Supratika, aka: Su-pratika, Supratīka; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Supratika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kathā (narrative stories)

1) Supratīka (सुप्रतीक) is the name of a yakṣa, who was cursed by Kubera and became a piśāca named Kāṇabhūti, residing in the Vindhya forest, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara. When Pārvatī cursed Puṣpadanta, for overhearing the story of the seven Vidyādharas, together with Mālyavān, she mentioned Kāṇabhūti would be released from his curse, when Mālyavān would hear the tale from him.

Pārvatī uttered the curse as follows:

“A Yakṣa named Supratīka, who has been made a Piśāca by the curse of Kuvera, is residing in the Vindhya forest under the name of Kāṇabhūti. When thou shalt see him, and calling to mind thy origin, tell him this tale; then, Puṣpadanta, thou shalt be released from this curse. And when Mālyavān shall hear this tale from Kāṇabhūti, then Kāṇabhūti shall be released, and thou, Mālyavān, when thou hast published it abroad, shalt be free also.”

Dīrghajaṅgha, the brother of Supratīka, asked Kubera when the curse would end. Kubera answered as follows:

“After thy brother has heard the great tale from Puṣpadanta, who has been born into this world in consequence of a curse, and after he has in turn told it to Mālyavān, who owing to a curse has become a human being, he together with those two Gaṇas shall be released from the effects of the curse.”

2) Supratīka (सुप्रतीक) is the name of the commander-in-chief of King Śatānīka, the King from the Pāṇḍava family, who was the son of Janamejaya, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. He had a son born to him named Rumaṇvat.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Supratīka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Kathā book cover
context information

Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.

Purāṇa

Supratīka (सुप्रतीक):—Son of Pratīkāśva (son of Bhānumān). He will be born in the future and become a king. He will have a son called Marudeva. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.11-12)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1a) Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—A son of Pratikāśva (Pratitāśva, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) and father of Marudeva.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 12; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 22. 4.

1b) The name of the elephant which Bhagadatta got from Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 59. 37; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 328.

1c) The city of, between the Ganges and Vindhyas;1 a son of Pravīra, ruled for 30 years.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 357.
  • 2) Ib. III. 74. 186.

1d) A Vāhlika King; 30 years.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 373.

1e) The beautiful elephant born of sāmna the pleasant, appearance from Vairūpya;1 three sons, Prahārī, Sampāti and Pṛthu by Citti.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 328, 335-341.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 225.

1f) A son of Bhadra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 213.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Itihāsa (narrative history)

Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—There is a story of “Two brothers” in the Ādiparva of the Mahābhārata. The two brothers, Vibhāvasu and Supratīka are fighting for sharing their father’s property. Their dispute is going on births after births.

(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (mahābhārata)
context information

Itihāsa (इतिहास) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Purāṇas, 2) the Mahābhārata and 3) the Rāmāyaṇa. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smṛti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to śruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Supratika (सुप्रतिक): Name of King Bhagadatta's elephant.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—The name of King Bhagadatta’s elephant that was very formidable during the battle of Kurukṣetra. He was killed by Arjuna.

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

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