Shakta, aka: Śakta, Śākta; 9 Definition(s)


Shakta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śakta and Śākta can be transliterated into English as Sakta or Shakta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Shakta in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śakta (शक्त).—Son of Manasvī, the great-grandson of emperor Pūru. Sauvīrī was his mother. He had two brothers called Saṃhanana and Vāgmī, both of them great in warfare. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 94, Verse 7).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Śakta (शक्त).—A devagaṇa, mind-born sons of Brahmā, in the Svāyambhuva epoch.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 90.

2a) Śākta (शाक्त).—One of the six darśanas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 16.

2b) The tip of the tongue of the personified Veda.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 82.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Śākta (शाक्त) refers to a category of dhāraṇās according to the Śaivāgamas. The term dhāraṇā refers to a particular way “concentrating the mind”, and can be seen as a means of attaining the ultimate truth.

Source: Vijnana Bhairava or Divine Consciousness

Śākta (शाक्त) is the name of an Āgama or Tantra mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra  verse 1.5-7.—“At a previous time, when Pārvatī asked him, Śaṅkara told of the attainments of vidyā in the wide worldly life, in various ways. I observed each teaching taught also by the troops of Gods, Siddhas (those who have attained supernatural power), Munis (saints), Deśikas (spiritual teachers), and Sādhakas (tantric practicioners). They are [, for example]: Śākta... I shall carefully extract all the above-mentioned āgamas, which are transmitted from mouth to mouth, like butter extracted from coagulated milk”.

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Śakta (शक्त).—Endowed with शक्ति (śakti) i. e. the potentiality to express the sense; potent to show the particular Sense.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geogprahy

Sakta.—(LP), written for satka, ‘belonging to’. Note: sakta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

śakta (शक्त).—p (S) Able, capable, competent. 2 S Powerful, mighty, strong. 3 In grammar. Significant, expressive, conveying or involving any particular import--a word or phrase.

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śakta (शक्त).—f (Popular for śakti) Power, strength, ability.

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śākta (शाक्त).—m S A worshiper of a divine energy under its feminine personification. See śakti. 2 also as a Relating to the Shakti or personified divine energy;--as worship, a rite &c.

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sakta (सक्त).—p S Attached or joined; placed in contact with; cohering unto. 2 fig. p a Intent upon; bent or set upon; earnestly or attentively applying one's self unto.

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sakta (सक्त).—a ( A) Hard, firm, solid; and, figuratively, harsh, stern, austere, severe, cruel; oppressive, rigorous, grievous &c. Used freely.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śakta (शक्त).—p Able; strong. f Ability, strength.

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sakta (सक्त).—p Attached or joined, placed in contact with. p a Intent upon, ear- nestly applying one's self to. a Hard, firm, solid. Fig. Harsh, stern, severe, oppressive, rigorous.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śakta (शक्त).—p. p. [śak-kta]

1) Able, capable, competent (with gen. or loc. or inf); बहवोऽस्य कर्मणः शक्ताः (bahavo'sya karmaṇaḥ śaktāḥ) Ve.3; तस्योप- कारे शक्तस्त्वं किं जीवन् किमुतान्यथा (tasyopa- kāre śaktastvaṃ kiṃ jīvan kimutānyathā) ibid; शक्तस्य शक्यकारणात् (śaktasya śakyakāraṇāt) Sāṅ. K.9.

2) Strong, mighty, powerful.

3) Rich, opulent; शक्तः परजने दाता स्वजने दुःखजीविनि (śaktaḥ parajane dātā svajane duḥkhajīvini) Ms.11.9.

4) Significant, expressive, conveying a meaning by denotation (abhidhā or śakti) and not by indication (lakṣaṇā). (as a word).

5) Clever, intelligent.

6) Speaking kindly or agreeably.

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Śākta (शाक्त).—a. (-ktī f.) [शक्तिर्देवताऽस्य अण् (śaktirdevatā'sya aṇ)]

1) Relating to power.

2) Relating to Śakti or the female personification of divine energy.

-ktaḥ A worshipper of Śakti; (the Śāktas are generally worshippers of Durgā representing the female personification of divine energy, and the ritual enjoined to them is of two kinds, the pure or right hand ritual dakṣiṇācāra, and impure or left-hand ritual vāmācāra q. q. v. v.).

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Sakta (सक्त).—p. p. [sañj-kta]

1) Stuck or attached to, in contact with.

2) Addicted, devoted or attached to; fond of; सक्तासि किं कथय वैरिणि मौर्यपुत्रे (saktāsi kiṃ kathaya vairiṇi mauryaputre) Mu.2.6.

3) Fixed or rivetted on; नगेन्द्रसक्तां परिवर्त्य दृष्टिम् (nagendrasaktāṃ parivartya dṛṣṭim) R.2.28.

4) Relating to.

5) Diligent, attentive.

6) Obstructed, hindered; सदा सक्तं च तद्वेश्म सुमन्त्रः प्रविवेश ह (sadā saktaṃ ca tadveśma sumantraḥ praviveśa ha) Rām.2.15.19.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Sakta Raddabadali
sakta raddabadalī (सक्त रद्दबदली).—f Instant or urgent requesting or requiring; intreaty that w...
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ni:śakta (नि:शक्त).—Better written niśśaṅka, niśśakta &c.
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sakta majurī (सक्त मजुरी).—f Hard or grievous laborer-work. Applied particularly to labor exact...
sakta-bhīḍa (सक्त-भीड).—f Close-pressing request. v ghāla.
sakta-radabadalī (सक्त-रदबदली).—f Urgent requesting, en- treaty that will take no denial.
Sakta Pathyala
sakta pāṭhyāḷa (सक्त पाठ्याळ).—m A beast of burden stout with mettle and bottom. 2 fig. A patie...
Śāktāgama (शाक्तागम) represents one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated ...
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