Supratika, aka: Su-pratika, Supratīka; 7 Definition(s)
Supratika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Kathā (narrative stories)
1) Supratīka (सुप्रतीक) is the name of a yakṣa, who was cursed by Kubera and became a piśāca named Kāṇabhūti, residing in the Vindhya forest, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara. When Pārvatī cursed Puṣpadanta, for overhearing the story of the seven Vidyādharas, together with Mālyavān, she mentioned Kāṇabhūti would be released from his curse, when Mālyavān would hear the tale from him.
Pārvatī uttered the curse as follows:
“A Yakṣa named Supratīka, who has been made a Piśāca by the curse of Kuvera, is residing in the Vindhya forest under the name of Kāṇabhūti. When thou shalt see him, and calling to mind thy origin, tell him this tale; then, Puṣpadanta, thou shalt be released from this curse. And when Mālyavān shall hear this tale from Kāṇabhūti, then Kāṇabhūti shall be released, and thou, Mālyavān, when thou hast published it abroad, shalt be free also.”
Dīrghajaṅgha, the brother of Supratīka, asked Kubera when the curse would end. Kubera answered as follows:
“After thy brother has heard the great tale from Puṣpadanta, who has been born into this world in consequence of a curse, and after he has in turn told it to Mālyavān, who owing to a curse has become a human being, he together with those two Gaṇas shall be released from the effects of the curse.”
2) Supratīka (सुप्रतीक) is the name of the commander-in-chief of King Śatānīka, the King from the Pāṇḍava family, who was the son of Janamejaya, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. He had a son born to him named Rumaṇvat.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Supratīka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.
Supratīka (सुप्रतीक):—Son of Pratīkāśva (son of Bhānumān). He will be born in the future and become a king. He will have a son called Marudeva. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.11-12)(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
1a) Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—A son of Pratikāśva (Pratitāśva, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) and father of Marudeva.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 12; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 22. 4.
1b) The name of the elephant which Bhagadatta got from Kṛṣṇa.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 59. 37; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 328.
1d) A Vāhlika King; 30 years.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 373.
1f) A son of Bhadra.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 213.
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Itihāsa (narrative history)
Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—There is a story of “Two brothers” in the Ādiparva of the Mahābhārata. The two brothers, Vibhāvasu and Supratīka are fighting for sharing their father’s property. Their dispute is going on births after births.(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (mahābhārata)
Itihāsa (इतिहास) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Purāṇas, 2) the Mahābhārata and 3) the Rāmāyaṇa. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smṛti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to śruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Supratika (सुप्रतिक): Name of King Bhagadatta's elephant.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—The name of King Bhagadatta’s elephant that was very formidable during the battle of Kurukṣetra. He was killed by Arjuna.(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary
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Search found 7 books and stories containing Supratika, Su-pratika or Supratīka. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 12 - The Dynasty of Kusa, the Son of Lord Ramacandra < [Canto IX - Liberation]
Chapter 8 - The Eighth Day at Kurukshetra; Iravan is Slain < [Bhisma Parva]
Chapter 6 - The Fifth and Sixth Days of the Great Battle < [Bhisma Parva]
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 39 - Kings of the solar race (sūryavaṃśa) < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 35 - Śiva-sahasranāma: the thousand names of Śiva < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
The Nilamata Purana (by Dr. Ved Kumari)
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
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