Shasta, Śāsta, Śāstā, Shashta, Sashta: 10 definitions

Introduction

Shasta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śāsta and Śāstā can be transliterated into English as Sasta or Shasta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śāstā (शास्ता).—The presiding deity (idol installed) in the Śabarimala temple. Birth. Śiva fell in love with Mahāviṣṇu in his assumed form as Mohinī and Śāstā was the result of their union. (Kambarāmāyaṇa, Bālakāṇḍa). This story occurs in the 8th Skandha of Bhāgavata and the Asura kāṇḍa of Skanda Purāṇa, but only the Skanda Purāṇa refers to the child by name Śāstā. Other information.

(i) In the battle between Indra and the asura called Śūrapadma the former deputed Śāstā for the protection of Śacīdevī. (Skanda Purāṇa, Asura Kāṇḍa).

(ii) Śāstā is supposed to have two wives called Purāṇā and Puṣkalā and a son called Satyaka. (Aṣṭottaraśatakam about Śāstā; also see under Śabarimala). (See full article at Story of Śāstā from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śāstā (शास्ता).—A son of Śiva and Śakti, born of churning of ocean, see Mahāśāsta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 6. 9.

1b) One of the eleven Rudras.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 153. 19.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Śāsta (शास्त).—The synonymous name of Śāsta is Ayyappa. Ayyappa is derived from the word Ārya. The āgamas refer to his name as Ārya only. The cult of Ayyappa is late in its origin. Hence, sculptures also belong to later period. The iconographic features are that he is two-handed, he sits in utkuṭitāsana and his mount is elephant. His weapons depicted are either the vajrāyudha or the bow made of sugarcane. According to mythology, he is Hariharaputra i.e. son bom from the union of Śiva and Viṣṇu (in the form of Mohini).

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śasta (शस्त).—See praśaṃsaka &c.

--- OR ---

śāstā (शास्ता).—a S That punishes: also that governs or rules.

--- OR ---

sastā (सस्ता).—a (svastha S or H) Cheap.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śāstā (शास्ता).—a That punishes. That rules.

--- OR ---

sastā (सस्ता).—a Cheap.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śasta (शस्त).—p. p. [śaṃs-kta]

1) Praised, extolled.

2) Auspicious, happy; शस्ताः कुर्वन्ति मां सव्यं दक्षिणं पशवोऽपरे (śastāḥ kurvanti māṃ savyaṃ dakṣiṇaṃ paśavo'pare) Bhāg.1.14.13.

3) Right, best.

4) Repeated, recited.

5) Best, excellent.

6) Wounded, injured.

7) Killed.

-stam 1 Happiness, welfare.

2) Excellence, auspiciousness.

3) The body.

4) A finger-guard (aṅgulitrāṇa q. v.; also śastakam in this sense).

-staḥ A murderer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śasta (शस्त).—mfn.

(-staḥ-stā-staṃ) 1. Happy, well, right. 2. Praised, eulogised. 3. Best, excellent. 4. Injured. n.

(-staṃ) 1. Happiness, excellence. 2. The body. 3. A finger-protector. E. śas to bless, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaṣṭa (षष्ट).—[-ṣaṣṭa], i. e. ṣaṣṭi + a, ord. num. Sixtieth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śasta (शस्त).—1. [adjective] recited, praised, commended, praise-worthy, auspicious, happy, cheerful, beautiful; [neuter] praise, commendation.

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Śasta (शस्त).—2. [adjective] cut to pieces, slaughtered.

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Śasta (शस्त).—3. [neuter] a kind of girdle.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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