Supratika, Supratīka, Su-pratika: 12 definitions

Introduction

Supratika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—The name of King Bhagadatta’s elephant that was very formidable during the battle of Kurukṣetra. He was killed by Arjuna.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Supratika in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Supratīka (सुप्रतीक):—Son of Pratīkāśva (son of Bhānumān). He will be born in the future and become a king. He will have a son called Marudeva. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.11-12)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—A King in ancient India. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 1, Verse 235).

2) Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—A maharṣi whom his brother Vibhāvasu cursed and turned into an elephant. (For details see under Garuḍa, Section 5).

3) Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—A diggaja (One of the eight elephants, that support the earth). In the dynasty of Supratīka were born the elephants Airāvata, Vāmana, Kumuda and Añjana. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 99).

4) Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—Name of Bhagadatta’s elephant. This elephant which did so many heroic deeds in the great war was killed by Arjuna. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 29, Verse 43).

5) Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—A Yakṣa. (See under Guṇāḍhya).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—A son of Pratikāśva (Pratitāśva, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) and father of Marudeva.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 12; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 22. 4.

1b) The name of the elephant which Bhagadatta got from Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 59. 37; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 328.

1c) The city of, between the Ganges and Vindhyas;1 a son of Pravīra, ruled for 30 years.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 357.
  • 2) Ib. III. 74. 186.

1d) A Vāhlika King; 30 years.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 373.

1e) The beautiful elephant born of sāmna the pleasant, appearance from Vairūpya;1 three sons, Prahārī, Sampāti and Pṛthu by Citti.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 328, 335-341.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 225.

1f) A son of Bhadra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 213.
Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (mahābhārata)

Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—There is a story of “Two brothers” in the Ādiparva of the Mahābhārata. The two brothers, Vibhāvasu and Supratīka are fighting for sharing their father’s property. Their dispute is going on births after births.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Supratika in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Supratīka (सुप्रतीक) is the name of a yakṣa, who was cursed by Kubera and became a piśāca named Kāṇabhūti, residing in the Vindhya forest, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara. When Pārvatī cursed Puṣpadanta, for overhearing the story of the seven Vidyādharas, together with Mālyavān, she mentioned Kāṇabhūti would be released from his curse, when Mālyavān would hear the tale from him.

Pārvatī uttered the curse as follows:

“A Yakṣa named Supratīka, who has been made a Piśāca by the curse of Kuvera, is residing in the Vindhya forest under the name of Kāṇabhūti. When thou shalt see him, and calling to mind thy origin, tell him this tale; then, Puṣpadanta, thou shalt be released from this curse. And when Mālyavān shall hear this tale from Kāṇabhūti, then Kāṇabhūti shall be released, and thou, Mālyavān, when thou hast published it abroad, shalt be free also.”

Dīrghajaṅgha, the brother of Supratīka, asked Kubera when the curse would end. Kubera answered as follows:

“After thy brother has heard the great tale from Puṣpadanta, who has been born into this world in consequence of a curse, and after he has in turn told it to Mālyavān, who owing to a curse has become a human being, he together with those two Gaṇas shall be released from the effects of the curse.”

2) Supratīka (सुप्रतीक) is the name of the commander-in-chief of King Śatānīka, the King from the Pāṇḍava family, who was the son of Janamejaya, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. He had a son born to him named Rumaṇvat.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Supratīka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Supratika in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Supratika (सुप्रतिक): Name of King Bhagadatta's elephant.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Supratika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—a.

1) having a beautiful shape, lovely, handsome; भगवान् भागवतवात्सल्यतया सुप्रतीकः (bhagavān bhāgavatavātsalyatayā supratīkaḥ) Bhāg.5.3.2.

2) having a beautiful trunk. (-kaḥ) 1 an epithet of Kāmadeva.

2) of Śiva.

3) of the elephant of the north-east quarter.

4) An honest man; स्तेयोपायैर्विरचितकृतिः सुप्रतीको यथास्ते (steyopāyairviracitakṛtiḥ supratīko yathāste) Bhāg.1.8.31.

Supratīka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and pratīka (प्रतीक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Well-made, handsome. 2. Having a beautiful trunk. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. The elephant of the north-east quarter. 2. Kamadeva. 3. Siva. E. su handsome, pratīka form.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—[adjective] good-looking, beautiful.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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