Purandara, Puramdara: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Purandara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Purandara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Purandara (पुरन्दर).—Indra.

2) Purandara (पुरन्दर).—Tapa, son of the agni called Pāñcajanya. Indra once became the son of this Purandara. (Śloka 3, Chapter 221, Vana Parva).

3) Purandara (पुरन्दर).—The name of Indra in Vaivasvata Manvantara. (See under Manvantara). In Matsya Purāṇa Purandara has been considered to be one among the eighteen Vāstuśāstrakāras (adepts in house building). The other seventeen are: Bhṛgu, Atri, Vasiṣṭha, Viśvakarmā, Maya, Nārada, Nagnajit, Viśālākṣa, Brahmā, Kumāra, Nandīśa, Śaunaka, Garga, Vāśudeva, Śukra, Bṛhaspati and Aniruddha. (Matsya Purāṇa, Chapter 252, verses 2 and 3).

According to Mahābhārata Lord Śiva wrote a book "Vaiśālākṣa" containing ten thousand chapters dealing with Dharmārthakāmas. Purandara condensed it into a book of five thousand chapters called 'Bāhudantaka.' Purandara gave that book that name in honour of his mother who was called Bāhudantī. (Chapters 59, 89 and 90, Śānti Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Purandara (पुरन्दर).—Indra of the Vaivasvata epoch; 1000 eyed.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 4; IX. 8. 8; X. 77. 36-7; XII. 8. 15. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 205. Vāyu-purāṇa 34. 75; 62. 178; 64. 7; 67. 102. Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 31 and 43; V. 21. 16.

1b) Indra observed ādityaśayana;1 one of the authors on architecture;2 the abode of.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 55. 32; 178. 65; 246. 69; 248. 14.
  • 2) Ib. 252. 2.
  • 3) Ib. 274. 78.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Purandara (पुरन्दर) is the name of Indra in the Vaivasvatamanvantara: one of the fourteen Manvantaras, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, “The present, the seventh manvantara is Vaivasvata [viz., vaivasvatamanvantara]. In this manvantara, Purandara is the Indra who is the Subduer of the pride of the Asuras; The gods are the Ādityas, the Rudras, the Vasus and the Maruts. The seven seers are Vasiṣṭha, Kaśyapa, Atri, Jamadagni, Gautama, Viśvāmitra and Bharadvāja.”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Purandara (पुरन्दर) or Purandararasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 3, Kāsaroga: cough-related-diseases). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., purandara-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: archive.org: Bharatiya vastu-sastra

Purandara (पुरन्दर) or Śakra is the name of an ancient teacher (ācārya) of Vāstuśāsta (science of architecture) according to the Matsyapurāṇa.—All these great teachers cannot be said to be legendary. Some used to be propagated in ancient India. No nation can flourish without its care for its material prosperity. All this technique and training and their systematic and successful teaching and transmission were of equal importance. Most of the treatises of Vāstuśāstra carry many of these names [i.e., Purandara], yet a good many of them are quoted as authorities, yet still others are honoured with actual passages being quoted from their works.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Purandara in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda

Purandara (पुरन्दर) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment. He is also known by the name Puraṃdara (पुरंदर).

Purandara is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purandara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purandara (पुरन्दर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A name of Indra. 2. An epithet of Siva. 3. An epithet of Agni. 4. A thief, a house-breaker. n.

(-raṃ) A sort of pepper, (Piper chavya.) f.

(-rā) A name of the Ganges. E. pura a city, dṝ to tear or rend, aff. svac, deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purandara (पुरन्दर):—[pura-ndara] (raḥ) 1. m. Indra; a thief. f. () Ganges. (raṃ) n. Pepper.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Purandara (पुरन्दर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Puraṃdara.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purandara in Prakrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Puraṃdara (पुरंदर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Purandara.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purandara in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Puraṃdara (ಪುರಂದರ):—

1) [noun] Indra, the chief of gods, who destroyed enemies' cities.

2) [noun] Śiva, who destroyed the three aerial cities built by three daemons.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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