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Supratika, aka: Supratīka; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Supratika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kathā (narrative stories)

1) Supratīka (सुप्रतीक) is the name of a yakṣa, who was cursed by Kubera and became a piśāca named Kāṇabhūti, residing in the Vindhya forest, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara. When Pārvatī cursed Puṣpadanta, for overhearing the story of the seven Vidyādharas, together with Mālyavān, she mentioned Kāṇabhūti would be released from his curse, when Mālyavān would hear the tale from him.

Pārvatī uttered the curse as follows:

“A Yakṣa named Supratīka, who has been made a Piśāca by the curse of Kuvera, is residing in the Vindhya forest under the name of Kāṇabhūti. When thou shalt see him, and calling to mind thy origin, tell him this tale; then, Puṣpadanta, thou shalt be released from this curse. And when Mālyavān shall hear this tale from Kāṇabhūti, then Kāṇabhūti shall be released, and thou, Mālyavān, when thou hast published it abroad, shalt be free also.”

Dīrghajaṅgha, the brother of Supratīka, asked Kubera when the curse would end. Kubera answered as follows:

“After thy brother has heard the great tale from Puṣpadanta, who has been born into this world in consequence of a curse, and after he has in turn told it to Mālyavān, who owing to a curse has become a human being, he together with those two Gaṇas shall be released from the effects of the curse.”

2) Supratīka (सुप्रतीक) is the name of the commander-in-chief of King Śatānīka, the King from the Pāṇḍava family, who was the son of Janamejaya, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. He had a son born to him named Rumaṇvat.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’) is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta’s quest to become the emperor of the Vidhyādharas. The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: KathāsaritsāgaraKathā book cover
context information

Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.

Purāṇa

1a) Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—A son of Pratikāśva (Pratitāśva, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) and father of Marudeva.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 12; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 22. 4.

1b) The name of the elephant which Bhagadatta got from Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 59. 37; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 328.

1c) The city of, between the Ganges and Vindhyas;1 a son of Pravīra, ruled for 30 years.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 357.
  • 2) Ib. III. 74. 186.

1d) A Vāhlika King; 30 years.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 373.

1e) The beautiful elephant born of sāmna the pleasant, appearance from Vairūpya;1 three sons, Prahārī, Sampāti and Pṛthu by Citti.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 328, 335-341.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 225.

1f) A son of Bhadra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 213.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Supratīka (सुप्रतीक):—Son of Pratīkāśva (son of Bhānumān). He will be born in the future and become a king. He will have a son called Marudeva. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.11-12)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—The name of King Bhagadatta’s elephant that was very formidable during the battle of Kurukṣetra. He was killed by Arjuna.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Supratika (सुप्रतिक): Name of King Bhagadatta's elephant.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Relevant definitions

Search found 17 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Bhadra
Bhadra (भद्र) is the name of the third Baladeva according to Śvetāmbara sources, while Digambar...
Marudeva
1) Marudeva (मरुदेव) is the name of class of kimpuruṣa according to Digambara, while the Śvetā...
Vararuci
Vararuci (वररुचि) is the name of an incarnation of Puṣpadanta, a subordinate of Śiva who was...
Bhagadatta
1a) Bhagadatta (भगदत्त).—Was presented with an elephant (of the Airāvata breed) Supratīka...
Prithu
Pṛthu (पृथु).—The son of Vibhu, who was the son of Prastotā, according to the Varāhapu...
Sampati
1) Sampati (सम्पति).—A son of Aruṇa and Gṛdhri; father of Vijaya and Prasaha.** Brahmāṇḍa...
Pratikashva
Pratikāśva (प्रतिकाश्व).—The son of Bhānumat and father of Supratīka.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa ...
Malyavan
Mālyavān (माल्यवान्).—One of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, according to t...
Pushpadanta
Puṣpadanta (पुष्पदन्त) is the name of a subordinate of Śiva, who overheard him narrating the...
Sunakshatra
1a) Sunakṣatra (सुनक्षत्र).—A son of Manudeva and father of Puṣkara (Kinnara, Viṣṇu-purāṇ...
Kanabhuti
Kāṇabhūti (काणभूति) is the name of a piśāca residing in the Vindhya forest. In a previous li...
Sthulashiras
Sthūlaśiras (स्थूलशिरस्) is the name of a rākṣasa and friend of Supratīka, who was a yakṣa a...
Dirghajangha
Dīrghajaṅgha (दीर्घजङ्घ) is the name of the brother of Supratīka, a yakṣa who was cursed to ...
Prahari
Prahāri (प्रहारि).—A son of Supratīka the elephant.** Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 341.
Vairupya
Vairūpya (वैरूप्य).—A Sāma;1 from the face of Brahmā,2 helped Supratīka elephant to get...

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Search found 7 books containing Supratika or Supratīka. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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