Amita, Amīta, Amitā: 24 definitions


Amita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Amita (अमित):—Son of Jaya (one of the six sons of Purūravā and Urvaśī). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.15.2)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Amita (अमित) refers to “that which has no limit” (as opposed to Mita—‘limited’), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.54 (“Description of the duties of the chaste wife”).—Accordingly, as a Brahmin lady said to Pārvatī: “[...] What father gives is limited, what brother gives is limited and what the son gives is also limited. A chaste lady shall worship her husband who gives what has no limit (amita). To a wife the husband is god, preceptor, virtue, holy centre and sacred rite. She should cast off everything and adore him alone. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Amita (अमित).—A son of Jaya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 15. 2.

1b) A Sudharmāṇa god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 60.

1c) A mantrakṛt of the Aṅgirasa branch.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 98.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Amita (अमित) refers to “moderate” (rainfall), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The four constellations from Ārdrā form the second maṇḍala or circle; if Venus should reappear in it, the rainfall will be moderate [i.e., amita-ambu] and the growth of food crops will also be moderate; the Brāhmins will suffer, especially those who are wicked. If Venus who so reappears in the said circle, should be crossed by a planet, the Mlecchas, forestmen, persons that live by dogs, the hill men of Gomanta and Gonarda, the Cāṇḍālas, the Śūdras and the people of Videha will become wicked and lawless”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Amita (अमित) refers to “unlimited (ability)”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Her form is the Triangle and her plane unlimited ability (amita-paṭu-padā). She is enflamed by the burning Point. Causing (nectar) to flow, she floods the entire plane of the universe with dense currents of nectar. Active in the utterance (of mantra that takes place) in the centre, she pervades all things with the mass of (her) red and beautiful rays. [...]”.

2) Amita (अमित) or Amitatejas refers to “unlimited energy”, according to the Kularatnoddyota verse 2.29-33.—Accordingly, “[...] Such (also) is this Krama lineage that has come down through the sequence of the series (of teachers). O mistress of Kula, it is worshipped by the troupes of Siddhas and by the Yoginīs. This is the reality of my life, O dear one, it is my wealth. I am myself its creator and I am (its) worshipper. This, O goddess, mistress of Kula, is the ultimate Paścima Śrīkrama. Hard to acquire, it is worshipped with this along with the associated sequences (of mantras). It should be worshipped, O fair one, by Siddhas with unlimited energy (amita-tejas)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (shaivism)

Amita (अमित) refers to “limitless”, according to the Mahānayaprakāśa by Arṇasiṃha (Cf. verse 182-197).—Accordingly, “The pure Lord who consumes the destruction of the three abodes (of emanation, persistence and destruction) and, limitless (amita), attains the supreme (state) in a moment is said to be Khagendra”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Amitā (अमिता) is mentioned as one of the two daughters of Sīhahanu: an ancient king of the solar clan (āditagotra or sūryavaṃśa) according to the Singhalese chronicles mentioned in a footnote in the  Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). According to the Singhalese chronicles (Dīpavaṃsa III.45; Mahāvaṃsa II.20), Sīhahanu had five sons and two daughters: Suddhodana, Dhotodana, Sakkodana, Sukkodana, Amitodana, Amitā, Pamitā.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Amitā (अमिता) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Amitā).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Amitā (अमिता) refers to the daughter of Siṃhahanu: an ancient king from the Solar dynasty (sūryavaṃśa) and a descendant of Mahāsaṃmata, according to the Mahāvastu chapter II.32 of the Mahāsaṃghikas (and the Lokottaravāda school).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Amita (अमित) and Amitavāhana are the two Indras of the Dikkumāras who came to the peak of Meru for partaking in the birth-ceremonies of Ṛṣabha, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Amita in India is the name of a plant defined with Carica papaya in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Vasconcellea peltata A. DC. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Verhandelingen van het bataviaasch genootschap van kunsten en wetenschappen (1790)
· De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum (1790)
· Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique (Lamarck) (1804)
· Eclogae Plantarum Rariorum (1811)
· Florae Fluminensis Icones
· Flore des Antilles (1824)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Amita, for example health benefits, diet and recipes, side effects, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

amita (अमित).—a (S) Unmeasured. 2 (Freely.) Immeasurable, illimitable, incalculable &c. Ex. kāṃ a0 miḷālē taskara || tyānta dhanavanta sāvakāra ||

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

amita (अमित).—a Unmeasured. Immeasurable, incalculable.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Amita (अमित).—a.

1) Unmeasured, boundless, unlimited, infinite, great, immense; मितं ददाति हि पिता मितं भ्राता मितं सुतः । अमितस्य हि दातारं भर्तारं का न पूजयेत् (mitaṃ dadāti hi pitā mitaṃ bhrātā mitaṃ sutaḥ | amitasya hi dātāraṃ bhartāraṃ kā na pūjayet) Rām.2.37.3.

2) Neglected, disregarded.

3) Unknown.

4) Unpolished.

--- OR ---

Amīta (अमीत).—a. Unhurt; °वर्णाः (varṇāḥ) of unhurt or unextinguishable or unaltered colour; समना समानीरमीतवर्णा उषसश्च- रन्ति (samanā samānīramītavarṇā uṣasaśca- ranti) Ṛgveda 4.51.9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Amita (अमित).—ppp. (to root am; recorded only in Sanskrit Gr.), sick: Mahāvastu ii.430.3, mss. varaṃ te amito (Senart em. ramito, implausibly) ahaṃ, sick as I am, I am a better choice for you.

--- OR ---

Amitā (अमिता).—name of a sister of Śuddhodana: Mahāvastu i.352.14; 355.20.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Amita (अमित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Unmeasure, boundless, infinite. 2. Neglected, unpolished, unclean. E. a neg. mita measured.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Amita (अमित).—[adjective] unmeasured, unlimited.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Amita (अमित):—[from am] 1a or ānta mfn. perf. [Passive voice], [Pāṇini 7-2, 28.]

2) 1b See √am.

3) [=a-mita] 2. a-mita mfn. (√3. ), unmeasured, boundless, infinite, [Ṛg-veda] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] without a certain measure, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Suśruta] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Amita (अमित):—[a-mita] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) par. Unmeasured; boundless; excessive.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Amita (अमित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Amiya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Amita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Amīṭa (अमीट):—(a) indelible, ineffaceable; indestructible; —[chāpa] indelible imprint.

2) Amīta (अमीत):—(a) unmeasured, boundless; immense, enormous.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Amita (ಅಮಿತ):—

1) [adjective] not limited; infinite.

2) [adjective] very large; vast; huge; immense; exceeding the usual size, number or degree; enormous.

3) [adjective] not restricted by boundaries or regulations.

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Amita (ಅಮಿತ):—

1) [noun] he who is not subject to any limitations, restrictions or regulations.

2) [noun] the Supreme.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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