Ruci, Rucī: 17 definitions

Introduction

Ruci means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Ruchi.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ruci (रुचि) was married to Ākūti: one of the three daughters of Svāyambhuvamanu and Śatarūpā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“[...] He (Svāyambhuva Manu) begot of her (Śatarūpā) two sons Priyavrata and Uttānapāda and three daughters Ākūti, Devahūti and Prasūti, all of them very famous. He gave Ākūti in marriage to Ruci and the middle one to Kardama. He gave Prasūti the younger sister of Uttānapāda in marriage to Dakṣa. Their sons and progeny are spread over the world both mobile and immobile. [...] Ruci begot of Ākūti the couple Yajña and Dakṣiṇā. Twelve sons were born of Yajña and Dakṣiṇā. [...] Thus according to their own actions and at the bidding of Śiva innumerable famous brahmins were born out of the various living beings”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Ruci (रुचि).—A celestial maid of Alakāpurī. This celestial maid danced in the Palace of Kubera on the occasion of the visit of Aṣṭāvakra. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 19, Stanza 44).

2) Ruci (रुचि).—A son of Brahmā and a Prajāpati. This prajāpati married Ākūti the daughter of Manu Svāyambhuva. A son and a daughter were born to Ruci of Ākūti. The son was the incarnation of Viṣṇu. He was named Yajña. The daughter who was incarnation of Mahālakṣmī was named Dakṣiṇā. Yajña was brought up in the hermitage of Svāyambhuva and Dakṣiṇā grew up in the hermitage of Ruci. When they grew up Yajña married Dakṣiṇā. Twelve sons, named Toṣa, Santoṣa, Pratoṣa, Bhadra, Śānti, Iḍaspati, Idhma, Kavi, Vibhu, Vahni, Sudeva and Rocana, were born to the couple. In the time of Manu Svāyambhuva these twelve were called the Tuṣitas, a group of devas (gods).

3) Ruci (रुचि).—The wife of the hermit named Devaśarmā. (For detailed story see under Vipula).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ruci (रुचि).—Father of Yajña; a progenitor (Prajāpati, Vāyu-purāṇa.) a son of Brahmā, married Ākūtī, a daughter of Svāyambhuva Manu and had a son, Hari-Yajña and a daughter Dakṣiṇā;1 father of Raucya;2 one of the five created to make one's taste intensified; through Ākūtī twins born, yajña and dakṣiṇā; they married and became parents of 12 sons called Yāmas;3 groups of celestials each of 33; Divaspati is Indra; the seven sages are Nirmoha and others; would have a number of sons.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 3. 12; II. 7. 2; III. 12. 56; 21. 5; IV. 1. 2-5; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 67. 3. 3; 9. 100; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 19, 20.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 50, 101; Matsya-purāṇa 9. 35.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 58; II. 9. 1, 7, 43.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 37-41.

1b) The father of Ajita devas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 33.

2a) Rucī (रुची).—Wife of Sūrya.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 73.

2b) Wife of Ātmavān.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 91.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Ruci (रुचि) refers to:—Taste; ruci develops after one has acquired steadiness in bhajana. At this stage, with the awakening of actual taste, one’s attraction to spiritual matters, such as hearing and chanting, exceeds one’s attraction to any type of material activity; this is the fifth stage in the development of the creeper of devotion. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Ruci (रुचि) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Ruci]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Ruci (रुचि) refers to “appetite”, as mentioned in verse 4.29-31 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] If (a patient) has been debilitated by medicine, strengthening (him) gradually by food such as rice, sixty-day-old rice, wheat, mung-beans, meat, and ghee—(which), in combination with cardiac and stomachic remedies, (is) promotive of appetite and digestion [viz., ruci-pakti-da]—as well as by inunctions, massages, baths, and purgative and lubricant enemas (is) wholesome. Thus he recovers comfort, intensity of all the fires, faultlessness of intellect, colour, and senses, potency, (and) longness of life”.

Note: ruti-pakti-da (“promotive of appetite and digestion”) has been represented by yi-ga ’byed-ciṅ ’ju byed (“that which opens appetite and causes digestion”), that is substantially, “appetizers and digestives”.—For ’byed-ciṅ NP have substituted the intransitive ’bye-źin, which is less suitable here; bźu (for ’ju) in N seems to be a mistake.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Ruci. A king of the Mahasammata dynasty. He was the son of Angirasa and the father of Suruci. Mhv.ii.4; cf. Dpv.iii.7.

2. Ruci. A king of thirty eight kappas ago; a previous birth of Sucintita Thera. Ap.i.134.

3. Ruci. A palace occupied by Vessabhu Buddha when he was yet a layman. Bu.xxii.19.

4. Ruci. One of the three palaces of Kakusandha Buddha before he left the world. Bu.xxiii.16.

5. Ruci. See Suruci.

-- or --

1. Ruci. One of the chief lay women supporters of Paduma Buddha. Bu. ix. 23.

2. Ruci. An upasika, held up as an example to others (A.iv. 347; AA.ii.791). v.l. Rupi.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Ruci (रुचि) (son of Aṅgira and father of Suruci or Mahāruci) is the name of an ancient king from the Solar dynasty (sūryavaṃśa) and a descendant of Mahāsaṃmata, according to the Mahābuddhavaṃsa or Maha Buddhavamsa (the great chronicle of Buddhas) Anudīpanī chapter 1, compiled by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw. These twenty-eight kings were of long lives of asaṅkhyeyya (asaṃkhyeya) years. The twenty-seven kings [viz., Suruci] after Mahāsammata were his descendants. Some of these twenty-eight kings reigned in Kusavatī City, others in Rājagaha and still others in Mithilā.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ruci : (f.) liking; choice; inclination.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ruci, (f.) (fr. ruc, cp. Vedic ruc (f.) light, Classic Sk. ruci in meaning “pleasure”) 1. splendour, light, brightness Sn. 548 (su° very splendid; SnA 453=sundara-sarīrappabha).—2. inclination, liking, pleasure PvA. 59 (°ṃ uppādeti to find pleasure, to be satisfied).—aruci aversion, dislike Th. 2, 472.—ruci object of pleasure J. V, 371.—ruciyā (Abl.) in the pleasure (of), by the liking (of) (cp. No. 3), in phrases attano ruciyā (attano citta-ruciyā: so read for °ruciyaṃ!); as one pleases, by one’s own free will, ad lib. J. I, 106; IV, 281; PvA. 59; parassa r. pavattati to live by the pleasure (gratiâ) of somebody else, i.e. to be dependent on others DA. I, 212.—yathā ruciṃ according to liking or satisfaction, fully, amply Mhvs 4, 43; 5, 230; PvA. 88, 126, 242. ‹-› 3. In dogmatic language used in the sense of “will” or “influence” in combination diṭṭhi, khanti, ruci one’s views, indulgence & pleasure (=will), i.e. one’s intellectual, emotional & volitional sphere, e.g. Vin. I, 70; Sn. 781 (without khanti, but see definition at Nd1 65); also with saddhā, anussavo, ākāraparivitakke, diṭṭhinijjhānakhanti M. II, 170, 218; 234; contrasted with dhamma D. III, 40; Vbh. 245 (in definition of “idha”: cp. same at Ps. I, 176 and Nd2 145), 325, 328. aññatra ruciyā under the influence of someone else’s will S. II, 115; IV, 138. See also bhāva 2a. (Page 572)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ruci (रुचि).—f (S) Flavor, relish, sapidity, taste. 2 Taste; perception by, or the percipient faculty in, the palate. 3 Relish, liking, delight in anything.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ruci (रुचि).—f Flavour; taste; relish.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ruci (रुचि).—(- f.) [ruc-ki vā ṅīp]

1) Light, lustre, splendour, brightness; वियद्व्यापी तारागणगुणित फेनोद्गमरुचिः (viyadvyāpī tārāgaṇaguṇita phenodgamaruciḥ) Śi.vamahimna 17; रुचिमिन्दुदले करोत्यजः परिपूर्णेन्दुरुचिर्महीपतिः (rucimindudale karotyajaḥ paripūrṇendurucirmahīpatiḥ) Śi. 16.71; R.5.67; Me.15.

2) A ray of light; as in रुचिभर्तृ (rucibhartṛ) q. v.

3) Appearance, colour, beauty (usually at the end of comp.); पटलं बहिर्बहलपङ्करुचि (paṭalaṃ bahirbahalapaṅkaruci) Śi.9.19; सिन्दूरैः कृतरुचयः सहेमकक्ष्याः (sindūraiḥ kṛtarucayaḥ sahemakakṣyāḥ) Ki.7.8.

4) Taste, relish; as in रुचिकर (rucikara).

5) Zest, hunger, appetite.

6) Wish, desire, pleasure; स्वरुच्या (svarucyā) 'at will or pleasure.'

7) Liking, taste; विमार्गगायाश्च रुचिः स्वकान्ते (vimārgagāyāśca ruciḥ svakānte) Bv.1.125 'liking or love'; न स क्षितीशो रुचये बभूव (na sa kṣitīśo rucaye babhūva); R.6.44; भिन्नरुचिर्हि लोकः (bhinnarucirhi lokaḥ) 3; नाट्यं भिन्नरुचेर्जनस्य बहुधाप्येकं समाराधनम् (nāṭyaṃ bhinnarucerjanasya bahudhāpyekaṃ samārādhanam) M.1.4; oft. in comp. in the sense of 'indulging in', 'devoted or addicted to'; हिंसारुचेः (hiṃsāruceḥ) Māl.5.29; अर्थरुचेः (artharuceḥ) Mu.1.

8) Passion, close application to any object.

9) A kind of yellow pigment (gorocanā).

1) A kind of coitus. -m. Name of a प्रजापति (prajāpati); जातो रुचेरजनयतसुयमान् सुयज्ञः (jāto rucerajanayatasuyamān suyajñaḥ) Bhāg.2.7.2.

Derivable forms: ruciḥ (रुचिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ruci (रुचि).—f. (-ciḥ-cī) 1. Light, lustre. 2. Beauty, appearance, colour. 3. Passion. 4. Wish, desire. 5. A ray of light. 6. Intent application to any object or undertaking. 7. Hunger, appetite. 8. Taste, sentiment. E. ruc to shine, ki or ṅīp aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ruci (रुचि).—[ruc + ī](and rucī), f. 1. Light, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 48 (); splendour, 19, 9 (). 2. A ray of light. 3. Beauty, Bhā- ṣāp. 1, a (at the end of a comp. adj.). 4. Appearance, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 19 (at the end of a comp. adj.). 5. Wish, desire, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 17; pleasure, [Pāṇini, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 1, 4, 33. 6. Passion. 7. Intent application to any object. 8. Hunger. 9. Taste, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 259 (); pleasure, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 1 ().

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ruci (रुचि).—[feminine] light, splendour, beauty, colour; wish, desire, pleasure in, taste for ([locative], [accusative] [with] prati, infin., or —°), appetite; adj. —° delighting in, eager or longing for. Abstr. † [feminine], tva† [neuter]

--- OR ---

Ruci (रुचि).—[feminine] light, splendour, beauty, colour; wish, desire, pleasure in, taste for ([locative], [accusative] [with] prati, infin., or —°), appetite; adj. —° delighting in, eager or longing for. Abstr. † [feminine], tva† [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ruci (रुचि):—[from ruc] f. (ruci, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā]) light, lustre, splendour, beauty, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] colour, [Kāvya literature]

3) [v.s. ...] liking, taste, relish, pleasure, appetite, zest, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc. (ifc. taking pleasure in, desirous of, longing for; with [locative case], prati [infinitive mood] or [compound]; ruciṃ-√dā or rucaye-√bhū, to please; rucim ā-√vah, with [dative case], to excite a desire for; rucyā or sva-rucyā, at pleasure, at will)

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of coitus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a kind of pigment (= rocanā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of an Apsaras, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Devaśarman, [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Prajā-pati (the husband of Ākūti and father of Yajña or Su-yajña and of Manu Raucya), [Purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] of a son of Viśvāmitra, [Mahābhārata]

10) [v.s. ...] of a king, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] mfn. pleasant, agreeable (= rucira), [Rāmāyaṇa]

12) Rucī (रुची):—[from ruc] f. [plural] (mc.) = ruci, light, splendour, [Naiṣadha-carita]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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