiṃha (a lion among Devas) (790) Divākara (sun) (791) Vibudhāgravaraśreṣṭha (the most excellent among the learned) (792) Sarvadevottamottama (the greatest among the entire groups of Devas) (793) Śivajñānarata (one engaged in the knowledge of Śiva) (794) Śrīmān (glorious) (795) Śikhiśrīparvatapriya (one fond of the mountain Śikhiśrī).

121-130. (796) Trayastambha (having three columns) (797) Viśiṣṭāmbha (having distinguished waters (?) ) (798) Narasiṃhanipātana (one who struck down Narasiṃha) (799) Brahmacārin (religious student) (800) Lokācārin (one moving amidst the worlds) (801) Dharmacārin (one performing pious deeds) (802) Dhanādhipa (lord of wealth (803) Nandin (804) Nandīśvara (805) Nagna (naked) (806) Nagnavratadhara (one who observes the holy rite of being naked) (807) Śuci (pure) (808) Liṅgādhyakṣa (presiding deity of the liṅgas) (809) Surādhyakṣa (presiding deity of Devas) (810) Yugā-dhyaksa (presiding deity of the yugas) (811) Yugāvaha (one causing the yugas) (812) Svavaśa (one submissive of himself). (813) Sarvaśa (one giving happiness unto all) (814) Svargasvara (one whose voice is above heaven) (815) Svaramaya (one identical with notes) (816) Svana (sound) (817) Bījādhyakṣa (presiding deity of the seeds) (818) Bījakartā (the maker of the seeds) (819) Dhanakṛt (maker of wealth) (820) Dharmavardhana (increaser of piety) (821) Dambha (haughtiness) (822) Adambha (one devoid of haughtiness) (823) Mahādambha (one of great haughtiness) (824) Sarvabhūtamaheśvara (great lord of all living beings) (825) Śmaśānanilaya (one whose abode is in the cremation ground) (826) Tiṣya (Kali age) (827) Setu (bridge) (828) Apratimākṛti (one whose features are unrivalled) (829) Lokottara (one greater than all the worlds) (830) Sphuṭāloka (one whose lustre is clear) (831) Tryambaka (three-eyed) (832) Nāgabhūsaṇa (having serpents as ornaments) (833) Andhakāri (enemy of demon Andhaka) (834) Makhadveṣin (enemy of sacrifice) (835) Viṣṇukandharapātana (one who struck down the head of Viṣṇu) (836) Vītadoṣa (one devoid of defects) (837) Akṣayaguṇa (one of inexhaustible good qualities) (838) Dakṣāri (enemy of Dakṣa) (839) Pūṣadantahṛt (one who took away the tooth of Pūṣan) (840) Dhūijaṭi (having the burden of the matted hairs) (841) Khaṇḍaparaśu (842) Sakala (with attributes) (843) Niṣkala (without attributes) (844) Anagha (sinless) (845) Ādhāra (support) (846) Sakalādhāra (support of all) (847) Pāṇḍurābha (having greyish lustre) (848) Mṛḍa (849) Naṭa (actor) (850) Pūrṇa (full) (851) Pūrayitā (one who fills) (852) Puṇya (meritorious) (853) Sukumāra (very tender) (854) Sulocana (having good eyes) (855) Sāmageya (worthy of being sung about with Sāman mantras) (856) Priyakara (one who does pleasing things) (857) Puṇyakīrti (of meritorious renown) (858) Anāmaya (free from ailments) (859) Manojava[19] (as speedy as the mind) (860) Tīrthakara (maker of holy centres) (861) Jaṭila (one with matted hair) (862) Jīviteśvara (lord of life) (863) Jīvitāntakara (one who causes end to life) (864) Nitya (permanent) (865) Vasuretas (having wealth as semen virile) (866) Vasupriya (one fond of wealth) (867) Sadgati (the goal of the good) (868) Satkṛti (having good actions) (869) Sakta (attacked) (870) Kālakaṇṭha (black-necked) (871) Kalādhara (bearer of digits) (872) Mānī (honourable) (873) Mānya[20] (worthy of being honoured) (874) Mahākāla (875) Sadbhūti (having good prosperity) (876) Satparāyaṇa (having the good one as the greatest resort) (877) Candra (moon) (878) Sañjīvana (enlivening) (879) Śāstṛ (ruler) (880) Lokagūḍha (hidden in the worlds) (881) Amarādhipa (the overlord of the immortal ones).

131-140. (882) Lokabandhu (kinsman of the worlds) (883) Lokanātha (lord of the worlds) (884) Kṛtajña (grateful) (885) Kṛtibhūṣaṇa (a jewel among gifted ones) (886) Anapāyī (having no distress) (887) Akṣara (imperishable) (888) Kānta (shining) (889) Sarvaśastrabhṛtāṃvara (the most excellent one among all warriors) (890) Tejomaya (full of splendour) (891) Dyutidhara (having lustre) (892) Lokamāya (having Māyā spreading over the worlds) (893) Agraṇī (the leader) (894) Aṇu (the atom) (895) Śucismita (of pure smiles) (896) Prasannātman (one delighted in the mind) (897) Durjaya (one who is unconquerable) (898) Duratikrama (one who cannot be transgressed) (899) Jyotirmaya (luminous) (900) Nirākāra (having no shape) (901) Jagannātha (lord of the universe) (902) Jaleśvara (lord of the waters) (903) Tumbavīṇī (having the lute called Tumbavīṇa) (904) Mahākāya (having a huge body) (905) Viśoka (devoid of sorrow) (906) Śokanāśana (destroyer of grief) (907) Trilokātman (the soul of the three worlds) (908) Trilokeśa (lord of the three worlds) (909) Śuddha (pure) (910) Śuddhi (purity) (911) Adhokṣaja (Viṣṇu) (912) Avyaktalakṣaṇa (one who has the unmanifest as the characteristic sign) (913) Avyakta (unmanifest) (914) Vyaktāvyakta (one who is manifest and unmanifest) (915) Viśāmpati (lord of subjects) (916) Varaśīla (of excellent conduct) (917) Atulavara (of incomparable boons) (918) Mānī (honourable) (919) Mānadhana (having honour as wealth) (920) Maya (921) Brahmā (922) Viṣṇu (923) Prajāpāla (protector of the subjects) (924) Haṃsa (swan) (925) Haṃsagati (having the gait of the swan) (926) Yama (927) Vedhas (creator) (928) Dhātṛ (929) Vidhātṛ (930) Attṛ (devourer) (931) Hartṛ (destroyer) (932) Caturmukha (four-faced) (933) Kailāsaśikharāvāsī (one whose residence is on the peak of the Kailāsa) (934) Sarvāvāsī (having everything as his residence) (935) Satām gati (goal of the good) (936) Hiraṇyagarbha (gold-wombed) (937) Hariṇa (Deer) (938) Puruṣa (939) Pūrvajapitā (ancestral father) (940) Bhūtālaya (abode of the living beings) (941) Bhūtapati (lord of the goblins). (942) Bhūtida (bestower of prosperity) (943) Bhuvaneśvara (lord of the worlds) (944) Saṃyogin (having union) (945) Yogavid (knower of the yogas) (946) Brahma (947) Brah-maṇya (conducive to the attainment of Brahman) (948) Brāhmaṇapriya (one fond of brahmins) (949) Devapriya (fond of Devas) (950) Devanātha (lord of Devas) (951) Devajña (knower of Devas) (952) Devacintaka (one thinking about Devas) (953) Viṣamākṣa (having deformed eyes) (954) Kalādhyakṣa (presiding deity of Kalās) (955) Vṛṣāṅka (bull-emblemed) (956) Vṛṣavardhana (one who increases piety) (957) Nirmada (one devoid of pride) (958) Nirahaṃkāra (one devoid of arrogance) (959) Nirmoha (Devoid of delusion) (960) Nirupadrava (harmless) (961) Darpahā (destroyer of pride) (962) Darpita (proud) (963) Dṛpta (haughty) (964) Sarvaṛtuparivartaka [Sarvartuparivartaka] (one who changes (revolves) in all the seasons) (965) Sahajihva (having congenital tongue) (966) Sahasrārci (having thousand rays) (967) Snigdha (affectionate) (968) Prakṛtidakṣiṇa (one who is to the right of Prakṛti.)

141-150. (969) Bhūtabhavyabhavannātha (one who is the lord of the past, present and future) (970) Prabhava (source of origin) (971) Bhrāntināśana (destroyer of wrong notions) (972) Arthānartha (one who is beneficial and maleficent) (973) Mahākośa (having great treasure) (974) Parakāryaikapaṇḍita (one who is the sole clever scholar in others tales) (975) Niṣkaṇṭaka (one free from thorns) (976) Kṛtānanda (one who is blissful) (977) Nirvyāja (one who has no false pretext) (978) Vyājamardana (one who suppresses sham) (979) Satyavān (truthful) (980) Satyakīrtistambhakṛtāgama (one who is well learned and who has established truthful renown) (981) Akampita (unshaken) (982) Guṇagrāhin (one who takes good qualities) (983) Naikātmā naikakarmakṛt (one who is not a single soul and who does not perform single task alone) (984) Suprīta (one who is well pleased) (985) Sumukha (one whose face is good) (986) Sūkṣma (subtle) (987) Sukara (one having good hands) (988) Dakṣiṇānila (southern wind) (989) Skandha-Skandhadhara (shoulder and bearer of shoulders) (990) Dhurya (one who carries burdens of responsibility) (991) Prakaṭa-Prītivardhana (one who increases pleasures manifestly) (992) Aparājita (undefeated) (993) Sarvasaha (enduring everything) (994) Vidagdha (clever) (995) Śarvavāhana (having all vehicles) (996) Adhṛta (one who is not held) (997) Svadhṛta (one who (is held by himself) (998) Sādhya (one who can be achieved) (999) Pūrtamūrti yaśodhara (one whose form is pūrta i.e. good social services and one who is famous (1000) Varāhaśṛṅgadhṛk (one who wears the horn of the boar) (1001) Vāyu (wind) (1002) Bala-vān (powerful) (1003) Ekanāyaka (sole leader). (1004) Śrutiprakāśa (one having the lustre of learning) (1005) Śrutimān (learned) (1006) Ekabandhu (sole kinsman) (1007) Anekadhṛk (holder of many things) (1008) Śrīvallabhaśivārambha (lover of fortunes’ auspicious venture) (1009) Śāntabhadra (one who is calm and auspicious) (1010) Samañjasa (proper) (1011) Bhūśaya (lying on the ground) (1012) Bhūtikṛt (one who causes prosperity) (1013) Bhūti (prosperity) (1014)) Bhūṣaṇa (ornament) (1015) Bhūtavāhana (having the goblins for his vehicle) (1016) Akāya (having no body) (1017) Bhaktakāyastha (one who is stationed in the body of the devotees) (1018) Kālajñānī (one knowing the time) (1019) Kalāvapus [Kalāvapuḥ] (having the digits for his body) (1020) Satyavrata (one of truthful rites) (1021) Mahātyāgī (great renouncer) (1022) Niṣṭhā (stability) (1023) Śāntiparāyaṇa (interested in peace) (1024) Parārthavṛtti (one whose activities are for the sake of others) (1025) Varada (Bestower of boons) (1026) Vivikta (isolated) (1027) Śrutisāgara (ocean of learning) (1028) Anirviṇṇa (one who is not dejected) (1029) Guṇagrāhī (one who takes up good qualities) (1030) Kalaṅkaṅka (one who is marked with a strain) (1031) Kalaṅkaha (one who dispels stains) (1032) Svabhāvarudra (one who is naturally fierce) (1033) Madhyastha (one who is stationed in the middle) (1034) Śatrughna (destroyer of enemies) (1035) Madhyanāśaka (destroyer of the middle) (1036) Śikhaṇḍī (having a tuft) (1037)Kavacī (having a coat of mail) (1038) Śūlī (having a trident) (1039) Caṇḍīmukti (liberator of Caṇḍī) (1040) Kuṇḍalin (having earrings) (1041) Mekhalin. (having girdle) (1042) Kavacin (having coat of mail) (1043) Khaḍgin (having a sword) (1044) Māyin (wielder of Māyās) (1045) Saṃsāra sārathi (charioteer of the worldly existence).

151-158. (1046) Amṛtyu (having no death) (1047) Sarvadṛk (having visipn everywhere) (1048) Siṃha (lion) (1049) Tejorāśi (mass of splendour) (1050) Mahāmaṇi (having a great jewel) (1051) Asaṃkhyeya (indescribable) (1052) Aprameyātmā (the Ātman that cannot be realized) (1053) Vīryavān (powerful) (1054) Kāryakovida (skilful at his task) (1055) Vedya (one who could be known) (1056) Vedārthavid (one who knows the meaning of the Vedas) (1057) Goptā (protector) (1058) Sarvācāra (one having all conducts) (1059) Munīśvara (lord of sages) (1060) Anuttama (one who has no one to excel him) (1061) Durādharṣa (one who cannot be attacked) (1062) Madhura (sweet) (1063) Priyadarśana (one who is pleasing to look at) (1064) Sureśa (lord of Devas) (1065) Śaraṇa [Śaraṇam] (one who is refuge of others) (1066) Sarva (identical with all) (1067) Śabda-Brahman (verbal brahman) (1068) Satāṃ gati (the goal of the good) (1069) Kālabhakṣa (one who eats kāla i.e. time) (1070) Kalaṅkari (enemy of stigma) (1071) Kaṅkaṇīkṛtavāsuki (one who has made Vāsuki his bangle) (1072) Maheṣvāsa (one having great bow) (1073) Mahībhartā (lord of the earth) (1074) Niṣkalaṅka (devoid of stigma) (1075) Viśṛṅkhala (free from fetters) (1076) Dyumaṇi (jewel of the firmament) (1077) Taraṇi (sun) (1078) Dhanya (blessed) (1079) Siddhida (bestower of Siddhis) (1080) Siddhisādhana (the means of achieving Siddhis) (1081) Nivṛtta (one who has turned back) (1082) Saṃvṛta (one who is surrounded) (1083) Śilpa (fine arts) (1084) Vyūḍhoraska (broad-chested) (1085) Mahābhuja (having long arms) (1086) Ekajyoti (single luminary) (1087) Nirātaṅka (devoid of agony) (1088) Nara (human being) (1089) Nārāyaṇapriya (fond of Nārāyaṇa) (1090) Nirlepa (unsmeared) (1091) Niṣprapañcātman (Ātman without extension) (1092) Nirvyagra (unexcited) (1093) Vyagranāśana (destroyer of excited state) (1094) Stavya (one worthy of being eulogised (1095) Stavapriya (one fond of eulogy) (1096) Stotṛ (one who eulogises) (1097) Vyāsamūrti (one having the form of Vyāsa) (1098) Anākula (one who is not agitated) (1099) Niravadyapadopāya (one whose position and means are not censurable) (1100) Vidyārāśi (mass of learning) (1101) Avikrama (one who has no backward gait) (1102) Praśāntabuddhi (one whose intellect is calm) (1103) Akṣudra (one who is not insignificant) (1104) Kṣudrahā (destroyer of the insignificant) (1105) Nityasundara (one who is perpetually handsome) (1106) Dhairyāgryadhurya (one who is considered chief and foremost in courage) (1107) Dhātrīśa (lord of the earth) (1108) Śākalya (the sage who arranged Ṛgveda text) (1109) Śarvarīpati (lord of the night) (1110) Paramārthaguru (a real preceptor) (1111) Dharmārthadṛṣṭi (one who has real vision) (1112) Āśritavatsalaguru (a teacher fond of those who seek refuge) (1113) Rasa (juice) (1114) Rasajña (knower of the taste) (1115) Sarvajña (omniscient) (1116) Sarvasattvāvalambana (one who supports all animals).

Sūta said:

159-161. Thus he eulogised the bull-bannered lord with his thousand names. The lord (i.e. Viṣṇu) bathed Śiva and worshipped him with lotus flowers. In order to test Viṣṇu, Maheśvara the lord of the worlds hid one of the lotus flowers intended for the worship. Viṣṇu from whom the flower was taken away thought, thus, “What is this?”

162. After realising the loss of the flower Viṣṇu plucked out his eye and devoutly worshipped the preceptor of the universe, the support of all beings. He worshipped him repeating the last name of the lord.

163. On seeing him who was in that plight, lord Śiva descended from that zone of fire[21] immediately.

164-166. On seeing the lord of Devas, Viṣṇu became glad and paid obeisance to him. The lord was embellished with matted hair as if with a crown. He resembled a hundred million suns. He was divine and surrounded by clusters of flames. He was terrible with sharp fangs. He was holding the trident, axe, iron club, discus, javelin and noose. He showed gestures of granting boon and protection with his hands. He wore the hide of a tiger as his upper garment. He was adorned with Bhasman.

167. Devas including Indra rushed in and circumambulated him. The world of Brahmā shook and the earth quaked.

168. The splendour of lord Śiva burned everything within a hundred yojanas on all sides, beneath and above. There was a roar “Hā hā” on the earth’s surface.

169. Glancing lovingly at Viṣṇu who stood aside with palms joined in reverence, Śaṅkara, Mahādeva said smilingly.

170. O Viṣṇu, the task of Devas has been well understood by me. I shall give you the splendid discus Sudarśana.

171. O deity of good rites, it was indeed for your welfare and for your strenuous deliberation that I assumed this form—terrific for the worlds which you have seen just now.

172. O Viṣṇu, peace and tranquillity in the battle-field is the cause of your misery. The weapon of a calm one shall also be calm. What indeed is the benefit from a calm and peaceful weapon?

173. The weapon of a quiescent person is quiescence which is the weapon of the ascetics. To a Kṣatriya warrior there is destruction of strength due to quiescence. It increases the strength of the enemy.

174. Imagine and meditate on my unchanging form which was seen by the agitated Devas. What can be done with a weapon, O destroyer of the enemies of Devas in order to fight?

175-176. O destroyer of the enemies of Devas, in order to fight, one shall not evince forgiveness in the battle, when weakness has passed away or not yet come in. It should not be practised towards one’s own people at improper times, and when unrighteousness and calamities have disappeared. After saying thus he gave him the discus that had the lustre of ten thousand suns.

177. The lord, the leader of the worlds, gave him an eye also resembling the lotus. Ever since then they call that deity of good holy rites “Padmākṣa” (lotus-eyed).

178. After giving the eye and discus, thus to Viṣṇu, lord Śiva touched him with his auspicious hands and said:—

179. “O excellent Viṣṇu, I am the bestower of boons. Choose the desired boons. I have been captivated by you by your devotion, to be sure.”

180. On being urged thus by the lord of Devas, Viṣṇu bowed down to the lord of Devas and said “O Mahādeva, bless me with this excellent boon of devotion to you.

181-182. I do not wish for anything else, O lord, because devotees do not have any other desire.”

On hearing his words the merciful lord with the moon for his ornament touched him and granted him faith. Mahādeva spoke thus to Viṣṇu the great soul.

183. O excellent Deva, you will always remain a devotee of mine. You will certainly be worthy of being saluted and worshipped by Devas and Asuras, thanks to my grace.

184-186. When Satī the daughter of Dakṣa, the goddess of Devas, with splendid eyes, reproaches her mother and father and becomes the divine daughter of Himavān, Umā by name, O Viṣṇu of good holy rites, you will give her as your sister to me at the behest of Brahma and thus become my kinsman. You will be worthy of being worshipped in the world.

187. Ever since that time you will view me with divine feelings and delight, as though I have become your friend.

188-190. After saying this the lord Śiva vanished. Then lord Viṣṇu requested Brahma who is on a par with the sages, in the presence of Devas:

“O lotus-born deity, the divine hymn mentioned by me is splendid. He who reads this or listens to this or narrates this to excellent brahmins will attain the benefit of having gifted away a piece of gold at every name.

191-195. His benefit shall be that of a thousand horsesacrifices. He shall bathe Rudra with ghee, etc. by means of holy vessel or auspicious water pots, repeating the thousand names with faith. He shall thus propitiate lord Śiva. He acquires the benefit of a thousand sacrifices. He shall be worthy of being worshipped by Devas. Lord Śiva will be pleased with him.” Then the lotus-eyed lord said to lord Viṣṇu “So be it.” Both of them bowed down to the lord of Devas, the preceptor of the universe and went away.

Hence, O brahmins, a sinless man who worships the lord with the thousand names or who repeats the thousand names attains the greatest goal.

Footnotes and references:


In fact, the names exceed the required number. In order to arrive at one thousand number Śivatoṣiṇī treats some substantives as adjectives and excludes them from the list of names. For example, in ‘bhavāya śivāya namaḥ’ ‘bhavāya’ is used as an adjective qualifying ‘Śivāya’ and not included in the list of one thousand names. Our translation does not follow Śivatoṣiṇī. in this respect.—Śivaḥ—Śiva is the fourth (turīya) state of the soul in which the other three states merge, losing their identity. Cf.—[śivam advaitam turīyaṃ manyante]—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī. Cf. also Ahobala:—[vastutaḥ śivaśabdārtho brahmādyairapi tattvataḥ | naiva jñātastadartho'taḥ śivaḥ sarvottamottamaḥ | jānāti tattvato yasmātma svatastattvavittamaḥ || ]—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Puruṣa [puruṣaḥ]—Viṣṇurūpa [viṣṇurūpaḥ] Śivatoṣiṇī. Cf.—[sahasraśīrṣā puruṣaḥ].—Ṛgveda X.90.1.—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Sthāṇuḥ—gamanāgamanaśūnya [gamanāgamanaśūnyaḥ] Śivatoṣiṇī. static. Cf.—[vṛkṣa iva stabdho divi tiṣṭhatyekaḥ].—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Giridhanvā—giriḥ meruḥ dhanur yasya Śivatoṣiṇī.—one who has a bow in the form of the mountain Meru. Cf. Bhag. Gītā “meruḥ śikhariṇām aham.”


Caturmukha—identical with the four-faced Brahmā, see p.60 note 78.


pañcaviṃśati-tattva—emboding twenty-five principles, see p. 3 notes, 11 and 12.


Vāṅmayaikanidhi [Vāṅmayaikanidhiḥ]—[vāṅmayasya śabda-śāstrasyaiko'dvitīyo nidhiḥ]—the sole treasure of grammatical knowledge. Śiva is the original composer of grammar. Cf. Pāṇini-Śikṣā:—[yenākṣara-samāmnāyamadhigamya maheśvarāt kṛtsnaṃ vyākaraṇam proktaṃ tasmai pāṇinaye namaḥ].


Ānandaḥ—blissful: “ānandam brahma”.


Daṇḍa [daṇḍaḥ]—rod of chastisement. Cf. “daṇḍo damayitām asmi” Bhagavadgītā—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Kalpādiḥ—kalpasya śāstrasya ādiḥ kāraṇam—the primeval cause of sacred treatises. Cf. “śāstra-yonitvāt”—Brahma-sūtra—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Veda-vit—Vedānāṃ vit jñānaṃ yasmāt—one who is the source of the Vedic knowledge. Cf. “yo brahmāṇam vidadhāti pūrvaṃ yo vai vedāṃs ca prahiṇoti tasmai”—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Bālarupaḥ—in the form of a boy. Śivatoṣiṇī. cites a legend from the Mahābhārata. (Droṇaparva):—[puroṇiṃ dagdhavantaṃ taṃ devī yātā pravīkṣitum | bālamaṅkagataṃ kṛtvā svayaṃ pañcaśikhaṃ punaḥ ||]


Śipiviṣṭaḥ—śipayo raśmayas tesu praviṣṭaḥ—pervading the rays of the sun. Cf.—[śipayo raśmayo matāḥ | tatra praveśādviśveśaḥ śipiviṣṭa ihocyate ||]—Viṣṇuṇḍahasra-nāma-bhāṣya.


pañca-brahma-samutpatti [samutpattiḥ]—pañca-brahmanām sadyojātādīnām utpattir yasmāt—the source of the origin of five Brahmans, viz. Īśāna, Tatpuruṣa, Aghora, Vāmadeva, and Sadyojāta, representing the five elements: ether, air, fire, water and earth.


Upaplavaḥ—Rāhurūpa [Rāhurūpaḥ] Śivatoṣiṇī. of the form of Rāhu. Cf. “upaplavaḥ saiṃhikeyaḥ”—Viśva.


Dhanāgamaḥ—dhanasya āgamaḥ yasmāt Śivatoṣiṇī. who is the source of attainment of wealth. Cf.—[dhanaṃ cātuptiparyantaṃ śivapūjāvidheḥ phalam |]


Nagaḥ—Śrīśailādirūpa [Śrīśailādirūpaḥ] Śivatoṣiṇī. Of the form of Śrīśaila and others. Cf.—[śrīśailaśikharaṃ dṛṣṭvā punarjanma na vidyate |]


Caturvedaḥ—Cf. one whose breath constitutes the four Vedas Cf. “yasya niśśvasitaṃ vedāḥ”.—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


ManojavaḥŚivatoṣiṇī. disjoins manojavaḥ as mano ajavāḥ, i.e. manasaḥ ajavo yasmin. Cf. “yato vāco nivartante aprāpya manasā saha”—Taittirīya Āraṇyaka. 8.4.1; 9.1. Taittirīya Upaniṣad. 2.4.1; 9.1.


Mānyaḥ—mānayituṃ yogyaḥ Śivatoṣiṇī. worthy of honour.


tasmāt liṅgāt, pāvakasya maṇḍalāt avatatāra Śivatoṣiṇī. he descended from his liṅga image that had a fiery circle around it.

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